THIS PAGE FIRST POSTED 1 FEBRUARY 2017

LAST MODIFIED Wednesday 8 February 2017 16:30

A chronological register of British military bands and bandsmen in Australia, 1788-1870

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


THIS PAGE IS CURRENTLY UNDER CONSTRUCTION


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A chronological register of British military bands and bandsmen in Australia, 1788-1870", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia): http://sydney.edu.au/paradisec/australharmony/register-british-military-bands-in-australia.php; accessed 29 March 2017




Introduction

-


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/tobegin.htm 





Numerical directory (click link to go to main entry)


3rd Regiment (Buffs)


4th Regiment


11th Regiment


12th Regiment


14th Regiment


17th Regiment


18th Regiment


21st Regiment (Scots Fusiliers)


28th Regiment


39th Regiment


40th Regiment (first tour)


40th Regiment (second tour)


46th Regiment


48th Regiment


50th Regiment (first tour)


50th Regiment (second tour)


51st Regiment


57th Regiment


63rd Regiment


73rd Regiment


77th Regiment


80th Regiment


96th Regiment


99th Regiment


Royal Artillery


New South Wales Corps; 100th Regiment; 102nd Regiment


Governor Phillip's band




Band of the First Fleet (Commodore Phillip's band of music; Governor Phillip's band)

Active England, 1787
Sydney, NSW, ? 1790-92


Summary:

Documentation:

White 1790, 99

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=5dJcAAAAcAAJ&pg=PA99 (DIGITISED)

November 11th. [1787] Having got on board such animals, provisions, &c. as we could stow, the commodore, with all the officers that had lodgings on shore, embarked. Previous to the commodore's embarkation he gave a public dinner to some of the gentlemen of the town and the officers of his fleet. The Dutch governor was to have been of the party but by some unforeseen event was detained in the country, where he had been for some days before. Commodore Phillip had his band of music on shore upon the occasion, and the day was spent with great cheerfulness and conviviality.


PHILLIP, Arthur




Band of the New South Wales Corps (Band of the 102nd Regiment; Band of the 100th Regiment)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, and active by c.1792

Departed Sydney, NSW, 10 May 1810 (per Dromedary and Hindostan, for England)


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+New+South+Wales+Corps (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+102nd+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

The New South Wales Corps was first raised in England in 1789, and the first detachment was ready to leave on convict ships by the end of that year. By March 1792, it consisted of 406 men [HRNSW 2, 465]. After the rebellion of 1808, the corps was renamed the 102nd Regiment [HRNSW 6, 783], but stayed on in the colony only until the arrival of the 73rd Regiment in 1810. The 102nd sailed for England on the Dromedary and Hindostan on 10 May 1810. It was later renamed the 100th Regiment, and was disbanded completely in 1818. Notably, it was in September 1818 that Levingstone, "Master of the Band in the 102d, since the 100th Regiment" arrived back in NSW as a settler.


Personnel:

Harry PARSONS

William CARR (master of the band, d. 1804)

William LEVINGSTONE


Documentation:

Malaspina (Novo y Colson) 1885, 255

https://archive.org/stream/cihm_15573#page/n329/mode/2up (DIGITISED)

El tiempo favoreció mucho el primer convite á bordo de la DESCUBIERTA en donde se hicieron al Mayor Grose los honores de Teniente General embarcado y además se acompañaron con salvas los siguientes tres brindis: 1.o El Rey de Inglaterra, el Rey de España y ambas Reales familias. 2.o El Comodoro Philipps, el Mayor Grose y la prosperidad de la colonia. 3.o Las señoras que nos favorecí an con su presencia. Todos los convidados repitieron el brindis, anteponiendo el Rey de España al Rey de Inglaterra; hicieron eco á estos sentimientos de cariño y de respeto los ¡viva el Rey! de la marinerí a, y la música del regimiento tocando al mismo tiempo el aria God Save the King dio á esta escena agradable y tierna todo el semblante majestuoso que merecí a: el tiempo lluvioso y con viento algo arrafagado no permitió ai dia siguiente que las señoras concurriesen á bordo de la ATREVIDA pero no faltó otro alguno de los convidados; se hicieron al Mayor Grose los mismos honores del dí a anterior y se renovaron los mismos brindis.

