LAST MODIFIED Monday 22 May 2017 7:58

A chronological register of British military bands and bandsmen in Australia, 1788-1870

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A chronological register of British military bands and bandsmen in Australia, 1788-1870", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 23 May 2017

Numerical directory (click link to go to main entry)

3rd Regiment (Buffs)

4th Regiment

11th Regiment

12th Regiment

14th Regiment

17th Regiment

18th Regiment

21st Regiment (Scots Fusiliers)

28th Regiment

39th Regiment

40th Regiment (first tour)

40th Regiment (second tour)

46th Regiment

48th Regiment

50th Regiment (first tour)

50th Regiment (second tour)

51st Regiment

57th Regiment

63rd Regiment

73rd Regiment

77th Regiment

80th Regiment

96th Regiment

99th Regiment

Royal Artillery

Royal Engineers

New South Wales Corps; 100th Regiment; 102nd Regiment

Governor Phillip's band

Band of the First Fleet (marines; Commodore Phillip's band of music; Governor Phillip's band) (1787-c.1792)

Active England, by 1787

Arrived Sydney, NSW,

Active Sydney, NSW, until ? 1790-92




White 1790, 99 (DIGITISED)

November 11th. [1787] Having got on board such animals, provisions, &c. as we could stow, the commodore, with all the officers that had lodgings on shore, embarked. Previous to the commodore's embarkation he gave a public dinner to some of the gentlemen of the town and the officers of his fleet. The Dutch governor was to have been of the party but by some unforeseen event was detained in the country, where he had been for some days before. Commodore Phillip had his band of music on shore upon the occasion, and the day was spent with great cheerfulness and conviviality.


Arthur PHILLIP (commander, governor NSW)


? Harry PARSONS (marine, ? bandsman)

Bibliography and resources:


Band of the New South Wales Corps (Band of the 102nd Regiment, since the 100th Regiment) (? c.1792-1810)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, and ? fully active by c.1792

Departed Sydney, NSW, 10 May 1810 (per Dromedary and Hindostan, for England) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The New South Wales Corps was first raised in England in 1789, and the first detachments were ready to leave on convict ships by the end of that year [HRNSW 1/2, 285]. By March 1792, it consisted of 406 men [HRNSW 2, 465]. After the rebellion of 1808, the corps was renamed the 102nd Regiment [HRNSW 6, 783], but stayed on in the colony only until the arrival of the 73rd Regiment in 1810. The 102nd sailed for England on the Dromedary and Hindostan on 10 May 1810. It was later renamed the 100th Regiment, and was disbanded completely in 1818. Notably, it was in September 1818 that Levingstone, "Master of the Band in the 102d, since the 100th Regiment" arrived back in NSW as a settler.


Francis GROSE (commander of the regiment; lieutenant governor, NSW)

William PATTERSON (second in command of regiment; lieutenant governor, NSW)

George JOHNSTON (major, regiment; lieutenant governor, NSW)


William CARR (? George KERR; "master of the band", d. 1804)

William LEVINGSTONE (drummer, NSW, 1805-06; bandsman, NSW, 1806-10; "master of the band", in UK, 102nd)

Harry PARSONS (marine, ? musician, First Fleet; "master of the band", NSW)

John RANDALL (REYNOLDS; "Black RANDALL") (bandsman, NSW, 1806)

William TERNAN (bandsman; later also bandsman 46th Regiment, and possibly also 73rd, 48th, and 3rd regiments)


Edward EAGLES (drummer)



George R. Whereas we have thought proper to direct that a corps of foot shall be forthwith raised, which is intended to be stationed in New South Wales, to consist of four companies, with three serjeants, three corporals, two drummers, and sixty-seven private men in each, with the usual commanding officers. These are to authorise you, by beat of drum or otherwise, to raise so many men in any country or part of our Kingdom of Great Britain as shall be wanted to complete the said corps to the above-mentioned numbers. Given, &c., 5th June 1789, in twenty-ninth year of our reign. By his Majesty's command, Geo. Yonge. To our trusty and well-beloved Francis Grose, Esq. Major-Commandant of a corps of foot to be herewith raised.

Collins 1798, 201 

On Tuesday the 14th [February 1792] the signal was made for a sail, and shortly after the Pitt, Captain Edward Manning, anchored in the cove from England. She sailed the 17th of last July from Yarmouth Roads, and had rather a long passage, touching at St. Iago, Rio de Janeiro, and the Cape of Good Hope. She had on board Francis Grose, Esq. the lieutenant-governor of the settlements, and major-commandant of the New South Wales corps, one company of which, together with the adjutant and surgeon's mate, came out with him.

Malaspina (Novo y Colson) 1885, 255 (March-April 1793) (DIGITISED)

... El tiempo favoreció mucho el primer convite á bordo de la DESCUBIERTA en donde se hicieron al Mayor Grose los honores de Teniente General embarcado y además se acompañaron con salvas los siguientes tres brindis: 1.o El Rey de Inglaterra, el Rey de España y ambas Reales familias. 2.o El Comodoro Philipps, el Mayor Grose y la prosperidad de la colonia. 3.o Las señoras que nos favorecí an con su presencia. Todos los convidados repitieron el brindis, anteponiendo el Rey de España al Rey de Inglaterra; hicieron eco á estos sentimientos de cariño y de respeto los ¡viva el Rey! de la marinerí a, y la música del regimiento tocando al mismo tiempo el aria God Save the King dio á esta escena agradable y tierna todo el semblante majestuoso que merecí a: el tiempo lluvioso y con viento algo arrafagado no permitió ai dia siguiente que las señoras concurriesen á bordo de la ATREVIDA pero no faltó otro alguno de los convidados; se hicieron al Mayor Grose los mismos honores del dí a anterior y se renovaron los mismos brindis.

Malaspina (Novo y Colson) 1885 (second edition), 255 (DIGITISED)

Malaspina (Jamieson) 2004, 78

[T]he first to the King of England, the King of Spain and both Royal Families; the second to Commodore Phillip, Major Grose, and the prosperity of the colony; and the third to the ladies who favoured us with their presence. As was to be expected, all our guests repeated the toast naming the King of Spain before the King of England. The crew echoed these sentiments of affection and respect with their "Long live the King" while the regimental band played the anthem "God Save the King", which lent all appropriate dignity to this pleasant and affectionate scene ...

Collins 1804, 227-28 (October 1794) 

The arrival of the Surprise transport took place on the 25th [October 1794]. She had on board fixty female and twenty-three male convićts, some stores and provisions, with three settlers for the colony. Among the prisoners were, Messrs. Muir, Palmer, Skirving, and Margarot, four gentlemen lately convićted in Scotland of the crime of sedition (considered as a public offence), and transported for the same. A guard, consisting of an ensign and twenty-one privates of the New South Wales corps, was on board the transport: six of these people were deserters from other regiments, and brought from the Savoy; one of them, it was understood, had been tried for mutiny, of an àggravated kind, at Quebec. (228) This mode of recruiting the regiment must have proved as disgusting to the officers as it was detrimental to the interests of the settlement. If the corps was raised for the purpose of protećting the civil establishment, and of bringing a counterpoise to the vice and crimes which might naturally be expected to exist among the convicts, it ought to have been carefully formed from the best characters; instead of which they now found a mutineer (a wretch who could deliberate with others, and consent himself to be the chosen instrument of the destruction of his sovereign's son,) sent among them, to remain for life, perhaps, as a check upon sedition, now added to the catalogue of their other imported vices ... After an absence of eight weeks, the Daedalus returned from Norfolk Island; and on board her, ten of the marine settlers, who had given up their grounds in consequence of the disappointment which they experienced with respect to the corn bills, and had entered into the New South Wales corps ...

"Muster-roll of his majesty's New South Wales Corps of Foot, from 25th Dec., 1795, to 24 June, 1796, inclusice"; ed. in HRNSW, 3, 55 

... Drummers: - John Armstrong, T. Brown, Daniel Johns, Nathaniel Griffen, William and Obediah Ikin, Thomas Brown to private, 15th Sep'r; John Hammond do., 5th Dec'r; George Whittle, enlisted 16th Sep'r ; Wm. Jamieson, do. 6th Dec'r ...

Muster rolls and paylists, New South Wales [102nd] Regiment of Foot, 1798-1810; London, PRO, WO/9899-9904

Microfim copies, State Library of New South Wales, Mitchell Library, Special Collections

Péron 1807, 1, 370 (June-July 1802) (DIGITISED)

... au-delà de l'hôpital, et sur la même ligne, est la prison, pourvue de plusieurs cachots, susceptible de contenir cent cinquante à deux cents prisonniers; une haute et forte muraille l' environne, une garde nombreuse veille jour et nuit à sa sûreté. Non loin, se trouve le magasin destiné à recevoir les vins, les liqueurs fortes, les salaisons et les autres approvisionnemens de ce genre: en face est la place d'armes (11), où la garrison vient chaque matin défiler la parade, au bruit d'une musique nombreuse et bien composée, qui appartient au régiment de la Nouvelle-Galles du Sud.

Péron 1809 (English translation), 272-73 (DIGITISED)

... Beyond the hospital, in the same line, is the prison, which has several dungeons, capable of holding from an hundred and fifty, to two hundred prisoners; it is surrounded by a high and strong wall, and has a numerous guard on duty, both by day and night. A short distance from the prison is the store house, for the reception of wines, spirituous liquors, salt provisions, &c. In the front of it is the armoury, where the garrison is drawn up every morning, accompanied by a numerous and well composed band, belonging to the New South Wales regiment.

"ACCOUNT OF PORT JACKSON AND SYDNEY TOWN, NEW SOUTH WALES [Translated from the Voyage of Discovery of M. Peron ...]", The Literary Panorama 10 (February 1810), columns 913-14 (DIGITISED)

"IMPERIAL PARLIAMENT. HOUSE OF COMMONS. Wednesday, Dec. 8", The universal magazine (December 1802), 455 

There were several other corps of inferior denomination; the staff corps, the waggon corps, and the New South Wales Corps, which were likewise to be kept up.

John Turnbull, A voyage round the world: in the Years 1800, 1801, 1802, 1803, and 1804 ... vol. 3 (London: Printed for Richard Phillips, 1805), 131 

[On making the land about Port Jackson ...] ... On the following morning, seeing the New South Wales corps under arms, they were in the most extravagant raptures imaginable; but when the band began to play, they began to leap about, their very eyes dancing in their head with the vivacity of their sympathy. So enchanted were they with this sight, that had the governor made his appearance, I am persuaded they would have regarded him only as a secondary character ...

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 April 1803), 3

In the evening the band of the New South Wales Corps was introduced, Dancing took place, and at a late hour after supper the Company withdrew, highly gratified and amused with their entertainment.

"SYDNEY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 May 1810), 2 

Proceedings of a general court martial held at Chelsea Hospital, which commenced on Tuesday, May 7, 1811 ... for the trial of Lieut.-Col. Geo. Johnston, major of the 102nd Regiment, late the New South Wales Corps, on a charge of mutiny ... for deporing, on the 26th January, 1808, William Bligh, esq. ... (London: Printed for Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, 1811), 9, 114, 119, 198, 204, 443 

[Bligh's opening speech] ... Immediately after the order for the release of McArthur, there followed an operation of the main guard close to the gate of the Government-House, and the regiment marched down from the barracks led on by Major Johnston and the other officers, with colours flying and music playing as they advanced to the house. Within a few minutes after, the house was surrounded; the soldiers quickly broke into all parts of it ... 

[Evidence of Isaac Champion ] ... [I was an acting sergeant-major] ... This, you say, was on the 28th? On the evening of the 28th [January 1808]? ... Who cheered; you say the people? I believe the soldiers and the convicts mixed together. You say, a number of officers were there? They were walking past along the road; I particularly observed Lieutenant Colonel Johnson, Mr. Minchin, Major Abbott, a gentleman of the name of McArthur, and some ladies. Who was the effigy intended to represent? Why, all supposed Governor Bligh. That was the general impression? That was the general impression. The military band that was there attended, and the moment after, they played a tune which they called in common "The Silly Old Man:" they struck it up immediately after the three shouts were over ... 

[John McArthur, cross-examined] ... Did you not walk away from the Criminal Court on the 25th of January 1808, with the members of that Court? - No; to the best of my recollection, I walked away with a Dr. Townson; the members of the Court might be following close after for aught I know, but I did not observe them. I remember now, there was also a Mr. Blaxcell and a Mr. Bayly, who were my bail.

Were you not with the troops on the 26th of January, and did you not, as they marched to the Government House, give directions, both to several of the men, and particularly to the music.? - No; I have no recollection of anything of the kind. I walked with them, but I recollect giving no directions either to the men or to the music.

"New South Wales Intelligence", Colonial Times (5 November 1833), 3 

We have been informed (although we are somewhat inclined to doubt our authority), that H. M. Store Ship Buffalo, now in Sydney Cove, is the same vessel that visited this distant part of His Majesty's dominions, during the administration of Governor King. We have, therefore, been induced to refer to the Sydney Gazette for information respecting this vessel, and in a file of that paper now before us, we find in vol. 1 No. 7, dated 17th April 1803, the following paragraph, which we insert, and we trust it will not be unacceptable to our readers, as it shews, that at so early a period of the Colony, public entertainments were given in a manner that would not disgrace it at the present day:-

"On Tuesday last a grand fête was given on board His Majesty's ship Buffalo, by Captain Kent ... In the evening the Band of the New South Wales Corps was introduced, dancing took place, and at a late hour after supper, the company withdrew, highly gratified and amused with their entertainment."

Bibliography and resources:

Pamela Statham (ed.), A colonial regiment: new sources relating to the New South Wales Corps 1789-1810 ([Canberra]: P. Statham, 1992)

B. and M. Chapman, "The New South Wales Corps (Rum Corps) ...", Australia's red coat settlers 

"The New South Wales Corps & 102nd Regiment & Veteran Co.", Biographical database of Australia (BDA) []

"New South Wales Corps", Wikipedia 

Detail, anoymous engraving, "Guard-mounting, St. James' Palace", c.1790 (Kimball trombone); drum major with staff, leading the band of music, consisting of 7 or 8 musicians, with trumpet, French horn, serpent, oboes or clarinets, bassoons

General regulations (UK 1803)


A collection of orders, regulations, and instructions, for the army ... (London: T. Egerton, 1807), 175, 557 

No. 44. Soldiers acting as Musicians.

44. The General Orders of the 5th August, 1803, having signified His Majesty's pleasure, that in regiments having bands of music, not more than one private soldier of each troop or company shall be permitted to act as a musician, and that one non-commissioned officer shall be allowed to act as master of the band, the Paymasters and Adjutants are to distinguish in their Pay-lists and Adjutant's rolls respectively, all the private men and the non-commissioned officer acting as musicians as above-mentioned, by placing opposite to the name of each in the column of remarks, the word "Band."

Of course no Pay is to be charged for men of the said description, exceeding the number limited. 

General General Orders relative to Soldiers acting as Musicians.

Horse Guards, 5th August, 1803.

It is His Majesty's pleasure, that in Regiments having bands of music, not more than one Private Soldier of each Troop or Company shall be permitted to act as Musicians, and that one Non-commissioned Officer shall be allowed to act as Master of the Band. These men are to be drilled and instructed in their exercise, and in case of actual service, are, to fall in with their respective Troops or Companies completely armed and accoutred.

His Royal Highness the Commander in Chief desires that General Officers commanding in districts will immediately communicate the above order to the several Regiments under their command, and strictly enforce its observance.

By order of His Royal Highness The Commander in Chief. HARRY CALVERT, Adjutant General of the Forces.

General regulations and orders for the army (London: War Office, 1804), 37, 48-49 (quoted in Herbert and Barlow 2013, 271-72)

The Sounds for the Trumpet and Bugle Horn, which were circulated in December, 1798 are to be adopted and used exclusively of any others by every Regiment and Corps of Cavalry in His Majesty's Service.

It is extremely essential, that the Music and the Drums should be attentive when playing or beating for Military Purposes, on occasions permitted by His Majesty's Regulations, and above all in the Ordinary and Quick Time Marches, not to deviate in the most trifling degree from the Time which will allow, within the minute, the exact number of steps, prescribed by His Majesty's Regulations; and the Music for both Slow and Quick Time should be practised under the direction of the Drum Major with the Plummet, until the exact prescribed Cadence has been acquired; the Music and the Drums should be frequently practised together, in order that when relieving each other in the Quick March, the time may not differ in the smallest degree, but the Cadence, according to Regulation, be uniformly and uninterruptedly preserved.

(48=49) In Regiments that have Bands of Music, one Private Soldier of each Troop of Company is permitted to act as a Musician, and a Serjeant, is allowed to act as Master of the Band; but all these men are to be effective to the Service as Soldiers, are to be perfectly drilled, and liable to serve in the Ranks in any emergency.

"FROM A LONDON PAPER, DATED the 8th of last August", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 April 1804), 2 

The Practice of arming the Bands is neither nouvelle or INUTILE; for the day before the ever-memorable and glorious battle at Quebec the galant WOLFE summoned the Bands of all the Regiments to the front of the line, and desired each of the musicians to exchange his instrument for a musquet, bayonet, and cartouche containing five-and-twenty rounds of ball cartridge; but there being several Germans among the number the change was not accepted by them with any symptom of alacrity; but on the contrary, after a mysterious pause, one sufficiently recovered from his astonishment to articulate "but, General, me only hast to play de music;" "and that's all I required, my lad", returned the General still pointing to a musquet, "but that's the music that must be played to-morrow."

[Advertisement], Dublin Evening Post (21 January 1806), 3

MASTER OF A MILITARY BAND. TO OFFICERS OF THE ARMY, &c. A MUSICIAN of the King's Household, who had brought over a collection of the newest and most fashionable M. S. Military Music, will take charge of a Military Band, on liberal terms. He has the most flattering recommendations from Officers commanding the different regiments of whose Bands he has been Master. Letters (post paid) directed to Z. Y. at Mr. Kinsela's, No. 3 Moore-street, will be duly attended to.

Band of the 73rd Regiment (1809-14)

Band arrived with regiment in Sydney, NSW, 28/30 December 1809 / 1 January 1810 (per Dromedary, from Yarmouth, 8 May)

Departed Sydney, NSW, 5/6 April 1814 (per General Hewett, for Colombo, Ceylon, 17 August) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Maurice Charles O'CONNELL (commander of regiment; lieutenant governor, NSW)


Francis DETRICK (DIETRICH) (master of the band)


- (bandsmen)


Samuel WIGGINS (band sergeant, master of the band, prior to Australian tour, died Hobart 1811)


"SYDNEY GAZETTE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 January 1810), 2 

Payment to band, to 31 March 1814 New South Wales, Colonial Secretary's Papers, 1788-1856; Special Bundles, 1794-1825; p. 489; State Records Authority NSW

See also "GOVERNMENT AND GENERAL ORDERS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 April 1814), 2 

- Francis Detrick, Master of the Band of H. M. 73d Regiment, and seven other Musicians belonging to ditto, for performing sacred Music at the Church at Sydney, from the 1st of October, 1812, to 31st March, 1814 / 11. 9. 6.

"Sydney", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 April 1814), 2 

On Wednesday the General Hewett transport sailed for Ceylon with the Head-quarters Detachment of the 73d Regiment, under the Command of Lieutenant Colonel O'CONNELL.

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Cannon, Historical record of the Seventy-Third Regiment ... from the period of its being raised ... and of its subsequent services to 1851 (London: Parker, Furnivall and Parker, 1851), 24-25 

... The first battalion of the SEVENTY-THIRD regiment having been considerably reinforced by volunteers from the hundred-and-second regiment (late New South Wales corps), which it relieved at New South Wales, and 1812 which was ordered home, its establishment was raised, in the year 1812, to twelve hundred rank and file, which included a veteran company formed from the veterans of the hundred-and-second regiment, and attached to the SEVENTY-THIRD, while the battalion continued to serve at New South Wales, and was, on its leaving that colony, transferred to the forty-sixth regiment. About the end of the year 1813, an order arrived 1813 from England to embark the first battalion of the SEVKNTY-THIRD regiment for the island of Ceylon ...

