LAST MODIFIED Tuesday 18 December 2018 17:17

William Joseph Cavendish

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "William Joseph Cavendish", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 19 December 2018

CAVENDISH, William Joseph (William Joseph CASTELL; CASTELLI; William Joseph CAVENDISH DE CASTELL)

Musician, dancing-master, composer, arranger

Born Kilkenny, Ireland, May 1789 (baptised 27 May)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 20 January 1833 (per Sovereign from Mauritius)
Died Sydney Harbour, 26 January 1839 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

CAVENDISH, Mary (alias of Mrs. Mary CECIL)

Teacher of music

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 20 January 1833 (per Sovereign from Mauritius)
Died Sydney Harbour, NSW, 26 January 1839


Born William Joseph Castell, he was a professional musician in London until debts forced him to leave for France in 1826. Later, in Mauritius, he affected the surname Cavendish de Castell, which he also used during his first months in Australia, then simply as Cavendish. Based on his papers, including a large number of letters from his wife in London, in the NSW State Archives (Papers of the Curator of Intestate Estates, 1839-41), Ann Beedell's 1990 and 1992 studies present a fascinating and scarifying, if incomplete, reconstruction of what she characterises as his failed career. Much evidence, some of it not cited by Beedell, suggests that he was, however, well respected in Sydney musical circles. A recent donation to the State Library of New South Wales, his 1833 manuscript is, so far as is known the very earliest example of a settler Australian musical composition to survive from colonial times.

Reporting on his well-attended funeral, The Australian noted:

The musical profession has lost a friend and a warm supporter in Mr. Cavendish, who has always been foremost to render his services, gratuitously, to the advancement and encouragement of the science. In private life he was greatly esteemed.

Cavendish would be remembered as the "founder" of the Cecilian Society, which, as a memorial, hung a portrait of him at its June 1839 meeting. Speculatively, Beedell (97) reproduces a "portrait of an unknown man, Sydney, c.1835, possibly William Joseph Castell", from Cedric Flower, Duck and cabbage tree: a pictorial history of clothes in Australia, 1788-1914 (Sydney: Angus and Robertson, 1968). He and his "sister" (in fact, his de facto partner), a "teacher of music", drowned in Sydney Harbour during the 1839 Anniversary Regatta.



To call up all the TROVE newspaper items tagged William Joseph Cavendish for 1833: 

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Herald (21 January 1833), 2 

From the Mauritius, last night, having sailed from thence on the 12th of December, the ship Sovereign, 398 tons, Captain McKellar, with a cargo of sugar. Passengers, Lieutenant Hopkins, and Lieutenant Austin, of the Bengal Army; Mr. Dempster, Surgeon; Mrs. Dempster, and 5 children; Captain Fyans, of the 4th Regiment, and Mr. Demestre, from the Mauritius; Miss Anen, Mr. Hazard, Mr. Cavendish, Miss Cavendish, 3 Lascar servants, and 2 prisoners of the Crown.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 March 1833), 1 

DANCING ACADEMY. MR. CAVENDISH de CASTELL, Member of the Royal Academy and Conservatoire, Paris, respectfully announces that his "Salle de Danse," will open for the season, at his residence, Macquarie-place, on Tuesday 26th instant, and contine on the Tuesdays and Fridays following for every species of fashionable dancing: Minuets, Gorvets, Quadrilles, Swedish, Spanish, and Polish dances, Bolero's, Muscovian and Circassian Circles, Galopades, the Grand Polonaise and Gymnastic exercises. Morning Academy at 12 for Ladies, evening at 7 for Gentlemen. The monthly balls will be under the direction of the Gentlemen Subscribers, who will act as Stewards in succession. Terms including the Soirées, two guineas per quarter. Parties desiring it, may form private classes at their more suitable convenience.

"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Herald (21 March 1833), 3 

John Wilson, a swellish sort of a chap, was handed to the bar, having been found, during Church hours, practising some of Mr. Cavendish de Castell's last new steps, in King-street. On being called upon to account for such conduct, he tried to come Tom Shuffleton over the charley, with "ah my dear fellow, we men of the world do business this way, you understand, no hiding our talents under a bushel, but let them bask in the sun, what think ye of that, eh." The constable appeared to think very little on the subject, for he carried him fotthwith to a place of safety. In defence, all he had to say, was, that he thought it cursed hard he could not have a little recreation, in a gentlemanly way, without being locked up. Three hours lounge as he was fundless.

ASSOCIATIONS: ? Was this John Thomas Wilson

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 March 1833), 3 

QUADRILLES, Minuets, Gavottes, Waltzes, Galopades, the Grand Polonaise, and every style of fashionable Dancing, taught by Mr. W. J. CAVENDISH DE CASTELL, Macquarie-place, Sydney. Morning Academy for Ladies only, on Tuesdays and Fridays; Evenings for Gentlemen. Private lessons to untaught or incomplete Pupils of any age, wishing secrecy and expedition. Schools and Families punctually attended to. Music provided for Quadrille Parties, Balls, and Assemblies.

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY IN SYDNEY. To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 April 1833), 3 

SIR, As Sciences and Arts are so closely connected, I feel much pleasure in acquainting the public, through your respected journal, that a society of the above description has been formed in our town. A locale has been hired, and the preparations have advanced so far, that in a month or six weeks friends may be admitted to witness the proceedings of the society. We must apologise, when, in the hurry of other occupations, we might pass over names, more or less connected with the society; but when we find that Messrs. EDWARDS, SIPPE, CAVENDISH, F. WILSON, &c. are connected with the institution of the Philharmonic Society, we congratulate the lovers of musical science upon this opportunity to improve the minds of our fellow citizens. Dr. J. L.

ASSOCIATIONS: John Lhotsky; John Edwards; George Sippe; F. Wilson

"THE KING'S BIRTHDAY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 May 1833), 2 

His Majesty's birth-day was celebrated on Tuesday last with the usual honours . . . In the evening Government-House was splendidly illuminated within and without, and His Excellency the Governor and Miss BOURKE entertained a brilliant party of about five hundred persons at a ball and supper. Mr. CAVENDISH, professor of dancing, by the express desire of Miss BOURKE, had the honour of conducting the ball, by which many of those imperfections in the quadrilles (so generally complained of), were happily avoided, and the figures danced with a precision hitherto unknown in this colony. About six hundred invitations were issued, and perhaps there were not a hundred short of that number present. At one o'clock the whole party partook of a cold collation, at which native delicacies, foreign luxuries, contributions from the Tagus, Rhine, and Garonne, and the mines of Potosi, seemed labouring to render refreshing, exhilirating, splendid, and precious. Quadrilles, waltzes, and the gay sauteuse were kept up with unabated animation untill three o'clock, when the party retired cheerful and charmed with the amusements of the evening.

ASSOCIATIONS: recently widowed governor Richard Bourke, and his daughter, later Anna Maria, Mrs./Lady Deas Thomson

"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (1 June 1833), 2 

Mr. Cavendish Castello presided as Master of the Ceremonies at the Ball, at Government House, on Tuesday last. In consequence, the dances were conducted with greater regularity than heretofore on such occasions.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 July 1833), 2 

A fancy dress ball took place on Tuesday evening at Mr. Cavendish's academy, in Macquarie-place. Owing to the unfavourable state of the weather, it was not so numerously attended as might otherwise have baen the case. The characters, in general, were well supported; particularly that of a Boatswain, which was admirably sustained by a gentleman dressed as a New Zealander. We should be glad to see another got up on a larger scale.

"March of Mind", The Sydney Monitor (20 July 1833), 3 

On Tuesday evening last, a Masquerade took place at Mr. Cavendish's Dancing Academy, in Macquarie-street, at which all the fashionables of Australia were present. Elegance in all its pleasing shapes, and the most refined hilarity, reigned throughout the evening.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (19 August 1833), 3 

REMOVAL OF THE BOARDING AND DAY SCHOOL OF MR. AND MRS. DAVIES . . . [to Cockle Bay] Drawing will be taught by Mr. EVANS; Dancing by Mr. CAVENDISH DE CASTELL; Music by Mr. SIPPE, and Miss BATES, with the constant superintendence of Mr. DAVIES . . . 1, Liverpool-street, 19th Aug. 1833.

ASSOCIATIONS: John J. Davies, schoolmaster

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (23 September 1833), 2 

We have been requested to give the following information respecting the proposed arrangements of Mr. Levy's Theatre; - Stage and Acting Managers, Messrs. Knowles and Cavendish; Leader of the Orchestre [sic], Mr. Edwards; Violincello, Mr. Sippe . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 September 1833), 3 

Theatre Royal Sydney. IT is with no small degree of pleasure that the undersigned (after much procrastination and many disappointments) is at length enabled to announce to his Friends and the Public the opening of the Sydney Theatre . . . The Orchestra will be composed of men of high respectability, and of the first musical talent in the Colony . . . The first performance will take place on the night of Saturday, the 5th Ootober next. The entertainments for that evening are as follows . . . the highly popular melodrama of THE MILLER AND HIS MEN; AFTER WHICH THE AMUSING FARCE OF THE IRISHMAN IN LONDON . . . Stage Manager, Mr. Cavendish; Acting Manager, Mr. Knowles. B. LEVEY.

ASSOCIATIONS: Barnett Levey; Conrad Knowles

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (4 November 1833), 2 

. . . The music was chaste and harmonious - free from that jarring discord which on other occasions has offended our ears. The seraphine, a delightful instrument in the chamber, was here introduced, but it certainly has not sufficient fulness of tone for a theatre; with that reservation, its strains were most harmonious, and Mr. Cavendish, who played upon it, displayed great execution and taste, accampanied by Mr. Stubbs' flute, which commanded the admiration of the house, and was loudly applauded; a more exquisite specimen of taste and execution on that instrument is seldom to be met with in this Colony.


"THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 November 1833), 2 

. . . The orchestra is well attended to by Mr. Edwards; and he is well supported also, by Mr. Sippe, Mr. Cavendish, and the other musicians. We know not what better judges may think; but in our opinion, the music is far superior to that produced by the military band which has hitherto played in the theatre.


To call up all the TROVE newspaper items tagged William Joseph Cavendish for 1834: 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 February 1834), 3 

respectfully announces to his Friends, Pupils,
and the Public in general, that he has REMOVED
from Macquarie-place, to a more central situation, opposite Mr. S. Terry's, Pitt-street.
The Academy open as usual, on Tuesday and Friday Evenings.
- Ladies and Gentlemen desirous of forming Private Practical Parties, may exclusively engage the Dancing Saloon, suitable to their own time and convenience.

[News], The Australian (28 February 1834), 3 

On Wednesday night the house of Mr. Cavendish, in Macquarie Place, was robbed by his servant of £4 4s. The fellow absconded, but was captured shortly after, when the money was discovered secreted under his left arm. He has been committed.

"POLICE INCIDENTS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 March 1834), 2 

"SYDNEY QUARITER SESSIONS . . . TUESDAY, APRIL 29", The Sydney Monitor (30 April 1834), 2 

Joseph Cooley stood charged with stealing four one-pounId notes, and one dollar, the property of his master, Mr. Cavendish the Music-master. It appeared that the prisoner in this case, took an opporttunity of purloining this property from a drawer, while he was employed int the room about some domestic duty. As soon as he had stolen the money, he absconded, but was taken about half an hour after, in a house in Clarence-street. When searched, four one-pound notes were found concealed under his arms. - Guilty. - To be transported to a penal settlement for seven years.

[Advertisement], The Australian (10 March 1834), 3


SIR, - I thus publicly acknowledge the receipt of your communication, respecting my performance on the Organ, at St. James's Church on Sundat morning the 23rd ult., and your interdict prohibiting me from again officiating during Divine Service, "because I belonged to the Sydney Theatre."

Oh reason when wilt thy long minority expire.

You appear to forget Sir, the "Benefit of the Sons of the Clergy" annually held at St. Paul's Cathedral, at which the performers are all, (with the exception of the King's boys) from the Theatres Royal, and at which ceremony I have had the honor of performing on the Organ, probably before you adopted the Pulpit for the display of your omneloquent discourses.

You forget also the annual music Meetings at the Cathedrals of York, Hereford, and Gloster, at which the principal singers and performers from the London Theatres invariably assist, the receipts of which Meetings have exceeded £2000 a day.

The Professional singers at the Foundling Asylum and Quebec Chapels, are from Drury Lane and Covent Garden, for the Clergy of England who have been regularly educated for the church, are convinced it must be the perfection of cant, to say that they conscientously object to any one officiating in the musical duties of the Church, merely because they were engaged in a public Orchestra.

Hypocrisy is the tribute which vice pays to virtue, and if the vicious assume its garb, they should at least conduct themselves with external propriety.

W. T. CAVENDISH DE CASTELL. [sic] Pitt Street, March 8, 1834.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (21 April 1834), 3 

By Permission of His Excellency the Governor,
TO-MORROW EVENING, Tuesday, the 22d of April, 1834,
when will be performed a number or CHORUSES, GLEES, DUETS, SONGS, &c,
by Mesdames Taylor, Jones, Meredith, Downes, and Messrs. Knowles, Meredith, Braham, Buckingham, Grose, and Taylor, late of the Sydney Theatre, assisted by several amateurs.
Mr. Cavendish will preside at the Piano Forte.

"THEATRICAL BENEFIT CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (21 April 1834), 2 

On Friday evening last, the principal performers of the Sydney Theatre gave their first Concert at the Pulteney Hotel . . . At the conclusion of the first part Mr. Meredith came forward and requested the Company would look over the weakness of the orchestra, and stated, that he had been through Sydney and Parramatta for Musicians, and could not engage any, most of them making the excuse that they had been paid at a high rate not to perform at the Pulteney . . .

NOTE: Cavendish was not among the performers named in the review, and, probably in his place, Conrad Knowles reportedly played at least some of the piano accompaniments.

"FROM A CORRESPONDENT", The Sydney Monitor (23 April 1834), 3 

You will perceive in this morning's Herald, a letter addressed to you from Mr. B. Levey, relative to the late theatrical fallings out. You will observe, also, that therein an imputation cast upon the veracity of those performers who have seceded from the Theatre. I have again to assure you, Sir, that the actors and actresses were led to expect Benefits, though holding no vouchers tor the same, and therefore Mr. Levey assertions I unhesitatingly pronounce substantively false. Mr. Levey alludes to Messrs. Cavendish, Sippe, Edwards, and Wilson, being entitled to benefits. None of these gentlemen could be so entitled, except it might be Mr. Cavendish, he having held the office of Stage Manager for a few months. Who ever heard of the members of an Orchestra having Benefits?

