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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–K

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–K", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 19 September 2019

- K -


Flute player (New Queen's Theatre), Master of the German Band

Active Adelaide, SA, 1848 (TROVE search)


[Advertisement], South Australian (18 February 1848), 2 

NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE ... The Orchestral Department will be considerably augmented, and consist of - Mr. Lee (leader), Mr. Richards (second violin), Mr. Thomson (violincello), Mr. Poltridge (cornet-a-piston), Mr Hewitt (trombone), Mr Swift (tenor), Mr Kaebet (master of the German Band, flute).

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (9 October 1848), 1 

NEW QUEEN'S THEATRE . . . A Choice Selection of the most admired pieces from the Operas of Cinderella, Bohemian Girl, Fairy Lake, Crusaders, La Somnambula, etc., etc . . . Instrumental Performers: Leader .. Mr. Lee, Mr. Richards (second violin), Mr. Thompson (violoncello), Mr. Kaebet (flute), Mr. Hewitt (trombone), Mr. Hertz (double bass), Mr. Hauffman (tenor) . . .


Pianist, composer (pupil of W. A. Laver)

Born Melbourne, VIC, 1873
Active Melbourne, VIC, 1890s
Died Killara, NSW, 12 August 1927 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1881), 1

"Mr. Laver's Concert", Table Talk (2 October 1891), 14 

[Advertisement], The Argus (24 May 1894), 8

"A New Waltz", Cobram Courier (16 July 1896), 7 

A new musical composition, entitled the "Zenda Waltz," by Miss Emilie Kaeppel, a gifted and accomplished young lady residing in St. Kilda, was played by Herr Schwartz's band at the Homeopathic Hospital ball held in the Melbourne Town Hall on June 24th. The waltz, which is published by Messrs Glen and Co., Melbourne and Sydney, is a sparkling yet simple piece of music, the time being well marked, while the composition throughout gives evidence of much ability an the part of the composer and excellent judgment so far as the public taste is concerned. The waltz includes five movements, each one having a charm peculiarly its own, and each being sufficiently faithful to the true waltz time to recommend the piece both for ball room and the musical circles. Critics in the city to whom the piece has been submitted pronounce it a very brilliant composition, indicating a knowledge of technique as well as the possession by Miss Kaeppel of good musical taste.

"Personal Gossip", Critic (8 January 1898), 9 (with photo portrait)

MISS EMILIE KAEPPEL, A Melbourne Musical Composer. Miss Emilie Kaeppel, of Melb., whose portrait is reproduced in this issue, is one of the few ladies living who can extract melody from that much-abused instrument, the piano. The popularization of the piano, and the comparative cheapness of modern instruction (of a kind !) are both factors which have done all they can to bring the fine old instrument into general disfavor; but, nevertheless, its manipulation by a skilful executant and natural musician has never lost its power to charm. It is sad that these instances should be rare - veritable oases in a desert of discordant chaos! Howbeit, Miss Kaeppel has established her right to be regarded as one of the few true pianoforte exponents in Melbourne; and the fact that she has already published several very acceptable waltzes - with more to follow - has added not inconsiderably to her reputation. Miss Kaeppel, who is 23 years of age, has, of course, been a musical student from early childhood.

"ENGAGEMENTS", Melbourne Punch (5 May 1898), 19 

AMONGST the most interesting and unique features of the Old Colonists' Carnival will be . . . many novel and attractive features in connection with the musical programme. A new march, entitled "Carnival March," has been specially composed for the occasion, and dedicated to the Old Colonists of Victoria by Miss Emilie Kaeppel, of St. Kilda. The composition is of a very characteristic and pleasing nature . . .

"MARRIAGES", The Australasian (24 February 1900), 55 

"Picture Exhibition on H.M.S. Renown", The Age (9 June 1920), 9 

"DEATHS", The Argus (17 September 1945), 2 

Musical works:

The carnival march composed by Emilie Kaeppel, dedicated to the Old Colonists of Victoria, in The Tatler [Melbourne] (21 May 1898), 25-30 (DIGITISED)


Not to be confused with her sister-in-law, Emilie Annette Edwards (Mrs. Carl Herbert Kaeppel), from whom she (Emily) may have appropriated the spelling for her own forename.

KAHN, Esther

Composer, violinist (pupil of Josef Kretschmann), music therapist

Born London, 17 February 1877
Arrived Australia, c.1884
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1890
Died ? Sydney, NSW, 1963 (NLA persistent identifier)"Esther+Kahn" (TROVE search)

KAHN, Heinrich A. (Harry)


Died May 1929


"COMPLIMENTARY CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (12 April 1890), 8

"New Music", Australian Town and Country Journal (19 May 1894), 9

"NEW AUSTRALIAN MUSIC", Freeman's Journal (26 May 1894), 16

"PERSONAL", The Brisbane Courier (31 October 1911), 9

Musical works (pre-1901):

3 works in The Australian musical album 1894 no. 1

(Sydney: W. J. Banks, 1894)

Bereavement (composed by Esther Kahn; words ... by Henry Cargill), 22-24 

Birthday thoughts (composed by Esther Kahn), 32 

Improvista (composed by Esther Kahn), 39-40 

See also W. J. Banks, "Biographical notes": 

Esther Kahn was born in London on 17th February, 1877. When quite young she came to Australia with her parents, who settled in Sydney. Displaying great aptitude for music, her father entrusted her at the age of seven, to that very successful Master, Herr Joseph Kretschmann, under whose tuition she has made rapid progressive strides. She is now a brilliant Pianiste, and has performed at several first-class Concerts, meeting with great success. Being of a retiring disposition, she is but seldom heard in public, but still diligently continues her studies. She has composed over forty pieces for the Piano, and "Birthday Thoughts," which appears herein, was her first effort at composition.


Sergeant and master of the band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs), vocalist, violinist, violoncellist, composer

Born Dublin, Ireland, 23 October 1793
Arrived Sydney, NSW, via Hobart Town, VDL (with Buffs Head Quarters), 29 August 1823 (on the Commodore Hayes, from England)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 28 January 1827, with regiment (on the Woodford and Speke, for India)
Died ? Ireland, ? (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


Bandsman 3rd Regiment (Buffs)


Choir leader (Catholic Chapel)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by July 1829


Some attention has been paid to Kavanagh by family and military historians, especially those whose chief interest is his son, Thomas Henry Kavanagh (1821-1882) of Lucknow, VC, hero of the Indian Mutiny. According to Thomas Henry's biographer, D. H. Parry (1898):

The year of grace 1821, which saw the death of the great Napoleon, witnessed the birth of a son to Bandmaster Kavanagh of the 3rd Buffs, at the town of Mullingar, in County Westmeath Ireland.

Records confirm that the birth took place on 15 July 1821, to Thomas Kavanagh and his wife Catherine Murphy (b. 19 March 1899 at Borris Carlow). Thomas Henry's autobiography, How I won the Victoria Cross (London: Ward and Lock, 1860), contains no reference to his childhood or parentage, except to say, in 1859, that he had been away from Europe for 30 years, suggesting that he may have joined Kavanagh senior in India around 1829.

Registration of Thomas senior's birth has been plausibly traced to 23 October 1793, Dublin, Old St. Mary's Parish, which fits with the date of his first mention in 3rd Buffs records as a drummer boy in 1804.

Kavanagh (also Kavenagh, Kavannah, Kavannagh, Cavenagh) arrived in Sydney with the Buffs' Headquarters, on 29 August 1823, and disembarked on the following afternoon, the troops marching "to their quarters in the Barracks, the full Band of the 3d Regiment playing the whole of the way."

I have found no specific mention of the band in the press during 1824; however, they were evidently well known by the time of the Anniversary Dinner in January 1825, when it was reported: "The Band of the 3d (or Buffs) Regt, attended, and performed, in their usual masterly and exhilirating Style, several delightful airs and melodies." According to regimental records, Kavanagh's band in Australia consisted of himself ("sarjeant"), and 10 rank-and-file musicians: Zachariah Berry, John Blake, William Booth, William Kavanagh (Thomas's brother), Harry Keyser, Henry Lincoln, John May, Thomas Mylett, John Sullivan, and Edward White. In 1825, for services at St. Philip's Church, the Government made payment to "Serjeant Kavanagh, and others for conducting the psalmody on Sunday mornings, from 7th March, to 7th Sept." For a Sunday service at St. James's in August 1826, Kavanagh's band, and George Sippe's band of the 57th regiment "paraded to and from the church", and several of the bandsmen also "assisted in the choir-they performed an appropriate anthem, [on Pope's] Vital Spark of heavenly flame, with some effect". And, a young chorister in the Catholic Chapel at the time, Columbus Fitzpatrick late in life recollected Kavanagh's playing a leading role, along with fellow bandmaster Joseph Reichenberg, in Catholic worship.

Kavanagh's famous and much-cited advertisement of "ORIGINAL AUSTRALIAN MUSIC" first appeared in the Sydney press on 5 January 1826:

ORIGINAL AUSTRALIAN MUSIC. Dedicated, by Permission, to His Excellency Sir Thomas Brisbane, K. C. B. &c. &c. &c. and by Permission of His Honor the Lieutenant Governor. MR. KAVANAGH, Master of the Band of the 3d Regiment, begs to acquaint the Gentry of Sydney and its Environs, that he has lately composed the following Pieces, which are now submitted at his Quarters in the Military Barrack, where Copies may be had: General Ralph Darling's Australian Slow March; General Darling's Quick Step; Mrs. Darling's waltz; His Honor Col. Stewart's Slow March, Hail Australia! Sir Thomas Brisbane's Grand Australian March; Sir Thomas Brisbane's Grand Australian Quick March; Lady Brisbane's Waltz; My Native Distant Home (Scotch Air); Currency Lasses; The Trumpet sounds Australia's Fame (Song). Mr. K. in submitting to the Australian Public this Specimen of National Music, trusts he will meet with that Encouragement he will be always studious to merit.

All the music is lost, although Currency lasses was probably an arrangement of Tempest Paul's quadrille later published in London. Otherwise, of the bravura song, The trumpet sounds Australia's fame, performed in July at the Sydney Amateur Concerts, the complete text survives separately, as printed in the Gazette (26 July 1826). Later in the series, at Clarke's benefit on 9 January 1827, "Mr. CAVANAGH was principal second violin". The Gazette also reported a few days later:

Mr. Cavenagh, we understand, is about to have a Benefit Concert, under very distinguished patronage. As a musician, Mr. C's talents rate high, and his exertions, on all occasions, to please, will, we have little doubt, procure him a liberal and substantial mark of public favour. A rich and varied musical treat, we are informed, is in preparation, and some new music, vocal and instrumental, composed by Mr. Cavenagh, will be produced on this occasion.

However, the concert appears not to have taken place, as the Gazette later clarified: "Mr. Cavanagh, we understood, was about to have a Benefit Concert ..."). Kavanagh and the band departed for India, with the Buffs headquarters on the Woodford and Speke on 28 January 1827.

Kavanagh was still in Calcutta with his regiment in November 1831, when he was reported performing with his band at Calcutta Town Hall. And though he is unlikely to have returned to Australia, it is possible that one of his relatives did, perhaps (? his brother) William. When a temporary Catholic chapel opened in Sydney in mid-1829, it was reported:

The music is excellent, the leader of the choir (a Mr. Cavanagh, lately arrived from Ireland) having undertaken to conduct it for twelvemonths.

For more on Kavanagh, see also:

Sydney Amateur Concerts of 1826-27

Tempest Paul and Currency Lasses


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

"SHIP NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 September 1823), 2

"COMMEMORATION DINNER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 February 1825), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 August 1825), 3

"ECCLESIASTICAL ESTABLISHMENT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (3 October 1825), 1

"PUBLIC DINNER", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (10 November 1825), 3

"Sydney Intelligence", Colonial Times and Tasmanian Advertiser (2 December 1825), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (5 January 1826), 3

[Advertisement], The Australian (5 January 1826), 1

"THE AMATEUR CONCERT", The Monitor (21 July 1826), 5

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 July 1826), 3

"THE CONCERT", The Australian (22 July 1826), 3

"SYDNEY AMATEUR CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 July 1826), 3

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (26 July 1826), 3

[News], The Australian (23 August 1826), 3

"Subscription Concert", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (11 January 1827), 2

[News], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (16 January 1827), 2

[Editorial], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 January 1827), 2

"Shipping Intelligence", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 January 1827), 3

[News], The Sydney Monitor (4 July 1829), 3

"ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SONS OF ST. ANDREW AT THE TOWN HALL", Calcutta Magazine and Monthly Register 25 (1832), 34

. . . The Buff's band, well known for its excellence, under the guidance of Mr. Kavannah Senr. its master, were in attendance, and occupied the Re-union stage as an Orchestra . . .

Columbus Fitzpatrick, "REMINISCENCES OF CATHOLICISM IN THE EARLY DAYS OF THE COLONY", Freeman's Journal (25 November 1865), 741 

... In 1825 there were a great number of soldiers in this country and as it happened, the Bandmaster (Mr. Cavanagh) of the 3rd Buffs was a Catholic, as also the Bandmaster (Mr. Richenberg) of the 40th Regiment, an Italian and a great musician ... and it was a common thing to have five or six clarinets, two bassoons, a serpent, two French horns, two flutes, a violincello, and first and tenor violin, and any amount of well-trained singers, all bursting forth in perfect harmony the beautiful music of our Church ... There being as I said before, two Catholic bandmasters in Sydney at that time, there was a spirit of emulation in the bands to see who could do most for the Church, and as Mr. Cavanagh the bandmaster of the Buffs was a fine singer, he gave is the benefit of his voice in addition to playing the violincello. Such choruses I have never since heard ...

Bibliography and resources:

D. H. Parry, Britain's roll of glory, or the Victoria Cross, its heroes and their valor (London: Cassell and Company, 1898), 159 (DIGITISED)

Hall 1951-54

Christopher Hibbert, The Great Mutiny: India, 1857 (London: Allen Lane, 1978), 332, described young Kavanagh at Lucknow as "a tall, muscular, talkative, ludicrously vain Irishman of thirty-six"

C. J. Duffy (ed.), Catholic religious and social life in the Macquarie era: as portrayed in the letters of Columbus Fitzpatrick (1810-1878) (Sydney: Catholic Press Newspaper Company, Ltd., 1966), 17-19

Covell 1967, 10

Patrick O'Farrell, Documents in Australian Catholic History: 1788-1883 (Sydney: G. Chapman, 1969), 32-33

Skinner 2011, 80-87 (DIGITISED)


? Amateur vocalist, architect, surveyor

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by July 1849
Died Berlin, Germany, May 1876


Vocalist, teacher of singing, piano tuner

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by May 1850
Active Ballarat, VIC, by 1863
Died Ballarat East, VIC, 15 September 1904, aged 83 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The architect Frederick Kawerau (or "Kaverau", "pronounced Carvero"), from Germany, first advertised in Melbourne in July 1849, and his (?) brother Theodore Kawerau as a singing teacher in April 1850. With "Mr. S. Kawerau" (probably recte Frederick), Theodore was also advertised to appear in Music Class performance on 30 May for Thomas Reed. Theodore sang in two concerts in Melbourne in December 1850, and another in Geelong, in the latter billed with "F.K. (and or J.K.; ? Frederick), Julius Buddee, and Elizabeth Testar. One or other of the brothers continued to appear occasionally in concerts (for instance, in Melbourne, with Octavia Hamilton in July 1863), and in Ballarat in June 1863 Theodore was honorary secretary of the newly formed Ballarat Vocal Union, under the leadership of Austin Turner.


