LAST MODIFIED Thursday 6 June 2019 9:34

Leopold Rawack (Ravac) and Amalia Rawack

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "Leopold Rawack (Ravac) and Amalia Rawack", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 16 September 2019

RAWACK, Leopold (RAVAC; Leopold RAVAC, Leopold RAWACK)

Violinist, merchant

Born Gloglau, Silesia, Prussia, c.1819 (in "aged 33" in 16 February 1853 naturalisation papers; "aged 54" at death)
Arrived (?1) Sydney, 1843
Departed 1843 (for Hamburg)
Arrived (1) Adelaide, SA, 13 April 1846 (passenger per Cacique, from Singapore)
Departed (1) Sydney, 3 September 1846 (per Emerald Isle, for Calcutta)
Arrived (2) Sydney, 22 October 1852 (per Formosa, from Southampton, 7 August)
Died Darlinghurst, 12th January 1873, aged 54 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

RAWACK, Amalia


Pianist (pupil of Thalberg and Liszt)

Born Pest (Budapest), ? 1830-32
Married Leopold Rawack, Vienna, 1853
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 July 1854 (per Norna)
Departed Sydney, 6 February 1861 (per Duncan Dunbar, for London)
Died Vienna, 15 December 1915 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Summary (Leopold)

According to his 1853 naturalization certificate, Leopold Rawack was a native of Gloglau, Silesia, as Ludwig Leichhardt had earlier confirmed in a letter of 1846. In a 1856 report on the insolvency of his company, it was stated that he had first visited New South Wales in 1843, though there is no record of his presence in the colony before 1846.

Spelling his surname as Ravac, he had given performances on the violin in Hong Kong in May 1845 and in February 1846 in Singapore, in both places with associate artist, pianist Frederick Fiebig. He then sailed on the Cacique, arriving first in Adelaide in April 1846, where he gave 2 concerts with pianist Julius Imberg, a pupil of Moscheles, who had himself arrived there from Bremmen only 3 months earlier. Both of them then continued with the Cacique, first to Melbourne, where they gave a concert on 15 May, and then to Launceston, where Rawack finally left the ship. They gave concerts in there, and in Hobart during June and July, before sailing from Launceston on 15 July for Sydney.

In Sydney Rawack found a new associate in Stephen Marsh, and the two left for Calcutta in September. Marsh reported to friends in Sydney that they had quarrelled there and parted ways, though both reportedly went on to London.

As Leopold Rawack, he next returned to Sydney in 1852 with his brother Theodore, to set up in business as shipping agents. He left Sydney again on the Chusan in April 1853, bound for Alexandria, and then for Vienna, where he married Amelie Mauthner. The couple arrived back in Sydney on the Norna in July 1854. He served as a committee member of the Sydney Philharmonic Society, and was a member of the organising committee of the Sydney University Musical Festival in July 1859. However, he henceforth played only as an amateur, and was never again billed by name. An 1877 account also mentions that he was leader of a string quartet.


On Frederick Fiebig, British Library online gallery, blog post, 2009, 2015


Julius Imberg (1846)

Stephen Hale Marsh (1846)

Ludwig Leichhardt (1846)

Summary (Amalia)

Amalie (in Australia, usually Amalia) was daughter of Zacharias and Theresia Mauthner and pupil of pianist-composer Anton Halm (1789-1872). She began to appear in public in Vienna in 1844-45 at around the age of 12, as well as giving concerts in Pest (1845), Wieselburg (1845), Karlsbad (1846) and Pressburg (1847). Her early programs included compositions by Hummel, Chopin, Thalberg, Döhler, Halm, Weber, Liszt, Leopold von Meyer, and Émile Prudent.

In 1853 in Vienna, Amalie met Leopold Rawack, and they married shortly afterward and moved to Australia. Their only daughter was born in 1856, but died in infancy in February 1858. Only two months later, Amelia appeared in public as a soloist for the first time, in the first of a series of concerts she gave under her own auspices, and later with and for others, including the Sydney Philharmonic Society. At one of her concerts, in May 1858, with "a gentleman amateur" violinist (probably her husband Leopold) and the cellist Edward Smith Deane, she gave the local performance of the last three movements of Mendelssohn's D-minor Trio, Op. 49.

According to the Novara diarist Karl Scherzer, Amalia intended from first arrival in Australia to return to Vienna as soon as finances allowed. Apart from the concert performances, she was successful teaching: "The most prestigious and richest families in Sydney's regarded it as a special favor and weighed it in gold to have their children trained as pianists by Mrs. R." (Scherzer). She separated from/? divorced Leopold, and returned to Vienna in 1861. There in 1865 she married the pianist Julius Epstein (1832-1918).

Edward Boulanger dedicated his Polka di Bravura to Amalia, and she gave its first performance in Sydney in July 1858; Boulanger later published it as the Impromptu Polka in 1862, again with the dedication to her.

