Associate Professor Gavin Birch

Room 462

F09 - Madsen Building
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 2921

Biographical details

Gavin Birch has been successful in competitive grant applications from many granting bodies including, Australian Research Council (five large ARC grants, three small ARC grants and a large equipment grant), two Environmental Trust grants, four Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology grants, three National Heritage Trust grants, one industrial research grant and a number of smaller grants ($2.2m) as well as numerous other grants ($2.5m).

Gavin Birch has supervised 83 postgraduate and Honours students, comprising 39 Honours students; 30 Applied Masters students; and 14 MSc/PhD students. He currently supervises 3 PhD; 1 MSc, 2 Honours and 4 MApplSci students.

He has attracted PhD students from Brazil and Korea and visiting professors from China, Iran, United Kingdom, Canada and the US. Gavin has supervised students from the UK, France Germany, New Zealand and the US on extended work experience arrangements.

All environmental students have been successful in attaining quality employment in industry and academia, locally and overseas.

Research interests

In 1991 Gavin moved from the petroleum industry to the University of Sydney to undertake research in Environmental Science. He has five major ongoing research projects and is a consultant to industry and local government in these fields.

  • Assessment of impact of marine waste disposal,
  • Determining estuarine processes and developing a contaminant model for complex mixed/stratified estuaries,
  • Constructing models to quantify sediment toxicity,
  • Providing remedial options for effective stormwater management, recycling and water harvesting,
  • Developing sedimentary metals as a new ecosystem indicator for estuarine environments

Selected grants

2014

  • Testing the waters: impacts of contaminants ob ecosystem structure and function in urban waterways; Birch G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2010

  • Environmental proteomics: A new, more reliable method of measuring the effects of chemical pollution on Australias coastal ecosystems; Birch G, Raftos D, Coleman R, Haynes P, Hyne R, Taylor S; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).
  • Trace metal behaviour in the wetland soils and sediments- physical versus biochemical processes; Nath B, Birch G; DVC Research/Postdoctoral Research Fellowship Scheme.

2009

  • Stormwater harvesting and remediation of an estuarine environment; Birch G; NSW Environmental Trust/City and Country Environmental Restoration Program.
  • Hydrodynamic Modelling of Sydney Estuary; Birch G, Lee S; Parramatta River Estuary Management Committee/Research Support.

2007

  • Construct a chronologic contaminanr framework for central NSW estuaries using dated sediment cores and contaminant analyses; Birch G; Australian Institute of Nuclear Science and Engineering (AINSE)/Awards.

2006

  • Impact Of Contaminants On Estuarine And Fluvial Sediments Of Brisbane Water; Birch G; Gosford City Council/Research Grant.
  • Sydney Harbour Institute of Marine Sciences (SHIMS) - Aquarium Facility; et al V, Suthers I, Booth D, Johnston E, Coleman R, Harcourt R, Birch G, Suthers I; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Infrastructure, Equipment and Facilities (LIEF).

2005

  • Modelling contaminant dynamics in a well-mixed/stratified estuary; Birch G, Batley G, Gobas F; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).
  • 2004-Linkage - An innovative strategy for stormwater remediation and reduction of contaminant supply; Birch G, Davis B, Austen F, Baird M, Mountford J, Grocholsky A; Roads & Traffic Authority of New South Wales South Zone Maintenance Alliance/Project Support.

2004

  • An innovative strategy for stormwater remediation and reduction of contaminant supply from catchments; Birch G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Linkage Projects (LP).

2003

  • Determining the Toxicity of Sedimentary Organic Contaminants in the Marine Environment and its implications for Australia; Birch G, Gobas F; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Discovery Projects (DP).

2001

  • Alexandra Canal Sediment Assessment Project research agreement between Sydney Water and The University of Sydney; Burns B, Birch G; Sydney Water Corporation./Research Grants.

2000

  • Seasonal and spatial variation in the concentration of dissolved and particulate trace metals in port jackson estuary, NSW, australia; Birch G; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Small Grants.
  • Stormwater remediation in Port Jackson using waste products; Birch G; Environment and Heritage/Natural Heritage Trust.
  • Research Biota Monitoring agreement with Olympic Co-ordination Authority; Statzenko A, Laginestra E, Warren S, Birch G; Olympic Co-ordination Authority/BLO Project.
  • A comparison of the efficiency of various stormwater remediation devices in removing a range of contaminants from stormwater; Birch G; Environmental Protection Authority NSW/Project Support.
  • Testing the basis underpinning the proposed ANZECC sediment quality guidelines for estuarine and marine environments for Australia; Birch G, Byrne M; Australian Research Council (ARC)/Strategic Partnerships with Industry - Research and Training (SPIRT).

Selected publications

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Books

  • Birch, G., Taylor, S. (2004). Sydney Harbour and Catchment: Contaminant Status of Sydney Harbour Sediments: A Handbook for the Public and Professionals. Australia: Geological Society of Australia, Environmental, Engineering and Hydrogeology Specialist Group.

Edited Books

  • Birch, G. (2007). Water Wind Art and Debate - How environmental concerns impact on disciplinary research. Sydney: Sydney University Press.

Book Chapters

  • Reichelt-Brushett, A., Clark, M., Birch, G. (2017). Physical and Chemical Factors to Consider when Studying Historical Contamination and Pollution in Estuaries. In Kaarina Weckstrom, Krystyna M. Saunders, Peter A. Gell, C. Gregory Skilbeck (Eds.), Applications of Paleoenvironmental Techniques in Estuarine Studies, (pp. 239-276). Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media. [More Information]
  • Lee, S., Birch, G. (2014). Sydney Estuary, Australia: Geology, Anthropogenic Development and Hydrodynamic Processes/Attributes. In Eric Wolanski (Eds.), Estuaries of Australia in 2050 and beyond, (pp. 17-30). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2013). Use of Sedimentary-Metal Indicators in Assessment of Estuarine System Health. In Shroder J (Eds.), Treatise on Geomorphology, (pp. 282-291). United Kingdom: Elsevier Inc. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Russell, A., Mudge, S. (2009). Normalisation Techniques in the Forensic Assessment of Contaminated Environments. In Stephen M. Mudge (Eds.), Methods in Environmental Forensics, (pp. 251-275). Florida, USA: CRC Press. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2007). A short geological and environmental history of the Sydney estuary, Australia. In Gavin Birch (Eds.), Water Wind Art and Debate - How environmental concerns impact on disciplinary research, (pp. 214-242). Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S., Matthai, C. (2001). Role of geology in environmental science: an example of pollution assessment of the estuarine and marine environment in central NSW. In VA Gostin (Eds.), Gondwana to Greenhouse, (pp. 243-255). Sydney, NSW: Academic Press.