"SINGULAR CIRCUMSTANCE", The Sydney Herald (22 May 1834), 3 

Mr Cavendish of Macquarie-place, having occasion to proceed to Liverpool on business a few days ago, put a Bank note in his pocket for the purpose of paying his expenses, but on his arrival at Liverpool, he discovered to his surprise that it was non est. He had not stopped any where on the road, and was quite unable to account for its disappearance. A short time after his return to town, he received a letter through the post, enclosing a note of the same amount as the one he had lost. The letter was a mere blank envelope, and afforded no clue to the manner in which it had been lost.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (16 June 1834), 1 Supplement 

A gentleman of Sydney has made a handsome present to the Roman Catholic Chapel of a beautiful instalment called a Metalophone, which produces tones similar to the church organ. Mr. Cavendish has been engaged to perform on the instrument.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 June 1834), 2 

What irreligious people those Roman Catholics must be! We understand that they have actually engaged Mr. Cavendish to assist in divine service, in their chapel, by performing on a beautiful instrument called the Melalophone, which has been liberally presented to them by a gentleman of Sydney! - Mr. CAVENDISH, who has been a member of the orchestre in the theatre, and at Concerts in this very town!! He to be permitted to desecrate a place of worship by playing on the organ there! - he ought to be excommunicated! At all events we can state that he would not be suffered to play his music in St. James's Church.

"TO CORRESPONDENTS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 June 1834), 2 

In reply to the letter from Mr. Cavendish, it is only necessary to state, that we think few can misunderstand our meaning. Let Mr. C. play upon the organ, or whatever else may be the "hard name" of the instrument substituted for it in the Roman Catholic Chapel, and be thankful that he has not been excommunicated, without entering into any public explanation of what is self evident!

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (23 June 1834), 2 

We are requested to state that Mr. Cavendish has not been "engaged" to play on the Metalaphone at the Catholic Chapel, but volunteered his gratuitous services for that purpose.

"[FROM A CORRESPONDENT]", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 June 1834), 3 

The music and singing in the Roman Catholic Chapel on Sunday morning were superior to that which is usually heard in St James's Church; although the instrument is small for so large a place, yet the music produced from it by Mr. CAVENDISH contributed very much to give a beautiful effect to the voices as they rose in full harmony in the chant. I did not visit the chapel with a view to to become a proselyte to its tenets, yet I could not help being deeply impressed with the sense of devotion which pervaded the whole of the congregation. I remained to hear a sermon from Mr. ULLATHORNE, the first the Rev. gentleman has delivered since his return from Hobart Town, and was particularly struck with the graceful manner in which he introduced the subject of his return, and the gratification he felt in being again in the midst of his flock. The sermon was simple, but persuasive and elegant; and without drawing any invidious comparison, I must acknowledge, left upon me a greater impression than any which I have heard in Protestant Churches in this Colony.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 July 1834), 2 

We are glad to learn that Mr. Cavendish proposes to have a series of subscription balls in his spacious saloon in Pitt-street. The first ball will be shortly announced. From Mr. Cavendish's correct conduct and respectable connexions in Sydney, we have no doubt that his assemblies will be select, in the proper sense of the word; and we therefore wish him success. Occasional festive meetings like these have the very desirable effect of bringing society together and prometing good feeling; but we rather fear that a ball once a month will be too often. However, that is a question solely for the consideration of Mr. Cavendish and those by whom he is supported.

"To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 July 1834), 2 

SIR, I presume by your paper of to day, that Mr. Cavendish intends to establish Monthly Balls in Sydney, an undertaking in which I wish him »very success, from a conviction that such entertainments are conducive to good morals and productive of much public benefit.

There are now residing in Sydney, very many gentlemen whose means will not permit them to mix in that society which their birth fully entitles them to, and who, for want of other means to pass their dull hours, enter into excesses which entertainments such as that proposed by Mr. Cavendish, would not only prevent, but save many a respectable and worthy man from the after afflictions of inebriety.

In India, such entertainments as that now proposed, have been long in use, and many of the first class are seen to mix - on such occasions - with respectable people of even the middle class there. - It is to be hoped that the same liberality of mind will exist here.
Sydney, July 8, 1834.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (14 July 1834), 1 

MR. .CAVENDISH announces to his Friends and Pupils generally, that his
QUARTERLY BALL will take place on WEDNESDAY, July 16.
Dancing to commence at eight o'clock.

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (4 September 1834), 3 

The Philharmonic Society gave their Second Musical Soirée, on Tuesday evening last, at the Pulteney Hotel; and we regret to state that the attendance was meagre in the extreme, there being only about seventy persons present, amongst whom were the Governor, Potter Macqueen, Esq., (who appears to display a spirit of liberality worthy of emulation,) Colonel Despard, Captain Hunter, James Laidley, Esq., and several Commissiriat and Military Officers. - The Overtures by the 17th Band were performed in a masterly manner, particularly those of Auber, (the French Opera writer,) from "Gustavus III," and "Fra Diavolo;" there is a pleasing peculiarity of style in Auber's productions, which bears no affinity to any author who has preceded him in the musical world; we have no doubt that the name of Auber, by this time, has become as attractive in Europe as the justly celebrated Weber. The Glees were not sung with taste or sweetness, neither of the singers having a good voice; "Ye Gentlemen of England" was the happiest effort. But where were the Amateurs who compose the Society? Why did they not come forward and take the glees? The Society profess to give these Concerts, and only two or three of the members attend, and the getters up are obliged to be beholden to the Bandsmen for the major part of the enterainment. This is certainly not according to "Cockey." The female vocalists set an example to the absentees, which it is hoped will excite in the gentlemen amateurs a "spirit-stirring mood," at the next Soirée. The old Emerald favorite Savourneen Delish, was Mrs. E's. best performance, and was sung with much plaintive simplicity. Mrs. B. has a delightful voice, and was loudly applauded in "The Deserter;" the duet of "My pretty Page," between Mrs. E. and Mrs. B. was also applauded. Mr. L's Solo on the Clarionette was rather too long, although executed in that gentleman's best style. Mr. C's songs wanted a little more spirit in them; that of "My ain fireside" was the most pleasing. The duet of "Time has not thinned my flowing hair," between Mr. C. and Mrs. B. did not appear to have had sufficient practice - it was however above mediocrity. The Solo on the bugle by Mr. S. was a treat, and at the completion elicited applause. There is something however which Mr. S. requires both in his performance on the bugle and flute, notwithstanding he may be unrivalled in his execution of the former instrument, - that is expression. We regretted to witness such scarcity of stringed instruments; - there was nothing very wonderful in this department of the entertainment worth making mention. "Latour's Pianoforte Duet" by Mr. C. and Mrs. B. was played with much spirit and execution. "God save the King," according to custom, wound up the performances, and at about twelve o'clock the company retired. It is hoped that the next Concert will be better attended, both on the part of the Society and the Public.

ASSOCIATIONS: Band of the 17th Regiment; Thomas Lewis (master of the band, clarinet); Mrs. Boatright (vocalist, pianist); Joanna Ellard (vocalist); Thomas Stubbs (keyed bugle)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (22 December 1834), 2 

EDUCATION. THE Public are respectfully informed that the duties of Mr. and Mrs. Trood's Boarding and Day Schools, for Young Ladies and Gentlemen, will be resumed on Monday, the 5th of January. Dancing is Taught by Mr. Cavendish. A French Class will be formed under the superintendence of Monsieur Duvauchelle, from Paris. Kent-street, Dec. 22, 1834.

ASSOCIATIONS: Abel Salter Trood (1795-1868) and his wife, arrived Sydney, by 1834, departed for England, 1844; the printer Thomas Trood (1797-1850) was Abel's brother; J. A. Duvauchelle, professor of French and Italian, arrived Sydney by April 1833, departed August 1839

"THE SYDNEY THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (29 December 1834), 1 supplement 

. . . The Theatre opened, we understand, on Friday night last, without scarcely a brush having been put to one of the old worn-out scenes - no addition to the tattered theatrical wardrobe - the boxes, stage, and, in fact, the whole of the theatre in the same filthy condition as when the place closed - the Orchestra, too, exhibited a similar batch of musicians as the celebrated band of "Bombastes," and the greatest disorder prevailed behind the scenes. Mr. Simmons, in his closing address, informed the Public, that Mr. Levey had gone to Hobart Town "to cull from the theatrical garden there, the choicest flowers." Where are those flowers? . . . What have become, too, of the best musicians - Messrs. Cavendish, Lewis, Sippi, Wilson, Edwards, and others - and what has driven them from the Theatre? . . .


To call up all the TROVE newspaper items tagged William Joseph Cavendish for 1835: 

20 January 1835, George Gordonovitch's concert

"MR. GORDONOVITCH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (12 January 1835), 2 

By an advertisement in another column, it will be seen that Mr. Gordonevitch has appointed the 20th Inst, for his Concert. About twenty Vocalists have already offered their services, and Mr. Cavendish (under whose superintendence the entertainment will be conducted,) is making it his business to get up the Concert in a style unknown in Sydney. It is much to be regretted that the capacious and splendid hall of the Sydney College could not be obtained for that purpose, that being the only building in the Colony with the reverberation necessary to give the proper effect to music, and through the want of which, most of the Concerts got up in Sydney, have lost their effect.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 January 1835), 2 

Mr. Gordonovitch's concert will take place on Tuesday evening next. We understand that the music, vocal and instrumental, has been very judiciously selected, and that the whole of the musical talent in Sydney will muster on the occasion. The concert will be under the direction of Mr. Cavendish, whose arrangements at late Philharmonic concerts were so generally and deservedly commended. Mr. Gordonovitch is understood to be one of the Polish refugees, whose dread of the "miscreant" Nicholas of Russia compelled to expatriate themselves. At all events, he is a stranger, and that itself is a character which has ever ensured the sympathy and the patronage of Englishmen.

"MR. GORDONOVITCH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1835), 2 

On Tuesday evening one of the most brilliant and fashionable assemblages that New South Wales can produce, assembled at the Pulteney Hotel for the purpose of hearing (as it turned out to be) some of the finest specimens of vocal and instrumental music ever before heard in this colony. The arrangements made by Mr. Cavendish, under whose superintendence the concert was got up, reflect infinite credit, on that gentleman; as we are perfectly certain be must have been indefatigable in his exertions, which we are happy to say have been crowned with complete success. We observed there His Excellency the Governor, and the officers of his staff and many families of the highest standing in the colony. The room was crowded to excess, there being upwards of 500 persons present. We Will here endeavour to lay before our readers a short outline of the evening's performances.

It commenced with a Sinfonía, (Auber) which was finely executed; next followed a Hymn to the King, (Haydon) paraphrased from the German; Mrs. Tayor's "Come where the Aspens quiver," elicited great applause; as did likewise a French song, (Lechaleier [?]) sung by Mr. Knowles with great effect; Mr. Gordonovitch's German polocca accompanied by a full band went off with great eclat; and a glee by Mrs. Taylor, Mr. Aldis and Mr. Knowles gave entire satisfaction; a song by a young lady was sweetly sung, and would have had a fine effect had she been able to overcome her timidity; an Irish song, by Mr. Ellis, was received with rapturous applause; a cavatina by Mr. Gondonovitch, was tolerably well executed; but this gentleman does not appear to be a perfect master of the Italian language; glee, "Dame Durdon," by Mr. Aldis, Mr. Knowles, and Master Horn, was middling; a solo on the flute by Mr. Stubbs was brilliantly executed, it was decidedly the finest performance throughout the evening.

- PART II. commenced with an overture, (Mozart) which was a fine performance; a glee by Messrs. Aldis and Knowles and Mrs. Taylor, went off very gaily, and Mr. Gordonovitch's song "Yes I will leave my Father's Halls," was rapturously encored. Song, "We met," by a young lady, as before, sweet, but low; and Mrs. Taylor's "When first I heard a tale of Love," was sung in that lady's best style, and encored. In Mr. Gordonovitch's song "Up, comrades up," there was a dulness about the music that was not in unison with the words, although it was well executed. A trio, "Lady fair," by Mrs. Taylor, Mr. Aldis, and Mr. Knowles, was finely executed, Mr. Knowles's bass, fine in the extreme. Solo and grand double chorus (Purcell), Knowles, in his first part, was greatly at fault, not being able to reach the high notes. Finale, "Figaro" (Mozart), by the whole band, was brilliant, and the company departed well pleased with the evening's entertainment.

A series of Concerts conducted on a like scale, would, we are sure, meet with every support and patronage. We understand Mrs. Taylor is about to have one on a similar plan, and we hope that lady will meet with the success her talent, and abilities merit. The construction of the orchestra was extremely good, being on one side of the room, and not under the gallery as heretofore, whereby full scope was given to the voice, without being deadened hy the gallery immediately above the performer.

[News], The Sydney Herald (22 January 1835), 2 

The Concert for the benefit of Mr. Gordonovitch, on Tuesday evening, was very numerously attended, and a more respectble audience never congregated in Sydney. Considerable pains had been taken by the new host of the Pulteney to add as much lustre as possible to the Concert Room and by the excellent arrangements of Mr. Cavendish every thing was managed in the most comfortable and orderly manner . . .

"The Concert", The Sydney Monitor (24 January 1835), 2 

. . . The entertainment went off on the whole very well; every thing was regular and orderly. The night happened to be very sultry. Although Mr. Gordonovitch nominally gave the concert, - Mr. Cavendish actually gave it. We consider, therefore, Mr C. fully entitled to half the profits, and that he was engaged on these terms by Mr G.. It is most gratifying to understand that Mr. Caveindish would not accept a single sixpence for the time and labour he expended in the getting up of this concert. Mr. G. as a stranger and a foreigner could have done nothing of himself. Mr. C.'s conduct, therefore, entitles him to the applause of every man who can duly estimate a generous action of no common kind . . .

[Editorial], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 January 1835), 2 

We take some blame to ourselves for not having noticed the very liberal conduct of Mr. Cavendish, with respect to his exertions in getting up Mr. Gordonovitch's Concert. From the Monitor we learn, that the former gentleman refused to accept a farthing for his services - an act of liberality which, under all the circumstances, deserves to be generally known. We wish Mr. Cavendish, in the present dearth of public amusements, would give, on his own account, a few concerts similar to those which he has so ably conducted. We really think he would find it to his advantage to do so.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (29 January 1835), 2 

Mrs. Taylor, the vocalist, intends giving a Concert at the Pulteney Hotel early in the ensuing month. Most of the profession have offered their services on the occasion, and Mr. Cavendish will superintend the performances; a splendid new instrument called a Metalaphone, recently imported by Mr. Ellard, will be introduced on the night of the Concert to accompany the chorusses.