Her own composition, a waltz, Novara-Klänge, which was published in Germany in 1861, had probably actually been composed in Australia, during the Novara's visit, and plausibly for the ship's own band.


? "HAMBRO' BEEF", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 January 1843), 3 

[Review], Der Wanderer 32/12 (14 January 1845), 48 

Wiener Concert-Conversation. (Alfred Jaell's zweites Concert. Sonntag am 12. Jänner im Saale der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde.) ... Alfred Jaell spielte heute die "Lucrezia-Borgia - Phantasie" und die "Stumme von Portici-Phantasie" von Thalberg, dann "Elegie" von Heinrich Albin, "Etude für die linke Hand" von Döhler, das "Kindermährchen" (zweimal) von Moschelles, und endlich mit Amalie Mauthner das neueste Duo concertant über Norma - Motive von Thalberg ... Die Aufnahme Jaell's von Seite des zahkreich versammelten Publicums war eine fehr ehrenvolle; besonders lebhaft war der Beifall während der letzten Piece, die aber auch ganz vortrefflich von der talentvollen, liebenswürdigen Amalie Mauthner und dem Concertgeber in der geschmackvollsten, graziösesten Zusammenwirkung vorgetragen wurde ...

[Review], Der Wanderer 32/31 (5 February 1845), 124 

Baron Klesheim's Akademie zu Wiener-Neustadt. Am 24. Jänner 1845. (Schluß) Außer dem Genannten nahmen an dieser Akademie noch folgende Beschäftigte Theil: 1. die zwölfjährige Pianistin Amalie Mauthner. Ich habe den Taufschein des Mädchens nicht eingesehen und kann onach nicht verbürgen, ob Amalia Mauthner nicht einige Jährchen über das angegebene Dutzend aufzuweisen vermöchte; im merhin, sie bleibt eine seltene Erscheinung und ich wünschte dieselbe nach 12 Jahren zu hören, wenn es übrigens zu dieser Zeit ja noch Concerte und Concertirende gibt. Amalie Mauthner spielte ihre beiden Piecen (ich habe kein Programm bei der Hand, um sie mit Namen zu nennen) auf einem herrlichen Streicher'schen Flügel, welchen ein Verfertiger zu diesem Zwecke unentgeldlich hieher sfchaffen ließ.

[Advertisement], The Friend of China and Hong Kong Gazette (28 May 1845), 796 (transcr. Sweeting, Education in Hong Kong, 24-25)

NOTICE. MESSRS. FIEBIG & RAVAC beg respectfully to announce to the Public that on Thursday the 29th inst. they intend giving AN EVENING CONCERT In which with the kind permission of Colonel Reynolds and the Officers of the 18th Royal Irish, they will be assisted by The Military Band of that Regiment.
1. Cavatine from the Semiramis by Rossini ... Military Band.
2. Souvenir de Bellini by Ariot for Violin ... Ravac.
3. La Sarabanda, Grand divertimento for Pianofort composed for this occasion ... Fiebig.
4. Da Melancholie by Paume, for Violin ... Ravac.
5. Duetts, Romeo and Julietta, by Bellini ... Military Band.
6. Adagio elegico, by ernst for Violin ... Ravac.
7. The Cells, composed and played by ... Fiebig.
8. Carnival of Venice, Variations by Ernst & Ravac ... Ravac.
9 God save the Queen ... Military Band.
Reserved seats, $5, unreserved seats, $3. Tickets may be had on application at Mr. C. W. BOWRA or at the office of the Chinese Mail. The Concert will commence at 8 o'clock precisely.

[News], The Straits Times (15 July 1845), 2 


[Ship passengers], The Straits Times (7 February 1846), 2 

[Advertisement] & "MR. RAVAC'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Straits Times (21 February 1846), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (15 April 1846), 1

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (22 April 1846), 3

"Local News", South Australian (24 April 1846), 3 

On Tuesday evening, Mr. Ravac gave his concert at the Freemason's Tavern, and we feel great pleasure in reporting that it even surpassed the expectations formed of it. Mr. Ravac (who, we understand, is voyaging for his health), is a violin player of very high ability. Indeed, connosseurs confider that he would be acknowledged in Europe as a first-rate performer. It is, therefore, needless to say that we enjoyed the entertainment. Each of his solos were listened to with breathless attention; and the "Carnival of Venice," with the extraordinary pizzicato passages, a la Paganini, was enthusiastically encored. Mr. Imberg played on the piano some brilliant variations by Hunter [Hunten], and two or three pleasing fantasies, with splendid execution. The audience departed well content with the concert, though by two person only. We are delighted to observe, from an advertisement in another column, that Mr. Ravac will favor the public with another entertainment this evening, in which he will be assisted with the valuable vocal services of Mrs. Murray.