Journals

  • Besley, C., Birch, G. (2019). Deepwater ocean outfalls: A sustainable solution for sewage discharge for mega-coastal cities (Sydney, Australia): Influence of deepwater ocean outfalls on shelf sediment chemistry. Marine Pollution Bulletin, Article in press. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Shalem, Y., Lewtas, K., Besley, C. (2019). Metal concentrations in Sydney Cockle (Anadara trapezia) tissue and ambient sediment in a highly-modified estuary (Sydney estuary, Australia). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 144(July 2019), 299-308. [More Information]
  • Johnson, L., Bishop, T., Birch, G. (2019). Using bivariate linear mixed models to monitor the change in spatial distribution of heavy metals at the site of a historic landfill. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 191, 1-18. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2018). A review of chemical-based sediment quality assessment methodologies for the marine environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 133, 218-232. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Lee, S. (2018). Baseline physio-chemical characteristics of Sydney estuary water under quiescent conditions. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 137, 370-381. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., O'Donnell, M., McCready, S. (2018). Complex relationships between shallow muddy benthic assemblages, sediment chemistry and toxicity in estuaries in southern New South Wales, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 129(2), 573-591. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Cox, B., Besley, C. (2018). Metal concentrations in seagrass (Halophila ovalis) tissue and ambient sediment in a highly modified estuarine environment (Sydney estuary, Australia). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 131, 130-141. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Cox, B., Besley, C. (2018). The relationship between metal concentrations in seagrass (Zostera capricorni) tissue and ambient fine sediment in modified and near-pristine estuaries (Sydney estuaries, Australia). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 128, 72-81. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2017). Assessment of human-induced change and biological risk posed by contaminants in estuarine/harbour sediments: Sydney Harbour/estuary (Australia). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 116(1-2), 234-248. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2017). Determination of sediment metal background concentrations and enrichment in marine environments - A critical review. Science of the Total Environment, 580, 813-831. [More Information]
  • Laidlaw, M., Shaike, M., Gulson, B., Taylor, M., Kristensen, L., Birch, G. (2017). Estimates of potential childhood lead exposure from contaminated soil using the US EPA IEUBK Model in Sydney, Australia. Environmental Research, 156, 781-790. [More Information]
  • Johnson, L., Bishop, T., Birch, G. (2017). Modelling drivers and distribution of lead and zinc concentrations in soils of an urban catchment (Sydney estuary, Australia). Science of the Total Environment, 598, 168-178. [More Information]
  • Lee, J., Richards, R., Birch, G. (2016). A novel coupled biokinetic-equilibrium model to capture oyster metal bioaccumulation in a contaminated estuary (Sydney estuary, Australia). Environmental Modelling and Software, 82, 152-166. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Gunns, T., Chapman, D., Harrison, D. (2016). Development of an estuarine assessment scheme for the management of a highly urbanised catchment/estuary system, Sydney estuary, Australia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 188(5), 1-14. [More Information]
  • Lee, J., Birch, G., Simpson, S. (2016). Metal-contaminated resuspended sediment particles are a minor metal-uptake route for the Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) - A mesocosm study, Sydney Harbour estuary, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 104(1-2), 190-197. [More Information]
  • Raftos, D., Melwani, A., Haynes, P., Muralidharan, S., Birch, G., Amaral, V., Thompson, E., Taylor, D. (2016). The biology of environmental stress: Molecular biomarkers in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata). Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts, 18(9), 1129-1139. [More Information]
  • Lee, J., Birch, G. (2016). The mismatch of bioaccumulated trace metals (Cu, Pb and Zn) in field and transplanted oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) to ambient surficial sediments and suspended particulate matter in a highly urbanised estuary (Sydney estuary, Australia). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 188(4), 1-17. [More Information]
  • Lee, J., Birch, G., Cresswell, T., Johansen, M., Adams, M., Simpson, S. (2015). Dietary ingestion of fine sediments and microalgae represent the dominant route of exposure and metal accumulation for Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea glomerata): A biokinetic model for zinc. Aquatic Toxicology, 167, 46-54. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Nath, B., Chaudhuri, P. (2015). Effectiveness of remediation of metal-contaminated mangrove sediments (Sydney estuary, Australia). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22(8), 6185-6197. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Drage, D., Thompson, K., Eaglesham, G., Mueller, J. (2015). Emerging contaminants (pharmaceuticals, personal care products, a food additive and pesticides) in waters of Sydney estuary, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 97(1-2), 56-66. [More Information]
  • Lajus, D., Yurtseva, A., Birch, G., Booth, D. (2015). Fluctuating asymmetry as a pollution monitor: The Australian estuarine smooth toadfish Tetractenos glaber (Teleostei: Tetraodontidae). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 101(2), 758-767. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Lean, J., Gunns, T. (2015). Growth and decline of shoreline industry in Sydney estuary (Australia) and influence on adjacent estuarine sediments. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187(6), 1-17. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Lean, J., Gunns, T. (2015). Historic change in catchment land use and metal loading to Sydney estuary, Australia (1788-2010). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187(9), 1-15. [More Information]
  • Drage, D., Mueller, J., Birch, G., Eaglesham, G., Hearn, L., Harrad, S. (2015). Historical trends of PBDEs and HBCDs in sediment cores from Sydney estuary, Australia. Science of the Total Environment, 512-513, 177-184. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Gunns, T., Olmos, M. (2015). Sediment-bound metals as indicators of anthropogenic change in estuarine environments. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 101(1), 243-257. [More Information]
  • Mayer-Pinto, M., Johnston, E., Hutchings, P., Marzinelli, E., Ahyong, S., Birch, G., Booth, D., Creese, B., Doblin, M., Figueira, W., et al (2015). Sydney Harbour: A review of anthropogenic impacts on the biodiversity and ecosystem function of one of the world's largest natural harbours. Marine and Freshwater Research, 66(12), 1088-1105. [More Information]
  • Johnston, E., Mayer-Pinto, M., Hutchings, P., Marzinelli, E., Ahyong, S., Birch, G., Booth, D., Creese, B., Doblin, M., Figueira, W., et al (2015). Sydney Harbour: What we do and do not know about a highly diverse estuary. Marine and Freshwater Research, 66(12), 1073-1087. [More Information]
  • Chaudhuri, P., Nath, B., Birch, G. (2014). Accumulation of trace metals in grey mangrove Avicennia marina fine nutritive roots: The role of rhizosphere processes. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 79(1-2), 284-292. [More Information]
  • Nath, B., Chaudhuri, P., Birch, G. (2014). Assessment of biotic response to heavy metal contamination in Avicennia marina mangrove ecosystems in Sydney Estuary, Australia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 107, 284-290. [More Information]
  • Nath, B., Birch, G., Chaudhuri, P. (2014). Assessment of sediment quality in Avicennia marina-dominated embayments of Sydney estuary: The potential use of pneumatophores (aerial roots) as bio-indicators of estuarine contamination. Science of the Total Environment, 472, 1010-1022. [More Information]
  • Lewtas, K., Birch, G., Foster Thorpe, C. (2014). Metal accumulation in the greentail prawn, Metapenaeus bennettae, in Sydney and Port Hacking estuaries, Australia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(1), 704-716. [More Information]
  • Shaike, M., Nath, B., Birch, G. (2014). Partitioning of trace elements in contaminated estuarine sediments: The role of environmental settings. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 110, 246-253. [More Information]
  • Liu, E., Yan, T., Birch, G., Zhu, Y. (2014). Pollution and health risk of potentially toxic metals in urban road dust in Nanjing, a mega-city of China. Science of the Total Environment, 476-477, 522-531. [More Information]
  • Sezmis, A., Birch, G., Covaci, A. (2014). Relationships between dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like biphenyls (dl-PCBs) congener concentrations in aquatic organisms from Sydney Estuary, Australia and physiology, spatial, seasonality, trophodynamic and life history traits. Science of the Total Environment, 490, 50-58. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Melwani, A., Lee, J., Apostolatos, C. (2014). The discrepancy in concentration of metals (Cu, Pb and Zn) in oyster tissue (Saccostrea glomerata) and ambient bottom sediment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 80(1-2), 263-274. [More Information]
