Dr Penelope Crossley

BEc(SocSci) (Hons) LLB (Hons) (Sydney) GradDipLegalPrac (College of Law) PhD (Sydney)
Senior Lecturer

China studies centre

F10 - Law School (Camperdown)
The University of Sydney

Telephone +61 2 9351 0388
Fax +61 2 9351 0200

Website Papers on the Social Science Research Network (SSRN)

Biographical details

Dr Penelope Crossley specialises in the complex legal issues associated with the energy and resources sectors. In particular, her research focuses on the fields of comparative renewable energy and energy storage law, electricity market governance, and the intersection between tort law and the energy and resources sector. Penelope is the Senior Industry Advisor to the Australian Energy Storage Alliance on regulatory and policy issues and a member of the interdisciplinary Energy Storage Research Network (EStoReN) at the University of Sydney. Her PhD on ‘Reconceptualising Renewable Energy Law: A Comparative Study of the National Laws Designed to Accelerate the Deployment of Renewable Energy,’ was awarded in 2015.

Prior to entering academia, Penelope practised as a Solicitor in London and Beijing for a Magic Circle law firm specialising in Global Energy and Infrastructure Law. She has also worked in-house for a super major energy company advising their alternative energy division on issues related to emissions trading, renewable energy, emerging consumer markets and technologies.

Research interests

  • Energy law
  • Resources law
  • Regulatory theory
  • Climate change law
  • The intersection of energy law and tort law

Teaching and supervision

  • Torts
  • Torts and Contracts II
  • Global Energy and Resources Law
  • Legal and Taxation Issues in the Extractive Industries
  • Regulation and Management of Extractive Resources
  • Mining Resources: Sustainable Management of Revenue Flows

Associations

  • Chair of the Product Listing Review Panel (Clean Energy Council) (2016-2018)
  • Member of the University of Sydney Academic Board 2016-2017
  • Committee Member of the Sydney Branch of the Australian Institute for Energy (2015, 2016)
  • Member of the Australian Resources and Energy Law Association (AMPLA)
  • Admitted as a Solicitor of the NSW Supreme Court
  • Admitted as a Solicitor of the Senior Courts of England and Wales

Selected grants

2012

  • Australian Centre for Energy Storage Research (ACESeR); Maschmeyer T, Masters A, Vassallo A, Minett A, Lyster R, Crossley P, Hill D, Verbic G, Hyde R, Chester L, Frost G; DVC Research/Research Network Scheme (SyReNS).

Selected publications

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Book Chapters

  • Crossley, P. (2017). The Interaction between EU Renewable Energy Law and Energy Security (Forthcoming). In R. Leal-Arcas, J. Wouter (Eds.), Research Handbook on EU Energy Law and Policy. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Legal and Commercial Issues in the Australian LNG Market (Forthcoming). In S. Raszewski (Eds.), International Political Economy of Oil and Gas. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Crossley, P., Nicol, S. (2016). Resource Allocation and the Environment (Forthcoming). In H. Possingham, S. Gardam (Eds.), An Interdisciplinary Approach To Living in a Risky World. Australia: Australian Academy of Science.
  • Crossley, P., Curley, M., Pickett, J. (2010). Legislacion sobre energias renovables en el Reino Unido [Renewable Energy Law in the United Kingdom]. In Fernando Becker, Julian Martinez-Simancas, Luis Maria Cazorla (Eds.), Tratado De Energias Renovables: Volumen II [Renewable Energy Treaty: Volume 2], (pp. 457-492). Spain: IBERDROLA and Thomson-Aranzadi.

Journals

  • Crossley, P., Davies, L., Park, S. (2016). A Comparative Study of the Effect of Climate Laws on the Electricity Sector: Australia, Korea, The United Kingdom and the United States (Forthcoming). South Carolina Law Review.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Is it time to Establish a National Register for Stationary Energy Storage? Energy News, 34(1), 18-19. [More Information]
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Review of Legal Issues of Renewable Energy in the Asia Region: Recent Developments in a Post-Fukushima and Post-Kyoto Protocol Era. International Energy Law Review, 2016 (7), 312-314.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). What impact do Australia's climate laws have on the electricity sector? (Forthcoming). Energy News, 34(4).
  • Crossley, P. (2013). Defining the Greatest Legal and Policy Obstacle to "Energy Storage". Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review, 2013 (4), 268-281.
  • Crossley, P. (2013). Designing Sustainable Development? The Effectiveness of PV Solar Regulation in Australia and China. Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law, 15(1), 1-15.
  • Crossley, P. (2013). Energy Sovereignty or Regulatory Competition? North East Asian Renewable Energy Regulation in the Post Global Financial Crisis Era. Oil, Gas and Energy Law, 11(5), 1-36.
  • Crossley, P. (2011). Private Nuisance: An ill wind for wind energy projects? Torts Law Journal, 19(2), 135-152.