"SYDNEY GENERAL TRADE LIST . . . IMPORTS", The Sydney Monitor (11 February 1835), 2 

February 4. - Undaunted, (ship), 299 tons, Armstrong, master, from London . . . 1 case musical instrument strings, - Cavendish . . .

12 March 1835, ball at Regent Ville

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (5 March 1835), 3 

Mr. Cavendish has been engaged to conduct the Ball and Concert, to be given next week at the fete of Regent Ville.

"THE FETE AT REGENT VILLE", The Sydney Herald (16 March 1835), 3 

. . . At about nine o'clock, most of the company that could be expected in such disagreable weather, having arrived, some of the gentlemen of the 17th Regiment led the way to the ball-room, and were followed by the rest of the company, the majority of whom entered in fancy dresses of the most costly description. The bands of the 17th and 4th Regiments being in attendance, the party immediately commenced dancing, Mr. Cavendish being the conductor of the ceremonies. At this time the ball-room presented a very animated scene, and contained about two hundred persons, splendidly dressed in the costumes of various nations - Greeks, Turks, Swedes, Normans, Spaniards, Frenchmen, Indians, Dutch, Flemings, &c. The dancing continued until morning, when the company retired to the supper table, which was ranged under the verandah of the house. After supper, the cloth being removed, several toasts were given, and on the health of Sir John Jamison being drank, the worthy Knight rose and delivered a neat and most appropriate speech, which was followed by a number of other toasts and speeches. On returning to the ball-room the company kept on the "light fantastic toe" until near daylight, when the amusements were concluded by a splendid display of fireworks.

A party of vocalists from Sydney were in attendance for the purpose of giving a Concert, but the rain having altered the arrangements of the evening, the idea of a Concert was given up . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Regent-ville, country estate of John Jamison

24 March 1835, Maria Taylor's concert

"CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (26 March 1835), 3 

Mrs. Taylor gave her Concert on Tuesday evening last, at the Saloon of the Pulteney Hotel, to rather a thin house, scarcely sufficient we should think to cover the expenses. The performers were Mesdames Taylor, Boatwright, and Child, and Messrs. Simmons, Ellis, Gordonovitch, and Bonner; Mr. Cavendish presiding alternately at the Seraphine and Pinoforte [sic]. Mr. Thomas Stubbs assisted on the flute, and the Band of the 17th Regiment with their scientific leader Mr. Lewis, performed several celebrated Marches in their best style, and were loudly applauded throughout the evening. The finest piece of music next to the military performances, was a beautiful selection of airs with variations, by Mr. Stubbs, on the flute, and which for sweetness and expression we never heard equalled at any previous Concert. Mrs. Taylor sang, with her usual confidence, a number of pretty songs, amongst which was the sweet and plaintive air of Rawlinson's "Isle of Beauly," accompanied by Mr. Cavendish on the seraphine, and also assisted in the duetts and glees. We never heard Mr. Simmons to more advantage than in the interesting ballad of the "Misletoe Bough;" his comic duetts with Mrs. Taylor, although out of character in a concert-room, did much to enliven the spirits of the audience in all of which he was encored. The difficult song of the "Muffled Drum" was performed very creditably by Mrs. Boatwright, who seemed to be labouring under indisposition. Mr.Gordonovitch sang a number of songs, but we would advise that gentleman to confine himself to his own native airs, his style and pronunciation not being consonant with English ballad singing. The performances terminated at about half-past eleven o'clock.

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (27 March 1835), 2 

. . . Mrs. Taylor sung the "Minstrel Boy," accompanied by the metalaphone, an instrument which much resembles the sustenuto, attached to Motte's piano fortes. Mr. Cavendish evidently was out of his elements; he can't play it . . .

"CONCERT", The Sydney Monitor (28 March 1835), 3 

. . . Mr. Cavendish presided at the piano and metalaphone, with his usual taste . . .

21 April 1835, Thomas Stubbs's concert

"THE CONCERT", The Sydney Herald (23 April 1835), 2 

Mr. Stubbs' Concert, at the Royal Hotel, on Tuesday evening last, went off with the most perfect éclat, to a crowded and respectable audience. Mr. Stubbs' arrangements of the evening reflected considerable credit, and the performances, in every particular, surpassed any previous entertainment of the kind in the Colony. The principal attraction of the evening was that of a female debutante named Rust, a professional singer recently arrived amongst us from Europe, and whose brilliant talents will, no doubt, be the means of forming a new era in the musical history of Australia. Mrs. Rust made her appearance in the beautiful duet of Bishop's Oh! Maiden Fair, with a gentleman named Clark, and we must confess ourselves disqualified to point out its varied beauties it was a first-rate exhibition of vocal talent. At its conclusion followed one of the most noisy bursts of applause we have heard for some years, forming a strange contrast with the recent mellifluous tones. This lady also sung the song of Lo! here gentle lark, and another duet with Mr. Clarke, When thy bosom heaves a sigh, in both of which she displayed her superior talents as a singer. Mrs. Rust's style of singing appears to approximate to that of Miss Paton of the London theatres, but her forte is said to be the Italian, in which some of our music masters say she is nearly on an equality with Camporesi; these comparisons will not appear absurd when it is known that Mrs. Rust has practised professionally at Milan, and other places in Europe. We were glad to witness such a strong muster of instrumental performers,- Messrs. Wilson, Cavendish, Sippe, Stubbs, Lewis, Coleman, Josephson, and the band of the 17th Regiment. The Overtures were executed in masterly style, and we believe gave universal satisfaction. Mrs. Boatright sung the martial song, Follow to the War, with great effect, and Miss Douglas, under some disadvantages, gave the song of Gaily we Dance, in a very pleasing manner. With proper care, this young lady would become a first-rate ballad-singer, possessing a sweet voice and a neat style of execution, assisted by a knowledge of the science. The Bridesmaid's Chorus wanted vocal strength; the whole power of the performers should have been thrown into it - without which it is absurd to attempt chorusses. The glees appeared to want more animation, although the singers no doubt "followed copy;" the Muleteer's Glee was the most satisfactory. His Excellency the Governor was present at the performance, which closed at a late hour in the morning. - Mr. Stubbs may take to himself the gratification of having got up the best musical entertainment ever exhibited in Australia, and we believe no one left dissatisfied with the performances of the evening. There were upwards of three hundred persons present.

"MR. STUBBS'S CONCERT", The Australian (24 April 1835), 2 

Mr. Stubbs' Concert was performed on Tuesday night, before a numerous, respectable, and highly delighted audience of least 300 persons. Great expectations had been raised from rumours of the fine singing of Mrs. Rust, which were more than realized. It has seldom fallen to our lot to hear a more accomplished vocalist; and while we congratulate the Colony on so great an acquisition to our soirees, our thanks are due to Mr. Stubbs for introducing a lady so competent to afford us delight. We should say that Mrs. Rust's forte was Italian music; in an English song, she appears out of her proper element; her enunciation is not clear. Indeed, it would seem that she never before sung our native melodies. But she labored under disadvantages from ill health, which prevents us from forming a correct opinion of her excellence. The voice, especially, is affected by ill health; of hers, therefore, we can form no correct opinion, and will only say, that her lower notes are good, and that she has a very great compass of voice. She manages her higher notes with judgment and clearness, and her shake is very fine. - We wait with impatience to hear her under more favorable circumstances. Even laboring under the disadvantages she did, Mrs. Rust gave us great pleasure. The Concert opened with the overture to Rossini's opera of "Il Barbiere di Seviglia," which was beautifully performed by a most excellent orchestra. Mr. Lewis's solo on the clarionette was a high treat, and gave the greatest satisfaction. We are indebted, too, to Messrs. Stubbs and Wilson for the pleasure their masterly style of playing afforded. Mr. Josephson played a concerto by Lozier [? Logier], and did full justice to the composition of that celebrated pianist. - Mr. Gordonovitch sang "Di Piacer" with good taste, and, with the other singers, added to the pleasure of the evening. Mrs. Rust was encored in her first song, and her others narrowly escaped repetition.

The audience listened with great attention to "The Miseltoe Bough," as sung by Mr. Simmons.

We are sorry that the songs selected for Mrs. Boatwright were not the ones suited to her style of singing. They were, we think, beyond the compass of her voice and execution. Plaintive melodies are her forte; had she sung them, she would have given more general satisfaction. We stated before that she was an improving singer; - the event has shown that opinion to have been correct, or she could not have sung the songs she did. Still more simple melodies would have suited both her voice and execution better.

In our notice of the last Concert, we ventured to remark that there was too much vocal, and not enough instrumental music. The hint was of use, or Mr. Stubbs' good taste made him avoid the error; there was a fair "division of labor." We are in too good a humour with the Concert and performers to find much fault, or we should say, that Mr. Cavendish is not a good person to accompany a timid singer; he gives no assistance to the singer; and to be well accompanied, is of the first consequence.

On the whole, we were highly delighted, and look forward with pleasure to another Concert under Mr. Stubbs' judicious management. We are happy that this one was so well attended, and honored by the presence of His Excellency, since it may induce Mr. S. again to come forward to add to our amusement.

ASSOCIATIONS: Ellen Hatch Douglass (actor, vocalist); Mary Ann Paton (London theatrical vocalist)

"MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (27 April 1835), 2 

We understand that the Public may anticipate a musical treat in the course of a few weeks, another Concert being on the tapis. We have not heard for whose benefit the next is intended, but presume for Mr. Cavendish - that gentleman having been the drudge of all the previous Concerts, renders him justly entitled to this one. When the next entertainment of this description is given, it is to be hoped we shall see some of our musical young men step forward with their assistance in the chorusses, &c. If they fancy that such practices are derogatory, they are mistaken; it being quite common all over Europe for even nobility to render their assistance at musical festivals. At Van Diemen's Land, the first people in the Colony may be seen in public promoting the science; and it is only by such united efforts that we can expect this delightful art to flourish amongst us. There is, however, no excuse for persons keeping backward in these matters, since such a vocalist as Mrs. Rust has led the way.

[News], The Australian (28 April 1835), 2 

It is stated in the Herald that Mr. Cavendish is about to give a concert.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 April 1835), 2 

We understand that Mr. Cavendish is about shortly to give a concert for his own benefit. Mr. C. deserves every encouragement, not only on account of his acknowledged talents and respectability but for the readiness with which he at all times affords his very valuable assistance to others who may require it.

"Domestic and Miscellaneous Intelligence", The Australian (15 May 1835), 2 

On the arrival of the Roman Catholic Bishop, a Grand Oratorio will take place in the Catholic Chapel, the selections are from the work of Handel and are to be under the able direction of Mr. Cavendish. The Choir will be supported by all the professors and amateurs in Sydney.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 May 1835), 2 

We understand that a grand performance of sacred music is in preparation, and will take place in St. Mary's Church, Hyde Park, shortly after the arrival of the Roman Catholic Bishop of this colony, who is daily expected. The whole of the arrangements will be under the direction of Mr. Cavendish.

8 June 1835, Theatre Royal

"THE THEATRE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 June 1835), 2 

On Monday evening an unusually crowded audience assembled to witness the performance, and to welcome the return of Captain Piper to town, who, agreeably to advertisement, honoured the theatre with his presence on that night . . . The orchestra struck up "See the conquering Hero comes;" and Captain Piper, in the fullness of heart occasioned, no doubt, by the cordial welcome he met from his fellow-colonists, shortly addressed the audience . . .

. . . The orchestra, as usual, made a sad bungle on this occasion: when the period had arrived for Mrs. Taylor's introducing the "Sale of loves," Mr. Cavendish was not to he found, and the Pianoforte was therefore silent. Mrs. T. kept walking up and down by the foot lights for several minutes, beseeching one or other of our crack violin players to accompany her, but all in vain. Mr. Clarke's fiddle was mute, and Mr. Spyers's bow had, as we suppose, been soaped by some mischievous wight, "for the deuce a bow would either of them draw." Mrs. T. and the audience had just given up all hopes of the song, when Mr, Cavendish entered the orchestra in breathless haste, and made good the deficiency his absence had occasioned . . .

"To they Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 August 1835), 3 

SIR, In your paper of this day's date, you very correctly observed that the band of the theatre is incomplete. It is impossible to have a full band in this colony, but I have to notice many greater faults than those that you, and your contemporary point out. I am fully aware that the present band of the theatre costs more than a full band of first rate talent at any of the minor London theatres, who have treble the work, for they have to attend day rehearsals; which none do here, and I know from the best authority that each of the three gentlemen. viz. Messrs. Clarke, Spyer and Cavendish, get almost double the salary of any performer of that establishment; yet what musical treat do they afford us, or what talent do they evince. In former times, when any one had to sing, Mr. Sippe would arrange parts for four of five instruments, and well we remember with what tact Mr. Wilson led and accompanied; but now when Mrs. Taylor sings what do we have ? a piano forte accompaniment solely; and no doubt those three gentlemen rank themselves as men of great musical talent and flatter themselves, they do justice to the public and their employers.

The greatest improvement that ought or should took place, is, that all the songs should be accompanied by the band, and the director (Mr. Cavendish) should prepare the parts; and we do assure him, we do not like to see him sit like a boarding school young lady with a pianoforte copy before him and Messrs. Clarke, Spyers and the other little fry, sit gaping and gazing at the singers, as if they were of the audience. It is really disgraceful to see individuals who receive from the Treasury (so report says) £250 per annum each, do so little for it; and really if their services are worth that enormous and extravagant sum what must the services be worth of Mr. Simmons, Mrs. Taylor or Mr. Knowles, who are always before the public and perform more arduous duties in one night, than those three gentlemen in a month. I have long noticed this abuse, but out of pity to these gentlemen's feelings, I refrained from exposing it; but now the abuse is so glaring, that it cannot be passed over any longer.