[Advertisement], The Argus (31 July 1849), 3

A CARD. MR. F. KAWERAU, ARCHITECT AND SURVEYOR, (from the Royal Academy, Berlin.) ...

"ARCHITECTURE", The Argus (3 August 1849), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 April 1850), 3 

SINGING. MR. T. KAWERAU, from Koenigsberg (Prussia) at the request of numerous friends, intends to commence Tuition in the Art of Singing, in Melbourne and its vicinity, for terms, apply to Mr. J. Buddee, Russell street.

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 May 1850), 2 

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 December 1850), 3

[Advertisement], Geelong Advertiser (16 December 1850), 2 

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 December 1850), 2

"SOCIAL", The Star (24 June 1863), 1s

[Advertisement], The Argus (13 July 1863), 8

"SHIPPING FOR THE MONTH", Illustrated Australian News (1 February 1869), 35

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (14 April 1874), 2 

Mr Frederick Kaverau, the designer and architect of the Kew Lunatic Asylum, left Victoria about eight years ago for Germany. Mr. Kaverau since then has occupied the position of City Architect of Dantzig, and last December he was appointed by the municipality of Berlin as chief inspector of the underground sewerage, which latter work is to be one of the most extensive sewerages in Europe. It is with great pleasure we note this piece of good news to our readers, especially as Mr. Kaverau has been one of the first pioneers in Victoria, is well known to the profession, and has a large circle of friends in this country. We may add that the gentleman who has thus obtained professional position in Europe is brother of Mr. Kaverau, of Messrs Hepburn and Leonard's office, Ballarat.

"Deaths", The Argus (24 July 1876), 1

"Deaths", The Ballarat Star (15 September 1904), 2 

KAYE, Samuel

Singing-master, professor of music, organist, music seller, organ builder, arranger, music publisher, music and musical instrument importer and seller

Born Huddersfield, 11 June 1829 (son of John KAYE and Ann/Elizabeth EARNSHAW)
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, March 1855 (unassisted immigrant per Hastings)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, after July 1876 (for Queensland)
Died Toowong, QLD, 17 November 1895, aged 66 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


At the time of his marriage in January 1860, Kaye was singing-master of Melbourne's Denominational Schools. In January 1865, prior to his departure on a trip to Europe, the St. Kilda Glee and Madrigal Society, of which he was the conductor, gave a concert in his honour. Back in Collins-Street east, Melbourne in September 1866, "Mr. David Lee and Mr. Samuel Kaye (professors of music)" opened a Pianoforte and Harmonium Warehouse. As a musical partnership, they served as conductor and organist of the Melbourne Philharmonic. They continued to run the business, as "Lee and Kaye", for ten years, until in 1876 Kaye sold up his personal effects and left the colony, and Allan and Co. took over the premises.

Lee and Kaye published at least two local compositions, George B. Allen's song A wild night (poetry by Henry Kendall) in July 1870; and So far away (written by Emery Gould; composed by Sidonia; dedicated to to Miss Lennon, Geelong"). Kaye was also responsible for another publication, Music for the Masonic Order, being Ritual No. 1 selected and arranged by Bro. Samuel Kaye (Melbourne: Masonic Musical Union, [n.d.]),


[Advertisement], The Argus (27 August 1855), 8 

PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. FOURTH SUBSCRIPTION CONCERT ... Tomorrow (Tuesday) Evening, 28th inst ... PART II. From Handel's "Israel in Egypt." ... Duet - The Lord is a man of war ... Mr. Kaye and Mr. Bancroft ...

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (11 January 1860), 4

[News], The Argus (12 January 1865), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 September 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (16 December 1868), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 July 1870), 3

[News], The Argus (1 August 1870), 4

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 December 1875), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 July 1876), 3

"THE SCOT'S CHURCH", The Argus (25 July 1876), 7

"ALLAN AND CO.'S NEW MUSIC WAREHOUSE", The Argus (5 October 1876), 10

? "THE MUSICAL ARTISTS' SOCIETY OF VICTORIA", The Argus (28 February 1887), 9

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (9 July 1891), 1 

I, SAMUEL KAYE, hereby give notice that I have This Day taken my son, WALTER CHAMNEY KAYE, into Partnership with me in the business of a Musical Instrument Importer, heretofore carried on by me at 94 Queen street, Brisbane, and that the said business will hereafter be carried on under the style of S. Kaye & Son, Dated at Brisbane this First day of July, 1891. (Signed) SAMUEL KAYE. Witness: H. B. Hemming, Solicitor, Brisbane.

"Current News", The Brisbane Courier (18 November 1895), 4

The many friends in Brisbane and throughout Queensland of Mr. Samuel Kaye will receive with regret the announcement of his death, which took place at his residence, Toowong, on Sunday. Mr. Kaye, who was 67 years of age had been ill for fourteen weeks. The deceased gentleman arrived in Melbourne in 1854 [sic], and held a leading position in musical circles there till 1876, when he came to Queensland, and engaged in business in Brisbane, his music warehouse being one of the leading establishments of that kind in Queen street. Mr. Kaye was widely and favourably known in the colony. He leaves a widow and a family of three sons.

Bibliography and resources:

Carne 1954

KEANE, Michael

Drummer and fifer, drum major (formerly of 25th Regiment), convict

Born Tipperary, Ireland, c. 1795
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 2 May 1820 (convict per Seaflower)


"AUTOBIOGRAPHY (Of a Botany Bay Hero)", The Australian (11 November 1826), 4

A memmorandom of the corproal punshment and solitary confinment that I underwent sence the 5th June, 1805, untill the 26th September, the yeare 1826: -

The 5th June, the yeare 1805, I listed in the 25th Regiment, lying at that time in the Castle Barrack's in Limrick, in Iriland; I very soon fell in with compaions that lead me into all kind mischeiff, which brought me sooner to feill the affecttes of punshment then I should have dun if I had kep my owne companey; I was indused by two of then to stop out of Barrack's day and a night, and losing a fife, I recavid seventy-five lashess on the britche; the Regiment went to Formoy; and on my routh there 1806, for losing a bealt and drum, which was stoel from nie at Broff,, I recavid one hundered lashess on the britch, and this I got through a yeoman drummer takeen them from the house I was billited at ... I often thought to desart, but I did not, this hapenned in the yeare 1807. The Regiment came to Formoy the second time, and I was fifer of the main-guard ...

On the 2d January 1809, there was orders came from the Cammander-in-Chieff, that the 25th Regiment was to go to assiste in taken Martinquaeso from the Freinch ... the Island ... was taken from the Franch after three months, and seventeen days, at the loss of nine thousand fourne hundered and six men killed. I went to the Island of St. Kitts, wheare I was transferred from the band to the ranks ...

I landed in Sydney the 2d May, 1820, wheare the mother of misfortuane kep close to me, and still remains a compaione of mine ...

... I still remain, the same Michael Keane ...

Bibliography and resources:

Jen Willetts, "Botany Bay Hero", Free settler or felon? Botany Bay Hero.htm 

KEARNEY, Patrick

Harp owner, ? harpist

Active Campbell Town, TAS, 1865


"INSOLVENT COURT", Launceston Examiner (16 December 1865), 3

In re JAMES JOSEPH POLLARD, of Launceston, pianoforte maker. Second meeting and on application for discharge. Mr. Butler appeared for insolvent. Insolvent, examined by Mr. Campion - I know Mr. Patrick Kearney of Campbell Town. I received from him about 14th or 15th Nov., 1864, a harp to repair; I was to receive £7 for the repairs; it was to be repaired within any time convenient to myself; there was a written agreement that the harp should be repaired within four months, but that was only given to show his right to the harp in case of my death, &c. ...

... I think I told you the harp was worth £15; on the following Saturday it was taken to Mr. Tucker's auction rooms and sold; it was not advertised; a man named Weippert, a brother-in-law of mine, took away the harp for sale; I attended the sale; my brother-in-law bought the harp for Mr. Wadham for 30s. Mr. Wadham paid for it in my presence. The ordinary price of a modern harp is from [200] to £500. This harp is about a hundred years old. That would not make it more valuable than a modern harp, for it is only single action. Modern harps are double action ...

ASSOCIATIONS: James Joseph Pollard; Albert Francis Weippert

KEARNS, Edward (Edward KEARNS; Edwin KEARNS)

Clarionet player, bandsman (Band of the 12th Regiment), bandmaster (Coldstream Brass Band), composer

? Born c. 1839
Regiment in Australia, 1854-67
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1861; Maitland, NSW, by 1875; Sydney, until 1895 or later;
? Departed NSW, for Canada, 1905

See also Band of the 12th Regiment


"CORONER'S INQUEST", Empire (19 September 1861), 5

An inquest was held yesterday morning, by the City Coroner, at the Lord High Admiral Inn, Surry Hills, touching the death of a male infant, named Frederick Michael Kearns, aged two months. It appears from evidence received, that deceased was the only child of Edward Kearns, a bandsman, of the 12th Regiment. During the last six weeks, deceased had been suffering from thrush, which prevented it suckling sufficiently for its support. It received no neglect, and medicine was administered, but without effect, and deceased expired in convulsions about a quarter past seven on Tuesday evening last. Verdict - Died suddenly from natural causes.

[News], The Argus (6 February 1875), 7

"VOLUNTEER PARADE", The Maitland Mercury (14 December 1875), 2

"NEWS OF THE DAY", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1880), 5

"The Courts", Evening News (11 March 1891), 2 

Edward Kearn, 52, musician, was charged with having been the bailee of a clarionet, the property of Peter Richards, he did fraudulently appropriate the same to his own use. Prosecutor lent accused the instrument. When prosecutor asked for it accused said he did not know where it was. Two months' hard labor.

"BENEFIT CONCERT AT BALMAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 June 1895), 6

? "PRESENTATION", The Dubbo Liberal and Macquarie Advocate (8 April 1905), 6 

"THE HOME OF OUR COADJUTOR-ARCHBISHOP: ST. BENEDICT'S STORY", Freeman's Journal (12 October 1922), 12 

[1858] ... Father Corish then started a band in connection with the society, and very soon twenty instrumentalists were enrolled under the tuition of Mr. Steer, who was connected with the Royal Artillery, stationed at Dawes Point. The band, however, was afterwards taken in hand by the late Sergeant Prince, of the 12th Regiment, stationed at the Victoria Barracks. He was assisted by Edwin Kearns, a clarionet player. The musical ability of the band was quickly recognised on all sides, and their services were requisitioned for all movements connected with parish affairs ...

Musical works:

Don't go, Molly darling (ballad; "music by Edward Kearns; words by F. Mears"; "especially composed for Mr. Beaumont Read of Madame Bishop's company")


Teacher of Pianoforte and Singing

Active Hobart, TAS, 1862


[Advertisement], The Mercury (7 October 1862), 1

KEERS, John R (Master J. R. KEERS)

"The wonderful Child Violinist, the young Australian Paganini"

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1887
Active Dubbo, NSW, 1904-07


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 August 1887), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 January 1888), 2

"Liedertafel Smoke Concert", The Cumberland Argus (2 March 1889), 2

"A PROMISING VIOLINIST", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1894), 6

"A VIOLINIST", The Dubbo Liberal (30 January 1904), 2

"THE KEERS PRESENTATION", The Dubbo Liberal (18 December 1907), 2

[Advertisement], The Register (10 April 1909), 12

KEIDEL, A. (? Augustus; KIERDEL)

Musician, flautist, clarinettist, bandmaster (Adelaide Amateur Brass and Reed Band)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1848-51
? Died Ballarat, VIC, 30 July 1860, aged 45


[Advertisement], South Australian (29 February 1848), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (6 October 1848), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (13 March 1849), 3

"AGRICULTURAL AND HORTICULTURAL EXHIBITION", South Australian (22 February 1850), 2

"DECLARATION OF CONFIDENCE IN MR. JOHN STEPHENS", South Australian Register (7 March 1850), 2s

"MOUNT BARKER AGRICULTURAL ASSOCIATION", South Australian (29 March 1850), 2 

[Advertisement], South Australian (5 July 1850), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 April 1851), 2

"DEATHS", The Star (6 August 1860), 2


Amateur tenor vocalist, music reviewer (The Argus, 1869-89)

Born London, 1831
Arrived Victoria, 1852
Died Richmond, Melbourne, VIC, 7 March 1889, aged 57 (TROVE public tag)


[Advertisement], The Argus (24 November 1854), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (20 February 1855), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (29 July 1869), 8

[News], The Argus (30 July 1869), 4

"Deaths", The Argus (19 April 1881), 1

"Deaths", The Argus (8 March 1889), 1

"DEATH OF MR. H. KEILEY", The Argus (8 March 1889), 7

The death of Mr. Henry Keiley, which we regret to have to announce this morning, removes from journalistic and musical circles of this colony a very prominent figure. Mr Keiley, who was best known as the musical critic of The Argus, occupied that position for upwards of 20 years, enjoying during that time the entire confidence of the office, the close fellowship and goodwill of his colleagues, and the friendship of all the members of the musical profession with whom he was brought into contact. His genial and gentle personality will be much missed it is no empty compliment to his memory to say that he was always upright in giving judgment and while he had to deal with performances and appearances of all kinds of artistes, from the greatest who have visited these shores to the aspirants among our native born population, he was always careful that he criticised with dignity, praised when praise was deserved, encouraged when encouragement was necessary, and condemned when the interests of the public demanded it. He never fell into the common error of regarding criticism as an opportunity for fault-finding but, on the contrary, he placed before his readers a bright picture of the occurrence, conjoined with solid information, which rendered his notices a musical education in themselves. He was born in London in 1831, and nurtured among musical surroundings. At a very early age he was made familiar with the efforts of performers of the first rank, and during his youth, though his avocation lay in business in the city, he was always moving among musical people. He came to Victoria in 1852, and sought his fortune at Pleasant Creek (now Stawell). Afterwards, when the gold fields waned, be, in 1869, joined the staff of The Argus as musical critic. As has been said, he retained that position until his death, and the value of the work he did is appreciated by all who have studied it. Mr. Cowen before his departure publicly expressed surprise at the high standard of musical criticism in Melbourne. It was Mr. Keiley who was entitled to the credit of having established that standard. In late years Mr. Keiley suffered much from visitations of gout, and during the currency of the Exhibition, when his labours were most arduous, he was compelled to take a rest. He did not regain strength, not ever, and died last night at 1 o'clock, after eight weeks' illness, from congestion of the brain and gout. He was attended by Dr. Moloney and Dr. Eisner. His funeral will leave his residence, 141 Church street, Richmond, at half past 2 o clock on Saturday afternoon.

"A SERVICE OF SORROW", The Argus (11 March 1889), 8

Stage works:

Alfred the great, a dramatic & musical fancy written and arranged by Marcus Clarke and Henry Keiley [the music composed by Fred Lyster and Alfred Plumpton] (Melbourne: Nicholson & Ascherberg, [1879]) 


KELLERMANN, Frederick (senior)

Musical amateur; pianist, foundation committee member of the Sydney Philharmonic Society

Died Sydney, NSW, 1898 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

KELLERMANN, William (Frederick William KELLERMANN, senior; KELLERMAN)

Instructor in Vocal and Instrumental Music

Active Sydney and Maitland, NSW, by 1853 (brother of the above)
Died Darlinghurst, Sydney, NSW, 15 June 1891, in his 71st year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"A pupil of the celebrated Mr. Staudigl of Vienna", presumably Joseph Staudigl (1807-1861), William was in partnership with his brother Frederick (father of Frederick Kellerman, junior, below) as merchant traders in Sydney and Maitland by 1853.

