Dr Cameron Clark

B. Sc. Agr. (Hons), PhD (University of Sydney)
Senior Research Fellow

C04B - M C Franklin - Laboratory Camden
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 477324206
Fax +61 2 4655 2374

Website FutureDairy

Biographical details

After spending 5 years as a DairyNZ farm systems scientist in New Zealand, Cameron has returned home to the University where he completed his PhD in dairy cow physiology. Having a keen interest in the dairy farming system, Cameron has conducted research across a broad range of topics as listed below.

Research interests

Cameron's current research focus is on automatic milking systems, specifically, increasing the volume of grazeable home grown feed within close vicinity to the dairy and the impacts of the forages on cow traffic and farm system management. This area of research is of increasing priority as the size of automatic milking system herds grow and with the impending commercial adoption of the high throughput robotic rotary. Cameron will also be working together with commercial farms during the decision making phase and in the early stages of implementing automatic milking to help ensure their success.

Previous research areas:

  • Best practice management of chicory and plantain to increase quality and quantity given differing grazing timings and severities
  • Ability to reduce urine patch N loading onto pasture by allocating differing timings of pasture allocation.
  • The development of a model to increase pasture growth on farm by determining the cause of differences in pasture growth between paddocks
  • Investigating differences in type and quantity of water soluble carbohydrate in perennial ryegrass associated with defoliation timing.

Teaching and supervision

Dairy, Sensors, Automation, Robotics, Farm Systems

Current projects

  • The use of sensor and cow behaviour data to improve feed use efficiency on dairy farms
  • Incorporating grazeable forages into automatic milking systems
  • The detection of calving through sensors and machine learning
  • Improving milking robot utilisation in automatic milking systems through strategic feed allocation

In the media

ABC New England North West interviewed Beth Scott and Dr Cameron Clark from the Faculty of Veterinary Science about cattle and protein levels

echnology to assist with calving http://www.getfarming.com.au/pages/farming/articles_view.php?fId=9200020140603151838

In focus: Cameras used to monitor calving http://www.thechronicle.com.au/news/keeping-a-close-eye/2272213/

Royal Easter Show: Electronic monitoring on the farm has all the right mooves. Fully story:-http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/royal-easter-show-electronic-monitoring-on-the-farm-has-all-the-right-mooves-20140416-36s3t.html


Read more: http://www.smh.com.au/nsw/royal-easter-show-electronic-monitoring-on-the-farm-has-all-the-right-mooves-20140416-36s3t.html#ixzz2z5iBzN4d

University veterinary scientists and robotics experts were featured in international news programs including Discovery Canada and CTVnews. Dr Cameron Clark from the Faculty of Veterinary Science and Mark Calleija from the Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology were interviewed and discussed their ground breaking research being undertaken at the University’s Camden facility.

Designer Diets Explored http://adf.farmonline.com.au/news/magazine/equipment-and-technology/general/designer-diets-explored/2681375.aspx

Technology could take the sting out of calving [pdf]