Malaspina (Novo y Colson) 1885 (second edition), 255

https://archive.org/stream/cihm_15573#page/n325/mode/2up (DIGITISED)

Malaspina (Jamieson) 2004, 78

[T]he first to the King of England, the King of Spain and both Royal Families; the second to Commodore Phillip, Major Grose, and the prosperity of the colony; and the third to the ladies who favoured us with their presence. As was to be expected, all our guests repeated the toast naming the King of Spain before the King of England. The crew echoed these sentiments of affection and respect with their "Long live the King" while the regimental band played the anthem "God Save the King", which lent all appropriate dignity to this pleasant and affectionate scene ...


Péron 1807, 1, 370

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=I_daAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA370 (DIGITISED)

... au-delà de l'hôpital, et sur la même ligne, est la prison, pourvue de plusieurs cachots, susceptible de contenir cent cinquante à deux cents prisonniers; une haute et forte muraille l' environne, une garde nombreuse veille jour et nuit à sa sûreté. Non loin, se trouve le magasin destiné à recevoir les vins, les liqueurs fortes, les salaisons et les autres approvisionnemens de ce genre: en face est la place d'armes (11), où la garrison vient chaque matin défiler la parade, au bruit d'une musique nombreuse et bien composée, qui appartient au régiment de la Nouvelle-Galles du Sud.

Péron 1809 (English translation), 272-73

https://books.google.com.au/books?id=N_MxAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA272 (DIGITISED)

... Beyond the hospital, in the same line, is the prison, which has several dungeons, capable of holding from an hundred and fifty, to two hundred prisoners; it is surrounded by a high and strong wall, and has a numerous guard on duty, both by day and night. A short distance from the prison is the store house, for the reception of wines, spirituous liquors, salt provisions, &c. In the front of it is the armoury, where the garrison is drawn up every morning, accompanied by a numerous and well composed band, belonging to the New South Wales regiment.

"ACCOUNT OF PORT JACKSON AND SYDNEY TOWN, NEW SOUTH WALES [Translated from the Voyage of Discovery of M. Peron ...]", The Literary Panorama 10 (February 1810), columns 913-14

http://books.google.com.au/books?id=97cRAAAAYAAJ&pg=PT439 (DIGITISED)


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 April 1803), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article625518


In the evening the band of the New South Wales Corps was introduced, Dancing took place, and at a late hour after supper the Company withdrew, highly gratified and amused with their entertainment.

"SYDNEY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 May 1810), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article627983 


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/102nd.htm 

http://www.bda-online.org.au/files/MR2_Military.pdf




Band of the 73rd Regiment

Band arrived with regiment in Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1809 (per Dromedary)

Departed Sydney, NSW, March 1814 (for Ceylon)


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+73rd+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Francis DETRICK (master of the band)


Documentation:

"SYDNEY GAZETTE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 January 1810), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article627894 


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/73rd.htm 




Band of the 46th regiment

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1814

Departed Sydney, NSW, 1818


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+46th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Robert McINTOSH (master of the band)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/46thfoot.htm 




Band of the 48th Regiment

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3 August 1817 (per Matilda, from Cork)

Departed ...1824


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+48th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

William Blizzard (? master of the band)

Serjeant REID (band serjeant)

Thomas Hewitt (bandsman, clarionet)


Documentation:

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 September 1818), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2178194

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 December 1819), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2179117

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 November 1820), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2179879

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 July 1821), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2180389

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 February 1823), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2181676

"DISBURSEMENTS. ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 October 1825), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2184477

Richard Cobbold, Mary Anne Wellington: the soldier's daughter, wife and widow (London: H. Colburn, 1846), 3 vols

vol. 1 http://www.archive.org/details/maryannewellingt01cobbuoft

vol. 2 http://www.archive.org/details/maryannewellingt02cobbuoft

vol. 3 http://www.archive.org/details/maryannewellingt03cobbuoft



Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/48thfoot.htm 




Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs; Buffs' Band; Band of the Buffs)

Arrived ? Hobart, TAS, 16 August 1823, with Headquarters of regiment (on the Commodore Hayes, from England, 26 April)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 August 1823 (on the Commodore Hayes, from Hobart)

Departed Sydney, 25 January 1827 (for India)