Conferences

  • Crossley, P. (2016). Conceptualising legislative definitions of renewable energy. Energy Transitions: Regulation of Energy Markets at National, European and International Levels Conference 2016, Joensuu, Finland: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Developments in International Renewable Energy Law. Australian Clean Energy Summit 2016, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Ensuring consumer protection and avoiding warranty litigation: The lessons for energy storage from consumer litigation in the US electric vehicle market. Sydney Law School Research Seminar, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Ensuring consumer protection and avoiding warranty litigation: The lessons for energy storage from consumer litigation in the US electric vehicle market. Batteries and the Law Seminar: Australian Institute of Energy, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Invited presentation - Competition or cooperation: Will the Chinese model of renewable energy law or the European Union model become international best practice? Centre for Asian Pacific Law, Sydney Law School, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Invited presentation - Recent legal, commercial and consumer issues associated with residential battery storage. Joint Clean Energy Council and Australian Battery Recycling Initiative's Lithium Battery Forum: Recycling, Transport and Warehousing, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Invited presentation - The Australian Legal System. University of Stavanger Law School, Stavanger, Norway: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Invited presentation - The role of renewable energy law in mitigating energy security and addressing environmental concerns. Dickson Poon Law School and the European Centre for Energy and Resource Security: King's College London, London, England: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). What can the history of class action negligence claims in the battery market can teach emerging energy technologies? Sydney Law School / Renmin University Torts Symposium 2016, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2015). Invited keynote presentation - Energy Storage in Australia: The market, opportunities for growth and regulatory challenges. 6th International Energy Storage and Microgrid Conference 2015: Chinese National Energy Storage Alliance, Yantai, China: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2015). Invited presentation - Flexibility, certainty and federalism: Challenges for the governance of Australia's electricity industry. School of Photovoltaic Solar and Renewable Energy Engineering and the Centre for Energy and Environmental Markets: University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2015). Invited presentation - The institutional governance of the National Electricity Market: A consumer's perspective. Energy Users Association of Australia (EUAA) National Conference 2015: Powering Towards 2020, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2015). Invited presentation - What role do national renewable energy laws play in addressing air pollution and encouraging environmental protection? 20th Annual Stegner Symposium – Air Quality: Health, Energy and Economics, Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2015). Understanding the Australian Regulatory Market & Developing Policy and Standards for Energy Storage. Australian Energy Storage Conference & Exhibition 2015: Generating New Ideas and Connections, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2014). Energy Sovereignty or Regulatory Competition? North East Asian Renewable Energy Regulation. Sydney Law School - National University of Singapore Symposium 2014, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2014). Invited presentation - The legal challenges and policy obstacles to the use of residential battery storage applications for renewables. International Renewable Energy Agency's Expert Workshop on Energy Storage - Tokyo 2014, Tokyo, Japan: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2013). Energy Sovereignty or Regulatory Competition? North East Asian Renewable Energy Regulation in the Post Global Financial Crisis Era. Energy Transitions: Regulation of Energy Markets at National, European and International Levels Conference, Joensuu, Finland: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2012). Defining the greatest legal obstacle to energy storage. Energy Storage Network Conference 2012, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2012). Legal responses to emerging energy technologies. Science for a Green Economy: Australian Frontiers of Science 2012, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2011). Designing sustainable development? The regulatory effectiveness of photovoltaic solar feed-in tariffs in Australia and China. 4th International Congress of Environmental Research (ICER-11), Surat, Gujarat, India: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2011). Is the law of private nuisance a barrier to the winds of change? Sydney Law School Postgraduate Conference 2011, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2011). The role of law in the development of the renewable energy sector: A comparative study of the effectiveness of the regulatory support mechanisms offered to participants in the renewable energy sector in Australia, China and the United Kingdom. C9-Go8 HDR Forum 2011: Clean Energy & Global Change for the Future, Beijing, China: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2011). The Role of Renewable Energy Regulation in Ensuring a Sustainable and Secure Energy Future. International Expert Group Meeting for the Korean Legislation Research Institute 2011, Seoul, Korea: Presentation.