"LOCAL INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Register (25 April 1846), 3

"MUSIC", The Australian (26 May 1846), 3

"MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT", Launceston Examiner (30 May 1846), 4 (MORNING) 

Some professional gentlemen of celebrity have arrived by the Cacique, and intend giving a concert here before proceeding to Hobart Town. Mr. Ravac, the principal performer, is spoken of in terms of unqualified admiration. Upon reference to the Singapore, South Australian, and Port Phillip papers, we find flattering notices of his entertainments, and can venture to anticipate a treat not often experienced in this dull locality. At Hong Kong, Manila, Batavia, and Singapore, as well as Adelaide and Melbourne, Mr. Ravac appears to have received an uniform praise; and the highest attestation is borne to his surpassing abilities as a violinist. In the Straits Times and Singapore Journal of 25th Feb. we find the following notice: "Mr. Ravac, a German by birth, received his musical instruction from the famous Baillot at Paris, where he exhibited several times with much success. Last year he was advised to make a sea voyage in order to restore his tottering health; in consequence of this recommendation he embarked at Hambro on board a merchant vessel bound to China. At Hongkong, Canton, and Macao, his talents were universally admired, and whenever he was heard loud and long was the general applause bestowed upon him: the Chinese newspapers of July last have given their testimony of this fact. From China he sailed to Manila, where the same favorable enthusiasm awaited him; the Philharmonie established at Manila named him honorary director of their society, and honoured him by presenting him with a gold medal."

"THE CONCERT", The Courier (17 June 1846), 2

"The Concert", The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (18 June 1846), 3 

We were agreeably surprised to see the Music Hall, on Friday evening last, so well attended, considering that the tickets of admission were six shillings each, a price far beyond the amount most persons can afford under the existing circumstances of the times. About one hundred, however, were present, many of them well able to approciate the extraordinary talent evinced by M. Ravac. We have never heard such a performance out of England, and to attempt any thing more than a very brief description of it, would be as futile, as absurd. It was a treat of the richest kind to the professional musician, and the amateur, and also, to those, who, having souls for melody, yet have no practical knowledge of the art. We could allude to it in terms of enthusiasm, so perfect are his instrumental powers. The manner of Mr. Ravac's performance is that of the foreign schools; M. Leffler's style is mild, although sufficiently energetic, and always gentlemanly, without any action of the body, throwing about of the head, and arms, or other outward appearance of what is passing mentally within. Wo have always considered M. Leffler's fingering of the violin, and his movements of the bow, such as are seldom exceeded, and not often equalled, away from the European operas. Mr. Rayac is of another teaching, and, in the unbounded enthusiasm he apparently entertains for sound, his whole soul is thrown into its production, on the correctness of which even his life appears to hang. He is therefore the very contrast to Mr. Leffler in that respect, for every muscle is thrown into action; - we do not mean to say, vulgarly so, on the contrary, the style is amusing. As an instance: He is about to produce some extremely difficult note; the bow is on the string, his head is down, almost upon it, listening like a mother for the first note of her newborn child; it thrills the air, or merely whispers joy, or sorrow, and that first note is over; then on, and on, and on, in a, manner, as we have already said, indescribable. M. Ravac had been highly spoken of by several Provincial Newspapers, and we also gladly respond to his merits. He is a foreigner, come amongst us in the time of peace; he comes, not only for his own advantage, but, his coming shows to what excellence of sound the violin can be made available, when in the haands of a Master. We wish him every success, and, that he may ieavo the Colony for his native land, (after having travelled through several others,) impressed with a kindly feeling, not only for any attentions he may receive as a private individual, but from the generous consideration which we hope will be shown to his undoubted talent. We take the liberty of asking, Would it not be well for the Choral Society to receive him as an Honorary Member, and give him, as a first class performer, and a respectabled foreigner, a public reception?

Ludwig Leichhardt, letter to William Macarthur, Sydney, 1 August 1846 (ed. Aurousseau, Letters, III, 888):

Tomorrow I wish to pay a visit to Mr Ravac, who is from Glogau in Silesia not very far from my own country; he called on me yesterday but I had too much to do ...

"MR. RAVAC'S Concert", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 August 1846), 2

"MUSICIANS", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 August 1846), 2

"MR. MARSH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (2 September 1846), 2

"PROFESSIONAL TRICKERY", The Port Phillip Patriot and Morning Advertiser (5 September 1846), 2 