Having withdrawn from the business, Kellerman appeared in Maitland in concerts in June 1855 and advertised as a music teacher in December. Members of the Maitland Philharmonic Institute gave him a benefit concert in November 1858. Together with Dr. Charles Horn and Marmaduke Wilson, he organised a concert in "aid of the distressed in Lancashire" in August 1862. By December 1863, having meanwhile sold of his lost piano, harmonium, music, books and furniture to creditors (to be actioned in January 1864), he had relocated and was teaching again in Sydney.


[News], The Maitland Mercury (13 June 1855), 2

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (5 December 1855), 3

"CONCERT ON BOXING NIGHT", The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (29 December 1857), 2 

On Saturday night a second concert was given at the School of Arts by Miska Haueer and Boulanger . . . Mr. W. Kellermann sang aeveral songs, including Kathleen Mavourneen, and was accompanied on the pianoforte by Mr. F. Kellermann - those gentlemen contributing much to the gratification of the assembly.

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (18 November 1858), 3

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (19 August 1862), 1

"MAITLAND PHILHARMONIC INSTITUTE", The Maitland Mercury (16 May 1861), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 December 1863), 1

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (9 January 1864), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1891), 1

KELLERMANN, Frederick William (junior)

Professor of Piano and Theory, violinist

Born Sydney, NSW, 23 May 1860 (son of the above)
Died Paris, France, 8 October 1907, aged 47 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



Pianist, composer

Born Cincinnati, Ohio, USA, 12 October 1858
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by April 1878
Married Frederick William Kellermann, Sacred Heart, Ashfield, 18 December 1882
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 18 July 1907 (for London and Paris)
Died Paris, France, 14 July 1914 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)



Daughter of the late Chief Justice of New Caledonia, Alice Charbonnet "of the Conservatoire of Paris" (1876-77), made her Sydney debut as a pianist in April 1878. In 1882 she married Australian-born violinist Frederick Kellermann junior (nephew of William Kellermann above). Though at first billing herself in Australia as Madame Charbonnet-Kellermann, later in life in Paris she reportedly preferred to be known as Madame Kellermann. Her daughter was the Australian swimmer Annette Kellermann, and a son Maurice (b. Sydney, 1885), a violinist, settled in the USA in 1912.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 April 1878), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 April 1878), 2

"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1882), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1890), 12

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 June 1914), 6

"PERSONAL", The West Australian (26 August 1914), 6

"MENTONE", Brighton Southern Cross (5 September 1914), 4


"Marriages", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1882), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 July 1890), 12

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 June 1891), 1

[Advertisement], The Methodist (11 August 1900), 6 

... Little Frederick Kellerman (8 years old, son of ... Madame C. Kellermann), the Wonderful Child Violinist ...

Musical works (Alice Charbonnet-Kellermann):

"M. K." [Madadme Kellermann]: Composer's bound album of sheet music editions 

"Madame Charbonnet Kellermann's Pianoforte Works": Bound album of sheet music editions 

See also: 

Bibliography and resources:

G. P. Walsh, "Kellermann, Annette Marie Sarah (1886-1975)", Australian dictionary of biography 9 (1983)

Angela Woollacott, Race and the modern exotic: three 'Australian' women on global display (Melbourne: Monash University Publishing, 2011), "Chapter 1: Annette Kellerman: mermaids and South Sea Islanders"'Australian'+Women+on+Global+Display/173/OEBPS/c01.htm (DIGITISED)


Tenor vocalist

Active Sydney, NSW, 1842


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (24 May 1842), 3


Bandsman (Band of the 51st Regiment)

Departed Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), August 1846
Died India, 1846/47

See also Band of the 51st Regiment


[News], The Courier (12 August 1846), 3

"THE 51ST REGIMENT IN INDIA", The Courier (15 May 1857), 2

We regret to record that, since the arrival of the head-quarters of this fine regiment in the China and Agincourt, at Bangalore, there have been many deaths, among whom we may mention ... sergeant Jones (of the band,) ... Kelly (of the band,) Simpson (of the buglers) ...

"THE 51st REGIMENT IN INDIA", The Courier [Hobart, TAS] (22 May 1847), 2 

Under this head we published in a recent Courier several interesting particulars of the arrival of the main body of the regiment In India, including a notice of the mortality which occurred, from cholera, in the fatiguing march from Poonamalee to Bangalore, between the dates of 9th and 23rd January. We are now enabled to publish a more full and detailed list of the men, women, and children who perished from the disease, numbered in the order in which the deaths occurred - . . .
10. John Kelly, of the band . . .
To the above may be added Sergeant Jones of the band, and Mrs. Cameron.

KELLY, Charles (Charley KELLY)

Choir singer (St. Joseph's Chapel)

Active Sydney, NSW, ? 1830s


J. H. B. Curtis, "SOME QUEER OLD FOLKS OF OLD SYDNEY", Freeman's Journal (4 July 1907), 2 

... One of the most frequent attendants at St. Mary's was Charley Kelly. He used frequently go thrice a day, and never less than twice, and went to Communion three or four times a week. No character was better known in the city. He earned his living by collecting debts. He was a member of the choir of St. Joseph's Chapel, before the Cathedral was built. Some of the music sung there was taken down from Charley's voice, and when they had a good choir in the Cathedral, Charley would always turn up on Christmas Day to take the counter-tenor part in the "Cantet Nunc Io" of the "Adeste Fideles." If poor old Charley has not gone to heaven, few of us will have a chance ...

KELLY, James (Captain KELLY)

Sealer, mariner, amateur accordion player, fiddler, songwriter

Born Parramatta, NSW, 24 December 1791
Died Hobart Town, TAS, 20 April 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)


"POLICE REPORT . . . Thursday, November 21st", The Tasmanian (22 November 1833), 7 

James Kelly, Colin Coburn, James Woolf, William Booth, Joseph Dunn, and James Coates, were charged with very disorderly conduct in the streets of Hobart Town late last night. The defendants were whalers, enjoying their lay, with Mr. Kelly the fiddler, at their head, chaunting along Liverpool-street, and all hands joining chorus. They might have passed, but on very quiet remonstrance, they shewed fight, and in consequence they were favoured with a lodging, and ordered to find sureties for their future good behaviour.

"SUDDEN DEATH OF A VERY OLD COLONIST", The Hobart Town Daily Mercury (21 April 1859), 2

Will Lawson, "OUR LITTLE-KNOWN EXPLORERS. 2. INTREPID CAPTAIN KELLY", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 April 1939), 11

. . . It was Lady Franklin who said of Kelly, and a song he composed called The Blue Song, when writing to a friend in England: "I am sending you a song entitled The Blue Song. It was written by Kelly the Whaler, a curious and rich old fellow. He sports a carriage on which he has for a crest a hand grasping a harpoon with the motto, "Olium."

Will Lawson, "How old are sea chanties?", The World's News (20 June 1953), 12

Today no relics remain of Captain Kelly's songs, but the melodion on which he played them lies in an historical museum in Launceston.

Bibliography and resources:

Lawson, Blue gum clippers and whale ships of Tasmania (1949), 17, 73

Bowden, Captain James Kelly of Hobart Town (1964), 122 note 9

"The Blue Song' cannot be traced. Evidently Kelly was musical - his accordion is in the Launceston Museum.



Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 1834


"HOBART TOWN POLICE REPORT", Trumpeter General (3 October 1834), 2 

John Kelly, fiddler to a whaling company, and for a long time master musician to "King William the Fourth," at Hobart Town, at whose residence he so played upon constable Clarke's service (who went to execute a warrant upon him) as to overpower him; and he escaped, but was afterwards heard of playing his tender ditties in the bush, and was brought from his Arcadean retirement to Hobart Town, to attend a concert at the Police Office, when the most noxious instrument, the base viol, played him a tune to the amount of 10l. and costs and spoilt his fiddle.


Bushranger, amateur singer

Born Beveridge, VIC, June 1855
Executed Melbourne, VIC, 11 November 1880 (NLA persistent identifier)


The "Kelly song" has been \whimsically identified as "Farewell to my home in Greta"; however, whatever song the report was actually referring to remains a mystery.


"DESTRUCTION OF THE KELLY GANG", The Argus (30 June 1880), 6

... Between 12 and 1 o'clock on Sunday morning one of Mrs. Jones's sons sang the Kelly song for the amusement of the gang, and his mother occasionally asked him to sing out louder. Most of the prisoners were then cleared from the front parlour, and the gang had a dance. They danced a set of quadrilles, and Mr. David Mortimer, brother-in-law of the school-master, furnished the music with a concertina. Ned Kelly had the girl Jones for a partner, Dan had Mrs. Jones, and Byrne and Hart, danced with male prisoners.

"THE KELLY GANG", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 July 1880), 6

"THE KELLY GANG. TO THE EDITOR", The Mercury (26 July 1880), 3

"INTERCOLONIAL SUMMARY", South Australian Register (7 August 1880), 2 Supplement

Ned Kelly has been removed from Melbourne to Beechworth. On the journey he was some times rather noisy, as if wishing to direct attention to himself. He sang two bushranging songs, conversed freely stout his exploits, and pointed out different objects of interest on the way, especially in the neighbourhood of the Strathbogie Ranges.

[News], The Argus (1 December 1881), 7

"THE KELLY GANG OF BUSHRANGERS", The Advertiser (19 August 1911), 23

"The Real Story of NED KELLY", Mirror (25 July 1953), 8

Associated works:

Songs of the Kelly gang ([Hobart Town: T. W. Allen, 1879/80])

A song sheet containing four pro-Kelly songs written and published while the gang was still active; 2nd song set to the tune of "Going to Ballarat"; 3rd song to tune of "Bold Sojer Boy"; 4th song "Sticking up of the Euroa Bank".

Bibliography and resources:

John V. Barry, "Kelly, Edward (Ned) (1855-1880)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

KEMPTON, Mr. and Mrs (? Samuel KEMPTON)

Musicians, vocalists, violinist, guitarist

Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1856


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (28 October 1856), 1 

A CAPITAL EVENING'S AMUSEMENT. AT THE CITY BRIDGE HOTEL. ADMISSION FREE EVERY EVENING. MR. and MRS. KEMPTON, who have just arrived from England, will make their first appearance in these colonies, as Musicians and Vocalists, at the City Bridge Hotel. Performances will be given on the Guitar, Violin, and some racy COMIC and fine old SENTIMENTAL SONGS will be introduced by these Artistes. The DANCING will be accompanied as usual, by the well-known musician, Mr. O. Blake, on the Violin.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (2 December 1856), 1 

SINGING and DANCING every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday evening, at the ROSE OF AUSTRALIA; to commence at half-past 7. Room conducted by Mr. and Mrs. Kempton.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 July 1857), 1 

"LAW AND CRIMINAL COURTS", South Australian Register (17 August 1858), 3 

... Samuel Kempton, harness-maker and player on the violin - Bought the duplicate or the watch from the prisoner, who was washing for him at the latter end of June ...


Vocalist, composer, songwriter

Arrived Australia, 1898
Died Sydney, NSW, 25 October 1925"Charles+Kenningham" (TROVE search)



"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", Daily Telegraph (4 April 1891), 3

Sir Arthur Sullivan's score of "Ivanhoe" comprises 640 pages of manuscript, and has occupied a considerable portion of the composer's time during the past 12 months. Mr. Charles Kenningham, late principal tenor at Canterbury Cathedral, has been retained for the part of De Bracy in the opera.

"TENOR'S DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 October 1925), 12 

... Mr. Kenningham came to Australia in 1898 under engagement to Williamson and Musgrove, as one of the new artists engaged for the reorganised Royal Comic Opera Company. He made his first Australian appearance in Adelaide as Marco Palmieri in "The Gondoliers," and sang this solo later in the Sydney production on August 13, 1898, at Her Majesty's. The baritone role, Guiseppe, was filled on that occasion by Mr. William Paull; and among the other principals were Miss Dorothy Vane, Miss Carrie Moore, Messrs. George Laurie, and Howard Vernon. Lancelot, in "La Poupée," was included in Mr. Kenningham's roles in that season, upon the first Australian production of that work on September 10. He sang then also the tenor roles in "The Mikado," "The Yeoman of the Guard," and "Dorothy." "La Poupée" was revived the following year in a six weeks' season, in which also "Ma Mie Rosette" and "The Geisha" were produced. In a wide range of parts during his Australian career, Mr. Kenningham was always effective, and became very popular. After retiring from the stage he was for some years a teacher of singing in Maryborough, Queensland. He is survived by a widow.


Actor, theatrical manager, comedian, vocalist, Irish vocalist

Active Launceston and Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by April 1844


Kenney appears to have alternated between occasional stints as a theatrical professional, and other periods as an amateur. He may perhaps be the Launceston stonemason, James Richard Kenney. Having appeared in the Hobart for several season, he was at the Olympic Theatre in Launcestion by 1848, and in 1849 was probably also author of a song printed in the Launceston press, the local "hit", Billy Barlow, a clerk of a market, which "in which character he elicited very general applause." He was manager of the Radford's Royal Amphitheatre, Launceston, from August 1849, and was still there in November 1851, when he played Benjamin Bowbell in The illustrious stranger, "with all the songs".


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (9 September 1848), 11 

. . . Song, "Statty Fair," Mr. Kenney . . .

"BILLY BARLOW CLERK OF THE MARKET", The Cornwall Chronicle (31 March 1849), 477 

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (14 April 1849), 3 

. . . MR. KENNEY will appear as that eccentric cosmnopolic BILLY BARLOW, in an entirely new character, as CLERK OF A MARKET. To be followed by two favorite Scenes from the celebrated romance of the CASTLE SPECTRE! COMIC SONG, My Brogue and my Blarney, BY MR. KENNEY . . .

"LOCAL", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 April 1849), 542 

The Theatre is to be opened once more on Monday night, when Kenney takes a benefit; and as we understand, his losses by recent theatrical speculations are heavy, he seems to have a claim to patronage and support on the occasion, particularly as the pieces selected for that night, promise to afford more than the average quantum of amusement. In addition to the other entertainments (for which we refer to the bills of the night), Mr. Kenney is once more to appear as Billy Barlow, a Clerk of a Market, in which character he elicited very general applause on the last play-night, and it is expected that the hit then made, will attract a numerous audience on Monday.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (15 November 1851), 732 


Librettist, songwriter, poet

Born Ulladulla, NSW, 18 April 1839
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 1 August 1882 (NLA persistent identifier)


In addition to his major collaborations with Charles Horsley and Paolo Giorza, Kendall wrote many poems he designated as "songs". Notably, his 1862 collection, Poems and songs (published in Sydney by Jacob Clarke) included the "Squatter's song" and "Song of the cattle hunters". Later collection were Leaves from Australian forests (1869) and Songs from the mountains (1880).

In the Federation era, Alfred Hill, Christian Hellemann, and Varney Monk composed and published settings of Kendall's songs.


