Paragraphs: structure, types/ functions, cohesion of a paragraph

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1. University of Hertfordshire (UK)
http://www.uefap.co.uk/writing/writfram.htm
Very good paragraph unit but not completely thorough More info

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2. Hong Kong Polytechnic (Virtual Language Centre)
http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/academicwriter/Questions/writemodeintro.htm
Biggest sample of academic paragraphs on web More info

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3. University of Ottawa
http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/grammar.html
Good as basic introduction to paragraphs More info


1. University of Hertfordshire (UK)

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Very good paragraph unit but not completely thorough
http://www.uefap.co.uk/writing/writfram.htm

Using English for Academic Purposes(UEfAP) School of Combined Studies Writing Module aimed at Int’nl students

Structure - Unit 7 Paragraphs has 3 parts: Topic; Flow; Signalling.
Work on types and cohesion in other units.

Content - comprehensive but not always theoretically thorough or systematically organised in this one unit. Paragraph Structure in Topic; Cohesion - information focus/theme in Flow; Cohesion - conjunction in Signalling
but also done as 'Explicitness' in Features. Paragraph types/functions
also in Functions unit.

Appearance - attractive, very colourful and clear with some good diagrammatic representations and some entertaining cartoons.Design - good with manageable and easy navigation despite the very long scroll downs, so can easily find different sections and do activities.

Instruction - easy to understand even though quite dry style of explanation. Problem: sometimes explanations too long and information too specific e.g. you may have to scroll through many pages of examples at the word, or sentence level. Advantages: very good activities, exercises, some interactive with correction or correct model. Also a test at the end of the unit and in final Unit 17.

Helpful Hint - Very interesting and useful information on paragraph cohesion or Flow as they call it.

2. Hong Kong Polytechnic (Virtual Language Centre)

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Biggest sample of academic paragraphs on web
http://vlc.polyu.edu.hk/academicwriter/Questions/writemodeintro.htm

Structure - no instruction on paragraphs, no paragraph unit, but hundreds of good and bad model paragraphs on different topics in all units.

Content - teacher comments on models seem theoretically sound but no systematic information or instruction.

Appearance - clear, though very dense and print based layout, so not very interesting.

Design - interactive in comments and analysis of models and also in tasks. Last section is interactive quizzes for all stages. Easy navigation inside site and also hyperlinks throughout to resources outside website.

Instruction - unusual because it is done mostly through teacher
comments and analysis of models, not by explanation. Most examples/models are
paragraphs though some are longer and mostly from humanities essays. All with
useful drop down comments on many aspects of writing including paragraph structure, types, cohesion.

Helpful hint - don't be tempted to plagiarise examples! Keep in mind, though this site is helpful for all students, the target audience is Hong Kong students so topics are biased towards their needs.

3. University of Ottawa

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Good as basic introduction to paragraphs
http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/grammar.html

Structure - Paragraph Unit is no. 10 of 12 units mostly on words and grammar. It has 7 sections: Start with an Outline; Writing Topic Sentences; Review: Topic Sentences; Dividing your Argument; Developing Unified and Coherent Paragraphs; Review:Paragraph Development

Content - Information sound but not very thorough. Good on paragraph structure, logical development and types (4 functions) but nothing on any kind of cohesion.

Appearance - attractive and colourful with clear layout with short succint pages.

Design - most flexible internal navigation of any website we have seen - with arrows which take you directly between pages, sections and units.

Instruction - Good instruction, not only many comments and examples from different disciplines, but also interactive exercises with corrections and teacher comments in every section (2 review sections are all exercises)

Helpful Hint - If you are worried about your grammar this is a good site to to begin your paragraph writing exercises -it's got very thorough and systematic grammar exercises which you can access easily.