Selected publications

Download citations: PDF RTF Endnote

Journals

  • Clark, C., Kwinten, N., van Gastel, D., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Lyons, N., Garcia, S. (2014). Differences in Voluntary Cow Traffic between Holstein and Illawarra Breeds of Dairy Cattle in a Pasture-based Automatic Milking System. Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 27(4), 587-591. [More Information]
  • Clark, C., Horadagoda, A., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Scott, V., Islam, M., Kaur Jhajj, R., Garcia, S. (2014). Grazing Soybean to Increase Voluntary Cow Traffic in a Pasture-based Automatic Milking System. Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 27(3), 422-430. [More Information]
  • Glassey, C., Clark, C., Roach, C., Lee, J. (2013). Herbicide application and direct drilling improves establishment and yield of chicory and plantain. Grass and Forage Science, 68(1), 178-185. [More Information]
  • Romera, A., Beukes, P., Clark, D., Clark, C., Tait, A. (2013). Pasture growth model to assist management on dairy farms: Testing the concept with farmers. Grassland Science, 59, 20-29. [More Information]
  • Griffiths, W., Clark, C., Clark, D., Waghorn, G. (2013). Supplementing lactating dairy cows fed high-quality pasture with black wattle (Acacia mearnsii) tannin. Animal, 7(11), 1789-1795. [More Information]
  • Gregorini, P., DelaRue, B., McLeod, K., Clark, C., Glassey, C., Jago, J. (2012). Rumination behavior of grazing dairy cows in response to restricted time at pasture. Livestock Science, 146(1), 95-98. [More Information]
  • Gregorini, P., Clark, C., McLeod, K., Glassey, C., Romera, A., Jago, J. (2011). Short Communication: Feeding station behavior of grazing dairy cows in response to restriction of time at pasture. Livestock Science, 137(1), 287-291. [More Information]
  • Clark, C., McLeod, K., Glassey, C., Gregorini, P., Costall, D., Betteridge, K., Jago, J. (2010). Capturing urine while maintaining pasture intake, milk production, and animal welfare of dairy cows in early and late lactation. Journal of Dairy Science, 93(5), 2280-2286.
  • Clark, C., Romera, A., Macdonald, K., Clark, D. (2010). Inter-paddock annual dry matter yield variability for dairy farms in the Waikato region of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 53(2), 187-191. [More Information]
  • Romera, A., Beukes, P., Clark, C., Clark, D., Levy, H., Tait, A. (2010). Use of a pasture growth model to estimate herbage mass at a paddock scale and assist management on dairy farms. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 74(1), 66-72. [More Information]
  • Gregorini, P., Clark, C., Jago, J., Glassey, C., McLeod, K., Romera, A. (2009). Restricting time at pasture: Effects on dairy cow herbage intake, foraging behavior, hunger-related hormones, and metabolite concentration during the first grazing session. Journal of Dairy Science, 92(9), 4572-4580. [More Information]
  • Fulkerson, W., Neal, J., Clark, C., Horadagoda, A., Nandra, K., Barchia, I. (2007). Nutritive value of forage species grown in the warm temperate climate of Australia for dairy cows: Grasses and legumes. Livestock Science, 107, 253-264.
  • Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K., Clark, C., Barchia, I. (2006). Effect of cereal-based concentrates on productivity of Holstein-Friesian cows grazing short-rotation ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) or kikuyu (Pennesitum clandestinum) pastures. Livestock Science, 103(1/2), 85-94.
  • Clark, C., Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K., Smith, H., Macmillian, K. (2006). Pattern of change in the concentration of milk acetone and its association with ovarian activity for pasture-based cows in early lactation. Livestock Science, 105(3), 144-150.
  • Clark, C., Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K., Barchia, I., Macmillan, K. (2005). Erratum to "The use of indicators to assess the degree of mobilisation of body reserves in dairy cows in early lactation on a pasture-based diet"[Livest. Prod. Sci. 94 (2005) 199–211]. Livestock Science, 100(2), 276-276.
  • Clark, C., Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K., Barchia, I., Macmillian, K. (2005). The use of indicators to assess the degree of mobilisation of body reserves in Dairy cows in early lactation on a pasture-based diet. Livestock Science, 94(3), 199-211.

