Table 1: Anatomy and Histology

Table 1 lists units of study available to students in the Bachelor of Science and combined degrees. The units are available to students enrolled in other degrees in accordance with their degree resolutions.

Unit of study Credit points A: Assumed knowledge P: Prerequisites C: Corequisites N: Prohibition Session

Anatomy and Histology

For a major in Anatomy and Histology, the minimum requirement is 24 credit points from any ANAT, HSTO, EMHU or select NEUR Senior units of study. For a major in Anatomy and Histology (Advanced), the minimum requirement is 24 credit points from any Advanced ANAT, HSTO, EMHU or select NEUR Senior units of study.
Intermediate units of study
The completion of 6 credit points of MBLG units of study is highly recommended
ANAT2008
Principles of Histology
6    P 6cp from (BIOL1XXX, PSYC1XXX, MBLG1XXX)
N BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808 or ANAT2001
Semester 1
ANAT2009
Comparative Primate Anatomy
6    P [6cp from BIOL1XX3 and 6cp from BIOL1XXX] OR 12cp from PSYC1XXX OR 12cp from ARCA1XXX
N ANAT2002
Semester 2
ANAT2010
Concepts of Neuroanatomy
6    P 6cp from BIOL1XX3 AND 6cp from (ANAT2008, BIOL1XXX, MBLG1XXX, PSYC1XXX)
N ANAT2910 or BIOS1171 or BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808
Semester 2
ANAT2910
Concepts in Neuroanatomy Adv
6    P [6cp from BIOL1XX3 and 6cp from (ANAT2008, BIOL1XXX, MBLG1XXX, PSYC1XXX)] AND [a mark of 65 or above in 6cp from (BIOL1XXX, ANAT2008, MBLG1XXX, PSYC1XXX)]
N ANAT2010 or BIOS1171 or BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808

Note: Department permission required for enrolment

Semester 2
Senior units of study
ANAT3006
Forensic Osteology
6    A 6 credit points of MBLG is recommended
P ANAT2008 and (a mark of at least 65 in ANAT2009).
N BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808
Semester 1
ANAT3007
Visceral Anatomy
6    P ANAT2009 or ANAT2010 or ANAT2910
N ANAT3907, BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808
Semester 1
ANAT3907
Visceral Anatomy (Advanced)
6    P ( a mark of 65% or better in ANAT2009 or ANAT2010 or ANAT2910)
N ANAT3007 or BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808

Note: Department permission required for enrolment
DEPARTMENTAL PERMISSION REQUIRED
Semester 1
HSTO3001
Microscopy and Histochemistry Theory
6    P [a mark of 65 or above in (ANAT2008)] or [an average mark of 65 or above in(BMED2401 and BMED2402 and BMED2405)]
Semester 1
HSTO3902
Microscopy and Histochemistry Adv Prac
6    P [A mark of 65 in (ANAT2008)] or [An average mark of 65 in (BMED2401 and BMED2402 and BMED2405)]
C HSTO3001
N HSTO3002
Semester 1
NEUR3005
Functional Neuroanatomy
6    P [6cp from BMED2401 and 6cp from BMED2402 and 6cp from BMED240X] OR [6cp from ANAT2X10 and 6cp from (MBLGXXXX, BIOL1XXX)]
N NEUR3001 or NEUR3901 or NEUR3002 or NEUR3902 or NEUR3905


We strongly recommend that students take (NEUR3005 or NEUR3905) and (NEUR3006 or NEUR3906) concurrently
Semester 1
NEUR3905
Functional Neuroanatomy (Advanced)
6    P [An average mark of 75 or above in (6cp from BMED2401 and 6cp from BMED2402 and 6cp from BMED240X)] OR [An average mark of 75 or above in (6cp from ANAT2X10 and 6cp from (MBLGXXXX, BIOL1XXX)]
N NEUR3001 or NEUR3901 or NEUR3002 or NEUR3902 or NEUR3005


We strongly recommend that students take (NEUR3005 or NEUR3905) and (NEUR3006 or NEUR3906) concurrently
Semester 1
ANAT3004
Cranial and Cervical Anatomy
6    P (ANAT2009 or ANAT2010 or ANAT2910) or (BMED2401 and BMED2402 and 6 additional credit points of BMED240X)
N ANAT3904 or ANAT3994 or ANAT3005


Students having taken ANAT2010 or ANAT2910 and/or NEUR3005 and NEUR3006 will find ANAT3004 enhances their understanding and knowledge of the peripheral distribution of the cranial nerves.
Semester 2
ANAT3904
Cranial and Cervical Anatomy (Advanced)
6    P [a mark of 65 in (ANAT2009 or ANAT2010 or ANAT2910)] or (a mark of 65 in BMED2401 or BMED2402 and an additional 6 credit points of BMED240X)]
N ANAT3004or ANAT3994


Course is subject to availability of donor material for dissection.
Semester 2
ANAT3994
Cranial and Cervical Anatomy (SSP)
6    P ANAT3907 (CREDIT OR ABOVE) Demonstrated evidence of manual dexterity and ethical approach.
N ANAT3904 or ANAT3004

Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Course is subject to availability of donor material for dissection. Course is by invitation ONLY.
Semester 2
ANAT3008
Musculoskeletal Anatomy
6    P (ANAT2009) or (BMED2402 and BMED2403 and BMED2405 and BMED2406)
N ANAT3005 or ANAT3908
Semester 2
ANAT3908
Musculoskeletal Anatomy (Advanced)
6    P [A mark of 65 in (ANAT2009)] or [(BMED2402 and BMED2403 and BMED2405 and BMED2406) and a mark of 65 in 6 credit points of (BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2405 or BMED2406)]
N ANAT3008
Semester 2
EMHU3001
Electron Microscopy and Imaging/Theory
6    P At least 12 credit points from any of the following: ANAT2XXX, BIOL2XXX, CHEM2XXX, MICR2XXX, MBLG2XXX, PCOL2XXX, PHYS2XXX, PHSI2XXX; For BMedSci students: BMED2401 and BMED2402 and BMED2403.