PROFESSIONAL TRICKERY. - Mr. Ravac's concert on Wednesday, had a more fashionable audience than I have seen at anything of the kind for a long time, of course, the great attraction lay with Sir Charles and Lady Mary. This being their maiden visit at any public entertainment. Mr. Ravac's musical powers seemed to have received an additional stimulus by the presence of his distinguished visitors, for he exhibited his artistic gifts more effectively than on either of the two preceding occasions. I am sorry to say that we shall lose this gentleman next week - he proceeds to Calcutta, accompanied by Mr. Marsh, the Harpist, and gives his farewell concert on Monday. As an instance of the petty professional envy and malice that exists here, I may mention that Mr. Ravac having obtained permission from the Bishop, to hold his soirees in the school room, Castlereagh-street, - and which of course is not "only licensed" in that behalf - certain of the small fry in the vocation were instituting arrangements to lay an information against their fellow (but more talented) labourer. By this magnanimous device, a double object would be effected - the fine - £50! would most effectually take the gilt off Mr. Ravac's gingerbread, in respect to his profits, and, as one half of the fine goes to the informer, the personal exchequer of the said belligerent rival would be materially aggrandised! The plot, however, became known just in sufficient time for Mr. Ravac's friends to avert it. The facts were laid before the Colonial Secretary, who, with great kindness and good feeling, took the trouble, not only to prepare the required licence himself, (it being then evening, and of course after office hours), but to forward it to Mr. Ravac immediately. It arrived about half-past seven o'clock - just in time before the opening of the doors. The knavish, tricks therefore of the ungenerous enemy were happily frustrated - the teeth have been shown, but the power to bite has keen taken away. But qui invidet minor est you know. India is abstracting all our talent. Messrs. Ravac and Marsh leave us next week. Monsieur and Madame Gautrot, with Mrs. Bushelle and her brother, Mr. Wallace, contemplate and early departure, and some "lesser stars" are about to follow them. - Sydney Correspondent.

[Advertisement], The Australian (5 September 1846), 2

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Sydney Chronicle (5 September 1846), 3

"MR. MARSH", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1847), 2

"MULTUM IN PARVO", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1848), 2


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 October 1852), 1s

Certificate to naturalize Leopold Rawack, 17 February 1853; State Records, NSW

Leopold Rawack of the City of Sydney, Merchant . . . a native of Glogau, in the province of Silesia and Kingdom of Prussia, Thirty three years of age . . . having arrived by the ship "Formosa" in the year 1852 . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (18 May 1855), 1 

NEW PIANOFORTE MUSIC by MISKA HAUSER - Just published, price 2s 6d. each, "Chanson d'Amour," dedicated to Madame Montifiore; and a Mazurka, dedicated to Madame Rawack . . . W. J. JOHNSON and CO., 57, Pitt-street . . .

"PORT OF HOBART TOWN. ARRIVALS", Launceston Examiner (28 August 1855), 2 

WILHELMSBURG shipping list: Hamburg to Hobart Town, Van Diemens land, 1855; Wayne D. Knoll, posted 16 January 2013 

ERSTE CAJUTE PASSAGIERE . . . RAWACK, Ludwig M 21 Fraustadt, Preussen, PRUSSIA Kaufmann ...

"INSOLVENCY OF RAWAK AND COMPANY", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 August 1856), 4

. . . This is an Appeal by the Representatives of Theodore Rawack, late of Hamburgh, deceased, who was formerly a partner in the firm now insolvent . . . Leopold Rawack had left this colony in 1843 [sic], in order to make certain arrangements in Hamburgh. On his arrival there, the brother (who was largely in advance for the firm, and was entitled to one-half of its profits, if any, with interest also on his advances), having been some months deceased, the latter's Representatives called on him for a settlement. The Sydney house had previously remitted £1000, it appears, to Theodore Rawack, to be paid to one Nathan; but the money was retained by the Representatives, (they claiming a right to do so, on some ground not explained, nor to be explained without reference to them), and Nathan sued Rawack for the amount. In this state of things, the accounts between the firm and the deceased's representatives were gone into, by them and Leopold Rawack mutually; the amount of advances was settled at a certain sum; the profits, which up to that time were known to be large, were put at another sum; and the following arrangement was entered into for the liquidation . . .

"DEATHS", Empire (19 February 1858), 4 

DEATHS. On the 16th instant, at Woolloomooloo, Leonie Julia Harriet, only daughter of Mr. L. Rawack, aged one year and nine months.

[Advertisement], Empire (5 April 1858), 1 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 April 1858), 1 

MADAME AMALIE RAWACK'S CONCERT at the School of Arts, TO-MORROW (Thursday), April the 8th.
1. Sanger Marsch, "German Liedertafel" - Zelbner.
2. Piana Solo, Grand Fantaisie, "Somnambula" - Madame Amalie Rawack - Thalberg.
3. Violin Solo, "Andante and Rondo di Concerto" - Mr. Miska Hauser - Hauser.
4. Piano Solo, variations sur des motifs de l'Opera "Guillaumme Tell" - Madame Amalie Rawack - Dohler.
1. Tager Lied, "German Liedertafel" - Mendelsohn.
2. Duo brilliante, for piano and violin, on airs from the opera "Der Freischutz" - Madame Amalia Rawack and Mr. Miska Hauser - Hauser
3. Solo Sax Horn, "Lucrezia Borgia" - A Gentleman Amateur - Donizetti.
4. Violin Solo "Blue Bell of Scotland" - Mr. Miska Hauser - Hauser
5. Piano Solo, "A La Fauvette (Nordish Song) - Willmers.
6. Grand Hungarian March - Madame Amalie Rawack - F. Liszt.
Tickets, at 7s. 6d, and gallery tickets 5s., to be had at Messrs. Clarke's, Mader's, and J. M. Leigh, George-street; Messrs. Parrot, Brothers, Hunter-street; Mr. Johnson, Pitt-street; and School of Arts. Doors open at half-past seven. To commence precisely at 8 o'clock. Special Omnibus will leave after the Concert for Woolloomooloo, Glebe, and Miller's Point.