B. and M. Chapman, "73rd (Highland) Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"73rd (Perthshire) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

General regulations (UK 1811)


General regulations and orders for the army (London: W. Clowes, 1811), 92-93 (see also Herbert and Barlow 2013, 272) 

In Regiments that have Bands of Music, one Private Soldier of each Troop of Company is permitted to act as a Musician, and a Serjeant is allowed to act as Master of the Band; but all these men are to be effective to the Service as Soldiers, are to be perfectly drilled, and liable to serve in the Ranks in any emergency.

The Sounds for the Trumpet and Bugle Horn, prescribed by the General Order of the 29th December 1798, are to be adopted and used exclusively of any others by every Regiment and Corps of Cavalry in His Majesty's Service.

(93) It is extremely essential that the Music and the Drums and Fifes, when playing or beating for Military Purposes, on occasions permitted by His Majesty's Regulations, and, above all, in the Ordinary and Quick Time Marches, should be attentive not to deviate in the most trifling degree from the Time which will allow, within the minute, the exact number of steps prescribed by His Majesty's Regulations, and the Music for both Slow and Quick Time should be practised under the direction of the Drum Major with the Plummet, until the exact prescribed Cadence has been acquired; the Music and the Drums should be frequently practised together, in order that when relieving each other in the Quick March, the time may not differ in the smallest degree, but the Cadence, according to Regulation, be uniformly and uninterruptedly preserved.

[Advertisement], Saunders's News-Letter [Dublin] (25 May 1818), 3

BAND, 4TH DRAGOON GUARDS. A First Bassoon Player; liberal encouragement will be given to a young Man who can give sufficient proofd of his competence, and who can produce testimonials of unexceptionable character. Apply to the Master of the Band, Royal Cavalry Barracks.

Band of the 46th regiment (1814-17)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 February 1814 (per Windham, from England, 23 August 1813)

Departed Sydney, NSW, [? 8] 23 September 1817 (per Matilda, for Madras, India, 16 December) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




George James MOLLE (commander of the regiment; lieutenant governor NSW)


Robert McINTOSH (master of the band)


William TERNAN (bandsman, previously in band of the NSW Corps)


James DUST (band master, not with regiment in Australia)


"Ship News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 February 1814), 2 

... yesterday arrived the Windham, Captain Bligh, also from England, having on board the head-quarters of the 46th Regt. commanded by Lieutenant Colonel MOLLE, who succeeds Colonel O'CONNELL as Lieutenant Governor of this Territory ...

"SYDNEY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 February 1814), 2 

The 46th Regiment was landed on Tuesday; on which occasion Colonel MOLLE was saluted from the battery at Dawes's Point.

"NOTICE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 December 1816), 1 

IN Consequence of the Heat of the Weather, the PROMENADES in HYDE PARK, will commence at Half past Six, instead of Five o'Clock as heretofore, on the Evening of Sundays. - The Band of the 46th Regiment will attend as usual.

"Ship News", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 September 1817), 2 

On Tuesday last sailed the Matilda, Capt. SOMERVILLE, for Madras, with the head-quarters of His Majesty's 46th Regiment on board, under the command of Colonel MOLLE.

[News], The Monitor (28 June 1828), 6 

The choir of St. James's attempted the psalm of Jubilate Deo, on Sunday morning. This anthem used to be performed remarkably well by the band of the 46th regiment some years ago at St. Phillip's Church. It is, when well performed, one of the sweetest pieces of sacred music that can edify a plain congregation. The choir of St. James's appeared to us, however, to fail in their performance of this anthem, as compared with the singers of the hand of the 46th. The effect was not half so good, although the organ must be considered a greater assistant than four or five ordinary instruments. The 46th used to sing this psalm nearly as quick again, as it was sung on Sunday last. We think the heavy dragging effect of Sunday was owing to the slow time in which the anthem was sung. The counter singer, finding himself unsupported by the treble, lost courage, and at length sang out of tune. He was also too loud, though with proper support, this would have been no fault. The only remedy we can suggest at present is, that the anthem, the next time it is attempted, should be sung nearly as quick again, and that the organ should play under the voices. With these alterations, we feel confident Jubilate Deo will be as well performed at St. James's, as it used to be at St. Phillip's. Nunc dimittis is very well sung in the evening by the St. James's choir.

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Cannon, Historical record of the Forty-Sixth, or the South Devonshire Regiment of Foot (London: Parker, Furnivall and Parker, 1851), 48-52

[50] ... In the early part of April 1816, the flank companies of the regiment were detached into the interior of New South Wales, and received in General Orders the thanks of Major-General Macquarie, Commanding the Forces, for their arduous services in pursuing into the interior, and reducing the aborigines to a state of obedience. Captain Schaw commanded the light company, and Captain Wallis the grenadiers ...

B. and M. Chapman, "46th Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"46th (South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

Band of the 48th Regiment (1817-24)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 3/7 August 1817 (per Matilda, from Cork, 22 March)

Departed Sydney, NSW, 5 March 1824 (per Greenock, for Madras) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




James ERSKINE (commander of the regiment; lieutenant governor NSW)


William BLIZZARD (BLIZARD; BLEZZARD) (corporal of the band; ? master of the band)

Serjeant REID (band sergeant, ? master of the band)


Thomas HEWITT (bandsman, clarinet player)

Andrew TIBBS (bandsman)


Benjamin HODGHON (drum major)


"GOVERNMENT AND GENERAL ORDERS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (9 August 1817), 1 

The first Division of His Majesty's 48th Regiment, under the Command of Lieutenant Colonel ERSKINE, having arrived yesterday from Ireland on board the Matilda Transport, are to be disembarked on Thursday next, the 7th Instant, at Two o'Clock in the Afternoon, at the King's Wharf; and to be from thence marched to the Barracks ...

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 September 1818), 3

A few evenings ago a Concert was given by His Honor Lieutenant Governor ERSKINE to a numerous Party of Ladies and Gentlemen, which was succeeded by a splendid Ball. His EXCELLENCY the GOVERNOR, and Mrs. MACQUARIE, participated in the elegancies of the festival, as did likewise all the principal Officers, Ladies, and Gentlemen in Sydney and its vicinities; the company being in number 80 persons. At about eleven a cold collation was served up in a style of peculiar delicacy. The full Band of the 48th attended upon the amusements of the evening; and several singers, who were introduced in masquerade, added not a little to its harmonies. At the end of the collation dancing resumed; and the sprightly partie did not separate until 3 or 4 in the morning, each Lady and Gentleman taking leave of their worthy HOST, and returning their acknowledgments for the kindness of his entertainment.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 December 1819), 2

On Thursday last, the 2d inst. a fete champetre was given by Captain PIPER at Elizabeth Henrietta Point ... The day proved favourable; and the scene of boats in the water, accompanied by the Band of the 48th Regiment, had a delightful effect. About one hundred Ladies and Gentlemen sat down to dinner; after which, the "merry dance" commenced, which was kept up with great spirit.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 November 1820), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 July 1821), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 February 1823), 2

{News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 March 1824), 2 

His Majesty's 48th Regiment, under the command of Lieutenant Colonel CIMITIERE, embarked from the Dock-yard, on Friday afternoon last, on board of the ships Greenock, Asia, and Sir Godfrey Webster. The Greenock takes the head-quarters.

"DISBURSEMENTS. ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 October 1825), 1

Paid Serjeant Reid, and others of the band of the 48th Regt. for performing sacred music, from 1st April 1823, to 1st April 1824....42 00

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Cobbold, Mary Anne Wellington: the soldier's daughter, wife and widow (London: H. Colburn, 1846), 3 vols

vol. 1

vol. 2

vol. 3

Henry George Farmer, The rise and development of military music (London: Wm. Reeves, 1912), 89 

An interesting account of the band of the Forty-eighth Regiment during this campaign [Peninsular] may be found in Cobbold's "Mary Ann Wellington." From this work we find that the Forty-eighth raised their band in 1798. The band of this regiment in the war consisted of thirteen men, and the bandmaster and drum major. The exploits of the latter fill quite half of Cobbold's book.

Russell Gurney, History of the Northamptonshire Regiment 1742 to 1934 (Aldershot: Gale & Polden, 1935) 

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/48th Foot The (Northamptonshire) Regiment 1817-1824", Australia's red coat regiments 

"48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

General regulations (UK 1822-23)


General regulations and orders for the army (London: William Clowes, 1822), 125, 358 

Trumpeters, Drummers, and Musicians. In Regiments that have Bands of Music, a Serjeant is allowed to act as Master of the Band, and Ten Privates as Musicians, but all these Men are to be effective as Soldiers, and are to be perfectly drilled, and liable to serve in the Ranks on any emergency. This number is not to be exceeded under any circumstance, excuse, or arrangement whatever ... 

Should there be any Musicians undersized, Men of Colour, or Boys, their number must be stated, and the Authority on which they were enlisted.

"THE ARMY ... GENERAL ORDERS, Horse Guards, January 30, 1823", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 July 1823), 1 Supplement 

Difficulties having arisen upon the part of certain individuals in regard to the payment of those subscriptions which are required of Regimental Officers, the Commander-in-Chief has received the King's commands to declare to the Army, that his Majesty considers every Officer bound to pay the ordinary Regimental Mess and Band Subscriptions when he shall enter a Regiment, whether he joins it or not; and that his Majesty will regard any attempt to resist these payments as a violation of discipline. Officers are expected to join their Regiments immediate upon their appointment; and when, instead of doing so, they receive any leave of absence it would be highly improper to make such indulgence a plea whereon to evade any regulation or usage which has been sanctioned by his Majesty.

Experience having proved the maintenance of a Regimental Mess to be necessary to the due preservation of harmony, respectability, and discipline, in a Military Society; and the support of a Regimental Band, upon the economical scale prescribed in the General Order of the 8th of November, 1821, to be due to the credit of a Regiment; his Royal Highness will bring under His Majesty's special notice, the conduct of any individual who shall hereafter prevent or interrupt the comfort of his brother Officers, and the respectability of his corps, by thus cavilling at, or dissenting from arrangements, which have been adopted throughout the service to confer a general benefit, and which are confirmed by his Majesty's gracious approval.

The Commander-in-Chief expects, however, that the present Order will not be perverted into a license to distress individuals by extravagance under either of the [ ? ]; and his Royal Highness will accordingly be ready to receive, investigate and redress any complaints that shall be made by Officers who may feel aggrieved by undue exactions at variance with the general custom of the service; but his Royal Highness will, of course in every instance, hold the complainant strictly responsible for the [? consequences] of his representations.

By Command of his Royal Highness, HENRY TORRENS, Adjutant-general.

General order, Horse Guards, 28 August 1823

Quoted in P. L. Binns, A hundred years of military music, being the story of the Royal Military School of Music, Kneller Hall (Gillingham: Blackmore Press, 1959, 20; also Herbert and Barlow 2013, 273-74

With reference to the particular Order of the 8th November 1821, the Commander-in-Chief has been pleased to direct that in future the establishment of each Regimental Band throughout the Service shall be a Sergeant (Master) and fourteen musicians, but in granting this indulgence, it is His Royal Highness's express command that the Army prohibition contained in that Order against any excess of prescribed numbers shall be strictly applied to the establishment now authorised.

Military band at Vauxhall Gardens, c.1820 (from Egan's Life in London)

Detail, military band in the "Orchestra" at Vauxhall Gardens, London, c.1820, with "Turkish" percussion players in turbans; from the illustration by I. R. and George Cruickshank, "Tom, Jerry and Logic making the most of an Evening at Vauxhall Gardens", in Pierce Egan, Life in London (London: Sherwood, Neely, and Jones, 1821), plate after 338 (DIGITISED) 

Other early bands (Australia 1820s)

Captain Piper's Band (active Sydney, c.1823-27; Bathurst, c.1830-c. mid 1840s)'s+Band (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Not strictly a military band, the private band of naval captain John Piper was an important musical institution in Sydney in the 1820s, and later in Bathurst. What little specific documentation we have of Piper's band suggests that it probably consisted of a small core of assigned convicts and other servants, who played for Piper and his family and guests on a regular basis, and whose membership was probably sometimes expanded by private hiring of serving military band personnel. Piper not only employed his band for his own entertainments at his own houses, Henrietta Villa (Point Piper, Sydney) and later Alloway Bank (Bathurst), but also loaned it out to play at balls, and other private and public functions.


John PIPER (naval captain, his private band)


William WEBB (bandsman, d.1847)

The "English Band" at Hobart Town (1823)


This is the earliest reference I have found so far to a resident band of any sort in Hobart. Whether it was made up of military or civilian personnel, or perhaps more likely both, is impossible to ascertain. The full regimental band to serve in Hobart was the Band of the 40th Regiment.


"HOBART-TOWN", Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (21 June 1823), 2 

On Monday last, the Merchants and other respectable Inhabitants of Hobart Town entertained at Dinner, the Officers of His Imperial Russian Majesty's frigates, the Creuzer and Ladoga, and the Civil and Military Officers of the Settlement. Upwards of one hundred persons were present, who all regretted the absence from town of His Honor Lieutenant Governor Sorell, on this interesting occasion ... The excellent Band of the Russian frigate Creuzer attended, and being accompanied by the English Band, performed many appropriate airs, which contributed much to the conviviality of the evening.

Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs; Buffs' Band; Band of the Buffs) (1823-27)

Arrived ? Hobart, TAS, 16 August 1823 (per Commodore Hayes, from England, 26 April)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 29/30 August 1823 (on the Commodore Hayes, from Hobart)

Departed Sydney, NSW, 23/25 January 1827 (per Speke and Woodford, for Calcutta [? Bengal], India, June) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Kavangah and members of his band performed in the Sydney Amateur Concerts, which ran from June 1826 to January 1827.

The band left for India with the earlier of two shipments in January 1827, and not with the headquarters in the later in November 1827.


Sydney John COTTON (commander of regiment, until April 1825)

William STEWART (commander of the regiment; lieutenant governor, NSW, from December 1825)


Thomas KAVANAGH (sergeant and master of the band, sergeant)


Zachariah BERRY


William BOOTH

William KAVANAGH (bandsman, Thomas's brother)

Harry KEYSER (bandsman)

Henry LINCOLN (bandsman)

John MAY (bandsman)

Thomas MYLETT (bandsman)

John SULLIVAN (bandsman)

Edward WHITE (bandsman, discharged 26 February 1826)


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

"POSTSCRIPT", Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (16 August 1823), 2

"SHIP NEWS" and [News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1823), 2 

On Friday afternoon last arrived from England and Hobart Town, the ship Commodore Hayes, with the Head-quarters and Staff of the 3d Infantry (Buffs) ... The Head-quarters of His Majesty's 3d Regiment (Buffs), under the command of Captain Cotton, were disembarked on Saturday afternoon last. The grenadier company of that Regiment received their military brethren, with the usual honors, on the King's Wharf. As soon as the Colours were landed, the troops marched to their quarters in the Barracks the full Band of the 3d Regiment playing the whole of the way.

[News], The Australian (27 January 1827), 3 

The band of the Buffs embarked on Thursday.

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 January 1827), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Cannon, Historical records of the British Army: the Third Regiment of Foot, or the Buffs (London: Longman, Orme & Company and William Clowes & Sons, 1838), 241-42;view=1up;seq=299 

The regiment remained in Ireland nearly three years ... In the early part of September [1821] it embarked at Dublin and sailed to Liverpool ... The services of the regiment were now destined to be transferred to New South Wales, whither it proceeded by detachments as guards over convicts ... the last detachment reached its destination in August, 1823.

The regiment was stationed at various parts of New South Wales until the beginning of 1827. In 1825 its 1825 establishment was augmented to ten companies, consisting of forty-two Serjeants, fourteen drummers, thirty-six corporals, and seven hundred and four private men; and in 1826 it was further augmented to eleven companies, consisting of sixty-three Serjeants, twenty-two drummers, fifty-eight corporals, and nine hundred and fifty private men.

In 1827 the services of the regiment were transferred 1827 to the East Indies; one wing embarked from Sydney on the 23rd of January, 1827, and arrived at Bengal in June ...

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/3rd Foot", Australia's red coat regiments 

"Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)", Wikipedia

Band of the 40th Regiment (first tour, 1824-28)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 October 1824 (per Mangles, from Portsmouth, 13 July [? 14 June])

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 8 February 1826 (per John, from Sydney, 26 January) and 15 February 1826 (per Medway, from Sydney, 4 February)

Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 25/29 September 1828 (per Phoenix, for Bombay) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Henry THORNTON (colonel; commander of the regiment)


Joseph REICHENBERG (master of the band)

? ? ? (band sergeant)

Edward MORIARTY (bandsman, French horn player)

James WADE (bandsman, d.1825)


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (28 October 1824), 2 

Colonel THORNTON, of H. M. 40th Regiment, with the Headquarters of that fine body of men, has arrived per the Mangles. The disembarkation took place yesterday afternoon at three o'clock. The detachment of the 40th already here, paraded under arms on the king's wharf, in order to welcome their "brethren in arms" on the distant shores of Australia. The 3d Regt, and other Troops, were drawn up in Barrack Square to welcome their companions.

"SERIOUS ACCIDENT", The Australian (28 July 1825), 4 

A very melancholy accident happened on Monday morning by the overturning of the Eclipse Coach, on leaving Sydney. The coach was proceeding down the Brickfield Hill at rather a quick pace, when a bullock cart suddenly crossed the road. The coachman endeavoured to avoid it by, pressing forward at an encreased rate, but was unable to effect his purpose. The coach came in contact with the cart, and after hanging on a balance for a short distance, fell over with a tremendous crash which broke in the side. One man, a musician of the band of the 40th, was killed almost on the spot; for he died within a very short time after he fell - his skull being fractured. Another is not expected to survive; and three or four more are most dreadfully bruised. There were sixteen persons on the outside, and six inside. Eleven of them were of the 40th's band, who were proceeding to assist in the ceremony of laying the first stone of the Mills and Steam Engine Buildings about to be erected by Mr. John Raine, in that neighbourhood ... Not a single person it is said except the guard escaped without receiving more or less of injury. The musician who was killed was a very valuable man, and is much regretted by Colonel Thornton. It is a great misfortune that the act of kindness on the part of the Colonel should have been attended with such fatal results; but it is quite impossible to attach the most remote blame to him for consenting to lend the services of the band on the occasion ... A Coroner's Inquest was held at Hill's Tavern on Tuesday and Wednesday last, upon the body of James Wade, belonging to the band of the 40th. The man died after being removed to the General Hospital, after the accident. Verdict - accidental death.

"New South Wales", Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (10 February 1826), 4 

Letters and Newspapers have reached us to the 30th, inclusive, by the John, in which vessel arrived part of the band and of the corps of drummers, and a detachment of the 40th Regiment, under the command of Captain Stewart. - The remainder, we understand, may be daily expected in the Medway. Although a considerable numerical addition is made to our Military force, yet it is but little effectively increased; for when the band, the drummers, the taylors, and all the other non-combatant odds and ends of a regimental head-quarters are taken into the account, we believe that when the detachment of the 57th goes away, we shall not have so many bayonets for field use, as we have at present. But the great point will be gained - the object which we have all along perfectly understood. We now have a Regiment here! ...

"Dinner to Major Abbott", Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (10 February 1826), 3 

... Several excellent songs were given by different Gentlemen, particularly by Mr. Roberts and Mr. Deane, who with some other amateurs, sung favourite catches and glees, in a manner which afforded ample compensation for the want of the newly arrived Band of the 40th Regt., which, we lament to say, was refused ...

"Ship News", Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (17 February 1826), 2 

Arrived on Wednesday the ship Medway, Capt. Wight, from Sydney, having on board the remainder of the head-quarters of the 40th Regiment. - Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Assistant Commissary General Moodie, Mr. E. P. Smith, and Mr. Wright ; Capt. Moore, Lieut. Miller, and about 15 of the 40th Regt. Band included.