BMedSci students must have completed pre-requisites: BMED2401 and BMED2402 and BMED2403.
Semester 2
EMHU3002
Electron Microscopy and Imaging/Prac
6    P (ANAT2008) OR (BMED2401 and BMED2402 and BMED2403)
C EMHU3001
Semester 2
HSTO3003
Cells and Development: Theory
6    P (ANAT2008 or PHSI3005 or PHSI3905) OR (BMED2401 and 12 additional credit points of BMED240X)
Semester 2
HSTO3004
Cells and Development: Practical (Adv)
6    P A mark of 65 in (ANAT2008 or PHSI3005 or PHSI3905) OR [(a mark of 65 in BMED2401) and at least two from (BMED2402 and BMED2403 and BMED2406)].
C HSTO3003
Semester 2
NEUR3003
Cellular and Developmental Neuroscience
6    A NEUR3X01/3X05 and NEUR3X02/3X06 or equivalent. Students who have not successfully completed an introductory neuroscience course are advised to familarise themselves with the content in Bear, Connors and Paradiso ¿Exploring the Brain¿.
P (BMED2401 and BMED2402 and 6 additional credit points of BMED240X) OR (18 credit points of ANAT2XXX and/or BCHM2XXX and/or BIOL2XXX and/or CHEM2XXX and/or COMP2XXX and/or INFO2XXX and/or MATH2XXX and/or MICR2XXX and/or MBLG2XXX and/or PHSI2XXX and/or PSYC2XXX and/or STAT2XXX).
N NEUR3903


Enrolment in (NEUR3004 or NEUR3904) is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Units of study are designed to be taken in conjunction with each other.
Semester 2
NEUR3903
Cellular and Developmental Neurosci. (Adv)
6    A NEUR3X01/3X05 and NEUR3X02/3X06 or equivalent. Students who have not successfully completed an introductory neuroscience course are advised to familarise themselves with the content in Bear, Connors and Paradiso ¿Exploring the Brain¿.
P An average mark of 75 in (NEUR3001 or NEUR3901 or NEUR3005 or NEUR3905) and (NEUR3002 or NEUR3902 or NEUR3006 or NEUR3906)
N NEUR3003

Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Enrolment in (NEUR3004 or NEUR3904) is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Units of study are designed to be taken in conjunction with each other.
Semester 2
NEUR3004
Integrative Neuroscience
6    A NEUR3X01/3X05 and NEUR3X02/3X06 or equivalent. Students who have not successfully completed an introductory neuroscience course are advised to familarise themselves with the content in Bear, Connors and Paradiso ¿Exploring the Brain¿.
P (BMED2401 and 12 additional credit points of BMED240X) OR (18 credit points of ANAT2XXX and/or HSTO2XXX and/or BCHEM2XXX and/or BIOL2XXX and/or CHEM2XXX and/or COMP2XXX and/or INFO2XXX and/or MATH2XXX and/or MICR2XXX and/or MBLG2XXX and/or PHSI2XXX and/or PSYC2XXX and/or STAT2XXX).
N NEUR3904


Enrolment in (NEUR3003 or NEUR3903) is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Units of study are designed to be taken in conjunction with each other.
Semester 2
NEUR3904
Integrative Neuroscience (Advanced)
6    A NEUR3X01/3X05 and NEUR3X02/3X06 or equivalent. Students who have not successfully completed an introductory neuroscience course are advised to familarise themselves with the content in Bear, Connors and Paradiso ¿Exploring the Brain¿.
P An average mark of 75 in (NEUR3001 or NEUR3901 or NEUR3005 or NEUR3905) and (NEUR3002 or NEUR3902 or NEUR3006 or NEUR3906)
N NEUR3004

Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Enrolment in (NEUR3003 or NEUR3903) is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Units of study are designed to be taken in conjunction with each other.
Semester 2
for other NEUR units, see the Physiology subject area entry in this table

Anatomy and Histology

For a major in Anatomy and Histology, the minimum requirement is 24 credit points from any ANAT, HSTO, EMHU or select NEUR Senior units of study. For a major in Anatomy and Histology (Advanced), the minimum requirement is 24 credit points from any Advanced ANAT, HSTO, EMHU or select NEUR Senior units of study.
Intermediate units of study
The completion of 6 credit points of MBLG units of study is highly recommended
ANAT2008 Principles of Histology

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Laura Lindsay Session: Semester 1 Classes: Two 1-hour lectures Prerequisites: 6cp from (BIOL1XXX, PSYC1XXX, MBLG1XXX) Prohibitions: BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808 or ANAT2001 Assessment: One 1-hour theory exam, two 30-minute practical exams, three online theory quizzes, two practical quizzes (100%). Practical field work: One 2-hour practical per week Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
This unit of study covers the principles of cell biology and study of the structure of cells, tissues and organ systems at the light and electron microscopic levels. The focus is on human systems. Modern practical applications of histological techniques and analysis for research are also presented.
Textbooks
Paulina, W. Histology - A Text and Atlas. 7th Edition, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. 2015.
ANAT2009 Comparative Primate Anatomy

