Health and the Mass Media

Here you will find a list of useful articles that address the topic of 'Health and the Mass Media' across a range of issues. You will also find examples of outstanding MPH Public Health Advocacy student essays below.

Please send any further suggestions for additions to .

Note: Please DO NOT request these articles from Simon Chapman. This list of articles is a reference point only, and is made available as a resource to direct you to useful readings and articles. It is your responsibility to locate these articles.

Articles

Advocacy Aging
AIDS/HIV, Sexuality, Contraception, STDs Alcohol
Attitudes towards Media by Health Workers Cancer
Dental Health Disability
Doctors, Nurses Drugs
Environmental Health, Disasters Ethics
Exercise, Fitness, Sport Fear in Mass Communication
Framing Theory Genetics
Health Care Immunisation, Infectious Diseases
Injury Media Effects
Media Usage Mental Health, Suicide
Miscellaneous Media Disease Portrayal News Coverage of Health, Medicine - General
News Process Nutrition, Obesity, Dieting
Risk Reportage and Perception Science
Tobacco Violence
Women's Health

Student essays

These are examples of outstanding MPH Public Health Advocacy student essays from 2001, addressing the following issues:

Health and the Mass Media Articles

Advocacy: Articles urging and analysing advocacy in heath & medicine

  • Aguinaga Bialous S, Glantz SA. Arizona's tobacco control initiative illustrates the need for continuing oversight by tobacco control advocates. Tobacco Control 1999;8(2):141-51.
  • Anonymous. Taking a stand. March on Washington, direct mailers, and newspaper ads spread hospital's message of violence prevention. St. Joseph's Children's Hospital, Tampa, FL. Profiles in Healthcare Marketing 1995(64):16-9.
  • Anonymous. Communicating emerging scientific information. Nutrition Reviews 1996;54(5):153-7.
  • Baker JA, Lepley CJ, Krishnan S, Victory KS. Celebrities as health educators: media advocacy guidelines. Journal of School Health 1992;62(9):433-5.
  • Balbach ED, Glantz SA. Tobacco control advocates must demand high-quality media campaigns: the California experience. Tobacco Control 1998;7(4):397-408.
  • Beaglehole R. Science, advocacy and the public health: lessons from New Zealand's tobacco wars. J Public Health Policy 1991;12:175-83.
  • Begay ME, Glantz SA. Political expenditures by the tobacco industry in California State politics. San Francisco: University of California Institute for Health Policy Studies;55 Monograph Series, 1991.
  • Begay ME, Traynor M, Glantz SA. The tobacco industry, state politics, and tobacco education in California. Am J Public Health 1993;83:1214-21.
  • Bercaw GN. Advocacy training: A look toward the future for pediatric cancer patients and their families.: Pepperdine U., US.; 2000.
  • Blakemore C. Neuroscience and the media: the need for communication. Neuroscience 1993;57:217-26.
  • Bond CS. Politics, misinformation, and biotechnology. Science 2000;287(5456):1201.
  • Brady WJ. The role of the media in organ donation. Transplantation Proceedings 1990;22(3):1047-9.
  • Brawley EA. Teaching social work students to use advocacy skills through the mass media. Journal of Social Work Education 1997;33(3):US: Council on Social Work Education.
  • Brownson RC, Koffman DM, Novotny TE, Hughes RG, Eriksen MP. Environmental and policy interventions to control tobacco use and prevent cardiovascular disease. Health Education Quarterly 1995;22(4):478-98.
  • Calnon WR, Buley CA. Getting the word out on dental benefits. New York State Dental Journal 1996;62(10):21-4.
  • Carey V, Chapman S, Gaffney D. Children's lives or garden aesthetics? A case study in public health advocacy. Aust J Public Health 1994;18:25-32.
  • Carlisle S. Health promotion, advocacy and health inequalities: A conceptual framework. Health Promotion International 2000;15(4):England: Oxford Univ Press.
  • Carr-Gregg M. Interaction of public policy advocacy and research in the passage of New Zealand's Smoke-free Environments Act 1990. Addiction 1993;88 (Supplement):35S-41S.
  • Carpenter DO. Communicating with the public on issues of science and public health. Environmental Health Perspectives 1995;103(Suppl 6):127-30.
  • Cartwright L. Community and the Public Body in Breast Cancer Media Activism. Cultural Studies 1998;12(2):117-138.
  • Chapman S. Anatomy of a campaign: the attempt to defeat the NSW Tobacco Advertising Prohibition Bill 1991. Tobacco Control 1992;1:50-6
  • Chapman S. Upgrading the academic respectability of advocacy studies in tobacco policy implementation. Tobacco Control 1992;2:81-3.
  • Chapman S. The role of advocacy in influencing government policy on tobacco. Lung Cancer 1993; 9:29-34.
  • Chapman S, Lupton D. The fight for public health: principles and practice of media advocacy. London:BMJ Books, 1994.
  • Christoffel KK. Public health advocacy: process and product. American Journal of Public Health 2000;90(5):722-6.
  • Convissor RB, Vollinger RE, Wilbur P. Using national news events to stimulate local awareness of public policy issues. Public Health Reports 1990;105:257-60.
  • Crossley N. Transforming the Mental Health Field: The Early History of the National Association for Mental Health. Sociology of Health & Illness 1998;20(4):458-488.
  • DeJong W. MADD Massachusetts versus Senator Burke: a media advocacy case study. Health Education Quarterly 1996;23(3):318-29.
  • Dickinson S. How to take on the media. London:Weidenfeld and Nicholson, 1990.
  • Dorfman L, Wallack L. Advertising health - the case for counter-ads. Public Health Reports 1993; 108(6):716-26.
  • Ellis GA, Hobart RL, Reed DF. Overcoming a Powerful Tobacco Lobby in Enacting Local Smoking Ordinances: The Contra Costa County Experience. Journal of Public Health Policy 1996;17(1):28-46.
  • Emmons KM, Kawachi I, Barclay G. Tobacco control: a brief review of its history and prospects for the future. Hematology - Oncology Clinics of North America 1997;11(2):177-95.
  • Fintor L. Patient activism: cancer groups become vocal and politically active. J Natl Cancer Inst 1991;83:528-9.
  • Freeman IC. Nursing Home Politics at the State Level and Implications for Quality: The Minnesota Example. Generations 1997;21(4):44-48.
  • Ginsburg PB, Lesser CS. The view from communities. Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 1999;24(5):1005-13.
  • Gordis E. From science to social policy: an uncertain road. J Studies Alcohol 1991;3:101-9.
  • Hallett MA, Cannella D. Gatekeeping through media format: strategies of voice for the HIV-positive via human interest news formats and organizations. J Homosexuality 1994; 26:111-34.
  • Harrison T. Climbing Mount Everest: Tackling the Media at a Regional Level. Psychiatric Bulletin 1998;22(2):111-112.
  • Hart D, Phillipson J. Commentary: Is psychiatry media-friendly? Psychiatric Bulletin 2000;24(8):289.
  • Haslam C, Bryman A (eds). Social scientists meet the media. London:Routledge, 1994.
  • Havel JT. Associations and public interest groups as advocates. Administration & Policy in Mental Health 1992;20(1):27-44.
  • Heiser PF, Begay ME. The campaign to raise the tobacco tax in Massachusetts. American J Public Health 1997; 87:968-73.
  • Hill BJ, Basser ML. Ageing in the Inner City: Advocacy for the Voiceless. Australian Journal on Ageing 1998;17(1):16-17.
  • Holder HD, Treno AJ. Media advocacy in community prevention - news as a means to advance policy change. Addiction 1997; 92:S 189-S 199.
  • Howze EH, Redman LJ. The uses of theory in health advocacy: policies and programs. Health Education Quarterly 1992;19(3):368-83.
  • Jernigan DH, Wright PA. Media advocacy - lessons from community experiences. J Public Health Policy 1996; 17:306-30.
  • Koehler WF, Van Marter ND. Case study. Turning media gatekeepers into advocates. Journal of Health Care Marketing 1995;15(3):59-63.
  • Krug GJ, Hepworth J. Communication Ethics in Public Health. Critical Public Health 1999;9(2):103-116.
  • Leeson LL. Advocacy for prevention: The role of the Mental Health Association in Michigan. Prevention in Human Services 1989;6(2):53-58.
  • Lupton D. Toward the development of critical health communication praxis. Health Communication 1994;6(1):55-67.
  • MacAskill SG, Hastings GB. Listen and you will be heard: the importance of the consumer in the development of mass media material. Hygie 1991;10(2):28-31.
  • Macdonald, H. S. Aguinaga, et al. The defeat of Philip Morris' 'California Uniform Tobacco Control Act'. American Journal of Public Health 1997; 87: 1989-96.
  • Malekoff A. Bureaucratic barriers to service delivery, administrative advocacy, and Mother Goose. Families in Society 2000;81(3):304-314.
  • McCabe MS, Varricchio CG, Padberg R, Simpson N. Women's health advocacy: its growth and development in oncology. Seminars in Oncology Nursing 1995;11(2):137-42.
  • McLoughlin E, Fennell J. The power of survivor advocacy: making car trunks escapable. Injury Prevention 2000;6(3):167-70.
  • Menashe CL, Siegel M. The power of a frame: An analysis of newspaper coverage of tobacco issues–United States, 1985-1996. Journal of Health Communication 1998;3(4):307-325.
  • Menio DA. Advocating for the Rights of Vulnerable Nursing Home Residents: Creative Strategies. Journal of Elder Abuse & Neglect 1996.
  • Moon RW, Males MA, Nelson DE. The 1990 Montana Initiative to Increase Cigarette Taxes: Lessons for Other States and Localities. Journal of Public Health Policy 1993;14(1):19-33.
  • Morgan S, Nackerud L, Yegidis B. Domestic Violence Gun Ban: An Analysis of Interest-Group Conflict. Affilia-Journal of Women & Social Work 1998;13(4):474-486.
  • Mosher JF. Alcohol Policy and the Young Adult: Establishing Priorities, Building Partnerships, Overcoming Barriers. Addiction 1999;94(3):357-369.
  • Neilsen GA, Young FJ. HIV/AIDS, advocacy and anti-discrimination legislation–the Australian response. International Journal of STD & AIDS 1994;5(1):13-7.
  • Niessen LC. Sharing visions and voices: oral health advocacy in the future. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 1990;50(3):195-8.
  • Otten AL. The influence of the mass media on health policy. Health Affairs 1992;Winter:111-8.
  • Paalman M. How to Do (Or Not to Do)...: Media Analysis for Policy Making. Health Policy & Planning 1997;12(1):86-91.
  • Parkes G. Redefining the Legitimacy of Anti-Abortion Pressure Groups in Europe, Looking at France, Britain and Central Europe. Journal of Social Welfare Law 1999.
  • Patterson TE. The news media - an effective political actor. Political Communication1997;14(4):445 ff.
  • Pedalini LM, Dallari SG, Barber-Madden R. Public Health Advocacy on Behalf of Women in Sao Paulo: Learning to Participate in the Planning Process. Journal of Public Health Policy 1993;14(2):183-197.
  • Rickards LD. Professional and organized provider associations. Administration & Policy in Mental Health 1992;20(1):11-25.
  • Roberts MC, Alexander K, Davis NJ. Children's rights to physical and mental health care: A case for advocacy. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology 1991;20(1):18-27.
  • Rogers T, Feighery EC, Tencati EM, Butler JL, Weiner L. Community mobilization to reduce point-of-purchase advertising of tobacco products. Health Education Quarterly 1995;22(4):427-42.
  • Rohrich RJ. If it sounds too good to be true...evaluating consumer health and cosmetic surgery claims. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery 1999;104(5):1472-3.
  • Ross EC. Success and failure of advocacy groups: A legislative perspective. Administration & Policy in Mental Health 1992;20(1):57-66.
  • Russell A, Voas RB, Dejong W, Chaloupka M. MADD rates the states: a media advocacy event to advance the agenda against alcohol-impaired driving. Public Health Reports 1995;110(3):240-5.
  • Russell KM. Public policy analysis of Indiana's minority health initiatives. Ethnicity & Health 1997;2(1/2):105-16.
  • Russell A, Voas RB, Dejong W, Chaloupka M. MADD rates the states: a media advocacy event to advance the agenda against alcohol-impaired driving. Public Health Reports 1995;110(3):240-5.
  • Samuels B, Glantz SA. The politics of local tobacco control. JAMA 1991;266:2110-2117.
  • Samuels BE, Begay ME, Hazan AR, Glantz SA. Philip Morris' failed experiment in Pittsburg. J Health Politics, Policy and Law 1992;17:329-51.
  • Schauffler HH, Wilkerson J. National health care reform and the 103rd Congress: the activities and influence of public health advocates. American Journal of Public Health 1107;87(7):1107-12.
  • Schooler C, Sundra SS, Flora J. Effects of the Stanford Five-City Project media advocacy program. Health Education Q 1996;23:346-64.
  • Shelov SP. The use of media to impact on legislation. Pediatr Ann 1995;24:419-20,22-5.
  • Shakespeare T. 'Losing the Plot'? Medical and Activist Discourses of Contemporary Genetics and Disability. Sociology of Health & Illness 1999;21(5):669-688.
  • Shaw CM. Chronic illness: a media perspective. WHO Regional Publications. European Series 1992;44:256-61.
  • Shore MF. Beyond self-interest: Professional advocacy and the integration of theory, research, and practice. American Psychologist 1998;53(4):474-479.
  • Siegel M, Carol J, Jordan J, Hobart R, Schoenmarklin S, Dumelle F, Fisher P, Preemption in tobacco control - review of an emerging public health problem JAMA 1997; 278:858-63.
  • Siegel M, Wallack L, Dorfman L, Jernigan D, Themba M. Media Advocacy and Public Health: Power for Prevention. International Quarterly of Community Health Education 1996.
  • Simons-Morton BG, Donohew L, Crump AD. Health communication in the prevention of alcohol, tobacco, and drug use. Health Education & Behavior 1997;24(5):544-54.
  • Stewart L, Casswell S. Media Advocacy for Alcohol Policy Support: Results from the New Zealand Community Action Project. Health Promotion International 1993.
  • Stockdill JW. A government manager's view of mental health advocacy groups. Administration & Policy in Mental Health 1992;20(1):45-55.
  • Sunley R. Advocacy in the New World of Managed Care. Families in Society 1997;78(1):84-94.
  • Swankin DA. Assuring the continuing competence of health care professionals in the public interest. Citizen Advocacy Center. Journal of the American College of Dentists 1997;64(4):35-8.
  • Terkildsen N, Schnell FI, Ling C. Interest groups, the media, and policy debate formation - an analysis of message structure, rhetoric, and cues. Political Communication 1998;15:45-61.
  • Treno AJ, Holder HD. Community Mobilization: Evaluation of an Environmental Approach to Local Action. Addiction 1997;92(supplement 2):S173-S187.
  • Treno AJ, Holder HD. Community mobilization, organizing, and media advocacy. A discussion of methodological issues. Evaluation Review 1997;21(2):166-90.
  • Treno AJ, Breed L, Holder HD, Roeper P, Thomas BA, Gruenewald PJ. Evaluation of media advocacy efforts within a community trial to reduce alcohol-involved injury. Preliminary newspaper results. Evaluation Review 1996;20(4):404-23.
  • Vernick JS. Lobbying and advocacy for the public's health: what are the limits for nonprofit organizations? American Journal of Public Health 1999;89(9):1425-9.
  • Wachter RM. The fragile coalition:scientists, activists, and AIDS. New York:St Martin's Press, 1991.
  • Wachter RM. AIDS, activism, and the politics of health. New Eng J Med 1992;326:128-33.
  • Wallack L. Two approaches to health promotion in the mass media. World Health Forum 1990;11:143-54.
  • Wallack L. Improving health promotion: Media advocacy and social marketing approaches. In: Atkin C, Wallack L, editors. Mass communication and public health: Complexities and conflicts. Sage focus editions, Vol. 121. Newbury Park, CA, USA: Sage Publications, Inc; 1990. p. 147-163.
  • Wallack L, Dorfman L. Media advocacy: a strategy for advancing policy and promoting health. Health Ed Q 1996;23:293-317.
  • Wallack L, Dorfman L, Jernigan D, Themba M. Media advocacy and public health. Power for prevention. Newbury Park:Sage, 1993.
  • Wallack L, Sciandra R. Media advocacy and public education in the Community Intervention Trial to Reduce Heavy Smoking (COMMIT). International Quarterly of Community Health Education 1990;11(3):1991, 205-222.
  • West DM, Heith D, Goodwin C. Harry and Louise go to Washington: political advertising and health care reform. Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 1996;21(1):35-68.
  • Woodruff K. Media strategies for community health advocacy. Primary Care; Clinics in Office Practice 1995;22(4):805-15.
  • Zorack JL. The lobbying handbook. Available from the Professional Lobbying and Consulting Centre, 1111 14th Street NW, Washington, DC 20005,1990.

