Would you like a side of advertising with your Happy Meal?
12 July 2012
As public health organisations and the food and advertising industries continue to debate the regulation of marketing unhealthy foods to children, I've learnt that health organisations must take the wins when we get them.
In the latest face-off, McDonald's has been issued with a slap on the wrist, with the Advertising Standards Board upholding a complaint that McDonald's targeted children with its Happy Meals website.
An initial complaint, filed over a year ago by the Obesity Policy Coalition, was dismissed: the Advertising Standards Board didn't think the McDonald's Happy Meal website - which promoted free toys with kids' meals, spruiked birthday parties at its restaurants, featured fun games and cartoon characters including McDonald's own licensed characters - constituted as marketing to kids!
The most pressing question that needs to be addressed is how McDonald's can stand by the claim it doesn't promote Happy Meals to children when it has an entire website - with a URL happymeal.com.au - dedicated to online games and featuring McDonald's-licensed characters. It's certainly not the type of website that would appeal to adults.
So what has changed the opinion of the Advertising Standards Board this time? Maybe it was the 510 signatures that Cancer Council NSW, received in response to a petition asking anyone who felt strongly about this issue to sign. We included the 510 signatures in a letter to the Advertising Standards Board but it would not reconsider the original complaint as the website had not changed.
In making the 2011 ruling, the Board stated that microsites directed to children should avoid any reference to particular products and minimise organisational promotion.
We submitted a new complaint in May because we felt McDonald's had ignored this caution and, by filling the website with cartoon characters, had breached the Code. This time the complaint was upheld.
Did the pressure of the community make the board change its opinion this time?
The Advertising Standards Board says it considers "prevailing community standards", so we can only assume it was the support of 510 community members that convinced the Advertising Standards Board to change its mind, as the successful complaint and earlier complaint both argued that the website was being used to target children.
As marketers and advertisers continue to feel pressure from public health organisations and concerned parents who are urging better regulation of junk food advertising on television, the focus is changing and tactics are moving online.
Let's face it, you would have to be living under a rock to not know that online and social media is the space where Generation Z thrives. Young people don't just rely on television for entertainment; they are instant messaging, playing music on MP3 players, using their parents' tablets to download apps, and recording videos on their smart phones. And where Gen Z goes, brands and advertisers will follow.
But with our wins, there are setbacks. We recently submitted complaints about four other websites, Donut King, the Muffin Break's Muffin Man website, Aeroplane Jelly and Yogo Alley and each complaint was dismissed, despite featuring techniques such as online games, find-a-word puzzles and colouring-in sheets.
The Advertising Standards Board response states it doesn't deny these sites are aimed at children, however because of the wording and loopholes in the self-regulatory codes and initiatives, companies can continue to engage and promote their brands to children.
So in taking on these big food companies and advertisers and filing complaints, Cancer Council NSW knows that we will receive the negative shouts of "nanny state" and "get back to curing cancer" but cancer is the reason we are in this space.
There is convincing evidence that being overweight is a risk factor for cancers of the bowel, kidney, pancreas, oesophagus, endometrium (lining of the uterus) and post-menopausal breast cancer. And with three in five adults and a quarter of children either overweight or obese in Australia, we need to do more to create an environment that supports healthier food choices and doesn't encourage the wrong types of foods.
It's clear the government needs to step up and introduce stronger regulations across traditional and online media so there are no loopholes in the wording that can be manipulated by the food industry to target children.
Much needs to be done to reverse Australia's rising obesity rates but it's critical that we as a society play our part in protecting today's children from the unhealthy influence of junk food advertising so they don't become tomorrow's health statistics.
Kathy Chapman is director of health strategies at Cancer Council NSW and a PhD student at the University of Sydney.
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