  • Becker, H., Birch, G. (2014). The nature and source of irregular discharges to stormwater entering Sydney estuary, Australia. Environmental Pollution, 188, 172-176. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Scammell, M., Besley, C. (2014). The recovery of oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) populations in Sydney estuary (Australia). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(1), 766-773. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Apostolatos, C., Taylor, S. (2013). A remarkable recovery in the Sydney Rock Oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) population in a highly urbanised estuary (Sydney Estuary, Australia). Journal of Coastal Research, 29(5), 1009-1015. [More Information]
  • Beck, H., Birch, G. (2013). The magnitude of variability produced by methods used to estimate annual stormwater contaminant loads for highly urbanised catchments. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185(6), 5209-5220. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Chang, C., Lee, J., Churchill, L. (2013). The use of vintage surficial sediment data and sedimentary cores to determine past and future trends in estuarine metal contamination (Sydney estuary, Australia). Science of the Total Environment, 454-455, 542-561. [More Information]
  • Nath, B., Birch, G., Chaudhuri, P. (2013). Trace metal biogeochemistry in mangrove ecosystems: A comparative assessment of acidified (by acid sulfate soils) and non-acidified sites. Science of the Total Environment, 463-464, 667-674. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Apostolatos, C. (2013). Use of sedimentary metals to predict metal concentrations in black mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) tissue and risk to human health (Sydney estuary, Australia). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20, 5481-5491. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Olmos, M., Lu, X. (2012). Assessment of future anthropogenic change and associated benthic risk in coastal environments using sedimentary metal indicators. Journal of Environmental Management, 107, 64-75. [More Information]
  • Liu, E., Birch, G., Shen, J., Yuan, H., Zhang, E., Cao, Y. (2012). Comprehensive evaluation of heavy metal contamination in surface and core sediments of Taihu Lake, the third largest freshwater lake in China. Environmental Earth Sciences, 67(1), 39-51. [More Information]
  • Liu, E., Shen, J., Birch, G., Yang, X., Wu, Y., Xue, B. (2012). Human-induced change in sedimentary trace metals and phosphorus in Chaohu Lake, China, over the past half-millennium. Journal of Paleolimnology, 47(4), 677-691. [More Information]
  • Beck, H., Birch, G. (2012). Metals, nutrients and total suspended solids discharged during different flow conditions in highly urbanised catchments. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184(2), 637-653. [More Information]
  • Thompson, E., Taylor, D., Nair, S., Birch, G., Coleman, R., Raftos, D. (2012). Optimal acclimation periods for oysters in laboratory-based experiments. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 78, 304-307. [More Information]
  • Kavanagh, J., Teresa, M., Carrasco, C., Riad, M., Birch, G. (2012). Particle capture models: Comparison with experimental data. ANZIAM Journal, 53, C249-C265. [More Information]
  • Thompson, E., Taylor, D., Nair, S., Birch, G., Hose, G., Raftos, D. (2012). Proteomic analysis of Sydney Rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) exposed to metal contamination in the field. Environmental Pollution, 170, 102-112. [More Information]
  • Thompson, E., Taylor, D., Nair, S., Birch, G., Haynes, P., Raftos, D. (2012). Proteomic discovery of biomarkers of metal contamination in Sydney Rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata). Aquatic Toxicology, 109, 202-212. [More Information]
  • Hunt, J., Birch, G., Warne, M. (2012). Quantifying Reduction in Ecological Risk in Penrhyn Estuary, Sydney, Australia, Following Groundwater Remediation. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 8(1), 98-106. [More Information]
  • Muralidharan, S., Thompson, E., Raftos, D., Birch, G., Haynes, P. (2012). Quantitative proteomics of heavy metal stress responses in Sydney rock oysters. Proteomics, 12, 906-921. [More Information]
  • Beck, H., Birch, G. (2012). Spatial and temporal variance of metal and suspended solids relationships in urban stormwater - Implications for monitoring. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 223(3), 1005-1015. [More Information]
  • Lee, S., Birch, G. (2012). Utilising monitoring and modelling of estuarine environments to investigate catchment conditions responsible for stratification events in a typically well-mixed urbanised estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 111, 1-16. [More Information]
  • Thompson, E., Taylor, D., Nair, S., Birch, G., Haynes, P., Raftos, D. (2011). A proteomic analysis of the effects of metal contamination on Sydney Rock Oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) haemolymph. Aquatic Toxicology, 103, 241-249. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2011). Contaminated soil and sediments in a highly developed catchment-estuary system (Sydney estuary, Australia): an innovative stormwater remediation strategy. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 11(1), 194-208. [More Information]
  • Lee, S., Birch, G., Lemckert, C. (2011). Field and modelling investigations of fresh-water plume behaviour in response to infrequent high-precipitation events, Sydney Estuary, Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 92(3), 389-402. [More Information]
  • Nath, B., Maity, J., Jean, J., Birch, G., Kar, S., Yang, H., Lee, M., Hazra, R., Chatterjee, D. (2011). Geochemical characterization of arsenic-affected alluvial aquifers of the Bengal Delta (West Bengal and Bangladesh) and Chianan Plains (SW Taiwan): Implications for human health. Applied Geochemistry, 26(5), 705-713. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Hogg, T. (2011). Sediment quality guidelines for copper and zinc for filter-feeding estuarine oysters? Environmental Pollution, 159, 108-115. [More Information]
  • Davis, B., Birch, G. (2011). Spatial Distribution of Bulk Atmospheric Deposition of Heavy Metals in Metropolitan Sydney, Australia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 214(1-4), 147-162. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Vanderhayden, M., Olmos, M. (2011). The Nature and Distribution of Metals in Soils of the Sydney Estuary Catchment, Australia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 216(1-4), 581-604. [More Information]
  • Olmos, M., Birch, G. (2010). A novel method using sedimentary metals and GIS for measuring anthropogenic change in coastal lake environments. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 17(2), 270-287. [More Information]
  • Davis, B., Birch, G. (2010). Comparison of heavy metal loads in stormwater runoff from major and minor urban roads using pollutant yield rating curves. Environmental Pollution, 158(8), 2541-2545. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Cruickshank, B., Davis, B. (2010). Modelling nutrient loads to Sydney estuary (Australia). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 167(1-4), 333-348. [More Information]
  • Hunt, J., Birch, G., Warne, M. (2010). Site-specific probabilistic ecological risk assessment of a volatile chlorinated hydrocarbon-contaminated tidal estuary. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 29(5), 1172-1181. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Rochford, L. (2010). Stormwater metal loading to a well-mixed/stratified estuary (Sydney Estuary, Australia) and management implications. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 169(1-4), 531-551. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., McCready, S. (2009). Catchment condition as a major control on the quality of receiving basin sediments (Sydney Harbour, Australia). Science of the Total Environment, 407(8), 2820-2835. [More Information]
  • Davis, B., Birch, G. (2009). Catchment-wide assessment of the cost-effectiveness of stormwater remediation measures in urban areas. Environmental Science and Policy, 12(1), 84-91. [More Information]
  • Hunt, J., Birch, G., Warne, M., Krassoi, R. (2009). Direct toxicity assessment of volatile chlorinated hydrocarbon-contaminated groundwater and derivation of a site-specific guideline. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 5(2), 338-348. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Matthai, C. (2009). Efficiency of a continuous deflective separation (CDS) unit in removing contaminants from urban stormwater. Urban Water Journal, 6(4), 313-321. [More Information]
  • Hunt, J., Birch, G., Warne, M., Krassoi, R. (2009). Evaluation of a methodology for toxicity testing of volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons on marine organisms. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 82(6), 743-748. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Hutson, P. (2009). Use of Sediment Risk and Ecological/Conservation Value for Strategic Management of Estuarine Environments: Sydney Estuary, Australia. Environmental Management, 44(4), 836-850. [More Information]
  • Golding, C., Gobas, F., Birch, G. (2008). A fugacity approach for assessing the bioaccumulation of hydrophobic organic compounds from estuarine sediment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 27(5), 1047-1054. [More Information]
  • Olmos, M., Birch, G. (2008). Application of sediment-bound heavy metals in studies of estuarine health: a case study of Brisbane Water estuary, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 55(5), 641-654. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., McCready, S., Long, E., Taylor, S., Spyrakis, G. (2008). Contaminant chemistry and toxicity of sediments in Sydney Harbour, Australia: spatial extent and chemistry-toxicity relationships. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 363, 71-87. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Olmos, M. (2008). Sediment-bound heavy metals as indicators of human influence and biological risk in coastal water bodies. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65(8), 1407-1413. [More Information]
  • Golding, C., Gobas, F., Birch, G. (2007). Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon bioavailability in estuarine sediments using thin-film extraction. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 26(5), 829-836. [More Information]