"THE BAND", Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (24 March 1826), 3 

We are sorry to observe that the Band (of the advantages of which so much was said) is not permitted to perform any longer on the Sunday evenings. We understand that the sanctity of the day was considered to be interrupted. We hope His Majesty will adopt this arrangement at Windsor, and that the Bands of the Guards will not longer be permitted to entertain the Terrace visitors, according to long established, but obviously improper custom.

[News], Colonial Times (27 February 1829), 2 

On Wednesday morning last, the Grenadiers, the 4th, the 6th (and the privates of the 3d) Companies of the 40th Regt., embarked on board the Prince George, to join the Headquarters of that Regiment at Bombay.

On Monday evening, His Excellency Lieutenant Governor ARTHUR gave the Officers of the 40th Regiment a Farewell Dinner, at the Government House, previously to their departure for Head-quarters at Bombay - marking his high sense of their strict military discipline.

Bibliography and resources:

R. H. Raymond Smythies, Historical records of the 40th (2nd Somersetshire) Regiment ... from its formation in 1717, to 1893 (Devonport: A. H. Swiss, 1894), 215-30 

[226] ... On 10th June, 1828, Colonel Arthur again inspected the regiment ... The inspection report is ... very satisfactory. In his general remarks, Colonel Arthur says: "From the hostile spirit manifested by the Aborigines, the 40th Regiment has occupied in considerable force the frontiers of the settled districts of the Colony, which, together with the protection of the penal settlements, has kept the corps in full activity, and, indeed, exposed the men to very severe duty ...

B. and M. Chapman, "40th Regiment Foot", Australia's red coat regiments 

"40th (the 2nd Somersetshire) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

Band of the 57th Regiment (1826-31)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 March 1826 (per Sesostris, from Portsmouth, 30 [? 4] November 1825)

Departed Sydney, NSW, 1/2 March 1831 (per Resource, for Madras, India, 15 May) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Sippe and members of his band performed in the Sydney Amateur Concerts, which ran from June 1826 to January 1827.


Thomas SHADFORTH (lieutenant-colonel, commander of the regiment, until November 1828)

ALLAN (commander, from November 1828)


John BOYLE (drum major)


George SIPPE (master of the band, 1825-1831)


James CALDWELL (band master, later ? c.1850s)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 March 1826), 2 

Yesterday morning arrived from England, with 147 male prisoners on board, having lost three on the voyage, the ship Sesostris, Captain Drake. She sailed from Portsmouth the 30th of November, and comes direct. The Surgeon Superintendent, Dr. Dalhunty, R. N. The guard comprises a detachment of the 57th Regt, under orders of Major Campbell and Ensign Benton. The Band of the 57th joins its Corps by this opportunity.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 February 1831), 3 

The band of the 57th Regiment leave us with the head quarters in a few days, when the band of the 17th will immediately supply their place in Sydney.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 March 1831), 2 

The first division of the 57th regiment, including bend-quarters and the band, embarked on board the Resource, at an early hour on Tuesday morning [1 March].

Bibliography and resources:

H. J. Warre, Historical records of the Fifty-seventh, or, West Middlesex Regiment of Foot ... from the date of its formation in 1755 to the present time, 1878 ... (London: W. Mitchell, 1878), 73-77 

During the time the Regiment was stationed in New South Wales, from 1825 to the latter end of 1830, it was very much scattered, having large detachments at Norfolk Island, Melvill Island, Moreton Bay, and Van Dieman's Land. Head-quarters were constantly at Sydney ...

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/57th Foot (West Middlesex) Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"57th (West Middlesex) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

Band of the 39th Regiment (1827-32)

Arrived Sydney, 17/18 September 1827 (per Cambridge, from England, 26 April 1827, from Dublin, 2 June)

Departed Sydney, 21 July 1832 (per John, for Madras, India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Patrick LINDESAY (colonel, commander; acting governor, NSW, 1831)


Francis GEE (master of the band)


Stephen TURNER (bandsman)


"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Monitor (23 August 1827), 3 

THE Cambridge with Lieut. Col. Lindsay, and the Head Quarters of the 39th Regt. is now the first ship looked for from Europe. The Band of the 39th Regt. is said to be one of the finest attached to any regiment of the line, the Guards excepted. Some time ago the public were indulged with the performance of the Military Band in the Barrack Square, which was thrown open as a promenade. This pleasing custom has however become obsolete. We hope the above mentioned arrival will have the effect of restoring this popular gratification to the admirers of martial music.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (19 September 1827), 2 

On Monday last arrived, from Dublin, which she left the 2d of June last, the ship Cambridge ... The organ of St. James's church has arrived by the Cambridge. The Head-quarters, with the very fine band of the 39th Regiment, under the command of Colonel LINDSEY, C. B. landed yesterday morning, from the Cambridge, and marched to their quarters at the barracks.

[News], The Australian (13 February 1828), 3 

Monday and Thursday, in place of Tuesday and Friday, are by a new regulation the evenings set apart for the bands of the 39th and 57th regiments to play on the promenade where the obelisk stands in Macquarie-place.

[News], The Australian (23 July 1828), 3 

The bands of the 39th and 57th Regiments still continue to play alternately for an hour or so on the Monday and Thursday evening in every week. The number of listeners usually attracted by the melody can not be called considerable. It is not to be wondered at; the place where the bands invariably play, is not looked upon as a public promenade. It would conduce more to the general recreation were either band directed to play in some part of the Government demense, or on Hyde-park, or some other public place, whither every decent person might have free resort, and enjoy music, and wholesome and agreeable exercise at the same time.

[News], The Australian (17 September 1828), 4 

Two of the band of the 39th regiment are in charge of the military, and about to undergo the ordeal of a Court Martial, for riotous conduct a few evenings ago, in which they drew their side arms, and threatened violence with them towards a certain Magistrate who had entered the public-house, where they were drinking, if he did not walk away. The Magistrate beat a retreat; but shortly after managed to get both fifer and drummer safely caged.

"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (23 January 1830), 3 

The band of the 39th regiment and the guard were on Monday scattered like chaff before the wind as they were on their way to relieve the main-guard; a bullock attached to a dray, not much admiring the call of the big drum, dashed into the group, and caused the peninsular heroes to fly in all directions.

"To The Editor of The Australian", The Australian (27 August 1830), 5 

SIR, - The following lines were written, on hearing the 39th band, of which Mr. Gee is the master, play the popular air of "Sweet Home," in the barrack-yard, on Sunday evening, 15th. Aug. If acceptable, please to give them a corner in your entertaining columns, and oblige your's, Z.

What heavenly strains, are those I hear,
Stealing on the evening's breeze--
Such melting notes, ne'er struck mine ear
Before, to sooth the heart and give it ease.
Hark! 'Tis sweet home! list again--that strain
How true's the chord that lulls severest pain.

Sweet Home! Justice now is done thee,
Ne'er were you touched so sweetly before,
Oh, how that cadence steals upon me,
It remembrance brings of days of yore;
While solus plays the mellow bassoon,
And then all strike in, so well in tune.

"If music be the food of love,
Play on," of it I ne'er would tire;--
'Twas surely sent from realms above.
Poor mortals on earth, to inspire.
Then play on, what e'er the key--be B or C,
All must be pleasing from the key of G.


[News], The Sydney Monitor (11 December 1830), 4 

The Band of the 39th Regt. has received an augmentation of 15, in lieu of the buglers who were lately broken up.

"ANNIVERSARY DINNER", The Sydney Monitor (28 January 1832), 2 

... Several other toasts were drunk in the course of the evening, and the band of the 39th regt. (14 strong), which was kindly lent by the Colonal, contributed greatly to the pleasure of the party.

"MILITARY EXECUTION", The Australian (6 April 1832), 3

... They marched round by the foot of the Battery, and on reaching the Slaughter-house-Point, halted, and formed in the segment of a square of three sides, facing inwards. The death warrant was then read, the band of the 39th struck up the dead march in Saul, and after the unfortunate culprit had passed some further time in acts of devotion, the firing party, consisting of a dozen picked men were ordered to advance. The soldier knelt upon his coffin, and in this position, received the fatal shot. The effect was instantaneous, he fell dead, upon his face, on the coffin. The body was there interred.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 July 1832), 3 

About four hundred of the 39th regiment embarked on Saturday morning. They left the Barracks about six o'clock, and marched along Cumberland-street, the band playing the old air usual on such occasions "the Girl I left behind me." On their way they were cheered by some of the towns people, in reply to which they struck up Burns' "Farewell" and proceeded round by the fort to the Dock Yard, from which the boats conveyed them to their respective ships. The grenadier and light companies, with the staff and band, occupy the John, under the command of Colonel Lindesay ...

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Cannon, Historical record of the Thirty-ninth, or the Dorsetshire Regiment of Foot: containing an account of the formation of the regiment in 1702, and of its subsequent services to 1853 (London: Parker, Furnivall, and Parker, 1853), 66-72 

B. and M. Chapman, "1/39th Foot (Dorsetshire) Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"39th (Dorsetshire) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

Band news (UK)

[Advertisement], Dublin Evening Packet and Correspondent (3 November 1829), 2

BAND MASTER. WANTED, for a Regiment at the Cape of Good Hope, a BAND MASTER. He will be required to instruct one of the Band in leading and arranging. None but a person of first-rate ability, and who can produced highly favorable testimonials, need apply. The person's age, terms, and full information, on all points, to be addressed to the Acting Paymaster, Reserve Companies, 98th Regiment, Clare Castle.

[Advertisement, Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier (17 September 1829), 1

A BAND MASTER, WANTED for the 65th Regiment, under orders of the West Indies. To a person fully quallified in every respect, and none others need apply, most liberal terms will be given, which can be known at the Office of this Paper; or at FERMOY BARRACKS. Fermoy Barracks, Sept. 17.

"A List and Descrption of Deserters from His Majesty's Service, War Office, June 6, 1829", Police Gazette (6 June 1829), 2-3

... John Wright / 42d Highlanders / [originally from] Alsegar, Chester / [trade] turner / [age] 32 / ... stout / stoops in walking; was band master, plays clarionet & violin / [place deserted] Gibraltar / [wearing uniform] ...

[Advertisement], Southern Reporter and Cork Commercial Courier (22 March 1831), 3

59TH REGIMENT. WANTED, PERFORMERS on the following Instruments for the BAND of the 59th Regiment: - 1st HORN, TWO CLARIONETS, and FLUTE. to Performers on the abover Instruments desirous of Enlisting, a Gratuity of £25 for a 1st HORN, and £20 for each CLARIONET, and a FLUTE will be given on attestation and approval by the Band Master. None need apply who are not proficient on their respective Instruments. Bitt Barracks, 8th March 1831.

[Advertisement], Morning Post [London] (23 May 1832), 1

BAND MASTER. WANTED, for the 74th Regiment, a BAND MASTER. None but those whose chachater and abilities will bear the strictest examination need apply. Address (post paid) to the President, Band Committee, 74th Regiment, Templemore, Ireland.

Band of the 63rd Regiment (1829-33)

? Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), August 1829 (per Georgiana, from Sydney, 29 July)

Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 28 December 1833 (per Lord Lyndoch, for India, via Sydney) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The Band was already reportedly in Hobart in November 1829, at least five months prior to the arrival of the regimental headquarters in March 1830


Joseph LOGAN (colonel, commander)


William WILLIAMS (master of the band)

Mr. CASSIDY (band sergeant, keyed bugle player)


John BEVERIDGE (bandsman, d. 1831)

Mr. BROWN (? bandsman, violinist)

Mr. HICKSON (bandsman, flute-player)


John MITCHELL (bugler)


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (18 April 1829), 2 

The Vibilia ... Prince Regent, Murphy, and Orelia, Hudson, may all be shortly expected from London, besides three transport ships, one with the head quarters and band of the 63d.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (1 August 1829), 2 

Arrived on Sunday the bark Georgiana, 403, Thomson, from Sydney 12th July, (chartered to convey the 40th regt, to India), with the head quarters and band of the 63d, (who arrived out in the prison ship Waterloo to Sydney) ...

"The Zanteote Lovers", Launceston Advertiser (2 November 1829), 4 

In spite of Zurelli's entreaties, Gerasimo joined an English regiment then in Zante, as a performer on the keyed bugle. I think I see him now under the windows of the Government House, with his bright scarlet turban and shining tinselled vest. Gerasimo was the best performer on his instrument in the band of the __ th regiment ...

"Men of colour" were frequently to be found in British bands, and though there is little specific evidence of them in Australia, this reference to the recent short story The Zanteote lovers (first appeared in print in 1828) may be such.

"Paul Pry in Hobart Town", Launceston Advertiser (23 November 1829), 4 

... Och! Och! cried I putting my hands to my ears as I went to hear the Band of the 63rd Regiment of foot amusing the Cockneys of Hobart town on Wednesday last on Cottage green. Do have some mercy on your lungs my good fellows - music does not depend on noise alone - clash and jingle may be very good accompaniments in their places - but this infernal clamour is neither warlike nor harmonious - breathe soft ye strains, and crack not the bags of AEolus - Mr. Band Master, tell your Pipers to learn a little piano as well as forte.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (19 December 1829), 2 

Arrived on Monday the 14th the ship Surry, 461 tons, Charles Kemp, commander, from London the 11th August, with 199 male prisoners ... Passengers Quarter master Cart and lady, Mrs. Stephenson, 1 sergeant, 4 corporals, 2 privates, and report states 9 of the band, all belonging to the 63d regiment ...

[News], Colonial Times (22 October 1830), 2

A Correspondent has noticed to us "that some of the band boys of the 63d regiment, have but little to do at the present crisis. Would it not be as well, under existing circumstances, to call upon them to assist or partly relieve the inhabitants in their arduous duties of guarding the town?"

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (23 April 1831), 2 

The concert at Mr. J. P. Deane's on Wednesday evening was well attended, and gave very general satisfaction.

While on the subject of music we cannot omit here recording our opinion of the improvement in the performances of the band of the 63rd, since the arrival of that regiment in the colony. So indeed it was with the band of the 40th, which improved so much under Mr. Reiehenberg's instruction, previous to embarking for India, that it could scarcely be recognised as the same that originally came out raw from England, and Mr. Williams appears equally successful with that of the 63rd. Most of the modern and fashionable pieces are now played by them with much taste and correctness. There is something indeed in the clear, elastic atmosphere of Van Diemen's land which seems to improve the tone, and to add in some degree to the charms of music. We hope to see the science more cultivated than it has hitherto been in the colony. It is one of the most innocent recreations of social life.

{news], The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (5 November 1833), 2 

We understand, that the next concert given in Hobart Town will be for the benefit of Mrs. Taylor. We think we may venture to predict a full house. It should certainly take place before the very able band of the 63d Regiment leaves the Colony. We shall greatly miss these talented young men at our concerts.

"THE 63RD REGIMENT", The Austral-Asiatic Review (31 December 1833), 2 

The Head quarters in the Lyndoch and Major Brigg's detachment in the Isabella sailed on Saturday [28th]. The last division commanded by Major Fairclough will sail in the Aurora on Sunday. It is highly to the honor of that excellent regiment the 63rd, that in all parts of the Island, the same kindly feeling towards men and officers has been elicited ...

"THE SIXTY-THIRD REGIMENT", The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (7 January 1834), 3 

The third, and last division of this well conducted corps, embarked on board the Aurora, on Wednesday morning last, under the command of Major FAIRTLOUGH. They were accompanied by the brass band of the 21st Regiment, and the Highland Piper ... They are now gone, but not without leaving a few of their old and efficient non-commissioned Officers as Civilians amongst us - men who, by their conduct and frugality, acquired that for themselves, after a long and arduous service, which will, we sincerely hope, waft them down the current of life with ease and tranquillity.


One of our oldest inhabitants remembers the band of the 63rd Regiment (now 1st Manchester) about the year 1828 [sic]. Williams was band-master. The instruments used at that period were principally the key-bugle and the serpent (bass). There was a band sergeant named Cassidy, who was an expert on the former; he was often seen taking his rambles around the town playing his bugle. The 63rd left Tasmania in December, 1833.

Bibliography and resources:

James Slack, The history of the Late 63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment (London: Army and Navy Cooperative Society, 1884), 65-73 

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/63rd Foot (West Suffolk) Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

63rd (West Suffolk) Regiment of Foot, Wikipedia 

Band of the 17th Regiment (1831-36)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 February 1831 (per York, from Portsmouth, 29 September 1830)

Departed Sydney, NSW, 5 March 1836 (per John Barry, for Bombay, India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Henry DESPARD (colonel, commander)


Thomas LEWIS (master of the band)




"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (9 February 1831), 4 

On the 7th inst. the York (ship), 429 tons, 33 men, Leary master, left London the 4th and Portsmouth the 29th September, with 200 male prisoners, two died on the voyage. Casmpbell France, Esq. Surgeon. Superintendent. The Guard consists of Colonel Despard, 40 rank and file, and band of the 17th regiment.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 February 1831), 3 

The good people of Parramatta express themselves highly delighted at having the band of the 17th regiment stationed among them.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 February 1831), 3 

The band of the 57th Regiment leave us with the head quarters in a few days, when the band of the 17th will immediately supply their place in Sydney.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 February 1831), 2 

The band of the 17th regiment will march into Sydnev on Monday next.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 March 1831), 2 

The band of the 17th regiment follow the old plan of playing the bugles alternated with the drums and fifes every evening, which have a very pleasing effect.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (27 April 1831), 2 

The band of the 17th regiment play in the barrack-yard every Thursday evening in lieu of Sunday. As a drawing-room band they excel, their selections being good, but it seems to want power for the field. They are provided with Key's patent valve horns, which enables them to give precision in the tones which can with difficulty be arrived at on the old horn.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (28 November 1832), 2 

The band of the 17th regiment, the finest ever heard in this Colony, serenades the colonel and the inhabitants in the neighbourhood, every fine evening, with enchanting pieces of music. The people of Parramtatta complain that the band there is out of practice.

The 4th was then at Parramatta.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 July 1833), 2 

The inhabitants of Parramatta are much gratified at His Excellency the Governor being pleased to sanction Mr. MEREDITH and his corps dramatique to amuse them for a few nights. It is generally hoped, that Colonel DESPARD, will also be pleased to indulge not only Mr. MEREDITH, but his visitors, with the attendance of a part of the delightful band of the 17th. - From a Correspondent.

"Miscellaneous News", The Australian (22 July 1833), 3 

In consequence of an officer not proceeding along with the soldiers to the relief of guard, the public has been for some time deprived of daily enjoying the pleasure of the fine band of the 17th Regiment passing along George-street. We are glad to perceive that, they again regularly accompany it's guard, affording the inhabitants of George-street a rich treat every morning. This Regiment, which has lately returned from various parts of the interior, has been undergoing constant exercise by Colonel Despard in the Barrack Yard for some time past. They had their first field day on Thursday, on Hyde Park, and went through their evolutions with their usual precision.

"THE 17TH REGIMENT", The Sydney Herald (21 January 1836), 2 

We perceive by the Government Gazette, that His Majesty's 17th regiment, is about leaving the Colony; their departure, we are certain, will be regretted by most of the community, no previous regiment stationed amongst us having comported with so much credit to themselves, and satisfaction to the Colonists of New South Wales, as that of the 17th. The officers of this regiment have been remarkable for their gentlemanly conduct and mixing in the sports of the Colony; their excellent Band has also contributed much to amuse us, and the privates, in their sphere of acquaintance, have been esteemed for their general decent behaviour. The 17th regiment, whenever it leaves the Colony, will take with it the best wishes of the inhabitants.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (3 March 1836), 3 

The fine Band of the 17th Regiment, that has so long delighted the Colonists, played some new and beautiful airs for the last time on Sunday night last. They embark on Saturday for India, and will be long regretted by the people of Sydney.

"Domestic and Miscellaneous Intelligence", The Australian (11 March 1836), 2 

Military Movements ... The three Regiments marched to and from the barrack square nearly together, the three bands playing their regimental marches ...

