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Classifications and terminologies research nonde at the University of Sydney

Classifications and terminologies

The building blocks for health information
Classifications provide a nationally consistent method of identifying all types of patients, their treatment and associated costs in order to inform health planning, policy and research and improve health care services.

The classification node at the University of Sydney comprises of Australia’s leading expertise in health classification systems and their applications. Our areas of expertise include:

  • Diseases and other health conditions
  • Health Interventions
  • Activity based funding/casemix
  • Functioning and disability classification
  • Primary care


ICPC-2 PLUS (also known as the BEACH coding system) is a clinical terminology classified to the International Classification of Primary Care, Version 2 (ICPC-2).

ICPC-2 PLUS is a user-friendly coding system, allowing health professionals to record symptoms, diagnoses (problem labels), past health problems and processes (such as procedures, counselling and referrals) at the point of care.

ICPC-2 PLUS can be used in age-sex disease registers, morbidity registers and full electronic health records in primary care. It currently contains approximately 8,000 terms that are commonly used in Australian general practice.

To learn more about ICPC-2 PLUS for end users or developers, please visit the ICPC-2 PLUS web page.

The classification node is an active participant in the World Health Organization Family of International Classifications (WHO-FIC) Network through the Australian Collaborating Centre and has been involved in the development of ICD-11 for Mortality and Morbidity Statistics (ICD-11 MMS) and the International Classification of Health Interventions (ICHI).

The ICD-11 has been approved by the World Health Assembly at the end of May 2019. For further information about ICD-11 progress, please visit the WHO website.

ICHI is the World Health Organization’s new classification for reporting and analysing health interventions.

ICHI is the companion classification to the International Classification of Diseases (ICD) and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).

The classification provides Member States, service providers, managers, and researchers with a common tool for reporting and analysing health interventions for statistical, quality and reimbursement purposes

Access the ICHI Beta-2 2019 platform here.

Download the ICHI brochure (pdf, 475.5kb).

The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is a framework for describing and organising information on functioning and disability.

It was approved for use by the World Health Assembly in 2001, after extensive testing across the world involving people with disabilities and people from a range of relevant disciplines.

Access the ICF web page here.

CAPS is a pharmaceutical classification system devised by the former Family Medicine Research Centre and used in the Centre's general practice research since the 1980s.

Its structure has been developed and expanded over the years to allow identification of all products currently used in Australian general practice.

Download the CAPS brochure (pdf, 475.5kb).

Our department designs and delivers web-based ICD-10-AM/ACHI/ACS education to facilitate implementation.

In the past we have assisted a range of overseas countries in adopting the Australian Classification System package including New Zealand, Ireland and Singapore.

We can provide health classification education and training for industry needs. We develop and deliver specific programs to meet these needs.

Download the HIMAA NCCH Conference 2019 coding exercise workbook answers (pdf, 475.5kb).


Download our list of recent publications (pdf, 75KB)

Fundamentals of Morbidity Coding

Fundamentals of Morbidity Coding presents a core understanding of how to classify diseases and procedures using ICD-10-AM, ACHI and the application of the Australian Coding Standards (ACS).

Fundamentals of Morbidity Coding provides a history on the development of classification systems and describes the purpose of clinical coding.

The main areas of the classification are discussed with exercises relevant to each section to test the user’s knowledge of the classification.

Topics include:

  • Introduction to the ICD-10-AM/ACHI/ACS
  • Conventions used in the classification
  • Abstracting relevant information from the clinical record for coding
  • Answers to exercises.

Order online:

Fundamentals of Morbidity Coding 11th Ed 2019 * (11th Edition)

Fundamentals of Morbidity Coding 10th Ed 2017 * (10th Edition)

Classifications Head

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Prof Richard Madden
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Research Affiliate

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Vera Dimitropoulos
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