Dr Behnam Akhavan

BSc. (Hons), MSc Isfahan University of Technology, PhD
Research Fellow
Applied Plasma and Surface Engineering

A28 - Physics Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 5961
Fax +61 2 9351 7726

Website The School of Physics

Faculty of Engineering

The Applied Plasma and Surface Engineering Research Group

Biographical details

Dr Behnam Akhavan received his PhD in Advanced Manufacturing from the School of Engineering at the University of South Australia in 2015. Behnam’s PhD research focused on the application of plasma technologies for the fabrication of a new class of adsorbents for water purification. He presented his PhD research in 15 national and international conferences and submitted his thesis by publication which included 7 first-author articles published in high-ranked journals. In recognition of the excellence of his PhD research, Behnam was selected as one of UniSA’s Enterprising Faces in 2015. His current interdisciplinary research projects investigate the engineering of surfaces for various applications, ranging from bone-implantable devices to artificial blood vessels and smart windows. In surface and interface science, he is working on a variety of problems in the areas of thin film deposition, plasma polymerization, plasma ion implantation, and magnetron sputtering. Prior to his current appointment as Research Fellow at the University of Sydney, Behnam worked at the Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research and Fraunhofer Institute of Microtechnology in Germany.

Research interests

  • Surface Engineering
  • Nano-structured coatings
  • Plasma polymerization
  • Plasma ion implantation
  • Thin film materials
  • Nanomaterials
  • Biomaterials and interfaces

Teaching and supervision

Research Students:

PhD Candidates:

  • Lewis Martin, Commenced year: 2014, Competition year: 2018
  • Callum Stuart, Commenced year: 2015, Completion year: 2018
  • Rashi Walia, Commenced year: 2016 (part time), Completion year: 2021
  • Charles Oliver Lotz, Commenced year: 2018, Completion year: 2021

Honours Students:

  • Arifah Fadzil, Commenced year: 2017, Completion year: 2018
  • Anyu Zhang, Commenced year: 2017, Completion year: 2018
  • Aliza Chunara, Commenced year: 2018, Completion year: 2019
  • Thomas Densem,Commenced year: 2018, Completion year: 2019
  • Christale Gaitanos, Commenced year: 2018, Completion year: 2019
  • Mabel Au, Commenced year: 2018, Completion year: 2019

Current projects

Behnam's current research focuses on surface engineering of bone implants and synthetic blood vessels via plasma polymerization and plasma immersion ion implantation processes.

  • There are a number of projects available for Honours/Masters students, PhD candidates and visiting academics. Potential candidates are welcome to contact me for further information.

Available projects:

Deposition of robust functionalized coatings on pulse-biased substrates

Production of plasma polymer films that are high in desired functional group(s) yet stable in body fluids is of high interest but challenging. This research will be focused on the production of robust functionalized plasma polymer films through judicious choice of plasma deposition parameters.

Development of plasma activated coatings on particulate surfaces

While we have successfully fabricated 2-D plasma activated surfaces that covalently immobilize bioactive molecules, there is great potential to further develop this knowledge for the coating of particulate materials. In comparison with 2-D substrates, plasma polymer-coated 3-D surfaces are of more interest in real-world applications such as protein adsorption/separation and removal of toxic matter from water.

Fabrication of stable sulphur-containing films through plasma-assisted approaches

Sulphur/oxygen-containing surfaces show remarkably high blood compatibility because of their decreased platelet adhesion and anti-inflammatory properties. These surfaces also exhibit enhanced ionic conductivity, which makes them excellent candidates for proton-exchange membranes. This project will look into the fabrication of such surfaces using plasma-assisted approaches.

Plasma ion implantation treatment of porous polymeric materials

Plasma activated membranes and porous materials are of interest for a number of applications including cell culture and tissue engineering. This project will involve plasma immersion ion implantation treatment of porous materials under optimized conditions followed by immobilization/separation of targeted biomolecules.

