Associate Professor Sandra Cooper

NHMRC Career Development Fellow (Level D)
Paediatrics & Child Health, Children's Hospital, Westmead

Telephone +61 2 9845 3101
Fax +61 2 9845 3078

Map

Research interests

Dr Sandra Cooper leads the Dysferlin and Membrane Repair team within the Institute for Neuoscience and Muscle Research and the Children's Hospital at Westmead. Dr Cooper's main focus is muscular dystrophy; focussing on a new mechanistic pathway in this group of disorders, defective membrane repair. The study of these rare disorders is beginning to lend vital information to what is a basic survival mechanism for cells, relevant to many tissues and pathologies linked with membrane damage (surgery, injury, heart attack, stroke). Her research is closely linked with patients; utilising real-life patient mutations as a key to unlock normal functions through study of disease-causing abnormal behaviour. Her research utilises patient tissue and cell lines, cell biology, physiology and biochemistry.

Selected grants

2013

  • Dysferlinopathy: A genetic disease sheds light on membrane repair for muscle and cardiac injury; Cooper S, North K, Egan J; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.
  • Dysferlin coordinates membrane repair for skeletal and cardiac injury; Cooper S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Career Development Fellowship.

2012

  • Gene Discovery and Functional Studies to Reveal Mechanisms Underlying Mitochondrial Respiratory Chain Disorders.; Christodoulou J, Cooper S; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

2011

  • The BD Influx High Speed Cell Sorter; Cunningham A, George J, Rizos H, Clarke C, Reddel R, Kefford R, North K, Stewart G, Jones C, Tam P, Alexander S, Gottlieb D, Bradstock K, Bryan T, Booth D, Bendall L, Brilot-Turville F, Hebbard L, Cooper S, Wang Y, Wang X; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Equipment Grants.
  • Improving the genetic diagnosis of neuromuscular diseases; Dale R, Christodoulou J, Brilot-Turville F, Yang N, Clarke N, Cooper S; Rebecca L Cooper Medical Research Foundation/Equipment Grant.

2009

  • The role of dysferlin in muscular dystrophy and membrane repair; Cooper S, North K; National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC)/Project Grants.

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Book Chapters

  • Waddell, L., Evesson, F., North, K., Cooper, S., Clarke, N. (2012). Diagnosis of the Muscular Dystrophies. In Madhuri Hegde and Arunkanth Ankala (Eds.), Muscular Dystrophy, (pp. 261-288). Rijeka, Croatia: InTech Publishers.
  • North, K., Cooper, S. (2006). Protein diagnosis in the dystrophinopathies. In Jeffrey S. Chamberlain, Thomas A. Rando (Eds.), Duchenne muscular dystrophy: advances in Therapeutics, (pp. 105-118). United States of America: Taylor & Francis.