Aging

  • Bell J. In search of a discourse on aging: the elderly on television. Gerontologist 1992;32(3):305-11.
  • Bildtgard T. The Sexuality of Elderly People on Film-Visual Limitations. Journal of Aging & Identity 2000;5(3):169-183.
  • Chafetz PK, Holmes H, Lande K, Childress E, Glazer HR. Older adults and the news media: utilization, opinions, and preferred reference terms. Gerontologist 1998;38(4):481-9.
  • Combe K, Schmader K. Naturalizing Myths of Aging: Reading Popular Culture. Journal of Aging & Identity 1999;4(2):79-109.
  • Gibb H, Holroyd E. Images of Old Age in the Hong Kong Print Media. Ageing & Society 1996;16(2):151-175.
  • Hilt ML. Television news and elderly persons. Psychological Reports 1992;71(1):123-6.
  • McConatha JT, Schnell F, McKenna A. Description of older adults as depicted in magazine advertisements. Psychological Reports 1999;85(3 Pt 1):1051-6.
  • McKee P, McLerran J. The Old Prospector: The Treasure of the Sierra Madre as Exemplar of Old Age in Popular Film. International Journal of Aging & Human Development 1995.
  • Mundorf N, Brownell W. Media preferences of older and younger adults. Gerontologist 1990;30(5):685-91.
  • Peterson RT, Kapoor H. Hospital portrayal of seniors in newspaper advertisements: a content analysis. Journal of Hospital Marketing 1995;10(1):91-102.
  • Woodruff K. Alcohol advertising and violence against women. A media advocacy case study. Health Ed Q 1996;23:330-45.
  • Young P. TV debate is a dog's breakfast. Elderly Care 1997;9(2):46.

AIDS/HIV, Sexuality, Contraception, STDS

  • Akhtar R. Diffusion of AIDS in Africa (as reported by newspaper media). Geographia Medica 1990;20:85-9.
  • Anonymous. Assessment of broadcast media airings of AIDS-related public service announcements–United States, 1987-1990. MMWR - Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 1991;40:543-6.
  • Backstrom CH, Robins LS. The Media and AIDS: Health Elite Perspectives of Coverage. Journal of Health & Social Policy 1998.
  • Bennett L, Rose D, Jackson A, Thomas S. Psychological and Socio-Medical Aspects of HIV/AIDS: A Reflection on Publications in AIDS Care (1989-1995). AIDS Care 1998;10(1):115-121.
  • Boon SD, Griffin DW. The construction of risk in relationships - the role of framing in decisions about intimate relationships. Personal Relationships 1996; 3:293-306.
  • Booth KM. "Just Testing": Race, Sex, and the Media in New York's "Baby AIDS" Debate. Gender & Society 2000;14(5):644-661.
  • Brown J, Chapman S, Lupton D. Infinitesimal risk as public health crisis: news media coverage of a doctor-patient HIV contact tracing investigation. Social Science & Medicine 1996;43(12):1685-95.
  • Brown JD, Keller SN. Can the mass media be healthy sex educators? Family Planning Perspectives 2000;32(5):255-6.
  • Bush AJ, Boller GW. Rethinking the Role of Television Advertising during Health Crises: A Rhetorical Analysis of the Federal AIDS Campaigns. Journal of Advertising 1991.
  • Buxton R. "After It Happened...:" The Battle to Present AIDS in Television Drama. Velvet Light Trap 1991.
  • Calvert SL, Cocking RR, Smrcek M. AIDS Public Service Announcements: A Paradigm for Behavioral Science. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 1991;12(2):255-267.
  • Cameron P, Playfair WL, Wellum S. The Longevity of Homosexuals: Before and after the AIDS Epidemic. Omega - Journal of Death & Dying 1994.
  • Cameron P, Cameron K. What proportion of newspaper stories about child molestation involves homosexuality. Psychological Reports 1998;82(3 Pt 1):863-71.
  • Campbell D. Science and Nonsense. New Statesman & Society 1990;3(107):26-27.
  • Chatterjee N. AIDS-Related Information Exposure in the Mass Media and Discussion within Social Networks among Married Women in Bombay, India. AIDS Care 1999;11(4):443-446.
  • Clarke JN. Cancer, Heart Disease, and AIDS: What Do the Media Tell Us about These Diseases? Health Communication 1992.
  • Cohen J. Debate on AIDS Origin: Rolling Stone Weighs In. Science 1992;255(5051):1505.
  • Colby DC, Cook TE. Epidemics and agendas: the politics of nightly news coverage of AIDS. Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 1991;16(2):215-49.
  • Colby DC. Myth, media, and AIDS. Essay review. Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 1991;16(1):176-81.
  • Corcoran C. The Daily Mail has been trying to raise public anxiety over teenagers, sex and the contraceptive pill to reckless levels. Nursing Times 1998;94(9):23.
  • Dean M. AIDS and the Murdoch press. Lancet 1992;339(8804):1286.
  • Donovan MC. The problem with making AIDS comfortable: federal policy making and the rhetoric of innocence. Journal of Homosexuality 1997;32(3-4):115-44.
  • Drushel BE. Sensationalism or sensitivity: use of words in stories on acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) by Associated Press Videotext. Journal of Homosexuality 1991;21(1-2):47-61.
  • Dubois L. A Spoonful of Blood: Haitians, Racism and AIDS. Science as Culture 1996.
  • Ekecrantz J. Collective Textual Action: Discourse, Representation, Dramaturgy and Public Interaction in the Media Sphere. Nordicom Review 1997;18(2):21-40.
  • Erni J. Articulating the (Im)possible: Popular Media and the Cultural Politics of "Curing AIDS". Communication 1992.
  • Fejes F, Lennon R. Defining the lesbian/gay community? Market research and the lesbian/gay press. Journal of Homosexuality 2000;39(1):25-42.
  • Fennell R. AIDS/HIV articles published in selected professional health journals: 1981-1990. Journal of School Health 1991;61(9):385-7.
  • Findlay S. Media coverage of AIDS. In: Voeller BR, Reinisch JM, editors. AIDS and sex: An integrated biomedical and biobehavioral approach. Kinsey Institute series, Vol. 4. New York, NY, USA: Oxford University Press; 1990. p. 228-232.
  • Freimuth VS, Hammond SL, Edgar T, Monohan JL. Reaching those at risk: a content-analytic study of AIDS PSAs (public service announcements). Communication Research 1990; 17: 775-91.
  • Gibson MD. AIDS and the African Press. Media;1994(16):Apr, 349-356.
  • Goldin CS. Stigmatization and AIDS: critical issues in public health. Social Science & Medicine 1994;39(9):1359-66.
  • Goldstein R The implicated and the immune: cultural responses to AIDS. Milbank Quarterly 1990; 68: 295-319.
  • Gross L. The Contested Closet: The Ethics and Politics of Outing. Critical Studies in Mass Communication 1991;8(3):352-388.
  • Hallett MA. The Competing Social Constructions of HIV/AIDS: AIDS in the Arizona Media: Society for the Study of Social Problems; 1992.
  • Hamers FF, Bueller HA, Peterman TA. Communication of HIV Serostatus between Potential Sex Partners in Personal Ads. AIDS Education & Prevention 1997;9(1):42-48.
  • Hatala MN, Baack DW, Parmenter R. Dating with HIV: A Content Analysis of Gay Male HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative Personal Advertisements. Journal of Social & Personal Relationships 1998;15(2):268-276.
  • Hayashi Y, Nakayama E, Moriguchi H, Sato C. Articles on AIDS in major Japanese newspapers. Bulletin of Tokyo Medical & Dental University 1996;43(4):75-7.
  • Herlitz C, Brorsson B. AIDS in the minds of Swedish people: 1986-1989. AIDS 1990; 4: 1011-8.
  • Hertog JK, Fan DP. The Impact of Press Coverage on Social Beliefs: The Case of HIV Transmission. Communication Research 1995;22(5):545-574.
  • Holland J, Ramazanoglu, Scott S. AIDS: from panic stations to power relations, sociological perspectives and problems. Sociology 1990, 25:499-518.
  • Holliday R. Philadelphia: AIDS, Organization, Representation. In: Chpt in Organization-Representation: Work and Organization in Popular Culture, Hassard, John, & Holliday, Ruth Eds , London: Sage, 1998, pp 100-116.
  • Huber JT. Death and AIDS: a review of the medico-legal literature. Death Studies 1993;17(3):225-32.
  • Japsen B. AIDS reporting softer, study shows. Modern Healthcare 1996;26(27):14.
  • Jason LA. Tobacco, Drug, and HIV Preventive Media Interventions. American Journal of Community Psychology 1998;26(2):151-187.
  • Johnson MA, Gotthoffer AR, Lauffer KA. The Sexual and Reproductive Health Content of African American and Latino Magazines. The Howard Journal of Communications 1999;10(3):169-187.
  • Jones JW. Discourses on and of AIDS in West Germany, 1986-90. Journal of the History of Sexuality 1992;2(3):439-468.
  • Jones RH. Marketing the Damaged Self: The Construction of Identity in Advertisements Directed towards People with HIV/AIDS. Journal of Sociolinguistics 1997;1(3):393-418.
  • Juhasz A. The Contained Threat: Women in Mainstream AIDS Documentary. Journal of Sex Research 1990;27(1):25-46.
  • Kabir M, Islam MA. The Impact of Mass Media Family Planning Programmes on Current Use of Contraception in Urban Bangladesh. Journal of Biosocial Science 2000;32(3):411-419.
  • Kalichman SC. Magic Johnson and public attitudes toward AIDS: a review of empirical findings. AIDS Education & Prevention 1994;6(6):542-57.
  • Kenen RH. Readers' Interpretations of AIDS Stories in the Press: Implications for Health Promotion and Social Policy. Free Inquiry in Creative Sociology 1994;22(2):107-116.
  • King D. "Prostitutes as pariah in the age of AIDS": a content analysis of coverage of women prostitutes in The New York Times and the Washington Post September 1985-April 1988. Women & Health 1990;16(3-4):155-76.
  • Kitzinger J, Miller D. In Black and White: A Preliminary Report on the Role of the Media in Audience Understandings of 'African AIDS'. Glasgow: AIDS Media Research Project, 1991..
  • Krishnan SP, Durrah T, Winkler K. Coverage of AIDS in Popular African American Magazines. Health Communication 1997.
  • Lee J-S, Davie WR. Audience Recall of AIDS PSAs among U.S. and International College Students. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 1997;74(1):7-22.
  • Lichtenstein B. Death of AIDS Discourse? A Content Analysis of HIV/AIDS in ASA Programs and Sociology Journals. Association Paper: American Sociological Association; 2000.
  • Lukenbill WB. Erotized, AIDS-HIV Information on Public-Access Television: A Study of Obscenity, State Censorship and Cultural Resistance. AIDS Education & Prevention 1998;10(3):229-244.
  • Lule J. Journalism and Criticism: The Philadelphia Inquirer Norplant Editorial. Critical Studies in Mass Communication 1992;9(1):91-109.
  • Lupton D. AIDS and the popular media: a new perspective at Florence. AIDS Care 1991;3(4):447-9.
  • Lupton DA. From complacency to panic: AIDS and heterosexuals in the Australian press, July 1986 to June 1988. Health Education Research 1992;7(1):9-20.
  • Lupton D, Chapman S, Wong WL. Back to complacency: AIDS in the Australian press, March-September 1990. Health Education Research 1993;8(1):5-17.
  • Lupton D. Moral threats and dangerous desires. AIDS in the news media. London:Taylor & Francis, 1994.
  • Lupton D, McCarthy S, Chapman S. 'Doing the Right Thing' The Symbolic Meanings and Experiences of Having an HIV Antibody Test. Social Science & Medicine 1995;41(2):173-180.
  • Lupton D, McCarthy S, Chapman S. "Panic Bodies": Discourses on Risk and HIV Antibody Testing. Sociology of Health & Illness 1995;17(1):89-108.
  • Lupton D, Tulloch J. 'Bringing Home the Reality of It': Senior School Students' Responses to Mass Media Portrayals of HIV/AIDS. Australian Journal of Communication 1996.
  • Lyons JS, Larson DB, Bareta JC, Liu I, Anderson R, Sparks CH. A Systematic Analysis of the Quantity of AIDS Publications and the Quality of Research Methods in Three General Medical Journals. Evaluation & Program Planning 1990.
  • McCreanor T. "Why strengthen the city wall when the enemy has poisoned the well?" An assay of anti-homosexual discourse in New Zealand. Journal of Homosexuality 1996;31(4):75-105.
  • McGrath R Dangerous liaisons: health, disease and representation. In Boffin T, Gupta S (eds: Ecstatic Antibodies: Resisting the AIDS Mythology. London: Rivers Oram Press, 1990:142-55.
  • Moore J. AIDS: striking the happy media. Nature 1993;363(6428):391-2.
  • Myrick R. AIDS discourse: a critical reading of mainstream press surveillance of marginal identity. Journal of Homosexuality 1998;35(1):75-93.
  • Neilsen GA, Young FJ. HIV/AIDS, advocacy and anti-discrimination legislation–the Australian response. International Journal of STD & AIDS 1994;5(1):13-7.
  • Nelkin D. AIDS and the news media. Milbank Quarterly 1991;69(2):293-307.
  • Nelson SD. Wear your hat: representational resistance in safer sex discourse. Journal of Homosexuality 1994;27(1-2):285-304.
  • Nishino Y, Schunck M. Single Thai Women's Interpersonal Communication and Mass Media Reception on AIDS. AIDS Education & Prevention 1997;9(2):181-200.
  • Norton R, Schwartzbaum J, Wheat J. Language discrimination of general physicians - AIDS metaphors used in the AIDS crisis. Communication Research 1990; 17:809-26.
  • Pennaloza L. We're here, we're queer, and we're going shopping! a critical perspective on the accommodation of gays and lesbians in the U.S. marketplace. Journal of Homosexuality 1996;31(1-2):9-41.
  • Pratt GF. A decade of AIDS literature. Bulletin of the Medical Library Association 1992;80(4):380-1.
  • Reardon KK, Richardson JL. The important role of mass media in the diffusion of accurate information about AIDS. Journal of Homosexuality 1991;21(1-2):63-75.
  • Renne EP. Condom use and the popular press in Nigeria. Health Transition Review 1993;3(1):41-56.
  • Rhodes T, Shaughnessy R . Compulsory screening: advertising AIDS in Britain, 1986-89. Policy and Politics 1990; 18: 55-61.
  • Rosello M. Pictures of a Virus: Ideological Choices and the Representation of HIV. French Cultural Studies 1998;9(3(27)):337-349.
  • Ross JD, Scott GR. The association between HIV media campaigns and number of patients coming forward for HIV antibody testing. Genitourinary Med 1993; 69:193-5.
  • Rudelic-Fernandez D, Bajos N, Lert F, Ducot B, Spira A. Cinematographic Fiction and HIV Prevention: Evaluation of the Campaign '3000 scenarios contre un virus'. French Cultural Studies 1998;9(3(27)):351-365.
  • Sacks V. Women and AIDS: an analysis of media misrepresentations. Social Science & Medicine 1996;42(1):59-73.
  • Sapolsky BS, Tabarlet JO. Sex in Primetime Television: 1979 versus 1989. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media 1991;35(4):505-516.
  • Saywell C, Pittam J. The Discourse of HIV and AIDS in Women's Magazines: Feature Articles in Australian Cleo and Cosmopolitan. Australian Journal of Communication 1996.
  • Schwartz J, Murray D. AIDS and the Media. Public Interest 1996.
  • Seidel G. `Thank God I said No to AIDS': on the changing discourse of AIDS in Uganda. Discourse and Society 1990; 1: 61-84.
  • Seidel G. The competing discourses of HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa: discourses of rights and empowerment vs discourses of control and exclusion. Social Science & Medicine 1993;36(3):175-94.
  • Simanski JW. The birds and the bees: an analysis of advice given to parents through the popular press. Adolescence 1998;33(129):33-45.
  • Siska M, Jason J, Murdoch P, Yang WS, Donovan RJ. Recall of AIDS public service announcements and their impact on the ranking of AIDS as a national problem. Am J Public Health 1992; 82:1029-32.
  • Smith A. "Safety" in Gay Men's Personal Ads, 1985-1996. Journal of Homosexuality 2000.
  • Smith C. Sex and genre on prime time. J Homosexuality 1991; 21:119-38.
  • Sontag S. Illness as Metaphor and AIDS and Its Metaphors. New York: Anchor, 1989.
  • Thomson WM, Stewart JF, Carter KD, Spencer AJ. Public perception of cross-infection control in dentistry. Australian Dental Journal 1997;42(5):291-6.
  • Tulloch J. Evaluating the government media AIDS campaigns, 1986-1990. National AIDS Bulletin 1990; 4: 18-24.
  • Tulloch J, Chapman S. Experts in crisis: the framing of radio debate about the risk of AIDS to heterosexuals. Discourse and Society 1992;3:437-67.
  • Wachs FL, Dworkin SL. "There's No Such Thing as a Gay Hero": Sexual Identity and Media Framing of HIV-Positive Athletes. Journal of Sport & Social Issues 1997;21(4):327-347.
  • Walkey FH, Taylor AJW, Green DE. Attitudes to AIDS: a comparative analysis of a new and negative stereotype. Soc Sci Med 1990; 30: 549-52.
  • Williams JE. Discourses on Death: Obituaries and the Management of Spoiled Identity. Omega 1996.
  • Winick C. AIDS obituaries in the New York Times. AIDS & Public Policy Journal 1996;11(3):148-52.
  • Wolf MA, Kielwasser AP. Introduction: the body electric–human sexuality and mass media. Journal of Homosexuality 1991;21(1-2):7-18.
  • Wolffers I. Culture, media, and HIV/AIDS in Asia. Lancet 1997;349(9044):52-4.
  • Wysocki D, Harrison R. AIDS and the Media: A Look at How Periodicals Influence Children and Teenagers in Their Knowledge of AIDS. Association Paper: American Sociological Association; 1990.
  • Zepeda VS, Frick M. The 'Magical' Media Coverage of AIDS. Propaganda Review 1992.