"MADAME RAWACK'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 April 1858), 4

MADAME RAWACK'S CONCERT. - On Thursday evening this lady not only achieved all the success which we anticipated, but has shown herself entitled to rank with those great artistes whose names are so familiar and so pleasing to the cars of the musical world. The hall of the School of Arts was filled by an enthusiastic and fashionable audience, and the accomplished lady received the warmest plaudits, which her great and delightful performance so richly merited. The programme was remarkable for being throughout good, and the principal performers certainly two of the greatest artistes in the world. Of Miska Hauser, we need not speak; he is unmistakably a great favourite, and a musician of the highest order. He adorns whatever he touches, and the exquisite pathos with which he renders melody impresses the most fastidious hearer with the feeling that nothing could be added, improved, or taken away. With the fair and elegant débutante, Madame Rawack, we are charmed - a pupil of Thalberg and Liszt, she is herself an artiste of the highest order. To wonderful execution and power she adds genius and grace. Her performance of the greatest difficulties is accomplished with the finest touches of light and shade, and a complete conception of the composer. We have never heard more perfect pianoforte playing, and, added to this, the grace and lady-like bearing of Madame Rawack at the instrument is a lesson to our daughters which we hope will be many times repeated - in fact we feel that a repetition of Madame Rawack's concert would be a boon to our rising community. We have been so absorbed with Madame Rawack and Miska Hauser, that we have not said one word about the gentlemen amateurs whose "German Liedertafel" delighted the audience so much. We thank them, and only wish our countrymen would imitate their delightful style of song. We do not forget either the fine solo on the saxhorn by a gentleman amateur - his "Vieni la mia Vendetta" - was very good.

[Advertisement], Empire (17 April 1858), 1 

MADAME AMALIA RAWACK begs to announce that her second CONCERT will take plaoe, at the School of Arts, on MONDAY, April 19th.
1. Duo - "Peace to the Dead" - Loder. Madame S. Flower and Mr. Howson
2. Piano solo. Fantaisie - "Lucrezia Borgia" - L. de Mayer. Madame AMALIA RAWACK
3. Cavatina - Mercadante. Madame S. Flower
4. Violin solo on "Airs de Donizetti" - Hauser. Mr. M. HAUSER
5. Ballad - "When we recall the happy scenes." Mr. Howson.
6. Piano solo- (a) l'Hirondelle (the swallow) - Prudent; (b) Gallop chromatique - Liszt. Madame AMALIA RAWACK
1. Duo, piano and violin - Andante and variations, and Finale of the "Grand Sonato of Beethoven.
2. Ballad - "I dream of thee" - Barker. Madame S. Flower
3. Violin solo - "Mother's prayer. Adagio religioso." Ole Bull. Mr. M. HAUSER
4. Cavatina -" A Se Diro." Mr. Howson
5. Piano solo - "God save the Queen" - Fantaisie, by Thalberg. Madame AMALIA RAWACK.
Conductor, Mr. Stanley.
Tickets at 7s. 6d; family tickets, admitting four persons, one guinea; and gallery tickets, 5s.; to be had at Messrs. Johnsons, and Scbool of Arts, Pitt-street; Messrs. Parrot, Brothers, Hunter-street; Messrs. Clarke, Mader, J. M. Leigh, and Buist and Sons, George-street. N.B. - Doors open at 7; to commence precisely at 8 o'clock.

"MADAME AMALIA RAWACK", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1858), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 May 1858), 1 

MADAME AMALIA RAWACK begs to announce that her THIRD CONCERT will take place at the SCHOOL OF ARTS, MONDAY next, May 17th.
1. Trio - Andante, Scherzo and Allegro Finale - Piano, violin, and violoncello ... Mendelssohn. Madame Amalia Rawack, a Gentleman Amateur, and Mr. E. Dean.
2. Cavatina, "Ah forte en lui," [Ah forse e lui] Trovatore. Verdi. Madame Sare Flower.
3. Violin Solo, - "La Melancholie," Pastorale ... Prume. A Gentleman Amateur.
4. Duo, "Twine the Lily and the Rose", Madame Sara Flower and Mr. Howson.
5. Piano Solo, - "Fantaisie Guillaume Tell," ... Dohler. Madame Amalia Rawack.
1. Duo for Piano and Violin, - Fantasie from the Huguenots - Thalberg and de Beriot. Madame Amalia Rawack and a Gentleman Amateur.
2. Ballad, - "Angry Words," composed expressly for Madame S. Flower. J. Howson. Madame Sara Flower.
3. Piano Solo, - A) La Campanella, little bell. Taubert; B) Gallop chromatique ... Liszt. Madame Amalia Rawack.
4. Recit and Air, - "What is the spell" ... Rooke. Mr. John Howson.
5. Piano Solo, - "Souvenir of Great Britain", Schulhoff. Madame Amalia Rawack.
Mr. H. Marsh will preside at the piano.
Tickets, 5s. each. To be had at Messrs. Clarke, Mader's, J. Leigh's, Buist and Son's, George-street; Messrs. Parrot, Brothers, and Moss, Hunter-street; Messrs. Johnson and Co., and the School of Arts, Pitt-street. Doors-open at 7; to commence precisely at 8 o'clock.