Journals

  • Fuson, K., Rice, A., Mahling, R., Snow, A., Nayak, K., Shanbhogue, P., Meyer, A., Redpath, G., Hinderliter, A., Cooper, S., et al (2014). Alternate Splicing of Dysferlin C2A Confers Ca(2+)-Dependent and Ca(2+)-Independent Binding for Membrane Repair. Structure, 22(1), 104-115. [More Information]
  • Lek, A., Evesson, F., Lemckert, F., Redpath, G., Lueders, A., Turnbull, L., Whitchurch, C., North, K., Cooper, S. (2013). Calpains, Cleaved Mini-DysferlinC72, and L-Type Channels Underpin Calcium-Dependent Muscle Membrane Repair. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33(12), 5085-5094. [More Information]
  • Gaignard, P., Menezes, M., Schiff, M., Bayot, A., Rak, M., Oiger de Baulny, H., Su, C., Gilleron, M., Lombes, A., Abida, H., Cooper, S., Christodoulou, J., et al (2013). Mutations in CYC1, encoding cytochrome c1 subunit of respiratory chain complex III, cause insulin-responsive hyperglycemia. American Journal of Human Genetics, 93(2), 384-389. [More Information]
  • Riley, L., Menezes, M., Rudinger-Thirion, J., Duff, R., de Lonlay, P., Rotig, A., Tchan, M., Davis, M., Cooper, S., Christodoulou, J. (2013). Phenotypic variability and identification of novel YARS2 mutations in YARS2 mitochondrial myopathy, lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anaemia. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 8(1), 1-11. [More Information]
  • Lek, A., Evesson, F., Sutton, B., North, K., Cooper, S. (2012). Ferlins: Regulators of Vesicle Fusion for Auditory Neurotransmission, Receptor Trafficking and Membrane Repair. Traffic (Malden), 13(2), 185-194. [More Information]
  • Menezes, M., Waddell, L., Evesson, F., Cooper, S., Webster, R., Jones, K., Mowat, D., Kiernan, M., Johnston, H., Corbett, A., North, K., Clarke, N., et al (2012). Importance and challenge of making an early diagnosis in LMNA-related muscular dystrophy. Neurology, 78(16), 1258-1263. [More Information]
  • Waddell, L., Lemckert, F., Zheng, X., Tran, J., Evesson, F., Hawkes, J., Lek, A., Street, N., Lin, P., Clarke, N., North, K., Cooper, S., et al (2011). Dysferlin, Annexin A1, and Mitsugumin 53 Are Upregulated in Muscular Dystrophy and Localize to Longitudinal Tubules of the T-System With Stretch. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 70(4), 302-313. [More Information]
  • Lo, H., Bertini, E., Mirabella, M., Domazetovska, A., Dale, R., Petrini, S., D'Amico, A., Valente, E., Barresi, R., Roberts, M., Cooper, S., North, K., et al (2011). Mosaic Caveolin-3 Expression in Acquired Rippling Muscle Disease Without Evidence of Myasthenia Gravis or Acetylcholine Receptor Autoantibodies. Neuromuscular Disorders, 21(3), 194-203. [More Information]
  • Waddell, L., Monnier, N., Cooper, S., North, K., Clarke, N. (2011). Using complementary DNA from MyoD-transduced fibroblasts to sequence large muscle genes. Muscle and Nerve, 44(2), 280-282. [More Information]
  • Vandebrouck, A., Domazetovska, A., Mokbel, N., Cooper, S., Ilkovski, B., North, K. (2010). In Vitro Analysis of Rod Composition and Actin Dynamics in Inherited Myopathies. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 69(5), 429-441. [More Information]
  • Riley, L., Cooper, S., Hickey, P., Rudinger-Thirion, J., McKenzie, M., Compton, A., Lim, S., Thorburn, D., Ryan, M., Giege, R., Christodoulou, J., et al (2010). Mutation of the Mitochondrial Tyrosyl-tRNA Synthetase Gene, YARS2, Causes Myopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Sideroblastic Anemia-MLASA Syndrome. American Journal of Human Genetics, 87(1), 52-59. [More Information]
  • Lek, A., Lek, M., North, K., Cooper, S. (2010). Phylogenetic analysis of ferlin genes reveals ancient eukaryotic origins. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 10(1), 231-1-231-15. [More Information]
  • Clarke, N., Waddell, L., Cooper, S., Perry, M., Smith, R., Kornberg, A., Muntoni, F., Lillis, S., Straub, V., Bushby, K., North, K., et al (2010). Recessive Mutations in RYR1 Are a Common Cause of Congenital Fiber Type Disproportion. Human Mutation, 31(7), E1544-E1550. [More Information]
  • Evesson, F., Peat, R., Lek, A., Brilot-Turville, F., Lo, H., Dale, R., Parton, R., North, K., Cooper, S. (2010). Reduced Plasma Membrane Expression of Dysferlin Mutants Is Attributed to Accelerated Endocytosis via a Syntaxin-4-associated Pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285(37), 28529-28539. [More Information]
  • Egan, J., Butler, T., Cole, A., Abraham, S., Murala, J., Baines, D., Street, N., Thompson, L., Biecker, O., Dittmer, J., Cooper, S., Au, C., North, K., Winlaw, D. (2009). Myocardial membrane injury in pediatric cardiac surgery: An animal model. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 137(5), 1154-1162. [More Information]