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Denise Donlon Session: Semester 2 Classes: Two 1-hour lectures Prerequisites: [6cp from BIOL1XX3 and 6cp from BIOL1XXX] OR 12cp from PSYC1XXX OR 12cp from ARCA1XXX Prohibitions: ANAT2002 Assessment: Two quizzes (10%), theory exam (60%), practical exam (30%). Practical field work: One 2-hour practical per week Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
This unit of student covers the musculo-skeletal anatomy of the human body with particular emphasis on human evolution and comparisons with apes and fossil hominids. The topics covered include the versatility of the human hand, in manipulation and locomotion, bipedalism, climbing and brachiation in apes, and the change in pelvic anatomy associated with bipedalism and obstetric consequences.
Textbooks
Kapit, W and Elson, LM 2014 The Anatomy Coloring Book. Addison-Wesley. 4th edition
ANAT2010 Concepts of Neuroanatomy

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Karen Cullen Session: Semester 2 Classes: 10 hours tutorial in 5 sessions during semester Prerequisites: 6cp from BIOL1XX3 AND 6cp from (ANAT2008, BIOL1XXX, MBLG1XXX, PSYC1XXX) Prohibitions: ANAT2910 or BIOS1171 or BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808 Assessment: One theory exam, critical writing assignment, mid-semester examination and periodic online quizzes and short written assignment Practical field work: Tutorials: 10 hours tutorial in 5 sessions during semester Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Students are introduced to the structure and organisation of the central and peripheral nervous system. The course begins with an exploration into the make-up of the individual cells, followed by an examination of the different regions of the nervous system. A final theme of the course touches on the organisation of various systems (sensory and motor), together with aspects of higher-order function (memory). In essence, the course covers general concepts of organisation, structure and function of the brain and its different areas. The practicals offer students the unique opportunity to examine specimens in the Anatomy labs and museum. This course will be of considerable interest to students studying science and related disciplines, as well as those wishing to pursue further study in Neuroscience at senior levels.
Textbooks
Bear, MF, Connors, BW, Paradiso, MA. Neuroscience: Exploring the Brain. 3rd edition. Williams and Wilkins. 2006. Also recommended: Nolte J, Angevine JJB. The Human Brain in Photographs and Diagrams. Mosby/Elsevier. 2007.
ANAT2910 Concepts in Neuroanatomy Adv

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Karen Cullen Session: Semester 2 Classes: 2 x 1hr lectures, 1 x 1hr tutorial Prerequisites: [6cp from BIOL1XX3 and 6cp from (ANAT2008, BIOL1XXX, MBLG1XXX, PSYC1XXX)] AND [a mark of 65 or above in 6cp from (BIOL1XXX, ANAT2008, MBLG1XXX, PSYC1XXX)] Prohibitions: ANAT2010 or BIOS1171 or BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808 Assessment: one 2-hour theory exam, one 45 min practical exam, one 1200 word critical scientific review article, one mid-semester quiz, three short online quiz-style assignments Practical field work: 1 x 1 hr practical Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Students are introduced to the structure and organisation of the central and peripheral nervous system. The course begins with an exploration into the make-up of the individual cells, followed by an examination of the different regions of the nervous system. A final theme of the course touches on the organisation of various systems (sensory and motor), together with aspects of higher-order function such as memory and language. In essence, the subject covers general concepts of organisation, structure and function of the brain. The laboratory practical sessions offer students the special privilege to examine human specimens in the Anatomy labs and museum. Tutorial meetings will provide the opportunity to encounter topics in functional anatomy and histology of the brain using photographs, diagrams, models, animations and problem-solving. Topics in identification of central nervous system structure in typical magnetic resonance images will assist in reinforcing the theory of functional anatomy in a format students are likely to encounter in further study and in real-world situations and readings. This course will be of considerable interest to students studying anatomy and related disciplines, as well as those wishing to pursue further study in Neuroscience at senior levels.
Textbooks
Required text: Bear, M.F., B.W. Connors, M.A. Paradiso. Neuroscience. Exploring the Brain (4th edition) Wolters Kluwer, 2016. Recommended Atlas: Nolte & Angevine. The human brain in photographs and diagrams. 4th edition Philadelphia: Elsevier/Saunders, 2013.
Senior units of study
ANAT3006 Forensic Osteology

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Denise Donlon Session: Semester 1 Classes: Two 1-hour lectures, one 2-hour tutorial and one 1-hour practical per week Prerequisites: ANAT2008 and (a mark of at least 65 in ANAT2009). Prohibitions: BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808 Assumed knowledge: 6 credit points of MBLG is recommended Assessment: Quiz 1 (5%), Quiz 2 (5%), Critique/review of journal article (15%), Case study report (20%), Theory exam (30%) Practical exam (25%). Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
This unit of study aims to introduce students to the area of forensic osteology, which is the study of human skeletal remains within the legal context. Thus the unit of study aims to help students learn about human morphology and variation through the investigation and identification of human bones. It will also help students gain skills in observation and rigorous record taking and in analysis and interpretation. Production of case reports and practice in acting as 'expert witness' will improve students written and oral skills. An additional objective will be to assist students in learning to deal with legal and ethical issues.
Textbooks
Bass, W. Human Osteology: a Laboratory and Field Manual 5th edition. Missouri Archaeological Society Columbia. 2005.
ANAT3007 Visceral Anatomy