On Sunday the 5th Maich, being the day appointed for the sailing of a part of the 17th Regiment for Bombay, at 11 a.m. the fine ship John Barry, Captain Robson, with the head quarters, band, men, women, and children, weighed anchor to the tune of "Rule Britannia," when they made sail with a fine breeze and worked out in gallant style, the band playing the most favoritu airs nearly the whole time. When abreast of Pinchgut two guns were fired from the ship and all hands gave three tremendous cheers. At three o'clock p.m. when she opened the Heads, several gentlemen, friends of the officers, left the ship, and were saluted with three cheers, which were answered by the cutter with three guns. It was truly grand to see this really fine ship entering between the Heads - the band playing "Should Auld Acquaintance," her sails all well set ... - Correspondent.

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Cannon, Historical record of the Seventeeth or the Leicestershire Regiment of Foot: containing an account of the formation of the regiment in 1688 and of its subsequent services to 1848 (London: Parker, Furnivall, & Parker, 1848), 39 

Rushworth 1988, 23

... Letters from the Revd. Samuel Marsden to the Colonial Secretary in 1835 reveal that the band of the 17th Regiment was then "assisting the Choir of St. John's Church during divine service." Marsden's letter of 9 February sought the Governor's authority for reimbursement of £3 paid to the band while stationed at Parramatta, "and that a small allowance may continue to be granted for a similar service to the Band in attendance". When the Governor [Bourke] demurred, Marsden wrote again on 8 April 1835 explaining that "a certain sum varying from £10 to £20 per Annum, has always been granted for this service; and of late owing to the death of the principal singer and the departure or absence of others, only a few shillings have been charged on this account, until by the permission of Colonel Despard, the band of the 17th Regt. were engaged, for whose services the amount in question was requested to be sanctioned. I trust that in future a fixed allowance may be granted for the Musicians and Singers in my church. (State Archives NSW, Colonial Secretary, in-letters, Archdeacon, 1835, 35/1074, 35/2663 in 4/2266.1)

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/17th Foot (Leicestershire) Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"Royal Leicestershire Regiment", Wikipedia 

Band of the 4th Regiment (1832-37)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 27 August 1832 (per Clyde, from Portsmouth, 9 May, and part of the band on another transport)

Departed Sydney, NSW, 9 August 1837 (per John, for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Major ENGLAND (commander)

Lieutenant Colonel MACKENZIE


George COLEMAN (master of the band)


James WATERS (bandsman)

William WESTROP (? bandsman, ? flute player)


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (23 April 1831), 2 

The fourth regiment of foot (the King's own) is expected to be the next that will embark in the prison ships, to perform their sojourn of 4 or 5 years in these colonies, previous to going on to India. It is not more than 8 or 9 years since the 17th returned to England from India. The 4th regt. has latterly been doing duty in Scotland.

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (1 September 1832), 3 

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 September 1832), 3 

Part of the band belonging to the King's Own sailed with the Adjutant, in another vessel, before the departure of the Clyde.

"Domestic Intelligence", The Sydney Monitor (1 September 1832), 2 

A select Subscription Ball is to take place at Nash's Long room, Parramatta, on Friday next. The band of the 4th regiment, which is to be stationed Parramatta to enliven the town, will play at the ball; and Nash's well known tact and liberality in arrangements of this kind, will no doubt ensure a numerous attendance. Balls henceforward are to be given periodically.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (27 May 1833), 3 

A company of the 4th regiment, with the band marched into Sydney from Parramatta on Thursday last.

"THE PEOPLE AND THE SUNDAY. To the Editor", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 September 1833), 3 

To the Editor of the Sydney Gazette,

Salus populi, summa lex esto

The welfare of the people shall be the highest law.

We were very much delihgted for the sake of our community (under which words we understand ever that lively interest, that a man of principles shall take for those with whom he is destined to live, and with whom he is connected by so many ties) - we were, I said, very much delighted to hear the band of the 4th Regiment playing on Sundays afternoon publicly in the Military Barracks. Abstracting here from the higher signification of music, as for instance from Pythagoras, who says that the world was created by the harmony of the spheres; or the Mythology of the Ancients, which let Orpheus move even stones and rocks by the tunes of his lyre, Music is, at any rate a noble, innocent, and exalting pleasure for the human mind. Pray, Sir, what shall our free apprentice? pray what shall the decent assigned servant, to whom his master might give an hours leave of absence - what shall they do on Sunday afternoon? Their mind wants not only exaltation or compunction - man's mind wants relaxation and recreation. Not even Sterne or Chalmers flattered themselves to attract man's mind for an entire day - I am sure of it; far less - exempla sunt odiosa. Now our boys and decent servants shall not even play the Sundays upon the Racecourse - a great part of them being people who like tailors, shoemakers, &c. - are compelled to sit all the week over. This I call a cruel politic. Nevertheless, the law exists, and shall be observed, as long as we are not able, by legal means, to change it.

At any rate, we should recollect sometime, that we live now, and that much more our children are destined to live - under the climate and the sky of Greece and Sicily; and that therefore many regulations, which may be appropriated under the vapourous, smoky and frozen heavens of Great Britain, are quite out of tune in Australasia. Wherever may be the intelligent instigator of our revived Sunday music, his name shall be reverenced to all that people who are not rich enough to have large parties every Sunday. I am. Sir, &c. JOHN LHOTSKY.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 February 1834), 2 

Several respectable persons have lately asked us, what has become of the band of the 4th? It is no longer heard even at the main-guard, at the "relief," as formerly. We understand that it plays, as usual, in the Barrack-square, in the afternoon of Thursdays; but we would suggest to Col. McKenzie, that many persons regret the change from Macquarie Place, where the public used to be gratified by music and a promenade weekly. Many ladies who would otherwise be present, do not like to walk in the Barrack-square.

"To the Editors", The Australian (3 February 1834), 3 

GENTLEMEN, - It is said to be in contemplation to permit the Band of the 4th Regiment to play once every week, in the square opposite the huuse of the Colonial Secretary in Macquarie Place. If this really be the case, Colonel Mackenzie will confer on the Ladies of Sydney, an entertainment which cannot fail to engage their attendance to a spot, where, they will not be subject to the insults of those who assemble at Barrack Yard every Sunday, not so much to hear the music (which they cannot appreciate) as to stare, and pass remarks, with impudence, on any lady that may make her appearance, I am Gentlemen, Your, obedient Servant, L. M. N. S. January 29, 1834.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (6 March 1834), 2 

We were agreeably surprised on Tuesday by the band of the "King's Own" playing the relief to the Main Guard, according to the old custom.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (15 March 1834), 2 

The band of the 4th Regiment have made astonishing improvement since they came to Sydney. Their instruments, however, are not equal to those of the 17th.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (2 June 1834), 3 

The Head Quarters of the 17th Regiment will march into Sydney this day, and the Head Quarters and band of the 4th proceed at the same time to Parramatta.

"Saint Andrew's Day", The Sydney Monitor (3 December 1834), 2 

... The Band of the 17th regt. was in attendance, and by the manner in which they played the different airs, greatly enhanced the evening's entertainment; a corporal of the 4th. regt also played several appropriate national tunes on the bagpipes, which several gentlemen said were played with great taste.

"Domestic and Miscellaneous Intelligence", The Australian (8 March 1836), 2 

Last Friday was a busy day with the Military, - the inhabitants of Sydney being entertained with the novelty of seeing the head quarters of three different Regiments - the 4th, 17th, and 28th, march in and out of town. From the long continued good conduct and peaceable disposition of the 17th, they will be regretted as long as that gallant regiment is remembered by those who have an opportunity of knowing them. The band of the 4th Regiment commenced operations on Saturday last, and bids fair to rival in sweetness that of the 17th. If they contrive to be placed on a par with them, it will be a feather in their cap. We noticed that the Battalion companies wear the new regulation tufts - certainly an improvement on the former one.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (16 March 1836), 2 

CONCERT. - Mrs. Chester and Mrs. Taylor give a Concert at the Royal Hotel this evening ... Major England, the commanding officer of the 4th Regiment, has given permision to Mr. Colman and the band of that regiment to attend.

Through the urbanity of Major England, the large gates leading into the Barrack Yard, from George-street, are open to the public until 8 o'Clock in the Evening, for the purpose of affording them an opportunity of hearing the Bugle Band of the 4th. Regiment.

"To the Editor", The Australian (25 March 1836), 2 

To the Editor of the Australian.

SIR, I hasten to contradict a mistake in yesterday's Sydney Herald, to the effect, that the Band of H. M. IVth (or King's Own) Regiment did not play the customary portion of national airs on St. Patrick's Day; and imputing their omission to the order of the Commanding Officer of the Corps. With what motive such a gross misstatement could have been put forth, I know not; except it be for the purpose of gratifying the conductors of the Sydney Herald in their periodical sneers at every thing Hibernian; but I beg leave to acquaint you, for the information of that portion of the public of Australia, who might be misled by this statement, that the following Airs were played by the King's Own Regiment, on the Anniversary of Erin's Patron Saint; viz.

On Trooping the Guard - "Savourneen Deelish" (slow time)
Returning back - "St. Patrick's Day" (quick time)
Marching the Guard through the Town - "Planzty Connor" [Planxty Connor]
Returning from ditto - "Garry Owen"

With a statement of these facts, I beg to subscribe myself, Sir, Your most obedient Servant, G. COLEMAN, BANDMASTER, H.M. IVth (or King's Own) Regiment, Sydney Barracks, March 24th, 1836.

[News], The Australian (17 May 1836), 2 

The band of the 4th Regt. are enjoying for the present, the benefit of Mr. Wallace's tuition; the improvement made by this band during their sojourn at Parramatta is very perceptible, as well as creditable to Mr. Coleman, the Master, and this "finishing stroke" from the hands of Mr. Wallace will enable them with success to rival their predecessors of the 17th. The bands of the 4th and of the 28th Regiments will be in attendance at the Government House Ball on the 30th instant.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 June 1836), 3 

We are sorry to observe, that at the meeting of Masonic members announced for Friday next at the St. John's Tavern, to celebrate the festival of St. John the Baptist, they have not availed themselves of the service of those individuals who make music a profession, in lieu of a part of the band of the 4th or King's Own. We love to see talent duly encouraged wherever it can be met with, and we fully appreciate that of the excellent band of the 4th; still private musical talent in such cases should most fairly have the preference.

[News], The Australian (12 August 1836), 2 

We are happy to notice, as it indicates the progress of the Colonists in the attainment of a taste for something more elevated than the plodding considerations of pounds, shillings, and pence, the liberal encouragement that the Professors of Music have received at their numerous Concerts, following, as they recently have, in such rapid succession one after another; which is, in a great measure, to be attributed to the munificent patronage awarded on various occasions by His Excellency Sir Richard Bourke, whoso example is decisive, from his prominent situation and deserved popularity, to make either the support or the neglect of such entertainments (not withstanding their admitted rationality) fashionable. His regard for the promotion of whatever may be productive of benefit to the Colony has inducod Mr. Coleman, the talented master of the excellent band of the Fourth Regiment, to propose a concert to take place on the 17th instant, at the Royal, and which His Excellency has been pleased to patronise. The claims of Mr. Coleman to the encouragement of the community are not exceeded by those of any of the musical professors who have hitherto presented themselves. The band of which he is master (and also, with one or two individual exceptions, the teacher - the performers in which having been brought, by his exertions, to their present proficiency, during their residence in New South Wales) has been always, by the permission of the Commanding Officer, and latterly by Major England in particular, at the service of the Public - whether at concerts, balls, dinners, or even at the Theatre - a period of upwards of four years, the music having been invariably prepared and arranged by Mr. Coleman. For these services we understand Mr. C. has not received the slightest remuneration, pecuniary or other; and he now rightly judges that his turn has arrived to reap some advantage from the taste the Colonists have latterly evinced for musical entertainments, in the formation of which taste he had taken so prominent a part. We can promise the Public that they will have something new, at the forthcoming Concert. Of its quality, our readers will be able to form an opinion for themselves, both from the general performances of the band, and from the fact that the name of every professor in the Colony is to be found in the list of performers, as advertised in another column. Mr. Coleman may rest satisfied that the Public are not unmindful of his claim upon them, and will support him accordingly.

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Monitor (26 July 1837), 2 

We perceive by an advertisemet in another column that Mr. Wallace has consented to give a Concert on Tuesday evehing next, we are informed it is at the particular desire of some of the first classes in Sydney. Major England has consented to permit the band of the 4th to attend for the last time previous to their departure for India. The Glee singers of this band have proced favorites with the public, and it is expected there will be a full attendance.

[News], The Australian (8 August 1837), 3 

The head quarters of the 4th Regiment will depart for India, in the John, tomorrow, and consists of Major England (commanding officer), Captain Chetwode, Captain Burn (paymaster), Dr. Lewis, Adjutant Espinasse, Lieutenant Moneypenny, Ensigns Short, Hext, Wilby, and 232 privates & non-commissioned officers, including the band, and Mr. Coleman, the band-master.

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Cannon, Historical record of The Fourth, or, The King's Own Regiment of Foot (London: Longman, Orme, & Company and William Clowes & Sons, 1839), 140 

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/4th Foot (Lancaster) King's Own Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster)", Wikipedia's_Own_Royal_Regiment_(Lancaster)

Band of the 21st Regiment (Royal Scots Fusiliers) (1833-39)

Regiment arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 10 December 1833 (per Lord Lyndoch, from England, via Sydney, NSW)

Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 25 February 1839 (for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Colonel LEAHY (commander)



Angus McLEOD (master of the band)


John McLEOD (bandsman, viola player)


Michael QUIN (bugler)


[News], The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (6 August 1833), 3 

Accounts per the Enchantress have reached the Colony, stating that the Colonel and Band of the 21st regiment may be shortly expected here.

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (21 October 1833), 2 

The Lord Lyndoch has brought the Head Quarters and Band of the 21st Regiment; it is expected they will proceed to Hobart Town, per Indiana.


... During the dinner, the Piper of the Fusileers paraded up and dpwn the verandah, recalling by the the shrill sound of his pibroch, the recollection of the "Land of brown heath, and shaggy wood."

"POSTSCRIPT", The Austral-Asiatic Review (10 December 1833), 3 

2 o'clock, P. M. The Lyndoch has this moment anchored from Sydney this day week with COLONEL LEAHY, and the Head Quarters of the 21st Regiment. The Aurora with the remainder was to sail on Saturday, and may be daily expected. The Troops are to encamp on Macquarie Point, until the embarkation of the 63rd.

"63d Regiment", The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (24 December 1833), 4 

63d Regiment. THE REVIEW. This Regiment was reviewed for the last time in Van Diemen's Land prior to their departure for "India's sultry clime" on Friday ... EMBARKATION ... The morning was favourable - the bugles of the 21st, and their Highland Piper, gave their most popular airs to the departing Regiment; and their own sweet, and graceful band p!ayed amongst various effecting airs, "Auld Lange Syne," with tge most delightful expression ...

[News], Trumpeter General (24 December 1833), 2 

The bagpiper of the 21st. performs some favourite Scotch airs every afternoon at half past five, in the verandah of the barracks, dressed in the Highland garb. The brass band of this regiment is most perfect in its performance, and is well worth hearing.

[News], Trumpeter General (7 January 1834), 3 

The lovers of music should take a walk on a Sunday evening towards the Military Barracks, and listen to the delightful airs of the Brass Band of the 21st. It is quite a treat.

"THE SCOTS FUZILEERS", The Tasmanian (17 January 1834), 7-8 

Colonel Leahy has kindly applied to Mr. Hone for permission for the admirable band of the 21st regiment, to play in the area in front of his office, on the Wednesday and Sunday evenings of each week ... The manner in which Colonel Leahy is desirous of affording the inhabitants of this town the gratification, twice a week of hearing this delightful band of his regiment, proves quite sufficiently his desire to oblige. The 21st band, while the regiment was lately quartered at Windsor, was admitted to be equal at least to any of the household brigade - having been accustomed to compete for [8] hours with the bands of the Life and Foot Guards constantly on the Sunday evenings, and frequently daily. That part of Macquarie-street near the Government-house, will now become the favorite promenade of the inhabitants ...

"To the Editor", Colonial Times (21 January 1834), 6 

Sir, - Observing in the Tasmanian newspaper of last Friday, that the band of the 21st Fuzilleers is to play twice a week opposite the church, for the amusement of the nursery maids and children, and that one of the days is to be Sunday, I am induced to enquire whether they will be allowed thus to amuse the pretty dears during the afternoon service? As to the hasty assertion of the hasty Editor of that well conducted Journal, that the band of the 21st beat those of the Foot and Life Guards when at Windsor, there is little doubt of the fact, but he should have added that it was much in the same way as clocks and watches sometimes beat the sun!! Any one, who knows any thing of the household troops and their bands, are perfectly aware, that the remarks of the great Editor of the Tasmanian are all fudge. - I am, Sir, your obedient servant, BLARNEY. Cork Market.

"To the Editor", Colonial Times (28 January 1834), 5-6 

Sir, -As I take a walk every Sunday with my wife and children after Church, when it is fine, on passing the Barrack-square, yesterday, I was struck with the unusual appearance the place presented - when the 63d regiment were here, nothing of the kind was to be seen, and I do assure you, Mr. Editor, I felt the greatest indignation on seeing such a number of nice, respectable, beautiful young women parading the Barrack-square. How their parents or friends can allow it, is to me inconceivable. For my part, I should prefer seeing my children dead at my feet, rather than have their fair name sullied, or the finger of scorn pointed at them, from loss of character; and rest assured of it, Mr Editor, ruinous consequences will ensue in many, now respectable families, if this bagpiping and brass band-playing, be continued, so as to attract all the females to the barracks, on Sunday.

Many fathers of families have been already discussing the subject, and it is seriously in contemptation to address His Excellency the Lieutenant Governor, respectfully, on this important subject. It may be all very well, for both old and young unmarried officers, to sport with the feelings of fathers and mothers, by bringing woeful destruction on their innocent children; but, Mr. Editor, conceive the [6] agony of mind, the distraction of a parent when he beholds the females of his family run riot, and plunge headlong into ruin and misery, in consequence of the debauchery and depravity of those, who care for nothing on earth but their own base and selfish gratification. Pray Mr. Editor, dilate on this important subject. Point out to the innocent and unprotected, the danger they run in associating with those above them in rank. Their kindness, their smiles, their attention, are merely baits, thrown out to betray, and woe and destruction must attend the unfortunate girls who listen to the voice of these Syrens.--

I am, Sir, your obedient servant, ULYSSES.

[We shall recommend Ulysses to the next vacancy as Catechist. If he does not like the band and the barracks, and has daughters, let him send them elsewhere to preserve their morals.- ED.]

"To the Editor", Colonial Times (28 January 1834), 6 

Sir,- Well I know what the praising of the grand Band of the 21st would come to. Already, my prisoner women are beyond all endurance - they tell me to my face, if I do not let them have the Sunday afternoon to amuse themselves, by hearing the Band, and otherwise enjoying themselves in a little "innocent recreation" that I may at once turn them into the Factory. So it would appear, all the horrors of prison discipline has come to this, that I must either allow these women, who are entrusted to my charge, to run loose into every manner of debauchery, or truly, I shall lose their services. Is this, the end of the "worse than death system?" If things go on in this manner, the learned Editor of the Tasmanian, need not give himself further trouble, nor need to address my Lord Brougham on the horrors of transportation. The brass hand and the bagpipes of the 21st Fusileers, will settle the business.

-I am Sir, your obedient servant, A. CITIZEN.

[Both Citizen, and his compere, Ulysses are two old frumps; they have no taste for music, or they would not write such stuff.- ED.]