  • Au, C., Butler, T., Egan, J., Cooper, S., Lo, H., Compton, A., North, K., Winlaw, D. (2008). Changes in skeletal muscle expression of AQP1 and AQP4 in dystrophinopathy and dysferlinopathy patients. Acta Neuropathologica, 116(3), 235-246. [More Information]
  • Ilkovski, B., Mokbel, N., Lewis, R., Walker, K., Nowak, K., Domazetovska, A., Laing, N., Fowler, V., North, K., Cooper, S. (2008). Disease Severity and Thin Filament Regulation in M9R TPM3 Nemaline Myopathy. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 67(9), 867-877. [More Information]
  • Lo, H., Cooper, S., Evesson, F., Seto, J., Chiotis, M., Tay, V., Compton, A., Cairns, A., Corbett, A., MacArthur, D., North, K., et al (2008). Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy: Diagnostic evaluation, frequency and clues to pathogenesis. Neuromuscular Disorders, 18(1), 34-44. [More Information]
  • Compton, A., Albrecht, D., Seto, J., Cooper, S., Ilkovski, B., Jones, K., Challis, D., Mowat, D., Ranscht, B., Bahlo, M., North, K., et al (2008). Mutations in Contactin-1, a Neural Adhesion and Neuromuscular Junction Protein, Cause a Familial Form of Lethal Congenital Myopathy. American Journal of Human Genetics, 83(6), 714-724. [More Information]
  • Cooper, S., Kizana, E., Yates, J., Lo, H., Yang, N., Wu, Z., Alexander, I., North, K. (2007). Dystrophinopathy carrier determination and detection of protein deficiencies in muscular dystrophy using lentiviral MyoD-forced myogenesis. Neuromuscular Disorders, 17(4), 276-284. [More Information]
  • Domazetovska, A., Ilkovski, B., Kumar, V., Valova, V., Vandebrouck, A., Hutchinson, D., Robinson, P., Cooper, S., Sparrow, J., Peckham, M., North, K. (2007). Intranuclear rod myopathy: molecular pathogenesis and mechanisms of weakness. Annals of Neurology, 62(6), 597-608. [More Information]
  • Domazetovska, A., Ilkovski, B., Cooper, S., Ghoddusi, M., Hardeman, E., Minamide, L., Gunning, P., Bamburg, J., North, K. (2007). Mechanisms underlying intranuclear rod formation. Brain, 130(12), 3275-3284. [More Information]
  • Clarke, N., Ilkovski, B., Cooper, S., Valova, V., Robinson, P., Nonaka, I., Feng, J., Marston, S., North, K. (2007). The pathogenesis of ACTA1-related congenital fiber type disproportion. Annals of Neurology, 61(6), 552-561. [More Information]
  • Hernandez-Deviez, D., Martin, S., Laval, S., Lo, H., Cooper, S., North, K., Bushby, K., Parton, R. (2006). Aberrant dysferlin trafficking in cells lacking caveolin or expressing dystrophy mutants of caveolin-3. Human Molecular Genetics, 15(1), 129-142.
  • Domazetovska, A., Ilkovski, B., Cooper, S., Valova, V., Lemckert, F., Hook, J., Hardeman, E., Robinson, P., Yang, N., Gunning, P., North, K. (2006). Unravelling the thin filament: mechanisms of weakness in inherited muscle disease. Neuromuscular Disorders, 16(Sup. 1), S60-S61.
  • Corbett, M., Akkari, A., Domazetovska, A., Cooper, S., North, K., Laing, N., Gunning, P., Hardeman, E. (2005). An alphaTropomyosin mutation alters dimer preference in nemaline myopathy. Annals of Neurology, 57(1), 42-49. [More Information]
  • Ilkovski, B., Clement, S., Sewry, C., North, K., Cooper, S. (2005). Defining alpha-skeletal and alpha-cardiac actin expression in human heart and skeletal muscle explains the absence of cardiac involvement in ACTA1 nemaline myopathy. Neuromuscular Disorders, 15(12), 829-835. [More Information]
  • Compton, A., Cooper, S., Hill, P., Yang, N., Froehner, S., North, K. (2005). The syntrophin-dystrobrevin subcomplex in human neuromuscular disorders. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 64(4), 350-361. [More Information]
  • Allen, D., Hardeman, E., North, K., Alexander, I., Cooper, S., Maxwell, A., Kizana, E., Ghoddusi, M. (2004). C2C12 Co-Culture On A Fibroblast Substratum Enables Sustained Survival Of Contractile, Highly Differentiated Myotubes With Peripheral Nuclei And Adult Fast Myosin Expression. Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton, 58(3), 200-211. [More Information]
  • North, K., Nowak, K., Cooper, S., Maxwell, A., Clement, S., Davies, K., Laing, N., Ilkovski, B., Domazetovska, A. (2004). Evidence For A Dominant-Negative Effect In Acta1 Nemaline Myopathy Caused By Abnormal Folding, Aggregation And Altered Polymerization Of Mutant Actin Isoforms. Human Molecular Genetics, 13(16), 1727-1743.
  • North, K., Winlaw, D., Cooper, S., Au, C., Yang, N., Lo, H., Compton, A., Wintour, M. (2004). Expression Of Aquaporin 1 In Human Cardiac And Skeletal Muscle. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 36(5), 655-662.
  • Cooper, S., Lo, S., North, K. (2003). Single section Western blot. Improving the molecular diagnosis of the muscular dystrophies. Neurology, 61(1), 93-97.