Alcohol

  • Atkin CK. Effects of televised alcohol messages on teenage drinking patterns. Journal of Adolescent Health Care 1990;11(1):10-24.
  • Atkin CK, DeJong W. News coverage of alcohol and other drugs in U.S. college newspapers. Journal of Drug Education 2000;30(4):453-65.
  • Austin EW, Pinkleton BE, Fujioka Y. The role of interpretation processes and parental discussion in the media's effects on adolescents' use of alcohol. Pediatrics 2000;105(2):343-9.
  • Baillie RK. Determining the Effects of Media Portrayals of Alcohol: Going beyond Short Term Influence. Alcohol & Alcoholism 1996;31(3):235-242.
  • Basic MM. Reading the Alcoholic Film: Analysis of The Country Girl. Sociological Quarterly 1992;33(2):211-227.
  • Bennett P, Smith C, Nugent Z, Panter C. "Pssst . . . the really useful guide to alcohol": evaluation of an alcohol education television series. Health Education Research 1991;6(1):57-64.
  • Bochner S. The effectiveness of same-sex versus opposite-sex role models in advertisements to reduce alcohol consumption in teenagers. Addictive Behaviors 1994;19(1):69-82.
  • Borzekowski DL. Embedded anti-alcohol messages on commercial television: what teenagers perceive. Journal of Adolescent Health 1996;19(5):345-52.
  • Breed W, Wallack L, Grube JW. Alcohol advertising in college newspapers: a 7-year follow-up. Journal of American College Health 1990;38(6):255-62.
  • Carr-Gregg M, Scott J. Health messages on alcohol advertising: a positive or a counterproductive measure? New Zealand Medical Journal 1993;106(954):163-4.
  • Casiro OG, Stanwick RS, Pelech A, Taylor V. Public awareness of the risks of drinking alcohol during pregnancy: the effects of a television campaign. Child Health Committee, Manitoba Medical Association. Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Sante Publique 1994;85(1):23-7.
  • Casswell S. Public discourse on the benefits of moderation: implications for alcohol policy development. Addiction 1993;88(4):459-65.
  • Casswell S. Public Discourse on Alcohol. Health Promotion International 1997;12(3):251-257.
  • Connolly GM, Casswell S, Zhang JF, Silva PA. Alcohol in the mass media and drinking by adolescents: a longitudinal study. Addiction 1994;89(10):1255-63.
  • Convissor RB, Vollinger RE, Jr., Wilbur P. Using national news events to stimulate local awareness of public policy issues. Public Health Reports 1990;105(3):257-60.
  • DeJong W, Atkin CK. A review of national television PSA campaigns for preventing alcohol-impaired driving, 1987-1992. Journal of Public Health Policy 1995;16(1):59-80.
  • DeJong W, Atkin CK, Wallack L. A critical analysis of "moderation" advertising sponsored by the beer industry: are "responsible drinking" commercials done responsibly? Milbank Quarterly 1992;70(4):661-78.
  • DuRant RH, Rome ES, Rich M, Allred E, Emans SJ, Woods ER. Tobacco and alcohol use behaviors portrayed in music videos: a content analysis. American Journal of Public Health 1997;87(7):1131-5.
  • Everett SA, Schnuth RL, Tribble JL. Tobacco and Alcohol Use in Top-Grossing American Films. Journal of Community Health 1998;23(4):317-324.
  • Fedler F, Phillips M, Raker P, Schefsky D, Soluri J. Network commercials promote legal drugs: outnumber anti-drug PSA's 45-to-1. Journal of Drug Education 1994;24(4):291-302.
  • Golden J. "A tempest in a cocktail glass": mothers, alcohol, and television, 1977-1996. Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 2000;25(3):473-98.
  • Gorman DM. The Changing Role of Mass Media in Preventing Excessive Alcohol Use. Drugs-Education Prevention & Policy 1995.
  • Greenberg JL, Lewis SE, Dodd DK. Overlapping addictions and self-esteem among college men and women. Addictive Behaviors 1999;24(4):565-71.
  • Grube JW, Wallack L. Television beer advertising and drinking knowledge, beliefs, and intentions among schoolchildren. American Journal of Public Health 1994;84(2):254-9.
  • Guild T, Lowe G. Media messages and alcohol education: a school-based study. Psychological Reports 1998;82(1):124-6.
  • Hall CCI, Crum MJ. Women and "Body-isms" in Television Beer Commercials. Sex Roles 1994;31(5-6):329-337.
  • Holder HD, Treno AJ. Media advocacy in community prevention: news as a means to advance policy change. Addiction 1997;92(Suppl 2):S189-99.
  • Houn F, Bober MA, Huerta EE, Hursting SD, Lemon S, Weed DL. The association between alcohol and breast cancer: popular press coverage of research. American Journal of Public Health 1995;85(8 Pt 1):1082-6.
  • Jernigan DH, Wright PA. Media advocacy: lessons from community experiences. Journal of Public Health Policy 1996;17(3):306-30.
  • Jones-Webb R, Baranowski S, Fan D, Finnegan J, Wagenaar AC. Content analysis of coverage of alcohol control policy issues in black-oriented and mainstream newspapers in the U.S. Journal of Public Health Policy 1997;18(1):49-66.
  • Lalonde B, Rabinowitz P, Shefsky ML, Washienko K. La Esperanza del Valle: alcohol prevention novelas for Hispanic youth and their families. Health Education & Behavior 1997;24(5):587-602.
  • Lemmens PH, Vaeth PA, Greenfield TK. Coverage of beverage alcohol issues in the print media in the United States, 1985-1991. American Journal of Public Health 1999;89(10):1555-60.
  • Madden PA, Grube JW. The frequency and nature of alcohol and tobacco advertising in televised sports, 1990 through 1992. American Journal of Public Health 1994;84(2):297-9.
  • Mathios A, Avery R, Bisogni C, Shanahan J. Alcohol portrayal on prime-time television: manifest and latent messages. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1998;59(3):305-10.
  • Montonen M. Alcohol and the media. WHO Regional Publications. European Series 1996;62:1-165.
  • Parsons S, Rissel C, Douglas W. Alcohol portrayal in Australian prime time television in 1990 and 1997. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health 1999;23(1):67-71.
  • Pendleton LL, Smith C, Roberts JL. Drinking on television: a content analysis of recent alcohol portrayal. British Journal of Addiction 1991;86(6):769-74.
  • Pinsky I, Silva MT. A frequency and content analysis of alcohol advertising on Brazilian television. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1999;60(3):394-9.
  • Pomerleau J, McKeigue PM, Chaturvedi N. Factors associated with obesity in South Asian, Afro-Caribbean and European women. International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders 1999;23(1):25-33.
  • Resnick MD. Study group report on the impact of televised drinking and alcohol advertising on youth. Journal of Adolescent Health Care 1990;11(1):25-30.
  • Robinson TN, Chen HL, Killen JD. Television and music video exposure and risk of adolescent alcohol use. Pediatrics 1998;102(5):E54.
  • Russell A, Voas RB, Dejong W, Chaloupka M. MADD rates the states: a media advocacy event to advance the agenda against alcohol-impaired driving. Public Health Reports 1995;110(3):240-5.
  • Sidney S, Sternfeld B, Haskell WL, Jacobs DR, Jr., Chesney MA, Hulley SB. Television viewing and cardiovascular risk factors in young adults: the CARDIA study. Annals of Epidemiology 1996;6(2):154-9.
  • Simons-Morton BG, Donohew L, Crump AD. Health communication in the prevention of alcohol, tobacco, and drug use. Health Education & Behavior 1997;24(5):544-54.
  • Simpura J, Tigerstedt C. Social Problems, Their Prevalence and Perception: A Conclusion. Nad Publication 1992.
  • Slater MD, Domenech MM. Alcohol warnings in TV beer advertisements. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1995;56(3):361-7.
  • Slater MD, Rouner D, Murphy K, Beauvais F, Van Leuven J, Domenech-Rodriguez MM. Adolescent counterarguing of TV beer advertisements: evidence for effectiveness of alcohol education and critical viewing discussions. Journal of Drug Education 1996;26(2):143-58.
  • Slater MD, Rouner D, Murphy K, Beauvais F, Van Leuven J, Rodriguez MD. Male adolescents' reactions to TV beer advertisements: the effects of sports content and programming context. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1996;57(4):425-33.
  • Smith T. Alcohol: the role of the media–sense versus sensation. Journal of the Royal Society of Health 1994;114(4):219-20.
  • Snyder LB, Milici FF, Mitchell EW, Proctor DC. Media, product differences and seasonality in alcohol advertising in 1997. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2000;61(6):896-906.
  • Sobell LC, Sobell MB, Toneatto T, Leo GI. Severely dependent alcohol abusers may be vulnerable to alcohol cues in television programs. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1993;54(1):85-91.
  • Strasburger VC, Donnerstein E. Children, adolescents, and the media in the 21st century. Adolescent Medicine 2000;11(1):51-68.
  • Tomori M, Zalar B, Plesnicar BK. Gender differences in psychosocial risk factors among Slovenian adolescents. Adolescence 2000;35(139):431-43.
  • Visser L, Botha M. Alcohol on the television and in viewers' experience. Medicine & Law 1991;10(1):95-105.
  • Wallack L, Grube JW, Madden PA, Breed W. Portrayals of alcohol on prime-time television. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1990;51(5):428-37.
  • Waxer PH. Alcohol consumption in television programming in three English-speaking cultures. Alcohol & Alcoholism 1992;27(2):195-200.
  • Wechsler H, DeJong W, Shapiro GR, Lavin AT. "The responsibility to inform, the power to act": a conference for New England college newspaper editors on the role of the campus press in addressing substance use issues. Journal of Drug Education 1992;22(4):329-36.
  • Wyllie A, Casswell S, Stewart J. The Response of Young Men to Increased Television Advertising of Alcohol in New Zealand. Health Promotion International 1991.
  • Wyllie A, Zhang JF, Casswell S. Responses to televised alcohol advertisements associated with drinking behaviour of 10-17-year-olds. Addiction 1998;93(3):361-71.
  • Wyllie A, Zhang JF, Casswell S. Positive responses to televised beer advertisements associated with drinking and problems reported by 18 to 29-year-olds. Addiction 1998;93(5):749-60.

Attitudes Toward Media by Health Workers

  • Gellert GA, Higgins KV, Farley W, Lowery R. Public health and the media in California: a survey of local health officers. Public Health Rep 1994;109:284-9.
  • Gellert GA, Higgins KV, Lowery RM, Maxwell RM. A national survey of public health officers' interactions with the media. JAMA 1994; 271:1285-9.

