Determinants research

Community attitudes: barriers to children's participation in organised sport

Adolescent-parent interactions regarding weight issues: a focus group study

A comparison of Australian families' expenditure on active and screen recreation using the ABS Household Expenditure Survey 2003-4

The Weight of Opinion: A qualitative study of young people, their carers and service providers

The Weight of Opinion Reports

An Age-Period-Cohort analysis of trends in physical activity in Australia 1990-2005.

The Weight of Time: Time influences on overweight and obesity

Patterns of overweight and obesity and risk factors in young offenders serving community orders

Nepean Kids Grow Up

Creating Healthy Environments

Promoting nutrition, physical activity and healthy weight through urban planning

Community attitudes: barriers to children's participation in organised sport

Investigators: Bridget Kelly, Lou Hardy, Louise Farrell, Lesley King

This study investigated parents' perceptions and views on factors which influence their children's participation in sports.

Publication:
Kelly B, Chapman K, King L, Hardy L, Farrell L. Double standards for community sports: promoting active lifestyles but unhealthy diets. Health Promot J Aust 2008; 19(3): 226-228.

Adolescent-parent interactions regarding weight issues: a focus group study

Investigators: Vanessa Shrewsbury, Lesley King, Louise Hardy, Louise Baur

This study examined different weight-related issues from the perspective of both parents and adolescents: adolescents' body weight; consumption of sugary drinks; and time spent in small screen recreation.

The nature of adolescent-parent interactions regarding body weight management is likely to have an impact on participation and success in interventions aimed at preventing and managing overweight in adolescents. Adolescents' and parents' knowledge and attitudes in relation to specific behaviours may also provide guidance for preventive interventions.

A comparison of Australian families' expenditure on active and screen recreation using the ABS Household Expenditure Survey 2003-4

Investigators: Robert Aitken, Adrian Bauman, Lesley King.

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This analysis compared expenditure on active recreation and screen recreation by Australian households with children, using data from the ABS Household Expenditure Survey 2003-4. The project has been conducted by Robert Aitken as part of the NSW Biostatistics Officer Training program.

Publication:
Aitken R, King L, Bauman A. A comparison of Australian families’ expenditure on active and screen-based recreation using the ABS Household Expenditure Survey 2003/04. Aust NZ J Public Health 2008, 32(3): 238-245.

The Weight of Opinion: A qualitative study of young people, their carers and service providers

Investigators: Michael Booth, Rachel Wilkenfeld , Deanna Pagnini, Lesley King, Sue Booth.

Contact:

This was a qualitative research project with young people, parents and service providers on their perceptions about the problem and solutions for overweight and obesity in children. Relevant service providers include school teachers, childcare staff and General Practitioners.

Through focus groups and structured interviews, the project explored how people identify overweight and obesity in children, how they talk about it, how they respond, and their ideas about who should be involved in tackling the problem.

Three reports have been prepared.

The Weight of Opinion Reports

WOO - Schools report cover
WOO - GP report cover
The Weight of Opinion report cover




Download report in Publications Section

Publications:
Pagnini D, Wilkenfeld R, King L, Booth M, Booth S. Early childhood sector staff perceptions of child overweight and obesity. Health Promotion Journal of Australia 2007; 18(2):149-154.

Pagnini DL, Wilkenfeld RL, King LA, Booth ML, Booth SL. Mothers of pre - school children talk about childhood overweight and obesity: The Weight of Opinion study. J Paediatrics & Child Health 2007; 43(12):806-810.

King L, Loss J, Wilkenfeld RL, Pagnini DL, Booth ML, Booth SL. Australian GPs perceptions about child and adolescent overweight and obesity. Brit J General Practice 2007, 57: 124-129.

Pagnini D, King L, Booth S, Wilkenfeld R, Booth M. The weight of opinion on childhood obesity: recognizing complexity and supporting collaborative action. Int J Ped Obesity 2009, doi 10.1080/17477160902763333; First Published on: 24 February 2009.

An Age-Period-Cohort analysis of trends in physical activity in Australia 1990-2005.

Investigators: Margaret Allman-Farinelli, Adrian Bauman, Dafna Merom, Heather Bowles, Tien Chey.

This analysis assessed how age, period and birth cohort (generation) individually contribute to changes in physical activity duration, frequency, intensity and energy expenditure.

Publication:
Allman-Farinelli MA, Chey T, Merom D, Bowles HR, Bauman AE. The effects of age, birth cohort and period on energy expended in leisure time physical activity by Australian adults: 1990-2005. Brit J Nutrition 2009, 101(4): 609-617.

The Weight of Time: Time influences on overweight and obesity

The reports analysed how three factors - ageing, the time of survey, and generation - affect patterns of weight gain. The findings highlight the problem of weight gain in Generation X-ers compared with older generations, and thus reflect the effects of modern life on weight gain. Social changes which promote weight gain - such as sedentary jobs and leisure activities, higher reliance on cars and an over-abundance of high calorie foods - have hit Generation X-ers at a young age.

Reports:
The Weight of Time: time influences on overweight and obesity in men
The Weight of Time: time influences on overweight and obesity in women
Download reports in Publications section

Publication:
Allman-Farinelli M, Chey T, Bauman A, Gill T, James P. (2008) Age, period and birth cohort effects on prevalence of overweight and obesity in Australian adults from 1990 to 2000. European J Clinical Nutrition, 62(7): 898-907

Patterns of overweight and obesity and risk factors in young offenders serving community orders

Investigators: Elizabeth Denney-Wilson, Louise Hardy in collaboration, with Dianna T Kenny and Paul Nelson, School of Behavioural and Community Health Sciences, University of Sydney.

This study was conducted in collaboration with the School of Behavioural and Community Health Sciences, on health risks amongst young offenders serving community orders in NSW.

Publication:
Denney-Wilson E, Hardy LL, Kenny D, Nelson P. Associations between overweight and obesity and risk factors for cardiovascular disease and fatty liver in young offenders serving community orders. Vulnerable Children & Youth Studies 2007, 2(2):165-172.

Nepean Kids Grow Up - television viewing

Investigators: Louise Hardy, Louise Baur

Contact:

The Nepean Kids Grow Up Study comprised a birth cohort born term at Nepean Hospital, Penrith, (NSW) between August 1989 and April 1990 who have been prospectively followed and data on the children collected at 7/8 years, 11/12 years and 14/15 years of age. The primary study aims are to characterize some of the foetal and middle childhood influences on obesity and metabolic risk in adolescence. One aspect of the study was to determine the association between factors in the family and home environment and viewing television, including video and DVD use, in early adolescence.

Publication:
Hardy LL, Baur LA, Garnett SP, Crawford D, Campbell K, Shrewsbury VA, Cowell CT, Salmon J. Family and home correlates of television viewing in 12-13 year old adolescents: The Nepean Study. International Journal of Behaviour Nutrition and Activity 2006, 3(1), 24.

Creating Healthy Environments: A review of links between the physical environment, physical activity and obesity

Investigators: K. Gebel, L. King, A. Bauman, P. Vita, T. Gill, A. Rigby, A. Capon.

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Description: This report included a Technical Report based on a review of public health research on links between the physical environment and physical activity, nutrition and obesity. It also included an Overview Report that provided a synthesis of the key findings from the review and key concepts about health and the physical environment that were familiar to policy makers and practitioners, with the aim of facilitating the application of research on this topic into practice.

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Promoting nutrition, physical activity and healthy weight through urban planning

Investigators: Adam Capon, Public Health Officer, NSW Health Department, Lesley King

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This project provided health professionals with an overview of current approaches to urban planning.