2014

  • Fuson, K., Rice, A., Mahling, R., Snow, A., Nayak, K., Shanbhogue, P., Meyer, A., Redpath, G., Hinderliter, A., Cooper, S., et al (2014). Alternate Splicing of Dysferlin C2A Confers Ca(2+)-Dependent and Ca(2+)-Independent Binding for Membrane Repair. Structure, 22(1), 104-115. [More Information]

2013

  • Lek, A., Evesson, F., Lemckert, F., Redpath, G., Lueders, A., Turnbull, L., Whitchurch, C., North, K., Cooper, S. (2013). Calpains, Cleaved Mini-DysferlinC72, and L-Type Channels Underpin Calcium-Dependent Muscle Membrane Repair. The Journal of Neuroscience, 33(12), 5085-5094. [More Information]
  • Gaignard, P., Menezes, M., Schiff, M., Bayot, A., Rak, M., Oiger de Baulny, H., Su, C., Gilleron, M., Lombes, A., Abida, H., Cooper, S., Christodoulou, J., et al (2013). Mutations in CYC1, encoding cytochrome c1 subunit of respiratory chain complex III, cause insulin-responsive hyperglycemia. American Journal of Human Genetics, 93(2), 384-389. [More Information]
  • Riley, L., Menezes, M., Rudinger-Thirion, J., Duff, R., de Lonlay, P., Rotig, A., Tchan, M., Davis, M., Cooper, S., Christodoulou, J. (2013). Phenotypic variability and identification of novel YARS2 mutations in YARS2 mitochondrial myopathy, lactic acidosis and sideroblastic anaemia. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 8(1), 1-11. [More Information]

2012

  • Waddell, L., Evesson, F., North, K., Cooper, S., Clarke, N. (2012). Diagnosis of the Muscular Dystrophies. In Madhuri Hegde and Arunkanth Ankala (Eds.), Muscular Dystrophy, (pp. 261-288). Rijeka, Croatia: InTech Publishers.
  • Lek, A., Evesson, F., Sutton, B., North, K., Cooper, S. (2012). Ferlins: Regulators of Vesicle Fusion for Auditory Neurotransmission, Receptor Trafficking and Membrane Repair. Traffic (Malden), 13(2), 185-194. [More Information]
  • Menezes, M., Waddell, L., Evesson, F., Cooper, S., Webster, R., Jones, K., Mowat, D., Kiernan, M., Johnston, H., Corbett, A., North, K., Clarke, N., et al (2012). Importance and challenge of making an early diagnosis in LMNA-related muscular dystrophy. Neurology, 78(16), 1258-1263. [More Information]

2011

  • Waddell, L., Lemckert, F., Zheng, X., Tran, J., Evesson, F., Hawkes, J., Lek, A., Street, N., Lin, P., Clarke, N., North, K., Cooper, S., et al (2011). Dysferlin, Annexin A1, and Mitsugumin 53 Are Upregulated in Muscular Dystrophy and Localize to Longitudinal Tubules of the T-System With Stretch. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 70(4), 302-313. [More Information]
  • Lo, H., Bertini, E., Mirabella, M., Domazetovska, A., Dale, R., Petrini, S., D'Amico, A., Valente, E., Barresi, R., Roberts, M., Cooper, S., North, K., et al (2011). Mosaic Caveolin-3 Expression in Acquired Rippling Muscle Disease Without Evidence of Myasthenia Gravis or Acetylcholine Receptor Autoantibodies. Neuromuscular Disorders, 21(3), 194-203. [More Information]
  • Waddell, L., Monnier, N., Cooper, S., North, K., Clarke, N. (2011). Using complementary DNA from MyoD-transduced fibroblasts to sequence large muscle genes. Muscle and Nerve, 44(2), 280-282. [More Information]

