Given that our world is built around the movement of people and goods, the economic and social importance of transport for residents and businesses is clear. Different countries and cities have different transport systems, influenced by the urban and rural environments and vice versa. Transport supply consists of transport infrastructure and transport services, while demand consists of passenger and freight transport demand.
In recent years, transport systems have seen considerable change:
Changes in the transport system are expected to accelerate in the coming decade(s) due to the imminent arrival of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs). There is a shared view in the research community that this will be a major disruption in the transport domain. All major car manufacturers as well as large tech companies are developing CAVs. Automated vehicles are essentially robots with a variety of sensors that take over the steering task, while connected vehicles communicate with other vehicles as well as infrastructure.
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