  • Hunt, J., Birch, G., Warne, M. (2007). Deriving Trigger Values for, and Assessing Hazard Posed by, Volatile Chlorinated Hydrocarbons in a Sydney Estuary. Australasian Journal of Ecotoxicology, 13, 33-42.
  • Birch, G., O'Hea, L. (2007). The chemistry of suspended particulate material in a highly contaminated embayment of Port Jackson (Australia) under quiescent, high-wind and heavy-rainfall conditions. Environmental Geology: International Journal of Geosciences, 53(3), 501-516. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Harrington, C., Symons, R., Hunt, J. (2007). The Source and Distribution of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxin and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans in Sediments of Port Jackson, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 54(3), 295-308. [More Information]
  • McCready, S., Birch, G., Long, E., Spyrakis, G., Greely, C. (2006). An evaluation of Australian sediment quality guidelines. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 50, 306-315. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Matthai, C., Fazeli, M. (2006). Efficiency of a retention/detention basin to remove contaminants from urban stormwater. Urban Water Journal, 3(2), 69-77. [More Information]
  • Gillis, A., Birch, G. (2006). Investigation of anthropogenic trace metals in sediments of Lake Illawarra, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 53(4), 523-539.
  • McCready, S., Birch, G., Long, E. (2006). Metallic and organic contaminents in sediments of Sydney Harbour and vicinity - A chemical dataset for evaluating sediment quality guidelines. Environment International, 32, 455-465. [More Information]
  • McCready, S., Birch, G., Long, E., Spyrakis, G., Greely, C. (2006). Predictive abilities of numerical sediment quality guidelines in Sydney Harbour, Australia, and vicinity. Environment International, 32(5), 638-649. [More Information]
  • McCready, S., Birch, G., Spyrakis, G., Greely, C., Long, E. (2006). Relationships between toxicity and concentrations of chemical contaminants in sediments from Sydney Harbour, Australia, and vicinity. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 120(1-Mar), 187-220. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Fazeli, M., Matthai, C. (2005). Efficiency of an infliltration basin in removing contatinants from urban stormwater. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 101(1-3), 23-38. [More Information]
  • Golding, C., Smernik, R., Birch, G. (2005). Investigation of the role of structural domains identified in sedimentary organic matter in the sorption of hydrophobic organic compounds. Environmental Science and Technology, 39(11), 3925-3932. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Greely, C., Hyne, R., Long, E., McCready, S. (2005). Sensitivity of an indigenous amphipod (Corophium colo) to chemical contaminants in laboratory toxicity tests conducted with sediments from Sydney Harbor, Australia, and vicinity. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 24(10), 2545-2552. [More Information]
  • Suh, J., Birch, G. (2005). Use of grain-size and elemental normalisation in the interpretation of trace metal concentrations in soils of the reclaimed area adjoining Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 160, 357-371. [More Information]
  • Golding, C., Smernik, R., Birch, G. (2004). Characterisation Of Sedimentary Organic Matter From Three South-Eastern Australian Estuaries Using Solid-State C-13-Nmr Techniques. Marine and Freshwater Research, 55(3), 285-293. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Matthai, C., Fazeli, M., Suh, J. (2004). Efficiency Of A Constructed Wetland In Removing Contaminants From Stormwater. Wetlands: the journal of the Society of Wetland Scientists, 24(2), 459-466. [More Information]
  • Taylor, S., Birch, G., Links, F. (2004). Historical Catchment Changes And Temporal Impact On Sediment Of The Receiving Basin, Port Jackson, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 51(2), 233-246. [More Information]
  • Suh, J., Birch, G., Hughes, K. (2004). Hydrochemistry In Reclaimed Lands Of The 2000 Olympic Games Site, Sydney Australia. Journal of Coastal Research, 20(3), 709-721.
  • Suh, J., Birch, G., Hughes, K., Matthai, C. (2004). Spatial Distribution And Source Of Heavy Metals In Reclaimed Lands Of Homebush Bay: The Venue Of The 2000 Olympic Games, Sydney, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 51(1), 53-66. [More Information]
  • Snowdon, R., Birch, G. (2004). The Nature And Distribution Of Copper, Lead, And Zinc In Soils Of A Highly Urbanised Sub-Catchment (Iron Cove) Of Port Jackson, Sydney. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 42(3), 329-338. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Snowdon, R. (2004). The Use Of Size-Normalisation Techniques In Interpretation Of Soil Contaminant Distributions. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 157(1-4), 1-12. [More Information]
  • McCready, S., Spyrakis, G., Greely, C., Birch, G., Long, E. (2004). Toxicity Of Surficial Sediments From Sydney Harbour And Vicinity, Australia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 96(1-3), 53-83. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2003). A test of normalization methods for marine sediment, including a new post-extraction normalization (PEN) technique. Hydrobiologia, 492, 5-13. [More Information]
  • Hatje, V., Apte, S., Hales, L., Birch, G. (2003). Dissolved trace metal distributions in Port Jackson estuary (Sydney Harbour), Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46(6), 719-730. [More Information]
  • McCready, S., Birch, G., Taylor, S. (2003). Extraction of heavy metals in Sydney Harbour sediments using 1M HCl and 0.05M EDTA and implications for sediment-quality guidelines. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 50, 249-255. [More Information]
  • Suh, J., Brown, P., Birch, G. (2003). Geochemical factors affecting leachate composition derived from soils in reclaimed lands using laboratory fresh and saline water column experiments. Marine and Freshwater Research, 54(7), 885-893. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Scollen, A. (2003). Heavy metals in road dust, gully pots and parkland soils in a highly urbanised sub-catchment of Port Jackson, Australia. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 41(7), 1329-1342. [More Information]
  • Simonovski, J., Owens, C., Birch, G. (2003). Heavy metals in sediments of the Upper Hawkesbury-Nepean River. Australian Geographical Studies, 41(2), 196-207. [More Information]
  • Suh, J., Brown, P., Birch, G. (2003). Hydrogeochemical characteristics and importance of natural and anthropogenic influences on soil and groundwater in recalimed land adjacent to Port Jackson,Sydney, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research, 54(6), 767-779. [More Information]
  • Hatje, V., Payne, T., Hill, D., McOrist, G., Birch, G., Szymczak, R. (2003). Kinetics of trace element uptake and release by particles inestuarine waters: effects of pH, salinity, and particle loading. Environment International, 29(5), 619-629. [More Information]
  • Mudge, S., Birch, G., Matthai, C. (2003). The Effect of Grain Size and Element Concentration in Identifying Contaminant Sources. Environmental Forensics, 4(4), 305-312. [More Information]
  • Matthai, C., Birch, G., Bickford, G. (2002). Anthropogenic trace metals in sediment and settling particulate matter on a high-energy continental shelf (Sydney, Australia). Marine Environmental Research, , 99-127. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S. (2002). Application of sediment quality guidelines in the assessment and management of contaminated surficial sediments in Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour), Australia. Environmental Management, 29(6), 860-870.
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S. (2002). Assessment of possible sediment toxicity of contaminated sediments in Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia. Hydrobiologia, 472, 19-27. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Rochford, L., Simpson, S. (2002). Geochemical influences on metal partitioning in contaminated estuarine sediments. Marine and Freshwater Research, , 9-17. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S. (2002). Possible biological significance of contaminated sediments in Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 77, 179-190. [More Information]
  • Matthai, C., Birch, G. (2001). Detection of Anthropogenic Cu, Pb and Zn in Continental Shelf Sediments off Sydney, Australia - a New Approach Using Normalisation with Cobalt. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42, no. 11, 1055-1063.
  • Barry, S., Taylor, S., Birch, G. (2001). Heavy metal supply to the Port Jackson Estuary, Australia by stormwater. Australian Journal of Water Resources, 4(2), 147-154.
  • Birch, G., Matthai, C., Jenkinson,, A., Heijnis,, H. (2001). Physical resuspension and vertical mixing of sediments on a high energy continental margin (Sydney, Australia). Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 52, 67-89.
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S., Matthai, C. (2001). Small-scale spatial and temporal variance in the concentration of heavy metals in acquatic sediments: a review and some new concepts. Environmental Pollution, 113, 357-372.
  • Birch, G., Hatje, V., Hill,, D. (2001). Spatial and temporal variabiligy of particulate trace metals in Port Jackson Estuary, Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 53, 63-77.
  • Birch, G., Siaka, M., Owens, C. (2001). The source of anthropogenic heavy metals in fluvial sediments of a rural catchment: Cox's River, Australia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 126, 13-35.
  • Birch, G., Hatje, V., Rae, K. (2001). Trace metal and total suspended solids concentrations in freshwater: the importance of small-scale temporal variation. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 3, 251-256.