"THE REGATTA", The Tasmanian (28 February 1834), 6 

...The regulations to be observed this day will be found in the advertisement of tbe Committee in another page. In conformance with Resolution 10, Messrs. Murray and Wilson had the honour to wait upon Colonel Leahy, on the part of the Committee, to solicit the favor of the delightful band of this 21st regiment. That officer received them with the very utmost courtesy, and without the least hesitation not only accorded to them the object of their visit, but also that the brass band should besides be at their disposal - the one band to perform on shore, and the other afloat. Colonel Leahy added, that he should always be most happy to shew his desire to afford every facility in his power to the amusement or gratification of the inhabitants upon all public occasions. The very handsome manner in which this gallant officer, distinguished by as honourable a course of service as any in the British army (and that is saying quite sufficient), expressed himself upon this occasion, will add to the general esteem in which he is deservedly held, and which his whole Corps, men and officers, are daily more and more proving themselves entitled to.

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (12 June 1835), 2 

On Wednesday the half-yearly inspection of the troops in garrison took place, when his Excellency we learn was pleased to express his high approbation of the effective order and correct discipline of the forces. In addition we take this opportunity to pass a well deserved encomium on the sober, orderly, and exemplary conduct that has been uniformly shewn by the privates of the 21st regiment ever since its arrival in Hobart Town. The band in particular is deserving of praise. It is by far the best and most professional that has yet been in the colony, and does the Band-master Mr. Macleod much credit.

"THE 21st. BAND", The Tasmanian (11 December 1835), 7 

The Band of the 21st Fuzileers was heard to much advantage at the Church parade on Sunday, not having been overwhelmed by the drums. As in the 7th fuzileers the large and second drums, and both "sotto voce" were alone present, and on the march to and from the Church parade on Sunday, not having been overwhelmed by the drums, two very beautiful (we believe) Portuguese pieces, were well performed, and afforded the numerous presence much satisfaction. It is always highly gratifying to all old soldiers, to observe the military anxious to thus oblige the people, with whom they are domiciled.

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (5 July 1836), 7 

His Most Gracious Majesty manifested a most Kingly and parental solicitude, for the moral welfare of his loyal subjects in Van Diemen's Land, when he dispatched for their protection and support, the present ornamental regiment so free from the biting remarks which were made on its predecessor, that Van Diemen's Land seems to be ignorant of a regiment being stationed there at all, and even its excellent brass band appears to "waste its sweetness in the desert air," for except from the report of the officers no one knows that such is in existence. Different persons attribute different reasons for this regiment pursuing the even noiseless tenor of its way. It is quite clear that it does not intrude upon the religious feelings of the community, by causing "unholy liftings of the leg," as Mr. Macarthur has it, like the 63d used to do: some assign as a reason its having been stationed in Kent, which gave it a dislike to hops - others mention different circumstances to account for its dislike of balls. We understand it would he a rare sight to see these Lions at feeding time, if indeed they ever feed. There are some Lions attached to the concern, but they are few and far removed. - Correspondent.

"The Regatta", Bent's News and Tasmanian Register (7 December 1838), 3 

...Both the bands of the 21st Fusileers were in attendance, and played some agreeable waltzes; but, decidedly the most amusing performance of the day in the musical way, was that of the celebrated Yankee song, so classically y'clept "Jem Crow" by the Brass Band; it was received, as the Theatrical critics would say, with "unbounded applause" and, we observed that His Excellency enjoyed it with a most vivacious relish ...

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (11 December 1838), 6-7 

We understand, that the head-quarters of the 80th Regiment, now at Sydney, may be shortly expected here. We hear, also, great praise and admiration of the Band, which, we are told, is both numerous and effective. One worthy gentleman of our acquaintance is in raptures at the mere anticipation of its arrival, and assures us, that it is vastly superior to the Band of the 21st. For our part, (and we pretend to be rather judges of music, as well as musicians) we are quite content with our present performers, who add, also to their musical abilities, good and quiet conduct. The Band-master, Mr, M'Leod, who is universally esteemed, will not accompany the regiment to India, but, will, we are happy to say, remain here with us.

"THE TWENTY-FIRST REGIMENT", The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (26 February 1839), 7 

The embarkation of the 21st R. S. Fusileers for India, took place at seven o'clock on Monday morning [25 February]. To the honor of that fine Corps when the Parade was formed, there was not one man absent nor one man drunk ... The Band of the 51st Regt. attended, and performed several pieces of beautiful music until the embarkation was completed ... Mr. M'Leod, the Master of the Band, remains here, settling with his large family amongst us ...

"LOCAL", The Hobart Town Courier and Van Diemen's Land Gazette (13 March 1840), 2-3 

The embarkation of the last detachment of the 21st Royal Scots Fusiliers took place on Thursday last, at seven o'clock. The men, 124 in number, marched from their barracks in excellent health and spirits, accompanied by the band of the 51st, playing the well-known airs of the [3] "British Grenadiers," and "Patrick's Day." Some of the veterans were much affected. The scene, as they marched down the declivity from the barracks, brought forcibly to mind the words of the favourite song - "The Soldiers Tear."
" He turn'd and left the spot; ah, do not deem him weak,
For dauntless was the soldier's heart, though tears were on his cheek;
Go, watch the foremost ranks, in danger's dark career,
Be sure the hand most daring there has wiped away a tear." ...

Bibliography and resources:

Richard Cannon, Historical record of the Twenty-First or Royal North British Fusilier Regiment of Foot (London: Parker, Furnivall, & Parker, 1849), 48 

B. and M. Chapman, "1/21st Royal North British Fusiliers Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"Royal Scots Fusiliers", Wikipedia 

Band news from Europe

"Abstract of European News to the beginning of May", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (25 August 1832), 3 

The 43d Light Infantry, and 60th Rifles, in Dublin, have broken up their full bands, retaining, however, the trumpets and bugles, and adding them to their brass bands, which now consist of from 27 to 30 instruments. This regulation is general as respects to the infantry and rifle regiments.

"ENGLISH EXTRACTS", The Sydney Monitor (8 September 1832), 4 

DRURY-LANE THEATRE. - The Oratorio (if a selection of music of all sorts, jumbled toggether without system, may be so called) was well attended last night, although no particular novelty was offered beyond "Mr. Harper's Professional Brass Band," as it was termed in the bills; and a private experiment with which having been successfully made at the Opera-house a few days ago, it was determined to repeat it publicly last night. All the instruments (with the exception of two interloping copper kettle drums) are brass, and of the trumpet or horn kind, and the effect on the whole was good; but it is out of the question to suppose that music upon such imperfect instrumuents, however improved of late years, can be without defects. There were about five-and twenty performers in the band, and they gave a march from Mozart's Zauberflote, an Air from Auber's Fra Diavolo, and a Prayer from Rossini's Mose in Egitto - three very different pieces of music - to show of[f] what the instruments, properly managed, are capable. They are capable of a great deal of more than could be expected, but not of everything. One huge machine, as large as a brass field-piece, and producing nearly as loud a report, struck us particularly; and, if we are not mistaken, it has just been imported with its performer from the Continent, by Mr. Monk Mason. It is called, perhaps, after him, the Hybernicon, but he ought to take it as anything but a compliment, considering the material of which it is made; possibly it has reference rather to his power of place as Director of the King's Theatre, than to his power of face as an Irishman. The sound of the instrument puts one in mind of the sort of trombetto, which, at the end (we think) of the 18th Canto of Dante's Inferno, the Devil is represented as using when he summons his troops together on being disappointed in securing the companion of Virgil. More we cannot say; but we beg earnestly to refer the reader to the passage for explanation.

"THE ARMY", The Tasmanian (14 February 1834), 7 

The brass bands of the light battalions, (they have no other,) are spoken of, as being of the finest description of any in Europe.

"THE ARMY", Freeman's Journal [Dublin] (16 October 1837), 3

The band master of the 30th Regiment, Wagstaff, has deserted from Bermuda, supposed to the United States, taking with him nearly 50l. worth of instruments.

Band news (Australia)

A town band?

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 June 1835), 2 

We observe by an advertisement in another column of this day's paper, that Mr. Sippe, now well known to the Sydney public as a respectable and talented teacher of music, intends to devote the whole of his time to the duties of his profession. It has also been stated to as, that Mr. S. will readily undertake, at a very moderate rate, to instruct a requisite number of respectable young men, who may be disposed to associate themselves for that purpose, so as to form a town band, to supersede the necessity of applying for the services of the military on the various public occasions when a band is required. An arrangement of this sort may be rendered highly beneficial to all parties, and particularly to those who might be disposed to avail themselves of Mr. Sippe's offer of instruction - the number of persons required rendering the individual expense to each a mere trifle. Our present impression is, that Mr. S. will be inundated with applications.

"MASONS ROYAL ARCH DINNER", The Australian (3 November 1837), 2 

The Companions of the above fraternity, between 30 and 40 in number, dined together on Tuesday evening last, and sat down to a most sumptuous dinner at the St. John's Tavern ... We almost forgot to mention the attendance would have done honor to "Willi's," and during the evening the Town Band enlivened the merry scene with some favorite airs. The Toasts were as follows ...

[News], Commercial Journal and Advertiser (12 May 1838), 2 

Yesterday afternoon the mortal remains of Mr. John Humphreys, of the "Billy Blue" public-house, and a timber merchant, who met his death by jumping from his gig at his own gate on Thursday, were conveyed to their last resting place - the tomb ... The procession moved from the residence of deceased about the hour of four o'clock, headed by the Town Band, consisting of fourteen instruments, playing the dead march of Louis 16, and the Officers of the Lodge with banners displayed. A very numerous body of persons were in attendance to witness the imposing spectacle.

? Cherubini's Marche funèbre [? for Louis XVI], or perhaps more likely Philidor's Funeral march for Louis XIV [sic].

Military bands

"THE MILITARY BANDS", The Sydney Herald (15 February 1836), 2 

The lovers of music have lately had a rich treat in comparing the relative merits of the two fine Bands of the 17th and 28th Regiments: and in general, we think the opinion of the Public (not always, however, a criterion of excellence in matters of art and taste) seems to incline towards its old favourite, the 17th. The Australian indeed, in a somewhat confused and inconsequent paragraph, says "there is no comparison between the two, so far as sweetness and tone is concerned; the 28th being harsh to a degree compared with the 17th;" and again in the course of its comment complains of a "keyed trumpet, and a non-descript of the base-horn tribe" as being "remarkably unpleasing to the lovers of soft over loud music," concluding absurdly enough by saying that "the base of the 28th is peculiarly fine, but too powerful for the remainder." -(Of what?)

We must,confess that we differ considerably from the Editor of the Australian, who appears on this occasion, as on some others, to have proclaimed a preference without very clearly understanding the why or the wherefore. As far as the "sweetness" is concerned, we willingly cede the advantage to the 17th: but then mere sweetness of effect, even in instrumental music, is but a negative perfection - and in all the other and higher qualities requisite to give a true and characteristic effect to the elaborate compositions of the great German and Italian masters - in depth, firmness, and variety of tone; in a well-balanced and harmonious contrast of instruments; in the precision and beauty of their articulations and inflections; and in general richness and brilliancy of effect, the superiority we take it is entirely with the 28th; a superiority in fact which results in a great measure, from the beauty of the brass instruments, and the remarkable mastery the men have acquired over those frequently harsh and intractable ones - the horns, cornels, and trumpets; and the base too, which our Paragraphist admits to be so "peculiarly fine" he seems to forget, is most materially aided by the deep, powerful, and predominating tones of that same queerly-called "non-descript of the base-horn tribe," the notes of which so much shocked his nerves.

Both Bands, however, have their individual excellencies, and were it in our power to appoint them music adapted to their peculiar construction and capabilities, we should assign the sweet melodies, but thin instrumentation of Rossini to the 17th, and the wild and mystic strains of Von Weber, or the massy and magnificent chords, and profound and gloomy compositions of Beethoven to the 28th.

- From a Correspondent.

James Mudie, The felony of New South Wales: being a faithful picture of the real romance of Botany Bay (London: For the author by Whaley and Co., 1837), 215-17 

... Indeed the military routine of the garrison of New South Wales is so peculiar, as to merit being stated. The garrison for some time past has consisted of three regiments of foot; and those regiments are sent out in detachments, as follows:- Every transport carrying out male convicts to New South Wales has a military guard of about thirty men, under the command of a subaltern officer. These guards are successively taken from a regiment under orders for New South Wales, as a step towards going on to India. Detachment after detachment accordingly leaves this country, as the transports with male convicts are successively prepared for them; and about the time of the last detachment leaving England, the senior regiment in New South Wales, that is, the regi-[216]-ment that has been longest there, embarks for India ...

Another circumstance, curious in a military point of view, as to this "relief of guard," is this, that the commanding officer of a regiment under orders for New South Wales, usually goes out with the last, or one of the last detachments; and it is not a little singular that the military guard of the ship on that occasion generally consists only of the band.

The band, it is true, is, besides its regimental duty, an understood appendage upon the rank and person of the commanding officer.

The government at home, it is to be presumed from motives of laudable economy, makes the band which accompanies the commanding officer act as the guard of soldiers on board the convict ship. The author of this work knows, that, as the band of any regiment cannot at all be relied upon, and indeed never would be employed by any officer as rank and file, very serious apprehensions have on such occasions been entertained for the safety of the ship.

The author is not aware whether or not anything untoward has as yet arisen from this very unmilitary proceeding. If nothing very bad has happened, it has been, [217] as an old saying has it, more owing to "good luck than good guiding." Sure he is, that so unmilitary a proceeding can never have been represented at the Horse Guards; for it is impossible to believe that the paltry economy involved could ever induce the safety of a ship and crew, and of the military detachment on board, including the commanding officer and other officers of a regiment of the line, to be so foolishly committed. What makes this military error the more glaring, is, that in line weather, these poor fellows (the band) are actually employed in their proper capacity, as a band, to entertain the colonel and his officers; exposing the ship to the risk, - evidently to the very imminent risk, - of the convicts then making a rush, and overpowering their escort ....

General regulations (1837)

The king's regulations and orders for the army (London: War Office, 1827), 146-47; quoted in Herbert and Barlow 2013, 275

The formation of a Band of Music upon an economical Scale, being considered essential to the Credit and Appearance of a Regiment, every Officer* (married or single) is required, on his entering the Regiment, to pay towards the maintenance and support of a Band, the following amount of Subscription, and Annual Contribution, viz.:-

A Subscription of Twenty Days' Pay, on Appointment - and an Annual Contribution, at the discretion of the Commanding Officer, but not exceeding Twelve Days' Pay, in support of the Band Expenses. In cases of promotion, the Officer promoted is to pay the difference of Twenty Days' Pay between the Rank attained, and that previously held.

* The Amount of Contribution of the Colonels of Regiments to the Band Fund is left entirely to their option.

The Establishment of a Regimental band is to consist of a Serjeant, as Master, and Fourteen Privates, as Musicians; but these Men are to be effective in Service as Soldiers ...

* The Formation of Bands at Depôts of Regiments on Foreign Service is forbidden.

Band of the 50th Regiment (first tour 1834-41)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 November 1834 (from England)

Departed Sydney, NSW, 29 January 1841 (per Crusader, for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The 50th Regiment first served in Australia between 1834 and early 1841, and its band played for, among others, the Wallaces, Deanes, and Gautrots. However I have yet found no record of the name of the master of the band on that first tour of duty. The regiment was then garrisoned at Preston, Lancashire, in 1843 and still (or again) in 1853, when in February the band assisted at a public amateur concert under the leadership of Sergeant Reeves. In an advertisement placed by Jullien and Co., in The New Annual Army List for 1854 (London: John Murray, 1854), however, a testimonial was printed from "P. CASTALDINI, Band-Master, 50th Regiment of Foot", approving "Brass instruments made by Besson and Antoine Courtois, and also the Wood ditto made by Buffet sold at your establishment".


Colonel WODEHOUSE (commander)


? (band sergeant, band master)

Mr. CADDALL (? Robert CADDAN) (drum major, d. 1839)


? Thomas CAMPION (bandsman)

Dennis SULLIVAN (bandsman, private)


Arthur McIVER (musician, ? not bandsman)


[News], The Australian (18 August 1837), 3 

The people of Sydney have been much disappointed for the last two or three weeks, in consequence of Col. Wodehouse not allowing the band of the 50th regiment to play in the barracks on a Sunday afternoon.

"THE BAND", The Colonist (4 August 1837), 6 

Some weeks since we animadverted, in no measured terms, on the profane custom of allowing the Band of the Regiment to play every Sunday afternoon in the Barrack Square. It is, therefore, with no little pleasure, that we hear of the determination of Colonel Wodehouse, to put a stop to the practice. Such an act is exceedingly creditable to the gallant officer, and will gain for him the esteemn of the moral and religious portion of the community. If our remarks were, in any degree, instrumental in occasioning a better observance of the Sabbath afternoon, we feel a pleasure in having contributed to promote the cause of religion.

"The Proclamation", The Sydney Monitor (27 October 1837), 3 

The announcement that this day was appointed to proclaim Her Majesty Victoria, Queen of the Realms of England and its dependencies, caused a partial cessation of business, and the town of Sydney assumed the appearance of a holiday. The public offices were all closed. Before noon, a numerous body of persons, of all degrees, assembled on the lawn opposite Government House, where detachment of the 50th and 28th Regiments were under arms. The officers were in mourning, that is with crape round their caps and black sword knots, and crape round the left arms. The instrumnents of the band of the 50th and the colours were decked with crape ...

"FUNERAL OF MAJOR MARLAY", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (19 April 1839), 2 

The remains of Major Marlay Barrack Master, were attended by the principal Naval, Military, and Civil Officers to the grave, and buried with the customary militaty honors due to his rank ... at three the coffin was brought out. The troops presented arms while it was being deposited in the hearse, and immediately the procession moved slowly forward to the dead march played by the brass band of the 50th Regt. The following was the order in which the procesion moved. Soldiers with reversed arms - Band, Drum major with staf reversed ...

"THE FIFTIETH REGIMENT", Commercial Journal and Advertiser (5 June 1839), 2 

A detachment of this Regiment arrived in the Siren, on Monday, from Launceston, and were marched, on landing, to Head Quarters. The brass band of the Regiment enlivened their short march by playing on the way the popular airs of "Rory O'More," and "Hurrah for the Bonnets of Blue." The 50th, it is supposed, will leave for India in about six months' time.

"EMBARKATION OF THE FIFTIETH", Australasian Chronicle (30 January 1841), 2 

Yesterday morning, about a quarter before four o'clock, the big drum beat for muster in the barrack square, and the soldiers might soon after be seen corming from all quarters of the town to the place of rendezvous. At about five o'clock orders were given to march, and the band commenced playing "The girl I left behind me." As the regiment advanced along George-street the band played "Garry Owen," and several other popular Irish airs. Arrived at the Queen's Wharf, the first division of the men, most of whom appeared very much affected at their departure, embarked in good order on board the Crusader, which, in addition to the Lady McNaughten, has been chartered to convey them to India. The second division will embark today. The Crusader has been reserved for "head quarters." Owing to the early hour at which the embarkation took place there were but few of the townspeople present ...

Bibliography and resources:

WKR/B1/Z7 1859 1 doc; WKR/B1/Z8 1867 3 docs

Arthur Evelyn Fyler, The history of the 50th or (the Queen's Own) Regiment from the earliest date to the year 1881 (London: Chapman and Hall, Ld., 1895), 198-200 

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/50th Foot (West Kent) Queen's Own Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"50th (Queen's Own) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

Band of the 28th Regiment (1836-42)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 21 January 1836 (per John Barry)

Departed Sydney NSW, 16/19 June 1842 (for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Vincenzo CHIODETTI (master of the band)


Corporal MALON (MALLEN; MALLON) (bandsman, Kent bugle player)

William MANSON (bandsman)


George WHITLEY (drum major)


[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 May 1835), 2

Report speaks highly of the band of the 28th regiment, which, at the date of the latest departure from England, was said to be under orders for this colony. As we are shortly to lose the 17th, it is pleasing to know that there is at least a chance of supplying their place to the satisfaction of the inhabitants of Sydney, even in one respect.

"Domestic and Miscellaneous Intelligence", The Australian (22 January 1836), 2 

The Head Quarters and Band of the 28th Regt. came ashore on Wednesday, from the "John Barry," and were escorted to tho Barracks by the Band of the 17th Regiment. The Band of the 28th is said to be of a superior description.