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Ms Robin Arnold Session: Semester 1 Classes: Two 1-hour lectures and two 2-hour practicals per week. Prerequisites: ANAT2009 or ANAT2010 or ANAT2910 Prohibitions: ANAT3907, BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808 Assessment: Theory exam, prac exam, continuous assessment (6 quizzes done at intervals during semester) (100%) Practical field work: Introductory practical talk followed by study of relevant prosections, models, X rays, also group discussions of features in CT & MR images with a view to understanding cross sectional & living anatomy. Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
This unit of study aims to provide an understanding of the anatomy of the viscera of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis. Structures covered include the heart and associated great vessels, lungs, mediastinum and the abdominal viscera, the alimentary organs and the genitourinary system. The structure of anterior thoracic and abdominal walls and pelvis along with the nerve supply to the viscera and relevant endocrine structures is also covered. Emphasis is placed on the relationship of structure to function especially with respect to the important functions of breathing, digestion, excretion and reproduction. Students will be encouraged to relate their understanding of these structures to current research in anatomy and histology and in related fields such as molecular biology and physiology. The course also aims to provide both theoretical and practical skills which can provide a basis for further studies in fields such as physiotherapy, chiropractic or forensic science or in post graduate medicine or dentistry or in areas of research requiring a knowledge of anatomy.
Textbooks
Rohan, Yokochi and Lutjen-drecoll. Color Atlas of Human Anatomy.
ANAT3907 Visceral Anatomy (Advanced)

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Ms Robin Arnold Session: Semester 1 Classes: 2 x 1hr lectures Prerequisites: ( a mark of 65% or better in ANAT2009 or ANAT2010 or ANAT2910) Prohibitions: ANAT3007 or BMED2401 or BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2404 or BMED2405 or BMED2406 or BMED2801 or BMED2802 or BMED2803 or BMED2804 or BMED2805 or BMED2806 or BMED2807 or BMED2808 Assessment: theory exam, prac exam, continuous assessment (6 quizzes done at intervals during Semester) Practical field work: Introductory practical talk followed by study of relevant prosections, models, X rays, also group discussions of features in CT & MR images with a view to understanding cross sectional & living anatomy plus further studies of medical images & details of development of selected structures of trunk Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: DEPARTMENTAL PERMISSION REQUIRED
This unit of study aims to provide an understanding of the anatomy of the viscera of the thorax, abdomen and pelvis. Structures covered include the heart and associated great vessels, lungs, mediastinum and the abdominal viscera, the alimentary organs and the genitourinary system. The structure of anterior thoracic and abdominal walls and pelvis along with the nerve supply to the viscera and relevant endocrine structures is also covered. Emphasis is placed on the relationship of structure to function especially with respect to the important functions of breathing, digestion, excretion and reproduction. Students will be encouraged to relate their understanding of these structures to current research in anatomy and histology and in related fields such as molecular biology and physiology. The course also aims to provide both theoretical and practical skills which can provide a basis for further studies in fields such as physiotherapy, chiropractic or forensic science or in post graduate medicine or dentistry or in areas of research requiring a knowledge of anatomy.
Textbooks
Rohan, Yokochi and Lutjen-drecoll. Color Atlas of Human Anatomy
HSTO3001 Microscopy and Histochemistry Theory

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Ms Robin Arnold; Prof Christopher Murphy Session: Semester 1 Classes: Usually four 1-hour lectures per week plus a few tutorials Prerequisites: [a mark of 65 or above in (ANAT2008)] or [an average mark of 65 or above in(BMED2401 and BMED2402 and BMED2405)] Assessment: One 2-hour theory exam, essay, mid semester quiz (100%) Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
The aims of this unit of study are to provide a theoretical understanding of why biological tissues need to be specifically prepared for microscopic examination, how differing methods yield different types of morphological information; to allow students to study the theory of different types and modalities of microscopes, how they function and the differing information they provide; to develop an understanding of the theory of why biological material needs to be stained for microscopic examination; to allow students to understand how biological material becomes stained; to develop an understanding of the chemical information provided by biological staining - dyes, enzymes and antibodies.
Textbooks
Keirnan, J.A. Histological & Histochemical Methods. 4th edition. Scion. 2008.
HSTO3902 Microscopy and Histochemistry Adv Prac

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Ms Robin Arnold Session: Semester 1 Classes: 1 x 1hr tutorials Prerequisites: [A mark of 65 in (ANAT2008)] or [An average mark of 65 in (BMED2401 and BMED2402 and BMED2405)] Corequisites: HSTO3001 Prohibitions: HSTO3002 Assessment: one 1.5 hour practical exam, 1 practical report, mid semester quiz Practical field work: 1 x 4hr practicals Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
The aims of this unit of study are to provide a practical understanding of why biological tissues need to be specifically prepared for microscopic examination, how differing methods yield different types of morphological information; to allow students to study the theory of different types and modalities of microscopes, how they function and the differing information they provide; to develop an practical understanding of why biological material needs to be stained for microscopic examination; to allow students to understand how biological material becomes stained; to develop an understanding of the chemical information provided by biological staining - dyes, enzymes and antibodies.
Textbooks
Keirnan, JA. Histological & Histochemical Methods 3rd Edition. Butterworth-Heinmann. 1999
NEUR3005 Functional Neuroanatomy