Conferences

  • Garcia, S., Clark, C., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Islam, M., Farina, S., Evans, J. (2013). Gaps and variability in pasture utilisation in Australian pasture-based dairy systems. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Horadagoda, A., Clark, C., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Islam, M., Kaur Jhajj, R., Garcia, S. (2013). Grazing behaviour of dairy cows when grazing forage rape in a pasture-based automatic milking system. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Minnee, E., Clark, C., Clark, D. (2013). Herbage production from five grazable forages. New Zealand Grassland Association, New Zealand: New Zealand Grassland Association (Inc).
  • Clark, C., Islam, M., Horadagoda, A., Kaur Jhajj, R., Garcia, S., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K. (2013). Increasing feed conversion efficiency in automatic milking systems: The impact of grain-based concentrate allocation and kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) pasture state on kikuyu pasture digestibility. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Kaur Jhajj, R., Clark, C., Horadagoda, A., Golder, H., Garcia, S., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Islam, M. (2013). Increasing feed conversion efficiency in automatic milking systems: The impact of grain-based concentrate allocation and kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) pasture state on milk production in an automatic milking system. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Kaur Jhajj, R., Clark, C., Horadagoda, A., Golder, H., Garcia, S., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Islam, M. (2013). Increasing feed conversion efficiency in automatic milking systems: The impact of grain-based concentrate allocation and kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) pasture state on milk production in an automatic milking system. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Garcia, S., Islam, M., Clark, C. (2013). Kikuyu for dairy production. Invited paper. Perennial Grasses in Pasture Production Systems.
  • Islam, M., Clark, C., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Garcia, S., Lyons, N. (2013). Land areas required, associated walking distance and milking interval for large herds in pasture based automatic milking system. The Proceedings of Precision Dairy and Expo, Minnesota.
  • Islam, M., Garcia, S., Clark, C., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K. (2013). System fitness of grazeable forages for large herds in automatic milking systems. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Minnee, E., Clark, C., McAllister, T., Hutchinson, K., Lee, J. (2012). Chicory and plantain as feeds for dairy cows in late lactation. 5th Australasian Dairy Science Symposium 2012, Melbourne, Australia: Department of Primary Industries.
  • Lee, J., Hemmingson, N., Minnee, E., Clark, C. (2012). Chicory and plantain management strategies to increase herbage dry matter yield, nutritive value and plant survival. 5th Australasian Dairy Science Symposium 2012, Melbourne, Australia: Department of Primary Industries.
  • Horadagoda, A., Garcia, S., Islam, M., Kaur Jhajj, R., Clark, C. (2012). Grazing preferences of forages by dairy cows in different seasons. 5th Australasian Dairy Science Symposium 2012, Melbourne, Australia: Department of Primary Industries.
  • Tozer, K., Cameron, C., Clark, C., Lee, J. (2012). Impact of lax and intense grazing on chicory utilisation and survival. 5th Australasian Dairy Science Symposium 2012, Melbourne, Australia: Department of Primary Industries.
  • Clark, C., Waghorn, G., Gregorini, P., Woodward, S., Clark, D. (2011). Diurnal pattern of urinary and faecal nitrogen excretion by dairy cows fed ryegrass pasture twice daily indoors. 8th International Symposium on the Nutrition of Herbivores, Aberystwyth, Wales: Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences.
  • Clark, C., Clark, D., Waugh, C., Roach, C., Glassey, C., Woodward, S., Minnee, E., Woodfield, D. (2010). Systems to increase grazeable forage production in the Waikato: A progress report on the tall fescue and perennial ryegrass component of these systems. 72nd Conference of the New Zealand Grassland Association (2010), Dunedin: New Zealand Grassland Association (Inc).
  • Clark, C., Macdonald, K., Dalley, D. (2009). Stocking Rate and Calving Date Decisions for Dairy Farmers. South Island Dairy Event, New Zealand.
  • McLeod, K., Clark, C., Glassey, C., Gregorini, P., Costall, D., Betteridge, K., Jago, J. (2009). Strategically reducing time on pasture: Dairy cow intake, production, welfare, and excretory behaviour. 69th New Zealand Society of Animal Production Annual Conference NZSAP 2009, New Zealand: New Zealand Society of Animal Production.
  • Romera, A., Clark, C. (2008). Paddock to paddock pasture yield variation on dairy farms in the Waikato region of New Zealand. Joint XXI International Grassland Congress / VIII International Rangeland Congress Conference IGC/IRC 2008, China: Guangdong People's Publishing House.
  • Beukes, P., Clark, C., Romera, A., Levy, G., Lee, J. (2008). Using a climate-driven farm model to predict pasture mass for individual paddocks on New Zealand dairy farms. 70th Conference of the New Zealand Grassland Association (2008), Dunedin: New Zealand Grassland Association (Inc).
  • Phyn, C., Clark, C., Kolver, E. (2007). Extending lactation to 670 days. South Island Dairy Event (2007), Canterbury, New Zealand.
  • Clark, C., Clark, D., Fulkerson, W. (2007). Feed Conversion efficiency and genotype by environment interaction: matching a cow with high feed conversion efficiency to a low input, pasture based environment. 3rd Australasian Dairy Science Symposium 2007, Australia: National Dairy Alliance.
  • Clark, C., Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K., Dove, H. (2004). Estimating pasture intake using n-alkanes and known supplement intake. 25th Biennial Conference of the Australian Society of Animal Production, Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.
  • Clark, C., Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K. (2004). The Effect of Cereal Grain-Based Supplements on Blood B-hydroxyl-butyrate concentrations in dairy cows in a pasture-based system. 25th Biennial Conference of the Australian Society of Animal Production, Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