"LANDING OF H. M. 28TH REGT.", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (23 January 1836), 2 

On Wednesday afternoon last, the head quarters of the 28th regiment landed from the ship John Barry, being welcomed to the shores of Australia by the band of the 17th foot, who afterwards invited the strangers to dine with them at Mr. William Jones's at the Robin Hood, where the customary festivities were enjoyed in mutual good fellowship until a late hour. In the course of the evening, several solos, duetts, glees &c., were sung by the parties, but the 17th far excelled their brethren of the cloth in vocal skill as well as execution ... The 28th regiment is also a gallant corps and has gathered a more than ordinary share of laurels in the field - it is to be hoped that their more peaceful occupations in New South Wales will secure to them as much general esteem, as their many deeds of arms hare raised them for high military honor. It is also said, that the band of the 28th is of a superior description. We very much doubt whether it will be found to surpass that excellent one of the 17th, which it is no more than an act of common justice to say, has never been equalled here, in the recollection of the oldest of the colonists. It is expected that the head quarters of the 28th, will be fixed at Sydney after the departure of the 17th, and that upon arrival of the 80th, which is announced, for service in this colony, the 4th will quit Parramatta also, for the India station. - Correspondent.

"THE 28TH BAND", The Australian (29 January 1836), 2 

The Band of the 28th Regiment has attended parade for the last few days, in the place of the 17th; there is no comparrison between the two as far as sweetness and tone is concerned, the 28th being harsh to a degree compared with the 17th; this is perhaps owing to the great preponderance of brass instruments, of which a keyed trumpet and a nondescript of the base-horn tribe are remarkably unpleasing to the lovers of soft over loud music; take them for all in all, we shall be long before we hear the 17th equalled. We may observe that the base of the 28th is peculiarly fine - perhaps too powerful for the remainder.

"THE BAND OF THE 28th", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (2 February 1836), 2 

"In my humble capacity, I hail with pleasure the arrival of any thing which can contribute to the advancement - or even the rational amusement of this colony, and so I do also the arrival of Mr. Cheadile [recte Chiodetti], the first Italian band master this colony ever possessed. His band plays with more strength and pith than any other I have ever heard in this place, and this can be derived from that reason that the players have yet some British blood in their veins. They look all stout and well, and are therefore able to blow with pith into their instruments. It would be well to keep them continually within the walls of the barracks, or they will also get soon mere skeletons (in this loose town), and their walking in the evening become proverbial!

It is generally acknowledged that their airs are rich and powerful, and their bass full of resonance. However, in praising new things, one should not be forgetful of the merits of more ancient friends, and then I might acknowledge that Mr. Lewis took great pains to prepare a large stock of all new interesting and scientific music he could get hold of, and the choice of marches, overtures, and other tunes, reflects great credit on the 17th. It is, at any rate, very pleasant to any man, to hear again and again common-place tunes he heard thirty years ago. - A TAME LASHER."

"MILITARY MUSIC", The Sydney Herald (9 February 1841), 2 

The lovers of music will be pleased to hear that the fine Band of the 28th regiment will play from half-past three to six every Monday mid Thursday afternoon, in the outer domain, at the back of the Colonial Hospital, and in the Barrack Square every Sunday afternoon.

"News of the Day", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (7 April 1841), 2 

The Band of the 28th Regiment have changed their hours of performance in the Government Domain, on Tuesday's and Thursday's from half past 3 to half past 5, instead of 4 to 6, as heretofore, and have entirely discontinued their performnnces in the Barrack Square on Sundays, on account of the shortness of the evenings.

"Embarkation of the 28th Regiment, for India", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 June 1842), 2

This gallant body of men embarked on board their respective ships, on Thursday last. They were sent down to the dock-yard, for that purpose, in detachments, and as they marched along, their feelings must have been much gratified by the loud huzzas with which they were greeted by many of the populace ... We are informed that they will set sail to-morrow, weather, of course, permitting ...

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/28th Foot (The North Gloucestershire Regiment)", Australia's red coat regiments 

"28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

Band of the 80th Regiment (1836-44)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 12 July 1836 (per Mangles, from UK)

Departed Sydney, NSW, 12 August 1844 (for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Colonel BAKER / ? FRENCH (commander)


Samuel EDGERTON (master of the band)


- (bandsmen)


[News], The Australian (14 July 1837), 3

The head quarters of the 80th Regt. arrived per Mangles, and on Wednesday last marched to the Barracks, preceded by the band of the 4th Regiment.

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (18 July 1837), 2 

The band of the 80th who have but just landed in this Colony, were a great attraction in the Barrack Square on Sunday afternoon. Without the slightest disparagement to the 4th band, which is a decided favourite in this colony, we must say that the band of the 80th is highly spoken of.

"Domestic Intelligence", Colonial Times (11 December 1838), 6 

We understand, that the head-quarters of the 80th Regiment, now at Sydney, may be shortly expected here. We hear, also, great praise and admiration of the Band, which, we are told, is both numerous and effective. One worthy gentleman of our acquaintance is in raptures at the mere anticipation of its arrival, and assures us, that it is vastly superior to the Band of the 21st ...

"BAND OF THE 80TH REGIMENT", The Sydney Herald (20 June 1842), 2 

Great numbers of persons have assembled, for the last two or three days, to see the trooping of the Guards in the Barrack-square, and to hear the Band of Her Majesty's 8Oth Regiment, which is generally considered as one of the best out of England.

"BAND OF THE 80TH REGIMENT", The New South Wales Examiner (25 June 1842), 3

This fine band has now adopted the arrangement of the 28th, viz., of playing in the Domain on the evenings of Monday and Thursday. On the two separate occasions of their performing, during the present week, they fully sustained their reputation, and too much can scarcely be said in their praise. The pieces were well selected, and executed with great style and brilliancy. There is no doubt that the Domain now, on band days, will become the fashionable lounge in Sydney.

"SERVICES OF THE 80TH REGIMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1844), 2 

... The head quarters of the regiment landed at Portsmouth on the 9th March, 1831, and remained quartered in various parts of England and Ireland until ordered to proceed as guards over convicts to the Colony of New South Wales. The first guard under Major (now Lieutenant-Colonel) Baker, embarked at Gravesend, on the 23rd May, 1836. The colours of the regiment, with a guard of the usual strength, under Brevet-Major Nunn, embarked on the 6th March, 1837, and arrived at Sydney, New South Wales, on the 11th July. The head quarters remained in Sydney until the 26th July, when it marched for Windsor, and became stationed there until the 2nd January, 1841; on that day the head quarters of the regiment marched into Parramatta, and remained there until the 16th June, 1842, when it proceeded to Sydney to relieve the 28th regiment, which had embarked for India.

During the stay of the 80th in New South Wales, it has been divided into a great number of very small detachments, distributed over nearly the whole colony, chiefly guards over prisoners at stockades-a duty harassing to the soldier and prejudicial to discipline. By the gradual collecting of the various detachments, the regiment has again become concentrated, after having been in a state of dispersion for about seven years. In strength the regiment at the present date is thirty-six officers, fifty-two sergeants, eighteen drummers, and 937 rank and file.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1844), 2 

The management has much pleasure in announcing to the public, that the performances of this Evening will be wider the distinguished patronage of COLONEL BAKER and the Officers of H. M. 80th Regiment, (previous to their departure for India), upon which occasion they have signified their intention of honouring the Theatre with their presence. The splendid band of the Regiment will attend, and during the Evening play several of their most popular pieces ...

"THE 80TH REGIMENT", The Weekly Register of Politics, Facts and General Literature (17 August 1844), 80 

On Monday morning [12 August], H.M. 80th Regiment embarked for India, on board the ships, Royal Saxon, Lloyds, Briton and Enmore. The men were under arms in the Barrack-square by seven o clock. The Commander of the Forces, and staff, entered the Barrack-square a few minutes before eight o'clock, and shortly after, the regiment began to move, headed by Lieutenant-Colonel Baker and the fine band of the regiment, playing appropriate music. On arriving at Bridge-street, the rear section, composed of the men to be embarked on board the Enmore, lying at the Circular wharf, turned down that street, and on arriving at their vessel, immediately marched on board. When the main body arrived at the Queen's Wharf, another division, composed of the men to sail in the Briton, filed off to the Commissariat Wharf, and as in the former instance immediately went on board. The head quarters of the regiment accompanied by the Commander of the Forces and staff, with the men for the embarkation on board the Royal Saxon and Lloyds, went along George-street to Campbell's Wharf, where each division immediately went on board its respective ship ...

Bibliography and resources:

Reminiscences (personal, social and political) of a fifty years' residence at Windsor, on the Hawkesbury: a lecture ... by William Walker (Sydney: Turner and Henderson, 1890)

[9]... But we had at the same time a pleasant establishment in town, namely one of Her Majesty's regiments of the line - the gallant 80th, or Staffordshire. They were a splendid set of men, finely officered, from the colonel downwards, and they had a magnificent band. The bandmaster was the late Samuel Edgerton, a gentleman who eventually left the regiment, and spent the remainder of his life in Windsor, becoming Captain of the Windsor Volunteers, and dying at an advanced age universally respected ... The band was the finest military one that ever came to the colony. The bandmaster led with the clarionet, and a very stately fellow played the cornet to perfection. My young patriotic blood used to warm up when I heard them play in grand style when marching through George-street that favourite air "The Blue Bells of Scotland." There were a good many blacks down the Hawkesbury then, and I remember the officers on one occasion getting up a corroboree in Thompson's Square ... I never saw a corroboree before, and have never seen one since. I will not attempt to describe it - such a thing could not be conceived in the present day. The 80th left Windsor after a year or two, and were succeeded by another regiment, but I never could fancy it, after the former. They departed from Windsor one moonlight night, having to walk all the way to Parramatta. They marched out of town over the South Creek Bridge towards McGrath's Hill playing that exhilarating and lively tune, "The Girl I Left Behind Me," - the echoes of which still haunt me. There were many wet eyes that night amongst "the girls," and I can only say for myself, young as I was, that I felt the departure of these fine fellows from amongst us very much. When the regiment left the colony, Mr. Edgerton, the bandmaster, took up his abode in the old Peninsula Farm Cottage, overlooking the Peninsula Estate, where the reviews of the troops had occasionally taken place before the General, Sir Maurice O'Connell ...

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/80th Foot (Staffordshire Volunteers) Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"80th Regiment of Foot (Staffordshire Volunteers)", Wikipedia

Band of the 51st Regiment (1838-46)

Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), February 1839 (from UK; via Sydney, December 1838)

Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 8 August 1846 (per Agincourt, for India) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also "The Duly family, the Band of the 51st Regiment, and the first Tasmanian opera": 




Colonel ELLIOT (commander)


William BRISTOW (bugler)


Abraham Philip DULY (master of the band until mid-1845)

Sergeant JONES (bandsman, band sergeant)

Sergeant RABLIN (band sergeant, master of the band from mid 1845)


KELLY (bandsman)


MAGUIRE (bugler)

SIMPSON (bugler)


Mr. IRBY (? officer, not a bandsman, amateur cornet player)


"SYDNEY", The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (25 December 1838), 5 

The Head Quarter Staff, with the band of the 51st regiment, have arrived at Sydney, and may be shortly expected here.

{News], The Tasmanian (24 May 1839), 7

The fine band of the the 51st Regiment, plays in the Barrack-square, on the afternoons of Tuesday's and Friday's, from 3 until 1/2 past 4 o'clock. The admirers of harmony would find this promenade well worth visiting.

[News], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (10 December 1839), 5 

THE exhibition called the "Regatta" took place on Tuesday. It had been fixed for the preceding Saturday, but the rain falling heavily, it was postponed ... The marine procession was formed according to the published programme, led by twenty whale boats, manned by crews, we assert without fear of contradiction, such as no part of the world can equal, the beautiful band of the 51st. in one of the Government barges - the brass band in another, immediately preceding the boat, in which were Sir John and Lady Franklin ...

"LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL", Colonial Times (7 September 1841), 2 

The Council met yesterday at two o'clock, according to adjournment. His Excellency was received by a guard of honor, commanded by Lieutenant Erskine, - the band of the regiment stationed in front of the Custom House, playing Waltzes, till the Council assembled ...

"HORTICULTURAL SHOW", The Courier (18 March 1842), 2 

Yesterday afternoon an exhibition took place of the flower and vegetable productions of Hobart Town and its vicinity, when the latter, especially, seemed decidedly to excite general admiration. The specimens of carrots were particularly fine, and of astonishing size ... We were sorry to find that the band of the 51st was not in attendance; it is, we believe, the first time since the formation of the society that so great an addition to the liveliness of the scene has been wanting - from what cause we know not - but regret to see that in any amusement of this kind, if the colony cannot proceed crescendo, a falling off should be made visible. The deficiency may, notwithstanding, have arisen from circumstances which could not be obviated; if so, regret, not blame, must characterise our remarks ...

"THE 51ST REGIMENT", Colonial Times (11 August 1846), 3 

Two detachments, including the head quarters, embarked on Saturday morning [8 August], amidst the hearty cheers of a large concourse of spectators; the utmost order was preserved throughout, and the gallant fellows quitted our shores in excellent spirits. We were unwittingly in error in mentioning last week the manner in which the regiment would proceed to its destination. The fact is this: Colonel Elliot, with the head quarters, embarked on board the Agincourt, as we originally stated ...

Bibliography and resources:

H. C. Wylly, History of The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry ... volume 1 [1755-1881] (London: Percy Lund, Humphries & Co. Ltd., 1924), 308-09 

B. and M. Chapman, "2nd/51st Foot (Yorkshire, West Riding) Light Infantry Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"51st (2nd Yorkshire West Riding) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

Other bands (1840s)

Band of the Norfolk Island Convict Settlement

[News], The Australian (31 July 1841), 2 

There are strange stories going about relative to Norfolk Island, and the system pursued by Captain Maconochie. The removal of Mr. Ormsby by the latter, like that of Mr. Pinnock by the home government has given some dissatisfaction. We have every desire to give Captain Maconochie's system a full trial. But, with regard to Norfolk Island. there is, we are told, a Theatre (!) building; there are sixteen men employed as a Band (!) to discourse sweet music to the unfortunates on the island ...

Band of the St. Patrick's Total Abstinence Society

"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", The Teetotaller and General Newspaper (10 August 1842), 4 

... The Rev. Mr. Farrelly said, at the conclusion of the meeting, it was the intention of that Society to have a band of music of their own, to consist of eighteen or twenty persons; the instruments would be found for them, which would cost twenty pounds. He called upon those who wished to belong to it to come forward; they would be instructed by the band master of the 80th Regiment ...

"ST. PATRICK'S TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", Australasian Chronicle (15 September 1842), 2 

On Monday evening the usual weekly meeting of the above society was held in the schoolroom, Castlereagh street, which was crowded to excess. The new band of the society was present for the first time, and enlivened the meeting witlh several airs, which were very effectively and creditably executed, much to the satisfaction of those who have contributed towards the fund for the purchase of the instruments ...

Other general accounts (1840s)

J. O. Balfour, A sketch of New South Wales (London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1845), 59, 113 

Hyde Park, which is about two miles in circumference, has been reserved as a pleasure ground for the inhabitants of Sydney; but as it is quite destitute of timber, and consequently unprotected from the sun, it is seldom used by the citizens as a promenade, except towards the cool of the evening. The Government domain, which is delightfully situated and well shaded, is a pleasant drive, and as a regimental band plays there twice a week, it is a general rendezvous for the fashionable idlers of the town on such days. 

There are at present two regiments in New South Wales. The head-quarters for these regiments are Sydney and Paramatta; detachments of from twenty to sixty rank and file, with subalterns in command are distributed over the colony. Two regiments in conjunction with the civil power are found quite sufficient to enforce the laws. - Regiments quartered in New South Wales do not receive any colonial pay.

... There are no militia or yeomanry corps in the colony; on any case of emergency the settlers, however, would form a rather formidable body, being well adapted for a yeomanry corps, and in those instances where continued and hazardous pursuits after escaped convicts have occurred, the settlers, who at all times freely volunteer, have been I will not say more efficient, but certainly quite as much so as the mounted police. Many settlers are of opinion that a protective corps raised from among themselves would prove less expensive and more beneficial than those now existing, both on account of their intimate knowledge of the bush, and the very moderate rate at which they could supply themselves with horses.

Band news from Australia

"FREE PORTS", The Australian (4 January 1843), 2 

... a Correspondeht from Newcastle has forwarded to us the following remarks: "I have just read your articlo on Free Ports. If the boon of a free warehousing port has not been granted to Newcastle, it is because it has not been asked for. The disunion among the inhabitants of all grades, will, I fear, be an obstacle to it, and a public good will thus be .sacrificed to private resentments. There is no doubt, that obvious feelings will exist in a communjty made up of so mixed materials, but it is certainly to be deeply regretted, when that disunion affects the prosperity of the town. This will, by degrees, however, wear away, I hope, when we have a regiment stationed here, as the attractions of a good band of music, monthly balls, and other festivities, will draw the fashionables of the district to Newcastle, and by that means harmonize the collision of interests which now exists.

Band news from Europe

"DIARY OF AN ASSISTANT SURGEON. No. IV", The Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register ... (September-December 1841), 30 

[extract reprinted] "The Asiatic Journal", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (8 February 1842), 2 

... I firmly believe the elevation of privates to commissions is a very great service to the army itself; a long discussion upon a matter scarcely disputed would be useless. Some of the last officers in the British army were once in the British ranks; three instances are in my own personal knowledge, and they may serve to countenance and encourage. The first is the case of one who for many years was band-master of the --th; being a very intelligent, sober, active person, he was made adjutant of the regiment, with the rank of ensign, he is now alive, a lieutenant-colonel on half-pay ...

"CHATHAM", Caledonian Mercury (19 September 1842), 2

CHATHAM, Thursday [15 September]. - This morning the head-quarters of the 99th regiment marched from this garrison, under the command of Major Last, with Ensigns Esden and Mends. The head-quarters proceeded to Deptford, where they embark on board the convict ship Earl Grey, bound for Van Diemen's land. The head-quarters consisted of 5 serjeants and 37 rank and file, with band master, band and drums, 10 women and 20 children ...

[Advertisement], Naval & Military Gazette and Weekly Chronicle of the United Service (17 February 1844), 1

A BAND MASTER. - WANTED, by the 47th Regiment, a BAND MASTER, fully competent to Arrange for, Insruct, and Lead the Band. The terms will be liberal; it is therefore requested that no Band Master will offer himself unless he can produce the most satisfactory Testimonials. Applications to be addressed to the Band Committee, 47th Regiment, Gosport. No applications can be entertained coming from Band Masters now, about be, engaged by any other Corps.

[Advertisement], Naval & Military Gazette and Weekly Chronicle of the United Service (9 May 1846), 1

WANTED, a DRUM-MAJOR for the 6th Regiment of Foot. Apply to Mr. Brotherson, Band Master, 6th Regiment, Athlone. N.B. Applicant must be smart-looking, and a soldier, or willing to enlist.

"DISTRICT COURT MARTIAL IN MANCHESTER", Manchester Courier and Lancashire General Advertiser (8 September 1847), 6-7

On Thursday morning at ten o'clock a district court martial was opened in the officers' mess room, Infantry Barracks, Regent Road, Salford, to inquire into certain charges preferred against a number of the privates belonging to the 2ud battalion of the 1st (or Royal) Regiment, at present stationed in this garrison. It will be remembered that this fine regiment, allowed to be one of the best behaved the service, has a splendid band, to which is attached a band-master, Mr. Paulo Castaldini, whose salary is paid by Lieutenant-Colonel Bell, and the officers of the regiment. On the 13th of August last it is alleged that an assault was committed on Mr. Castaldini, by certain members of the band [17 men charged], in the band practice room. The motive assigned by several parties for the commission of the offence charged is retaliation for harsh treatment and expressions on the part of the band master towards the men ...