I wish you, Mr. Editor, to bear in mind that all the music which has been played lately, in the stock pieces, is from the pen of Mr. Sippe. Such, Sir, is the true state of the band of the theatre, and as the lessees are paying so truly liberally for the music, perhaps, these three gentlemen will take this gentle hint to improve their department. Your insertion will oblige all lovers of theatricals and music, and none more so than one that visits the dress boxes generally at

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 August 1835), 2 

A case of considerable importance in the theatrical world, was disposed of by the learned Commissioner of the Court of Requests, on Saturday last. Mr. Cavendish, who has the entire musical direction of the orchestra at the theatre, sought to recover the sum of £5 from Mr. Simmons, the manager and joint lessee, being the amount of one week's salary of which he had been mulcted for non-attendance to his duties during one nights' performance . . .

20 September 1835, installation of John Bede Polding, St. Mary's Cathedral

[News], The Sydney Herald (21 September 1835), 3 

The inauguration of the Roman Catholic Bishop Poulding, took place yesterday, at Saint Mary's Chapel, Hyde Park. The Bull, containing the Bishop's authority, was read by the Vicar-General, after which an address was delivered by Dr. Poulding. During the Mass, which followed, several new musical pieces were performed by Mrs. Rust, the Rev. Messrs. Spencer and Corcoran, &c. Mrs. Chester and several other professsional singers were also in the choir, Mr. Cavendish presiding at the Seraphine.

"Domestic and Miscellaneous Intelligence", The Australian (22 September 1835), 2 

The installation of the Right Reverend Dr. Rolding, Catholic Bishop of the Colonies,, took place on Sunday last at the Catholic Church, Hyde Park. The Bishop was received at the great door at the west end of the building, by the Clergy dressed in their sacerdotal vestments, and having put on his Episcopal Robes, and assumed his Crosier and Mitre, he and the Clergy moved in procession to the foot of the High Altar, chaunting the Te Deum accompanied by the organ . . .

High mass was next performed by his Lordship in a most edifying manner, at the end of which he gave his solemn blessing to a crowded congregation, in which we observed a great many Protestant ladies and gentlemen.

Mr. Cavendish presided at the organ and the music, which was most beautiful was, we understand, executed by Mrs. Rust and several of the clergymen. Mrs. Rust was in excellent voice, and her execution of some of the most difficult passages was delightful in the extreme, she certainly appears to much more advantage in sacred music than at concerts . . .

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 September 1835), 2 

The Roman Catholic Bishop, Dr. Paulding, was inaugurated on Sunday last at St. Mary's Church, with episcopapal ceremony. The musical department was conducted, on a grand scale, Mr. Cavendish presiding at the seraphine, and Mrs. Chester and several superior vocalists assisting in the choir.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (5 November 1835), 2 

An entertainment of a novel description is advertised by Mrs. Taylor, the actress, to be given on the 16th instant, at the Royal Hotel, on which occasion Messrs. Cavendish, Sippe, Stubbs, Clark, and Wilson, have volunteered their musical services. Particulars of the entertainment are to appear in a future Herald.

"NOVELTY IN AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 November 1835), 2 

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (28 December 1835), 3 

Mr. Cavendish, of Pitt-street, has succeeded in constructing a very curious and useful article - a self-exploding gun for giving the meridian time with as much truth as a sun-dial. It consists of a small mortar securely fixed to a block of stone, with a lens above for the purpose of concentrating the sun's rays - the focus of which is reflected upon a long aperture in the gun at 12 o'clock, when it explodes. These constructions, on a much larger scale, are common in Paris, where the exact meridian time is publicly known. Quere. - Would not one of these guns be of much utility to the town's people of Sydney, erected in a central situation? say the Miritary Barracks?


To call up all the TROVE newspaper items tagged William Joseph Cavendish for 1836: 


To call up all the TROVE newspaper items tagged William Joseph Cavendish for 1837: 


To call up all the TROVE newspaper items tagged William Joseph Cavendish for 1838: 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (22 January 1838), 3 

Organ for Sale.
To be Sold by Private Contract,
ORGAN, just imported, and in the best possible condition, containing the following stops, viz --Diapason, Principal, Fifteenth, and Dulciana, with shifting movement to take off the loud stops, and also a general swell. The case is of Spanish mahogany, very handsomely moulded and panelled, with gilt pipes in front. It stands nine feet high, and has altogether a very handsome appearance.
This Instrument was built to the express order of the celebrated Prince Talleyrand. It combines very considerable power with great sweetness of tone, and is admirably adapted for a small Church or Chapel.
To ensure a speedy sale, it will be disposed of on the following liberal terms, namely, for negotiable Bills at three, six, and nine months.
Such an opportunity has never before been presented in this Colony, and it will probably be long ere another Instrument so complete in every respect will be imported. The Instrument is the Property of the importer - can be seen, and all further particulars learnt by enquiry of Mr. Cavendish, King-street; or, Mr. Johnson, Professor of Music, George-street, next the Commercial Bank.

[Advertisement], The Australian (27 November 1838), 3 

NOTICE. THE Public are requested to take Notice, that in consequence of a misunderstanding having taken place between my Partner, Mr. Edward Webb, and myself, the business of the Firm of Edward Webb and Co. is suspended; and that the said Edward Webb is not authorised to make any purchases, or contract debts on account of the said Firm, as I will not be responsible for engagements so entered into. All debts dus to the Firm of Edward Webb and Co. will be received by Mr. D. Jones, to whom parties are referred to settle their accounts now due. W. J. CAVENDISH. Cecil House, King-street, Nov. 26, 1838.

31 January 1838, oratorio, St. Mary's Cathedral, Hyde Park, Sydney

"THE ORATORIA" [sic], The Sydney Herald (5 February 1838), 2 

A grand Musical Festival took place at St. Mary's Church on Wednesday evening last, which was attended by upwards of five hundred persons. The selection of music was from the best authors; and the professionals of Sydney, who gave their assistance gratuitously, mustered strong on the occasion. Mr. Wallace, as usual was the star of the instrumental performers, and was assisted by Mr. W.'s brother, Messrs. Deane, Cavendish, Edwards, Spyer, Josephson, Lane, and the full Band of the 50th regiment. Amongst the female vocalists we observed Miss Wallace, Mrs. Clark, and several of the Choir of the Chapel. In the vocal department of the other sex there was an evident want of tenors and counter-tenors, which were however judiciously supplied by the stringed instruments. From the short notice of the entertainment, we did not think it possible that such an intellectual treat could have been produced. Such was the effect of the performance that the audience could not be restrained from exhibiting their approbation and applause at the termination of every piece. We regret that our limited space will not allow us to enter more into detail, and do individual justice to the performers. We must conclude by saying that it was altogether highly creditable to the musical profession of Australia.

"Supreme Court. - Civil Side. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 15", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 February 1838), 2 

This being the first day of term, executions were ordered to be issued against the following persons for not attending as Jurors when duly summoned: . . . Robert Campbell, tertius, merchant, £5; Thomas Collins, merchant, £5; John Coghill, Esq., £5; Charles Cowper, Esq., £5; James Chisholm, Esq., £5; Edward Cox, Esq., £5; William Clamp, shop-keeper, £2; J. C. Cavendish, dancing master, £2; William Henry Chapman, boat builder, £2; J. B. Campbell, shopkeeper, £2; and J. C. Howe, £2.

17 March 1838, St. Patrick's Ball, Royal Victoria Theatre

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (13 March 1838), 2 

One half of the pit at the Royal Victoria Theatre will be boarded over on the night of the St. Patrick's Ball - the stage, which is 50 feet square, having been found too small to contain the company expected to attend. Upwards of 500 visitors have been invited. Mr. Cavendish will undertake the arrangements for the dancing, and the two bands, of the 50th and 28th regiments will perform during the evening. The Theatre will be brilliantly illuminated with variegated lamps. In fact, no pains have been spared to make the evening's entertainments pass off with the greatest hilarity.

"BIRD-FANCIER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 May 1838), 2 

A miserable old man was placed at the bar of the Police Office on Friday, who had been lying - his senses steeped in forgetfuhtess and grog in Macquarie-Place the previous evening, embracing, apparently, with the most affectionate solicitude, a cage containing a very beautiful specimen of the Paroquet species, which, being claimed by a gentleman named Cavendish, who lives in King-street, was restored to the owner, and the bird fancier was committed to take his trial for having so far committed himself.

"Odd Fellows' Column", The Sydney Monitor (4 May 1838), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (18 June 1838), 3 

RESPECTFULLY announces that he i is now opening a most extensive variety of the newest Music, Vocal and Instrumental, selected with great care by a Gentleman of established talent and taste; he has also received a few Books of Instruction for the Pianoforte, Violin, and Guitar, as well as a case of the finest Roman Strings in the best possible state of preservation.
Cecil House, King street,
June 16, 1838.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (25 June 1838), 3 

MR. CAVENDISH has received thirty splendid Instruments, by Tomkinson [sic, Tomkison], which for richness of tone and delicacy of touch have never been surpassed by any Piano-fortes hitherto imported.
Parties residing in the country, by transmitting their instructions to him in Sydney, will meet with respectful attention.
Cecil House, King-street.

[Advertisement], The Australian (4 September 1838), 3 

PERDATEDOR FURATED on an inaupicious nocturnal hour, subsequent to the day authoritatively devoted to humiliation and penitence, from the faemiliar dome of hyposcriptoratist, a lucophated quadruped of the jumentan order, equestrian genus, feminine gender, in the quindecimal year of existence, and according to equisonic admeasurement, thirteen and a half chirometres, asterically marked in sinciput. Tollutates with facility, furates with agility, in a course conutated is elegantly graceful, and moves in the superlatative degree. Whoever by the ahove inconison, either by procontation, deambulation, perspiculation, gains information of the Nonpariel, and will apport or communicate, idemically to me, shall receive a remuneration adequate to a reward hyperbollically ample,
Cecil House, King street,
September 3, 1838.

[Advertisement], The Australian (21 September 1838), 3 

TO LET, In a Central Situation, A THREE-STALLED STABLE, with a good Loft and Chaise House. Apply to Mr. Cavendish, Cecil House, King-street.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (24 September 1838), 2 

On Tuesday evening, about six o'clock, as an assigned servant of Mr. Bryant, of King-street, was going up the archway leading to his master's premises, he saw a man named Hugh McKenzie, coming out of the wicket gate leading to the kitchen of Mr. Cavendish. He had something concealed under his jacket, and was makihg some observations respecting the servant woman; at this moment, William Penny, the servant of Mr. Cavendish came up, when Mr. Bryant's man told him of the circumstance, saying that he thought all was not right. They followed the man McKenzie into the Golden Fleece, and there found him standing at a table upon which was laying a pair of boots, the property of Mr. CaVendish. They took him into custody, and handed him over to the Police. This man appears to have a remarkable penchant for boots. Some time since, he was sentenced six months to an ironed gang for stealing a pair of boots from the market-place.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (1 October 1838), 2 

Tomkison's Pianofortes.
HAS a few of theese magnificent instruments remaining, which are allowed by all who have heard them to be the most superb and brilliant in quality and tone hitherto imported.
Cecil-house, King-street.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 November 1838), 3 

THE Public are requested to take Notice that in consequence of a misunderstanding having taken place between my Partner, Mr. Edward Webb and myself, the business of the firm of Edward Webb and Co. is SUSPENDED; and that the said Edward Webb is not authorised to make any Purchases, or contract any Debts on account of the said Firm, as I will not be responsible for engagements so entered into.
All Debts due to the Firm of Edward Webb and Co. will be received by Mr. D. Jones, to whom parties are referred to settle their accounts now due.
Cecil House,
King-street, Nov. 26, 1838.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 December 1838), 3 

NOTICE. IN consequence of an advertisement on the 26th ultimo, signed W. J. Cavendish, stating that "All debts due to the firm of Edward Webb & Co., will be received by Mr. D. Jones." All Persons indebted to the firm of Edward Webb & Co. are hereby cautioned against paying their accounts to Mr. D.Jones, who has not been authorised by me to receive any money on account of the firm, and whose receipt will not be held valid.
EDWARD WEBB, Elizabeth-street, corner of King-street,
Sydney, Dec. 26, 1838.

By December 1838, formation of the Cecilian Society

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (14 December 1838), 2 

We understand that several gentlemen, both amateur and professional, have found [sic] themselves into a musical society, called the Australian Cecilian Society, and meet every Wednesday evening at Mr. Cavendish's, King-street. Amateurs have now an oppoituiuty of enjoving a rational evening by their becoming members.

"Musical Society", The Australian (29 December 1838), 2 

Most of the Professors, and a number of Amateurs, have formed themselves into a society for the encouragement of this science, and part of their arrangements consist in having periodical concerts, which will be supported by the Society generally. The Society is divided into three classes, the first consisting of Professors, bv whose talent the other classes will benefit, and consequently they are exempted from contributions to the fund. The second class, which is to consist of professional amateurs who will receive mutual instruction, and rational amusement, contribute a small monthly sum to the fund for providing music, lights, &c.; and the third class, consisting of those not being performers themselves, but who are fond of music, will also contribute a small sum to the funds, the principal support of which will be drawn from periodical concerts at which all the members being so disposed will assist. The society has been named the Cecilian Society, and has already upwards of an hundred members enrolled. The direction of the meetings, which will take place every Wednesday evening, has been entrusted to Mr. J. P. Deane, who, from his acknowledged talent and gentlemanly deportment, will do justice to the society. At present, the musical strength of the society, including amateurs of great proficiency, is upwards of sixty. The performances are regulated with judgment and order, and the weekly meetings form a delightful concert in themselves. Mr. Cavendish, who has always been foremost to promote the interests of the profession, has given his room for the occasion, but as the list increases rapidly, future meetings will be held in the school room of the old court-house, Castlereagh-street, which has been kindly lent for the occasion.


To call up all the TROVE newspaper items tagged William Joseph Cavendish for 1839: 

"MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT", The Sydney Herald (28 January 1839), 2 

-On Saturday Mr. Cavendish, of King-street, accompanied by his sister, Miss Cavendish, two persons named Duvachelle and Lennon, two boatmen and a servant, embarked in a large sailing boat for the purpose of proceeding to Middle Harbour, to inspect some land that Mr. Cavendish was about purchasing; in Chowder Bay a puff of wind caught the boat while she was going about and she capsized, when Mr. and Miss Cavendish were drowned. The two boatmen, being expert swimmers, reached the shore, and the other parties saved themselves by clinging to the bottom of the boat; Mr. Cavendish was an expert swimmer, but was drowned in endeavouring to save his sister - the last words he uttered being "don't be afraid Mary dear, I'll hold you up." Mr. Green's sailing boat, which was contesting with the first class boats, was the first that discovered them, and Mr. G., after picking up the bodies, made the best of his way to Sydney, where Mr. Surgeon Neilson was sent for but without avail, life being quite extinct. An inquest was held yesterday, when the above facts were proved, and a verdict of accidental death returned.