2010

  • Vandebrouck, A., Domazetovska, A., Mokbel, N., Cooper, S., Ilkovski, B., North, K. (2010). In Vitro Analysis of Rod Composition and Actin Dynamics in Inherited Myopathies. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 69(5), 429-441. [More Information]
  • Riley, L., Cooper, S., Hickey, P., Rudinger-Thirion, J., McKenzie, M., Compton, A., Lim, S., Thorburn, D., Ryan, M., Giege, R., Christodoulou, J., et al (2010). Mutation of the Mitochondrial Tyrosyl-tRNA Synthetase Gene, YARS2, Causes Myopathy, Lactic Acidosis, and Sideroblastic Anemia-MLASA Syndrome. American Journal of Human Genetics, 87(1), 52-59. [More Information]
  • Lek, A., Lek, M., North, K., Cooper, S. (2010). Phylogenetic analysis of ferlin genes reveals ancient eukaryotic origins. BMC Evolutionary Biology, 10(1), 231-1-231-15. [More Information]
  • Clarke, N., Waddell, L., Cooper, S., Perry, M., Smith, R., Kornberg, A., Muntoni, F., Lillis, S., Straub, V., Bushby, K., North, K., et al (2010). Recessive Mutations in RYR1 Are a Common Cause of Congenital Fiber Type Disproportion. Human Mutation, 31(7), E1544-E1550. [More Information]
  • Evesson, F., Peat, R., Lek, A., Brilot-Turville, F., Lo, H., Dale, R., Parton, R., North, K., Cooper, S. (2010). Reduced Plasma Membrane Expression of Dysferlin Mutants Is Attributed to Accelerated Endocytosis via a Syntaxin-4-associated Pathway. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 285(37), 28529-28539. [More Information]

2009

  • Egan, J., Butler, T., Cole, A., Abraham, S., Murala, J., Baines, D., Street, N., Thompson, L., Biecker, O., Dittmer, J., Cooper, S., Au, C., North, K., Winlaw, D. (2009). Myocardial membrane injury in pediatric cardiac surgery: An animal model. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, 137(5), 1154-1162. [More Information]

2008

  • Au, C., Butler, T., Egan, J., Cooper, S., Lo, H., Compton, A., North, K., Winlaw, D. (2008). Changes in skeletal muscle expression of AQP1 and AQP4 in dystrophinopathy and dysferlinopathy patients. Acta Neuropathologica, 116(3), 235-246. [More Information]
  • Ilkovski, B., Mokbel, N., Lewis, R., Walker, K., Nowak, K., Domazetovska, A., Laing, N., Fowler, V., North, K., Cooper, S. (2008). Disease Severity and Thin Filament Regulation in M9R TPM3 Nemaline Myopathy. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 67(9), 867-877. [More Information]
  • Lo, H., Cooper, S., Evesson, F., Seto, J., Chiotis, M., Tay, V., Compton, A., Cairns, A., Corbett, A., MacArthur, D., North, K., et al (2008). Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy: Diagnostic evaluation, frequency and clues to pathogenesis. Neuromuscular Disorders, 18(1), 34-44. [More Information]
  • Compton, A., Albrecht, D., Seto, J., Cooper, S., Ilkovski, B., Jones, K., Challis, D., Mowat, D., Ranscht, B., Bahlo, M., North, K., et al (2008). Mutations in Contactin-1, a Neural Adhesion and Neuromuscular Junction Protein, Cause a Familial Form of Lethal Congenital Myopathy. American Journal of Human Genetics, 83(6), 714-724. [More Information]