"KERRASSU. AN ABORIGINAL SONG", Bell's Life in Sydney (30 November 1861), 4

"ABORIGINAL DEATH SONGS", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (15 April 1862), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1863), 1

"HENRY KENDALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 December 1863), 8

[Advertisement]: "MASONIC HALL", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 August 1872), 8

"LITERATURE. Poems and Songs by Henry Kendall", Australian Town and Country Journal (29 March 1873), 18

"POEMS AND SONGS BY HENRY KENDALL", Empire (31 March 1873), 4

Works with music by colonial composers:

Silent tears (words by Henry Kendall; music by G. Peck; "A song of affection"; "Dedicated with permission to Lady Stephen, Lyon's Terrace, Hyde Park") (Sydney: Peck's Music Repository, [1859]) 

The song of the cattle hunters (song with chorus; words: Henry Kendall; as sung by Christy's Minstrels; dedicated to the squatters of NSW) ([Sydney: J. R. Clarke, 1863])


A wild night (poetry by Henry Kendall; the music composed expressly for and sung by Mrs. Cutter by G. B. Allen) (Melbourne: Lee & Kaye, [1870]) 

Euterpe (op.76: an ode to music written by Henry Kendall, composed expressly for the opening of the new town hall ... by Charles Edward Horsley) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen, [1870)

Honor the hero ("Song in Memory of our lamented patriot, the late W.C. Wentworth") (words: Henry Kendall) [Unidentified print] Copy at SL-NSW (Mitchell Library); see Thomas Thornton Reed, Henry Kendall: A Critical Appreciation (Rigby, 1960), 56

Cantata written expressly for the opening ceremony of the Sydney International Exhibition (words by Henry Kendall; music by cavaliere Paolo Giorza (Sydney: [The Exhibition], [1879/80]) 


The poems of Henry Kendall with biographical note by Bertram Stevens (original edition 1920; transcript Project Gutenberg Australia)

Bibliography and resources:

T. T. Reed, "Kendall, Thomas Henry (1839-1882)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

KENT, Benjamin Archer (Dr. KENT)

Amateur flautist, vocalist

Born UK, 1808
Active Adelaide, SA, 1840s
Died London, England, 25 November 1864


"THE CORPORATION", South Australian Register (25 June 1842), 2

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian (1 July 1842), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian (7 November 1843), 3

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 November 1843), 3

"DIED", The South Australian Advertiser (18 January 1865), 2


Bibliography and resources:

Peter H. Schurr, Benjamin's son: Benjamin Archer Kent M.D. (1808-1864)

"Benjamin Archer Kent: a South Australian pioneer"

KENTISH, Nathaniel Lipscomb

Songwriter, litigant

Born Winchester, England, 1797
Arrived Sydney, NSW, March 1830
Died Ashfield, Sydney, NSW, 11 October 1867 (NLA persistent identifier)


"KENTISH V. SPAGNOLETTI", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1861), 5

"Metropolitan Correspondence", Bathurst Free Press (24 August 1861), 2

Songs / lyrics:

Mount Alexander gold-diggers' song ("Chorus by all the diggers in full costume") ([?] : [?], [1852]) 

Four lyrics in Nathaniel Lipscomb Kentish, The question of questions ... The land and water question in Victoria (Melbourne: J. J. Blundell, 1855), see main entry in Checklist: 

The captured lady (answer to Ever of thee I'm fondly dreaming; words by N. C. [sic] Kentish; composed by Spagnoletti) ([Sydney]; [Spagnoletti], [1861]) 

Bibliography and resources:

L. J. Blake, "Kentish, Nathaniel Lipscomb (1797-1867)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

KENYON, Joseph

Vocalist, bass viol player, principal singer St. John's Church, Parramatta, convict, nurseryman

Born c.1770s
Tried and sentenced York Assizes, 11 March 1815
Arrived NSW, 1816 (convict per Ocean, aged "37" ?)
Active Parramatta, NSW, 1820s
Died Prospect Creek, NSW, 25 August 1860, "in the 87th year of his age"


[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (1 March 1817), 1 

A CARD. JOSEPH KENYON, late Tutor in the Reverend Mr. MARSDEN'S Family, most respectfully informs the Inhabitants of Parramatta and its Vicinity, that he intends opening a DAY SCHOOL for the Instruction of Youth, on Monday the 17th Day of March, 1817, at the House belonging to Mr. William Laverton, situated in Parramata.

"TO THE EDITOR", The Monitor (26 July 1828), 2 

Parramatta, 16th of July, l828. To THE EDITOR OF THE MONITOR. SIR, Mr. Joseph Kenyon of the Woodlands, near Prospect entertained a large party of his friends on Monday last at his house. A Ball and Supper succeeded the dinner, which was tastefully got up, and the rosy morn was hailed before the party broke up. Some of the intimates stopt breakfast next day, and some few lingered until Mr. Kenyon regaled them with a tiffin, Yours, A highly-entertained Guest.

[Certificates of freedom], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (14 April 1829), 1 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 August 1860), 1 

Bibliography and resources:

HRA, I, 11, 736, 738 (inquiry into charges against James Ring, August 1825)

[736] SUSAN PRISCILLA BISHOP ... Cross-examined ... Mr. Kenyon and one or two of the Singers at the Church have been in the habit of attending at Mr. Marsden's family worship. It is not, that I am aware, a common understood thing that any respectable person may attend at Mr. Marsden's Worship on a Sunday evening. I know a person named Pritchard. He is a Ticket of Leave Man, and he was one of the Singers. I know a man named Newsome. He was a Singer ...

JAMES ELDER ... Examined ... [738] ... Mr. Marsden said, "You know he [Ring] is one of my Singers and I allow him to lodge at the Clerk's [Kenyon's] because he is one also."

Rushworth 1988, 23, 440 note 19

Before the advent of an organ at St. John's, hymns and psalms were sung to music provided by the military band, or to a bass viol played by the Parish Clerk, Joseph Kenyon. In 1829 Kenyon became the Leading Singer, for which he received £5 per quarter. He was supported by five Assistant Singers, each paid 10s per quarter.

"Joseph Kenyon", Convict Records 


Samuel Marsden

James Ring

William Pritchard

John Newsome

KEON, Georgina Isabella (Mrs. Sylvester O'SULLIVAN)

Amateur composer

Active Sydney, NSW, 1864
Died Sydney, NSW, 1927


Irish born, Keon was a niece (daughter of the sister) of the NSW attorney-general (and amateur musician) J. H. Plunkett. The Keon family settled at Eden, on Twofold Bay, NSW.

In November 1864, J. H. Anderson published Keon's The Twofold Bay waltzes, dedicated to her uncle and his wife.

In 1866 she married the Irish-born grazier Sylvester O'Sullivan.


"DONATIONS TO THE AUSTRALIAN MUSEUM", The Sydney Morning Herald (5 March 1859), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1864), 12

"The Twofold Bay Waltzes", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 November 1864), 4

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (8 September 1866), 1

KERN, Charles

Music printer, music publisher, bookbinder, general stationer

Active Sydney, NSW, as Kern and Mader, 1845-53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 November 1845), 1

[Advertisement], Empire (25 June 1853), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 July 1853), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Neidorf 1999, 188-89 (DIGITISED)

ASSOCIATIONS: Frederick Mader

KERR, Andrew

Flauto player (? flautina, flutina)

Active Bendigo, VIC, 1858


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 March 1858), 3

KERR, George (? or William; CARR)

Master of the band of the NSW Corps

See CARR, George (? or William)

KERR, William

Stationer, music seller, journalist, newspaper editor

Born Wigtown, Scotland, 1812
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1832 (from Scotland)
Active Melbourne, NSW (VIC), by 1839
Died Sunbury, VIC, 25 May 1859, aged 47 (NLA persistent identifier)


[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (5 November 1840), 1 

Book and Stationery Warehouse, Collins Street. THE Undersigned has just landed from the London, and has now open for inspection, Two very superior Cottage Pianofortes, mahogany French polished, 6 1/2 oct, metalic plate columns, O. G. Fall; One old Violin, by Duke, with octagon pearl handled bow, &c., one of the finest instruments ever imported to the Australian colonies; One ditto ditto, (Italian) equally valuable; Two very superior Violins, oil varnish, double purpled, with octagon pearl mounted bow; One superb Guitar, machine head, pearl, mounted, silver fretts, &c.; Two German silver mounted cocoa Flutes, 8 keys, patent, with handsome rosewood case; A great variety of Horns, Half-moons, Trumpets, one and four keyed Concert Flutes, &c.; An assortment of the newest and most fashionable Music; Guitar, Pianoforte, Violin, and Flute Tutors. The whole of the above will be found well worthy of inspection. WILLIAM KERR. Melbourne, November 2.

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Patriot and Melbourne Advertiser (28 December 1840), 4 

NEW MUSIC. - The subscriber has purchased the whole of the vocal, pianoforte, violin, and guitar Music, imported by Mr. Ellard from Sydney, in the Clonmel, and will have it ready for inspection, this morning, at the Book and Stationery Warehouse, Collins-street. WILLIAM KERR, A few very superior violins, guitars and flute for sale.

"THE LATE WILLIAM KERR", The Age (7 June 1859), 4-5 

Disambiguation (images):

Not to be confused with William Kerr, builder, of Bathurst, who also died in 1859, and who was the subject of a funeral sermon published in Sydney; see 


Vocalist, harpist

? Born London 19 November 1809, baptised St. Botolph, Bishopsgate 10 December 1809
Married Henry Coleman Kesterton (1809-1886), St. Mary, Newington, Southwark, March 1833
Arrived Hobart, VDL (TAS), 16/23 August 1833 (per Curler, from London 20 March)
Died Balmain, NSW, 1857 (BDM NSW - 1331/1857) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Arrival, Henry and Mrs. E. Kesterton, Hobart, 16 NAME_INDEXES:445379; MB2/39/1/1 p403 (image 202)

"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (23 August 1833), 3 

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (28 October 1834), 1

... Song - "Flow on that shining river," Mrs. KESTERTON, accompanied by herself on the harp - Moore.

"Mr. Gordonovitch's concert ...", The Hobart Town Courier (31 October 1834), 3

... Mrs. Kesterton's performance on the harp (kindly lent, we understand, by Miss Arthur [? daughter of the governor]) afforded us considerable pleasure; but the timidity under which this lady laboured, detracted very considerably from the full effect which, we know, she could impart to her playing.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (11 November 1834), 3

... Song - Mrs. KESTERTON, "Wilt thou say farewell, Love?" by desire, accompanied by herself on the Harp - Moore.

"OBITUARY", The Manaro Mercury, and Cooma and Bombala Advertiser (15 May 1886), 3 

Bibliography and resources:

Hallo 2014, 89, 202 (DIGITISED)

KETTEN, Henry (Henry KETTEN; Henri KETTEN)

Pianist, composer

Born Baja, Hungary, 25 March 1848
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 10 May 1880 (per Australia, from San Francisco, via Auckland)
Departed Brisbane, QLD, 26 April 1881 (per Merkara, for Batavia, via Townsville)
Died Paris, France, 1 April 1883 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1880), 5

"M. HENRI KETTEN", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 May 1880), 6

"A Great Pianist", Evening News (14 May 1880), 3 

The arrival in Sydney of Mr. Henry Ketten, the distinguished Hungarian pianist, is a noteworthy musical event. That gentleman is, beyond all question, the greatest performer upon the pianoforte who has ever visited the Australian colonies, and he will assuredly create a sensation in musical circles in Sydney when he appears in public. Last evening, about 50 or 60 ladies and gentlemen representing the highest musical talent in the city, and including several well-known pianists, had the privilege of listening to a private rehearsal by Mr. Ketten, at Mr. Paling's pianoforte rooms in George-street. To complete the comfort and convenience of the guests, Mr. Paling had one of his large show rooms elegantly dressed and seated, and refreshments of the most delectable description were provided and served up in the Continental style by Mr. Harris, of George-street. Mr. Ketten played selections from Beethoven, Handel, Mendelssohn, Chopin, and Liszt, besides some compositions of his own. He completely took his audience by storm by his brilliant execution, his faultless phrasing, and his great control over the instrument on which he performed. His style differs entirely from any pianist we have ever heard, and far transcends the best performers that have appeared here. This is not an individual opinion formed in a hurried manner, but the unanimous verdict of a very critical assemblage of musical savans, professional as well as amateur. His mastery over the instrument is such that he produces results that one would suppose could only be achieved by two performers on two instruments, and gives one altogether a far higher idea of the resources of the pianoforte than any player that has hitherto appeared here. He is on the piano what Urso is on the violin, and that is perhaps the highest praise that can be bestowed upon him. Mr. Ketten's public performances will doubtless be looked forward to with uncommon interest by all lovers of classical music.

"HENRI KETTEN, PIANIST AND VIRTUOSO", The Argus (9 June 1880), 6

[News], The Argus (5 April 1883), 7

A cable message this morning announces the death, at the early age of 35, of Mr. Henri Ketten, the eminent pianist, who made such a brilliant and successful tour through the colonies a few years ago. Mr. Ketten was a native of Hungary, having been born at Baja on the 25th March, 1848. His talent showed itself at an early age. In 1860 he played Osborne before the Queen, and subsequently visited Germany, Austria, Russia, Switzerland, and Turkey, remaining for three years at Constantinople as conductor at the Imperial Theatre. In 1879 he visited America, and on the 12th June, 1880, he presented himself before a Melbourne audience at the Opera-house. He had no other artists to assist him, the programme consisting entirely of his own performances. The experiment was brilliantly successful, and Mr. Ketten's tour through the Australian colonies may be described as a triumphal progress, his reception everywhere being as no former musician had ever received. His untimely death will be deeply regretted by all who have had the privilege of hearing his wonderful performances.

"HENRI KETTEN", The Argus (6 April 1883), 7

Richard A. Proctor, "THE STORY OF HENRI KETTEN", Euroa Advertiser (14 October 1887), 5

Colonial publications (works and arrangements by Ketten):

New caprice (deuxième caprice) (Melbourne: Nicholson and Ascherberg, [1880]) 

Those evening bells (words by Thomas Moore; music by Henry Ketten) (first edition, Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1880]); third edition: 

Minuetto di Boccherini ("arranged by Henry Ketten") (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1880]) 

Serenade from Don Giovanni ("arranged by Henry Ketten") (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1880]) 

Associated publications:

The Ketten galop [by] "Carlmora" (Sydney: Nicholson and Co., [1880]) 

The Ketten galop [by] "Carlmora" (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1880]) 


Bandsman, Band of the 3rd Regiment (Buffs)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1823-1827 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 3rd Regiment


London, National Archives, PRO, WO12/2118: 3rd Regiment of Foot (Buffs) payrolls 1824-26; microfilm copy at SL-NSW: PRO Reel 3695

KIERATH, Charles Henry (Karl Heinrich)

Musician, bandmaster (German band)

Born Brunswick [Braunschweig], Germany, 5 January 1829
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1855 (per Arabia, from Liverpool)
Died Chiltern, VIC, 21 February 1922


"WOOLSHED POLICE COURT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (7 September 1858), 2

"MANY HAPPY RETURNS OF THE DAY", Rutherglen Sun and Chiltern Valley Advertiser (9 January 1914), 5

"EIGHTY-FIVE, NOT OUT", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (10 January 1914), 2

Mr. Kierath is also one of the pioneers of the North-Eastern District; he arrived in Victoria by the ship Arabia, from Liverpool, in the year 1855. He is a native of Brunswick, Germany. In the year '55 he formed a bunch of eight musicians for the purpose of visiting England, and then Australia. After a short time in England, and having arranged for the passage of the members of his band to Australia, he was joined by his wife, and the party of young Germans set sail for the Southern Cross lands. On arrival at Melbourne the members of the band gave a series of open air concerts, and also accepted engagements; they also visited Ballarat and Bendigo. On his return to Melbourne he learnt of the Ovens goldfields, and it then became a question whether it would be Beechworth or Sydney. A Mr. Johnston engaged four members of the band, who went to Sydney, our esteemed resident going to Beechworth where, with the late Carl Esther, he commenced a green-grocery business, but also accepting engagements as musicians.