ASSOCIATIONS: George Green (1810-1872) sailor, boatbuilder

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (28 January 1839), 2 

The inquest was held at Cecil House, King-street, the residence of the deceased Mr. Cavendish, and Miss Mary Cavendish, his sister, who came to their death the day previously, under the following melancholy circumstances: - It appeared that the two deceased, accompanied by Messrs. Lennon and Duvanchelle, the house-servant and two boatmen, proceeded in a boat to the North Shore, for the purpose of viewing some land. Just as they had reached the entrance of Chawdor Bay, on this side of Bradley's Head, the boat in going about, was capsized by a sudden gust of wind. Mr. Cavendish and his sister being seated on the leeward side were the first propelled into the water. The two boatmen followed but immediately swam ashore. Mr. Lennon, Mr. Duvanchelle, and the house servant, succeeded in scrambling upon the keel of the boat, and called for assistance. Mr. Cavendish was seen endeavouring to support his sister, and which he was enabled to do so long after she had become apparently insensible, her head being under water. The last words he was heard to say were, "Never mind Mary, I have hold of you." Shortly afterwards they became separated, it is supposed from the exhaustion of Mr. C. Mr Lennon although an indifferent swimmer had previously left the keel of the boat and attempted to save the young lady, but she laid hold of his clothes and encumbered him so much by her weight that he was compelled to extricate himself for his own safety. One of the contending boats (the Haydee) first came near, and then bore off, owing to the crew lying down so close that they were not aware of the catastrophe. After ten minutes or a quarter of an hour had elapsed, Mr. Green's boat (the Queen Victoria) came to their assistance, and being directed by the gentleman clinging to the keel to the situation of the deceased, proceeded to take up the bodies, and forthwith bent their course for Sydney. Messengers were dispatched for medical aid, and Mr. Neilson arriving first tried the usual remedies, but failed to produce reanimation, although the bodies were warm. Mr. Cavendish was an excellent swimmer, and could have saved himself had he not had the care of his sister. Several boats were to the leeward, and it is singular they did not hear, as her shrieks were incessent while she had life; but so it was, none came to her assistance. Some people fishing near Bradley's Head in Mr. Hawser's boat, observing the accident, pulled round from Braudley's Head to the survivors on the keel and took them ashore. Mr. Lennon is of opinion, that had the bodies been conveyed, when taken out of the water, to Mr. Kell's house in Chowder Bay, instead of being taken to Sydney, and the means prescribed for recovering drowned persons been used, the lives of the deceased might have been recovered. The jury, on the certiticates of Mr. Neilson, Surgeon, returned a verdict of accidental death.

"THE ANNIVERSARY REGATTA", The Australian (29 January 1839), 2

Last Saturday being the fifty-first anniversary of the foundation of the Colony, the harbour early in the day presented a scene of bustle and activity, indicative of the preparations that were being made for the ensuing races . . .

We are sorry that there was one fatal accident which contributed to throw a degree of gloom upon the days amusement. This was the drowning of Mr. Cavendish and his Sister, whose boat was upset near Bradley's head. An account of this lamentable occurrence will be found in another column. Another accident happened, but we are happy to say that it was not attended by any fatal catastrophe. This was caused by the Revenue Cutter running down a party in a sailing boat . . .

"MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (29 January 1839), 2

The following distressing circumstance, of itself sufficient to throw a cloud over the amusements of the day, occurred on Saturday during the Regatta. On the morning of that day about nine o'clock, a party consisting of Mr. Cavendish, of King-street, his sister, Miss Mary Cavendish, Mr. Duvanchelle, a French gentleman, a Mr. Leonard, William Williams, an assigned servant to Mr. Cavendish, and two hired boatmen, left the Government Jetty in a sailing boat, the property of Mr. J. T. Wilson, for the purpose of visiting some land at Middle Harbour. The party had rounded Bradley's Head, and were opposite Chowder Bay, where, while in the act of going about, a sudden puff of wind from the shore caught the sheet, capsized the boat, and all in her were immersed in the water. The two boatmen, being good swimmers, succeeded in reaching the shore; Messrs. Duvanchelle, Leonard, and the assigned servant contrived to save themselves by clinging to the bottom of the boat, but Mr. Cavendish and his sister were drowned. Mr. C. is reported to have been an expert swimmer, and could therefore have easily saved himself, but he lost his life in endeavouring to rescue his sister. He was seen to make towards her as she floated away, and the last words which he was heard to utter, were "Mary dear, don't be afraid - I'll hold you up." His efforts to save his sister were unavailing, and he lost his own life in the attempt. Shortly after the accident, the boats of the first class match passed the spot, at some little distance, and Mr. Green's boat, The Queen Victoria, was the first to notice the situation of the party and hasten to their relief. The persons on the boat begged Mr. Green to leave them, and to look for the bodies of the deceased, which were found at a little distance floating near each other; Mr. Green made the best of his way back to Sydney, where he arrived shortly before three, (the accident is reported to have occurred about two o'clock.) On the bodies being brought ashore at Mr. Anderson's wharf, Macquarie-place, there appeared to be some remains of warmth about the person of Mr. Cavendish, in consequence of which Dr. Neilson was sent for, who immediately attended, and attempted, by means of inflation of the lungs and other remedies, to restore animation, but without effect. The recovery of Miss Cavendish was at once seen to be hopeless. The three survivors left on the boat, were shortly afterwards relieved from their perilous situation, by a boat belonging to Mr. Horsey of the North Shore. On Sunday morning at nine o'clock, an inquest was held on the bodies at their residence in King-street, and the above facts having been proved in evidence, the Jury returned a verdict of - Accidentally Drowned.

"MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT", The Colonist (30 January 1839), 3

A deep gloom was cast over the rejoicings on the day of the anniversary of the founding of the colony, by the melancholy intelligence received in Sydney during the afternoon, of the upsetting of a boat, and the consequent death, by drowning, of two persons, Mr. and Miss Cavendish, of Cecil House, King-street. From the evidence given at the inquest we glean the following particulars regarding this melancholy catastrophe. Mr. Cavendish had taken advantage of the holiday to proceed down the harbour to visit some land he had recently purchased on the North Shore, and accompanied by his sister, Mr. Duvauchelle, a French gentleman, a Mr. Leonard, an assigned servant, named Williams, and two hired boatmen, left the Cove between eleven and twelve o'clock, in a boat belonging to Mr. J. T. Wilson. After rounding Bradley's Head, off Chowder Bay, while in the act of putting about a sudden gust of wind caught the sail, capsized the boat, and immersed the whole party in the water. The two boatmen being excellent swimmers made for the shore which they reached in safety; Messrs. Duvauchelle and Leonard, and the assigned servant, Williams, clung to the boat and thus saved themselves. Mr. and Miss Cavendish each rose to the surface at a little distance from the boat, and the former being an excellent swimmer could easily have saved himself had not affection for his sister prompted him to swim to her assistance. Mr. Leonard also swam to Miss Cavendish to afford her assistance, but being but an indifferent swimmer, he was drawn under water by her weight, and compelled to release himself from her grasp as the only alternative for the safety of his own life that remained. On regaining the boat, Mr. Leonard saw that Mr. Cavendish had got hold of his sister who was now completely exhausted, and heard him encouraging her with the expression "never mind, Mary, I have got hold of you." Before any assistance arrived Mr. Cavendish too had become exhausted and had relinquished his grasp. At this time the Regatta first-class sailing-boats had made their appearance round Bradley's Head, and the survivors used every exertion to attract the notice of the persons on board. With the first boat, the Haidee, belonging to Mr. Thornton, their exertions were of no avail, but with the second, the Queen Victoria the property of Mr. Green, they were more successful. Mr. Green, although the second in the race, and standing a fair chance of comining in first, much to his credit as soon as he perceived the perilous situation of the parties on the boat, although unaware of the sad catastrophe that actually occurred, instantly abandoned the race, put about his boat and came to the assistance of the sufferers. On his approach the bodies of Mr. and Miss Cavendish, then floating lifeless on the water were pointed out to him; he immediately picked them up and made all sail to Sydney to procure medical assistance. Even after the bodies had arrived in Sydney some remains of warmth were still perceptible in the body of Mr. Cavendish, but life had long fled from his sister. Dr. Neilson was immediately summoned to their assistance, and applied all the usual means to restore animation, but in vain. It seems probable, that had the bodies in the first instance, been conveyed into Chowder Bay, instead of being brought up to Sydney, life might have been restored in the case of Mr. Cavendish; but, considering the difficulty of procuring assistance there, it remains doubtful whether the course adopted was not the best that could have been resorted to under the circumstances. The survivors were released from their perilous situation by some persons who had been fishing in a boat belonging to Mr. Horsey of the North Shore. We would fain hope that the stewards of the regatta will take care that Mr. Green is no loser by his humanity.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (30 January 1839), 2

The remains of the late Mr. and Miss Cavendish, whose untimely death are noticed in our last, were interred on Monday evening. They were followed to the grave by a numerous assembly of respectable friends.

Letter from F. C. Waldron, Wollongong, NSW, 30 January 1839, to J. Edye Manning, Supreme Court, Sydney; Papers of the intestate estate of William Joseph Cavendish; State Archives of New South Wales, 6/26823, item 203

Mount St. Thomas, Wollongong
January 30th, 1839

[To] J. Manning, Esq.

Having just been made acquainted with the melancholy fate of Mr. Cavendish (so called here) and his sister, it seems to me that I may render some service to his family by communicating to you, what may not perhaps indeed what I believe is not generally known. In the year 1826 owing to some causes (family disagreement, I believe) he quitted London suddenly and secretly, it was his wish to have it believed that he had drowned in the Thames, his hat was picked up in the river & it is possible that his wife and children are under the impression [1v] that he has long since been no more.

These facts were ascertained by my late father, Capt. Waldron late 39th Reg't while residing at St. Servan in France, who found it necessary to make some inquiries respecting him and elicited the foregoing Castell (his real name) came to reside at St. Servan during the residence of my family there in 1826 & established himself there as a professor of music. His occupation in London formerly was in the orchestra of one of the minor Theatres, Sadlers' Wells I think. I have thought it as well to make you acquainted with these [2r] facts as it may afford some clue to the discovery of his wife & family in England, whom I should imagine to be in distressed circumstances - a feeling of delicacy to the unfortunate deceased begs me request that this may be private.

I have the honor to be
Your very Ob't Humble Servant
F. C. Waldron

ASSOCIATIONS: Charles Vaughan Waldron (d. Wollongong, 1834); Francis Charles Waldron (1808-1847)

"Police News", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (1 February 1839), 2 

Ann Cutts, who takes in lodgers, and Margaret Hanks, one of her lodgers, restiding in Phillip Street, were placed at the bar (the former with an infant at her breast) under the following circumstances. Mary Crampfeld, another lodger of Mrs. Cutts, deposed, that about one o'clock on Tuesday she went to Cutt's house, and took her box there. The next morning she wenr with Mrs. Cutts to see the funeral of Mr. and Miss Cavendish. When she returned her box had been broken into, and part of the contents were gone. (Here the witness, an intelligent woman, gave an account which lasted about three quarters of an hour, to which Mr. Windeyer listened with exemplary patience.) The materials of a black silk cloak, valued at five guineas, the principal articles were charged against the pilsoners. She said she had always been in the habit of going to Mrs Cutts' when out of a situation. She had left articles of value there before, and always found them correct until Mrs Hanks came to lodge in the house. Remanded.

ASSOCIATIONS: Richard Windeyer (barrister, also musical amateur, and foundation member of the Cecilian Society)

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (1 February 1839), 2 

We understand that the lamented death of Mr. Cavendish has been the ocasion of the introduction to many respectable families of M. E. C. Greene, in his profession of dancing master, and that his abilities and manners give general satisfection. M. Greene brought to Van Diemen's Land testimonials from officers in the French army, in which, as was the case with most of the French youth, he served a number of years. From Van Diemen's Land, he brought to Sydney satisfactory documents as to his conduct and professional services there, and which, though acceptable in Hobart Town, were not, owing to competition, sufficiently extensive to warrant his remaining, especially as the superior prosperity and population of Sydney promised him a higher remuneration.

ASSOCIATIONS: Emanuel Charles Green

[Advertisement], The Australian (7 February 1839), 3 

In the Estate of the late W. J. Cavendish, Deceased. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, By J. T. Wilson, On SATURDAY next, the 9th instant, at his extensive Rooms, 74 1/2 George-street, by order of tbe Registrar of the Supreme Court, J. K. Manning, Esq..

ONE Dark Bay Horse, with black points, rising a years old, stands about 15 1/2/ hands high, and is a first-rate Saddle, Harness or Draught Horse.

One Chestnut Horse, 15 1/2 hands high, 6 years old, has been thoroughly handled either to Saddle, Harness or Draught.

One Gig with Harness and Tandem Harness complete, the whole in a perfect state of repair, and well worthy tbe attention of Gents generally. Terms Cash.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (11 February 1839), 5 

Carriages. &c. TO BE SOLD BY AUCTION, BY J. T. WILSON, At his Rooms, immediately after the sale of the Gig; and Horses of the late Mr. Cavendish, ONE Splendid PHAETON and HARNESS, painted green, patent axle. One poney Stanhope, patent axle, drab lined. One Dennet, richly lined, patent axle, of the finest possible make. One four-wheeled Carriage, a little used. AND AT THE SAME TIME, A quantity of genuine Household Furniture. Terms at Sale.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (22 February 1839), 3 

In the Estate of the late W. J. Cavendish, deceased. By order of the Registrar, of the Supreme Court, J. E. Manning, Esq. J. T. WILSON Announces that he has been honored with Instructions from the Registrar of the Supreme Court of New South Wales, to Sell by Public Auction, and without the least reservation, on SATURDAY, 2nd day of March, 1839, on the Premises, Cecil House, King-street, at half-past 10 for 11 o'clock. THE undermentioned First-rate Household Furniture, Silver Plate and Plated Ware, Glass and Glass Ware.