Other

  • Clark, C. (2006), Identifying indicators of energy balance for pasture based dairy cows in early lactation.

2014

  • Clark, C., Kwinten, N., van Gastel, D., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Lyons, N., Garcia, S. (2014). Differences in Voluntary Cow Traffic between Holstein and Illawarra Breeds of Dairy Cattle in a Pasture-based Automatic Milking System. Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 27(4), 587-591. [More Information]
  • Clark, C., Horadagoda, A., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Scott, V., Islam, M., Kaur Jhajj, R., Garcia, S. (2014). Grazing Soybean to Increase Voluntary Cow Traffic in a Pasture-based Automatic Milking System. Asian - Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences, 27(3), 422-430. [More Information]

2013

  • Garcia, S., Clark, C., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Islam, M., Farina, S., Evans, J. (2013). Gaps and variability in pasture utilisation in Australian pasture-based dairy systems. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Horadagoda, A., Clark, C., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Islam, M., Kaur Jhajj, R., Garcia, S. (2013). Grazing behaviour of dairy cows when grazing forage rape in a pasture-based automatic milking system. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Minnee, E., Clark, C., Clark, D. (2013). Herbage production from five grazable forages. New Zealand Grassland Association, New Zealand: New Zealand Grassland Association (Inc).
  • Glassey, C., Clark, C., Roach, C., Lee, J. (2013). Herbicide application and direct drilling improves establishment and yield of chicory and plantain. Grass and Forage Science, 68(1), 178-185. [More Information]
  • Clark, C., Islam, M., Horadagoda, A., Kaur Jhajj, R., Garcia, S., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K. (2013). Increasing feed conversion efficiency in automatic milking systems: The impact of grain-based concentrate allocation and kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) pasture state on kikuyu pasture digestibility. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Kaur Jhajj, R., Clark, C., Horadagoda, A., Golder, H., Garcia, S., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Islam, M. (2013). Increasing feed conversion efficiency in automatic milking systems: The impact of grain-based concentrate allocation and kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) pasture state on milk production in an automatic milking system. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Kaur Jhajj, R., Clark, C., Horadagoda, A., Golder, H., Garcia, S., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Islam, M. (2013). Increasing feed conversion efficiency in automatic milking systems: The impact of grain-based concentrate allocation and kikuyu (Pennisetum clandestinum) pasture state on milk production in an automatic milking system. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.
  • Garcia, S., Islam, M., Clark, C. (2013). Kikuyu for dairy production. Invited paper. Perennial Grasses in Pasture Production Systems.
  • Islam, M., Clark, C., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K., Garcia, S., Lyons, N. (2013). Land areas required, associated walking distance and milking interval for large herds in pasture based automatic milking system. The Proceedings of Precision Dairy and Expo, Minnesota.
  • Romera, A., Beukes, P., Clark, D., Clark, C., Tait, A. (2013). Pasture growth model to assist management on dairy farms: Testing the concept with farmers. Grassland Science, 59, 20-29. [More Information]
  • Griffiths, W., Clark, C., Clark, D., Waghorn, G. (2013). Supplementing lactating dairy cows fed high-quality pasture with black wattle (Acacia mearnsii) tannin. Animal, 7(11), 1789-1795. [More Information]
  • Islam, M., Garcia, S., Clark, C., Kerrisk (nee Davis), K. (2013). System fitness of grazeable forages for large herds in automatic milking systems. 22nd International Grasslands Congress, Orange, New South Wales: New South Wales Department of Primary Industry.