Conferences

  • Birch, G., Davies, K. (2003). A scheme for assessing human impact and sediment quality in coastal waterways. Coastal GIS 2003: an integreated approach to Australian coastal issues, Wollongong: University of Wollongong.
  • Davies, K., Birch, G. (2003). GIS-based evaluation of the condition of some New SOuth Wales estuaries. Coastal GIS 2003: an integreated approach to Australian coastal issues, Wollongong: University of Wollongong.

Report

  • Hedge, L., Johnston, E., Ahyong, S., Birch, G., Booth, D., Creese, B., Doblin, M., Figueira, W., Pinto, M., Hutchings, P., et al (2014). Sydney Harbour: A systematic review of the science 2014.

2019

  • Besley, C., Birch, G. (2019). Deepwater ocean outfalls: A sustainable solution for sewage discharge for mega-coastal cities (Sydney, Australia): Influence of deepwater ocean outfalls on shelf sediment chemistry. Marine Pollution Bulletin, Article in press. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Shalem, Y., Lewtas, K., Besley, C. (2019). Metal concentrations in Sydney Cockle (Anadara trapezia) tissue and ambient sediment in a highly-modified estuary (Sydney estuary, Australia). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 144(July 2019), 299-308. [More Information]
  • Johnson, L., Bishop, T., Birch, G. (2019). Using bivariate linear mixed models to monitor the change in spatial distribution of heavy metals at the site of a historic landfill. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 191, 1-18. [More Information]

2018

  • Birch, G. (2018). A review of chemical-based sediment quality assessment methodologies for the marine environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 133, 218-232. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Lee, S. (2018). Baseline physio-chemical characteristics of Sydney estuary water under quiescent conditions. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 137, 370-381. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., O'Donnell, M., McCready, S. (2018). Complex relationships between shallow muddy benthic assemblages, sediment chemistry and toxicity in estuaries in southern New South Wales, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 129(2), 573-591. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Cox, B., Besley, C. (2018). Metal concentrations in seagrass (Halophila ovalis) tissue and ambient sediment in a highly modified estuarine environment (Sydney estuary, Australia). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 131, 130-141. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Cox, B., Besley, C. (2018). The relationship between metal concentrations in seagrass (Zostera capricorni) tissue and ambient fine sediment in modified and near-pristine estuaries (Sydney estuaries, Australia). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 128, 72-81. [More Information]

2017

  • Birch, G. (2017). Assessment of human-induced change and biological risk posed by contaminants in estuarine/harbour sediments: Sydney Harbour/estuary (Australia). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 116(1-2), 234-248. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2017). Determination of sediment metal background concentrations and enrichment in marine environments - A critical review. Science of the Total Environment, 580, 813-831. [More Information]
  • Laidlaw, M., Shaike, M., Gulson, B., Taylor, M., Kristensen, L., Birch, G. (2017). Estimates of potential childhood lead exposure from contaminated soil using the US EPA IEUBK Model in Sydney, Australia. Environmental Research, 156, 781-790. [More Information]
  • Johnson, L., Bishop, T., Birch, G. (2017). Modelling drivers and distribution of lead and zinc concentrations in soils of an urban catchment (Sydney estuary, Australia). Science of the Total Environment, 598, 168-178. [More Information]
  • Reichelt-Brushett, A., Clark, M., Birch, G. (2017). Physical and Chemical Factors to Consider when Studying Historical Contamination and Pollution in Estuaries. In Kaarina Weckstrom, Krystyna M. Saunders, Peter A. Gell, C. Gregory Skilbeck (Eds.), Applications of Paleoenvironmental Techniques in Estuarine Studies, (pp. 239-276). Dordrecht: Springer Science+Business Media. [More Information]

2016

  • Lee, J., Richards, R., Birch, G. (2016). A novel coupled biokinetic-equilibrium model to capture oyster metal bioaccumulation in a contaminated estuary (Sydney estuary, Australia). Environmental Modelling and Software, 82, 152-166. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Gunns, T., Chapman, D., Harrison, D. (2016). Development of an estuarine assessment scheme for the management of a highly urbanised catchment/estuary system, Sydney estuary, Australia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 188(5), 1-14. [More Information]
  • Lee, J., Birch, G., Simpson, S. (2016). Metal-contaminated resuspended sediment particles are a minor metal-uptake route for the Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) - A mesocosm study, Sydney Harbour estuary, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 104(1-2), 190-197. [More Information]
  • Raftos, D., Melwani, A., Haynes, P., Muralidharan, S., Birch, G., Amaral, V., Thompson, E., Taylor, D. (2016). The biology of environmental stress: Molecular biomarkers in Sydney rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata). Environmental Science: Processes and Impacts, 18(9), 1129-1139. [More Information]
  • Lee, J., Birch, G. (2016). The mismatch of bioaccumulated trace metals (Cu, Pb and Zn) in field and transplanted oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) to ambient surficial sediments and suspended particulate matter in a highly urbanised estuary (Sydney estuary, Australia). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 188(4), 1-17. [More Information]

2015

  • Lee, J., Birch, G., Cresswell, T., Johansen, M., Adams, M., Simpson, S. (2015). Dietary ingestion of fine sediments and microalgae represent the dominant route of exposure and metal accumulation for Sydney rock oyster (Saccostrea glomerata): A biokinetic model for zinc. Aquatic Toxicology, 167, 46-54. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Nath, B., Chaudhuri, P. (2015). Effectiveness of remediation of metal-contaminated mangrove sediments (Sydney estuary, Australia). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 22(8), 6185-6197. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Drage, D., Thompson, K., Eaglesham, G., Mueller, J. (2015). Emerging contaminants (pharmaceuticals, personal care products, a food additive and pesticides) in waters of Sydney estuary, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 97(1-2), 56-66. [More Information]
  • Lajus, D., Yurtseva, A., Birch, G., Booth, D. (2015). Fluctuating asymmetry as a pollution monitor: The Australian estuarine smooth toadfish Tetractenos glaber (Teleostei: Tetraodontidae). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 101(2), 758-767. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Lean, J., Gunns, T. (2015). Growth and decline of shoreline industry in Sydney estuary (Australia) and influence on adjacent estuarine sediments. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187(6), 1-17. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Lean, J., Gunns, T. (2015). Historic change in catchment land use and metal loading to Sydney estuary, Australia (1788-2010). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 187(9), 1-15. [More Information]
  • Drage, D., Mueller, J., Birch, G., Eaglesham, G., Hearn, L., Harrad, S. (2015). Historical trends of PBDEs and HBCDs in sediment cores from Sydney estuary, Australia. Science of the Total Environment, 512-513, 177-184. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Gunns, T., Olmos, M. (2015). Sediment-bound metals as indicators of anthropogenic change in estuarine environments. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 101(1), 243-257. [More Information]
  • Mayer-Pinto, M., Johnston, E., Hutchings, P., Marzinelli, E., Ahyong, S., Birch, G., Booth, D., Creese, B., Doblin, M., Figueira, W., et al (2015). Sydney Harbour: A review of anthropogenic impacts on the biodiversity and ecosystem function of one of the world's largest natural harbours. Marine and Freshwater Research, 66(12), 1088-1105. [More Information]
  • Johnston, E., Mayer-Pinto, M., Hutchings, P., Marzinelli, E., Ahyong, S., Birch, G., Booth, D., Creese, B., Doblin, M., Figueira, W., et al (2015). Sydney Harbour: What we do and do not know about a highly diverse estuary. Marine and Freshwater Research, 66(12), 1073-1087. [More Information]