2007

  • Cooper, S., Kizana, E., Yates, J., Lo, H., Yang, N., Wu, Z., Alexander, I., North, K. (2007). Dystrophinopathy carrier determination and detection of protein deficiencies in muscular dystrophy using lentiviral MyoD-forced myogenesis. Neuromuscular Disorders, 17(4), 276-284. [More Information]
  • Domazetovska, A., Ilkovski, B., Kumar, V., Valova, V., Vandebrouck, A., Hutchinson, D., Robinson, P., Cooper, S., Sparrow, J., Peckham, M., North, K. (2007). Intranuclear rod myopathy: molecular pathogenesis and mechanisms of weakness. Annals of Neurology, 62(6), 597-608. [More Information]
  • Domazetovska, A., Ilkovski, B., Cooper, S., Ghoddusi, M., Hardeman, E., Minamide, L., Gunning, P., Bamburg, J., North, K. (2007). Mechanisms underlying intranuclear rod formation. Brain, 130(12), 3275-3284. [More Information]
  • Clarke, N., Ilkovski, B., Cooper, S., Valova, V., Robinson, P., Nonaka, I., Feng, J., Marston, S., North, K. (2007). The pathogenesis of ACTA1-related congenital fiber type disproportion. Annals of Neurology, 61(6), 552-561. [More Information]

2006

  • Hernandez-Deviez, D., Martin, S., Laval, S., Lo, H., Cooper, S., North, K., Bushby, K., Parton, R. (2006). Aberrant dysferlin trafficking in cells lacking caveolin or expressing dystrophy mutants of caveolin-3. Human Molecular Genetics, 15(1), 129-142.
  • North, K., Cooper, S. (2006). Protein diagnosis in the dystrophinopathies. In Jeffrey S. Chamberlain, Thomas A. Rando (Eds.), Duchenne muscular dystrophy: advances in Therapeutics, (pp. 105-118). United States of America: Taylor & Francis.
  • Domazetovska, A., Ilkovski, B., Cooper, S., Valova, V., Lemckert, F., Hook, J., Hardeman, E., Robinson, P., Yang, N., Gunning, P., North, K. (2006). Unravelling the thin filament: mechanisms of weakness in inherited muscle disease. Neuromuscular Disorders, 16(Sup. 1), S60-S61.

2005

  • Corbett, M., Akkari, A., Domazetovska, A., Cooper, S., North, K., Laing, N., Gunning, P., Hardeman, E. (2005). An alphaTropomyosin mutation alters dimer preference in nemaline myopathy. Annals of Neurology, 57(1), 42-49. [More Information]
  • Ilkovski, B., Clement, S., Sewry, C., North, K., Cooper, S. (2005). Defining alpha-skeletal and alpha-cardiac actin expression in human heart and skeletal muscle explains the absence of cardiac involvement in ACTA1 nemaline myopathy. Neuromuscular Disorders, 15(12), 829-835. [More Information]
  • Compton, A., Cooper, S., Hill, P., Yang, N., Froehner, S., North, K. (2005). The syntrophin-dystrobrevin subcomplex in human neuromuscular disorders. Journal of Neuropathology and Experimental Neurology, 64(4), 350-361. [More Information]

2004

  • Allen, D., Hardeman, E., North, K., Alexander, I., Cooper, S., Maxwell, A., Kizana, E., Ghoddusi, M. (2004). C2C12 Co-Culture On A Fibroblast Substratum Enables Sustained Survival Of Contractile, Highly Differentiated Myotubes With Peripheral Nuclei And Adult Fast Myosin Expression. Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton, 58(3), 200-211. [More Information]
  • North, K., Nowak, K., Cooper, S., Maxwell, A., Clement, S., Davies, K., Laing, N., Ilkovski, B., Domazetovska, A. (2004). Evidence For A Dominant-Negative Effect In Acta1 Nemaline Myopathy Caused By Abnormal Folding, Aggregation And Altered Polymerization Of Mutant Actin Isoforms. Human Molecular Genetics, 13(16), 1727-1743.
  • North, K., Winlaw, D., Cooper, S., Au, C., Yang, N., Lo, H., Compton, A., Wintour, M. (2004). Expression Of Aquaporin 1 In Human Cardiac And Skeletal Muscle. Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology, 36(5), 655-662.

2003

  • Cooper, S., Lo, S., North, K. (2003). Single section Western blot. Improving the molecular diagnosis of the muscular dystrophies. Neurology, 61(1), 93-97.

To update your profile click here. For support on your academic profile contact .