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Paul Austin Session: Semester 1 Classes: two one-hour lectures, 3 two-hour Tutorials (weeks 5, 6, 11 only) Prerequisites: [6cp from BMED2401 and 6cp from BMED2402 and 6cp from BMED240X] OR [6cp from ANAT2X10 and 6cp from (MBLGXXXX, BIOL1XXX)] Prohibitions: NEUR3001 or NEUR3901 or NEUR3002 or NEUR3902 or NEUR3905 Assessment: one mid-semester practical exam, one final theory exam, one final practical exam, 'Neuroscience in the Media' 3 team-based assessment tasks during seminars and 1 individual written assignment Practical field work: Two hour practical per week Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: We strongly recommend that students take (NEUR3005 or NEUR3905) and (NEUR3006 or NEUR3906) concurrently
The aim of this unit is to provide students with advanced knowledge of functional neuroanatomy and systems neuroscience. There will be a detailed exploration of the anatomical structures and pathways that underlie sensation and perception in each of the sensory modalities. The neural circuits and mechanisms that control somatic and autonomic motor systems, motivated behaviours, emotions, and other higher order functions will be explored in great detail. Practical classes will allow students to identify and trace key anatomical structures in human brain and spinal cord specimens. Reading and interpreting images from functional and structural brain imaging techniques will be incorporated into the neuroanatomy practical classes. The ongoing Neuroscience in the Media task will encourage the development of critical analysis of the media portrayal of neuroscience research, as well as allowing students to re-frame and communicate these ideas with their peers. This unit will develop key attributes that are essential for science graduate as they move forward in their careers.
Textbooks
Nolte. The Human Brain. 6th Ed, C.V. Mosby Co., St Louis, Washington D.C., Toronto, 2009 Nolte. The Human Brain in Photographs and Diagrams. 4th Ed, C.V. Mosby Co., St Louis, Washington D.C., Toronto, 2013
NEUR3905 Functional Neuroanatomy (Advanced)

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Paul Austin Session: Semester 1 Classes: two one-hour lectures, 8 one-hour seminars (weeks 4-12) Prerequisites: [An average mark of 75 or above in (6cp from BMED2401 and 6cp from BMED2402 and 6cp from BMED240X)] OR [An average mark of 75 or above in (6cp from ANAT2X10 and 6cp from (MBLGXXXX, BIOL1XXX)] Prohibitions: NEUR3001 or NEUR3901 or NEUR3002 or NEUR3902 or NEUR3005 Assessment: one mid-semester practical exam, one final theory exam, one final practical exam, Journal Club participation, Journal Club presentation and 1 individual written assignment Practical field work: Two hour practical per week Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: We strongly recommend that students take (NEUR3005 or NEUR3905) and (NEUR3006 or NEUR3906) concurrently
The aim of this unit is to provide students with advanced knowledge of functional neuroanatomy and systems neuroscience. There will be a detailed exploration of the anatomical structures and pathways that underlie sensation and perception in each of the sensory modalities. The neural circuits and mechanisms that control somatic and autonomic motor systems, motivated behaviours, emotions, and other higher order functions will be explored in great detail. Practical classes will allow students to identify and trace key anatomical structures in human brain and spinal cord specimens. Reading and interpreting images from functional and structural brain imaging techniques will be incorporated into the neuroanatomy practical classes. By undertaking the advanced unit students will participate in weekly small group seminars which use the Journal Club style practiced widely in research institutions around the world. The aim of the Journal Club is to develop critical thinking and detailed knowledge in a specific area of neuroscience research. This will be achieved through detailed discussions and presentations under the guidance of a research-active academic. This unit will develop key attributes that are essential for science graduate as they move forward in their careers.
Textbooks
Nolte. The Human Brain. 6th Ed, C.V. Mosby Co., St Louis, Washington D.C., Toronto, 2009 Nolte. The Human Brain in Photographs and Diagrams. 4th Ed, C.V. Mosby Co., St Louis, Washington D.C., Toronto, 2013
ANAT3004 Cranial and Cervical Anatomy

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Ms Robin Arnold Session: Semester 2 Classes: Two 1-hour lectures and two 2-hour tutorials per week Prerequisites: (ANAT2009 or ANAT2010 or ANAT2910) or (BMED2401 and BMED2402 and 6 additional credit points of BMED240X) Prohibitions: ANAT3904 or ANAT3994 or ANAT3005 Assessment: Theory exam, prac exam, continuous assessment (6 quizzes done at intervals during semester) (100%) Practical field work: Introductory practical talk followed by study of relevant prosections, models, X rays, also group discussions of features in CT & MR images with a view to understanding cross sectional & living anatomy. Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: Students having taken ANAT2010 or ANAT2910 and/or NEUR3005 and NEUR3006 will find ANAT3004 enhances their understanding and knowledge of the peripheral distribution of the cranial nerves.
This unit of study aims to provide students with a detailed understanding of the anatomy of the head and neck regions, with a particular emphasis on the functional anatomy of the cranial nerves. This unit of study covers skull, muscles of facial expression, muscles of jaw and neck, ear, eye, nose, oral cavity and larynx and pharynx as well as peripheral distribution of cranial nerves in the head and neck. The functional components of the cranial nerves and their relationship to the special senses and special motor functions such as facial gesture and speech are also studied. The practical sessions aim to provide students with the ability to recognise the structures studied in human prosections and in medical images especially X Rays and CT scans and to know their main anatomical relationships. Students will also be encouraged to relate their understanding of these structures to current research in anatomy and histology and in related fields such as molecular biology and physiology. The course also aims to provide both theoretical and practical skills which can provide a basis for further studies in fields such as physiotherapy, chiropractic or forensic science or in post graduate medicine or dentistry or in areas of research requiring a knowledge of anatomy.
Textbooks
Rohan, Yokochi, Lutjen-Drecoll. Color Atlas of Human Anatomy.
ANAT3904 Cranial and Cervical Anatomy (Advanced)