Cancer

  • Adelman RC, Verbrugge LM. Death makes news: the social impact of disease on newspaper coverage. Journal of Health & Social Behavior 2000;41(3):347-67.
  • Andsager JL, Powers A. Social or Economic Concerns: How News and Women's Magazines Framed Breast Cancer in the 1990s. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 1999;76(3):531-550.
  • Andsager JL, Hust SJ, Powers A. Patient-blaming and representation of risk factors in breast cancer images. Women & Health 2000;31(2-3):57-79.
  • Banks SM, Salovey P, Greener S, Rothman AJ, Moyer A, Beauvais J, Epel E. The effects of message framing on mammography utilization. Health Psychology 1995; 14:178-84.
  • Barry MJ, Fleming C, Coley CM, Wasson JH, Fahs MC, Oesterling JE. Should medicare provide reimbursement for prostate-specific antigen testing for early detection of prostate cancer .1. Framing the debate. Urology 1995; 46:2-13.
  • Black ME. What did popular women's magazines from 1929 to 1949 say about breast cancer? Cancer Nursing 1995;18(4):270-7.
  • Brewin TB. Radiation, Chernobyl and the media. Medico-Legal Journal 1993;61(Pt 4):204-15.
  • Brody JE. Communicating cancer risk in print journalism. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs 1999(25):170-2.
  • Brown ML, Potosky AL. The presidential effect: the public health response to media coverage about Ronald Reagan's colon cancer episode. Public Opinion Quarterly 1990;54(3):317-29.
  • Brown P, Zavestoski S, McCormick S, Mandelbaum J, Alicea A, Luebke T. Print Media Coverage of Environmental Causation of Breast Cancer. Association Paper: American Sociological Association; 2000.
  • Bulliard JL, Reeder A. Getting the message across: sun protection information in media weather reports in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal 2001;114(1126):67-70.
  • Butel JS. Simian virus 40, poliovirus vaccines, and human cancer: research progress versus media and public interests. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2000;78(2):195-8.
  • Canto MT, Kawaguchi Y, Horowitz AM. Coverage and quality of oral cancer information in the popular press: 1987-98. Journal of Public Health Dentistry 1998;58(3):241-7.
  • Cartwright L. Community and the Public Body in Breast Cancer Media Activism. Cultural Studies 1998;12(2):117-138.
  • Chapman S, Marks R, King M. Trends in tans and skin protection used by models in Australian fashion magazines. Am J Public Health 1992;82:1677-80.
  • Clarke JN. Breast cancer in mass circulating magazines in the U.S.A. and Canada, 1974-1995. Women & Health 1999;28(4):113-30.
  • Clarke J, Robinson J. Testicular Cancer: Medicine and Machismo in the Media (1980-94). Health 1999;3(3):263-282.
  • Cohen J. Behind the headlines of endostatin's ups and downs. Science 1999;283(5406):1250-1.
  • Cowen P. The price of coffins: specious arguments by eminent doctors against the dangers of tobacco. BMJ 1999;319(7225):1621-3.
  • Dixon B. "Anti-cancer gene found". Current Biology 1998;8(12):R402.
  • Entwistle VA, Watt IS, Bradbury R, Pehl LJ. Media coverage of the Child B case. BMJ 1996;312(7046):1587-91.
  • Geller AC, Hufford D, Miller DR, Sun T, Wyatt SW, Reilley B, et al. Evaluation of the Ultraviolet Index: media reactions and public response. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 1997;37(6):935-41.
  • George PM, Kuskowski M, Schmidt C. Trends in photoprotection in American fashion magazines, 1983-1993. J Am Acad Dermatol 1996;34:424-8.
  • Gerlach KK, Marino C, Weed DL, Hoffman-Goetz L. Lack of colon cancer coverage in seven women's magazines. Women & Health 1997;26(2):57-68.
  • Goodman NW. Radiation and the press. BMJ 1991;302(6778):724.
  • Gray C. Secondhand-smoke story goes up in flames. Cmaj 1998;158(9):1178-80.
  • Greenberg M, Wartenberg D. Understanding mass media coverage of disease clusters. Am J Epidemiology 1990;132:S192–S195.
  • Greenberg M, Wartenberg D. Newspaper coverage of cancer clusters. Health Education Quarterly 1991;18(3):363-74.
  • Greenberg M, Wartenberg D. Communicating to an alarmed community about cancer clusters: A fifty state survey. J Community Health 1991;16:71-82.
  • Gutmann EJ. The case of the president's polyp: portrayal of pathologists in the media. Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society 1998;61(2):10-4.
  • Henderson L, Kitzinger J. The Human Drama of Genetics: 'Hard' and 'Soft' Media Representations of Inherited Breast Cancer. Sociology of Health & Illness 1999;21(5):560-578.
  • Hilger DJ. Medicine and media: mammography. Nebraska Medical Journal 1992;77(12):336-7.
  • Hoffman-Goetz L. Cancer experiences of African-American women as portrayed in popular mass magazines. Psycho-Oncology 1999;8(1):36-45.
  • Hoffman-Goetz L, MacDonald M. Cancer coverage in mass-circulating Canadian women's magazines. Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Sante Publique 1999;90(1):55-9.
  • Houn F, Bober MA, Huerta EE, Hursting SD, Lemon S, Weed DL. The association between alcohol and breast cancer: popular press coverage of research. American Journal of Public Health 1995;85(8 Pt 1):1082-6.
  • Jablon S, Boice JD. Reporting negative studies in the mass media. JAMA 1992;267(7):931.
  • Lebow MA. The pill and the press: reporting risk. Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;93(3):453-6.
  • Levine J. Risky business: communicating scientific findings to the public. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs 1999(25):163-6.
  • Lupton D. Femininity, responsibility, and the technological imperative: discourses on breast cancer in the Australian press. International Journal of Health Services 1994;24(1):73-89.
  • Markman M. The cruel "cancer cure" hype. Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine 1998;65(7):386-7.
  • Marshall E. The power of the front page of The New York Times. Science 1998;280(5366):996-7.
  • Martinez F. Responsibility of health providers and the media in response to scientific information. European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care 1997;2(1):25-30.
  • Matthews RA. Re: SV40 bugaboo: spinning the news. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1999;91(19):1685A-1686.
  • Mott L. Alar again: science, the media, and the public's right to know. International Journal of Occupational & Environmental Health 2000;6(1):68-70.
  • Moyer A, Greener S, Beauvais J, Salovey P. Accuracy of Health Research Reported in the Popular Press: Breast Cancer and Mammography. Health Communication 1995.
  • Passalacqua R, Campione F, Caminiti C, Salvagni S, Barilli A, Bella M, et al. Patients' opinions, feelings, and attitudes after a campaign to promote the Di Bella therapy. Lancet 1999;353(9161):1310-4.
  • Poe A. Cancer prevention or drug promotion? Journalists mishandle the tamoxifen story. International Journal of Health Services 1999;29(3):657-61.
  • Potter J, Wetherell M, Chitty A. Quantification Rhetoric-Cancer on Television. Discourse & Society 1991;2(3):333-365.
  • Reynolds T. News headlines feed on fear of cancer risk, experts say. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2001;93(1):9-11.
  • Rodgers JE. Introduction of section: overarching considerations in risk communications: romancing the message. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs 1999(25):21-2.
  • Rogers L. Pill scares and public responsibility. Lancet 1996;348(9025):486.
  • Russell C. Implications for improving risk communication through various channels: a discussion. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs 1999(25):177-8.
  • Russell C. Living can be hazardous to your health: how the news media cover cancer risks. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs 1999(25):167-70.
  • Ryan M, Dunwoody S, Tankard J. Risk information for public consumption: print media coverage of two risky situations. Health Education Quarterly 1991;18(3):375-90.
  • Salmon S. Scientists, media should not overstate 'breakthroughs'. Annals of Oncology 1998;9(8):794-5.
  • Sharf BF, Freimuth VS. The construction of illness on entertainment television: Coping with cancer on thirtysomething. Health Communication 1993;5(3):141-160.
  • Sharf BF, Freimuth VS, Greenspon P, Plotnick C. Confronting cancer on thirtysomething: audience response to health content on entertainment television. Journal of Health Communication 1996;1(2):157-72.
  • Sharf BF. Communicating breast cancer on-line: support and empowerment on the Internet. Women & Health 1997;26(1):65-84.
  • Sinclair J. Environmental effects on health. Nursing Standard 1999;13(26):42-6.
  • Till JE. Discussion groups on the Internet: where to begin? Canadian Journal of Oncology 1995;5(3):377-8.
  • Turkcharles S, Meyerowitz BE, Gatz M. Age differences in information-seeking among cancer patients. International J Aging & Human Development 1997; 45:85-98.
  • Van Nevel JP. Introduction of section: breakout session reports. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs 1999(25):179.
  • Vordermark D, Kolbl O, Flentje M. The Internet as a source of medical information. Investigation in a mixed cohort of radiotherapy patients. Strahlentherapie und Onkologie 2000;176(11):532-5.
  • Wadman M. Cancer 'cure' article stirs up hot debate. Nature 1998;393(6681):104-5.

Dental Health

  • Anonymous. Dentistry in the headlines: the profession and the press. Journal of the American Dental Association 1990;120(5):482-3, 485, 487-8, 490.
  • Eijkman MA, Hoebergen N, Moltzer G. The transmission of knowledge from dentistry and dental science to the press during the period 1981-1990. International Dental Journal 1994;44(4):360-1.
  • Farster V. Negative publicity and public perception. CDS Review 2000;93(4):22.
  • Farster V. Negative news by any other name smells just as nasty. CDS Review 2000;93(3):22.
  • Gerbert B, Bleecker T, Saub E. Dentists and the patients who love them: professional and patient views of dentistry. J Am Dental Assoc 1994;125:264-72.
  • Lowry RJ. What the papers say: how does the United Kingdom press treat water fluoridation and does it matter? British Dental Journal 2000;189(1):14-8.
  • McCann D. Dentistry in the headlines: the profession and the press. J Am Dent Assoc 1990;120:483-90.
  • Noguerol B, Follana M, Sicilia A, Sanz M. Analysis of oral health information in the Spanish mass media. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology 1992;20(1):15-9.
  • Schuman NJ, Owens BM, Johnson WW, Moore DS. Dentistry as portrayed in motion pictures and television. Compendium 1993;14(1):102, 104-6.
  • Serrano-Davey J. Media exposure of under-diagnosis. British Dental Journal 1999;186(2):52.
  • Smith C. Molding our image: the media and dentistry. CDS Review 1994;87(2):12-9
  • Smith KG, Christen KA. A fluoridation campaign: the Phoenix experience. J Public Health Dent 1990;50:319-22.

Disability

  • Auslander GK, Gold N. Media reports on disability: a binational comparison of types and causes of disability as reported in major newspapers. Disability & Rehabilitation 1999;21(9):420-31.
  • Auslander GK, Gold N. Disability terminology in the media: a comparison of newspaper reports in Canada and Israel. Social Science & Medicine 1999;48(10):1395-405.
  • Byrd EK. Television news reports related to disability. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research 1997;20(1):81-4.
  • Gregory RJ. Information exchange as empowerment: a case study. Disability & Rehabilitation 1996;18(7):362-4.
  • Yoshida RK, Wasilewski L, Friedman DL. Recent newspaper coverage about persons with disabilities. Exceptional Children 1990; 56:418-23.

Doctors, Nurses

  • Ambrosi E, Schwartz KB. The profession's image, 1917-1925, Part I: Occupational therapy as represented in the media. American Journal of Occupational Therapy 1995;49(7):715-9.
  • Anonymous. The Woodhull Study on nursing and the media: health care's invisible partner. Revolution 1998;8(2):64-70.
  • Barr S. The 1990 Florida Dental Investigation: is the case really closed? [see comments]. Annals of Internal Medicine 1996;124(2):250-4.
  • Basky G. Media coverage of health stories often inaccurate, MDs report. Cmaj 1999;161(4):361.
  • BeSaw L. Friend or foe? News media have tremendous impact on the medical profession. Texas Medicine 1996;92(2):48-51.
  • Bowers F. Medicine, the media and doctors under the spotlight. Irish Medical Journal 1999;92(4):328-30.
  • Brown J, Chapman S, Lupton D. Infinitesimal Risk as Public Health Crisis: News Media Coverage of a Doctor-Patient HIV Contact Tracing Investigation. Social Science & Medicine 1996;43(12):1685-1695.
  • Calle SC, Evans JT. Plastic surgery in the cinema, 1917-1993. Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery 1994;93(2):422-33.
  • Carryer J, Maclean S. Women's infertility: challenges for practice. Nursing Praxis in New Zealand 1998;13(1):23-32.
  • Chandler GE. Nurses in the news: from invisible to visible. Journal of Nursing Administration 1992;22(2):11-2.
  • Dingwall HM. 'To Be Insert in the Mercury': Medical Practitioners and the Press in Eighteenth-Century Edinburgh. Social History of Medicine 2000;13(1):23-44.
  • Ettinger LE. Nurse-midwives, the mass media, and the politics of maternal health care in the United States, 1925-1955. Nursing History Review 1999;7:47-66.
  • Greenblatt SH. The image of the "brain surgeon" in American culture: the influence of Harvey Cushing. Journal of Neurosurgery 1991;75(5):808-11.
  • Gutmann EJ. The case of the president's polyp: portrayal of pathologists in the media. Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society 1998;61(2):10-4.
  • Hallam J. From angels to handmaidens: changing constructions of nursing's public image in post-war Britain. Nursing Inquiry 1998;5(1):32-42.
  • Jaques C. Someone tell the media that nurses can do more than make beds. Nursing Times 1998;94(47):21.
  • Johnson T. Shattuck lecture - medicine and the media. New England Journal of Medicine 1998;339(2):87-92.
  • Kalisch PA, Kalisch BJ. Sex-Role Stereotyping of Nurses and Physicians on Prime-Time Television: A Dichotomy of Occupational Portrayals. Sex Roles 1984;10(7-8):533-553.
  • Kalwinsky RK. Framing Life and Death: Physician-Assisted Suicide and The New York Times from 1991 to 1996. Journal of Communication Inquiry 1998;22(1):93-112.
  • Litterst TA. Occupational therapy: the role of ideology in the development of a profession for women. American Journal of Occupational Therapy 1992;46(1):20-5.
  • Lupton D, Chapman S. Death of a heart surgeon: reflections on press accounts of the murder of Victor Chang. BMJ 1991;303(6817):1583-6.
  • Lupton D. G.P.: A Postmodern Medical Drama? Australian Journal of Communication 1995.
  • Lupton D, McLean J. Representing Doctors: Discourses and Images in the Australian Press. Social Science & Medicine 1998;46(8):947-958.
  • Lupton D. Doctors in the News Media: Lay and Medical Audiences' Responses. Journal of Sociology 1998;34(1):35-48.
  • Martinez F. Responsibility of health providers and the media in response to scientific information. European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care 1997;2(1):25-30.
  • McCann D. Dentistry in the headlines: the profession and the press. J Am Dent Assoc 1990;120:483-90.
  • Morrice AA. "The medical pundits": doctors and indirect advertising in the lay press 1922-1927. Medical History 1994;38(3):255-80.
  • Naish J. Nurses in the media. 'Hard-pressed angels'. Nursing Standard 1990;4(42):17.
  • Nocera A. Disasters, the media and doctors. Medical Journal of Australia 2000;172(3):137-9.
  • Prabhu NP, Duffy LC, Stapleton FB. Content analysis of prime-time television medical news. A pediatric perspective. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 1996;150(1):46-9.
  • Sieber JR, Powers CA, Baggs JR, Knapp JM, Sileo CM. Missing in action: nurses in the media. American Journal of Nursing 1998;98(12):55-6.
  • Simi E. Portrayal of the Physician-Patient Relationship in the Mass Media: A Content Analysis of Medically-Themed Movies and Television Shows. Virginia Social Science Journal 1997.
  • Spratt JS. Pathologists in the media. Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society 1998;61(4):30.
  • Walter G. The psychiatrist in American cartoons, 1941-1990. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 1992;85(2):167-72.
  • Willis JA. The pen is mightier than the scalpel. Commentary on the paper - public trust, and accountability for clinical performance: lessons from the national press reporting of the Bristol hearing. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 1999;5(3):343-6.

Drugs

  • Agar MH, Reisinger HS. Read all about it: media construction of a heroin epidemic. Substance Use & Misuse 2000;35(11):1551-71.
  • Andersen R. "Reality" TV and Criminal Justice. Humanist 1994;54(5):8-13.
  • Atkin CK, DeJong W. News coverage of alcohol and other drugs in U.S. college newspapers. Journal of Drug Education 2000;30(4):453-65.
  • Brownstein HH. The Media and the Construction of Random Drug Violence. Social Justice 1991;18(4):85-103.
  • Chapman S. Advertising and psychotropic drugs: the place of myth in ideological reproduction. Social Science & Medicine - Medical Psychology & Medical Sociology 1979;13A(6):751-64.
  • Davies JB, Ditton J. The 1990s: decade of the stimulants? British Journal of Addiction 1990;85(6):811-3.
  • Egarter C, Strohmer H, Lehner R, Foldy M, Leitich H, Berghammer P. Contraceptive knowledge and attitudes of Austrian adolescents after mass media reports linking third-generation oral contraceptives with an increased risk of venous thromboembolism. Contraception 1997;56(3):147-52.
  • Elliott AJ, Chapman S. 'Heroin Hell Their Own Making': Construction of Heroin Users in the Australian Press 1992-97. Drug & Alcohol Review 2000;19(2):191-201.
  • Fan DP. News media framing sets public opinion that drugs is the country's most important problem. Substance Use & Misuse 1996;31(10):1413-21.
  • Gabe J, Gustafsson U, Bury M. Mediating Illness: Newspaper Coverage of Tranquilliser Dependence. Sociology of Health & Illness 1991;13(3):332-353.
  • Gillman M. Media statements by drug experts can be dangerous. Nursing RSA 1992;7(6):19-20.
  • Hillert A, Sandmann J, Ehmig SC, Sobota K, Weisbecker W, Kepplinger HM, et al. Psychopharmacological drugs as represented in the press: results of systematic analysis of newspapers and popular magazines. Pharmacopsychiatry 1996;29(2):67-71.
  • Krupka LR, Vener AM. Gender Differences in Drug (Prescription, Non-Prescription, Alcohol and Tobacco) Advertising: Trends and Implications. Journal of Drug Issues 1992;22(2):339-360.
  • Lawrence G, Bammer G, Chapman S. 'Sending the wrong signal': analysis of print media reportage of the ACT heroin prescription trial proposal, August 1997. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health 2000;24(3):254-64.
  • Lebow MA. The pill and the press: reporting risk. Obstetrics & Gynecology 1999;93(3):453-6.
  • Lemmens PH, Vaeth PA, Greenfield TK. Coverage of beverage alcohol issues in the print media in the United States, 1985-1991. American Journal of Public Health 1999;89(10):1555-60.
  • Lisnov L, Harding CG, Safer LA, Kavanagh J. Adolescents' perceptions of substance abuse prevention strategies. Adolescence 1998;33(130):301-11.
  • Lyttle T, Montagne M. Drugs, music, and ideology: a social pharmacological interpretation of the Acid House Movement. International Journal of the Addictions 1992;27(10):1159-77.
  • Meyer CR. Media mishandle medical news. Minnesota Medicine 1992;75(6):7.
  • Montagne M. The metaphorical nature of drugs and drug taking. Social Science and Medicine 1988; 26: 417-24.
  • Patterson SJ. Messages discriminated from the media about illicit drugs. Journal of Drug Education 1994;24(4):351-61.
  • Reinarman C, Duskin C. Dominant Ideology and Drugs in the Media. In: Chpt in Making Trouble: Cultural Constructions of Crime, Deviance, And Control, Ferrell, Jeff, & Websdale, Neil Eds , Hawthorne, NY: Aldine De Gruyter, 1999, pp 73-87.
  • Riska E, Hagglund U. Advertising for psychotropic drugs in the Nordic countries: metaphors, gender and life situations. Social Science & Medicine 1991;32(4):465-71.
  • Southgate E, Hopwood M. Mardi Gras Says "Be Drug Free": Accounting for Resistance, Pleasure and the Demand for Illicit Drugs. Health 1999;3(3):303-316
  • Stein HF. In what systems do alcohol/chemical addictions make sense? Clinical ideologies and practices as cultural metaphors. Social Science and Medicine 1990; 30: 987-1000.
  • van der Geest S, Whyte SR The charm of medicines: metaphors and metonyms. Medical Anthropology 1989; 3: 345-67.
  • van Trigt AM, de Jong-van den Berg LT, Pasman M, Haaijer-Ruskamp FM, Willems J, Tromp TF. Information about drugs in family magazines. Pharm World Sci 1995; 17: 48-53.