"MR. CHARLES KIERATH", The North Eastern Ensign (24 February 1922), 2

KILNER, Joseph

Piano-forte manufacturer, music retailer (publisher)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, (1) c. 1850; (2) by 1853
Died Richmond, VIC, 9 May 1891, aged 58

Summary (Keith Johns):

Joseph Kilner first arrived in Australia in 1850 and, after making his fortune in gold and returning to England to collect his family, he returned to Victoria. In 1854 he began making pianos from parts imported from BROADWOOD'S in London, where he had served his apprenticeship. In 1862 Joseph Wilkie, also from Broadwood's, joined him, the firm becoming Wilkie, Kilner and Company. Between 1863 and 1866 they sold 305 pianos. Around 1870 this factory reverted to a family business and made wooden-frame pianos under the name of Joseph Kilner ... The pianos were of good quality and they won several prizes: 1866-1867, Melbourne Intercolonial Exhibition; 1872, Intercolonial Exhibition of Victoria; 1876, Great Philadelphia Centennial Exhibition. Kilner's name also appeared as publisher on at least one piece of printed music, L'adieu (song; music by W. St. John M. Caws; words by John Whiteman) (published with R. J. Paling).


? [Advertisement], The Argus (13 July 1853), 2

"MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS", The Argus (6 November 1872), 4s

"Deaths", The Argus (11 May 1891), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Keith Johns, "Australian piano industry", in Robert Palmieri (ed.) Piano: an encyclopaedia, second edition (New York, London: Routledge, 2003) (PREVIEW)

KIM, Mr. E.

Clarinette player (Band of the 12th Regiment)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

See also Band of the 12th Regiment


[Advertisement], Empire (4 July 1859), 6 


Edward KING (1814-1894)

Thomas KING (d.1881)

Henry John KING (senior)


Henry John KING (junior)

Edward Mendelssohn Bach KING

George Frederick KING

George Oscar KING

Charles Horatio KING

And several more

Go to family main page: 

KING, Ada (Mrs. Ada KING; Madame Ada KING)

Vocalist (Seconda donna, Lyster's company)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 1 March 1861 (per Achilles, from San Francisco)
Died San Francisco, USA, 14 June 1873 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[News], The Argus (2 March 1861), 5

The ship Achilles, which arrived from San Francisco yesterday, has brought to those shores a "complete operatic troupe," comprising the names of Madame Lucy Escott, and Miss Rosalie Durand, sopranos; Miss Georgia Hodson, contralto; and Madame Ada King, as seconda donna. The tenor, Mr. Henry Squires, is supported by Mr. Frank Trevor, as second tenor. The baritono is Mr. F. Lester [sic]. Mr. A. Reiff is the conductor; and the whole are under the supervision of Mr. W. L. Lester [sic]. The agent of the troupe is Mr. W. Lloyd. Arrangements are being made for the appearance of the new company at the Theatre Royal, and we understand they will produce both tragic and comic opera.

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Ballarat Star (29 September 1873), 2 

The late mail brings (says the Herald) the news of the death of Madame Ada King, which sad event took place in San Francisco, on the 14th of June last. Madame King will be remembered as a very useful member of Mr. William Lyster's Escott-cum-Squires Italian and English Opera Company, and arrived in this colony with it from San Francisco, in March, 1861, and when they returned to California some years after she accompanied them, and remained in San Francisco ever since.


Bandsman, band leader (London Quadrille Band; European Band)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1859


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1859), 1

KING, Thomas


Active Goulburn and Bathurst, NSW, 1872


"THE GOULBURN VOLUNTEERS AND CAPTAIN ROSSI AGAIN", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 October 1872), 4

KING, William

Professor of Dancing

Active Sydney, NSW, 1840-42


Notably, in 1840 King was offering to teach his pupils the Australian quadrilles.


[Advertisement], The Colonist (2 May 1840), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (11 August 1840), 3

REMOVAL. AUSTRALIAN DANCING ACADEMY. WILLIAM KING. Professor of Dancing, George-street, South, Sydney. In respectfully intimating to his friends and the public, that he has removed to a more central and commodious house in Castlereagh-street, four doors from Market-street; cannot let the opportunity pass without acknowledging the kind feeling and patronage be has experienced since the opening of his Academy, and trusts by paying the most scrupulous and unremitting attention to the comfort and advancement of his pupils, to merit a continuance and even extension of that support, heretofore so liberally bestowed upon him. W. K. further wishes it to be known, that it is his intention to give a Quadrille party on the first Tuesday in each month, to which he respectfully invites his friends and patrons, and in order to maintain the respectability of the establishment notifies that no person will be admitted without a Ticket, which can be procured by applying at his rooms. The annexed is a list of the principal dances which W. K. proposes to teach at his new establishment, in the most fashionable style, viz- Caledonian Quadrilles, Lancers ditto, Mazurkas ditto, Paine's ditto, Royal Devonshire ditto, Lowe's ditto, Australian ditto, Red Coats ditto, Cuirassiers' ditto, Cambrian's ditto, Chivereau's, &c &c. &c. Highland Laddie, Country Dance, L'ete ditto, La Poole Anglaise ditto, Pieng's [? Paine's] Medley ditto, The Regeat ditto, St. Quintor ditto, Circle Waltzing, Tyrolese Waltz, Swiss ditto, Ecossoises, Spanish Dances; &c. &c. &c. Titans. For, one pupil £2 0s. 0d. per quarter Three of the same family. £5 0s. 0d., ditto Private instruction £3 3s. 0d..ditto Two Lessons each week.

[Advertisement], Australasian Chronicle (1 May 1841), 3

"NEW INSOLVENTS", The Sydney Herald (21 June 1842), 2

KING, William

Pianoforte maker, seller and tuner (from John Broadwood and Sons)

Active Sydney, NSW, by January 1850
Died Sydney, NSW, 17 March 1881, aged 70 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1849), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (6 July 1850), 1

Diary of Alexander Brodie Spark, 19 May 1852; ed. in Graham Abbott and Geoffrey Little, The respectable Sydney merchant, A. B. Spark of Tempe (Sydney: Sydney University press, 1976), 213 

Engaged Mr. King, a piano forte maker, to come to Tempe on Saturday to repair and tune our Piano.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 September 1860), 7

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (25 July 1863), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1864), 12

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 August 1869), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 April 1879), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 January 1880), 7

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1881), 1


? Amateur musician

Active Maitland, NSW, 1854
? Died East Maitland, NSW, 7 July 1869, aged 75


[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (2 September 1854), 2 


Contralto vocalist, singing teacher

= Miss Clara Helen COUSENS


Organ-Builder, Seraphine, and Pianoforte Maker

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by June 1839
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 June 1870, aged 75 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


One of Kinloch's organs, built originally for St. Andrew's Scots Church, c.1845, is now at (?) St. Mark's Hunter's Hill. Kinloch's son, also John Kinloch (a Sydney University M.A. and mathematician) married a family friend, the recently-widowed Sarah Ann Bridson, in 1870.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Monitor (17 June 1839), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (27 January 1840), 3

"DOMESTIC INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Herald (27 March 1840), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 July 1870), 1

Bibliography and resources:

Rushworth 1988


Clarionet player, bandsman (Band of the 40th Regiment)

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855
Died Melbourne, VIC, 6 December 1871, aged 35

See also Band of the 40th Regiment (second tour)


[Advertisement], The Argus (23 June 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 August 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 February 1856), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 December 1867), 8

[News], The Argus (25 June 1868), 5

"DEATHS", The Argus (7 December 1871), 4

"INQUESTS", The Argus (8 December 1871), 7

KIRK, John

Parish clerk, convict

Born Ireland, c.1790
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 15 July 1824 (convict per Prince Regent) Active Prospect, NSW, c.1820s
Died Parramatta, NSW, 9 March 1855


Census of NSW, 1828

Parish Clerk at Prospect with seven horses

"SWINDLING AND OUTRANGES", The Australian (19 June 1829), 3 

SWINDLING AND OUTRAGES. As one Mr. Kirk, who formerly discharged the peaceful function of parish clerk at Prospect, and is a man not meanly skilled in the divine art of psalmody, but who has exchanged his vocation to be a sub-superintendent to Mr. Superintendent Plunkett at Liverpool, happened to be travelling thence into Sydney, one evening during this or the finishing part of last week, about 4 p.m., he just stepped in to have a refresh at Jackson's on the road, where he was bountifully received and he agreed to have a bed for the night . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"John Kirk (c.1788-1855)", Australian royalty 

KISSOCK, Elizabeth (Elizabeth PINKERTON; Mrs. Thomas KISSOCK)

Music teacher

Active Bacchus Marsh, VIC, 1867-68
Died South Yarra, VIC, 26 April 1888, in her 68th year

KISSOCK, Lizzie (Miss)

Music teacher

Active Bacchus Marsh, VIC, by 1880
Died South Yarra, VIC, 19 February 1886, aged 24


[Advertisement], The Bacchus Marsh Express (17 August 1867), 2

[Advertisement], The Bacchus Marsh Express (23 November 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Bacchus Marsh Express (1 August 1868), 1

[Advertisement], The Bacchus Marsh Express (29 May 1880), 2 

"DEATH", The Bacchus Marsh Express (20 February 1886), 2 

"DEATHS", The Bacchus Marsh Express (28 April 1888), 2 

KITTS, James Edward (J. E. KITTS; "Jim" KITTS)

Bass vocalist, guitarist, banjoist, minstrel performer (Totten's Harmoneons, New York Serenaders), opera singer, theatrical manager

Arrived Tasmania, by March 1851
Died Carlton, VIC, 30 March 1894 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1851), 133

"THE SERENADERS", Colonial Times (1 April 1851), 2

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (5 July 1851), 3

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1853), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (9 September 1854), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (5 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (19 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 December 1860), 8

"PRINCE OF WALES", Bell's Life in Sydney (2 April 1864), 2

The great event of the week was, however, the revival of "The Huguenots", in which we are happy to record the great and unqualified success of Mr. J. E. Kitts, who succeeded Mr. Farquharson in the arduous part of Marcel. It is but an act of justice to this deserving and painstaking artiste that he sang and acted with a taste and impressiveness that left nothing to be desired. He looked the old soldier to the life, and his fine bass voice shewed to the utmost advantage; his "Piff Paff", being enthusiastically redemanded, and we gladly record this tribute to his well-deserved triumph.

"DEATHS", The Argus (31 March 1894), 1

[News], The Lorgnette (1 April 1894), 2 

We. regret to announce the somewhat sudden death of Mr. J. E. Kitts ("Jim,") which took place at his residence on Friday, 30th March. Mr. Kitts was a well-known basso vocalist and theatrical manager. He made his first appearance in Melbourne with Totten's Harmoneons at the Criterion Hall, April 1854, and was afterwards associated with the San Francisco Minstrels. During the late W. S. Lyster's operatic management in Australia, Mr. Kitts was engaged as basso and afterwards as treasurer. Since that time he had the management of Miss Myra Kemble and other companies on tour. At the time of his death he was associated with the Alexandra Theatre.

"DRAMATIC AND MUSICAL NOTES", Launceston Examiner (4 April 1894), 3

The tidings of the death of Mr. J. E. Kitts, who was so well-known in theatrical circles, will be received with regret by the many Tasmanians who knew the genial old fellow. He landed originally from California at George Town in a brig somewhere in the fifties, and was a member of one of the very first Christy Minstrel companies that appeared in this city. Subsequently for a number of years he was connected with the Melbourne Opera House, when that place of amusement was under the management of the late William S. Lyster. Of late years Mr Kitts frequently visited Launceston, the last time as a business manager for Miss Myra Kemble.

"MUSICAL NOTES", Evening Journal (28 April 1894), 5 

Still another popular vocalist has joined the great majority - Mr. J. E. Kitts. He was a prominent member of Lyster's Opera Company, and in such parts as Leporello in "Don Giovanni," the Mayor in "Martha," and the old soldier in Meyerbeer's "Huguenots" he was unsurpassed by any of his contemporaries. His singing of Martin Luther's hymn -
   Great God, what do I see and hear?
   The end of things created -
in the last-named opera will never be forgotten by those who heard it. His first appearance in Australia was with Hotten's [sic] Harmoneans in the fifties. For many years he was Treasurer for Mr. Lyster, and at the close of his busy life he was connected with the Alexandra, Melbourne.

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 121, 128, 131, 174

KLAUER, Frederick William August (August KLAUER; Friedrich Wilhelm August KLAUER)

Band musician, composer, arranger, publican

Born Gloina, Germany, 1829
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1866
Died North Adelaide, SA, 17 August 1906


[Illustration]: "THE LATE MR. F. W. A. KLAUER", Chronicle (25 August 1906), 31  


"THE VOLUNTEER FORCE", South Australian Register (10 July 1866), 3

"THE GALATEA BAND", South Australian Register (25 April 1868), 6

... Mr. August Klauer, a private in the Adelaide Regimental Band, arranged and forwarded to the Duke of Edinburgh one or two pieces of music for the Galatea Band, one of which - The Queen's Letter - His Royal Highness requested to be supplied with.

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. G. LODER", South Australian Register (17 July 1868), 2

"DEATH OF MR. F. W. A. KLAUER. A STIRLING CAREER", The Register (18 August 1906), 7

Mr. Frederick William Augustus Klauer, late landlord of the White Hart Hotel, Hindley street, died on Friday evening at the North Adelaide Private Hospital. The deceased, who was 76 years of age, was for over 20 years a member of the Adelaide City Council. Born at Gloina, Germany, in 1829, at the age of 19 he enlisted in the Kaiser's army, and saw considerable service in skirmishes against the revolutionary Socialists. At Baden he was present at the taking of Restadt. He there received a bayonet wound in the thigh. Mr. Klauer afterwards spent some months in England and the United States, but hearing glowing accounts of Australia, returned to Liverpool and took a passage for Melbourne as a member of a German band, his funds having become exhausted. He walked from Geelong to Ballarat, and there joined a band which was formed in connection with the Eureka Stockade incident, to play the diggers up to the scene of what proved a tragic encounter with the Government troops. At the Ovens diggings subsequently his party struck a pocket of gold and took out 80 oz. A run of luck followed, and each of the four men made £500 in a month. Mr. Klauer next went to the Indigo diggings, and there had a narrow escape with his life, for through the falling of a prop he was buried four hours in the drive. A boulder fell over him, and just allowed room for him to breathe. Returning from the Crackenback diggings his party was snowed up for three days at the loot of Mount Kosciusko. The deceased was present at Lambing Flat, now the township of Young, when a riot occurred between Chinese and English diggers, and the former were burned out of their tents by the latter. Several diggers   were wounded with sabre cuts inflicted by the police, and a bullet fired by a trooper struck a prop against which Mr. Klauer was leaning. The deceased used to tell many interesting stories of the old mining days ... Mr. Klauer returned to the Ovens from Lambing Flat, and there lost every penny of his money on a claim, at Christmas Town, near Rutherglen. He moved from place to place on the various fields, and recovered his lost fortune to some extent. Then he joined an American circus, with which he came to Adelaide. His musical instinct led him to join the Theatre Royal orchestra, and he also played in other bands. Mr. Klauer was landlord successfully of the Clarendon, the Lady Fergusson, and the White Hart Hotels for over 30 years, and was the oldest publican in Adelaide. He was a prominent Freemason, having been a Past Master of the Duke of Leinster Lodge, Provincial Sub-Prior of the Knights of St. John of Jerusalem. Palestine, Rhodes, and Malta, and a Grand Prelate of the Order of Knight Templars.