Band of the 96th Regiment (1841-49)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 22 September 1841 (per Asia, via Hobart Town)

Departed Launceston, (VDL) TAS, 6 February 1849 (per General Hewit, for India)

Active NSW, 1841-43; Tasmania, 1843-49 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Colonel CAIRNCROSS (commander)


Mr. (? William) BISHOP (master of the band)


William ROBINS (bandsman, serpent player)

- (bandsmen)


John AGNEW (? drum major)

James ALLEN (? drum major)


John Napier MAGILL (lieutenant, amateur flute player)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (23 September 1841), 2 

Passengers arrived by the Asia, from Hobart Town, Colonel Cerncross 96th Regt., and 68 rank and file, inclusive of the Band of the 96th Regt.

"MISCELLANEA", Sydney Free Press (12 October 1841), 3 

We are informed the band of the 96th Regt. have challenged to play that of the 80th; but the 80th out of mercy, considering the 96th have only lately arrived, and consequently cannot be expected to be in the best tune have declined the challenge. We have also heard that the 80th some time back, challenged the 50th Regt., who accepted the challenge, but afterwards retracted. No doubt the 50th can assign a good reason for so doing.

"THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1842), 2 

The Theatre opens this evening for the season. The stewards of the Homebush Races patronise the performances, and Colonel Cairncross has kindly allowed the band of the 96th regiment to come from Parramatta for the occasion.

"THE 96TH", Launceston Advertiser (26 January 1843), 3 

An immense concourse of people assembled at the wharf on Monday, to witness the disembarkation of a detachment of the Head Quarters of the 96th, which arrived by the Cape Pachet from Sydney. They landed under a salute of three cheers from the inhabitants. The band was of course the chief object attraction, and during the short time it played, excited universal admiration. They are at present quartered in Mr. Reid's store, which has been converted into a temporary barracks ...

"THE MILITARY BAND", Launceston Advertiser (2 February 1843), 3 

The band of the 96th played, whilst marching to, and returning from Church on Sunday. We have never seen the streets so crowded on a sabbath day. Members of all denominations attended, and many even of those who disapprove of such practices from conscientious scruples, contrived to be present by pure accident. The people seem almost music-mad. Crowds assemble every night to hear even the beating of the tattoo. The band master appeared desirous of gratifying the taste of the Launcestonians, and in returning from Church on Sunday, struck up the favorite air of "Nix my dolly."

"DEPARTURE OF THE 96th", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 February 1849), 355 

The head-quarters of the 96th, yesterday morning, went down the river in the "Gipsy" steamer, which towed the brig "Lady Mary Pelham," containing about five hundred rank and file, the women, children, and baggage of the regiment. A large nnmber of persons accompanied them in the steamer, to witness the embarkation in the "General Hewit" at the heads. But the concourse of spectators on the wharves was beyond all precedent; indeed, it was the general remark that they never saw so many people there before. The parting and bidding adieus were, as usual, affecting, and the female portion of the crowd manifested their peculiar grief in losing sweethearts, brothers, sisters, and other friends on the melancholy occasion. Tbe prospect of never again beholding most of those who have thus embarked for India must mutually affect the brave fellows who go, and their ardent well-wishers who are left behind. The emotion of the scene was considerably heightened by the beautiful performances of the band, which played some favorite martial airs on the way to the wharf, and on arriving on board; and when at last the vessel got under weigh, and the band struck up "Should auld acquaintance be forgot," "The girl I left behind me," &c.,the cheering from the shore, the steamer, and brig was appropriately hearty and general ...

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/96th Regiment of Foot", Australia's red coat regiments 

"96th Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

Band of the 99th Regiment (1843-56)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 19 February 1843 (per Earl Grey, via Hobart Town)

Departed Hobart, TAS, 10 January 1856 (per Windsor, via Fremantle, WA, 11 February, for London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


A list of orchestral wind, brass and percussion players advertised for Stephen Marsh's concert at the Royal Victoria Theatre in Sydney in November 1845 gives (with perhaps a few unaccounted exceptions; e.g. Vaughan is probably a member of the theatre orchestra) bandsman and drummers of the 99th by instrument and name.


DESPARD (commander)

Henry Butler STONEY (captain, Amateur musician, composer, musical editor


Robert MARTIN (master of the band)

William CLEARY (bandsman, band corporal, band sergeant)

Michael CLEARY (band musician, band sergeant)


John BLACKIE (bandsman, bombardon player)

William James BROMLEY (bandsman)

Alexander DAVIDSON (bandsman, bassoon player)

George FOWLER (bandsman, serpent player)

Arthur Silvester HILL (bandsman, flute player, later bandmaster)

Bernard HILL (bandsman, died 1845)

John HILL (bandsman, drum major)

Thomas LEO (bandsman, trombone player)

Daniel LILLINGSTON (bandsman, clarinet player)

Richard LUNN (? bandsman, ? drummer, side drum player)

Norman McLOUGHLIN (bandsman, trombone player)

John McNAMEE (bandsman, trumpeter)

Thomas MARTIN (bandsman, ophecleide player)

W. Ebenezer POOLE (bandsman, horn player)

John Smyly ROACHE (bandsman, ornet and cornopean player)

William SIMSPON (bandsman, clarinet player)

David WATERSTONE (bandsman, ophecleide player)

Timothy WHITTAKER (bandsman, serpent player)

- (drummers &c)


"The Army", The Courier (28 January 1842), 4 

The grand division (head-quarters) of the 99th Regiment, which arrived from Kilkenny on Saturday, embarked at the North-wall for Liverpool this day en route to Chatham, thence to proceed by detachments to New South Wales. - Times, September 15 [1841].

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 November 1842), 1 

To Convalescents and others. TO BE LET, two spacious Rooms, with the use of a detached kitchen, at the residence of the Postmaster, at Newcastle. Purity of air, sea-bathing, and martial music, (as soon as the head quarters of Her Majesty's 99th regiment arrive) are no mean inducement to attract persons to spend the summer months at Newcastle. November 3.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sun and New South Wales Independent Press (4 February 1843), 3 

The head quarters of the 99th regiment having arrived in Hobart Town by the Earl Grey, may be daily expected on board that vessel.

"Shipping Intelligence", Australasian Chronicle (21 February 1843), 3 

FEBRUARY 19. - From Hobart Town, having left the 7th instant, the barque Earl Grey, 571 tons, Captain Molison, with stores, &c. Passengers Mr. Ford, surgeon, Mrs. Ford and three servants, Major Last, Ensign Mends Isdell, and ninety-three rank and file of the 99th regiment, thirteen women, twenty-five;children, and ten rank and file of the 80th regiment.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 June 1843), 1 

FOUNTAIN OF FRIENDSHIP LODGE OF THE MANCHESTER UNITY OF THE INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODD FELLOWS. NOTICE is hereby yven, that the Brothers of this Lodge intend walking in Procession to St John's Church, Parramatta, on Monday next, the 5th instant, on which occasion an appropiate sermon will be preached by the Rev. H. H. Bobart, and a collection made in aid of the Parramatta Benevolent Society ... By the kind permission of Colonel Jackson, the splendid band of the 99th Regiment will be in attendance ...

"THE BAND", Parramatta Chronicle and Cumberland General Advertiser (30 December 1843), 3 

It is a pity the inhabitants of this town are not permitted to enjoy the privilege of hearing the band of the 99th perform once or twice a week, in some place of public resort, if persons are prohibited from entering the Officers' Barracks, where they play of an afternoon for the mess. At Sydney one of the most delightful rendezvous of the elite of the city is the Government Domain, where the fine band of the 80th delight them, two days in the week, by "discoursing most excellent music" pro bono publico; and Colonel Baker has gained "golden opinions" from the townsfolk for indulging them in this cheap and agreeable gratification. We should recommend Colonel Despard to imitate, the example set him at head quarters.

"THE BAND OF THE 99TH", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 September 1844), 3

THE BAND OF THE 99TH.- We would recommend such of our readers who have not yet heard this Band no longer to defer that enjoyment, for we can sincerely assure them that this Band of the 99th is one of the most complete military Bands that has ever gratified the inhabitants of our city. The general observer may not be aware that this Band possesses several advantages over ordinary bands. For instance, the 99th have no less than eight beautifully toned C and Bb Clarionets, and one in Eb, which play together in perfect harmony. Their flutes are equally good, nor are they open to the rebuke ajustez vos flutes, for they keep together in excellent tone, forming as it were one unbroken chain of linked sweetness. Their trumpets again produce a clear martial intonation, free from those disagreeable shrill "cork cutting" sounds which set one's teeth on edge. Indeed, there is scarcely a performer in their masterly Band who is not competent to play a solo in a respectable style on his peculiar instrument. Their bass instruments are of the first description, for in addition to the Bassoons, the Serpent, and last though not least the Ophecleide, which from the full rich grave yet mellifluous tones it is capable of sending forth in the hands of a skilful performer, (and we have the authority of a professor of acknowledged judgment in all matters connected with music for saying it could not be in better hands than the present performer in the 99th) is a powerful auxiliary in any orchestra - they have also the Bombardone. As this latter instrument was hitherto unknown in this colony we need not apologise to our readers for introducing a brief account of it. The Bombardone appears to be an instrument of modern invention, of a deep intonation partaking of the bass qualities, both of the Bassoon and of the Ophecleide. Its compass extends three octaves from F two octaves below the bass clef to F above the baas staff. Some amateurs are of opinion that the Bombardone owes its origin from the ancient Bourdon, a kind of drone bass, a deep unchangeable sound, which formerly accompanied a melody or series of notes moving above it. In days gone by, the word Bourdon signified the drone of a bagpipe. We find also the term sometimes applied to the double diapason, or lowest stop, in French and German organs; but whatever may be the conjectures of amateurs on this point, it appears to us that the Bombardone is nothing more nor less than a magnificent improvement on the Bombardo, which was a wind instrument, much resembling the bassoon, formerly used as a bass to the hautboy. The Bombardone, therefore, although it cannot be considered the skeleton of the Bombardo, it may, from its extended compass and superior strength of tone, be justly termed the giant of the ancient race of Bombardoes.

[Advertisement], The Australian (29 November 1845), 1

Flutes - ... A. Hill.
Oboes - Messrs. R. Martin, W. Cleary.
Principal Clarinets - Messrs. W. Martin, A. Cleary.
Clarinets - Messrs. Lillingston, Bromley, Hepperon, and Simpson.
Cornet de Piston - Mr. J. Roche.
Horns - Messrs. McCullum, Thompson, Hamilton, and Poole.
Trumpets - Messrs. McNamee, Smith.
Bassoons - Messrs. Hill, Davidson, McGuiness.
Serpents - Messrs. Fowler, Whittaker.
Trombones - Messrs. McLaughlin, Leo, Ennis.
Ophecleides - Messrs T. Martin, Waterstone.
Bombardone - Mr. Blackie.
Triangle - Mr. Cavanagh.
Kettle Drum - Mr. Vaughan.
Side Drum - R. Lunn.
Cymbals - T. Mullins.
Long Drum - J. Stretten.

"FUNERAL OF SERGEANT O'BOYLE", The Courier (6 November 1852), 3

"EMBARKATION OF THE 99th REGIMENT", The Hobarton Mercury (11 January 1856), 5 

Yesterday at 2 o'clock, the Head Quarters, and a large detachment of this fine regiment embarked on board the Windsor, en route for Old England, touching at Swan River, to leave a Company of the 12th in that Colony. The regiment in full marching order, was played to the wharf by the Band of the 12th, "Auld Lang Syne," "Cheer Boys Cheer," the "Grenadier's March," and "The Girl I left Behind Me," being the pieces played ...

"Local and Domestic Intelligence", The Inquirer and Commercial News (13 February 1856), 2 

On Monday evening the inhabitants of Fremantle were enlivened by the performance of the Band of the 99th Regt., which Colonel Last had kindly permitted to come ashore. The whole of Fremantle turned out, and were delighted with the musical treat offered to them. The band, consisting of 25 performers, under the superintendence of Mr Martin, the Band-master, played for two hours. The pieces were well selected, and the execution admirable.

"THE 99TH REGIMENT", Colonial Times (2 April 1856), 2 

A letter from a bandsman of the regiment to a resident in Hobart Town, has been handed to us for perusal, and from it, we are permitted to make the following extract. The letter was posted at Freemantle, Western Australia, and is dated - Ship "Windsor", 14th February, 1858.-"

""We arrived here on Thursday, the 7th inst, after a very uncomfortable passage of twenty-seven days, but, thank God, without sickness. We have stayed in harbour for the remainder of the time. As soon as we dropped our anchor, boats came off from shore to us with the most beautiful grapes, bananas, and water melons possible. You may suppose we availed ourselves of the opportunity to get some. On the next day the party of the 12th regiment left the vessel for Perth, and our men embarked, and I must say that they are the finest company of men we have in the regiment: about twelve of them are married, and brought their Perth ladies with them, but one young man of the name of R-- was married without liberty, and the Colonel ordered the poor young woman ashore, and her cries were piteous, but the young woman, being very pretty, it moved the stern heart of your humble servant, and happening to hear the captain say that if she would pay £15 for her passage she might come. I told it to some of the men and Sergt. Martin and we all subscribed, and she has come with us. On Monday the inhabitants of Freemantle requested the colonel to allow the band to play ashore, which was granted; and accordingly we landed amidst the whole of the population, and played for three hours in the evening. They had never witnessed anything of the kind before, and consequently were very much amused, and they made a great deal of us, invited to their houses, &c.; and the following day we played at a ball given to Colonel Last, and on Friday we are to play at Government House, Perth. I can assure you if I had not left my heart behind me, I am afraid I should lose it here, for both H-- and myself have been to no less than three tea parties, &c, since we came here; and in this place they are half-a-year later than any other, and consequently we can "come it." We are to sail on Sunday (D.V.), and the captain says he can run home in ninety days, if we have any sort of winds; and so I shall write no more until we arrive. I hope Mrs. and the children are well; tell her I shall never forget her kindness - nor yours, my dear friend. When you see Miss --, give my best love to her, and don't make yourself instrumental in introducing her to any one."

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/99th Foot (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot (1843-1856)", Australia's red coat regiments

"Surgeon's journal, Earl Grey, arrival Hobart, 14 January 1843", ancestry post (2009) 

"99th (Lanarkshire) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

Band of the 58th Regiment (1844-47)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 September 1844 (per Pestonjee Bomanjee, from Chatham, 14 May, via Hobart Town)

Departed 1847 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The regiment arrived in Sydney in detachments during 1844 and 1845. In April 1845, the 58th began sailing for New Zealand. Most of the regiment returned to Australia for garrison duty in 1846.


- (commander)


James SHANNAGHAN (master of the band)


Ensign MAYNE (bandsman, cornopean player)

Robert TODD (bandsman)


"MILITARY INTELLIGENCE", The Courier (14 April 1843), 2 

Chatham, Nov. 21. - On Saturday evening, the 19th inst., the third division of the 58th Regiment arrived in Chatham, from Ireland. This division comprises three companies, and their strength 236 rank and file, with 15 sergeants, 11 corporals, and 5 drummers, 39 women and 34 children, under the command of Major Wynyard ... The head-quarters of this regiment arrived here on Wednesday last; they left Dublin on the 12th, and landed at Liverpool on the 13th, having had a very excellent passage; they were only 11 hours crossing the Channel. The head-quarters took the same route as the other two divisions; their strengh is 285 rank and file, l8 Serjeants, 14 corporals, 8 drummers, with a brass band of about 50 men, with 63 women and 66 children, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Frith ...

"MILITARY", The Courier (14 September 1844), 2 

Detachments of the 58th, 99th, 51st, 96th, and 80th regiments have arrived by the Pestonjee Bomanjee. They embarked at Chatham on the 14th May. The 58th, including the band and head quarters, furnish 146 rank and file, with 10 serjeants, under the command of Major Cyprian Bridge, with Captain Nugent of the same corps; 13 women and 27 children belonging to the regiment have come out with them.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 September 1844), 2 

ARRIVALS. September 28. Pestonjee Bomajee, barque, 591 tons, Captain Binnie, from Hobart Town the 21st instant, with surplus stores, &c. Passengers - Major Bridge, 58th Regiment, Mrs. Bridge; Captain Nugent, Ensign Main, and Ensign Middleton, of 58th Regiment; Dr. Pine, 58th Regiment; 158 rank and file of the 58th, and 46 rank and file of the 80th Regiment; 13 women, and 17 children.

"THE MILITARY", Parramatta Chronicle and Cumberland General Advertiser (5 October 1844), 3 

The arrival of the Head Quarters and Band of the 58th Regiment has somewhat elivened our town during the past week. We can say nothing of the Band yet, for the badness of: the weather, and the lateness of their arrival have prevented our at tending, as yet, to their dulcet notes.

Bibliography and resources:

Robert Wallace, Regimental records of the 58th (Rutlandshire) Regiment, now the 2nd Battalion Northamptonshire Regiment (Northampton: Jos. Tebbutt, 1893)

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/58th Foot (Rutlandshire ) Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"58th Rutlandshire Regiment of Foot", Carter's Family History via New Zealand 

"58th (Rutlandshire) Regiment of Foot", Wikipedia 

Band of the 11th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1845

Departed ? 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




- (commander)


Charles William Ferdinand STIER (master of the band)


James CAMPBELL (bandsman, d. 1855)

Henry CUNNINGHAM (bandsman)

Thomas DREWRY (bandsman)

Sebastian HODGE (bandsman, clarinet player)

William THOMPSON (bandsman)



Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, Australia's red coat regiments 

General regulations (1845-46)

Circular memorandum to officers commanding regiments and depôts of infantry, Horse Guards, 12 February 1845;

Reprinted in Addenda to the Queen's regulations and orders for the army, from the first of July, 1844, to the thirty first of March, 1854 (London: Parker, Furnivall, and Parker, 1854), 21-22; also Herbert and Barlow 2013, 276-77

... There can be but one Band in a Regiment, and that must as a matter of course, accompany the Service Companies withersoever they go ...

... no Musicians are to be suffered as a component part of Regimental Depôts; which are entitled to their due proportion of Regimental Drums and Fifes, or Bugles, only.

The number of Drummers on the Establishment of Regimental Depôts having been increased to Six, only Four Lads or Boys are to be permitted to act as Drummers, Fifers, or Buglers, and these so long as they are not of an aged or stature to bear Arms ...

The plea of training Boys for the Regimental Band is altogether inadmissable; all such Boys, or other persons enlisted specially for the Band, must be sent to the Service Companies, with the first Draft after their Enlistment ...

Circular memorandum to officers commanding regiments and depôts of infantry, Horse Guards, 2 April 1846

Reprinted in Addenda to the Queen's regulations ... (1854), 51; Herbert and Barlow 2013, 277

It having been represented to the Commander-in-Chief that the number of Musicians allowed under the present regulation is insufficient, His Grace has been pleased to sanction the employment of a Serjeant and twenty Privates in that capacity for the future in all regiments of the Infantry, with the express understanding, however, that this increased number of Musicians is not to cause additional expense, and that it is not to be exceeded under any circumstances, or upon any pretence whatever. By Command, &c., JOHN MACDONALD, Adjutant-General.

Other bands (UK and colonial)

Standing orders issued to the two battalions, XXth Regiment, at Bermuda, in 1842 (London: W. Clowes, 1845), 24-26 

The Drum-Major.

218. The Drum-Major will have charge of the drummers, fifers, and buglers, and keep their duty roster: he is answerable to the Adjutant for their appearanee and good conduct, for their instruction in every part of their duty, and for the good order of the drums and instruments. [25]

219. He will be careful that all calls and beats are correct, and made at the exact time that may be ordered.

220. He will have charge of the cats for punishment, to be purchased out of the Orderly Room allowance.

221. At all punishment parades he will call out, and write down, the number of lashes as they are inflicted, and see that the Drummers, whom he will previously have practised in some place secure from observation, perform their duty efficiently.