Room No. 1 contains: Sofa; 9 Chairs; 2 Tables and Sideboards; Tea Trays; 2 pair Silver-mounted Plated Candlesticks; 1 [silver-mounted] Cruett Stand; Shells, Chimney Ornaments; Tumblers and Wine Glasses; Decanters, Butter Bowl and Plate; 1 Metal Sugar Bowl; Carpets; India Matting; Parasols; Toast Rack; Glass Bowl; 1 Bronze Tea Urn; 1 Timepiece in Glass Case; 1 Globe Lamp; 1 Tea Tray; 2 [Tea trays]; 1 Picture

Room No. 2: Silver Tea Spoons: Dishes and Soup Plates; Table Covers; Glass Pickle Dishes; Lamp shades; Cruet stands and Cruets; Fender and Fire Irons; Silver Salt and dessert Spoons.

Room No. 3: Kitchen Chairs, Cane Bottomed [chairs], Couches, Tables, Stretchers, Lamps, Guitars, and Violins.

Room No. 4: Mattrasses, Chairs, Pillow Cases, Blankets, Counterpanes, Wash-hand Stands, &c. complete, Boxes, Violin, and Piano Strings. A quantity of Books and Music, Writing Paper and Dressing Glasses, &c., &c., &c.

Nos. 5, 6, and 7, contain a great variety of sundries, by far too numerous for insertion in an advertisement. TERMS - CASH.

Sale at auction of goods from the estate of the late W. J. Cavendish, 2 March 1839; Papers of the intestate estate of William Joseph Cavendish; State Archives of New South Wales, 6/26823, item 203

Account [of] Sales of the undermentioned Goods sold by Auction on the 2nd March 1839 by J. T. Wilson, by Order of the Registrar of the Supreme Court, on Account of the Estate of the late W. J. Cavendish

12 Cane bottom'd Chairs, @ 8/6 - 5 / 2/ 0
1 table - 1 / 17 / 6
. . . .
[bottom of page 1]
. . . .
1 Sofa - 4 / 8 / 0
1 Double Bass Viol in Case - 25 / 0 / 0
1 Violin and Case - 5 / 0 / 0
1 Guitar - 3 / 3 / 0
. . . .
[middle of page 2]
A Lot of Music - 3 / 0 / 0
70 Books, @ 1/9 - 6 / 2 / 6
. . . .
[page 4]
[SUB-TOTAL] £ 314 / 3 / 2
[minus 5% sale commission and expenses] 21 / 11 / 2
Nett Proceeds £ 292 / 12 / 0

Inventory of songs and music unsold, from the estate of the late W. J. Cavendish; undated [after March 1839 auction sale]

Particulars of Songs & Music Unsold A/c of the estate of the late W. J. Cavendish

Particulars of Songs & Music Unsold
- - -
- - -
178 Sea songs, @ /6 - 4 / 9 / 0
12 Days gone by, 2/ - 1 / 4 / 0
1 Daughter's Song, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Dost thou love me Sister Ruth, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Dublin Cries, 2/ 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Death of Mary, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 The Dreams of early years, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Draw Soldier, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
11 Deck not with Gems, [2/ ] - 1 / 2 / 0
11 Time is on the Wing, [2/ ] - 1 / 2 / 0
10 Tho! The heart, [2/ ] - 1 / 0 / 0
9 Tis our last Night, [2/ ] - 0 / 18 / 0
2 Troubadour Songs, [2/ ] - 0 / 4 / 0
1 Tyrolese Even'g Hymn, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 They tell me, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 The Thames, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 True Blue & Old England, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 To distant Clime, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
3 With Verdure Clad, [2/ ] - 0 / 6 / 0
6 Woman, 2/6 - 0 / 15 / 0
8 We Met, 2/ - 0 / 16 / 0
11 When Time hath bereft, 2/ - 1 / 2 / 0
12 We ne'er shall meet , 1/6 - 0 / 18 / 0
1 Within those Hallow'd, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 When the dew, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 The Wanderer, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [The] Warrior's home, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
- - -
Continued [PAGE TOTAL] £ 15.8.0

[page] 2 Continued £ 15 / 8 / 0
- - -
1 We parted, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Wake Maiden, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 What woke the bussied [busied] Sound, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 The willow, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 When shall we three meet again, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Vital Spark, 1/ - 0 / 1 / 0
5 The Veteran, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 I would be a soldier, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
2 Vesper bell, [2/ ] - 0 / 4 / 0
4 Victorine, [2/ ] - 0 / 8 / 0
2 L'Indecisione, 1/6 - 0 / 3 / 0
2 Corsair bride, 2/ - 0 / 4 / 0
7 Child of the earth, [2/ ] - 0 / 14 / 0
1 Chimes of Zurich, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Come to the old, 2/6 - 0 / 2 / 6
1 [Come] where the splendid, [2/6] - 0 / 2 / 6
1 The chore is hurt'd [?], 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
4 Come dwell with me, [2/ ] - 0 / 8 / 0
7 By gone hours, [2/ ] - 0 / 14 / 0
1 The Land which fill [?], 2/6 - 0 / 2 / 6
7 Banners of blue, 2/ - 0 / 14 / 0
6 Bonnie Scotland, 2/ - 0 / 12 / 0
1 Bed of Heath, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
2 Burrial in the [?], [2/ ] - 0 / 4 / 0
1 Bell at sea, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 By the waters of [?], [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Mrs. D, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
14 Best of all good company, [2/6] - 1 / 15 / 0
12 Breaking of the day, [2/ ] - 1 / 4 / 0
10 Brave old oak, [2/ ] - 1 / 0 / 0
10 British oak, [2/ ] - 1 / 0 / 0
- - -
Continued [subtotal] £ 26.14.6

[Page] 3 Continued £ 26.14.6
- - -
3 Bard of Judah, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
2 Air [Ave] Sanctissima, [2/ ] - 0 / 4 / 0
4 Alice Grey, [2/ ] - 0 / 8 / 0
1 As the bark, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 AEolian Harp, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
3 Adesti fedalle [Adeste fidelis], 1/ - 0 / 3 / 0
2 Angels ever, [1/ ] 0 / 2 / 0
7 The auld wife, 2/6 - 0 / 17 / 6
9 All's well, 2/6 - 1 / 2 / 6
4 Auld Robin Grey, 1/ - 0 / 4 / 0
1 Alpine horn, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
11 Angel of life, 3/ - 1 / 13 / 0
5 Auld land syne, 1/ - 0 / 5 / 0
1 Origin setting of Man [sic], 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 The Ships of merry England, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [The] Fairy, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
3 [The] Minstrel Harp, [2/ ] - 0 / 6 / 0
1 [The] Last wish, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [The] Highland Message, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [The] Mountaineer's Return, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [The] Mountain Guide, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 No sigh of woman's, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 The faded wreath, [2/6] - 0 / 2 / 6
1 [The] Roman Girl, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
3 Lett every great [?], 1/6 - 0 / 4 / 6
3 Lord of all power, 1/ - 0 / 3 / 0
1 There's one heart, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 The morn was gay, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Though the Rose, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 They bade me sing, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 The Summer is coming, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [The] Exile's farewell, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
- - -
Continued [subtotal] £ 34.11.6

[Page] 4 Continued £ 34.11.6
- - -
1 The Greek bride's farewell, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 This odina [?] green, 2/6 - 0 / 2 / 6
1 The manly Heart, 1/6 - 0 / 1 / 6
1 The even'g Scene, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
2 Meeting [? of the] Waters, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Great King in me believe, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [Grat'ful ? an hymn], 1/6 - 0 / 1 / 6
1 Let's take this world, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Minute gun at sea, 1/6 - 0 / 1 / 6
1 Sweet peace, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Second bright [?], [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Sweet melody, , [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Rely not on beauty, , 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 No music's tuneful, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Joy's bright fortune, 2/6 - 0 / 2 / 6
1 I remember, I remember, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 I've wandered in dreams, 2/6 - 0 / 2 / 6
1 Fare thee well, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Farewell, 1/6 - 0 / 1 / 6
1 Ambition's glorious dream, 2/6 - 0 / 2 / 6
1 Never till now I knew, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Will go come, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 My Childhood hours, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [My] Mountain home, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Moonlight, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Have you left the Greenwood, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Her last words, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 O'er shepherd pipe, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
1 Oh! think what Joy, 2/6 - 0 / 2 / 6
1 Ocean thou mighty monster, 3/6 - 0 / 3 / 6
1 Oh! ne'er was fondness, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
- - -
Continued [subtotal] £ 38.2.6

[Page] 5 Continued £ 38.2.6
- - -
1 Of that e'en for me have sigh'd, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Say not that hope ever died, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Oh! life has gleaned [?], [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [Oh!] how those bells, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [Oh!] believe not the tears, [2/ ] - 0 / 2 / 0
1 Old England, 1/6 - 0 / 1 / 6
1 Oh when do I wish, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
1 [Oh] Devina Agnese, 1/6 - 0 / 1 / 6
9 Sabbath belles [sic], 2/ - 0 / 18 / 0
2 She was the fairest, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
7 She wore a wreath of roses, [2/ ] - 0 / 14 / 0
7 Sol fa Duet, 2/6 - 0 / 17 / 6
6 Return of the Admiral, 3/ - 0 / 18 / 0
6 Roland the brave, 2/ - 0 / 12 / 0
10 She was the fairest, [2/ ] - 1 / 0 / 0
11 Night at sea, [2/ ] - 1 / 2 / 0
13 Old Times, [2/ ] - 1 / 6 / 0
9 On the banks of the Rine [Rhine], [2/ ] - 0 / 18 / 0
7 The pilot, [2/ ] - 0 / 14 / 0
13 Village Church, [2/ ] - 1 / 6 / 0
5 Pretty Mary, [2/ ] - 0 / 10 / 0
7 Remember I forgive thee [2/ ] - 0 / 14 / 0
6 Old English Gentl'n, [2/ ] - 0 / 12 / 0
3 Orphan Girl, [2/ ] - 0 / 6 / 0
3 The Sea, 3/ - 0 / 9 / 0
5 Or che in cielo, 2/6 - 0 / 12 / 6
7 Infant's prayer, 2/ - 0 / 14 / 0
10 Life Boat, 3/ - 1 / 10 / 0
6 The last shilling, 1/ - 0 / 6 / 0
12 Hassan the brave, 2/6 - 1 / 10 / 0
10 Go foregt me, 2/ - 1 / 0 / 0
5 Green Hills of Erin, 2/ - 0 / 10 / 0
- - -
Continued [subtotal] £ 58.0.6

[Page 6] Continued £ 58.0.6
- - -
4 Remember me, 2/ - 0 / 8 / 0
3 Martin Luther's Hymn, 1/ - 0 / 3 / 0
2 O Lord our Governor, 2/ - 0 / 4 / 0
3 Masaniello, 2/ - 0 / 6 / 0
5 O peaceful lake, [2/ ] - 0 / 10 / 0
5 Message Bird, [2/ ] - 0 / 10 / 0
5 Mid scenes of early youth, [2/ ] - 0 / 10 / 0
7 Flow Gentle Deva [?], 2/6 - 0 / 17 / 6
3 The Land, [2/6] - 0 / 7 / 6
11 My Heart in the Highlands, 3/ - 1 / 13 / 0
6 Last Man, 2/6 - 0 / 15 / 0
2 Friar of St. Dunstan, 2/ - 0 / 4 / 0
2 Pirate Crew, 2/6 - 0 / 5 / 0
2 Peace of the Valley, 2/ - 0 / 4 / 0
2 O Nanny wilt thou gang [?], [2/ ] - 0 / 4 / 0
1 Qui la voce, 2/6 - 0 / 2 / 6
5 I go where the aspens quiver, 2/ - 0 / 10 / 0
2 When crowned with summer Roses, 2/ - 0 / 4 / 0
2 God Save the Queen, 1/6 - 0 / 3 / 0
- - -
Flute, Piano Forte & Violin Music
- - -
2 Fantasias, 3/6 - 0 / 7 / 0
1 Select Air[s] Op@ Grey, 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
2 [Select Airs Opera] Fair Rosamund, [5/ ] - 0 / 5 / 0
2 Favourite [Airs Opera] Il Puritanin [sic], [5/ ] - 0 / 5 / 0
2 [Favourite Airs Opera] Siege of Rochelle, [5/ ] - 0 / 5 / 0
2 [Favourite Airs Opera] Maid of Artois, [5/ ] - 0 / 5 / 0
1 [Favourite Airs Opera] Bettey [?], 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
7 Beethoven's Grand Symphonies, 8/ - 2 / 16 / 0
6 Mozart's [Grand Symphonies], 6/ - 1 / 16 / 0
9 Clare's Psalmody, 3/ - 1 / 7 / 0
- - -
Continued [subtotal] £ 73.15.0

[Page 7] Continued £ 73.15.0
23 Flute preceptors, 2/ - 2 / 6 / 0
6 Sets Duets by Viotti, 8/ - 2 / 8 / 0
24 The beauties of the Opera, 2/ - 2 / 8 / 0
17 Violin preceptors, 2/ - 1 / 14 / 0
1 piece " " [?], 1/ - 0 / 1 / 0
2 " " ", 1/6 - 0 / 3 / 0
4 " " ", 2/ - 0 / 8 / 0
16 " " ", 2/6 - 2 / 0 / 0
47 " " ", 3/ - 7 / 1 / 0
10 " " ", 3/6 - 1 / 15 / 0
60 " " ", 4/ - 12 / 0 / 0
11 " " ", 5/ - 2 / 15 / 0
5 " " ", 6/ - 1 / 10 / 0
1 " " ", 7/ - 0 / 7 / 0
1 " " ", 7/6 - 0 / 7 / 6
1 " " ", 8/ - 0 / 8 / 0
3 " " ", 9/ - 1 / 7 / 0
- - -
Violin & Piano Forte Strings about 20 / 0 / 0
- - -
[subtotal] £ 133.9.6

Willis McIntyre's Music
2 pieces, 1/6 - 0 / 3 / 0
15 [pieces], 2/ - 1 / 10 / 0
1 [piece], 2/6 - 0 / 2 / 6
1 [piece], 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
1 [piece], 3/6 - 0 / 3 / 6
1 [piece], 4/ - 0 / 4 / 0
1 [piece], 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
7 [piece], 6/ - 2 / 2 / 0
1 Exercise book, - 0 / 14 / 0
[subtotal] 5.7.0
- - -
[Grand total] £ 138.16.6

Another list, casual hand, with the above

Peck's Music / Peck's Music

Many entries illegible; appears to be a rough draft most of which also listed above, one notable exception being:

12 [copied] Jim Crow, [each] 1/6

"CECILIAN AMATEUR SOCIETY", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (16 March 1839), 2 