Associations

  • Materials Australia (Certified Materials Professional Member)
  • Australian Nanotechnology Network
  • American Chemical Society
  • International Desalination Association
  • Engineers Without Borders

Awards and honours

  • The Royal Society Science Conference Award, Nov. 2016
  • Australian Nanotechnology Network Overseas Travel Fellowship, Nov 2013
  • 1st Prize Five Minutes Thesis Presentation- University of South Australia
  • High Distinguished Master’s Graduate Award - Iran Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology

In the media

Conference Presentations

  • Akhavan, B.; Bilek B. Keynote Speaker: Radical-functionalized Plasma Polymer Interfaces for Bone Implants, The 6th International Symposium on Surface and Interface of Biomaterials, Chengdu, China, October 16-19, 2017
  • Akhavan, B.; Wise, S.; Bilek B. Oral: Stable biomimetic plasma polymer interfaces for orthopaedic implant applications, 23rd International Symposium on Plasma Chemistry (ISPC), Montreal, Canada July 30th – 4th August 2017
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Poster: Oxidised sulphur-functionalized plasma polymer surfaces for heavy metals removal, 23rd International Symposium on Plasma Chemistry (ISPC), Montreal, Canada July 30th – 4th August 2017
  • Akhavan, B.; Wise, S.; Bilek B. Oral: Robust plasma activated coatings for orthopaedic implant applications, 15th International conference on Plasma Surface Engineering, Garmisch-Partenkirchen , Germany, 12th – 16th September 2016
  • Akhavan, B.; Wise, S.; Bilek B. Poster: Plasma polymer coated silica particles: A new class of heavy metal adsorbents, 15th International conference on Plasma Surface Engineering, Garmisch-Partenkirchen , Germany, 12th – 16th September 2016
  • Akhavan, B.; Wise, S.; Bilek B. Oral: Robust nitrogen-containing plasma polymer interfaces for biological applications MRS Spring Meeting and Exhibit, Phoenix , Arizona, USA, 28TH March – 1st April 2016
  • Akhavan, B.; Bilek B. Oral: Robust plasma polymer films for the immobilization of bioactive molecules, GEM 2016, Geelong, Victoria, 14 – 17th February 2016
  • Akhavan, B.; Bilek B. Oral: Highly stable nano-structured plasma polymer films for biological applications, ICONN 2016, Canberra, 7 – 11th February 2016
  • Akhavan, B.; Bilek B. Oral: Controlled deposition of plasma activated coatings on zirconium substrates, SPIE 2015, Sydney, New South Wales, 26th – 28th November 2015
  • Akhavan, B.; Bilek B. Poster: Nano-structured carbon and nitrogen-containing plasma polymer films on zirconium surfaces: Control of surface chemistry and surface free energy, Gold coast, Queensland, Australia, August 2015
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Oral: Plasma polymerized thin films for facile, rapid and efficient hydrophobic matter removal 3rd biennial conference of the Combined Australian Materials Societies (CAMS2014). Sydney, New South Wales, 26th – 28th November 2014
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Oral: Plasma polymer deposition onto silica particles: A new approach to clean water, 12th Asia Pacific Conference on Plasma Science and Technology (APCPST), Adelaide, South Australia, 31st August – 5th September 2014
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Oral: Surface functionalized plasma polymer coated particles for water treatment, SA Polymer and Bionanotechnology Symposium 2014, Adelaide, South Australia, 29th August 2014
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Poster: Fabrication of nanostructured plasma polymer films for water treatment, 10th International Nanotechnology Symposium (NanoFair), Dresden, Germany, 1st – 3rd July 2014
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Oral: Plasma Polymerisation: A New Approach for the Fabrication of Super-Efficient Adsorbents, High Tech Plasma Processes (HTPP), Toulouse, France, 22nd – 27th June 2014
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Oral: Plasma Polymer Coated Particles: A New Class of Adsorbents for Water PurificationThe International Conference on Interfaces against Pollution (IAP), Leeuwarden, the Netherlands, 25th – 28th May 2014
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Oral: Hydrocarbon Plasma Polymer Functionalised Particles with Tailored Surface Hydrophobicity, International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICONN), Adelaide, SA, 2nd – 6th February 2014
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Poster: Nanostructured Plasma Polymer Coatings for Water Purification, International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICONN) 2014, Adelaide, SA, 2nd – 6th February 2014
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Oral: Plasma polymerisation: A novel approach for the development of hydrophobic adsorbents, Materials Innovation in Surface Engineering (MISE), Adelaide, SA, 19th – 21st November 2013
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Oral: Petroleum hydrocarbon removal via plasma polymer coated silica particles, Australian Nanotechnology Network Early Career Researchers Symposium (ANN-ECR), Adelaide, SA, 13th – 14th November 2014
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Poster: Plasma polymerised 1,7-octadiene coated powders for hydrophobic matter removal from water, International Symposium on Plasma Chemistry (ISPC), Cairns, QLD, 4th – 9th August 2013
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Oral: Hydrophobic plasma polymer coated silica particles for water purification, Australian Nanotechnology Network Early Career Researchers Symposium (ANN-ECR), Melbourne, VIC, 15th -16th December 2012
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Poster: Development of Hydrophobic Silica Powders Using Plasma Polymerisation Technology, The International Conference on Plasma Science (ICOPS), Edinburgh, UK, 8th – 12th July 2012
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Poster: Plasma Polymer Deposition of Hydrophobic Functional Groups on Silica Powders, International Conference of Young Researchers on Advanced Materials (ICYRAM), Singapore, 1st – 6th July 2012
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Oral: Evolution of Hydrophobicity in a Hydrocarbon Plasma Polymerized Nano-thin Film, International Conference on Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (ICONN), Perth, WA, 5th – 9th February 2012
  • Akhavan, B.; Jarvis, K.; Majewski, P., Poster: Plasma Polymer Deposition of Functionalized Nano-thin Films on Granular Particles for Water Purification, Nano Structures for Sensors, Electronics, Energy and Environment (NanoS-E3), Kingscliff, NSW, 12th – 16th September 2011