Environmental Health, Disasters

  • Allen JR. After the bombing: public scenarios and the construction of meaning. Journal - Oklahoma State Medical Association 1999;92(4):187-92.
  • Bankoff G. Rendering the world unsafe: 'vulnerability' as western discourse. Disasters 2001;25(1):19-35.
  • Brewin TB. Radiation, Chernobyl and the media. Medico-Legal Journal 1993;61(Pt 4):204-15.
  • Davis JJ.The effects of message framing on response to environmental communications. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 1995;72:285-99.
  • Forbes WF, McAiney CA, Hayward LM, Agwani N. Geochemical Risk Factors for Mental Functioning, Based on the Ontario Longitudinal Study of Aging (LSA) II. The Role of pH. Canadian Journal on Aging/La Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement 1994;13(2):249-267.
  • Friedman FD. Public relations in disaster management and planning for emergency physicians.J Emerg Med 1995;13:661-8.
  • Freimuth VS, Van Nevel JP. Channels and vehicles of communication: the asbestos awareness campaign. Am J Industrial Med 1993; 23:105-11.
  • Gage JD, Gordon JDM. Sound bites, science and the Brent Spar - environmental considerations relevant to the deep-sea disposal option. Marine Pollution Bulletin 1995; 30:772-9.
  • Garner AC, Huff WA. The wreck of Amtrak's Sunset Limited: news coverage of a mass transport disaster. Disasters 1997;21(1):4-19.
  • Griffin RJ, Dunwoody S, Gehrmann C. The Effects of Community Pluralism on Press Coverage of Health Risks from Local Environmental Contamination. Risk Analysis 1995;15(4):449-458.
  • Griffin RJ, Dunwoody S. Impacts of Information Subsidies and Community Structure on Local Press Coverage of Environmental Contamination. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 1995;72(2):271-284.
  • Griffin RJ, Dunwoody S. Community structure and science framing of news about local environmental risks. Science Communication 1997; 18:362-84.
  • Gunter VJ. Defending DDT: Media Coverage of Corporate Claims in an Environmental Controversy. Association Paper: Society for the Study of Social Problems; 1992.
  • Gunter VJ. Environmental Controversies, News Media, and the State: The Case of Synthetic Organic Pesticides in the 1940s, 1950s, and 1960s. Dissertation Abstracts International 1995;55(12):4011-A-4012-A.
  • Gunter VJ, Harris CK. Noisy Winter: The DDT Controversy in the Years before Silent Spring. Rural Sociology 1998;63(2):179-198.
  • Johnson BB, Slovic P. Presenting uncertainty in health risk assessment: initial studies of its effects on risk perception and trust. Risk Analysis 1995;15(4):485-94.
  • Litfin KT,Framing science - precautionary discourse and the ozone treaties. Millennium-J International Studies 1995; 24:251-77.
  • Lynch MJ, Stretesky P, Hammond P. Media Coverage of Chemical Crimes, Hillsborough County, Florida, 1987-97. British Journal of Criminology 2000;40(1):112-126.
  • Miller DS. A Construction of Competing Disaster Narratives: Media Coverage of the Distribution f Risk following a Technological Disaster. Dissertation Abstracts International 1998;58(7):2876-A.
  • Ploughman P. The American print news media 'construction' of five natural disasters. Disasters 1995;19(4):308-26.
  • Ploughman P. Disasters, the media and social structures: a typology of credibility hierarchy persistence based on a newspaper coverage of the Love Canal and six other disasters. Disasters 1997;21(2):118-37.
  • Shibley MA, Prosterman A. Silent Epidemic, Environmental Injustice, or Exaggerated Concern? Competing Frames in the Media Definition of Childhood Lead Poisoning as a Public Health Problem. Industrial & Environmental Crisis Quarterly 1998;11(1):33-58.
  • Stephens HW. The Texas City Disaster: A Re-Examination. Industrial & Environmental Crisis Quarterly 1993.

Ethics

  • Andre J, Fleck L, Tomlinson T. Improving our aim. Journal of Medicine & Philosophy 1999;24(2):130-47.
  • Bulfield G, Campbell K, James R, Wilmut I. Voices from Roslin: the creators of Dolly discuss science, ethics, and social responsibility. Interview by Arlene Judith Klotzko. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1998;7(2):121-40.
  • Connell EB. The exploitation of autoimmune disease: breast implant litigation and its dire implications for women's health. Journal of Womens Health 1998;7(3):329-38.
  • Engelhardt HT, Jr. Healthcare Ethics Committees: Re-Examining Their Social and Moral Functions. HEC Forum 1999;11(2):87-100.
  • Evans M. Bioethics and the newspapers. Journal of Medicine & Philosophy 1999;24(2):164-80.
  • Garcia VD, Goldani JC, Neumann J. Mass media and organ donation. Transplantation Proceedings 1997;29(1-2):1618-21.
  • Garrow JS. Why do the media get healthcare stories so wrong? Medico-Legal Journal 1998;66(Pt 1):31-3.
  • Goodman KW. Philosophy as news: bioethics, journalism and public policy. Journal of Medicine & Philosophy 1999;24(2):181-200.
  • Guttman N. Ethical Dilemmas in Health Campaigns. Health Communication 1997.
  • Hamelink CJ. Ethics for media users. European J Communication 1995;10:497-512.
  • Hopkins PD. Bad copies. How popular media represent cloning as an ethical problem. Hastings Center Report 1998;28(2):6-13.
  • Martinez F. Responsibility of health providers and the media in response to scientific information. European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care 1997;2(1):25-30.
  • Nelson JL. Bioethics as several kinds of writing. Journal of Medicine & Philosophy 1999;24(2):148-63.
  • Pence GE. Medicine, the media, and bioethics. Journal of Womens Health 1998;7(10):1217-23.
  • Richmond C. Debate about multiple pregnancies moves to new heights in Britain. Cmaj 1996;155(9):1314-5
  • Strasser T, Gallagher J. The ethics of health communication. World Health Forum 1994; 15:175-7.

Exercise, Fitness, Sport

  • Brewer BW, Vanraalte JL, Petitpas AJ, Bachman AD, Weinhold RA. Newspaper portrayals of sport psychology in the United States, 1985-1993. Sport Psychologist 1998; 12:89-94.
  • Fabian G, Lukacsko Z, Giczey P. Jogging West-Awakening East. Association Paper: International Sociological Association; 1994.
  • Kinkema KM, Harris JC. Sport and the mass media. Exercise & Sport Sciences Reviews 1992;20:127-59.

Fear in Mass Communication

  • Bedford H. The reporting of medical findings needs to be overhauled to prevent the media's obsession with health scare stories. Nursing Times 1998;94(10):41.
  • Block LG, Keller PA. When to accentuate the negative - the effects of perceived efficacy and message framing on intentions to perform a health-related Behavior. J Marketing Research 1995; 32:192-203.
  • Dixon B. Mediawatch. "Killer bug ate my face". Current Biology 1996;6(5):493.
  • Higbee KL. Fifteen years of fear arousal:research on threat appeals 1953-1968. Psychological Bulletin 1969;72:426-44.
  • Donovan R, Henley N. A conceptual framework for fear arousal and threat appeals in health promotion communications. Health Promotion Journal of Australia 2000;10(2):84-88.
  • Hafstad A, Aaro LE. Activating interpersonal influence through provocative appeals - evaluation of a mass media-based antismoking campaign targeting adolescents. Health Communication 1997; 9:253-72.
  • Hafstad A, Straypedersen B, Langmark F. Use of provocative emotional appeals in a mass media campaign designed to prevent smoking among adolescents. European J Public Health 1997; 7:122-27.
  • Kaplan NM. Another scare about antihypertensive therapy. American Journal of Cardiology 2001;87(6):759-60.
  • Mullen PE. The fear of the mentally ill: is this public attitude justified? New Zealand Medical Journal 1991;104(907):90-2.
  • Reynolds T. News headlines feed on fear of cancer risk, experts say. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2001;93(1):9-11.
  • Sherr L. Short communication fear arousal and AIDS: do shock tactics work? AIDS 1990; 4: 361-4.
  • Shepherd E. Scaremongering by the press could jeopardise the child vaccination programme and lead to epidemics. Nursing Times 1998;94(11):23.
  • Tomes N. The making of a germ panic, then and now. American Journal of Public Health 2000;90(2):191-8.

Framing Theory

  • Banks SM, Salovey P, Greener S, Rothman AJ, Moyer A, Beauvais J, Epel E. The effects of message framing on mammography utilization. Health Psychology 1995; 14:178-84.
  • Bless H, Betsch T, Franzen A. Framing the framing effect - the impact of context cues on solutions to the Asian disease problem. European J Social Psychology 1998; 28:287-91.
  • Block LG, Keller PA. When to accentuate the negative - the effects of perceived efficacy and message framing on intentions to perform a health-related Behavior. J Marketing Research 1995; 32:192-203.
  • Brown P. Naming and framing - the social construction of diagnosis and illness. J Health & Social Behavior 1995; 1:34-52.
  • Cappella JN, Jamieson KH. News frames, political cynicism, and media cynicism Annals of the American Academy of Political & Social Science 1996; 546:71-84.
  • Cole DC, Eyles J, Gibson BL, Ross N. Links between Humans and Ecosystems: The Implications of Framing for Health Promotion Strategies. Health Promotion International 1999;14(1):65-72.
  • Conrad P. Public Eyes and Private Genes: Historical Frames, News Constructions, and Social Problems. Social Problems 1997;44(2):139-154.
  • Darling-Wolf F. Framing the Breast Implant Controversy: A Feminist Critique. Journal of Communication Inquiry 1997;21(1):77-97.
  • Davis JJ.The effects of message framing on response to environmental communications. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 1995;72:285-99.
  • Devitt J. Framing politicians - the transformation of candidate arguments in presidential campaign news coverage, 1980, 1988, 1992, and 1996. American Behavioral Scientist 1997;40:1139-60.
  • Dillard JP, Solomon DH, Samp JA. Framing social reality - the relevance of relational judgments. Communication Research 1996; 23:703-23.
  • Entman RM, Framing: toward clarification of a fractured paradigm. Journal of Communication 1993; 43(4); 51-58
  • Hein K. Framing and reframing. J Adolescent Health 1997;21:215-7.
  • Iorio SH, Huxman SS. Media coverage of political issues and the framing of personal concerns. J Communication 1996; 46:97-115.
  • Breast Cancer. Sociology of Health & Illness 1999;21(5):560-578.
  • Kayser-Jones J. Decision making in the treatment of acute illness in nursing homes: framing the decision problem, treatment plan, and outcome. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 1995;9(2):236-56.
  • Menashe CL, Siegel M. The power of a frame: An analysis of newspaper coverage of tobacco issues–United States, 1985-1996. Journal of Health Communication 1998;3(4):307-325.
  • Nelson TE, Clawson RA, Oxley ZM. Media framing of a civil liberties conflict and its effect on tolerance. American Political Science Review 1997;91:567-83.
  • Pan Z, Kosicki GM. Framing Analysis: An Approach to News Discourse. Political Communication 1993;10(1):55-75.
  • Parisi P. Toward a philosophy of framing - news narratives for public journalism. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 1997; 74:673-86.
  • Rhee JW. Strategy and issue frames in election campaign coverage - a social cognitive account of framing effects. J Communication 1997;47:26-48.
  • Rogler LH. Framing research on culture in psychiatric diagnosis: the case of the DSM-IV. Psychiatry 1996;59(2):145-55.
  • Rosenberg CE. Disease in history: Frames and framers. Milbank Quarterly 1989; 67: 1-15.
  • Rothman AJ, Salovey P. Shaping perceptions to motivate healthy behavior - the role of message framing. Psychological Bulletin 1997; 121:3-19.
  • Shibley MA, Prosterman A. Silent Epidemic, Environmental Injustice, or Exaggerated Concern? Competing Frames in the Media Definition of Childhood Lead Poisoning as a Public Health Problem. Industrial & Environmental Crisis Quarterly 1998;11(1):33-58.
  • Tulloch J, Chapman S. Experts in Crisis: The Framing of Radio Debate about the Risk of AIDS to Heterosexuals. Discourse & Society 1992;3(4):437-467.
  • Ungar S. Hot Crises and Media Reassurance: A Comparison of Emerging Diseases and Ebola Zaire. British Journal of Sociology 1998;49(1):36-56.
  • Vaughan E, Seifert M. Variability in the Framing of Risk Issues. Journal of Social Issues 1992;48(4):119-135.

Genetics

  • Billings P. Genetic discrimination by insurers: the public perception. Journal of Insurance Medicine 1993;Suppl(B):184-91.
  • Condit CM, Ofulue N, Sheedy KM. Determinism and mass-media portrayals of genetics. American Journal of Human Genetics 1998;62(4):979-84.
  • Condit CM. The meanings of the gene : public debates about human heredity. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press; 1999.
  • Conrad P, Davidson B. Genetics and Homosexuality: Contrasting Images in the News. Association Paper: Society for the Study of Social Problems; 1995.
  • Conrad P. Public Eyes and Private Genes: Historical Frames, News Constructions, and Social Problems. Social Problems 1997;44(2):139-154.
  • Conrad P. A Mirage of Genes. Sociology of Health & Illness 1999;21(2):228-241.
  • Dixon B. "Anti-cancer gene found". Current Biology 1998;8(12):R402.
  • Henderson L, Kitzinger J. The Human Drama of Genetics: 'Hard' and 'Soft' Media Representations of Inherited Breast Cancer. Sociology of Health & Illness 1999;21(5):560-578.
  • Klotzko AJ. The Debate about Dolly. Bioethics 1997;11(5):427-438.
  • Kuska B. The rise and fall of the front-page gene. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 1998;90(19):1422-4.
  • Lee K. The fear of cloning. Current Biology 1999;9(15):R542.
  • Meekosha H. Superchicks, Clones, Cyborgs, and Cripples: Cinema and Messages of Bodily Transformations. Social Alternatives 1999;18(1):24-28.
  • Morton O, Williams N. First Dolly, now headless tadpoles. Science 1997;278(5339):798.
  • Petersen A. Biofantasies: genetics and medicine in the print news media. Social Science & Medicine 2001;52(8):1255-68.
  • Silberner J. Seeding the cloning debate. Hastings Center Report 1998;28(2):5.
  • Stockdale A. Public understanding of genetics and Alzheimer disease. Genetic Testing 1999;3(1):139-45.
  • Stolman CJ. Bioethics in the news. Trends in Health Care, Law & Ethics 1994;9(2):4-6, 34.
  • Van Dijck J. Reading the Human Genome Narrative. Science as Culture 1995.
  • Van Dijck J. Imagenation: popular images of genetics. Basingstoke: Macmillan; 1998.
  • Wilkie T, Graham E. Power without responsibility: media portrayals of Dolly and science. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 1998;7(2):150-9.

