Unit of study descriptions for 2014
The unit components will be delivered so as to develop skills in problem-solving, evaluation of scientific literature, and oral and written communication. Lectures will provide an overview of the immune system and an update of fundamental facts. Problem/case-based scenarios together with invited guest/specialized lectures, hands-on practical work, literature research and group discussions ('tutorials') will provide in-depth analysis of particular chosen topics.
At the end of this unit, students will be able to discuss the microbiology, pathogenesis and epidemiology of the common STIs. They will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the clinical spectrum of STIs, including asymptomatic infection, genital manifestations, extragenital manifestations and problems related to pregnancy. When discussing STI management, students will understand the impact of STIs at individual, relationship and community levels and how needs differ with risk activity group and geographical location.
Course content will include the basic anatomy, physiology and clinical skills required for the investigation of STIs; the epidemiology, microbiology and clinical aspects of the following conditions: vaginal discharge, urethral discharge, genital ulceration, upper genital tract infections, sexually transmitted hepatitis, syphilis, anogenital warts and cancer, genital infestations, genital dermatology and other conditions likely to present in a sexual health context. Issues related to difficulties of access to treatment and the challenges faced in resource-poor settings will also be covered.
At the end of this unit of study, students will be able to describe the biological, developmental and socio-cultural contexts of adolescent sexual health as well as the constructs, challenges and diversities of adolescent sexuality. They will learn techniques used to optimize communication with adolescents and explore legal, ethical and public health implications of adolescent sexuality. They will also understand and describe one area of adolescent sexual health that the student chooses to study in depth from a list of suggestions.
The course is taught fully online using a range of assessments including group discussion, short answer questions and discussions based on case scenarios. It is divided into 6 modules: adolescent sexuality, adolescent sexual health, reproductive health issues in adolescence, diversity, legal and ethical issues and sexual health promotion.
At the end of this unit, students will be able to understand the principles of Infection Control; methods used in diagnostic microbiology including specimen collection, storage and transport; specific diagnostic techniques and the interpretation of laboratory results; principle methods of detection for the following organisms: Chlamydia trachomatis, Candida albicans, genital mycoplasmas, Herpes simplex viruses, Human papillomaviruses, Molluscum contagiosum, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Treponema pallidum, Trichomonas vaginalis, tropical genital ulcerating conditions and genital ectoparasites. Students will also be able to discuss methods used and interpretation of Hepatitis serology; laboratory aspects of syndromic management of vaginal discharge, urethral discharge, rectal discharge and prostatism; the diagnosis and management of HIV infection; the diagnosis of HIV-related opportunistic infections and tumours, and genital cytological assessment.
Course content will include reading materials and exercises. A compulsory intensive one week face-to-face lab practicum allows students to consolidate their theoretical knowledge.
Students will develop an awareness of all aspects of sexual health, including the importance of multidisciplinary approaches and the sexual rights of all individuals. The potential geographic, societal, cultural and political challenges faced in the delivery of effective sexual health care will be discussed.
The unit will introduce students to inquiry based learning and develop an understanding of the importance of evidence based practice.
At the end of this unit, students will be able to:
(i) Demonstrate the application of microskills to interpersonal communication, professional communication and in a counselling context;
(ii) Apply basic counselling interventions in a sexual health context;
(iii) Critique the application of counselling and psychotherapy theories in sexual health settings;
(iv) Critique and discuss ethical issues in sexuality counselling;
(v) Demonstrate skills in taking a sexual history;
(vi) Demonstrate the ability to develop a basic management plan for an individual or couple based on best available research and clinical evidence; and
(vii) Develop a self-awareness of sexual attitudes.
The unit of study will be conducted in two stages. Stage one is an online component and stage two is a compulsory face-to-face four-day workshop. During the workshop students will extend their knowledge and practice of counselling and psychotherapeutic interventions for sexual health concerns through role-plays, as well as participate in a Sexual Attitude Re-Assessment Seminar (SARS).
At the conclusion of this unit, students will be able to: (i) Apply a variety of counselling and/or psychotherapeutic techniques in addressing sexual health concerns; (ii) Critique the application of counselling and/or psychotherapeutic techniques in addressing sexual health concerns; (iii) Develop treatment/management plans for a variety of sexual health concerns; and (iv) Develop an awareness of sexual attitudes.