Themes

Materials and structures; Biomedical engineering and technology; Water and the environment

International links

China

(Southwest Jiaotong University) Blood contacting surfaces

Germany

(Max Planck Institute for Polymer Research) Molecular Spectroscopy

Netherlands

(University Medical Centre Utrecht) Bone implantable devices

South Africa

(Pretoria University) Conductive graphite papers

United States

(Tufts University) Solid-Hydrogel hybrid structures

Selected grants

2019

  • Plasma Surface Engineering: A New Dimension of Functionality for High Surface-Area-to-Volume Materials; Bilek M, Yeo G, Akhavan B; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2018

  • Localized surface modification by atmospheric pressure plasma for biological activation in 3D (bio)printing; Bilek M, Malda J, McKenzie D, Akhavan B, Castilho M, Ruijter M, Duijn J; Office of Global Engagement/Partnership Collaboration Awards.

2017

  • 23rd International Symposium on Plasma Chemistry (ISPC23), Montreal, Canada, 30 July - 4 August 2017 - Ian Potter Travel grant; Akhavan B; Ian Potter Foundation/Travel Support.

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Journals

  • Wang, Q., Akhavan, B., Jing, F., Cheng, D., Sun, H., Xie, D., Leng, Y., Bilek, M., Huang, N. (2018). Catalytic Formation of Nitric Oxide Mediated by Ti-Cu Coatings Provides Multifunctional Interfaces for Cardiovascular Applications. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 5(6), 1701487(1)-1701487(12). [More Information]
  • Stewart, C., Akhavan, B., Santos, M., Hung, J., Hawkins, C., Bao, B., Wise, S., Bilek, M. (2018). Cellular responses to radical propagation from ion-implanted plasma polymer surfaces. Applied Surface Science, 456, 701-710. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Bakhshandeh, S., Najafi-Ashtiani, H., Fluit, A., Boel, E., Vogely, C., van der Wal, B., Zadpoor, A., Weinans, H., Hennink, W., Bilek, M., et al (2018). Direct covalent attachment of silver nanoparticles on radical-rich plasma polymer films for antibacterial applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 6(37), 5845-5853. [More Information]
  • Martin, L., Akhavan, B., Bilek, M. (2018). Electric fields control the orientation of peptides irreversibly immobilized on radical-functionalized surfaces. Nature Communications, 9(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Ganesan, R., Akhavan, B., Dong, X., McKenzie, D., Bilek, M. (2018). External magnetic field increases both plasma generation and deposition rate in HiPIMS. Surface & Coatings Technology, 352, 671-679. [More Information]
  • Ganesan, R., Akhavan, B., Hiob, M., McKenzie, D., Weiss, A., Bilek, M. (2018). HiPIMS carbon coatings show covalent protein binding that imparts enhanced hemocompatibility. Carbon, 139, 118-128. [More Information]
  • Stewart, C., Akhavan, B., Hung, J., Bao, B., Jang, J., Wise, S., Bilek, M. (2018). Multifunctional Protein-Immobilized Plasma Polymer Films for Orthopedic Applications. ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering, 4(12), 4084-4094. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Michl, T., Giles, C., Ho, K., Martin, L., Sharifahmadian, O., Wise, S., Coad, B., Kumar, N., Griesser, H., Bilek, M. (2018). Plasma activated coatings with dual action against fungi and bacteria. Applied Materials Today, 12, 72-84. [More Information]