"MADAME AMALIA RAWACK'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 May 1858), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1858), 1 

PATRON: His Excellency the Governor-General. PATRONESS: Lady Denison.
The First CONCERT of the Season will take place in the Great Hall of the Sydney Excbange. THIS EVENING.
1. Overture - Cheval de Bronze (Auber).
2. Glee. By Celias Arbor.
3. 7th Concerto, Andante and Allegro, violin (De Beriot) - Gentleman amateur.
4. Scena and Aria (Verdi) - Gentleman amateur.
5. Andante and Presto, from No. 52, Symphony (Haydn).
1. Overture - Zampa (Herold).
2. Song - Man of War (Hatton) - Gentleman amateur.
3. Fantasia, pianoforte - L'Elisir D'Amore (Thalberg) MADAME AMALIE RAWACK.
4. Vocal quartet.
5. Solo, flute. Jeanette and Jeannot - Gentleman amateur.
6. March - Le Prophete (Meyerbeer).
Doors open at a quarter-past 7; concert to commence at 8 o'clock precisely. Gentlemen will please to attend in evening dress; and in order that the concert may not be prolonged to an inconvenient length, the audience are particularly requested not to encore. Mr. J. DEANE, Conductor. H. R. WEBB. Secretary.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1858), 1 

PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE. - Grand Vocal and Instrumental Concert - MADAME AMALIA RAWACK begs to announce that her last CONCERT will take place on TUESDAY, July the 6th, at the PRINCE OF WALES THEATRE, under the patronage of his Excellency the Governor-General and Lady Denison.
Part I.
1. Overture - Zampa (Verdi) [recte Herold] - The gentlemen of the Philharmonic Society, and the Band of H.M. 12th Regiment, through the kind permission of Colonel Percival and the officers of the 12th Regiment
2. Glee - Spring's Delight- The gentlemen of the Glee Society
3. Piano Solo - Grand Fantasie on airs of Lucretia Borgia (Liszt) - Madame Amalia Rawack
4. Solo - Truth in Absence (Harpur)- Madame Sara Flower
5. Violin Solo - Grand Fantaisie, Lucie di Lammermoor (Artot) - Gentlemen amateur
6. Piano Solo - Fantasia, God Save the Queen and Rule Britannia (Thalberg) - Madame Amalia Rawack.
Part II.
. 1. Overture - Domino Noir (Auber) - The Gentlemen of the Philharmonic Society and the band of H.M. 12th Regiment
2. Glee - Sweet gentle Lady - The Gentlemen of the Glee Society
3. Piano Duo - Thalberg's Fantaisie on Airs from the Huguenots (expressly arranged for two pianos for this occasion, by Boulanger) - Madame Amalia Rawack and Mr. Boulanger.
4. Song - Ballad, When Sorrow sleepeth (Land) - Madame Sara Flower.
5. Piano Solo - Polka di Bravura (dedicated to Madame Rawack) Boulanger - Madame Amalia Rawack.
6. March from the Opera, Le Prophete (Meyerbeer) - the gentlemen of the Philharmonic Society, and the Band of H.M. 12th Regiment.
Finale - God save the Queen.
Conductor: Mr. John Deane.
Leader: Mr. C. Eigenschenk.
Accompanist: Mr. Cordner.
Dress circle and parquette seats, 5s.; upper boxes, 3s.; pit 2s; gallery, 1s. Tickets to be had at Messrs. Johnson and Co., Pitt street; Messrs. Leigh, Buist and Son, Mader, George-street; Mr. Moss, Hunter-street. Application for boxes to he made to Messrs. JOHNSON and CO.; and MONDAY and TUESDAY, at the Box Office, Prince of Wales Theatre, through CHARLES HOWARD, agent.

"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1858), 5 

. . . The chief attraction was of course the performance of Madame Rawack, and certainly never before in this colony have the wonderful productions of Lizt [Liszt] and Thalberg been performed with so much taste, correctness, and brilliancy of the pianoforte as they were last night. Any lengthened eulogy would be superfluous, but we may reasonably expect that as Miss Catherine Hayes gave an impulse to the study of vocal music, and as Miska Hauser sang sweetly in favour of the violin, the performances of the fair artiste who has obtained so complete a mastery over the pianoforte will exercise considerable influence in the musical world . . .

