Constructivism is a learning theory found in psychology which explains how people might acquire knowledge and learn. It therefore has direct application to education. The theory suggests that humans construct knowledge and meaning from their experiences. Constructivism is not a specific pedagogy. Piaget's theory of Constructivist learning has had wide ranging impact on learning theories and teaching methods in education and is an underlying theme of many education reform movements. Research support for constructivist teaching techniques has been mixed, with some research supporting these techniques and other research contradicting those results.


What is constructivism?

How does a constructivist approach differ from a traditional approach?

How to design student-centered constructivist learning activities

Examples & case studies

ICT for constructivist learning - K-12

  • Creating a Learning Community: Using ICT to Enhance Constructivist Teaching Practice at Mountview School (pdf)
    This paper describes in detail ICT infusion into teaching and curriculum at a primary school in Canada and how students take the lead in developing inquiry questions of interest on curriculum which then become themes for major student projects.
  • A Case Study of ICT and School Improvement at Bendigo Senior Secondary College, Victoria, Australia
    A case study of an Australian school where change included the installation of an extensive ICT infrastructure, changing management practices and encouraging teachers to adopt an “active, constructivist and experiential” approach to teaching and learning.
  • Improving Students' ICT Use: The LDCT at Burleigh Heads State School
    A research report focusing on student learning in Years 5, 6 and 7 at Burleigh Heads State School where educational technology is used in many applications by teachers.
  • An ICT-based teacher training programme based on a social constructivist model in Ecuador (pdf)
    This paper presents several case studies of the impact of ICT on teaching practices and on teaching and learning in primary schools in Ecuador.
  • Learning with ICT: The Challenge of Changing the Way We Teach
    This paper discusses the development and implementation of an integrated learning environment (ILE) to support a student centred constructivist approach to teaching and learning in Hong Kong primary schools.
  • Primary science and ICT
    This paper presents a review of the impact of ICT in primary schools and a critical evaluation of ways in which ICT is currently being used to promote good science teaching. It considers the science and ICT children of today need to learn in order to enable them to become scientifically and computer-literate by the time they are 20.

ICT for constructivist learning - Teacher learning