2012

  • Minnee, E., Clark, C., McAllister, T., Hutchinson, K., Lee, J. (2012). Chicory and plantain as feeds for dairy cows in late lactation. 5th Australasian Dairy Science Symposium 2012, Melbourne, Australia: Department of Primary Industries.
  • Lee, J., Hemmingson, N., Minnee, E., Clark, C. (2012). Chicory and plantain management strategies to increase herbage dry matter yield, nutritive value and plant survival. 5th Australasian Dairy Science Symposium 2012, Melbourne, Australia: Department of Primary Industries.
  • Horadagoda, A., Garcia, S., Islam, M., Kaur Jhajj, R., Clark, C. (2012). Grazing preferences of forages by dairy cows in different seasons. 5th Australasian Dairy Science Symposium 2012, Melbourne, Australia: Department of Primary Industries.
  • Tozer, K., Cameron, C., Clark, C., Lee, J. (2012). Impact of lax and intense grazing on chicory utilisation and survival. 5th Australasian Dairy Science Symposium 2012, Melbourne, Australia: Department of Primary Industries.
  • Gregorini, P., DelaRue, B., McLeod, K., Clark, C., Glassey, C., Jago, J. (2012). Rumination behavior of grazing dairy cows in response to restricted time at pasture. Livestock Science, 146(1), 95-98. [More Information]

2011

  • Clark, C., Waghorn, G., Gregorini, P., Woodward, S., Clark, D. (2011). Diurnal pattern of urinary and faecal nitrogen excretion by dairy cows fed ryegrass pasture twice daily indoors. 8th International Symposium on the Nutrition of Herbivores, Aberystwyth, Wales: Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences.
  • Gregorini, P., Clark, C., McLeod, K., Glassey, C., Romera, A., Jago, J. (2011). Short Communication: Feeding station behavior of grazing dairy cows in response to restriction of time at pasture. Livestock Science, 137(1), 287-291. [More Information]

2010

  • Clark, C., McLeod, K., Glassey, C., Gregorini, P., Costall, D., Betteridge, K., Jago, J. (2010). Capturing urine while maintaining pasture intake, milk production, and animal welfare of dairy cows in early and late lactation. Journal of Dairy Science, 93(5), 2280-2286.
  • Clark, C., Romera, A., Macdonald, K., Clark, D. (2010). Inter-paddock annual dry matter yield variability for dairy farms in the Waikato region of New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 53(2), 187-191. [More Information]
  • Clark, C., Clark, D., Waugh, C., Roach, C., Glassey, C., Woodward, S., Minnee, E., Woodfield, D. (2010). Systems to increase grazeable forage production in the Waikato: A progress report on the tall fescue and perennial ryegrass component of these systems. 72nd Conference of the New Zealand Grassland Association (2010), Dunedin: New Zealand Grassland Association (Inc).
  • Romera, A., Beukes, P., Clark, C., Clark, D., Levy, H., Tait, A. (2010). Use of a pasture growth model to estimate herbage mass at a paddock scale and assist management on dairy farms. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 74(1), 66-72. [More Information]