Health Care

  • Barr DA, Field MG. The current state of health care in the former Soviet Union: implications for health care policy and reform. American Journal of Public Health 1996;86(3):307-12.
  • Brodie M, Brady LA, Altman DE. Media coverage of managed care: is there a negative bias? [see comments]. Health Affairs 1998;17(1):9-25.
  • Brody H. Framing the health reform debate. Hastings Center Report 1994;24(3):7-8.
  • Bunton R. Popular Health, Advanced Liberalism and Good Housekeeping Magazine. In: Chpt in Foucault, Health and Medicine, Petersen, Alan, & Bunton, Robin Eds , London: Routledge, 1997, pp 223-248.
  • Burgoyne CB. Distributive justice and rationing in the NHS - framing effects in press coverage of a controversial decision. J Community & Applied Social Psychology 1997; 7:119-36.
  • Canham-Clyne J. When "Both Sides" Are Not Enough: The Restricted Debate over Health Care Reform. International Journal of Health Services 1994.
  • Carpenter CE, Cornman JM, Bender AD, Nash DB. Issues of cost and quality: barriers to an informed debate. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 1998;4(2):131-9.
  • Comrie M. Media tactics in New Zealand's crown health enterprises. Public Relations Review 1997; 23:161-76.
  • Culbertson HM, Stempel GH. "Media malaise": Explaining personal optimism and societal pessimism about health care. J Communication 1985;35:180-90.
  • Davies HT, Shields AV. Public trust and accountability for clinical performance: lessons from the national press reportage of the Bristol hearing. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 1999;5(3):335-42.
  • Dorfman L, Schauffler HH, Wilkerson J, Feinson J. Local television news coverage of President Clinton's introduction of the Health Security Act. JAMA 1996;275(15):1201-5.
  • Entwistle VA, Watt IS, Bradbury R, Pehl LJ. Media coverage of the Child B case. BMJ 1996;312(7046):1587-91.
  • Entwistle VA, Watt IS, Johnson F. The case of Norplant as an example of media coverage over the life of a new health technology. Lancet 2000;355(9215):1633-6.
  • Garcia VD, Goldani JC, Neumann J. Mass media and organ donation. Transplantation Proceedings 1997;29(1-2):1618-21.
  • Geller AC, Hufford D, Miller DR, Sun T, Wyatt SW, Reilley B, et al. Evaluation of the Ultraviolet Index: media reactions and public response. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 1997;37(6):935-41.
  • Gies L. Contesting the Rule of Emotions? The Press and Enforced Caesareans. Social & Legal Studies 2000;9(4):515-538.
  • Johnson CA, Johnson BE. Medicine on British television: a content analysis. Journal of Community Health 1993;18(1):25-35.
  • Judge K, Solomon M. Public Opinion and the National Health Service: Patterns and Perspectives in Consumer Satisfaction. Journal of Social Policy 1993;22(3):299-327.
  • Kayser-Jones J. Decision making in the treatment of acute illness in nursing homes - framing the decision problem, treatment plan, and outcome. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 1995;9:236-256.
  • King SJ. Heteronormative Technologies, Medicine, and New Conceptions of Justice. Association Paper: Society for the Study of Social Problems; 2000.
  • Light DW. Keeping competition fair for health insurance: how the Irish beat back risk-rated policies. American Journal of Public Health 1998;88(5):745-8.
  • Mennemeyer ST, Morrisey MA, Howard LZ. Death and reputation: how consumers acted upon HCFA mortality information. Inquiry 1997;34(2):117-28.
  • Moore RF. Caring for identified versus statistical lives - an evolutionary view of medical distributive justice. Ethology & Sociobiology 1996; 17:379-401.
  • Paalman M. How to Do (Or Not to Do)...: Media Analysis for Policy Making. Health Policy & Planning 1997;12(1):86-91.
  • Reynolds SL. The Print Media and Aging Policy: How Differential Coverage of Medicare Catastrophic Led Congress Astray. Journal of Aging & Social Policy 1994.
  • Rudd J, Glanz K. A survey of newspaper coverage of HCFA hospital mortality data. Public Health Reports 1991;106(5):517-23.
  • Steinbrook R. Newspaper defines role in publishing performance data. QA Review 1990;2(4):5.
  • Turow J. Television entertainment and the US health-care debate. Lancet 1996;347(9010):1240-3.
  • West DM, Heith D, Goodwin C. Harry and Louise Go to Washington: Political Advertising and Health Care Reform. Journal of Health Politics;1996(21):spring, 35-68.

Immunisation, Infectious Diseases

  • Baker P. Media attitudes toward immunization. Canada Communicable Disease Report 1995;21(5):37-40.
  • Bucchi M. The public science of Louis Pasteur: the experiment on anthrax vaccine in the popular press of the time. Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli - Section Ii: History & Philosophy of the Life Sciences 1997;19(2):181-209.
  • Goodman RA, Thacker SB, Solomon SL, Osterholm MT, Hughes JM. Infectious diseases in competitive sports. JAMA 1994;271(11):862-7.
  • Harding CM. Immunization as depicted by the British national press. Community Medicine 1985;7(2):87-98.
  • Leask JA, Chapman S. An attempt to swindle nature: press anti-immunisation reportage 1993-1997. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health 1998;22(1):17-26.
  • Martin E. Toward an anthropology of immunology: the body as nation state. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 1990; 4:410-26.
  • McGee DE. Emerging meanings: science, the media, and infectious diseases. JAMA 1996;276(13):1095, 1097.
  • Mehan H. The discourse of the illegal immigration debate - a case study in the politics of representation. Discourse & Society 1997; 8:249-70.
  • O'Connor AM, Pennie RA, Dales RE. Framing effects on expectations, decisions, and side effects experienced - the case of influenza immunization. J Clinical Epidemiology 1996; 49:1271-76.
  • Shepherd E. Scaremongering by the press could jeopardise the child vaccination programme and lead to epidemics. Nursing Times 1998;94(11):23.
  • Thomson AP, Hayhurst GK. Press publicity in meningococcal disease. Arch Dis Child 1993; 69:166-9.
  • Ungar S. Hot crises and media reassurance - a comparison of emerging diseases and Ebola Zaire. British J Sociology 1998; 49:36-56.

Injury

  • Bennett EM, Swenson JD, Wilkinson JS. Is the Medium the Message?: An Experimental Test with Morbid News. Journalism Quarterly 1992;69(4):921-928.
  • Fine PR, Jones CS, Wrigley JM, Richards JS, Rousculp MD. Are newspapers a viable source for intentional injury surveillance data? Southern Medical Journal 1998;91(3):234-42.
  • Mathews RM, Dix M. Behavior change in the funny papers: feedback to cartoonists on safety belt use. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis 1992;25(4):769-75.
  • Mattick AP. The Football World Cup 1998: an analysis of related attendances to an accident and emergency department. Scottish Medical Journal 1999;44(3):75-6.
  • Potts R, Runyan D, Zerger A, Marchetti K. A content analysis of safety behaviors of television characters: implications for children's safety and injury. J Pediatric Psychology 1996;21:517-28.
  • Rainey DY, Runyan CW. Newspapers: a source for injury surveillance? American Journal of Public Health 1992;82(5):745-6.
  • Voight B, Lapidus G, Zavoski R, Banco L. Injury reporting in Connecticut newspapers. Injury Prevention 1998;4(4):292-4.
  • Wasserman IM. The impact of epidemic, war, prohibition and media on suicide: United States, 1910-1920. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior 1992;22(2):240-54.

Media Effects: studies about knowledge acquired through media

  • Adamchak DJ, Mbizvo MT. Family planning information sources and media exposure among Zimbabwean men. Stud Fam Plann 1991; 22:326-31.
  • Arkin EB. Opportunities for improving the nation's health through collaboration with the mass media. Public Health Rep 1990; 105:219-23.
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  • Slater MD. Integrating application of media effects, persuasion, and behavior change theories to communication campaigns: A stages-of-change framework. Health Communication 1999;11(4):335-354.
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  • Tonge BJ. The impact of television on children and clinical practice. Aust & NZ J Psychiatry 1990; 24:552-60.
  • Tones K. Models of Mass Media: Hypodermic, Aerosol or Agent Provocateur? Drugs-Education Prevention & Policy 1996;3(1):29-37.
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Media Usage

  • Grajczyk A, Zollner O. How older people watch television. Telemetric data on the TV use in Germany in 1996. Gerontology 1998;44(3):176-81.
  • St Peters M, Fitch M, Huston AC, Wright JC, Eakins DJ. Television and families: what do young children watch with their parents? Child Development 1991; 62:1409-23.
  • Vandermolen JHW, Vandervoort THA. Children's recall of the news - TV news stories compared with three print versions. Educational Technology Research & Development 1998; 46:39-52.

Mental Health, Suicide

  • Aderibigbe YA. Violence in America: a survey of suicide linked to homicides. Journal of Forensic Sciences 1997;42(4):662-5.
  • Allen R, Nairn RG. Media depictions of mental illness: an analysis of the use of dangerousness. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 1997;31(3):375-81.
  • Becker AE, Hamburg P. Culture, the media, and eating disorders. Harvard Review of Psychiatry 1996;4(3):163-7.
  • Berlin FS, Malin HM. Media distortion of the public's perception of recidivism and psychiatric rehabilitation. American Journal of Psychiatry 1991;148(11):1572-6.
  • Biblarz A, Brown RM, Biblarz DN, Pilgrim M, Baldree BF. Media influence on attitudes toward suicide. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior 1991;21(4):374-84.
  • Bowers F. Has the media influenced public attitudes to schizophrenia? Irish Medical Journal 1999;92(2):263-4.
  • Byrne P. Psychiatric stigma: past, passing and to come. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 1997;90(11):618-21.
  • Coyle A, Morgan-Sykes C. Troubled Men and Threatening Women: The Construction of "Crisis" in Male Mental Health. Feminism & Psychology 1998;8(3):263-284.
  • Coyle HP, Brown S. Epilepsy, the law and the media. Medicine & Law 1997; 16:323-37.
  • Elks ML. Popular press diagnoses and psychiatric diagnoses. Medical Hypotheses 1996;46(4):331-6.
  • Fins JJ, Bacchetta MD. Framing the physician-assisted suicide and voluntary active euthanasia debate - the role of deontology, consequentialism, and clinical pragmatism. J American Geriatrics Society 1995;43:563-8.
  • Hart D, Phillipson J. Commentary: Is psychiatry media-friendly? Psychiatric Bulletin 2000;24(8):289.
  • Hassan R. Effects of newspaper stories on the incidence of suicide in Australia: a research note. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 1995;29(3):480-3.
  • Hawton K. Media influences on suicidal behavior in young people. Crisis 1995;16(3):100-1.
  • Hazelton M. Reporting mental health: a discourse analysis of mental health-related news in two Australian newspapers. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Mental Health Nursing 1997;6(2):73-89.
  • Ishi K. Measuring mutual causation: effects of suicide news on suicides in Japan. Social Science Research 1991; 20: 188-95.
  • Jobes DA, Berman AL, O'Carroll PW, Eastgard S, Knickmeyer S. The Kurt Cobain suicide crisis: perspectives from research, public health, and the news media. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior 1996;26(3):260-69; discussion 269-71.
  • Jonas K. Modelling and suicide: a test of the Werther effect. British Journal of Social Psychology 1992;31(Pt 4):295-306.
  • Leary DE (ed). Metaphors in the History of Psychology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990.
  • Leth P, Hart-Madsen M. Suicide by self-incineration. American Journal of Forensic Medicine & Pathology 1997;18(2):113-8.
  • Lupton D. Back to bedlam? Chelmsford and the press. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 1993;27(1):140-8.
  • Martin G, Koo L. Celebrity suicide - did the death of Cobain, Kurt influence young suicides in Australia. Archives of Suicide Research 1997; 3:187-98.
  • Martinez R, Johnston-Robledo I, Ulsh HM, Chrisler JC. Singing "the baby blues": a content analysis of popular press articles about postpartum affective disturbances. Women & Health 2000;31(2-3):37-56.
  • MacLean G, Wessely S. Professional and popular views of chronic fatigue syndrome. BMJ 1994;308:776-7
  • O'Carroll PW, Potter LB. Suicide contagion and the reporting of suicide: recommendations from a national workshop. United States Department of Health and Human Services. MMWR - Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report 1994;43(RR-6):9-17.
  • Pitts V. Body Modification, Self-Multilation and Agency in Media Accounts of a Subculture. Body & Society 1999;5(2-3):291-303.
  • Rose D. Television, madness and community care. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology 1998;8(3):213-228.
  • Rosen GM. Posttraumatic stress disorder, pulp fiction, and the press. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry & the Law 1996;24(2):267-9.
  • Rosen A, Walter G. Way out of tune: lessons from Shine and its expose. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 2000;34(2):237-44; discussion 245-8.
  • Ryan CC, Boxer AM. Coming out in primetime: The mental health impact of Ellen's "debut.". Cultural Diversity & Mental Health 1998;4(2):135-142.
  • Stack S. A reanalysis of the impact of non celebrity suicides. A research note. Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology 1990;25(5):269-73.
  • Stack S. The effect of the media on suicide: the Great Depression. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior 1992;22(2):255-67.
  • Turecki G. Suicidal behavior, the serotonin 2A receptor gene, and the media. American Journal of Medical Genetics 2000;96(6):892.
  • Wahl OF, Kaye AL. Mental illness topics in popular periodicals. Community Mental Health Journal 1992;28(1):21-8.
  • Wahl OF, Borostovik L, Rieppi R. Schizophrenia in popular periodicals. Community Mental Health Journal 1995;31(3):239-48.
  • Wahl OF. Obsessive-compulsive disorder in popular magazines. Community Mental Health Journal 2000;36(3):307-12.
  • White C. Mental health. A bad press. Nursing Times 1997;93(32):35-7.
  • Williams M, Taylor J. Mental illness: media perpetuation of stigma. Contemporary Nurse 1995;4(1):41-6.
  • Wilson C, Nairn R, Coverdale J, Panapa A. Mental illness depictions in prime-time drama: identifying the discursive resources. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry 1999;33(2):232-9.

Miscellaneous Disease Portrayal

  • Alali AO. Management of death and grief in obituary and in memoriam pages of Nigerian newspapers. Psychological Reports 1993;73(3 Pt 1):835-42.
  • Alali AO, Adjaye SA. Personification of death in Ghanaian death notices. Psychological Reports 1998;82(1):223-6.
  • Diem SJ, Lantos JD, Tulsky JA. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation on television. Miracles and Misinformation. New Engl J Med 1996; 334:1578-82.
  • Kleindienst A, Haupt WF, Hildebrandt G. Brain death and organ donation in Germany: analysis of procurement in a neurosurgical unit and review of press reports. Acta Neurochirurgica 1999;141(6):641-5; discussion 645-6.
  • MacLean G, Wessely S. Professional and popular views of chronic fatigue syndrome. BMJ 1994;308(6931):776-7.
  • Schwitzer GJ. Are machines driving public demand? News media coverage of medical technology. Internist 1992;33(9):15-8.
  • Shaw CM. Chronic illness: a media perspective. WHO Regional Publications. European Series 1992;44:256-61.
  • Young JH. Health Fraud: A Hardy Perennial. Journal of Policy History 1997.