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Ms Robin Arnold Session: Semester 2 Classes: Two lectures per week, two hour tutorials per week. Prerequisites: [a mark of 65 in (ANAT2009 or ANAT2010 or ANAT2910)] or (a mark of 65 in BMED2401 or BMED2402 and an additional 6 credit points of BMED240X)] Prohibitions: ANAT3004or ANAT3994 Assessment: Theory exam, prac exam, continuous assessment (6 quizzes done at intervals during semester) Practical field work: Introductory practical talk followed by study of relevant prosections, models, X rays, also group discussions of features in CT & MR images with a view to understanding cross sectional & living anatomy plus further studies of medical images & details of development of selected head & neck structures. Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: Course is subject to availability of donor material for dissection.
This unit of study aims to provide students with a detailed understanding of the anatomy of the head and neck regions, with a particular emphasis on the functional anatomy of the cranial nerves. This unit of study covers skull, muscles of facial expression, muscles of jaw and neck, ear, eye, nose, oral cavity and larynx and pharynx as well as peripheral distribution of cranial nerves in the head and neck. The functional components of the cranial nerves and their relationship to the special senses and special motor functions such as facial gesture and speech are also studied. The practical sessions aim to provide students with the ability to recognise the structures studied in human prosections and in medical images especially X Rays and to know their main anatomical relationships. Students will also be encouraged to relate their understanding of these structures to current research in anatomy and histology and in related fields such as molecular biology and physiology. The course also aims to provide both theoretical and practical skills which can provide a basis for further studies in fields such as physiotherapy, chiropractic or forensic science or in post graduate medicine or dentistry or in areas of research requiring a knowledge of anatomy.
Textbooks
Rohan, Yokochi, Lutjen-Drecoll. Colour Atlas of Human Anatomy.
ANAT3994 Cranial and Cervical Anatomy (SSP)

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Ms Robin Arnold Session: Semester 2 Classes: Two lectures per week, one two hour tutorials per week plus three hours dissection per week Prerequisites: ANAT3907 (CREDIT OR ABOVE) Demonstrated evidence of manual dexterity and ethical approach. Prohibitions: ANAT3904 or ANAT3004 Assessment: Theory exam, prac exam, continuous assessment (6 quizzes done at intervals during semester), continuous assessment tasks in dissection Practical field work: Introductory practical talk followed by study of relevant prosections, models, X rays, plus 3 hours dissection per week Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: Course is subject to availability of donor material for dissection. Course is by invitation ONLY.
This unit of study aims to provide students with a detailed understanding of the anatomy of the head and neck regions, with a particular emphasis on the functional anatomy of the cranial nerves. This unit of study covers skull, muscles of facial expression, muscles of jaw and neck, ear, eye, nose, oral cavity and larynx and pharynx as well as peripheral distribution of cranial nerves in the head and neck. The functional components of the cranial nerves and their relationship to the special senses and special motor functions such as facial gesture and speech are also studied. The practical sessions aim to provide students with the ability to recognise the structures studied in human prosections & in medical images especially X Rays & to know their main anatomical relationships. Students will also be encouraged to relate their understanding of these structures to current research in anatomy & histology & in related fields such as molecular biology and physiology. Dissection activities further the understanding of the anatomy of the head and neck and develop highly advanced skills in dissection and prosection of cadaveric materials.
Textbooks
Rohan, Yokochi, Lutjen-Drecoll. Colour Atlas of Human Anatomy.
ANAT3008 Musculoskeletal Anatomy

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Richard Ward Session: Semester 2 Classes: Two 1-hour lectures, two 2-hour tutorials per week Prerequisites: (ANAT2009) or (BMED2402 and BMED2403 and BMED2405 and BMED2406) Prohibitions: ANAT3005 or ANAT3908 Assessment: One 90 minute paper (70%), one 60 minute paper (30%) Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
The unit provides an opportunity for students to study the topographical and systems anatomy of the upper limb, lower limb and the back regions. Emphasis is placed upon the identification and description of structures and the correlation of structure with function. This includes for the upper limb, its role in manipulation, for the lower limb standing and walking and for the back flexible support and protection. Emphasis is also given to the innervation of the limbs. The unit also aims to develop the general skills of observation, description, drawing, writing and discussion as applying to biological structure.
ANAT3908 Musculoskeletal Anatomy (Advanced)

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Richard Ward Session: Semester 2 Classes: 2 x 1hr lectures Prerequisites: [A mark of 65 in (ANAT2009)] or [(BMED2402 and BMED2403 and BMED2405 and BMED2406) and a mark of 65 in 6 credit points of (BMED2402 or BMED2403 or BMED2405 or BMED2406)] Prohibitions: ANAT3008 Assessment: One 90 minute paper(70%), one practical examination (30%) Practical field work: 2 x 2hr Anatomy Wetlab Laboratories Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
This unit of study aims to provide an opportunity for students to study the topographical and systems anatomy of the upper limb, lower limb and the back regions. Emphasis is placed upon the identification and description of structures and the correlation of structure with function, which for the upper limb includes its role in manipulation, for the lower limb standing and walking and for the back flexible support and protection. Emphasis is also given to the innervation of the limbs and the consequences of nerve lesions for limb function. The unit also aims to develop the general skills of observation, description, drawing, writing and discussion as applying to biological structure. The unit builds upon or compliments other macroscopic anatomy units offered by the Department and provides for the development of skills, which could be relevant to a later honours project or higher degree in the field of structural biology.
EMHU3001 Electron Microscopy and Imaging/Theory