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 August 1858), 11

Karl Scherzer (on board the Novara), journal, Sydney, NSW, 7 November 1858; MS A2635 (17 September 1858-26 August 1859), State Library of New South Wales, trans. Dymphna Clark, 1995 (TRANSCRIPTION)

[Sunday, 7 November 1858] . . . In the evening, at Herr Kirchner's home, I met a Viennese lady called Amalie Mauthner, the well-known pianist, who, for the past 5 years, has been married to a local merchant called Rawack (born in Silesia). In 1853 Rawack came to Vienna with letters of credit made out to Weissenstein and [46] all the world congratulated the charming, highly educated, but impecunious Fraulein Mauthner when they heard that she was going to marry a rich merchant from the goldmining district of Australia. The young couple departed and by the Overland Mail they quickly reached the land of their hopes and dreams. But now the scene changed. The first to come on board to greet Madame Rawack was her husband's partner, who also brought the news that the firm was bankrupt. Since then Madame Rawack lives a very retired life, maintaining herself and her husband by teaching (piano lessons). She is said to earn between £800 and £1000 a year by this means. However this is hardly more than enough to cover their living expenses and put a little by for emergencies. Herr Rawack is now a broker but only earns a bit occasionally as he is not trusted. Madame Rawack wants to return to Europe and Vienna as soon as circumstances allow. Although she is an excellent concert-pianist and also charming, attractive - in short, brilliant in appearance - she is not able to make large sums by giving concerts etc. The expenses are apparently inordinately high.

"Die 'Novara' unde die Deutschen in Australien", Magazin für die Literatur des Auslandes (17 March 1859), 129

. . . Nachdem in Sydney bereits ein Konzert und ein "Bürger-Ball" fattgefunden hatten, bei welchem die Offiziere und die gelehrten Mitglieder der Novara-Expedition (Dr. Scherzer, Dr. Hochstädter &c.) als Ehrengäste erschienen waren und wobei die Herren unter Anderem Gelegenheit hatten, das meisterhafte Spiel einer in Sydney wohnenden, aus Wien gebürtigen Pianistin, Madame Rawack, zu bewundern, veranstalteten die deutschen Vereine am Mittwoch den 23. November Abends auf dem Dampfboote "Washington" eine Sängerfahrt . . .

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1858), 1 

"MADAME RAWACK'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1859), 5 

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1859), 9

Hofmeister: Musikalisch-literarischer Monatsbericht Band 1861, 32

[Advertisement], Empire (29 January 1861), 6 

N.B. -POSITIVE SALE, On THURSDAY, the 31st, at ll O'CLOCK. *.* A SALE OF MADAME RAWACK'S CELEBRATED GRAND PIANOFORTE, NOT BEING EFFECTED PRIVATELY. MR. ROBERT MURIEL has received positive instructions from Madame Rawack, to sell by public auction, at his Rooms, Wynyard-street, on THURSDAY, the 31st instant, at 11 o'clock precisely, Her magnificent grand, with all the latest improvements, in rosewood. *.* The maker of the above instrument obtained the head prize at the Great General Exhibition. It is inlaid with gold, and originally belonged to the Emperor of Austria - seven octaves, - and it is the instrument that Madame Rawack has performed upon at all her concerts. N.B. - Particulars of the above, and cards to testify the quality of the same, can be had gratis, on application to the Auctioneer, ROBERT MURIEL, Auctioneer, Wynyard-street. Terms, cash.

"DEPARTURES", Empire (19 February 1861), 3

"MADAME RAWACK IN AUSTRIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1861), 5

MADAME RAWACK IN AUSTRIA. - To the numerous musical dilettanti of Sydney, and especially the admirers of the genius of this talented artiste, who, for so long a period held a sway in Sydney as one of the finest pianists ever heard in this colony, the following notice will not prove uninteresting. We extract and translate it from one of the latest dates of the Viennese daily newspapers, theOesterreichische Zeitung: -