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+3rd+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Thomas KAVANAGH (master of the band, sergeant)


Documentation:

"POSTSCRIPT", Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (16 August 1823), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article1089947

"SHIP NEWS" and [News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1823), 2

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2182178 

On Friday afternoon last arrived from England and Hobart Town, the ship Commodore Hayes, with the Head-quarters and Staff of the 3d Infantry (Buffs) ... The Head-quarters of His Majesty's 3d Regiment (Buffs), under the command of Captain Cotton, were disembarked on Saturday afternoon last. The grenadier company of that Regiment received their military brethren, with the usual honors, on the King's Wharf. As soon as the Colours were landed, the troops marched to their quarters in the Barracks the full Band of the 3d Regiment playing the whole of the way.

[News], The Australian (27 January 1827), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article37073371 

The band of the Buffs embarked on Thursday.


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/3rdfoot.htm 



Band of the 40th Regiment (first tour)

Band probably arrived with headquarters, Sydney, NSW, 20 November 1824 (per Minerva, from London 14 July)
Arrived Hobart, TAS, ? late 1825

Departed ...1829


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+40th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Joseph REICHENBERG (master of the band)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/40thfoot.htm 



Band of the 57th Regiment

Arrived 1826

Departed 1831


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+57th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

George SIPPE (master of the band)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/57thfoot.htm 




Band of the 39th Regiment

Arrived Sydney, 18 September 1827 (per Cambridge, from Dublin)

Departed Sydney, 21 July 1832 (per John)


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+39th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Francis GEE (master of the band)


Documentation:

"MILITARY EXECUTION", The Australian (6 April 1832), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article42005071

... They marched round by the foot of the Battery, and on reaching the Slaughter-house-Point, halted, and formed in the segment of a square of three sides, facing inwards. The death warrant was then read, the band of the 39th struck up the dead march in Saul, and after the unfortunate culprit had passed some further time in acts of devotion, the firing party, consisting of a dozen picked men were ordered to advance. The soldier knelt upon his coffin, and in this position, received the fatal shot. The effect was instantaneous, he fell dead, upon his face, on the coffin. The body was there interred.


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/39thfoot.htm 




Band of the 63rd Regiment

Arrived 1829/1830

Departed 1833


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+63rd+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Mr. WILLIAMS (master of the band)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/63rdfoot.htm 




Band of the 17th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1830

Departed 1836


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+17th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Mr. (? Thomas) LEWIS (master of the band)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/17thfoot.htm 




Band of the 4th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1832

Departed 1837


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+4th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

COLEMAN, George (master of the band)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/4thfoot.htm 




Band of the 21st Regiment (Royal Scots Fusiliers)

Regiment arrived 1833

Departed 1839


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+21st+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Angus McLEOD (master of the band)


Documentation:

"THE REGATTA [Hobart]", The Sydney Monitor (21 December 1838), 1s

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article32162294

Both the bands of the 21st Fusileers were in attendance, and played some agreeable waltzes; but, decidedly the most amusing performance of the day in the musical way, was that of the celebrated Yankee song, so classically y'clept "Jim Crow" by the Brass Band; it was received, as the Theatrical critics would say, with "unbounded applause" and, we observed that His Excellency enjoyed it with a most vivacious relish.



Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/21st.htm 




Band of the 50th Regiment (first tour)

Regiment arrived 1834

Departed 1841


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+50th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

The 50th Regiment first served in Australia between 1834 and early 1841, and its band played for, among others, the Wallaces, Deanes, and Gautrots. However I have yet found no record of the name of the master of the band on that first tour of duty. The regiment was then garrisoned at Preston, Lancashire, in 1843 and still (or again) in 1853, when in February the band assisted at a public amateur concert under the leadership of Sergeant Reeves. In an advertisement placed by Jullien and Co., in The New Annual Army List for 1854 (London: John Murray, 1854), however, a testimonial was printed from "P. CASTALDINI, Band-Master, 50th Regiment of Foot", approving "Brass instruments made by Besson and Antoine Courtois, and also the Wood ditto made by Buffet sold at your establishment".