222. By a recent Order from the Horse Guards, it is no longer the peculiar duty of the Drum-Major to post and receive letters; the Commanding Officer is instructed to select some steady Non-commissioned Officer to perform the duty, free of any emolument. When it is necessary to have a postage cash account, the Pay Sergeants will take the duty in turn, the roster being kept by the Sergeant-Major, and the Adjutant seeing that the Pay Sergeant for the duty is provided with money to free the letters.

223. On every change of quarters the Drum-Major will ascertain the different post hours, and put up a paper in the Orderly Room giving the required information. He will collect and post all letters that are not to be prepaid at the office, unless one of the Pay Sergeants be appointed to this duty.

Drums, Fifes, and Bugles.

224. All damage to any of the instruments, arising from carelessness, wantonness, or neglect, will be repaired at the expense of the parties in charge.

225. The necessary repairs of each Company's drum (the Grenadiers' two), arising from fair wear, or unavoidable accident, will be defrayed out of the contingent allowance of the Company, the extra drums out of the Band fund. Every drum will therefore be marked with the letter and number of the Company, and the Captain will occasionally inspect it.

The Band and Instruments.

226. The Musicians will be under the charge of a Sergeant, answerable to the Adjutant for their cleanliness and general regularity, unless the President of the Band Committee take the whole superintendence.

227. The Sergeant will inspect them at every parade.

228. They will mess together; and if the accommodation will not admit of their having a separate room for practice, the Quarter-Master will put them into the largest room which circumstances will permit.

229. The Band Master is responsible for their proper instruction, and will receive his orders direct from the Commanding Officer, and from the President of the Band Committee, to whom he will report when any instrument is damaged. No other parties are entitled to give directions respecting the playing of the Band, either in public, or at private practice.

230. On subjects connected with the discipline or duty, the Master will report to the Adjutant.

231. The Band will parade every Saturday, with their arms and accoutrements, to be minutely inspected by the Adjutant, at any hour which he may appoint, not interfering with their private practice. [26]

232. Each Musician is answerable for the instrument entrusted to his charge, and all repairs, consequent on neglect or inattention, will be made at his expense.

233. Every instrument shall be carefully marked with the number of the Regiment, and the Sergeant will keep a correct list, shewing the condition of each instrument at the last weekly inspection, and the party who has the Charge Of it. [see also manuscript additions]

234. Some member of the Committee will generally attend the weekly inspection, at which the drums, fifes, and bugles will also be examined. In the absence of any Officer, the Band Master will make the inspection.

235. A return (Form 12) of the week's practice will be sent into the Orderly Room every Monday morning, by eight o'clock.

236. No Bandsman shall, under any circumstances, engage himself to play anywhere without the consent of the Commanding Officer; and no instrument shall, at any time, be taken from the Band Room, unless required for duty, or by special permission.

237. The Commanding Officer's consent shall be obtained before the Band; is ordered anywhere; but under no circumstances shall it ever be allowed to attend a dinner, or public meeting, that can in any way indicate a political bias.

238. When they are required to play at the mess or elsewhere, the Musicians will invariably appear Regimentally dressed.

239. The Band Committee will generally consist of a Captain and two Subalterns. If any great expenditure of money is proposed, the matter will be discussed at a mess meeting; but any immediate outlay of smaller amount, considered necessary by the Committee, will be stated in writing for the Commanding Officer's approval. [see also manuscript additions]

Standing orders of the Thirty Fifth Royal Sussex Regiment (Dublin: William Frazer, 1852), 8, 48-50 (band), 75-76 (drum major), 106 

45. Applications for promotion, as well as for furloughs, passes, and other indulgences, are to pass through the Officers commanding companies; furloughs for bandsmen and drummers will be granted at the recommendation of the band committee, or Adjutant, with the concurrence of the Officer commanding the company; 


275. The affairs of the band are to be regulated by a committee, (under the superintendence of the Commanding Officer,) consisting of a Field Officer, or Captain, as President, and the Adjutant, and another Officer as members.

276. The president is to settle all bills, and is responsible for the accounts, which he will close every three months, and read at the quarterly meeting directed to be held under the head of "Officers' Mess," he is to receive the amount of the Officers' subscriptions from the Agents and Paymaster every quarter, and when these are found insufficient to meet the current expences of the band, a report is to be made to the Commanding Officer.

277. The President of the Committee is responsible for the bandsmen as musicians, and will give all orders respecting music to the band master. [49]

278. The Adjutant is responsible for the appearance and discipline of the band on parade, and it is his duty to report to the President of the Committee, whenever any of the belts, swords, &c., become unserviceable, or require repair.

279. The other member of the committee is to assist the President by every means in his power, and frequently to attend the band practice under his directions.

280. The Band Master is to be considered the instructor of the band, subject only to the directions of the Commanding Officer and the committee; no others are to interfere with the practice or public playing of the band.

281. The President, or one of the members by his directions, will, in conjunction with the Band Master, make a minute inspection of all the instruments once in each month.

282. Whenever the band plays in public, the men are to be properly and uniformly dressed.

283. On a march the instruments are to be deposited at the principal hotel, (when practicable before the billets are issued,) and are to be locked up until required.

284. Passes for the band are to be backed by the Adjutant.

285. At the beginning of each furlough season, all bandsmen desirous of obtaining furloughs, are to give their names to the President of the Committee; when the number is not excessive, and the Captains of the companies to which the men belong recommend the indulgence, the President, in conjunction with the Band Master, will regulate the periods at which the men are to leave, in order that the efficiency of the band may not be destroyed, by too great a number of men playing similar instruments being absent at the same time. [50]

286. No sum exceeding £5 is to be expended by the committee for instruments, music, articles of dress, &c., until the consent of the majority of the Officers at head-quarters has been obtained.

287. The Band Master will attend all Commanding Officer's parades, and appear at them in his proper uniform; and always accompany the band when it has to perform in public; if a civilian, he is to be treated with due respect by the non-commissioned officers and soldiers of the regiment, and it will be his duty to make such suggestions to the President of the Committee, as he may consider will be beneficial to the band; he will be responsible to the committee for all printed and manuscript music belonging to the regiment, a full list of which he will keep, and he is to make a minute inspection of all the instruments at least once a month, and report to the President of the Committee any that may be out of repair, and to whom he considers the cost of such repair is chargeable; he is also to keep in his possession a list of the instruments belonging to the band. He will inform the President of the Committee of the day on which he intends making his inspection of the instruments, in order that a member of the committee may be enabled to attend.

288. He is to instruct the band for two hours when practicable, every morning, and attend such practice in the afternoon as he may consider necessary; he is also to instruct the string band, and the choir, each, once a week at least. 

Drum Major.

443. The drum major is under the immediate orders of the Adjutant, he is answerable that the drummers, fifers, and buglers are properly instructed in every part of their duty, that they sound or beat all calls according to regulation, and that their instruments are kept in a perfect state; duplicate lists of which he is to sign and leave with the Adjutant.

444. The drummers, fifers, and buglers are to practise every day under his superintendence, and he is responsible for their efficiency, conduct, and general appearance. [76]

445. He is answerable that the drums or bugles for reveillée, rouse, retreat, tattoo, and practice, are punctually sounded at the proper hours, all other calls are sounded by order of the serjeant major or regimental orderly serjeant.

446. He is responsible for the movements of the band and drummers on parade, and is to be careful, when on the march, to step the proper length of pace, and move in correct time.

447. At a given signal from the band master or serjeant of the band, he is to cause the music to cease by raising his staff, and will immediately do so of his own accord, when there is any danger to be apprehended from frightened horses, &c.; he is charged with, and held responsible for the state of the drummers' room,

448. He is to be most particular in observing a becoming smartness in his dress and carriage. 

641. The drummers, men of the band, and acting drummers, are to be deducted from the strength of the companies to which they belong, to be considered as a separate body, and may be recommended for passes in the same proportion as the other men by the Adjutant, who will attend the orderly room, should any man become a defaulter in consequence, the crime to be entered in all cases by an Officer commanding the company.

Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 5 November 1852 (per Vulcan, from Cork)

Departed Melbourne, VIC, 18 July 1860 (per City of Hobart, for New Zealand) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




- (commander)


Henry JOHNSON (master of the band)

James BURNETT (band sergeant, d.1857)

Joseph William HARTIGAN (band sergeant)

Mr. HUNTER (? bandsman, acting bandmaster)


J. COLEMAN (? bandsman, clarinettist)

James HERRGSTON (HIRRGSTON) (bandsman)

James KINSELLA (bandsman, clarinet player)

J. PHAIR (bandsman)

John PROBAYNE (bandsman)

Mr. STEWART (bandsman, cornet-a-piston)

Henry WEAVER (bandsman)

Many others unidentified

Band of the 40th Regiment, Melbourne, 1850s

Image: State Library of Victoria (DIGITISED)


"THE 40TH REGIMENT", The Argus (5 November 1852), 5 

... The four companies destined for this city consist of 446 men, including the band; there are besides 52 females and 50 children ...

"THE 40TH REGIMENT", The Argus (6 November 1852), 5 

The remainder of this regiment destined for this city, landed yesterday afternoon about two o'clock, and immediately marched to the encampment, the band playing meanwhile. A large crowd assembled to witness the landing, and accompanied them to the Barracks ...

[News], Geelong Advertiser and Intelligencer (11 November 1852), 1 Supplement 

The band of the 40th regiment now charms the Melbourne people, by striking up all manner of airs, near the Bishop's residence. A pleasant change from quarantine.

"THE DEPARTURE OF THE 40TH REGIMENT", The Argus (19 July 1860), 5 

The departure of the greater portion of the remainder of the 40th Regiment from our shores, to proceed to the assistance of their comrades in New Zealand, was an event which yesterday drew thousands of our citizens to witness it ... At a quarter to 11 the order for march was given, and the troops proceeded on their way, headed by the band playing "Cheer Boys, Cheer." Along the St. Kilda-road, and past the Immigrants' Home - where the band of the Collingwood volunteers had assembled to do final honour to their comrades of the line - and then turning along the Sandridge-road, they marched to the place of embarkation ... At 12 minutes to 1 o'clock, the vessel cast off from the wharf, and cheer after cheer rent the air from the spectators, who not only stood upon the pier, but thronged the many vessels alongside. The band of the volunteers struck up a tune, which was certainly an attempt at playing under difficulties, hemmed and crowded in, as the musicians were, by the people around. The troops had just called for "Garry Owen," but the air was certainly not that. The band of the 40th then struck up "Annie Laurie," and the last strains of it came murmuring over the water as the ship fairly started on her way. The City of Hobart took down 210 non-commissioned officers and privates, with the band ...

"THE 40TH REGIMENT", The Victorian Farmers Journal and Gardeners Chronicle (21 July 1860), 11 

On Tuesday [17 July], Major-General Pratt inspected the military in garrison at the New Military Barracks on the St. Kilda road ... The galant Major-General said: "I am a man of few words. I have just received this despatch from Taranaki, containing the number and names of your comrades killed and wounded. You are going to avenge them, and I will be with you" ... Every soldier capable of bearing arms is under orders, including the band. The invalids and convalescents (about forty) will be despatched as they recover, and as opportunity offers. The soldiers are impressed with the idea that, they will not again return to Melbourne ...

Bibliography and resources:

George W. Peck, Melbourne, and the Chincha Islands: with sketches of Lima, and a voyage round the world (New York; Scribner, 1854), 123

There are some very good concerts in Melbourne ... There are not wanting good violinists, and the wind instruments from the band of the fortieth regiment, are as respectable as those in most of our orchestras.

B. and M. Chapman, "2nd/40th Foot (Second Somersetshire) Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

Band of the 12th Regiment (1st batallion)

Regiment arrived 1854

Departed ? 1867 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




- (commander)


Douglas CALLEN (master of the band until 1862)

Henry PRINCE (band sergeant; master of the band from 1862)


E. FAHEY (bandsman, bassoon player)

A. FOWLE (bandsman, clarinet player)

George HARDY (bandsman, later band master)

Edward KEARNS (bandsman)

E. KIM (bandsman, clarinet player)

H. SULLIVAN (bandsman, French horn player)


Patrick FAHEY (drum major)

John EAGAN (drummer, died 1860)

ohn McDANIEL (drum major, until 1858)



Bibliography and resources:

Edward A. H. Webb, History of the 12th (The Suffolk) Regiment 1685 to 1913 (London: Spottiswoode, 1914)

B. and M. Chapman, "1st/12th Foot East Suffolk Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

Ken Larbalestrier, 12th Regiment of Foot (East Suffolk): service in Australia and New Zealand 1854-67

"Suffolk Regiment", Wikipedia 

Band of the Royal Engineers (1850s)

Band of the Royal Sappers and Miners

Arrived Fremantle-Perth, WA, by

Deperted WA, 1861 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[News], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (17 October 1851), 2 

THE Convict Ship "Minden" arrived on Tuesday with 301 Ticket-of-leave men, and a pensioner guard with women and children numbering 111 souls; one convict died on the passage. She has made a quick voyage of 86 days, having sailed on the 21st July. We believe this vessel will quickly be followed by other Government ships, as the local authorities have received intelligence that two companies of Royal Sappers and Miners, numbering 200 men, and two officers of the Royal Engineers were to be sent here, the first detachment of 70 Sappers and Lieut. Wray Engineer Officer being expected to arrive within a month.

Band of the 77th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1857

Departed 1858 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




- (commander)

Pompeo CAVALLINI (master of the band)



Bibliography and resources: 

Band of the Royal Artillery

Active ? August 1857

until ? March 1860 ; ? 1865 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




James Cooper RIDDETT (master of the band, ophecleide, trombone, horn player, composer)

Henry PRINCE (? acting bandmaster 1865)



Bibliography and resources: 

Band of the 50th Regiment (second tour)

Regiment arrived 1866

Departed 1869 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


In an advertisement placed by Jullien and Co., in The New Annual Army List for 1854 (London: John Murray, 1854), a testimonial was printed from "P. CASTALDINI, Band-Master, 50th Regiment of Foot", approving "Brass instruments made by Besson and Antoine Courtois, and also the Wood ditto made by Buffet sold at your establishment".


WADDY (colonel, commander)


Giovanni GASSNER (master of the band)


B. F. DURRANTO (bandsman)



Bibliography and resources: 

Band of the 14th Regiment (2-14th Regiment)

Tour (2nd battalion): 1867

Departed 1870 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




- (commander)


John MILLER (master of the band)

Robert CHERRY (band sergeant)

Henry WARNECKE (sergeant, bandsman)


- (bandsmen)


Robert ROBERTS (drummer)



Bibliography and resources: 

Band of the 18th Regiment

Regiment arrived 1870

Active Australia, March-August 1870 (en route from New Zealand to England)

Departed ? 1871 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)




Michael QUINN (master of the band)


"The Band of the 18th Royal Irish ...", Empire (26 April 1870), 2

"BOTANIC GARDENS", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 May 1870), 4

"HAND BALL MATCH", Bell's Life in Sydney (25 June 1870), 2

"BOTANIC GARDENS", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 August 1870), 4

Bibliography and resources:

B. and M. Chapman, "2nd Battalion/18th Foot Irish Regiment", Australia's red coat regiments 

"Royal Irish Regiment (1684-1922)', Wikipedia

Naval and ship's bands and other visiting bands

Ships' bands' bands (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Band of the Elizabeth (Sydney, 1828)

[News], The Monitor (25 February 1828), 8

CAPTAIN HUDSON of the Ship Orelia, entertained a numerous party to dinner on Thursday last on board his vessel. Upwards of fifty persons dined on the quarterdeck, enclosed with the banners of Old England. The band of the Elizabeth was lent by Captain Cock, for the amusement of the company.

Band of H.M.S. Vindictive (Hobart, 1842)

[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (23 December 1842), 2 

Royal Victoria Theatre ... ON MONDAY EVENING NEXT, under the Distinguished Patronage of Captnin NICOLAS and the OFFICERS of H.M.S. Vindictive: on which occasion the Band of the Vindictive will be in attendance, and play several Favorite Pieces of Music during the evening ...

Band and musical personnel of other regiments later resident in Australia

John DUFFY (forme bandmaster of the Band of the 49th Regiment)

Herr W. EISEN (former bandmaster South Cork Light Infantry Regiment of Militia, Dublin; late bandmaster 7th Royal Fusiliers)

Michael KEANE (former drummer, fifer, drum major, 25th Regiment)

Thomas LEGGATT (former master of the band of the 7th Hussars, oboist, clarinettist, cornet player)

Charles NAGEL (former ensign, 97th regiment, songwriter, composer)

John SHARPE (former band sergeant, 31st Regiment)

John SOLLY (former bugler, 9th Regiment)

Thomas STUBBS (former bandsman, Band of the 24th Regiment, key bugle player)

Spencer WALLACE (former band sergeant and master of the band of the 29th Regiment)

Spencer Wellington WALLACE (former bandsman, band of the 29th Regiment)

William Vincent WALLACE (former bandsman, band of the 29th Regiment)

John WINTERBOTTOM (later bandmaster of the Royal Marine Artillery

ANONYMOUS (? SMITH) 1837 (former Sergeant of the Band of the 16th Regiment)

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (19 July 1837), 3 

SITUATION WANTED. THE Advertiser, an Emigrant, per Lady McNaughten, is anxious to meet with an immediate engagement in the Country, either as Overseer or Storekeeper, or is capable of giving instructions to a Family in Music, having been Sergeant to the Band of the 16th Reginent. His wife is thoroughly competent in Dress and Stay making, or would have no objection to render assistance to the Lady of the house, in housekeeping. He has four Children, two Boys of the age of fifteen and fourteen, who would make their services available to their employer, and two girls of the age of eleven and six. The strongest testimonials can be given. Applications addressed (post paid,) King-street west, two doors from York-street, will be immediately attended to.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 February 1869), 1 

On the 8th instant, by special licence, at All Saints Church, Liverpool, by the Rev. P. Young, ALEXANDER S. CHRISTIE, Esq., second son of the late Captain Christie, R. N., fourth son of the late General Christie, Durie, Fifeshire, Scotland, to MARIANN SMITH, second daughter of the late M. Smith, Esq., B. M., H. M. 16th Regiment, Limerick, Ireland.

ANONYMOUS 1838 (? formerly of the King's Band)

[Advertisement], The Austral-Asiatic Review, Tasmanian and Australian Advertiser (23 January 1838), 3 

MUSIC neatly copied or arranged for the Piano forte by a person late of the King's band. Apply at S. A. Tegg's, bookseller and stationer, Elizabeth street, Hobart Town - ALSO The German Flute and key bugle taught to young gentlemen either at their own houses or the residence of the advertiser.

Bibliography (Australia)

Hall 1950-54

Richardson 1964, "Military music in the colony of New South Wales, 1788-1850"

Pinner 2004, A history of brass bands in New South Wales, 1788-1901

Sargent 2006, "The British garrison in Australia 1788-1841; part 3: bands of the garrison regiments"

Skinner 2011, ... First national music (DIGITISED)

Jordan 2015, "Music and the military in New South Wales, 1788-1809";dn=428841963923204;res=IELHSS (PAYWALL)

B. and M. Chapman, "Australia's red coat regiments (1788-1870)" 

Bibliography (general)

Jacob Adam Kappey, Military music: a history of wind-instrumental bands (London: Boosey and Co., [1894]) 

Henry G. Farmer, Memoirs of the Royal artillery band: its origin, history and progress: and account of rise of military music in England (London and New York: Boosey & Co., 1904) 

Henry George Farmer, The rise and development of military music (London: Wm. Reeves, 1912) 

C. Ffoulkes, "Notes on early military bands", Journal of the Society for Army Historical Research 17 (1938), 188-200

David Murray, Music of the Scottish regiments: cogadh no sith (war or peace) (Edinburgh: Mercat Press, 2001) 

Trevor Herbert and Helen Barlow, Music & the British military in the long nineteenth century (Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2013) (PREVIEW)

Other resources

Will Kimball, trombone 

Kimball has collected and presents an invaluable virtual archive of historical images of military and other bands, with special attention to trombones, serpents, and ophecleide; see especially the tabs "Trombone history timeline", "Iconography".

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2017