At the end of the unit students will:
(i) Critically discuss the concept of 'normality' in sexual function and the biological and psychosocial factors that determine this.
(ii) Understand the male and female sexual response cycle and factors that affect this.
(iii) Demonstrate knowledge of classifications of male and female sexual dysfunctions and clinical presentations of each.
(iv) Be able to diagnose a range of common sexual dysfunctions.
(v) Be competent to interpret the evidence base for best practice in the management options for selected sexual dysfunctions and select those appropriate for specific individuals/couples.
(vi) Reflect on the application of best practice in the management of sexual dysfunctions as it fits in with their personal and professional context.
(vii) Demonstrate the ability to identify a research question in sexual function and dysfunction and develop a simple research project.
o Discuss the available options for controlling fertility, including hormonal and non-hormonal reversible contraceptive methods, emergency contraception and permanent methods of contraception.
o Understand the different reproductive health needs of women from adolescence through to menopause.
o Understand the consequences of unintended pregnancy and describe the options available to women; discuss the impact of unsafe abortion in an international context.
o Demonstrate an understanding of the impact of age, culture, tradition, society, personal beliefs, disability and health on contraceptive choices.
o Understand the effect of sexual violence on reproductive health.
It provides students with an introduction to the essential practical competences in their specific stream. It emphasizes the interdisciplinary nature of clinical practice excellence, within a framework of inquiry based learning and evidence based practice.
(i) Students from clinical backgrounds will be attached to sexual health and HIV clinics and observe or manage patient care under supervision for a total of 15 sessions (half days). Whenever possible, attachments will be tailored to complement the candidates' past clinical experience.
(ii) Students from Public Health and laboratory backgrounds will have relevant fieldwork or laboratory attachments, together with some clinical exposure.
(iii) Students from counseling backgrounds will explore the design and application of counseling interventions in supervised placements for a total of 80 hours.
The university will assist in locating clinical, laboratory and counseling placements.
In addition, students will work in inter-professional groups to reflect on their role in team management of HIV, STIs and Sexual Health, and learn how to develop a relevant research proposal.
At the end of this unit students will be able to:
(i) Demonstrate an understanding of the terminology used in gender discourse.
(ii) Describe the biology of sexual development from fetus to adolescence and an understanding of the psychological and social factors that influence the process.
(iii) Describe syndromes of atypical sexual development and demonstrate an understanding of the medical, psychosocial and ethical concerns in the management.
(iv) Demonstrate an understanding of the biological, social and psychological factors that influence the expression of gender identity and sexual orientation in the community.
(v) Explore the Social and Psychological issues surrounding gender minorities in the community.
(vi) Discuss the social support systems and needs of gender minorities and their importance to wellbeing and quality of life.
(vii) Evaluate the legal and ethical concerns and problems faced by gender minorities in a global context.
(viii) Identify and prioritise research issues in the area of sex and gender.
Adult sexual assault is not uncommon and requires a holistic medical and forensic response, including skilled forensic examination. This course will concentrate on the physical aspects of sexual assault and its sequelae within the context of acute trauma. It will provide the student with the background to performing a forensic medical examination, collection of specimens and reporting requirements required by investigating authorities and the Courts. On completion of this unit, the student will be able to describe the basic anatomy of the anogenital region of females and males; the range of genital and bodily injuries; and written, graphic and photographic documentation required. The student will be prepared for the process of specimen collection, maintaining the chain of evidence and issues related to obtaining valid consent. The processes used in the analysis of forensic evidence, including DNA and drug testing will be described, together with the use of prophylaxis, counselling and follow up testing for sexually transmissible infections and pregnancy. Development of court reports will be discussed. The psychosocial aspects of acute trauma and their role in management will also be described. The assessment tasks will enable students to embed their knowledge in the legal and cultural context of their own workplace.
Theories covered will include those that address individual-level change, and group and social level change. Students will learn how to conduct needs assessments, plan programs, and address priority areas.
Theories covered will include those that address individual-level change, and group and social level change. Students will learn how to evaluate programs to ensure effectiveness. Evaluation methodology will include research design and how to measure changes in sexual attitudes and behaviours. Emphasis will be placed on analysis and interpretation of evaluation of data, particularly with regards to how evaluation feeds into research and new intervention design. Effective implementation and dissemination to the scientific community & the broader public will also be critically discussed.