On Wednesday evening last we were highly gratified at the performance of this infant Musical Society, at the Old Court-house. It will be recollected that some time ago mention was made in most of the Sydney journals of note that certain members of the Mechanics' School of Arts wished to form themselves into a music class, for which the theatre was to have been allowed by the acting committee one night per week, for practising and improvement in this delightful art; but in consequence of a want of unity, and some misunderstanding, and a measure of interference by discordant and would-be oratorical gentlemen of the school, it was finally decided to form the above society, which, about four months ago, commenced practising at the house of the late lamented Mr. Cavendish, in King-street; and hence its name, "Cecilian" Amateur Society. On Wednesday the playing members, about twenty in number, and others who subscribe towards the funds of the society, invited their friends to the first concert, which took place as above. The visitors were presented with a neatly lithographed programme of the evening's performances, on their entrance, printed gratis by our enterprising townsman and neighbour, Mr. Barlow, engraver, &c.; by which the company were enabled to anticipate each separate performance as they were dished up. The first overture (Wilhelm Tell) by the whole company, was played with spirit and surprising correctness, as were nearly all the pieces, for a company or society so lately knit together; and no doubt it would even have been improved by the assistance of two or three others who came late to the scene of action. Next followed a glee (The Witches), which was well sung, but hardly loud enough for the Old Court house. Besides, the piano-forte was placed in an awkward position to give the proper effect and assistance to the singers. The song "Spirit of the Storm" was pleasingly executed, but the voice was partly destroyed by the position of the instrument. The Flute Solo we liked exceedingly well at the first (Hope told a flattering Tale), but the latter part of up-and-down the gamut is only pleasing to practical musicians, still the execution was grand and surprising. Besides these, three other glees ("The Wreath," "Willie brew'd a peck o' maut," and "The Red Cross Knight") were sung in a manner certainly not inferior to those at the seven-and-sixpenny concerts, as well as two songs ("The Britannia," and "The Land"), a quartette (by Beethoven), and two overtures ("Gazza Ladra" and "Otello"), the latter of which was more than we could have supposed to have been in the compass of so young a society, and with so few instruments. The company broke up at about ten o'clock, while the amateurs were playing, by way of a finale, the National Anthem (God save the Queen), in which some joined their voices, making the performance still more effective.


"ECCLESIASTICAL JURISDICTION", New South Wales Government Gazette (1 May 1839), 526 

In the Supreme Court of New South Wales . . . NOTICE TO CREDITORS. IN THE GOODS OF William Joseph Cavendish, of Sydney . . . PURSUANT to the Rule of this Honorable Court, the Creditors of the above-named deceased Persons are, on or before Saturday, the 29th day of June next, to come in and prove their debts before John Edye Manning, Esq. . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (5 June 1839), 5 

MR. T. S. HALL, Surgical and Mechanical Dentist . . . has REMOVED to those well-known Premises - formerly occupied by the late Mr. Cavendish - immediately over the UNION BANK . . .

Sale of printed music &c. from the estate of W. J. Cavendish, deceased, 6-10 June 1839, to John Philip Deane, and D. Poole; Papers of the intestate estate of William Joseph Cavendish; State Archives of New South Wales, 6/26823, item 203

Printed Music claimed by Mr. Deane from
the Estate of W. J. Cavendish, deceased.
Delivered to Mr. Deane, June 6th 1839
Supr'e Court Sydney
The favorite Airs by Rossini, 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
Beauties of the Opera, Violin, Mori, 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
Reminiscences of Oberon, Moschelles, 4/ - 0 / 4 / 0
Divertissement by Hünten, 4/ - 0 / 4 / 0
Les Aimables, Three Duets [by Hünten,], 4/ - 0 / 4 / 0
Gems de Paganini, 24, Mori, 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
Gems a la Pisaroni & Donzelle, [Mori], 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
Select Airs from "Norma", Opera, 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
Beauties of Sola, 4/ - 0 / 4 / 0
Mayseder’s Variations of a German Air, 4/ - 0 / 4 / 0
Twenty second Fantasia, By Weiss, 4/ - 0 / 4 / 0
The Beauties of Tulou, 4/ - 0 / 4 / 0
Selection of Mayseder's, 4/ - 0 / 4 / 0
Six Duets for two Flutes, Kuhlau, 8/ - 0 / 8 / 0
[Six Duets for two Flutes, Kuhlau], 8/ - 0 / 8 / 0
Three Favorite Trios by Clarke, 8/ - 0 / 8 / 0
Six Duet, 2 Flutes, by Berbiguice [sic, Berbiguier], 6/ - 0 / 6 / 0
Selection of Airs from Der Freischutz, Mori, 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
The Admired Airs [? from Der Freischutz], by [Mori], 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
Three Duets, 2 Flutes, by Gabrielsky, 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
Tyrolese Melodies sung by Rainer Family, 5/ - 0 / 5 / 0
Les Oiseaux Quadrilles, Dos Santos, 3/6 - 0 / 3 / 6
Select Airs from Opera "Marino Faliero", 4/ - 0 / 4 / 0
Weippert’s Quadrilles, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Dramatic Flowers, by Dressler, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Three Airs for Flute from Winter's Opera by Dressler, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
over [subtotal] 6 / 3 / 6
- - -
[carried over] - 6 / 3 / 6
Dramatic Flowers by Weiss, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Three Divertimentos by J. Ghys, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Three Capriccios by Bucher, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Three Melodies by Berbiguier, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Beauties of Tulou, No. 6, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
[Beauties of Tolou], No. 2, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Les Aimables, No. 2, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
Vive le Roi, by Pavini, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
La Parisienne, by Diabelli, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
The Violinist, by Mori, 2/6 - 0 / 2 / 6
Rode's Air in G, by Tulou, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Three Cavatinas by Forde, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
[Three Cavatina's by Forde], No. 2, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Beauties of Drouet, No. 7, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Forde's Trios, 5 parts, 3/ each, - 0 / 15 / 0
Gems of Italy, by Bucher, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Viotti's Trios, 8/ - 0 / 8 / 0
[Viotti's] Duets, 8/ - 0 / 8 / 0
[Viotti's Duets], 4 sets, 8/ each - 1 / 12 / 0
Tyrolese Peasants by Knapton, 3/ - 0 / 3 / 0
Weber's Grand Waltz, by Herz, 1/6 quere - 0 / 1 / 6
"The Evening Sun has tinged the Sky", 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
The Greek Bride's Farewell, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
Tyrolese Evening Hymn, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
Troubadour Song, 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
The Violinist, by N. Mori, 6 parts, 2/6 each - Peck's Invo'.
[TOTAL] £ 12.0.6


A List of printed Music selected from the Estate of
W. J. Cavendish, deceased, by Mr. J. P. Deane, and taken by him
in account with the said Estate, at half the Published prices -
Supreme Court, Sydney, June 6th 1839
- - -
The Violinist, 6 copies @ 2/6 - 0 / 15 / 0
The Highland Message - 0 / 2 / 0
The Manly Heart - 0 / 1 / 6
I remember how my Childhood fleeted - 0 / 2/ 0
Farewell, oh Farewell - 0 / 1 / 6
Ambition's Glorious Dream - 0 / 2 / 6
Will you Come - 0 / 2 / 0
My Childhood hours farewell - 0 / 2 / 0
My Mountain Home - 0 / 2 / 0
The Minute Gun at Sea - 0 / 1 / 6
The Meeting of the Waters - 0 / 2 / 0
Great King in me believe - 0 / 2 / 0
[Great King in me believe] - 0 / 2 / 0
National German Hymn - 0 / 1 / 6
Three favorite Airs - 0 / 4 / 0
Reminiscences of England - 0 / 7 / 0
Roland the Brave, 3 copies @ 2/ - 0 / 6 / 0
On the Banks of the Rhine, 3 [copies] @ 2/ - 0 / 6 / 0
Old Times, 2 [copies] @ 2/ - 0 / 4 / 0
Old Times, 1 [copy @ 2/ - 0 / 2 / 0
Night at Sea, 4 [copies] @ 2/ - 0 / 8 / 0
She was the fairest, 3 [copies] @ 2/ - 0 / 6 / 0
Oh Devina Agnese - 0 / 1 / 6
[Sub total] Halved - 4 / 4 / 0
[Total] - 2 / 2 / 0


Estate of W. J. Cavendish d.d.
J. P. Deane's Ac't
£ 32.14.6

To the Executor of the late Mr. Cavendish

Supreme Court Sydney June 10th 1839
The Estate of W. J. Cavendish, deceased in Account with J. P. Deane. Cr.

1838 / To Amount of A/C tendered - £ 32.14.6 / 1839, June 6
3/4 32.14.6
15/- in the £ 24.10.10 1/2

By Printed Music claimed by & delivered to Mr. J. P. Deane - 12 / 0 / 6
By Commission on Music Sold £ 21.14.0 @ 15 p'cent - 3 / 5 / 2
By 12 Bundles Violin Strings @ 12/- - 7 / 4 / 0
By Printed Music selected by & delivered to,
Mr. J. P. Deane at half published price,
and taken by him as a conditional balance of his Account
at the rate of 15/- in the pound sterl'g
- he agreeing to pay or receive any difference which the
winding up of said Estate my require - 2 / 2 / 0
[TOTAL] - £ 24 / 11 / 8
[Signed] John P. Deane
Witness J. E. Smith


Est'e of W. J. Cavendish
C. 10/6
Music sold to D. Poole

Supreme Court, Sydney, 26 June 1839
Estate W. J. Cavendish, d.d.
- - -
4 Pieces Printed Music
Fantasies, "Oberon" - 0 / 4 / 0
Mozart's Overture - 0 / 2 / 6
Overture La Dame Blanche - 0 / 2 / 0
[Overture] Men of Prometheus - 0 / 2 / 0
[TOTAL] £ 0.10.6

Sold to D. Poole Esq.
& Paid for by him
this day

"CECILIAN SOCIETY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 June 1839), 2

This Society had another meeting on Wednesday last, which was well attended. A portrait of the founder, the late Mr. Cavendish, was hung up in the room upon the occasion.

"CECILIAN CONCERT", The Colonist (8 June 1829), 3 

On Wednesday night we accepted of the polite invitation of the Committee of the Cecilian Society, and attended their Concert in the Old Court House. We were both pleased with the performances and arrangements of the evening, and astonished at the number of respectable persons who attended notwithstanding the very disigreeable and boisterous nature of the night. The whole range of the hall was occipied on this occasion; a crimson cord drawn across the room at the first range of pillars from the south end of the room, separated the orchestra from the audience. The hall was well lighted, and the southern wall was ornamented with a portrait of the founder of the Society, the late Mr. Cavendish. The instrumental performers formed a semi-circle round the open space reserved for the orchestra. In the centre stood the players of the first and second violins, and of the grand piano forte. There were altogether some five or six violins, two flutes, two clarionets, one bass violin, and a french horn. The instrumental music consisted of a series of splendid overtures by the first masters, and were admirably performed. There-was a deficiency, however, in the bass department, but we are glad to hear that this was not owing to want either of funds, instruments, or performers, but to the difficulty of procuring the appropriate sets of music for each instrument. That deficiency, it is expected will soon be remedied, and then the Band will be perfect. The vocal performances were also pleasing and chaste. The gentlemen of this department do themselves injustice, by their diffidence and want of energy. This we expect to see rubbed off in the course of an exhibition or two, as the amateurs will be gaining that confidence, which their powers and talents entitle them to assume. The Society and all who attend its concerts are indebted to Mr. Sea, whose polite and courteous attention to visitors, and general exertions for the interests of the Society and the arrangement of its concerts, are particularly appreciated. Our hopes of this interesting Society are still confident and sanguine; and we shall rejoice to see it prosper, beneath the fostering encouragement of the ladies and gentlemen of the higher circles in the metropolis.


"AUSTRALIAN CECILIAN SOCIETY", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (29 June 1839), 2 

The Members of this Society gave their monthly invitation Concert, at the Old Court House, on Wednesday evening last, to a crowded assembly of the respectables of Sydney. The performances were commenced with Rossini's [overture] II Barbiere de Saviglia, by the whole strength of the instruments, which was executed in beautiful style; and considering the difficulties and annoyances with which the Society have been surrounded since the death of their original leader, Mr. Cavendish, it far exceeded our most sanguine expectations. There were besides five glees, five solos, and two choruses sung, a duet on the pianoforte and violin; and the whole concluded with the overture Masaniello. Taking the performances in the whole, we were never better entertained at a public concert; and by so saying, we think we express the feeling of all those who were present. Such societies as these should be encouraged, as they lend more than any other to improve the tone of good feeling in such a community as New South Wales, which until lately has been but a monotonous discord, and a people of dissatisfaction and turmoil, loving nothing beyond the glass and the discordant drunken song.


18 January 1840, auction sale of music from Cavendish's estate

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (17 January 1840), 3 

THE AUSTRALIAN AUCTION COMPANY is instructed by J. E Manning, Esq., Registrar of the Supreme Court, to sell by Public Auction, at the Mart, in George-street, TO-MORROW, the 18th instant, at eleven o'clock, the following Effects belonging to In- testate Estates: -
To the late J. W. Cavendish, a very large assortment of Music, and of Violin, Harp, and Piano Strings . . .

Inventory and auction sale of music, 16-20 January 1840; Papers of the intestate estate of William Joseph Cavendish; State Archives of New South Wales, 6/26823, item 203

Inventory of Printed Music & Violin &c Strings
In the Estate of W. J. Cavendish, d.d.
taken by Order of the Registrar of the Supreme Court
Sydney 16th Jan'y 1840

Estate of W. J. Cavendish, d.d.