Report

  • Crossley, P., Matthews, T. (2015). The impact of consultations with energy consumer advocates in the AEMC rule change process: A study of the outcomes of energy consumer advocates - For the Public Interest Advocacy Centre.

Other

  • Crossley, P. (2016), Submission on the Energy Storage Registration Consultation Paper. [More Information]
  • Crossley, P. (2015), Submission on the Institutional Governance Framework of the National Electricity Market Council of Australian Governments Review of the Governance Arrangements.
  • Crossley, P. (2012), Draft Energy White Paper - Strengthening the Foundation for Australia's Energy Future.
  • Crossley, P. (2012), Draft NSW Planning Guidelines for Wind Farms.
  • Crossley, P. (2012), Public Accounts Committee Inquiry into the Economics of Energy Generation.

2017

  • Crossley, P. (2017). The Interaction between EU Renewable Energy Law and Energy Security (Forthcoming). In R. Leal-Arcas, J. Wouter (Eds.), Research Handbook on EU Energy Law and Policy. United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing.

2016

  • Crossley, P., Davies, L., Park, S. (2016). A Comparative Study of the Effect of Climate Laws on the Electricity Sector: Australia, Korea, The United Kingdom and the United States (Forthcoming). South Carolina Law Review.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Conceptualising legislative definitions of renewable energy. Energy Transitions: Regulation of Energy Markets at National, European and International Levels Conference 2016, Joensuu, Finland: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Developments in International Renewable Energy Law. Australian Clean Energy Summit 2016, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Ensuring consumer protection and avoiding warranty litigation: The lessons for energy storage from consumer litigation in the US electric vehicle market. Sydney Law School Research Seminar, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Ensuring consumer protection and avoiding warranty litigation: The lessons for energy storage from consumer litigation in the US electric vehicle market. Batteries and the Law Seminar: Australian Institute of Energy, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Invited presentation - Competition or cooperation: Will the Chinese model of renewable energy law or the European Union model become international best practice? Centre for Asian Pacific Law, Sydney Law School, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Invited presentation - Recent legal, commercial and consumer issues associated with residential battery storage. Joint Clean Energy Council and Australian Battery Recycling Initiative's Lithium Battery Forum: Recycling, Transport and Warehousing, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Invited presentation - The Australian Legal System. University of Stavanger Law School, Stavanger, Norway: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Invited presentation - The role of renewable energy law in mitigating energy security and addressing environmental concerns. Dickson Poon Law School and the European Centre for Energy and Resource Security: King's College London, London, England: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Is it time to Establish a National Register for Stationary Energy Storage? Energy News, 34(1), 18-19. [More Information]
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Legal and Commercial Issues in the Australian LNG Market (Forthcoming). In S. Raszewski (Eds.), International Political Economy of Oil and Gas. United Kingdom: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Crossley, P., Nicol, S. (2016). Resource Allocation and the Environment (Forthcoming). In H. Possingham, S. Gardam (Eds.), An Interdisciplinary Approach To Living in a Risky World. Australia: Australian Academy of Science.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). Review of Legal Issues of Renewable Energy in the Asia Region: Recent Developments in a Post-Fukushima and Post-Kyoto Protocol Era. International Energy Law Review, 2016 (7), 312-314.
  • Crossley, P. (2016), Submission on the Energy Storage Registration Consultation Paper. [More Information]
  • Crossley, P. (2016). What can the history of class action negligence claims in the battery market can teach emerging energy technologies? Sydney Law School / Renmin University Torts Symposium 2016, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2016). What impact do Australia's climate laws have on the electricity sector? (Forthcoming). Energy News, 34(4).