2014

  • Chaudhuri, P., Nath, B., Birch, G. (2014). Accumulation of trace metals in grey mangrove Avicennia marina fine nutritive roots: The role of rhizosphere processes. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 79(1-2), 284-292. [More Information]
  • Nath, B., Chaudhuri, P., Birch, G. (2014). Assessment of biotic response to heavy metal contamination in Avicennia marina mangrove ecosystems in Sydney Estuary, Australia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 107, 284-290. [More Information]
  • Nath, B., Birch, G., Chaudhuri, P. (2014). Assessment of sediment quality in Avicennia marina-dominated embayments of Sydney estuary: The potential use of pneumatophores (aerial roots) as bio-indicators of estuarine contamination. Science of the Total Environment, 472, 1010-1022. [More Information]
  • Lewtas, K., Birch, G., Foster Thorpe, C. (2014). Metal accumulation in the greentail prawn, Metapenaeus bennettae, in Sydney and Port Hacking estuaries, Australia. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(1), 704-716. [More Information]
  • Shaike, M., Nath, B., Birch, G. (2014). Partitioning of trace elements in contaminated estuarine sediments: The role of environmental settings. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 110, 246-253. [More Information]
  • Liu, E., Yan, T., Birch, G., Zhu, Y. (2014). Pollution and health risk of potentially toxic metals in urban road dust in Nanjing, a mega-city of China. Science of the Total Environment, 476-477, 522-531. [More Information]
  • Sezmis, A., Birch, G., Covaci, A. (2014). Relationships between dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (PCDFs) and dioxin-like biphenyls (dl-PCBs) congener concentrations in aquatic organisms from Sydney Estuary, Australia and physiology, spatial, seasonality, trophodynamic and life history traits. Science of the Total Environment, 490, 50-58. [More Information]
  • Lee, S., Birch, G. (2014). Sydney Estuary, Australia: Geology, Anthropogenic Development and Hydrodynamic Processes/Attributes. In Eric Wolanski (Eds.), Estuaries of Australia in 2050 and beyond, (pp. 17-30). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. [More Information]
  • Hedge, L., Johnston, E., Ahyong, S., Birch, G., Booth, D., Creese, B., Doblin, M., Figueira, W., Pinto, M., Hutchings, P., et al (2014). Sydney Harbour: A systematic review of the science 2014.
  • Birch, G., Melwani, A., Lee, J., Apostolatos, C. (2014). The discrepancy in concentration of metals (Cu, Pb and Zn) in oyster tissue (Saccostrea glomerata) and ambient bottom sediment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 80(1-2), 263-274. [More Information]
  • Becker, H., Birch, G. (2014). The nature and source of irregular discharges to stormwater entering Sydney estuary, Australia. Environmental Pollution, 188, 172-176. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Scammell, M., Besley, C. (2014). The recovery of oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) populations in Sydney estuary (Australia). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 21(1), 766-773. [More Information]

2013

  • Birch, G., Apostolatos, C., Taylor, S. (2013). A remarkable recovery in the Sydney Rock Oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) population in a highly urbanised estuary (Sydney Estuary, Australia). Journal of Coastal Research, 29(5), 1009-1015. [More Information]
  • Beck, H., Birch, G. (2013). The magnitude of variability produced by methods used to estimate annual stormwater contaminant loads for highly urbanised catchments. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 185(6), 5209-5220. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Chang, C., Lee, J., Churchill, L. (2013). The use of vintage surficial sediment data and sedimentary cores to determine past and future trends in estuarine metal contamination (Sydney estuary, Australia). Science of the Total Environment, 454-455, 542-561. [More Information]
  • Nath, B., Birch, G., Chaudhuri, P. (2013). Trace metal biogeochemistry in mangrove ecosystems: A comparative assessment of acidified (by acid sulfate soils) and non-acidified sites. Science of the Total Environment, 463-464, 667-674. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Apostolatos, C. (2013). Use of sedimentary metals to predict metal concentrations in black mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) tissue and risk to human health (Sydney estuary, Australia). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 20, 5481-5491. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2013). Use of Sedimentary-Metal Indicators in Assessment of Estuarine System Health. In Shroder J (Eds.), Treatise on Geomorphology, (pp. 282-291). United Kingdom: Elsevier Inc. [More Information]

2012

  • Birch, G., Olmos, M., Lu, X. (2012). Assessment of future anthropogenic change and associated benthic risk in coastal environments using sedimentary metal indicators. Journal of Environmental Management, 107, 64-75. [More Information]
  • Liu, E., Birch, G., Shen, J., Yuan, H., Zhang, E., Cao, Y. (2012). Comprehensive evaluation of heavy metal contamination in surface and core sediments of Taihu Lake, the third largest freshwater lake in China. Environmental Earth Sciences, 67(1), 39-51. [More Information]
  • Liu, E., Shen, J., Birch, G., Yang, X., Wu, Y., Xue, B. (2012). Human-induced change in sedimentary trace metals and phosphorus in Chaohu Lake, China, over the past half-millennium. Journal of Paleolimnology, 47(4), 677-691. [More Information]
  • Beck, H., Birch, G. (2012). Metals, nutrients and total suspended solids discharged during different flow conditions in highly urbanised catchments. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 184(2), 637-653. [More Information]
  • Thompson, E., Taylor, D., Nair, S., Birch, G., Coleman, R., Raftos, D. (2012). Optimal acclimation periods for oysters in laboratory-based experiments. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 78, 304-307. [More Information]
  • Kavanagh, J., Teresa, M., Carrasco, C., Riad, M., Birch, G. (2012). Particle capture models: Comparison with experimental data. ANZIAM Journal, 53, C249-C265. [More Information]
  • Thompson, E., Taylor, D., Nair, S., Birch, G., Hose, G., Raftos, D. (2012). Proteomic analysis of Sydney Rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata) exposed to metal contamination in the field. Environmental Pollution, 170, 102-112. [More Information]
  • Thompson, E., Taylor, D., Nair, S., Birch, G., Haynes, P., Raftos, D. (2012). Proteomic discovery of biomarkers of metal contamination in Sydney Rock oysters (Saccostrea glomerata). Aquatic Toxicology, 109, 202-212. [More Information]
  • Hunt, J., Birch, G., Warne, M. (2012). Quantifying Reduction in Ecological Risk in Penrhyn Estuary, Sydney, Australia, Following Groundwater Remediation. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 8(1), 98-106. [More Information]
  • Muralidharan, S., Thompson, E., Raftos, D., Birch, G., Haynes, P. (2012). Quantitative proteomics of heavy metal stress responses in Sydney rock oysters. Proteomics, 12, 906-921. [More Information]
  • Beck, H., Birch, G. (2012). Spatial and temporal variance of metal and suspended solids relationships in urban stormwater - Implications for monitoring. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 223(3), 1005-1015. [More Information]
  • Lee, S., Birch, G. (2012). Utilising monitoring and modelling of estuarine environments to investigate catchment conditions responsible for stratification events in a typically well-mixed urbanised estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 111, 1-16. [More Information]