Printed Music

[1] Mozart's Grand Symphonies - 6 parts
[2] Beauties of the Opera - 16 parts
[3] Beethoven's Grand Symphonies - 7 parts
[4] Rode's duos - 16 parts
[5] 122 Pieces Music of celebrated Composers - Viz. Overtures,
symphonies, Airs, Fantasies, Trios, Duettos, &c. &c.
[6] [Raphael] Dressler's Elementary works - Flute - 2 parts
[7] Fryer's Exercises - Piano Forte
[8] 650 Popular Songs & Duets, by eminent Composers
[9] 14 Tutors - Violin & Flute
- - -
[10] A Tin Box with
- 20 Dozen Violin Strings - 4ths
- 5 B'dles Violin Strings - 2ds
- 4 Do. Do. do. - 3rds
- 2 Do. Do. Roman - 2nds
- 6 Bundles - Do. Roman - 1sts
- 5 Do, Do. Roman - 3rds
- 11 Violin Strings - mostly 1sts
- 16 Wire Strings - Piano forte
- - -
In round Tin Box
19 Base Viol Strings

[Signed] J. E. Smith

Sydney January 18th 1840
Sold by order of the Registrar of the Supreme Court
By the Australian Action Company
At Auction
Cash / Estate of W. J. Cavendish /
1 Lot Music - 3 / 12 / 6
1 Lot do. Instructions - [0] / 16 / 0
1 Lot Mozart Symphonies - 2 / 10 / 0
Ballads of this day - 2 / 6 / 0
Ballads of this day - 3 / 3/ 0
1 Tin Box Containing Violin Strings - 7 / 15 / 0
[Total] 20 / 2/ 6
5 per cent Commission - 1 / 0 / 2
Prop't'n Advertisement - [0] / 4 / 0 = 1 / 4/ 2
[Net Proceeds] - 18 / 18 / 4

George Street
E. E. Sydney 20th Jan'ry 1840
For the Aust'n Auction Co. . .

1841 and after

"ORATORIO IN THE CATHEDRAL", Freeman's Journal (15 August 1857), 2 

Many years have now elapsed since we were treated to a grand Oratorio. The very phrase "Oratorio in St. Mary's Cathedral," which we see pasted in monster characters about the city, recalls to our minds beloved names which now we seldom hear - Wallace, Bushelle, Rust, Cavendish, &c. An oratorio in our Cathedral was always a great treat. The present one, we feel sure, will be the greatest one. In saying this we do not go on the principle that the last bit is the sweetest; but we feel sure that the list of talented artistes, who have kindly volunteered, or have been engaged, surpasses any that we have hitherto had, or are likely to have for some time. The Prima Donna (Madame Anna Bishop), who was the prime mover in the business, is one of first in the world . . .

Roger Therry, Reminiscences of thirty years' residence in New South Wales and Victoria . . . (London: S. Low, Son, and Co., 1863), 114-16 

. . . To these sketches of the career of convicted persons the successful imposture of an unconvicted person may be not inappropriately added in conclusion.

It has been said, with more smartness than truth in the expression, that the Colony of New South Wales consisted of "persons who had been transported, and those who deserved to be so." That there were some unconvicted persons who might deservedly have shared the fate of transportation, and who made New South Wales an asylum of refuge, may, however, be truly alleged. The case of Devenish (not the real name, but representing a real personage) furnished a curious instance of successful imposture. Devenish was not a convict, yet his career was a strange, mysterious, and guilty one.

This man's story is gleaned partly from personal knowledge of the man, and partly from papers and letters that after his death fell into the hands of the Curator of Intestate Estates in Sydney. Devenish had been the leader of the orchestra at one of the theatres at the Surrey side of London. He was an accomplished musician and an excellent dancing-master. Finding his affairs embarrassed, he resolved to fly the country, leaving his wife and four children to provide for themselves as best they might. The following ingenious plan was adopted to avoid inquiry about himself after his exit from England. Having taken his passage in a chasse-maree that was to sail from Ghravesend for St. Malo on Sunday morning, he appeared in his usual place at the orchestra on the previous Saturday, and was seen there so late as [115] ten at night. On that evening he wore a new hat, inside which his name and address were written in very legible letters. On his way to his home, Devenish had to pass over Waterloo Bridge. In passing over it, he threw his hat over the parapet of the bridge, in order that it might be supposed he had thrown himself over along with it. The stratagem succeeded. The hat was picked up the next morning close to the bridge; the owner was nowhere to be found, the river ineffectually searched, and the supposition prevailed that he was drowned. After remaining some time at St. Malo, where he supported himself by the exercise of his talents, he deemed the place too close to the shores of England, and betook himself to the Isle of France. He might have remained there prosperous and undetected for many years, for he was an adept as a teacher of music and dancing; but he eloped - whether at St. Malo or St. Louis it does not appear from the papers - with the wife of a Captain C-;-, of the French navy. With her he arrived in Sydney in 1832, and passed her off as his sister. For several years he had excellent business as teacher of dancing and music, realizing an average income of from 600l. to 800l. a year.

It is customary to hold a regatta in Sydney Harbour on the 26th of January, the anniversary of the foundation of the Colony, and on that particular day in 1842 [recte 1839] Devenish had hired a boat for the amusement of himself and his soi-disant sister. As the evening advanced, when they were a mile distant from the land, a sudden gale arose and upset the boat. The case was one in which the only hope of safety lay in swimming. The boatman escaped by doing so, and Devenish might have also saved his life, for he was an expert swimmer, but he would not leave his female companion to perish. He [116] was seen from the shore to bear her up bravely for nearly half a mile. At length they sank together and were drowned. The bodies were next day found.

A few days afterwards I happened to pass by the Sydney cemetery as their funeral approached. With the exception of the mutes and other hirelings in attendance, not a single person followed them to the grave. That Devenish behaved well and nobly in risking his own life to save that of his companion must be admitted, but genuine pity should be reserved for the wife whom he had cruelly deserted, and whose letters indicated that she knew of his whereabouts, and the mode of life he was leading, and the deep distress she and her children suffered from his desertion. She was aware it would be unavailing to follow him from England, and from some passages in these letters, it was plain he had told her so.


"NOTES ON MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1863), 2 

SIR, - Passing down Pitt-street the other day, I saw, amid the omnium gatherum of old furniture that is exposed every Monday morning in front of the Labour Bazaar, an old spinnet. You know what I mean - one of those queer little pianofortes that our grandfathers and grandmothers used to be proud of - somewhere about the size of a shoe trunk, and elevated on attenuated legs, no doubt at one time thought the height of elegance. On looking at it, I observed it bore the name of Clementi and Clementi, and the date (they dated pianos then) 1789. It supplied me with a fertile theme for meditation, and on it allow me to hang a few notes on music, that I hope may prove at least as interesting as one of Mr. Dalgleish's speeches. I thought of the pride and happiness of the original purchaser of this venerable instrument, to how many generations it had contributed some amount of pleasure. When did it arrive in the colony? Was it in the last century? Was it the grandfather of all the pianofortes here? What an enormous family it had seen spring up! At one time perhaps it was the only one, and was known to the early settlers as the piano. How many merry toes that have danced to its music are now turned up to the daisies! Did the early music masters give lessons on it? Has it responded to the touch of Cavendish, Horncastle, or Wallace? Did some of the lady singers of the old days, whose memory is now only a tradition in the minds of the first colonists, enchant their admirers with its strains? And is it come to this? I took quite an interest in the venerable old relic, and furnished it with a hundred scenes . . .

But suddenly the romance was knocked out of my head by the sharp and strident voice of the auctioneer. "Now, then, what do you say for the piannar." A rash woman who saw in it a possible side table, but who did not heed the shaky condition of the legs, bid ten shillings, and the lot was at once knocked down to her, and my dreams were dissipated.

But it set me thinking on the condition of music in the colony, and whether the importance of the art was sufficiently recognised. As a corollary to these thoughts, I venture to call your attention to the advertisement just issued by the Philharmonic Society. It surely is not to the credit of the lovers of music in this city, that the oldest society established here for its support, should be in difficulties. Those who have longest resided here, could speak with more distinctness than I can, as to the earlier struggles of the art, but I have heard enthusiastic amateurs recall with delight the performances of Cavendish, of Horncastle, of Mrs. Bushell, and of Vincent Wallace, and I have sometimes wondered what those artists' sensations would be could they now visit us once more, and find an admirable Italian Opera company established and largely, supported, - could they attend the performances of the Philharmonic Society, and find, upwards of a hundred musical amateurs gathered together. And to what are we indebted for these advantages, but to the exertions of some of the members of committee of the Philharmonic Society, who have for ten years past devoted themselves laboriously and disinterestedly to the sustaining of that society . . .

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick William Horncastle (vocalist, composer)

Musical works (with documentation)

The force of sympathy (song)

The force of sympathy, a dream, inspired by the author of Waverly [cover signed: "Castell"] (London: Lavenu, [1823])


"REVIEW OF MUSIC", The Harmonicon (December 1823), 197 

. . . 3. "The force of Sympathy," A DREAM, inspired by the Author of Waverly, and dedicated to LOVE. (Lavenu, 24 Edward street, Manchester Square.) . . .

Without feeling any interest in the account which the author of song, No. 3, has taken the trouble to give of its origin, - (which, by the way, is quite unnecessary, if not exceedingly puerile,) was have been mightily pleased with his melody, which, trifling as it may appear to the lover of canon, bears the impress of something that we are much inclined to call genius. From the faint inscription at the lowest corner of the title-page, we are to conclude that the name of the author - (the "Somniator,") is Castell . . .


Henry and Susan (song)

Henry and Susan," composed by W. I. CASTELL, (published by the same.)


"REVIEW OF MUSIC", The Harmonicon (May 1824), 97 [W. I. CASTELL]

. . . 6. SONG, "The Soldier's Adieu," composed by C. M. SOLA, (published by the same.)

7. Song, "Henry and Susan," composed by W. I. CASTELL, (published by the same.)

8. HYMN, "Hosanna! to the Prince of Light," composed four voices, by MARIA HINCKESMAN. (Whitaker and Co., St. Paul's Church Yard.) . . .

. . . Nos. 6 and 7 are both composed with taste. The latter by Mr. Castell, shews a good deal of strong musical feeling. The Hymn, for so we have called this piece, the fair author not having bestowed a title upon it, is in 3 time, and is the composition of a lady . . .


Five quadrilles and two waltzes (piano)

5 quadrilles and 2 waltzes ("The Fairy Quadrilles";
"Australian, Notasian, Arabian, or Mal[a]gareske quadrilles"); (2 Quadrilles have Sydney titles: Woo-loo-moo-loo and Kurry Jong)

MS score and accompanying letter (dated "Parramatta, Notasia [i.e. Australasia], April 20, [18]33"), at State Library of New South Wales, Castell family papers, 1786-1993, MLMSS 7989 (DIGITISED covering letter) (DIGITISED music page 1) (DIGITISED music page 2) (DIGITISED music page 3)

Letter, Susannah Castell, London, 2 June 1832, to William Joseph [Cavendish] Castell, Mauritius; Papers of the intestate estate of William Joseph Cavendish; State Archives of New South Wales, 6/26823, item 203; also transcribed Beedell 1990, 666, and Beedell 1992, 236-37

... I have just learn'd that a ship sails tomorrow for the Isle of France and I will take this opportunity of making the following request - and which I think it is in your power to comply with. Can you supply us with original and choice national airs, and adapt them for quadrilles, Waltzes &c. - as the rage of novelty in that line is in such request, that the compositions of some of our finest authors are pulled to pieces bit by bit to furnish passages - endeavour to collect Indian, Russian or any other whether outlandish or otherways and endeavour to compose some yourself, adapted to the figures ...

Letter, Cavendish to Susannah Castell, Parramatta, Notasia [i.e. Oceania-Australasia], 20 April 1833 [by the ship Edward Lambe, departed Sydney that day] 

Paramatta Notasia, April 20, '33.

I wrote by the ship Sovereign which sailed from Port Jackson on the 2d of March last, but as this Dutch hubbubboo may prevent your receiving it, I send you this duplicate, to which I have added two waltzes. The ["first" struckout] 2d and ["third: struckout] 5th Quadrilles I obtained from a Manilla Guittarist also the waltzes. No 1 is Bourbonnaise, No 3 is original and the second part was added by a creole of the Cape de Verde Islands. I have given them names characteristic of their origin. You may call them Australian, Notasian, Arabian or Mad[a]gascke quadrilles. Below I have given you a title page. Publish only one waltz at a time, bit to spin out the page, instead of marking the repeats, let them be printed at full length, 2nd time an octave higher. I gave you a short description of this paradise of places, Oranges, grapes, figs, apples, pears, flowers & fruits all the year round, the pigs fed upon peaches, & dogs upon rumpsteaks, & the sheep's heads thrown into the ditches, wh[ic]h the household cur will scarcely condescend to smell. In this land of plenty none need to starve or beg; but I must reserve my full description for a separate letter, which perhaps may accompany this. Yours W. J. Cavendish.

The Fairy Quadrilles
as danced
On a Sunbeam
by the
Elves of the Ocean
in the
Hall of Beauty
at the
Coral Palace
of the
Queen of the Sea.
Composed by the
Peri of the Purple Wing.

Do not sell these outright, you should bargain for a certain number Of copies for yourself. The agent here to Ellards music warehouse of Dublin [Francis Ellard] offered to purchase them, & I have offered him a set when I can collect them. I think this letter should not be kept [with] the Printer, but let him have a copy to engrave from. I should like ... [breaks off here]

Letter, Susannah Castell, London, to Cavendish, 28 May 1834 [postmarked Sydney 27 October 1834]; Papers of the intestate estate of William Joseph Cavendish; State Archives of New South Wales, 6/26823, item 203; also transcribed Beedell 1990, 671

Your last letter was receiv'd Feb[ruar]y 7. I regret to observe that the Quadrilles you sent is a total failure both in style and quality for the finest compositions from foreign masters [?we] have explored for subjects so that we have never been able to benefit by them ...

Modern edition:

Richard Divall (ed.), W. J. Cavendish, Five quadrilles and two waltzes (Australian Music Series - MDA041) (Music Archive of Monash University) (PDF - FREE DOWNLOAD)

Bibliography and resources

Roger Therry, Reminiscences of thirty years' residence in New South Wales and Victoria . . . (London: S. Low, Son, and Co., 1863), 114-16 

Transcribed in documentation above

A. V. Beedell, William Joseph Castell, o. k. a. Cavendish (1789-1839), musician: his origins, life and career in Ireland, England, France, Mauritius and Australia (M.A. honours thesis, University of New South Wales, 1990)

No UNSW Library or Trove record; thesis housed in UNSW history department secretariat (as at 2011)

Ann V. Beedell, The decline of the English musician, 1788-1888: a family of English musicians in Ireland, England, Mauritius, and Australia (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1992) (SNIPPET VIEW)

John C. Greene, Theatre in Dublin, 1745-1820: a calendar of performances, volume 4 (Bethlehem: Lehigh University Press, 2011), search "Castelli" (PREVIEW)

Professional activities of Cavendish's mother and father, Mr. and Mrs. Castelli, in the years around his birth.

Edward Duyker, "Castell, William", Dictionary of Sydney, posted 2010 and later 

Skinner 2011

Skinner 2015

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2018