  • Kondyurin, A., Lau, K., Tang, F., Akhavan, B., Chrzanowski, W., Lord, M., Rnjak-Kovacina, J., Bilek, M. (2018). Plasma Ion Implantation of Silk Biomaterials Enabling Direct Covalent Immobilization of Bioactive Agents for Enhanced Cellular Responses. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 10(21), 17605-17616. [More Information]
  • Tan, R., Chan, A., Santos, M., Filipe, E., Akhavan, B., Lee, B., Bilek, M., Wise, S., Ng, M. (2017). A Novel Bioactive Interleukin-4 Functionalised Vascular Graft That Modulates Inflammation and Inhibits Neointimal Hyperplasia. Heart, Lung and Circulation, 26, S279-S279. [More Information]
  • Ganesan, R., Akhavan, B., Partridge, J., McCulloch, D., McKenzie, D., Bilek, M. (2017). Evolution of target condition in reactive HiPIMS as a function of duty cycle: An opportunity for refractive index grading. Journal of Applied Physics, 121(17), 171909-1-171909-10. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Menges, B., Forch, R. (2016). Inhomogeneous Growth of Micrometer Thick Plasma Polymerized Films. Langmuir, 32(19), 4792-4799. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Wise, S., Bilek, M. (2016). Substrate-Regulated Growth of Plasma-Polymerized Films on Carbide-Forming Metals. Langmuir, 32(42), 10835-10843. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2015). Development of negatively charged particulate surfaces through a dry plasma-assisted approach. RSC Advances, 5(17), 12910-12921. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2015). Plasma Polymer-Functionalized Silica Particles for Heavy Metals Removal. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 7(7), 4265-4274. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2015). Plasma polymerization of sulfur-rich and water-stable coatings on silica particles. Surface & Coatings Technology, 264, 72-79. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2014). Development of Oxidized Sulfur Polymer Films through a Combination of Plasma Polymerization and Oxidative Plasma Treatment. Langmuir, 30(5), 1444-1454. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2013). Evolution of Hydrophobicity in Plasma Polymerised 1,7-Octadiene Films. Plasma Processes and Polymers, 10(11), 1018-1029. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2013). Hydrophobic Plasma Polymer Coated Silica Particles for Petroleum Hydrocarbon Removal. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 5(17), 8563-8571. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2013). Tuning the hydrophobicity of plasma polymer coated silica particles. Powder Technology, 249, 403-411. [More Information]
  • Akhavan Tabatabae, B., Ashrafizadeh, F., Hassanli, A. (2011). Influence of Retained Austenite on the Mechanical Properties of Low Carbon Martensitic Stainless Steel Castings. ISIJ International, 51(3), 471-475. [More Information]

Conferences

  • Akhavan, B., Bilek, M. (2015). Controlled deposition of plasma activated coatings on zirconium substrates. SPIE Micro+Nano Materials, Devices, and Applications Symposium, Bellingham: Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). [More Information]