2011

  • Thompson, E., Taylor, D., Nair, S., Birch, G., Haynes, P., Raftos, D. (2011). A proteomic analysis of the effects of metal contamination on Sydney Rock Oyster (Saccostrea glomerata) haemolymph. Aquatic Toxicology, 103, 241-249. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2011). Contaminated soil and sediments in a highly developed catchment-estuary system (Sydney estuary, Australia): an innovative stormwater remediation strategy. Journal of Soils and Sediments, 11(1), 194-208. [More Information]
  • Lee, S., Birch, G., Lemckert, C. (2011). Field and modelling investigations of fresh-water plume behaviour in response to infrequent high-precipitation events, Sydney Estuary, Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 92(3), 389-402. [More Information]
  • Nath, B., Maity, J., Jean, J., Birch, G., Kar, S., Yang, H., Lee, M., Hazra, R., Chatterjee, D. (2011). Geochemical characterization of arsenic-affected alluvial aquifers of the Bengal Delta (West Bengal and Bangladesh) and Chianan Plains (SW Taiwan): Implications for human health. Applied Geochemistry, 26(5), 705-713. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Hogg, T. (2011). Sediment quality guidelines for copper and zinc for filter-feeding estuarine oysters? Environmental Pollution, 159, 108-115. [More Information]
  • Davis, B., Birch, G. (2011). Spatial Distribution of Bulk Atmospheric Deposition of Heavy Metals in Metropolitan Sydney, Australia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 214(1-4), 147-162. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Vanderhayden, M., Olmos, M. (2011). The Nature and Distribution of Metals in Soils of the Sydney Estuary Catchment, Australia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 216(1-4), 581-604. [More Information]

2010

  • Olmos, M., Birch, G. (2010). A novel method using sedimentary metals and GIS for measuring anthropogenic change in coastal lake environments. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 17(2), 270-287. [More Information]
  • Davis, B., Birch, G. (2010). Comparison of heavy metal loads in stormwater runoff from major and minor urban roads using pollutant yield rating curves. Environmental Pollution, 158(8), 2541-2545. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Cruickshank, B., Davis, B. (2010). Modelling nutrient loads to Sydney estuary (Australia). Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 167(1-4), 333-348. [More Information]
  • Hunt, J., Birch, G., Warne, M. (2010). Site-specific probabilistic ecological risk assessment of a volatile chlorinated hydrocarbon-contaminated tidal estuary. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 29(5), 1172-1181. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Rochford, L. (2010). Stormwater metal loading to a well-mixed/stratified estuary (Sydney Estuary, Australia) and management implications. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 169(1-4), 531-551. [More Information]

2009

  • Birch, G., McCready, S. (2009). Catchment condition as a major control on the quality of receiving basin sediments (Sydney Harbour, Australia). Science of the Total Environment, 407(8), 2820-2835. [More Information]
  • Davis, B., Birch, G. (2009). Catchment-wide assessment of the cost-effectiveness of stormwater remediation measures in urban areas. Environmental Science and Policy, 12(1), 84-91. [More Information]
  • Hunt, J., Birch, G., Warne, M., Krassoi, R. (2009). Direct toxicity assessment of volatile chlorinated hydrocarbon-contaminated groundwater and derivation of a site-specific guideline. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management, 5(2), 338-348. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Matthai, C. (2009). Efficiency of a continuous deflective separation (CDS) unit in removing contaminants from urban stormwater. Urban Water Journal, 6(4), 313-321. [More Information]
  • Hunt, J., Birch, G., Warne, M., Krassoi, R. (2009). Evaluation of a methodology for toxicity testing of volatile chlorinated hydrocarbons on marine organisms. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 82(6), 743-748. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Russell, A., Mudge, S. (2009). Normalisation Techniques in the Forensic Assessment of Contaminated Environments. In Stephen M. Mudge (Eds.), Methods in Environmental Forensics, (pp. 251-275). Florida, USA: CRC Press. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Hutson, P. (2009). Use of Sediment Risk and Ecological/Conservation Value for Strategic Management of Estuarine Environments: Sydney Estuary, Australia. Environmental Management, 44(4), 836-850. [More Information]

2008

  • Golding, C., Gobas, F., Birch, G. (2008). A fugacity approach for assessing the bioaccumulation of hydrophobic organic compounds from estuarine sediment. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 27(5), 1047-1054. [More Information]
  • Olmos, M., Birch, G. (2008). Application of sediment-bound heavy metals in studies of estuarine health: a case study of Brisbane Water estuary, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 55(5), 641-654. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., McCready, S., Long, E., Taylor, S., Spyrakis, G. (2008). Contaminant chemistry and toxicity of sediments in Sydney Harbour, Australia: spatial extent and chemistry-toxicity relationships. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 363, 71-87. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Olmos, M. (2008). Sediment-bound heavy metals as indicators of human influence and biological risk in coastal water bodies. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 65(8), 1407-1413. [More Information]

2007

  • Birch, G. (2007). A short geological and environmental history of the Sydney estuary, Australia. In Gavin Birch (Eds.), Water Wind Art and Debate - How environmental concerns impact on disciplinary research, (pp. 214-242). Sydney: Sydney University Press.
  • Golding, C., Gobas, F., Birch, G. (2007). Characterization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon bioavailability in estuarine sediments using thin-film extraction. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 26(5), 829-836. [More Information]
  • Hunt, J., Birch, G., Warne, M. (2007). Deriving Trigger Values for, and Assessing Hazard Posed by, Volatile Chlorinated Hydrocarbons in a Sydney Estuary. Australasian Journal of Ecotoxicology, 13, 33-42.
  • Birch, G., O'Hea, L. (2007). The chemistry of suspended particulate material in a highly contaminated embayment of Port Jackson (Australia) under quiescent, high-wind and heavy-rainfall conditions. Environmental Geology: International Journal of Geosciences, 53(3), 501-516. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Harrington, C., Symons, R., Hunt, J. (2007). The Source and Distribution of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-dioxin and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans in Sediments of Port Jackson, Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 54(3), 295-308. [More Information]
  • Birch, G. (2007). Water Wind Art and Debate - How environmental concerns impact on disciplinary research. Sydney: Sydney University Press.

2006

  • McCready, S., Birch, G., Long, E., Spyrakis, G., Greely, C. (2006). An evaluation of Australian sediment quality guidelines. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 50, 306-315. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Matthai, C., Fazeli, M. (2006). Efficiency of a retention/detention basin to remove contaminants from urban stormwater. Urban Water Journal, 3(2), 69-77. [More Information]
  • Gillis, A., Birch, G. (2006). Investigation of anthropogenic trace metals in sediments of Lake Illawarra, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 53(4), 523-539.
  • McCready, S., Birch, G., Long, E. (2006). Metallic and organic contaminents in sediments of Sydney Harbour and vicinity - A chemical dataset for evaluating sediment quality guidelines. Environment International, 32, 455-465. [More Information]
  • McCready, S., Birch, G., Long, E., Spyrakis, G., Greely, C. (2006). Predictive abilities of numerical sediment quality guidelines in Sydney Harbour, Australia, and vicinity. Environment International, 32(5), 638-649. [More Information]
  • McCready, S., Birch, G., Spyrakis, G., Greely, C., Long, E. (2006). Relationships between toxicity and concentrations of chemical contaminants in sediments from Sydney Harbour, Australia, and vicinity. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 120(1-Mar), 187-220. [More Information]