It will be recollected that Madame Rawack left Sydney some months since, on a visit to her native town and country, and it cannot fail to be gratifying that the high estimation in which she was held here should he seconded with far greater enthusiasm in a country where great musicians are "to the manner born." The Austrian Gazette, in criticising a grand concert given for charitable purposes at Sauerbrunn, the fashionable summer resort of the gay Viennese beau monde, after speaking of the merits of the great vocalists who took part in the concert, says: "And now let us come to the principal novelty of this truly splendid entertainment, the re-appearance, after her return from the Antipodes, of Madame Rawack, who, even as a young girl, excited the most intense interest in the artistic world of Vienna, from her extraordinary talent as a pianist, but from whom Hymen doomed us to so long a separation. Madame Rawack played Thalberg's "Sonnambula Fantasia," in what with truth may be said to be a masterly manner. Her execution now combines a full, powerful, and marked emphasis with the most delicate fingering; the most brilliant bravura skill united to a truly classical, but yet expressive repose in the development of the greatest difficulties - qualities but too seldom found in the modern examples of the world of virtuosi. Long, long after Frau Rawack had left the instrument, and had reappeared to acknowledge the compliment, did the tumultuous applause continue." Indeed, it seems to have been rumoured that the young men of the town intended convoying Madame Rawack in triumph to her residence, but that this idea was negatived by a hint from the authorities, lest, as in Denmnrk, Bavaria, and other places, the scene might be converted into the occasion of a political émeute.

"BOULANGER'S IMPROMPTU POLKA", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1862), 4 

BOULANGER'S IMPROMPTU POLKA. - We have much pleasure in drawing the attention of our musical readers to the above charming composition, just issued from the press. The work itself does not require our recommendation, having been played with great popularity by Madame Rawack and the talented composer many times. Although entitled a polka, it is in every respect a concert piece, and must become a favourite practice with all advanced performers on the pianoforte. We cannot but give the highest credit to the publisher, Mr. Clarke, of George-street, for the correct and excellent style in which the Impromptu has been produced, the engraving being of the best character, and printed with unusual neatness, besides being embellished with a finished portrait of the composer by Mr. Thomas.

Karl Scherzer, Narrative of the circumnavigation of the globe by the Austrian frigate Novara ... undertaken by order of the imperial government, in the years l857, 1858, & 1859 ... (London: Saunders, Otley and Co., 1863), volume 3, 55-56 

... Here also our thanks are due to an estimable Austrian lady, a native of Vienna, who, wafted on the pinions of Hymen to Australia, has not a little contributed to uphold in that distant region the gentle dignity of the Viennese ladies, and the renown of Germany for musical supremacy. This lady, widely known in artistic circles as Mlle Amalie Mauthner, is now Madame R---, having a few years since married a German gentleman settled in Sydney. Quitting her home under the most auspicious anticipations for the future, the newly-married lady arrived in Sydney just in time to see her husband's house of business succumb under the first of the great financial crises. Instead of a life of affluence and ease in the gold country, the sorely-tried lady was compelled to display her irresistible energy and activity by availing herself of her eminent musical attainments. The charming artist was speedily recognized and cordially supported in Sydney. The wealthiest and most distinguished families considered it an especial favour to be permitted to place their children under Mad. R---'s tuition. Her concerts became the most fashionable of the season, and the dark cloud which had gathered above the young inexperienced wife [56] on her arrival in Australia, had, thanks to her marvellous energy and activity, gradually been dispelled, leaving a bright sunny horizon of felicity and content.

"THE EXPLOSION IN BRIDGE STREET", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 March 1866), 2

"INSOLVENCY COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (18 January 1867), 2

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", Empire (2 June 1870), 3

"DEATHS", Empire (14 January 1873), 1

"Musical and Dramatic Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (21 June 1873), 21

"STRINGED QUARTETS. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 June 1877), 5

SIR. With the remarks of your critic on the performance of the Musical Union yesterday evening, I think everyone present will agree; he is, however, in error, in stating that "stringed quartettes are an entirely new feature in concerts here". I heard very good performances by the Deanes and others thirty years ago in Sydney; later by a quartette, of which the late Mr. Rawack was the leader, and quartettes of the Chamber Concerts given by Mr. and Mrs. Herman [? Herwyn]. Many persons spent very pleasant evenings it the residence of a well-known musical chemist here, where Beethoven and Mozart ruled the hour, through the interpretations of musicians of ability on stringed instruments. I remain, sir, yours, &c, MUSIC OF OLD TIMES. June 1."

"MUSIC. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1887), 11 

Musical works

Novara-Klänge, Walzer . . . Amalie Rawak-Mauthner (Triest, Münster, 1861)

Hoffmeister 1861, 32; NO COPY IDENTIFIED


Brewer 1892, 62 (DIGITISED)

... Madame Rawack was another pianist to whom the Sydney musical public were for a considerable time indebted for admirable readings of high class compositions. Herr Rawack had previously appeared as a solo violinist, his first performance taking place in what is now the Girls' High School, in Castlereagh-street, Sydney ...

"Epstein, Richard (1869-1919), Pianist", Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950, Bd. 1 (Lfg. 3, 1956), S. 259 

Epstein Richard, Pianist. * Wien, 26. 1. 1869; + New York, 1. 8. 1919. Sohn des Julius E. (s. d.) aus dessen Ehe mit der Pianistin Amalie Mauthner (+ 1916) ...

Skinner 2011, 252-54, 421 (DIGITISED)


Hanna Bergmann/Annkatrin Babbe, "Mauthner, Amalie", Sophie Drinker Institut 

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2019