2018

  • Wang, Q., Akhavan, B., Jing, F., Cheng, D., Sun, H., Xie, D., Leng, Y., Bilek, M., Huang, N. (2018). Catalytic Formation of Nitric Oxide Mediated by Ti-Cu Coatings Provides Multifunctional Interfaces for Cardiovascular Applications. Advanced Materials Interfaces, 5(6), 1701487(1)-1701487(12). [More Information]
  • Stewart, C., Akhavan, B., Santos, M., Hung, J., Hawkins, C., Bao, B., Wise, S., Bilek, M. (2018). Cellular responses to radical propagation from ion-implanted plasma polymer surfaces. Applied Surface Science, 456, 701-710. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Bakhshandeh, S., Najafi-Ashtiani, H., Fluit, A., Boel, E., Vogely, C., van der Wal, B., Zadpoor, A., Weinans, H., Hennink, W., Bilek, M., et al (2018). Direct covalent attachment of silver nanoparticles on radical-rich plasma polymer films for antibacterial applications. Journal of Materials Chemistry B, 6(37), 5845-5853. [More Information]
  • Martin, L., Akhavan, B., Bilek, M. (2018). Electric fields control the orientation of peptides irreversibly immobilized on radical-functionalized surfaces. Nature Communications, 9(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Ganesan, R., Akhavan, B., Dong, X., McKenzie, D., Bilek, M. (2018). External magnetic field increases both plasma generation and deposition rate in HiPIMS. Surface & Coatings Technology, 352, 671-679. [More Information]
  • Ganesan, R., Akhavan, B., Hiob, M., McKenzie, D., Weiss, A., Bilek, M. (2018). HiPIMS carbon coatings show covalent protein binding that imparts enhanced hemocompatibility. Carbon, 139, 118-128. [More Information]
  • Stewart, C., Akhavan, B., Hung, J., Bao, B., Jang, J., Wise, S., Bilek, M. (2018). Multifunctional Protein-Immobilized Plasma Polymer Films for Orthopedic Applications. ACS Biomaterials Science and Engineering, 4(12), 4084-4094. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Michl, T., Giles, C., Ho, K., Martin, L., Sharifahmadian, O., Wise, S., Coad, B., Kumar, N., Griesser, H., Bilek, M. (2018). Plasma activated coatings with dual action against fungi and bacteria. Applied Materials Today, 12, 72-84. [More Information]
  • Kondyurin, A., Lau, K., Tang, F., Akhavan, B., Chrzanowski, W., Lord, M., Rnjak-Kovacina, J., Bilek, M. (2018). Plasma Ion Implantation of Silk Biomaterials Enabling Direct Covalent Immobilization of Bioactive Agents for Enhanced Cellular Responses. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 10(21), 17605-17616. [More Information]

2017

  • Tan, R., Chan, A., Santos, M., Filipe, E., Akhavan, B., Lee, B., Bilek, M., Wise, S., Ng, M. (2017). A Novel Bioactive Interleukin-4 Functionalised Vascular Graft That Modulates Inflammation and Inhibits Neointimal Hyperplasia. Heart, Lung and Circulation, 26, S279-S279. [More Information]
  • Ganesan, R., Akhavan, B., Partridge, J., McCulloch, D., McKenzie, D., Bilek, M. (2017). Evolution of target condition in reactive HiPIMS as a function of duty cycle: An opportunity for refractive index grading. Journal of Applied Physics, 121(17), 171909-1-171909-10. [More Information]

2016

  • Akhavan, B., Menges, B., Forch, R. (2016). Inhomogeneous Growth of Micrometer Thick Plasma Polymerized Films. Langmuir, 32(19), 4792-4799. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Wise, S., Bilek, M. (2016). Substrate-Regulated Growth of Plasma-Polymerized Films on Carbide-Forming Metals. Langmuir, 32(42), 10835-10843. [More Information]

2015

  • Akhavan, B., Bilek, M. (2015). Controlled deposition of plasma activated coatings on zirconium substrates. SPIE Micro+Nano Materials, Devices, and Applications Symposium, Bellingham: Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2015). Development of negatively charged particulate surfaces through a dry plasma-assisted approach. RSC Advances, 5(17), 12910-12921. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2015). Plasma Polymer-Functionalized Silica Particles for Heavy Metals Removal. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 7(7), 4265-4274. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2015). Plasma polymerization of sulfur-rich and water-stable coatings on silica particles. Surface & Coatings Technology, 264, 72-79. [More Information]

2014

  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2014). Development of Oxidized Sulfur Polymer Films through a Combination of Plasma Polymerization and Oxidative Plasma Treatment. Langmuir, 30(5), 1444-1454. [More Information]

2013

  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2013). Evolution of Hydrophobicity in Plasma Polymerised 1,7-Octadiene Films. Plasma Processes and Polymers, 10(11), 1018-1029. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2013). Hydrophobic Plasma Polymer Coated Silica Particles for Petroleum Hydrocarbon Removal. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 5(17), 8563-8571. [More Information]
  • Akhavan, B., Jarvis, K., Majewski, P. (2013). Tuning the hydrophobicity of plasma polymer coated silica particles. Powder Technology, 249, 403-411. [More Information]

2011

  • Akhavan Tabatabae, B., Ashrafizadeh, F., Hassanli, A. (2011). Influence of Retained Austenite on the Mechanical Properties of Low Carbon Martensitic Stainless Steel Castings. ISIJ International, 51(3), 471-475. [More Information]

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