"BAND ASSOCIATION", The Advertiser (21 August 1906), 9

"OBITUARY", Chronicle (25 August 1906), 47

Mr. Frederick William August Klauer of Hilton, died at the North Adelaide private hospital on August 17. Mr. Klauer, who was born of German parents in Yorkshire 76 years ago, was one of the best known men in Adelaide. For many years he kept the White Hart Hotel in Hindley-street and for two decades he represented Gawler ward in the Adelaide City Council. He was a great supporter of manly sports, especially rowing, and he identified himself also with the Locomotive Band, which he accompanied last year to the Ballarat competitions. He had for some years lived a retired life on his estate at Hilton, but be still retained interests in various commercial enterprises in the city. He will be greatly missed in many quarters, his genial disposition making him a general favorite. 

KLEE, Henry Green


Died Sydney, NSW, January 1867


"CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (), 4

"FUNERAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1867), 8


Violinist, viola player, watchmaker

Born c. 1832
Active NSW, 1858-59; Queensland, 1860s
Died Sydney, NSW, 19 October 1873, in his 42nd year (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MISKA HAUSER", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (19 December 1857), 3 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1858), 1 

[Advertisement], The Darling Downs Gazette (27 February 1862), 3

"THE CONCERTS AT THE ARGYLE ROOMS", The Darling Downs Gazette (6 March 1862), 3

[News], The Courier (22 December 1863), 2

Mr. Klein re-appeared and confirmed the good opinion we before expressed of him. We have been informed that this gentleman was well connected with the orchestra of the Prince of Wales Opera House, at Sydney, during the sojourn of the Lyster troupe in that city.

[News, The Brisbane Courier (15 November 1864), 2

A novelty in the entertainment was the performance of a violin solo, by Herr Klein, an amateur, who certainly possesses musical ability of a very high order.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 May 1870), 8

KLEIN, Max (Maximilian KLEIN)

Violinist (Centennial Orchestra)

Born Norwich, England, April 1858
Active Australia, 1888
Died Cairo, Egypt, 14 October 1894, aged 36 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"MUSICAL NOTES", The Express and Telegraph (27 October 1894), 6 

Musical people will be sorry to hear of the death of Mr. Max Klein, violinist in the original Cowen orchestra. He suffered from consumption in Melbourne, and feared he should never outlive his brother Phillip, who died before him of the same disease.

ASSOCIATIONS: Herman Klein (brother)

KNIGHT, Troy (Richard)

Vocalist, songwriter, banjo player, composer

Active Victoria, by March 1850
Died Lidcombe, NSW, 1 August 1912, aged 85


Troy Knight appeared in concert with Sara Flower, Joseph Megson and Thomas Reed in Geelong in March 1850. Among his own material, in Launceston in November 1850, he sang his ballad The fire fly ("Written and sung by Troy Knight"), and in Adelaide in August 1853, Uncle Tom ("written, composed, and sung of this occasion only, by Troy Knight").


[Advertisement], The Argus (9 March 1850),  2

"Den carry me back to ole Virgini", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 September 1850), 635

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (6 November 1850), 11

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 August 1853), 2

"TROY KNIGHT", South Australian Register (23 September 1886), 5

 "BY THE WAY ... Mr. Troy Knight writes", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 August 1904), 22

"DEATH OF AN OLD WIMMERAITE", The Horsham Times (2 August 1912), 5

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (17 August 1912), 18

"THE LATE TROY KNIGHT", The Horsham Times (5 November 1912), 6

A cutting from the Sydney Mail of April 19, 1902, gives on account of an interesting interview with the late Mr. Richard Troy Knight, one of the oldest identities of Horsham. At the time of the interview Mr. Knight was 72 years of age, and his vigorous health of that time was referred to as something of interest in view of the fact that he was one of the artists who sang with the late Madam Sara Flower in the days when Australia was young. The cutting of the interview, embellished by a portrait of the late Mr. Knight, is treasured very highly by his daughter, Mrs. H. G. Swindells, of Horsham. In the narrative given by the deceased of his career are some stirring incidents of the strenuous times spent on the stage with Sarah Flower, Mrs. Deering. Julia Harland, Madame Carandini, Joe Small, Walter Sherwin, Lola Montez, Mrs. Crosby, Carry Nelson and G. V. Brooke. Writing of the trip which he had to San Francisco, Mr. Knight said: "There was too much revolver practice in 'Frisco then. I saw three men shot and one hung for killing a poor old man, a storekeeper in Montgomery-street, in broad day light. A little girl looking through the shop window saw the murderer bash the old man's head in with a tomahawk, and afterwards rob the till and the dead man's pockets. The murderer was taken back to the shop, and the crowd cut a length of rope from the coil lying close to the murdered man. The vigilantee committee held a short open-air trial, and the ruffian was hung on the scene within 30 minutes of the murder."


Amateur musician, church musician, episcopalian (Anglican) priest

Born England, 2 June 1763 (? 1762)
Arrived Port Phillip, NSW (VIC), October 1803
Died TAS, 17 September 1838, aged 76 (NLA persistent identifier)

Summary (after Stephens & Boyce):

As incumbent of St. David's Church, Hobart, Knopwood introduced choral and instrumental music and the chanting of the psalms and canticles. He formed a small choir from the military and civil establishment. In May 1821 purchased a violoncello for the church for £5, and in 1825 acquired for it an 8-stop pipe organ, built by John Gray of London, the first to be installed in any Australian church. At the organ's inauguration in St. David's in May 1825, Knopwood, who had since moved from to Rokeby (where he was appointed rector in 1826), returned to preach on the place of music in worship, taking as his text Psalm 57, v.9: "Awake up, my glory; awake, my lute and harp", mentioning psalm setting then popular by Aldrich, Clarke and Blow, and recalling attending the Handel Commemoration at Westminster Abbey in 1784. The organ remained in St. David's until 1857, and since then has been the organ of St. Matthew's, Rokeby.


"COLONIAL REVENUE OF VAN DIEMEN'S LAND", Hobart Town Gazette and Van Diemen's Land Advertiser (15 November 1823), 2 Supplement

CLERICAL [expenses] . . . Repairing Bass Viol. [£] 1 0 0

"AN ODE. Address to the Organ of St. David's Church", Hobart Town Gazette (13 May 1825), 3

[News], Colonial Times (18 September 1838), 6

"The Reverend Mr. Knopwood", Colonial Times (25 September 1838), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Linda Monks, "Knopwood, Robert (1763-1838)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

Geoffrey Stephens, Anglican Church in Tasmania, and Knopwood: a biography

Boyce, God and the city: a history of St. David's Cathedral (2012), 18-19, 224 notes 30-33


Amateur vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, 1840s
Died Adelaide, SA, 21 October 1850, in his 44th year


"THE CORPORATION", South Australian Register (25 June 1842), 2

[Advertisement], South Australian (7 November 1843), 3

"AMATEUR CONCERT", South Australian Register (11 November 1843), 3

"SAINT PATRICK'S SOCIETY. ANNUAL DINNER", South Australian Register (3 May 1850), 2

"DIED", South Australian Register (22 October 1850), 2


(Theodore Conrad George KNOWLES; Conrad Theodore KNOWLES; Conrad KNOWLES; Mr. KNOWLES)

Vocalist, actor, theatre manager, amateur pianist

Born London, England, 22 August 1810; baptised Waterloo St. Wesleyan Chapel, Hammersmith, 23 September 1810, son of John and Eliza KNOWLES
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 11 April 1830 (per Wanstead, from London, and Swan River colony, 19 March)
Arrived ? Sydney, NSW, 10 September 1832 (per Harlequin, from Launceston, TAS, 25 August)
Died Melbourne, NSW (VIC), 9 May 1844 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony and others) (NLA persistent identifier)

KNOWLES, Harriet

("Mrs. KNOWLES")

Vocalist, actor

See Harriet JONES


Knowles was acting in Sydney theatre by March 1833, and in April he and his future partner Harriet Jones ("Mrs. Knowles") "sang the comic duett of Pretty Polly Hopkins" between the plays.

According to Oppenheim, the pair also appeared as Mrs. Love and Mr. Cooper (e.g. billed in the same month, April 1833). When Knowles and the Gazette's collector William Aldis first appeared in concert in Sydney in January 1835, the Monitor counted both of them as musical amateurs:

We are not aware what caused Messrs. Knowles and Aldis to quit their ordinary professions and turn public singers. Their voices are not suitable for a concert room. However they appeared to have been diligent in practicing, and got through their parts creditably.

Perhaps they were members of the choir of the Catholic chapel, which also sang at the concert, for Knowles, as well as singing a solo song, was also soloist in a double chorus by Purcell. Knowles was later manager of the theatre, a popular Shylock and and Australia's first professional Hamlet.


[News], The Hobart Town Courier (17 April 1830), 2

Arrived on Sunday the 11th inst. the bark Wanstead, 363 tons, M. C. Friend, R. N. commander, from London, the Cape of Good Hope and Swan river, which last port she left on the 19th ult. with a large cargo of merchandize. Passengers . . . Conrad Knowles . . .

"Additional Ship News. LAUNCESTON, AUGUST 28, 1832", The Colonist and Van Diemen's Land Commercial and Agricultural Advertiser (31 August 1832), 4 

Sailed, for Sydney, on the 25th . . . Same day, the schooner "Harlequin," Lancey, for Sydney. - Passengers, Messrs. Dawe, Woodward, Knowles, and Eliza Mannington and child.

[News], The Sydney Monitor (23 March 1833), 2

We are happy to learn that Mr. Levy has at length concluded an engagement with Mr. Edwards, as leader of the Orchestra of the new Theatre. This engagement, with other new ones, of an equally eligible kind, promise to render the new Theatre deserving the support of the respectable classes of our society . . . Messrs. Knowles and Cavendish are the new managers.

"THEATRE", The Sydney Monitor (17 April 1833), 2

"THEATRE", The Sydney Herald (22 April 1833), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 March 1834), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (27 March 1834), 1

"MR. GORDONOCITCH'S CONCERT", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (22 January 1835), 2

"CONCERT", The Australian (23 January 1835), 2

"The Concert", The Sydney Monitor (24 January 1835), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (21 March 1835), 3

"PROJECTED DEPARTURES", The Sydney Monitor (24 May 1837), 2

"ARRIVALS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (4 October 1838), 2

"DEATH OF MR. KNOWLES", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 May 1844), 3 

The numerous friends of Mr. Knowles will leam with regret that he died in Melbourne, on the 20th instant after an illness of about a fortnight's duration. Mr. Knowles has been connected with theatricals from their first establishment in the colony, having been a member of the company which played in the Royal Hotel Saloon. As an actor he has never had an equal in these colonies, either in pathetic tragedy or genteel cornedy. He was a man of attainments far superior to those of the general run of actors in the colonies, and had a very extensive circle of friends and acquaintances in this part of the colony, by whom he was held in high esteem. He has for the last few months been lessee of the Melbourne Theatre, but we believe it had not been a very successful speculation.

"THE LATE MR. CONRAD KNOWLES", The Australian (4 June 1844), 3

The subject of this notice, was the son of a respectable Dissenting Minister in England, in the enjoyment of a comfortable living; but possessing no superfluities of worldly riches, he was induced to let his son indulge his natural disposition for travel and adventure, by emigrating to these colonies, to push his fortune by his own enterprising spirit, and with abilities aided with a very liberal education. In the year 1831, or 32, when the colonization of that unfortunate locality, Swan River, was commenced, Mr. Conrad Knowles was one of the first emigrants; and to the utter failure of its success is the Sydney Stage indebted for the production of one of its highest ornaments for many years. Mr. Knowles, in common with his deluded fellow-countrymen, was despoiled of his little all in that untoward adventure, and was thrown pennyless upon the world in a strange land. However, the same elasticity of spirit which subsequently sustained his reputation as an actor, under every disadvantage against which he had to struggle in the infancy of the Colonial Drama, which he so perseveringly labored to establish and improve, supported him under all his misfortunes; and, gathering his effects, such as they were, together, he took his departure from the inhospitable shores of Swan River, and re-emigrated to the sister colony of Van Diemen's Land.

During his sojourn in that colony, he was employed in two of the most respectable private educational establishments in the colony, in teaching drawing, French, and the dead languages, accomplishments in which he was eminently qualified to give instructions. The cause of his abandoning the secluded pursuit of a tutor was as unforeseen and accidental as that which led him to embrace it. A romantic passion for one of the young ladies, who returned it with equal warmth, occasioned some scandal, which induced the friends of young Knowles' "first love," to withdraw her from the establishment, and his dismissal followed immediately afterwards, as a consequence.

Then it was that Mr. Knowles directed his course to Sydney, where he hoped his acquirements would procure for him, at least, a respectable livelihood. He had another inducement for visiting Sydney in preference to any of the neighbouring colonies, which was, that a highly respectable family, to which he was distantly related, resided here, which, he had every reason to anticipate, would give him a welcome reception, and a helping hand in the furtherance of his views. He was not disappointed. He was affectionately received into the bosom of that family, and experienced all the friendship, and kindness he was led to expect. At this period, the late Mr. Barnet Levey was beating-up for recruits to commence the first theatrical campaign in New South Wales, and Mr. Knowles having procured an introduction to him and his embryo company, first conceived the project of entering upon the dramatic profession. Still there was one almost insuperable objection to the step, which was, the certainty of forfeiting for ever the friendship and countenance of his relatives, who, being strict Wesleyans, entertained conscientious objections against theatrical exhibitions. Knowles continued for some time undecided; attending prayer-meetings by night, and rehearsals by day, until, at last, he determined to throw off the disguise he was constrained from prudential motives to wear, and boldly assume the sock and, buskin, to "trot his hour upon the stage, like a poor player." All preliminaries being arranged for that purpose he delivered a farewell address, at the last prayer-meeting he attended, to his Brother Methodists on one night, and made his "first appearance" on the Sydney boards on the night following. Since that period he has laboured, during a series of years, without intermission, to advance the interests of the profession, of which he was so distinguished an ornament, with credit to himself and gratification to the play-going public, who have now to regret the loss of a sterling actor, and an accomplished but unfortunate gentleman.

"AUSTRALIAN STAGE. FAMOUS PLAYERS OF THE PAST", The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1912), 7

"OLD THEATRES OF MELBOURNE", Illustrated Australian News (1 August 1890), 10

Bibliography and resources:

H. L. Oppenheim, "Knowles, Conrad Theodore (1810-1844)", Australian dictionary of biography 2 (1967)

KNOX, William Robert

Pianist, organist, composer

Born Adelaide, SA, 21 July 1861
Died Tranmere, SA, 7 September 1933, aged 72 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"BIRTH", South Australian Register (23 July 1861), 2 

"GENERAL NEWS", The Express and Telegraph (3 January 1878), 1 

The Rechabites connected with the Alliance and Alexandra Tents, I.O.R., held their annual picnic at Gaskmore Park, on the Torrens, about five miles from Adelaide, on New Year's Day. There were some good sports . . . A brass band was in attendance during the day. In the evening a concert was given in the Temperance Hall, North Adelaide, Mr. J. Yardon, P.D.O.R., presiding. There was a large attendance. Some good singing was contributed by the Misses Cole, Lillywhite, a lady amateur, and Messrs. Jessop, Matters, Nethway, Roberts, Stewart, and Thompson, Mr. W. R. Knox presiding at the pianoforte. A very pleasing entertainment was given.