2009

  • Gregorini, P., Clark, C., Jago, J., Glassey, C., McLeod, K., Romera, A. (2009). Restricting time at pasture: Effects on dairy cow herbage intake, foraging behavior, hunger-related hormones, and metabolite concentration during the first grazing session. Journal of Dairy Science, 92(9), 4572-4580. [More Information]
  • Clark, C., Macdonald, K., Dalley, D. (2009). Stocking Rate and Calving Date Decisions for Dairy Farmers. South Island Dairy Event, New Zealand.
  • McLeod, K., Clark, C., Glassey, C., Gregorini, P., Costall, D., Betteridge, K., Jago, J. (2009). Strategically reducing time on pasture: Dairy cow intake, production, welfare, and excretory behaviour. 69th New Zealand Society of Animal Production Annual Conference NZSAP 2009, New Zealand: New Zealand Society of Animal Production.

2008

  • Romera, A., Clark, C. (2008). Paddock to paddock pasture yield variation on dairy farms in the Waikato region of New Zealand. Joint XXI International Grassland Congress / VIII International Rangeland Congress Conference IGC/IRC 2008, China: Guangdong People's Publishing House.
  • Beukes, P., Clark, C., Romera, A., Levy, G., Lee, J. (2008). Using a climate-driven farm model to predict pasture mass for individual paddocks on New Zealand dairy farms. 70th Conference of the New Zealand Grassland Association (2008), Dunedin: New Zealand Grassland Association (Inc).

2007

  • Phyn, C., Clark, C., Kolver, E. (2007). Extending lactation to 670 days. South Island Dairy Event (2007), Canterbury, New Zealand.
  • Clark, C., Clark, D., Fulkerson, W. (2007). Feed Conversion efficiency and genotype by environment interaction: matching a cow with high feed conversion efficiency to a low input, pasture based environment. 3rd Australasian Dairy Science Symposium 2007, Australia: National Dairy Alliance.
  • Fulkerson, W., Neal, J., Clark, C., Horadagoda, A., Nandra, K., Barchia, I. (2007). Nutritive value of forage species grown in the warm temperate climate of Australia for dairy cows: Grasses and legumes. Livestock Science, 107, 253-264.

2006

  • Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K., Clark, C., Barchia, I. (2006). Effect of cereal-based concentrates on productivity of Holstein-Friesian cows grazing short-rotation ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum) or kikuyu (Pennesitum clandestinum) pastures. Livestock Science, 103(1/2), 85-94.
  • Clark, C. (2006), Identifying indicators of energy balance for pasture based dairy cows in early lactation.
  • Clark, C., Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K., Smith, H., Macmillian, K. (2006). Pattern of change in the concentration of milk acetone and its association with ovarian activity for pasture-based cows in early lactation. Livestock Science, 105(3), 144-150.

2005

  • Clark, C., Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K., Barchia, I., Macmillan, K. (2005). Erratum to "The use of indicators to assess the degree of mobilisation of body reserves in dairy cows in early lactation on a pasture-based diet"[Livest. Prod. Sci. 94 (2005) 199–211]. Livestock Science, 100(2), 276-276.
  • Clark, C., Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K., Barchia, I., Macmillian, K. (2005). The use of indicators to assess the degree of mobilisation of body reserves in Dairy cows in early lactation on a pasture-based diet. Livestock Science, 94(3), 199-211.

2004

  • Clark, C., Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K., Dove, H. (2004). Estimating pasture intake using n-alkanes and known supplement intake. 25th Biennial Conference of the Australian Society of Animal Production, Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.
  • Clark, C., Fulkerson, W., Nandra, K. (2004). The Effect of Cereal Grain-Based Supplements on Blood B-hydroxyl-butyrate concentrations in dairy cows in a pasture-based system. 25th Biennial Conference of the Australian Society of Animal Production, Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.

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