2015

  • Crossley, P. (2015). Invited keynote presentation - Energy Storage in Australia: The market, opportunities for growth and regulatory challenges. 6th International Energy Storage and Microgrid Conference 2015: Chinese National Energy Storage Alliance, Yantai, China: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2015). Invited presentation - Flexibility, certainty and federalism: Challenges for the governance of Australia's electricity industry. School of Photovoltaic Solar and Renewable Energy Engineering and the Centre for Energy and Environmental Markets: University of New South Wales, Kensington, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2015). Invited presentation - The institutional governance of the National Electricity Market: A consumer's perspective. Energy Users Association of Australia (EUAA) National Conference 2015: Powering Towards 2020, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2015). Invited presentation - What role do national renewable energy laws play in addressing air pollution and encouraging environmental protection? 20th Annual Stegner Symposium – Air Quality: Health, Energy and Economics, Salt Lake City, UT, USA: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2015), Submission on the Institutional Governance Framework of the National Electricity Market Council of Australian Governments Review of the Governance Arrangements.
  • Crossley, P., Matthews, T. (2015). The impact of consultations with energy consumer advocates in the AEMC rule change process: A study of the outcomes of energy consumer advocates - For the Public Interest Advocacy Centre.
  • Crossley, P. (2015). Understanding the Australian Regulatory Market & Developing Policy and Standards for Energy Storage. Australian Energy Storage Conference & Exhibition 2015: Generating New Ideas and Connections, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.

2014

  • Crossley, P. (2014). Energy Sovereignty or Regulatory Competition? North East Asian Renewable Energy Regulation. Sydney Law School - National University of Singapore Symposium 2014, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2014). Invited presentation - The legal challenges and policy obstacles to the use of residential battery storage applications for renewables. International Renewable Energy Agency's Expert Workshop on Energy Storage - Tokyo 2014, Tokyo, Japan: Presentation.

2013

  • Crossley, P. (2013). Defining the Greatest Legal and Policy Obstacle to "Energy Storage". Renewable Energy Law and Policy Review, 2013 (4), 268-281.
  • Crossley, P. (2013). Designing Sustainable Development? The Effectiveness of PV Solar Regulation in Australia and China. Asia Pacific Journal of Environmental Law, 15(1), 1-15.
  • Crossley, P. (2013). Energy Sovereignty or Regulatory Competition? North East Asian Renewable Energy Regulation in the Post Global Financial Crisis Era. Energy Transitions: Regulation of Energy Markets at National, European and International Levels Conference, Joensuu, Finland: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2013). Energy Sovereignty or Regulatory Competition? North East Asian Renewable Energy Regulation in the Post Global Financial Crisis Era. Oil, Gas and Energy Law, 11(5), 1-36.

2012

  • Crossley, P. (2012). Defining the greatest legal obstacle to energy storage. Energy Storage Network Conference 2012, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2012), Draft Energy White Paper - Strengthening the Foundation for Australia's Energy Future.
  • Crossley, P. (2012), Draft NSW Planning Guidelines for Wind Farms.
  • Crossley, P. (2012). Legal responses to emerging energy technologies. Science for a Green Economy: Australian Frontiers of Science 2012, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2012), Public Accounts Committee Inquiry into the Economics of Energy Generation.

2011

  • Crossley, P. (2011). Designing sustainable development? The regulatory effectiveness of photovoltaic solar feed-in tariffs in Australia and China. 4th International Congress of Environmental Research (ICER-11), Surat, Gujarat, India: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2011). Is the law of private nuisance a barrier to the winds of change? Sydney Law School Postgraduate Conference 2011, Sydney, NSW: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2011). Private Nuisance: An ill wind for wind energy projects? Torts Law Journal, 19(2), 135-152.
  • Crossley, P. (2011). The role of law in the development of the renewable energy sector: A comparative study of the effectiveness of the regulatory support mechanisms offered to participants in the renewable energy sector in Australia, China and the United Kingdom. C9-Go8 HDR Forum 2011: Clean Energy & Global Change for the Future, Beijing, China: Presentation.
  • Crossley, P. (2011). The Role of Renewable Energy Regulation in Ensuring a Sustainable and Secure Energy Future. International Expert Group Meeting for the Korean Legislation Research Institute 2011, Seoul, Korea: Presentation.

2010

  • Crossley, P., Curley, M., Pickett, J. (2010). Legislacion sobre energias renovables en el Reino Unido [Renewable Energy Law in the United Kingdom]. In Fernando Becker, Julian Martinez-Simancas, Luis Maria Cazorla (Eds.), Tratado De Energias Renovables: Volumen II [Renewable Energy Treaty: Volume 2], (pp. 457-492). Spain: IBERDROLA and Thomson-Aranzadi.

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