2005

  • Birch, G., Fazeli, M., Matthai, C. (2005). Efficiency of an infliltration basin in removing contatinants from urban stormwater. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 101(1-3), 23-38. [More Information]
  • Golding, C., Smernik, R., Birch, G. (2005). Investigation of the role of structural domains identified in sedimentary organic matter in the sorption of hydrophobic organic compounds. Environmental Science and Technology, 39(11), 3925-3932. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Greely, C., Hyne, R., Long, E., McCready, S. (2005). Sensitivity of an indigenous amphipod (Corophium colo) to chemical contaminants in laboratory toxicity tests conducted with sediments from Sydney Harbor, Australia, and vicinity. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 24(10), 2545-2552. [More Information]
  • Suh, J., Birch, G. (2005). Use of grain-size and elemental normalisation in the interpretation of trace metal concentrations in soils of the reclaimed area adjoining Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 160, 357-371. [More Information]

2004

  • Golding, C., Smernik, R., Birch, G. (2004). Characterisation Of Sedimentary Organic Matter From Three South-Eastern Australian Estuaries Using Solid-State C-13-Nmr Techniques. Marine and Freshwater Research, 55(3), 285-293. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Matthai, C., Fazeli, M., Suh, J. (2004). Efficiency Of A Constructed Wetland In Removing Contaminants From Stormwater. Wetlands: the journal of the Society of Wetland Scientists, 24(2), 459-466. [More Information]
  • Taylor, S., Birch, G., Links, F. (2004). Historical Catchment Changes And Temporal Impact On Sediment Of The Receiving Basin, Port Jackson, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 51(2), 233-246. [More Information]
  • Suh, J., Birch, G., Hughes, K. (2004). Hydrochemistry In Reclaimed Lands Of The 2000 Olympic Games Site, Sydney Australia. Journal of Coastal Research, 20(3), 709-721.
  • Suh, J., Birch, G., Hughes, K., Matthai, C. (2004). Spatial Distribution And Source Of Heavy Metals In Reclaimed Lands Of Homebush Bay: The Venue Of The 2000 Olympic Games, Sydney, New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 51(1), 53-66. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S. (2004). Sydney Harbour and Catchment: Contaminant Status of Sydney Harbour Sediments: A Handbook for the Public and Professionals. Australia: Geological Society of Australia, Environmental, Engineering and Hydrogeology Specialist Group.
  • Snowdon, R., Birch, G. (2004). The Nature And Distribution Of Copper, Lead, And Zinc In Soils Of A Highly Urbanised Sub-Catchment (Iron Cove) Of Port Jackson, Sydney. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 42(3), 329-338. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Snowdon, R. (2004). The Use Of Size-Normalisation Techniques In Interpretation Of Soil Contaminant Distributions. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 157(1-4), 1-12. [More Information]
  • McCready, S., Spyrakis, G., Greely, C., Birch, G., Long, E. (2004). Toxicity Of Surficial Sediments From Sydney Harbour And Vicinity, Australia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 96(1-3), 53-83. [More Information]

2003

  • Birch, G., Davies, K. (2003). A scheme for assessing human impact and sediment quality in coastal waterways. Coastal GIS 2003: an integreated approach to Australian coastal issues, Wollongong: University of Wollongong.
  • Birch, G. (2003). A test of normalization methods for marine sediment, including a new post-extraction normalization (PEN) technique. Hydrobiologia, 492, 5-13. [More Information]
  • Hatje, V., Apte, S., Hales, L., Birch, G. (2003). Dissolved trace metal distributions in Port Jackson estuary (Sydney Harbour), Australia. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46(6), 719-730. [More Information]
  • McCready, S., Birch, G., Taylor, S. (2003). Extraction of heavy metals in Sydney Harbour sediments using 1M HCl and 0.05M EDTA and implications for sediment-quality guidelines. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 50, 249-255. [More Information]
  • Suh, J., Brown, P., Birch, G. (2003). Geochemical factors affecting leachate composition derived from soils in reclaimed lands using laboratory fresh and saline water column experiments. Marine and Freshwater Research, 54(7), 885-893. [More Information]
  • Davies, K., Birch, G. (2003). GIS-based evaluation of the condition of some New SOuth Wales estuaries. Coastal GIS 2003: an integreated approach to Australian coastal issues, Wollongong: University of Wollongong.
  • Birch, G., Scollen, A. (2003). Heavy metals in road dust, gully pots and parkland soils in a highly urbanised sub-catchment of Port Jackson, Australia. Australian Journal of Soil Research, 41(7), 1329-1342. [More Information]
  • Simonovski, J., Owens, C., Birch, G. (2003). Heavy metals in sediments of the Upper Hawkesbury-Nepean River. Australian Geographical Studies, 41(2), 196-207. [More Information]
  • Suh, J., Brown, P., Birch, G. (2003). Hydrogeochemical characteristics and importance of natural and anthropogenic influences on soil and groundwater in recalimed land adjacent to Port Jackson,Sydney, Australia. Marine and Freshwater Research, 54(6), 767-779. [More Information]
  • Hatje, V., Payne, T., Hill, D., McOrist, G., Birch, G., Szymczak, R. (2003). Kinetics of trace element uptake and release by particles inestuarine waters: effects of pH, salinity, and particle loading. Environment International, 29(5), 619-629. [More Information]
  • Mudge, S., Birch, G., Matthai, C. (2003). The Effect of Grain Size and Element Concentration in Identifying Contaminant Sources. Environmental Forensics, 4(4), 305-312. [More Information]

2002

  • Matthai, C., Birch, G., Bickford, G. (2002). Anthropogenic trace metals in sediment and settling particulate matter on a high-energy continental shelf (Sydney, Australia). Marine Environmental Research, , 99-127. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S. (2002). Application of sediment quality guidelines in the assessment and management of contaminated surficial sediments in Port Jackson (Sydney Harbour), Australia. Environmental Management, 29(6), 860-870.
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S. (2002). Assessment of possible sediment toxicity of contaminated sediments in Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia. Hydrobiologia, 472, 19-27. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Rochford, L., Simpson, S. (2002). Geochemical influences on metal partitioning in contaminated estuarine sediments. Marine and Freshwater Research, , 9-17. [More Information]
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S. (2002). Possible biological significance of contaminated sediments in Port Jackson, Sydney, Australia. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 77, 179-190. [More Information]

2001

  • Matthai, C., Birch, G. (2001). Detection of Anthropogenic Cu, Pb and Zn in Continental Shelf Sediments off Sydney, Australia - a New Approach Using Normalisation with Cobalt. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 42, no. 11, 1055-1063.
  • Barry, S., Taylor, S., Birch, G. (2001). Heavy metal supply to the Port Jackson Estuary, Australia by stormwater. Australian Journal of Water Resources, 4(2), 147-154.
  • Birch, G., Matthai, C., Jenkinson,, A., Heijnis,, H. (2001). Physical resuspension and vertical mixing of sediments on a high energy continental margin (Sydney, Australia). Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 52, 67-89.
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S., Matthai, C. (2001). Role of geology in environmental science: an example of pollution assessment of the estuarine and marine environment in central NSW. In VA Gostin (Eds.), Gondwana to Greenhouse, (pp. 243-255). Sydney, NSW: Academic Press.
  • Birch, G., Taylor, S., Matthai, C. (2001). Small-scale spatial and temporal variance in the concentration of heavy metals in acquatic sediments: a review and some new concepts. Environmental Pollution, 113, 357-372.
  • Birch, G., Hatje, V., Hill,, D. (2001). Spatial and temporal variabiligy of particulate trace metals in Port Jackson Estuary, Australia. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 53, 63-77.
  • Birch, G., Siaka, M., Owens, C. (2001). The source of anthropogenic heavy metals in fluvial sediments of a rural catchment: Cox's River, Australia. Water, Air and Soil Pollution, 126, 13-35.
  • Birch, G., Hatje, V., Rae, K. (2001). Trace metal and total suspended solids concentrations in freshwater: the importance of small-scale temporal variation. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 3, 251-256.

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