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Suzanne Ollerenshaw Session: Semester 2 Classes: Four 1-hour lectures per week Prerequisites: At least 12 credit points from any of the following: ANAT2XXX, BIOL2XXX, CHEM2XXX, MICR2XXX, MBLG2XXX, PCOL2XXX, PHYS2XXX, PHSI2XXX; For BMedSci students: BMED2401 and BMED2402 and BMED2403. Assessment: One 2hr exam (45%) and in semester assessment (55%) Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: BMedSci students must have completed pre-requisites: BMED2401 and BMED2402 and BMED2403.
The course is run conjointly by the Department of Anatomy and Histology and the Australian Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis (ACMM). The course will focus on the theoretical aspects of transmission and scanning electron microscopy, the preparation of biological samples for electron microscopy, digital imaging, MicroCT and CryoEM. Students will receive theoretical training in laser scanning confocal microscopy including the use of fluorescent probes to visualize cellular organelles and cellular processes. Immunological and other techniques required in modern research and hospital electron microscope laboratories will also be covered. Students will undertake a theoretical research project of their choice which is of relevance to the course.
Textbooks
Bozzola, JJ, Russell LD. Electron Microscopy. 2nd edition. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 1999. Reference book: Russ, John C. The Image Processing Handbook. 3rd edition. CRC Press. 1998.
EMHU3002 Electron Microscopy and Imaging/Prac

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Suzanne Ollerenshaw Session: Semester 2 Classes: Two 2-hour practicals per week Prerequisites: (ANAT2008) OR (BMED2401 and BMED2402 and BMED2403) Corequisites: EMHU3001 Assessment: One exam and in-semester assessment of practical book exercises, practical report, practical project assignment by powerpoint submission and oral presentation (100%) Practical field work: Two 2-hour practicals per week Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
The course is run conjointly by the Department of Anatomy and Histology and the Australian Centre for Microscopy and Microanalysis (ACMM). The course will provide hands-on training in the operation of transmission and scanning electron microscopes, processing biological samples for electron microscopy, ultrathin sectioning, cryo-ultramicrotomy, electron diffraction, digital imaging, immunological and other techniques required in modern research and hospital electron microscope laboratories. Students will also learn the operation of laser scanning confocal microscopes, including the use of fluorescent probes to visualise cellular organelles and cellular processes. Students will apply their knowledge to complete a project of their choice on electron microscopy of a biological sample, from fixation of the sample to interpretation of the resulting electron micrographs.
Textbooks
Bozzola, JJ and Russell, LD. Electron Microscopy. 2nd edition. Jones and Bartlett Publishers. 1999.
HSTO3003 Cells and Development: Theory

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Prof Frank Lovicu Session: Semester 2 Classes: Four 1-hour theory lectures and one 1-hour tutorial per week Prerequisites: (ANAT2008 or PHSI3005 or PHSI3905) OR (BMED2401 and 12 additional credit points of BMED240X) Assessment: One 2-hour exam, tutorial research papers and Seminar (100%) Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
The main emphasis of this unit of study concerns the mechanisms that control animal development. Early developmental processes including fertilisation, cleavage, and gastrulation leading to the formation of the primary germ layers and subsequent body organs are described in a range of animals, mainly vertebrates. Stem cells of both embryonic and adult origin will be covered. Emphasis will be placed on the parts played by inductive cell and tissue interactions in cell and tissue differentiation, morphogenesis and pattern formation. This will be studied at both cellular and molecular levels.
Textbooks
Gilbert, SF. Developmental Biology. 10th edition. Sinauer Associates Inc. 2013.
HSTO3004 Cells and Development: Practical (Adv)

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: Dr Stuart Fraser Session: Semester 2 Prerequisites: A mark of 65 in (ANAT2008 or PHSI3005 or PHSI3905) OR [(a mark of 65 in BMED2401) and at least two from (BMED2402 and BMED2403 and BMED2406)]. Corequisites: HSTO3003 Assessment: Practical class reports and Seminars (100%) Practical field work: Two 3-hour practicals per week Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
This advanced unit of study complements HSTO3003 (Cells and Development: Theory) and is catered to provide students with laboratory research experience leading to Honours and higher degrees. It will primarily cover the design and application of experimental procedures involved in cell and developmental biology, using appropriate molecular and cellular techniques to answer developmental questions raised in HSTO3003. This unit of study will promote hands on experience, allowing students to observe and examine developing and differentiating tissues at the macroscopic and microscopic level. The main emphasis of this unit of study will concentrate on practical approaches to understanding the mechanisms that control animal development. Some projects may examine early developmental processes such as fertilization, cleavage, gastrulation and the formation of the primary germ layers and tissues. The parts played by stem cells and inductive cell and tissue interactions in differentiation, morphogenesis and pattern formation can also be examined at cellular and molecular levels.
Textbooks
Gilbert SF. Developmental Biology. 10th edition. Sinauer Associates Inc. 2013.
NEUR3003 Cellular and Developmental Neuroscience