[Advertisement], Evening Journal (31 March 1879), 2 

MR. W. R. KNOX (Pupil of Signor GIORZA) is prepared to give LESSONS on the PIANOFORTE. Address Morton Villa, Young-street west, Parkside. Terms on application.

LINKS: Paolo Giorza (composer, conductor, pianist)

"NEW MUSIC", The Advertiser (10 April 1894), 6

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (7 September 1933), 14

"Order For Administration in Bankruptcy", The Advertiser (20 January 1934), 18 

Bibliography and resources:

"John Knox", Legacies of British Slave-ownership database 

On William's grandfather, John Knox (1898-1868) and father, also John Knox (d. 1908)

David Shield, "The elusive Miss Blown: organists of South Australia", OHTA Journal (April 1998), 16-18, 23-29 


Professor of Music

Born 22 November 1801
Arrived Nelson, NZ, 30 January 1850 (per Berkshire, from London, 4 October 1849)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1853
Died Nelson, NZ, by 1878

Edmund Knyvett


Kynvett was a grandson of Charles Knyvett (1752-1822), alto singer at the Handel Commemoration of 1784, a gentleman of the Chapel Royal from 1786 and organist from 1822, and father of Charles, Henry, and William (1779-1856). Edmund's father Charles (1773-1852) studied under Samuel Webbe and was organist of St. George's, Hanover Square, from 1802, and with William, and Greatorex and James Bartleman was director of the Hanover Square Concerts.

Edmund was insolvent in 1846, and shortly afterward (allowing for some possible confusion among the Knyvetts) was reportedly the first music teacher of the painter William Blake Richmond (1842-1921), a sickly child who was meanwhile receiving general tutoring at home from Ruskin: "The musical training bestowed on him was of the most thorough description. His first lesson was given to him by old Edmund Knyvett, who was one of Haydn's pupils. He used to go to York Street dressed in a blue coat, with brass buttons and shorts, and play Mozart's and Haydn's fugues and sonatas upon one of those charming tinkling little pianos made about 150 years ago." ("Sir William Richmond and his work", The Review of Reviews (20 December 1902), 588:

Edmund, aged 49, and described as a "farmer", arrived in New Zealand in January 1850 with his wife Emma, 42, and 11 children. he was in Sydney in mid-1853, and at St. Mark's Collegiate Institution in Alexandria in October 1853: "THE department of Music, Vocal and Instrumental, in the above institution has been undertaken by Edmund Knyvett, Esq., (so well known in musical circles in England,) formerly deputy organist at St. George's, Hanover Square, afterwards organist at St. Peter's, Pimlico, and now organist of St. Mark's Church, Alexandria" (music was later taken over at the school by Charles W. Harwood).

He was back in Nelson, New Zealand by 1855, and last advertised as a music teacher there in 1873. A death notice for a William Knyvett appeared in Sydney in September 1857. Edmund died in NZ sometime between 1873 and 1877.


Old Bailey Proceedings (17 August 1840), 610

2009. PATRICK BOURKE was indicted for stealing, on the 11th of August, 1 tent, value 15s., the goods of Edmund Knyvett.

"INSOLVENCY CERTIFICATES", The Jurist (7 February 1846), 45

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Nelson Examiner (2 February 1850), 191

"LIST OF PERSONS qualified to server as JURORS", Nelson Examiner (7 February 1852), 4

[Advertisement], Nelson Examiner (22 May 1852), 49

"NELSON PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Nelson Examiner (2 October 1852), 126

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1853), 3

MUSICAL INSTRUCTION. - Mr. EDMUND KNYVETT, Professor of Music in London for a period of 25 years, begs to inform the public of 8ydney that he is desirous of giving instruction in Pianoforte - playing, and Singing. Mr. E. Knyvett is nephew to the celebrated William Knyvett, organist and composer to her Majesty, conductor of the Concerts of Ancient Music, &c, of the York and Birmingham festivals. Mr. E. Knyvett was for many years deputy organist of St. George's, Hanover-square, and afterwards organist of St. Peter's, Belgrave-square. The following extract from a speech of Mr. Justice Chapman, is from the Wellington Spectator, - "The name of one Nelson Settler, Knyvett, is a guarantee for good taste, especially in good old English and sacred music." Double Bay, July, 1853.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 October 1853), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 October 1853), 1

"DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (7 September 1857), 1

[Advertisement], Colonist (10 January 1871), 4

[Removals from electoral roll], Colonist (8 May 1877), 2

Bibliography and resources:

Knyvett, Charles, and Knyvett, William, Dictionary of national biography 31 (1885-1900)

Thanks (September 2013) to Linda Burge for information and the photograph reproduced above.

KOHLER, Franz Andreas (Franz KOHLER; Frank KOHLER)

Musician, professor of music, French horn player

Born ? Germany, c. 1819
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 9 February 1854 (per Hong Kong, from London, 2 November 1853; "[Mr.] Kohler, 34, German")
Died Coburg, VIC, 29 October 1892, aged 73/74 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


? "SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (10 February 1854), 4 

February 9. - Hong Kong (Dutch), barque, 256 tons, R. Keuker, from London 2nd Nov. Passengers - cabin: Mr. Hystek, family, and servants, Messrs. Hutshens, Liley, Blaksley, Kohler. W. Nicholson, agent.

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 April 1854), 8 

CRITERION HALL, Criterion Hotel, Great Collins-street, Melbourne. Grand Concert Promenade (a la Gungle) THIS EVENING (Tuesday) 11th April, 1854 and every evening during the week . . . Mons. Frank Koehler . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 April 1854), 8 

CRITERION HALL, Criterion Hotel, Great Collins-street, Melbourne. Grand Concert Promenade (a la Gungle) THIS EVENING (Monday) 17th April, 1854 and every evening during the week, with change of programme. Madame Maria Carandini, accompanied by Mons. Lavenu, Ali-Ben-Sou-Alle, Herr Strebinger, Herr Harendorf, Mr. George Chapman, Mons. Frank Koehler, Mr. Johnson and a full Orchestra, carefully selected from the best talent of the colony.

[Advertisement], The Argus (1 November 1854), 8

On Friday, November 3rd, The Philharmonic Society will perform Handel's Oratorio of The Messiah . . . Instrumentalists: . . . Ophicleide - Mr. Hartigan; Horn - Messrs. Kohler and Naughton; Leader - Mr. Jos. Griffiths; Conductor - Mr. Jno. Russell . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (8 February 1859), 3

NOTICE. - The PARTNERSHIP hitherto subsisting between the undersigned, under the style of Plock and Kohler, is this day, DISSOLVED, by mutual content. ADAM PLOCK. FRANZ KOHLER. Witness - Duncan Carter. February 7, 1860.


"CITY COURT", The Argus (17 January 1859), 6

Franz Kohler was, on remand, placed before the Court, charged with having on the evening of Tuesday last, in the absence of her husband, assaulted one Catherine Hamlind, and also by force and violence, and against the consent of the said Catherine Hamlind, with having violated her person . . .

"MELBOURNE NEWS", Bendigo Advertiser (25 February 1859), 2

"CITY COURT. FALSE PRETENCES", The Argus (26 May 1860), 6

Adolf Beissel, a soi-disant shipping agent, was brought up for further examination, charged with obtaining goods under false pretences. Franz Kohler, a musician, said he knew the prisoner, who came to his store on the morning of the 7th instant . . .

"CHARGE OF STEALING BOOTS", The Argus (9 October 1860), 6 

Charles Gurthroyd was charged with stealing a pair of boots from Frank Kohler, a storekeeper in Flinders-lane . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 April 1864), 8 


[Advertisement], The Argus (22 August 1865), 8 

Dear Sir, - We, the undersigned, professors of music in Melbourne, beg to offer you and Madame Simonsen our sincere thanks and congratulations for your visit to our city. Your marvsllous talents have greatly delighted us, and we have no hesitation in saying that we have never yet heard in Australia your superiors. We wish you every success, and will do all in our power to promote it. Trusting your stay may be long with us, we are, with all respect and admiration. Faithfully yours, (Signed)
Chas. E. Horsley, Cesare Cutolo, Edwd. King, Ernest King, F. A. Howson, John Howson, James Schott, F. A. Kohler, Julius Siede, Saml. Chapman, Herr Lundberg, W. Johnson.
Melbourne, August, 1865.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (12 April 1875), 4 

Registration Notices. I, the undersigned, hereby make application to Register "The Eureka Extended Company," as a No Liability Company, under the provisions of "The Mining Companies' Act, 1871" . . . The names and addresses and occupations of the shareholders and the number of shares held by each at this date are as below: - . . . F. A. Kohler, Melbourne, musician - 80 . . .

"Deaths", The Argus (31 October 1892), 1 

KOHLER. - On the 29th inst., at his residence, Bell-street, Coburg, Franz Andreas Kohler, aged 74 years. R.I.P.

"THE BROTHERS KOHLER" (alias of the brothers WILDBLOOD)

KOHLER, Richard Wildblood (R. W. KOHLER; Dick KOHLER)

KOHLER, John Wildblook (John W. KOHLER; Jack KOHLER)

See main page: 


Chinese musician

Active Ballarat, VIC, 1863


[Advertisement], The Star (3 October 1863), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The Star (5 October 1863), 2

At about nine o'clock Mr. Lang, the assiduous president of the institute, brought up to the orchestra a band of some tea or a dozen Chinese, whose services he had enlisted in the good cause. It had been announced that Mr. Ah Coon, the Government interpreter, would favor the company with songs in the Malay, Amoy, and Chin Choo dialects, but Mr. Ah Coon, it appears, did not feel himself in sufficiently robust health to trust his reputation as a vocalist to the hazard of an attempt that evening, confining himself to heralding to the audience the performances of his compatriots. With Chinese music and musical instruments our readers are somewhat familiar, but we dare say they will not be sorry to have the comments of an explanatory paper handed to us on Saturday evening by the president. From this we learn that Ge Sin played on the Kong-wai. The drums covered with buffalo skins were played by Ah Kow, and the gong by Le Tak. The Chinese guitar, or moot-kem, a flat circular instrument with four strings, played on by means of a small piece of bone, was manipulated by Lee-Sem. Wee-Pin played with bone the Sam-yen, a guitar like instrument of three strings, the sounding board being covered with snake-skin. The pan-ewoo, a flat disc of wood for the purpose of keeping time, was beaten by sticks. The shap-ar, a small oblong piece of hardwood six inches by three, was also used for marking time. Wee Pin played the cymbals or cha, well known to dwellers in Ballarat East. Lee Tak also played the gong or laur, "very effective", as Mr. Lang says, "in producing loud music". Lee Yeng and Lee Chok played the tee-uh or tuk-tie, which produced sounds similar to the Scotch bagpipes, or Scotch organ, as Ah Coon calls the instrument. As we have before stated, Mr. Ah Coon did not sing, but Lee Tak and Kong Wai did. The first sang in his natural voice, and the second in falsetto; but, owing to the ponderousness of the accompaniment, neither could be heard. At the conclusion of the songs, the party retired amidst the applause which courtesy, if not appreciation demanded.

"CHINESE SINGING AND PLAYING", Bendigo Advertiser (7 October 1863), 3

KOPP, Julius

Professor of Music and Singing, violinist, organist, orchestra leader

Active Brisbane, QLD, by 1863
Died (suicide) Brisbane, QLD, 6 January 1866


[Advertisement], The Courier (10 October 1863), 6

[News], The Courier (22 December 1863), 2

The concert given by Miss Kramer and Mr. Julius Kopp, last evening, in the School of Arts was a very excellent one, and worthy of the distinguished patronage under which it had been announced. From some cause, his Excellency the Governor and Lady Bowen, though expected to be present, were not in attendance; and the audience, select and appreciative, was not so numerous as we could have desired. We cannot, however, allow this occasion to pass without congratulating the public upon the acquisition of musical talent which we recognise in the person of Mr. Kopp, who is a violinist of a high order. He is a composer also, his first performance being the "Young Australia" Polonnaise, dedicated by him to Captain Phillips who has just left us. It might be regarded as an indication of something like vanity on the part of the "artiste" that he gave precedence to his own work when the names of some of the great masters appeared on the programme; but let us look upon this act as a manifestation of gratitude for his safe conveyance from "Vaderland" to the wide territory of Queensland, or as a peace offering of the first fruits of his genius to the country of his adoption. Mr. Kopp had not before appeared in Brisbane, but the way in which he has been praised in Ipswich, where he made his "debut," led us to expect something superior at his hands. It is unnecessary that we should say anything as to the merits of his composition as such; but of his performances on the violin we can speak with pleasure. A fantasia ("Il Trovatore") by Alard, was rendered with a decision of touch and brilliancy of execution that have never been equalled in this colony as, also, was Artot's "Souvenir de Bellini" ...

[News], The Courier (23 December 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (12 July 1864), 1

"INQUEST", The Brisbane Courier (9 January 1866), 2

[News], The Brisbane Courier (9 January 1866), 2

The remains of the late Julius Kopp, who perhaps held the highest position in this colony as a musician, were conveyed to the Church of England portion of the Brisbane Cemetery yesterday afternoon. As a proof of the respect in which the deceased was hold by all who knew him, we may mention that the Rev. Mr. Mosely, formerly the incumbent of the Fortitude Valley Church, where Mr. Kopp acted as organist, and also the Rev. Mr. Matthews, the present incumbent of the same church, were present at the funeral ... The hearse containing the body of the deceased was followed not only by a large number of his countrymen (Germans), but also by all the male members of the corps dramatique of the Victoria Theatre, the leadership of the orchestra of which was most ably represented by the deceased. After the magnificent service of the Church of England had been read, the members of the German Liedertafel sang the "Hymne an der Nicht", which was composed by the late Mr. Kopp, and arranged by Mr. B. Simmons. ...

"QUEENSLAND", Launceston Examiner (16 January 1866)

Mr. Julius Kopp, the leader of the orchestra of the theatre, shot himself through the head yesterday.


Pianist, composer

Born Paris, France, 1841
Arrived (1) Sydney, NSW, 1 September 1880 (per Australia, from San Francisco)
Returned to Europe, 1882-85
Arrived (2) Adelaide, SA, 1 July 1885 (per Carthage, from London)
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 7 November 1896 (for Europe)
Died Bordeaux, France, 8 July 1916 (TROVE public tag) (NLA persistent identifier)




Kowalski came to Australia for the Melbourne Exhibition of 1880-81. The world premiere season of his opera Vercingetorix at Sydney's Garden Palace opening on 31 March 1881 was followed by a performance in Melbourne. With his friend the writer Marcus Clarke (who died in August 1881) as librettist for most of the work, he wrote an opera Moustique, reportedly premiered in Belgium in 1883 (see Kowalski's letter to the editor of July 1889 for details of the collaboration). One song only from the score was published, We banish love (1881). Under the composer's direction, the Sydney Philharmonic first played the overture of Moustique in March 1886 and a Sydney production followed in 1889. At his Sydney farewell in September 1896 he gave the first performance of his new Piano concerto in C minor, with orchestra conducted by John Delaney.