Personnel:


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/50thfoot.htm 

WKR/B1/Z7 1859 1 doc; WKR/B1/Z8 1867 3 docs

http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/a2a/records.aspx?cat=051-wkr&cid=-1#-1




Band of the 28th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1835

Departed 1842


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+28th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Vincenzo CHIODETTI (master of the band)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/28thfoot.htm 




Band of the 80th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1836

Departed 1844


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+80th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Samuel EDGERTON (master of the band)

Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/80thfoot.htm 




Band of the 51st Regiment

Regiment arrived 1838

Departed 1846


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+51st+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Abraham Philip DULY (master of the band)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/51stfoot.htm 




Band of the 96th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1839

Departed 1849

Active NSW, 1841-43; Tasmania, 1843-January 1849


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+96th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Mr. (? William) BISHOP (master of the band)

John AGNEW (? drum major)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/96thfoot.htm 




Band of the 99th Regiment

Regiment Arrived Sydney, 1843

Departed Hobart, 1856


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+99th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

A list of orchestral wind, brass and percussion players advertised for Stephen Marsh's concert at the Royal Victoria Theatre in Sydney in November 1845 gives (with perhaps a few unaccounted exceptions; e.g. Vaughan is probably a member of the theatre orchestra) bandsman and drummers of the 99th by instrument and name.


Personnel:

CLEARY

HILL

Robert MARTIN (master of the band)


Documentation:

"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article28651200

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article37154101

Flutes - ... A. Hill.
Oboes - Messrs. R. Martin, W. Cleary.
Principal Clarinets - Messrs. W. Martin, A. Cleary.
Clarinets - Messrs. Lillingston, Bromley, Hepperon, and Simpson.
Cornet de Piston - Mr. J. Roche.
Horns - Messrs. McCullum, Thompson, Hamilton, and Poole.
Trumpets - Messrs. McNamee, Smith.
Bassoons - Messrs. Hill, Davidson, McGuiness.
Serpents - Messrs. Fowler, Whittaker.
Trombones - Messrs. McLaughlin, Leo, Ennis.
Ophecleides - Messrs T. Martin, Waterstone.
Bombardone - Mr. Blackie.
Triangle - Mr. Cavanagh.
Kettle Drum - Mr. Vaughan.
Side Drum - R. Lunn.
Cymbals - T. Mullins.
Long Drum - J. Stretten.

"FUNERAL OF SERGEANT O'BOYLE", The Courier (6 November 1852), 3

http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article2958244


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/99thfoot.htm




Band of the 58th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1844

Departed 1847


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+58th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/58thfoot.htm 




Band of the 11th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1845

Departed ? 1857


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+11th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

C. W. F. STIER (master of the band)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/11th.htm 




Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)

Regiment arrived 1852

Departed ... 1860

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+40th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Henry JOHNSON (master of the band)

Joseph William HARTIGAN (band sergeant)


Image:

http://handle.slv.vic.gov.au/10381/67209



Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/40thfoot.htm 




Band of the 12th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1854

Departed ? 1867


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+12th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Douglas CALLEN (master of the band)

George HARDY (bandsman)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/12thfoot.htm 




Band of the 77th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1857

Departed 1858


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+77th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

Pompeo CAVALLINI (master of the band)

Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/77thfoot.htm 





Band of the Royal Artillery

Active ? August 1857

until ? March 1860 ; ? 1865

http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+Royal+Artillery (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

James C. RIDDETT (master of the band)

Henry PRINCE (? acting bandmaster 1865)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/royalart.htm 




Band of the 50th Regiment (second tour)

Regiment arrived 1866

Departed 1869


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+50th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:

In an advertisement placed by Jullien and Co., in The New Annual Army List for 1854 (London: John Murray, 1854), a testimonial was printed from "P. CASTALDINI, Band-Master, 50th Regiment of Foot", approving "Brass instruments made by Besson and Antoine Courtois, and also the Wood ditto made by Buffet sold at your establishment".


Personnel:


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/50thfoot.htm 




Band of the 14th Regiment

Tour (2nd battalion): 1867

Departed 1870


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+14th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:

John MILLER (master of the band)


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/14thfoot.htm 




Band of the 18th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1870

Departed ? 1871


http://trove.nla.gov.au/result?l-publictag=Band+of+the+18th+Regiment (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Summary:


Personnel:


Documentation:


Bibliography and resources:

http://freepages.history.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~garter1/18thfoot.htm 







© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017