News Coverage of Health and Medicine - General

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  • Altman LK. Bringing the news to the public: the role of the media. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1993;703:200-8;discussion 208-9.
  • Atkin CK, DeJong W. News coverage of alcohol and other drugs in U.S. college newspapers. Journal of Drug Education 2000;30(4):453-65.
  • Backstrom CH, Robins LS. The Media and AIDS: Health Elite Perspectives of Coverage. Journal of Health & Social Policy 1998.
  • Bauer M. The Medicalization of Science News-From the "Rocket-Scalpel" to the "Gene-Meteorite" Complex. Social Science Information/Information Sur Les Sciences Sociales 1998;37(4):731-751.
  • Bloom SG. The legend of the potholes: newsroom changes increase medical and health care news coverage. Pharos of Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Medical Society 1996;59(3):2-7.
  • Brown J, Chapman S, Lupton D. Infinitesimal Risk as Public Health Crisis: News Media Coverage of a Doctor-Patient HIV Contact Tracing Investigation. Social Science & Medicine 1996;43(12):1685-1695.
  • Buresh B, Gordon S, Bell N. Who counts in news coverage of health care? Nursing Outlook 1991;39(5):204-8.
  • Burns RB, Moskowitz MA, Osband MA, Kazis LE. Newspaper reporting of the medical literature. J Gen Int Med 1995; 10:19-24.
  • Cassata MB, Skill TD, Osei Boadu, S. In sickness and in health. J Commmunication 1979; 29:73-80.
  • Chapman S, Lupton D. Freaks, moral tales and medical marvels: health and medical stories in a week of Australian television. Media Information Australia 1994;72:94-103.
  • Colby DC, Cook TE. Epidemics and agendas: the politics of nightly news coverage of AIDS. Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 1991;16(2):215-49.
  • Cole JR. The media and medicine. Columbia Magazine 1984; December: 20.
  • Combs B, Slovic P. Newspaper coverage of causes of death. Journalism Quarterly 56:837, 849, 1979.
  • Coyle A, Morgan-Sykes C. Troubled Men and Threatening Women: The Construction of "Crisis" in Male Mental Health. Feminism & Psychology 1998;8(3):263-284.
  • de Semir V. What is newsworthy? Lancet 1996; 347:1163-6.
  • Dorfman L, Schauffler HH, Wilkerson J, Feinson J. Local television news coverage of President Clinton's introduction of the Health Security Act. JAMA 1996;275(15):1201-5.
  • Dorfman L, Woodruff K, Chavez V, Wallack L. Youth and violence on local television news in California. American Journal of Public Health 1997;87(8):1311-6.
  • Entwistle V. Reporting research in medical journals and newspapers. BMJ 1995; 310:920-23.
  • Galvin C, Pearson M. Cosmetic Surgery: Newspaper Reportage of the Medical Journal of Australia. Australian Journal of Communication 1994.
  • Garner AC, Huff WA. The wreck of Amtrak's Sunset Limited: news coverage of a mass transport disaster. Disasters 1997;21(1):4-19.
  • Gerbner G, Gross L, Morgan M, Signorielli N. Health and medicine on television. New England J Medicine 1981; 305: 901-904.
  • Greenberg M, Wartenberg D. How epidemiologists can improve television network news coverage of disease cluster reports. Epidemiology 1990;1(2):167-70.
  • Greenberg M, Wartenberg D. Understanding mass media coverage of disease clusters. American Journal of Epidemiology 1990;132(1 Suppl):S192-5.
  • Griffin RJ, Dunwoody S, Gehrmann C. The Effects of Community Pluralism on Press Coverage of Health Risks from Local Environmental Contamination. Risk Analysis 1995;15(4):449-458.
  • Harbitz NJ. Mediums in Zimbabwe's Media. Media;1996(18):Oct, 669-676.
  • Hartman DM, Golub A. The social construction of the crack epidemic in the print media. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs 1999;31(4):423-33.
  • Hecht F, Hecht B. The New York Times: "all the news that's fit to print" about medicine and science? Cancer Genetics & Cytogenetics 1992;62:92-3.
  • Jobes DA, Berman AL, O'Carroll PW, Eastgard S, Knickmeyer S. The Kurt Cobain suicide crisis: perspectives from research, public health, and the news media. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior 1996;26(3):260-69; discussion 269-71.
  • Johnson BB, Slovic P. Presenting Uncertainty in Health Risk Assessment: Initial Studies of Its Effects on Risk Perception and Trust. Risk Analysis 1995;15(4):485-494.
  • Jones J.In defence of the medical media. British J Hospital Medicine 1993;50:506-9.
  • Karpf A. Doctoring the Media: the Reporting of Health and Medicine. London: Routledge, 1988.
  • Kilwein JH. No pain, no gain: a puritan legacy. Health Education Quarterly 1989; 16: 9-12.
  • Klaidman S. Health in the headlines. The story behind the stories. New York:Oxford, 1991.
  • Klaidman S. How well the media report health risk. Daedalus 1990; Fall, 119-32.
  • Koren G, Klein N. Bias against negative studies in newspaper reports of medical research. JAMA 1991; 266:1824-6.
  • Koshland DE Jr. Credibility in science and the press. Science 1991; 254:629.
  • Judge K, Solomon M. Public Opinion and the National Health Service: Patterns and Perspectives in Consumer Satisfaction. Journal of Social Policy 1993;22(3):299-327.
  • Kalisch BJ, Kalisch PA. An analysis of news coverage of maternal-child nurses. Maternal-Child Nursing Journal 1984;13(2):77-90.
  • Klaidman S. Health in the headlines : the stories behind the stories. New York: Oxford University Press; 1991.
  • Kubey R, Csikszentmihalyi. Television and the quality of life: how viewing shapes everday experiences. Hillsdale,NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 1990:69-107.
  • Lowry RJ. What the papers say: how does the United Kingdom press treat water fluoridation and does it matter? British Dental Journal 2000;189(1):14-8.
  • Lupton D. Medical and health stories on the Sydney Morning Herald's front page. Australian Journal of Public Health 1995; 19:501-8.
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  • Nelkin D. An uneasy relationship: the tensions between medicine and the media. Lancet 1996;347(9015):1600-3.
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  • Powers A. Newspaper Coverage of the Breast Implant Controversy. Women & Health 1999.
  • Rettig RA. The Media and Health. Journal of Health Politics;1992(17):fall, 574-583.
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  • Strong P. Epidemic psychology: a model. Sociology of Health and Illness 1990; 12: 249-59.
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News Process: News values/newsworthiness - Methods of studying the media

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  • Fiske J (1987) British Cultural Studies and television criticism. In Allen R (ed: Channels of Discourse. London: Methuen, pp 254-290.
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  • Golding P, Elliot P (1979) Making the News. London: Longman.
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  • Lakoff G, Johnson M (1980) Metaphors We Live By. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
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  • McCoombs ME and Becker LB (1979) Using Mass Comunication Theory. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
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  • McLuhan HM (1964) Understanding Media. London: Routlege and Kegan Paul.
  • McQuail D (1977) The influence and effects of mass media. In Curran J, Gurevitch, and Woollacott J (eds: Mass Communication and Society. London: Edward Arnold, pp 70-94.
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  • Murray JE (1984) Understanding law as metaphor. J Legal Education, 34, 714-730.
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  • Potter J, Wetherell M (1987) Discourse and Social Psychology: Beyond Attitudes and Behaviour. London: Sage.
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  • Rosenberg CE (1986) Disease and social order in America: perceptions and expectations. Milbank Memorial Quarterly, 64 (supp 1: 34-55.
  • Ross JW (1989) An ethics of compassion, a language of division: working out the AIDS metaphors. In Corless IB and Pittman-Lindeman M (eds: AIDS: Principles, Practices and Politics. New York: Hemisphere, pp 351-363.
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  • Schudson M (1989) The sociology of news production, Media, Culture and Society, 11, 263-282.
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  • Soothill K, Grover C. A note on computer searches of newspapers. Sociology 1997; 31:591-96.
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  • Tuchman G (1978) Making News: A Study in the Construction of Reality. New York: Free Press.
  • Tuchman G, Daniels AK, Benet J (1978) Hearth and Home: Images of Women in the Mass Media. New York: Oxford University Press.
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  • van Dijk TA (1985) Structures of news in the press. In van Dijk TA (ed: Discourse and Communication. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, pp 69-93.
  • van Dijk TA (1988) News As Discourse. Hillsdale, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum.
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  • van Dijk TA (1990) Discourse analysis in the 1990s. Text, 10 (1/2: 133-156.
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Nutrition, Obesity, Dieting

  • Allen AM. The new nutrition facts label in the print media - a content analysis. J Am Dietetic Assoc 1995;95:348-51.
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  • Handfield B, Bell R. What are popular magazines telling young women about pregnancy, birth, breastfeeding and parenting? Journal - Australian College of Midwives 1996;9(3):10-4.
  • Henderson AM. Mixed messages about the meanings of breast-feeding representations in the Australian press and popular magazines. Midwifery 1999;15(1):24-31.
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  • Honeycutt K. Disgusting, Pathetic, Bizarrely Beautiful: Representations of Weight in Popular Culture. Association Paper: American Sociological Association; 1995.
  • Kotz K, Story M. Food advertisements during children's Saturday morning television programming - are they consistent with dietary recommendations? Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1994;94:1296-1300.
  • Lank NH, Vickery CE, Cotugna N, Shade DD. Food commercials during television soap operas: what is the nutrition message? J Community Health 1992; 17:377-84.
  • Lawler PF: Sweet Talk: Media Coverage of Artificial Sweetners. Washington D.C., The Media Institute, 1986.
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  • Manson JE. Adventures in scientific discourse. Epidemiology 1997;8(3):324-7.
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  • Morrel S, Irving LM. Media and Disturbed Eating: An Analysis of Media Influence and Implications for Prevention. Journal of Primary Prevention 1998;18(4):415-430.
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Risk Reportage and Perception

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  • Reynolds T. News headlines feed on fear of cancer risk, experts say. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2001;93(1):9-11.
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  • Rogers A, Pilgrim D. The Risk of Resistance: Perspectives on the Mass Childhood Immunisation Programme. In: Chpt in Medicine, Health and Risk: Sociological Approaches, Gabe, Jonathan Ed , Oxford, England: Blackwell, 1995, pp 73-90.
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  • Sandman PM, Miller PM, Johnson BB, Weinstein ND. Agency Communication, Community Outrage, and Perception of Risk: Three Simulation Experiments. Risk Analysis 1993;13(6):585-598.
  • Sandman PM, Weinstein ND, Miller P. High risk or low: how location on a `risk ladder' affects perceived risk. Risk Analysis 1994;14:35-45.
  • Sapolsky HM (1990) The politics of risk. Daedalus, Fall, 83-96.
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  • Sinden PG. Risk Communication Effects: A Comparison of Information Sources and Audiences. Association Paper: American Sociological Association; 1995.
  • Spencer JW, Triche E. Media Constructions of Risk and Safety: Differential Framings of Hazard Events. Sociological Inquiry 1994;64(2):199-213.
  • Stallings RA (1990) Media discourse and the social construction of risk. Social Problems, 37:80-95.
  • Stoeckle JD (1990) On looking risk in the eye. Am J Public Health, 80(10: 1170-1171.
  • Teuber A (1990) Justifying risk. Daedalus, Fall, 235-254.
  • Third European Workshop on Drug Information, Risk Assessment and Risk Communication. Helsinki, Finland, 14-16 June 1995. Abstracts. Pharm-World-Sci. 1995 May 26; 17(3 Suppl E): E3-17
  • Tinker T, Lewis-Younger C, Isaacs S, Neufer L, Blair C. Environmental health risk communication: a case study of the Chattanooga Creek site. J Tenn Med Assoc 1995; 88:343-9.
  • Tomes N. The making of a germ panic, then and now. American Journal of Public Health 2000;90(2):191-8.
  • Tulloch J, Chapman S. Experts in Crisis: The Framing of Radio Debate about the Risk of AIDS to Heterosexuals. Discourse & Society 1992;3(4):437-467.
  • Van Nevel JP. Introduction of section: implications for improving risk communication through various channels. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs 1999(25):123-4.
  • Walker VR. Direct inference, probability, and a conceptual gulf in risk communication. Risk Analysis 1995;15:603-9.
  • Watanabe ME. Public perception of radiation: using the press to your advantage. Teratology 1999;59(4):316-7.
  • Weinstein ND, Sandman PM. A model of th eprecaution adoption process: evidence from home radon testing. Health Psychol 1992;11:170-80.
  • Wiatrowski WA, Giles ER, Cooke EP. Development of a system to evaluate and communicate radiation risk. Health Physics 1996;70:111-117.
  • Widdus R, Meheus A, Short R (1990) The management of risk in sexually transmitted diseases. Daedalus, Fall, 177-191.
  • Wildavsky A, Dake K (1990) Theories of risk perception: who fears what and why? Daedalus, Fall, 41-60.
  • Wilkinson I. News Media Discourse and the State of Public Opinion on Risk. Risk Management: an International Journal 1999.
  • Willis J, Okunade AA. Reporting on risks : the practice and ethics of health and safety communication. Westport, Conn.: Praeger; 1997.
  • Woodward K. Statistical Panic. Differences: a Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 1999;11(2):177-203.

Science

  • Bastide F. A Night with Saturn. Science Technology & Human Values 1992;17(3):259-281.
  • Bauer M. The Medicalization of Science News-From the "Rocket-Scalpel" to the "Gene-Meteorite" Complex. Social Science Information/Information Sur Les Sciences Sociales 1998;37(4):731-751.
  • Evans W. Science and Reason in Film and Television. Skeptical Inquirer 1996;20(1):45-48,58.
  • Fursich E, Lester EP. Science Journalism under Scrutiny: A Textual Analysis of "Science Times". Critical Studies in Mass Communication 1996;13(1):24-43.
  • Hansen A, Dickinson R. Science Coverage in the British Mass Media: Media Output and Source Input. Communications 1992.
  • Landy M, Shostak S. Postmodernism as Folklore in Contemporary Science Fiction Cinema. Rethinking Marxism 1993;6(2):25-45.
  • Levine J. Risky business: communicating scientific findings to the public. Journal of the National Cancer Institute. Monographs 1999(25):163-6.
  • Maguire B, Sandage D, Weatherby GA. Television Commercial Content: Religion versus Science and Professional Expertise. Sociological Focus 1999;32(4):413-425.
  • Nelkin D. Science's Fall from Grace. Humanist 1995;55(5):14-19.
  • Paddock TW. Mad Cows, Meryl Streep, and the Mass Media: Science and Policy Boundary-Work in US and UK Science Controversies. Association Paper: American Sociological Association; 1996.
  • Silva DFD. Readings of the Cyborg: Cyborgs Don't Dream of Paradise...But Harrison Ford Does. Race and Gender in Scien ce Fiction Narratives. Association Paper: American Sociological Association; 1995.
  • Young RM. What Scientists Have to Learn. Science as Culture 1995.

Tobacco

  • Amos A, Bostock Y. Policy on cigarette advertising and coverage of smoking and health in European women's magazines. BMJ 1992; 304:99-101.
  • Amos A, Jacobson B, White P. Cigarette advertising policy and coverage of smoking and health in British women's magazines. Lancet 1991;337:93-6.
  • Aguinaga Bialous S, Glantz SA. Arizona's tobacco control initiative illustrates the need for continuing oversight by tobacco control advocates. Tobacco Control 1999;8(2):141-51.
  • Balbach ED, Glantz SA. Tobacco information in two grade school newsweeklies: a content analysis. American Journal of Public Health 1995;85(12):1650-3.
  • Basil MD. The Danger of Cigarette "Special Placements" in Film and Television. Health Communication 1997.
  • Cardador MT, Hazan AR, Glantz SA. Tobacco industry smokers' rights publications: a content analysis. American Journal of Public Health 1995;85(9):1212-7.
  • Chapman S, Jones Q, Bauman A, Palin M. Incidental depiction of cigarettes and smoking in Australian magazines, 1990-1993. Australian Journal of Public Health 1995;19(3):313-5.
  • Christofides N, Chapman S, Dominello A. The new pariahs: discourse on the tobacco industry in the Sydney press, 1993-97. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health 1999;23(3):233-9.
  • DeJong W. When the tobacco industry controls the news: KKR, RJR Nabisco, and the Weekly Reader Corporation. Tobacco Control 1996;5(2):142-8.
  • DuRant RH, Rome ES, Rich M, Allred E, Emans SJ, Woods ER. Tobacco and alcohol use behaviors portrayed in music videos: a content analysis. American Journal of Public Health 1997;87(7):1131-5.
  • Everett SA, Schnuth RL, Tribble JL. Tobacco and Alcohol Use in Top-Grossing American Films. Journal of Community Health 1998;23(4):317-324.
  • Feit MN. Exposure of adolescent girls to cigar images in women's magazines, 1992-1998. American Journal of Public Health 2001;91(2):286-8.
  • Hill D, Chapman S, Donovan R. The return of scare tactics. Tobacco Control 1998;7(1):5-8.
  • Howell F. Tobacco advertising and coverage of smoking and health in women's magazines. Irish Medical Journal 1994;87(5):140-1.
  • Jernigan DH, Wright PA. Media advocacy: lessons from community experiences. Journal of Public Health Policy 1996;17(3):306-30.
  • Kennedy GE, Bero LA. Print media coverage of research on passive smoking. Tobacco Control 1999;8(3):254-60.
  • King C, 3rd, Siegel M, Pucci LG. Exposure of black youths to cigarette advertising in magazines. Tobacco Control 2000;9(1):64-70.
  • King C, Siegel M, Celebucki C, Connolly GN. Adolescent exposure to cigarette advertising in magazines: an evaluation of brand-specific advertising in relation to youth readership. JAMA 1998;279(7):516-20.
  • Koenig HG, George LK, Cohen HJ, Hays JC, Larson DB, Blazer DG. The relationship between religious activities and cigarette smoking in older adults. Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences 1998;53(6):M426-34.
  • Krupka LR, Vener AM, Richmond G. Tobacco advertising in gender-oriented popular magazines. Journal of Drug Education 1990;20(1):15-29.
  • Laugesen M, Meads C. Advertising, price, income and publicity effects on weekly cigarette sales in New Zealand supermarkets. British Journal of Addiction 1991;86(1):83-9.
  • Lima JC, Siegel M. The tobacco settlement: an analysis of newspaper coverage of a national policy debate, 1997-98. Tobacco Control 1999;8(3):247-53.
  • Madden PA, Grube JW. The frequency and nature of alcohol and tobacco advertising in televised sports, 1990 through 1992. American Journal of Public Health 1994;84(2):297-9.
  • Malone RE, Boyd E, Bero LA. Science in the News: Journalists' Constructions of Passive Smoking as a Social Problem. Social Studies of Science 2000;30(5):713-735.
  • McIntosh WD, Bazzini DG, Smith SM, Wayne SM. Who smokes in Hollywood? Characteristics of smokers in popular films from 1940 to 1989. Addictive Behaviors 1998;23(3):395-8.
  • Pucci LG, Siegel M. Exposure to brand-specific cigarette advertising in magazines and its impact on youth smoking. Preventive Medicine 1999;29(5):313-20.
  • Reid R. Healthy Families, Healthy Citizens: The Politics of Speech and Knowledge in the California Anti-Secondhand Smoke Media Campaign. Science as Culture 1997.
  • Rogers T, Feighery EC, Tencati EM, Butler JL, Weiner L. Community mobilization to reduce point-of-purchase advertising of tobacco products. Health Education Quarterly 1995;22(4):427-42.
  • Smith MH, Altman DG, Strunk B. Readiness to change: newspaper coverage of tobacco farming and diversification. Health Education & Behavior 2000;27(6):708-24.
  • Strasburger VC, Donnerstein E. Children, adolescents, and the media: issues and solutions. Pediatrics 1999;103(1):129-39.
  • Warner KE, Goldenhar LM, McLaughlin CG. Cigarette advertising and magazine coverage of the hazards of smoking. A statistical analysis. New England Journal of Medicine 1992;326(5):305-9.
  • Warner KE. Tobacco industry response to public health concern: a content analysis of cigarette ads. Health Education Quarterly 1985;12(2):115-27.
  • Wenger L, Malone R, Bero L. The cigar revival and the popular press: a content analysis, 1987-1997. American Journal of Public Health 2001;91(2):288-91.
  • White M. Airline's magazine promotes tobacco products. BMJ 1994;309(6956):744.
  • Yach D, Paterson G. Tobacco advertising in South Africa with specific reference to magazines. South African Medical Journal 1994;84(12):838-41.