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: A/Prof Kevin Keay, Dr Catherine Leamey Session: Semester 2 Classes: Three 1-hour lectures plus one 1-hour tutorial or one 2-hour practical per week. Prerequisites: (BMED2401 and BMED2402 and 6 additional credit points of BMED240X) OR (18 credit points of ANAT2XXX and/or BCHM2XXX and/or BIOL2XXX and/or CHEM2XXX and/or COMP2XXX and/or INFO2XXX and/or MATH2XXX and/or MICR2XXX and/or MBLG2XXX and/or PHSI2XXX and/or PSYC2XXX and/or STAT2XXX). Prohibitions: NEUR3903 Assumed knowledge: NEUR3X01/3X05 and NEUR3X02/3X06 or equivalent. Students who have not successfully completed an introductory neuroscience course are advised to familarise themselves with the content in Bear, Connors and Paradiso ¿Exploring the Brain¿. Assessment: Final exam. Mid-semester exam, Major essay/report, attendance and particpation in assessment of Advanced student presentations (100%). Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: Enrolment in (NEUR3004 or NEUR3904) is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Units of study are designed to be taken in conjunction with each other.
This second semester unit is designed to introduce students to "cutting edge" issues in the neurosciences. This course is a combination of small lectures on current issues in cellular and developmental neuroscience and a research-based library project. Issues covered in the lecture series will include the role of glial on cerebral blood flow and neural transmission, neurochemistry and psychiatric disorders and the development of central and peripheral nervous systems.
Textbooks
Kandell, Schwartz and Jessell. Principles of Neural Science. 4th edition. Elsevier. 2000.
NEUR3903 Cellular and Developmental Neurosci. (Adv)

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: A/Prof Kevin Keay, Dr Catherine Leamey Session: Semester 2 Classes: Three 1-hour lectures and one 1-hour tutorial or one 2-hour lab session per week. Prerequisites: An average mark of 75 in (NEUR3001 or NEUR3901 or NEUR3005 or NEUR3905) and (NEUR3002 or NEUR3902 or NEUR3006 or NEUR3906) Prohibitions: NEUR3003 Assumed knowledge: NEUR3X01/3X05 and NEUR3X02/3X06 or equivalent. Students who have not successfully completed an introductory neuroscience course are advised to familarise themselves with the content in Bear, Connors and Paradiso ¿Exploring the Brain¿. Assessment: Final exam. Mid-semester exam, Major essay/report, Mini-lecture, Attendance at and participation in assessment of advanced student presentations (100%). Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: Enrolment in (NEUR3004 or NEUR3904) is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Units of study are designed to be taken in conjunction with each other.
This unit encompasses the material taught in NEUR3003. Advanced students perform a research project and present a mini-lecture on a current topic in neuroscience.
Textbooks
Kandell, Schwartz and Jessell. Principles of Neural Science. 4th edition. Elsevier. 2000.
NEUR3004 Integrative Neuroscience

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: A/Prof Kevin Keay, Dr Catherine Leamey Session: Semester 2 Classes: One to three 1-hour lectures, one 2-hour tutorial. Prerequisites: (BMED2401 and 12 additional credit points of BMED240X) OR (18 credit points of ANAT2XXX and/or HSTO2XXX and/or BCHEM2XXX and/or BIOL2XXX and/or CHEM2XXX and/or COMP2XXX and/or INFO2XXX and/or MATH2XXX and/or MICR2XXX and/or MBLG2XXX and/or PHSI2XXX and/or PSYC2XXX and/or STAT2XXX). Prohibitions: NEUR3904 Assumed knowledge: NEUR3X01/3X05 and NEUR3X02/3X06 or equivalent. Students who have not successfully completed an introductory neuroscience course are advised to familarise themselves with the content in Bear, Connors and Paradiso ¿Exploring the Brain¿. Assessment: Mid-semester exam, Final exam, 3 short in-semester assessments/reports, Tutorial participation, attendance and at participation in assessment of Advanced student presentations (100%). Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: Enrolment in (NEUR3003 or NEUR3903) is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Units of study are designed to be taken in conjunction with each other.
This second semester unit is designed to introduce students to "cutting edge" issues in the neurosciences and to be taken in conjunction with NEUR3003. This course is a combination of small group lectures on current issues in neuroscience, seminar groups and a research-based library project. Seminars will be held on topics including imaging pain, emotions, cortical development and plasticity, colour vision, stroke and hypertension, and long-term regulation of blood pressure.
Textbooks
Kandell, Schwartz and Jessell. Principles of Neural Science. 4th edition.
NEUR3904 Integrative Neuroscience (Advanced)

Credit points: 6 Teacher/Coordinator: A/Prof Kevin Keay, Dr Catherine Leamey Session: Semester 2 Classes: One 1-hour lecture, one 2-hour tutorial and laboratory per week. Prerequisites: An average mark of 75 in (NEUR3001 or NEUR3901 or NEUR3005 or NEUR3905) and (NEUR3002 or NEUR3902 or NEUR3006 or NEUR3906) Prohibitions: NEUR3004 Assumed knowledge: NEUR3X01/3X05 and NEUR3X02/3X06 or equivalent. Students who have not successfully completed an introductory neuroscience course are advised to familarise themselves with the content in Bear, Connors and Paradiso ¿Exploring the Brain¿. Assessment: Mid-semester exam, Final exam, Major essay/report, Tutorial participation, Mini lecture, Attendance at and participation in assessment of advanced student presentations (100%). Campus: Camperdown/Darlington, Sydney Mode of delivery: Normal (lecture/lab/tutorial) day
Note: Department permission required for enrolment
Note: Enrolment in (NEUR3003 or NEUR3903) is HIGHLY RECOMMENDED. Units of study are designed to be taken in conjunction with each other.
This unit encompasses the material taught in NEUR3004. Advanced students perform a research project and present a mini-lecture on a current topic in neuroscience research.
Textbooks
Kandell, Schwartz and Jessell. Principles of Neural Science. 4th edition.
for other NEUR units, see the Physiology subject area entry in this table