Violence

  • Albrecht H, Chaplow D. Forensic psychiatry and the media: homicide in Auckland 1990-2. New Zealand Medical Journal 1993;106(964):418.
  • Anderson CR. Television commercial violence during nonviolent programming: the 1998 major league baseball playoffs. Pediatrics 2000;106(4):E46.
  • Cairns E. Impact of television news exposure on children's perceptions of violence in Northern Ireland. Journal of Social Psychology 1990;130(4):447-52.
  • Cameron P, Cameron K. What proportion of newspaper stories about child molestation involves homosexuality. Psychological Reports 1998;82(3 Pt 1):863-71.
  • Cantor CH, Sheehan PW. Violence and Media Reports-A Connection with Hungerford? Archives of Suicide Research 1996.
  • Cantor CH, Sheehan P, Alpers P, Mullen P. Media and Mass Homicides. Archives of Suicide Research 1999.
  • Carmody DC. Mixed Messages: Images of Domestic Violence on "Reality" Television. In: Chpt in Entertaining Crime: Television Reality Programs, Fishman, Mark, & Cavender, Gray Eds , New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1998, pp 159-174.
  • Charren P, Gelber A, Arnold M. Media, children, and violence: a public policy perspective. Pediatrics 1994;94(4 Pt 2):631-7.
  • Chavez V, Dorfman L. Spanish Language Television News Portrayals of Youth and Violence in California. International Quarterly of Community Health Education 1996.
  • Clinton M. Media coverage in the wake of tragedy. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Mental Health Nursing 1996;5(3):93-4.
  • Davie WR, Lee J-S. Sex, Violence, and Consonance/Differentiation: An Analysis of Local TV News Values. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 1995;72(1):128-138.
  • Davies G. The impact of television on the presentation and reception of children's testimony. International Journal of Law & Psychiatry 1999;22(3-4):241-56.
  • Donaldson LJ, O'Brien S. Press coverage of the Cleveland child sexual abuse enquiry: a source of public enlightenment? Journal of Public Health Medicine 1995;17(1):70-6.
  • Dorfman L, Woodruff K, Chavez V, Wallack L. Youth and violence on local television news in California. American Journal of Public Health 1997;87(8):1311-6.
  • DuRant RH, Rich M, Emans SJ, Rome ES, Allred E, Woods ER. Violence and weapon carrying in music videos. A content analysis. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 1997;151(5):443-8.
  • Fair JE, Astroff RJ. Constructing Race and Violence: U.S. News Coverage and the Signifying Practices of Apartheid. Journal of Communication 1991;41(4):58-74.
  • Grabe ME. Tabloid and Traditional Television News Magazine Crime Stories: Crime Lessons and Reaffirmation of Social Class Distinctions. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 1996;73(4):926-946.
  • Gray MMA, Sathiparsad R. Violence against Women in South Africa: An Analysis of Media Coverage. Maatskaplike Werk/Social Work 1998;34(3):267-280.
  • Haines HH. Nominal Medicalization and Scientific Legitimacy in the Public Health Approach to Violence. Association Paper: Society for the Study of Social Problems; 1997.
  • Herkov MJ, Biernat M. Perceptions of the media in a community exposed to serial murder. Journal of Clinical Psychology 1997;53(8):909-15.
  • Howe A. "The War against Women": Media Representations of Men's Violence against Women in Australia. Violence Against Women 1997;3(1):59-75.
  • James A, Jenks C. Public perceptions of childhood criminality. British Journal of Sociology 1996;47(2):315-31.
  • Jones K. Are Rap Videos More Violent? Style Differences and the Prevalence of Sex and Violence in the Age of MTV. The Howard Journal of Communications 1997;8(4):343-356.
  • Kasinsky RG. Tailhook and the Construction of Sexual Harassment in the Media: "Rowdy Navy Boys" and Women Who Made a Difference. Violence Against Women 1998;4(1):81-99.
  • Kinkema KM, Harris JC. Sport and the mass media. Exercise & Sport Sciences Reviews 1992;20:127-59.
  • Kooistra PG, Mahoney JS, Jr. The Historical Roots of Tabloid TV Crime. In: Chpt In Making Trouble: Cultural Constructions of Crime, Deviance, and Control, Ferrell, Jeff, & Websdale, Neil Eds , Hawthorne, NY: Aldine De Gruyter, 1999, pp 47-71.
  • Laursen L. Violence and Other Social Problems in Denmark-Media Construction and Reality. Nad Publication 1994.
  • Lupton D, Chapman S. Death of a heart surgeon: reflections on press accounts of the murder of Victor Chang. BMJ 1991;303(6817):1583-6.
  • Mahan S, Lawrence R. Media and Mayhem in Corrections: The Role of the Media in Prison Riots. Prison Journal 1996;76(4):420-441.
  • McDonald MG. Unnecessary Roughness: Gender and Racial Politics in Domestic Violence Media Events. Sociology of Sport Journal 1999;16(2):111-133.
  • Meyers M. News coverage of violence against women: engendering blame. xii+148pp.
  • Monson MJ. Domestic Violence in the Hyperreal: An Examination of Race and Ethnicity in "Real Life" Police Drama. Dissertation Abstracts International 2000;60(9):3542-A.
  • Montgomery K. Youth and digital media: a policy research agenda. Journal of Adolescent Health 2000;27(2 Suppl):61-8.
  • O'Neal GS. Clothes to Kill For: An Analysis of Primary and Secondary Claims-Making in Print Media. Sociological Inquiry 1997;67(3):336-349.
  • Pickering M, Littlewood J, Walter T. Beauty and the Beast: Sex and Death in the Tabloid Press. In: Chpt in Death, Gender and Ethnicity, Field, David, Hockey, Jenny, & Small, Neil Eds , London: Routledge, 1997, pp 124-141.
  • Price JH, Merrill EA, Clause ME. The depiction of guns on prime time television. Journal of School Health 1992;62(1):15-8.
  • Rich M, Woods ER, Goodman E, Emans SJ, DuRant RH. Aggressors or victims: gender and race in music video violence. Pediatrics 1998;101(4 Pt 1):669-74.
  • Rodriguez Sutil C, Esteban JL, Takeuchi M, Clausen T, Scott R. Televised violence: a Japanese, Spanish, and American comparison. Psychological Reports 1995;77(3 Pt 1):995-1000.
  • Schooler C, Flora JA. Pervasive media violence. Annual Review of Public Health 1996;17:275-98.
  • Solomon WS. Framing Violence: Press Coverage of the L.A.P.D./Rodney King Beating and First Trial. New Political Science 1993.
  • Sorenson SB, Manz JG, Berk RA. News media coverage and the epidemiology of homicide. American Journal of Public Health 1998;88(10):1510-4.
  • Stapleton S. Media violence. The harsh reality. Minnesota Medicine 2000;83(9):28-30.
  • Strasburger VC, Donnerstein E. Children, adolescents, and the media: issues and solutions. Pediatrics 1999;103(1):129-39.
  • Studebaker CA, Robbennolt JK, Pathak-Sharma MK, Penrod SD. Assessing pretrial publicity effects: integrating content analytic results. Law & Human Behavior 2000;24(3):317-36.
  • Wearing M. Professional Discourse and Sensational Journalism: Media Constructions of Violent Insanity. Australian Journal of Communication 1993.
  • Weiss H-J. Extreme Right-Wing Racial Violence-An Effect of the Mass Media? Communications 1997;22(1):57-68.
  • Wilson CP. Framing the shooter - the globe and the streets. Cultural Studies 1997;11:390-417.
  • Wrye HK. Projections of domestic violence and erotic terror on the film screen. Psychoanalytic Review 1997;84(5):681-99.
  • Zuckerman DM. Media violence, gun control, and public policy. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry 1996;66(3):378-89.

Women's Health

  • Amos A (1985) British women's magazines - a healthy read? In Leathar D, Hastings GB, O'Reilly K, Davies JK (eds). Health Education and the Media II. Oxford: Pergamon, pp 197-202.
  • Anderson RC, Larson DL. Reconstruction and augmentation patients' reaction to the media coverage of silicone gel-filled implants: anxiety evaluated. Psychol Rep 1995;76:1323-30.
  • Andsager JL, Powers A. Social or Economic Concerns: How News and Women's Magazines Framed Breast Cancer in the 1990s. Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 1999;76(3):531-550.
  • Andsager JL, Hust SJ, Powers A. Patient-blaming and representation of risk factors in breast cancer images. Women & Health 2000;31(2-3):57-79.
  • Angelique HL, Culley MR. Searching for feminism: an analysis of community psychology literature relevant to women's concerns. American Journal of Community Psychology 2000;28(6):793-813.
  • Beal BA, Gardner CB. Gendered Advice and Mental Health Practices. Perspectives on Social Problems 2000.
  • Beaulieu A, Lippman A. "Everything you need to know": how women's magazines structure prenatal diagnosis for women over 35. Women & Health 1995;23(3):59-74.
  • Breimer L. Advertisements in the BMJ. Advertisements for drugs used in disorders with a negative image never feature men. BMJ 1996;313(7061):883.
  • Breimer, L.H. Men v women v animals in drug advertisements. BMJ 1997;315: 1550.
  • Brendtro MJ. Breast cancer: agenda setting through activism. Advanced Practice Nursing Quarterly 1998;4(1):54-63.
  • Carlson ES, Li S, Holm K. An analysis of menopause in the popular press. Health Care for Women International 1997;18(6):557-64.
  • Carryer J, Maclean S. Women's infertility: challenges for practice. Nursing Praxis in New Zealand 1998;13(1):23-32.
  • Cartwright L. Community and the Public Body in Breast Cancer Media Activism. Cultural Studies 1998;12(2):117-138.
  • Cheek J. (Con)textualizing Toxic Shock Syndrome: Selected Media Representations of the Emergence of a Health Phenomenon 1979-1995. Health 1997;1(2):183-203.
  • Chrisler JC, Levy KB. The media construct a menstrual monster: a content analysis of PMS articles in the popular press. Women & Health 1990;16(2):89-104.
  • Collins C, Davis LS, Rentz K, Vannoy D. Influence of advertisement on women's attitudes toward mammography screening. Issues in Mental Health Nursing 1997;18(6):603-21.
  • Feit MN. Exposure of adolescent girls to cigar images in women's magazines, 1992-1998. American Journal of Public Health 2001;91(2):286-8.
  • Gerlach KK, Marino C, Weed DL, Hoffman-Goetz L. Lack of colon cancer coverage in seven women's magazines. Women & Health 1997;26(2):57-68.
  • Gerlach KK, Marino C, Hoffman-Goetz L. Cancer coverage in women's magazines: what information are women receiving? Journal of Cancer Education 1997;12(4):240-4.
  • Gies L. Contesting the Rule of Emotions? The Press and Enforced Caesareans. Social & Legal Studies 2000;9(4):515-538.
  • Gold N, Auslander G. Gender issues in newspaper coverage of people with disabilities: a Canada-Israel comparison. Women & Health 1999;29(4):75-96.
  • Guillen EO, Barr SI. Nutrition, dieting, and fitness messages in a magazine for adolescent women, 1970-1990. Journal of Adolescent Health 1994;15(6):464-72.
  • Henderson AM. Mixed messages about the meanings of breast-feeding representations in the Australian press and popular magazines. Midwifery 1999;15(1):24-31.
  • Henderson L, Kitzinger J, Green J. Representing infant feeding: content analysis of British media portrayals of bottle feeding and breast feeding. BMJ 2000;321(7270):1196-8.
  • Hoffman-Goetz L, Gerlach KK, Marino C, Mills SL. Cancer coverage and tobacco advertising in African-American women's popular magazines. Journal of Community Health 1997;22(4):261-70.
  • Hoffman-Goetz L. Cancer experiences of African-American women as portrayed in popular mass magazines. Psycho-Oncology 1999;8(1):36-45.
  • Hoffman-Goetz L, MacDonald M. Cancer coverage in mass-circulating Canadian women's magazines. Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Sante Publique 1999;90(1):55-9.
  • Hotham NJ. Information on drugs and environmental influences in pregnancy in popular magazines: a critical review. Medical Journal of Australia 1995;162(8):417-20.
  • Howell F. Tobacco advertising and coverage of smoking and health in women's magazines. Irish Medical Journal 1994;87(5):140-1.
  • Johnson JD. Factors distinguishing regular readers of breast cancer information in magazines. Women & Health 1997;26(1):7-27.
  • Johnson MA, Gotthoffer AR, Lauffer KA. The Sexual and Reproductive Health Content of African American and Latino Magazines. The Howard Journal of Communications 1999;10(3):169-187.
  • Kalbfleisch PJ, Bonnell KH, Harris TM. Media portrayals of women's menstrual health issues. In: Parrott RL, Condit CM, editors. Evaluating women's health messages: A resource book. Thousand Oaks, CA, USA: Sage Publications, Inc; 1996. p. 279-292.
  • Lantz PM, Booth KM. The Social Construction of the Breast Cancer Epidemic. Social Science & Medicine 1998;46(7):907-918.
  • Larson DL, Anderson RC, Maksud D, Grunert BK. What influences public perceptions of silicone breast implants? Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery 1994;94(2):318-25; discussion 326-7.
  • Marchessault J, Sawchuk. K. Wild science : reading feminism, medicine, and the media. London: Routledge; 2000.
  • Martinez R, Johnston-Robledo I, Ulsh HM, Chrisler JC. Singing "the baby blues": a content analysis of popular press articles about postpartum affective disturbances. Women & Health 2000;31(2-3):37-56.
  • Montgomery CH, Sherif K. The information problem in women's health: a piece of the solution. Journal of Womens Health & Gender-Based Medicine 2000;9(5):529-36.
  • Powers A. Newspaper coverage of the breast implant controversy. Women & Health 1999;30(2):83-98.
  • Raftos M, Mannix J, Jackson D. More than motherhood? A feminist exploration of 'women's health' in papers indexed by CINAHL 1993-1995. Journal of Advanced Nursing 1997;26(6):1142-9.
  • Raftos M, Jackson D, Mannix J. Idealised versus tainted femininity: discourses of the menstrual experience in Australian magazines that target young women. Nursing Inquiry 1998;5(3):174-86.
  • Sacks V. Women and AIDS: an analysis of media misrepresentations. Social Science & Medicine 1996;42(1):59-73.
  • Savoie I, Kazanjian A, Brunger F. Women, the media, and heart disease. For better or for worse? International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 1999;15(4):729-37.
  • Thompson TL, Robinson JD, Cusella LP, Shellabarger S. Women's health problems in soap operas: a content analysis. Womens Health Issues 2000;10(4):202-9.
  • Topo P. Climacteric Hormone Therapy in Medical and Lay Texts in Finland from 1955 to 1992. Social Science & Medicine 1997;45(5):751-760.
  • Wilbraham L. Few of us are potential Miss South Africas, but ... - psychological discourses about women's bodies in advice columns. South African J Psychology 1996; 26:162-71.
  • Yadlon S. Skinny Women and Good Mothers: The Rhetoric of Risk, Control, and Culpability in the Production of Knowledge about Breast Cancer. Feminist Studies 1997;23(3):645-677.