[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 September 1880), 5

"SHIPPING ARRIVALS", Australian Town and Country Journal (4 September 1880), 36

"Music and the Drama", Australian Town and Country Journal (2 April 1881), 13

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 April 1881), 7

"KOWALSKI'S EXHIBITION CONCERTS", The Argus (15 August 1881), 6

"VERCINGETORIX", The Argus (22 September 1881), 7

"VERCINGETORIX", The Argus (26 September 1881), 6

"SOUTH AUSTRALIA", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 July 1885), 12

"THE SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 March 1886), 9

"ART, MUSIC, AND THE DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1889), 7

"AMUSEMENTS. 'MOUSTIQUE' AT THE OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (3 July 1889), 10

"ROUND ABOUT THE THEATRES", Illustrated Sydney News (11 July 1889), 23

"LIBRETTO OF MOUSTIQUE. TO THE EDITOR", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1889), 8

"M. Henri Kowalski", Australian Town and Country Journal (23 November 1895), 25

"M. KOWALSKI'S ORATORIO", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 December 1895), 10

"ORATORIO - FUTURE LIFE", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 December 1895), 6

"THE KOWALSKI FAREWELL", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1896), 10

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Argus (9 November 1896), 4

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 September 1916), 8

"PERSONAL", The Argus (26 September 1916), 6

"THE KOWALSKI FAREWELL", The Sydney Morning Herald (28 September 1896), 3

Selected colonial works and publications:

The belles of Melbourne (valse de salon) (Melbourne: W. H. Glen & Co., [1880]) 

Vercingetorix, or, Love and patriotism ([libretto] "a lyric drama in three acts by Henri Kowalski; the English libretto by J. Lake") (Melbourne: W. H. Williams, 1881) 

We banish love (from Moustique; words by Marcus Clarke) (Melbourne: Nicholson, [1881]) 

Wilt thou be mine (words by Albert G. Dawes; "The only melody written in Australia by H. Kowalski; dedicated to Mr Armes Beaumont" (Sydney: Nicholson & Co., [1885]) 

Nuit Australienne, op. 76 (valse pour piano) (Mayence: B. Schott; Sydney: Schott, [1886]) 

Spring song (words by Longfellow) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [1886] ) 

Festal lyric ("the pope's episcopal jubilee, 1843-1893") (Sydney: French Musical Instrument Depot, [1893]) 

Dawn and dusk ("words written by H. H.") in The Australian musical album 1894 (Sydney: W. J. Banks, 1894) 

Twilight of love (song; with accomp. of violin or violoncello words by Gilbert Parker; music by Henri Kowalski (Sydney: The French Musical Instruments Depot., [1895]) 

The future life (La vie future) (oratorio; libretto by Arthur Branscombe Wood) [1895]

For memory (words by May Kendall) ([Sydney]: Gordon & Gotch, [1896]) 

O Jesus! open wide thy heart (Sydney: Batson & Co., [18--]) 

Bibliography and resources:

Murphy 2017

KOWARZIK, Francis Frederick (Francis Frederick KOWARZIK; KOWARSIK)

Professor of Music, violinist ("The Van Diemen's Land Paganini"), vocalist, Spanish guitar player, composer

Born Vienna, ? 1813; c. 1810
Arrived TAS, by 1839
Died Launceston, TAS, 7 August 1883, aged 73 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Pianist, organist, teacher of the piano, farmer

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), ? 1846
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1931 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

KOWARZIK, Frederick Ferdinand

Amateur violinist, pianist

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), c.1847
Died Lilydale, TAS, 17 September 1911, aged 64 years (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (7 November 1839), 2

MONSIEUR KOWARZIK, Professor of MUSIC, intending during the Summer Vacation at Ellinthorpe, to make a Tour of the Island, families who wish to have their Piano Fortes tuned, can avail themselves of the opportunity by applying early in December, (if by letter post-paid)

Advertisement], The Courier (3 November 1840), 1

"BALL AND CONCERT", The Courier (6 November 1840), 4


[Launceston news], Colonial Times (11 May 1841), 4

[News], Launceston Examiner (1 April 1843), 4

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (22 September 1849), 882

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (26 September 1849), 890

[News], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 December 1858), 4

Petition for naturalisation, 1861; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:447430; CSD1/1/142/5267 (DIGITISED)

[Advertisement], Launceston Examiner (5 January 1871), 6 

MR. EDMUND KOWARZIK, Quadrant, will be happy to receive a limited number of pupils for instruction on pianoforte. Terms moderate.

Registration of death, 7 August 1883; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1165438; RGD35/1/52 no 252 (DIGITISED)

"Deaths", Launceston Examiner (8 August 1883), 1

Will and probate, Francis Frederick Kowarzik, 1883; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:662790; AD961/1/6 

"UPPER PIPER", The Tasmanian (16 February 1884), p. 13 

Mr. J. W. Wolfe was voted to the chair, when addresses were given by the chairman and Mr. F. Wills; followed by pianoforte duet by E. and F. Kowarzik, cornet1 solo by Mr. F. Watchtershauser, of Longford, violin solo by Mr. F. Kowarzik, with piano accompaniment by Mr. E, Kowarzik. The music was composed by the late F. F. Kowarzik from selections of the opera "Sonnambula." Mr. Watchtershauser gave several pieces on the cornet, accompanied on the piano by Mr. E. Kowarzik, which were a treat. Dialogues by Kowarzik brothers, and reading, recitation, and songs were rendered by ...

Bibliography and resources:

G. F. Stilwell, "Mr. and Mrs. George Carr Clark of Ellinthorp Hall", Tasmanian Historical Research Association 11/3 (April 1963), 72-109 (83-84, 101 note 18)

KRAMER, Madame


KRAMER, Marie (Maria KRAMER, Mary KRAMER; Johanna Henrietta Marie KRAMER; Mrs. J. C. ELLIS; Marie ELLIS)

Alpine and Tyrolese vocalist

Born Altona, Denmark (Germany), c.1843 (daughter of the above)
Active Melbourne, VIC, by August 1855
Active South Australia and Queensland, 1862-63
Married James Cole Ellis (1843-1930), 1864
Active Newcastle, NSW, from 1868 to 1890s
Died Penguin, Ulverstone, TAS, 1907

See also HAIMBERGER family


Marie Kramer arrived in Australia with her mother and stepfather, Julius Haimberger, in 1855. Together the family toured widely, performing as the "Tyrolean Minstels" in mixed programs of folkloric and light classical music, until late 1863. In Brisbane in December that year, she gave her first solo concerts with pianist Julius Kopp, and early in 1864 was enlisted in the Lyster company during its Queensland visit. In March and April she was a minor principal with the company in Sydney and Melbourne, appearing as Lisa in Lucrezia Borgia (Lucy Escott in the title role), Teresa in La sonnambula (Escott) and Thisbe in Rossini's Cinderella (Rosalie Durand).

She married the merchant and future parliamentarian James Cole Ellis in Melbourne in June 1864, and in 1865 resumed public singing as chorister and oratorio soloist with the Emerald Hill Philharmonic Society. In 1866 she first appeared as an oratorio soloist in Ballarat, and into 1867 as principal soprano with the Melbourne Philharmonic.

The Ellises moved to Newcastle, NSW, in mid 1868, and she presented occasional concerts and sang in public there until the end of the decade. Through the 1870s, 1880s, and 1890s, Marie Ellis was a leading figure in Newcastle charities. They retired to Tasmania, where she died in 1907, predeceasing her husband by over 20 years.

Many thanks (2017) to Kurt Ganzl for sharing details of Marie Kramer's marriage and death.


[Advertisement], Süd Australische Zeitung (13 August 1862), 3

[Advertisement], Süd Australische Zeitung (24 September 1862), 3

[News], The Courier (22 December 1863), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Argus (10 June 1864), 4 

ELLIS - KRAMER. - At St. Luke's Church, Emerald-hill, by the Rev. R. B. Dickinson, James C. Ellis, to Marie, eldest daughter of the late Ernest Kramer, Esq., of Altona, Denmark.

"BALLAARAT", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (7 July 1866), 2 

The Ballaarat Harmonic Society announced a grand secular concert to take place on the 27th inst, when "Acis and Galatea," from Handel's Serenata, and Romberg's "Lay of the Bell" will be presented. Mrs. J. C. Ellis is announced as principal soprano, Mr. J. Robson, as usual, to be conductor.

"The Metropolitan Stage", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (21 July 1866), 2 

The oratorio was Handel's "Judas Maccabaeus" ... Mrs. J. C. Ellis was the soprano of the evening, and acquitted herself in a most satisfactory manner. She is possessed of a sweet expressive voice, and an earnest style of singing, which are admirably adapted to semi-sacred music. I believe this lady has sung at suburban amateur concerts with great success, but this is her first attempt in connection with the Philharmonic Society. Her singing of "Pious orgies" impressed me very favourably, and the subsequent airs, "From mighty kings," and "So shall the lute and harp," were sung in such an appropriate and feeling manner, as to gain her a place with the best of our oratorio singers. The society have shown sound judgment in entrusting to Mrs. Ellis the music of which she was so worthy an expositor on Tuesday evening.

"MELBOURNE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Argus (23 January 1867), 5 

... The report of the committee upon the proceedings of the past year was read by the secretary ... The principal vocalists who appeared at the concerts during the year had been - Mrs. J. C. Ellis, Miss M. A. Liddell, Miss Ivey, Mrs. Perraton, Mr. C. A. Donaldson, Mr. W. H. Williams, Mr. E. Exon, Signor Castelli, Mr. G. E. Labertouche, Mr. C. Blanchard, Mr. E. Amery, and Mr. S. Angus ...

"CONCERT IN THE CITY HALL", The Newcastle Chronicle (10 June 1868), 3 

We see by our advertising columns that on Monday next, we are to be favoured with a great musical performance, in the City Hall, in which Mrs. Ellis (formerly known in the musical world as Miss Marie Kramer) will take the leading parts, assisted by two gentlemen from Sydney. Mrs. Ellis has, of late years, resided in Melbourne, where she held the position of leading soprano in the Melbourne Philharmonic and Ballarat Harmonic Societies. We understand that Mrs. Ellis intends to settle here, and we may congratulate the public of Newcastle on such a acquisition, as she may be the means of fostering a greater civility amongst our local amateurs ...

"DEATHS", Examiner (27 August 1907), 1 

ELLIS. - On the 25th Inst., at "Lehara," Penguin, the wife of J. C. Ellis, aged 61.

"MUSIC AND THE DRAMA", The Queenslander (7 August 1909), 35

Bibliography and resources:


Violinist (first violin of the Grand Ducal Opera House of Carlsruhe, Baden), composer

Born Kommatau, near Prague, 1837/8
Arrived Sydney, NSW, by January 1877
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 April 1918, aged 80 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 January 1877), 2

"SYDNEY MUSICAL UNION SOCIETY", Evening News (26 January 1877), 2

Herr Joseph Kretschmann made his debut as a solo violinist, and played an andante of Mendelssohn's with marked effect, and in the finale proved himself to be an executant of such music to whom an audience can listen with pleasure and interest. He played without affectation, and bows firmly and gracefully, and succeeds in giving even presto passages, with great clearness. His tone, perhaps, maybe improved, but his efforts last night were loudly applauded.

"FUNERALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1918), 5

"DEATH OF JOSEF KRETSCHMANN", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 May 1918), 8

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Morning Herald (4 May 1918) 8  

The death of Josef Kretschmann at the age of 80 years last Monday removes from amongst us a touching embodiment of cheery old age, known by sight to thousands of people, and a musician with a genius for teaching, who was adored by his pupils, period after period, for 40 years past. All such will rejoice to learn that their kind-hearted old master kept in harness until within a fortnight of the end, and passed away quietly and happily at Lavender Bay, without any seriously apparent illness. According to a statement made by the violinist in 1910, he was born at Kommatau, near Prague, and was left an orphan at the age of seven. Eventually he entered the Leipsic Conservatorium on a scholarship, and later on, after experience as leader of the orchestra at the Court Theatre, he was appointed violinist for some years to the Grand Duke of Baden-Baden. The Grand Duchess furnished him with the means to realise his ambition of visiting the ruins of Babylon and Nineveh, but his money ran out when he was near Mount Ararat and he beat a hasty retreat back to civilisation via Constantinople. His only other adventure consisted of service as a Red Cross stretcher-bearer during the Franco-Prussian war. Kretschmann was gentle and kind-hearted by nature, and the horrors of war made such an impression on him that the subject was one he dreaded even to refer to. He quoted January, 1876, as the date of his arrival in Sydney, but January, 1878, is probably the correct date [recte January 1877], as a few weeks later he made his debut with the Sydney Musical Union. He conducted the first public performance of Bach's "Passion Music" in the Great Hall of the University, where so many concerts were held before the Town hall was opened in 1889, introduced the second act of "Tannhauser," and organised a series of Haydn Chamber Music Concerts at the Royal Society's rooms. Kretschmann in later life was by no means accurate as a violinist, so that for nearly 30 years his public appearances were confined to his crowded annual students' concerts at the Town Hall, and to his Saturday pupils' recitals at Paling's Hall. His pupils, two or three of whom attained celebrity after tuition in Europe, included for violin Bessie Doyle (Eileen Mitchell O'Moore), Cyril Monk, and Rebe Kussman; and of pianists in the same way Elsie Stanley Hall, Yvonne Leverrier (Mme. Charvin), Madeleine Royle, Esther Kahn, Ruby Rich, Phyllis Hopwood Foldi, and May Summerbelle.

KRIEGSMANN, Caspar Rudolph (Casparino; Herr KRIEGSMANN)

Professor of Music

Born Hanover, 1829/30
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1854
Died Sydney, NSW, 19 April 1903, aged 73


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 November 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 March 1855), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1858), 8

"INSOLVENCY COURT", Empire (22 August 1860), 8

"CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 June 1872), 2

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1903), 6

KROM, John Herman (KRON)

Professor of Music, Piano-forte, English Concertina, Singing, &c.

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1855-59


"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", South Australian Register (10 November 1849), 4

"LIST OF LETTERS ... Unclaimed", The Argus (21 January 1850), 4

"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", South Australian Register (8 March 1850), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (19 February 1855), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (7 September 1855), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (2 December 1857), 4

"CONCERT", The Argus (2 December 1857), 4

"Advertisement], The Argus (4 August 1858), 8

"INSOLVENT COURT ... IN RE JOHN H. KRON", The Argus (15 September 1858), 7

"INSOLVENT COURT", The Argus (14 February 1859), 5


Bandmaster, cornet player, circus musician, manager (Kruger's Variety and Minstrel Company), "musical manipulator" (musical glasses)

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1887
Died ? Keswick, SA, 29 November 1935, aged 71


"ROTUNDA CONCERT", South Australian Register (29 October 1887), 6

"KRUGER'S MINSTRELS", Kapunda Herald (24 January 1890), 2

"KRUGER'S MINSTRELS", The Border Watch (24 May 1890), 2

Mr. Kruger is one of the most versatile members, and his performance on the musical glasses was particularly enjoyed. To play correctly on so many glasses, embracing all the notes in five or six octaves, requires a great deal of dexterity as well as good natural talent.

[Advertisement], Morning Bulletin (29 October 1892), 1

[Advertisement], The Brisbane Courier (12 November 1902), 2

"A SPECIAL MARCH", The Advertiser (30 October 1908), 8

Mr. Benno Kruger, bandmaster of the United Labor Party Band, has composed a special march, entitled "Labor," which is to be played in the eight hours procession on Saturday next. The march opens with an inspiring introduction, leading into "The Song of Australia," followed by a bold and massive bass solo, concluding with a trio. The whole makes a fine march, and reflects credit upon Mr. Kruger, under whose direction the United Labor Party Band is attaining a high state of proficiency.

"LABOR PARTY BAND CONCERT", The Advertiser (10 February 1910), 10

? "DEATHS", The Advertiser (2 December 1935), 14

KRUSE, Herman

Orchestra leader, bandmaster (Kruse's Band; German band; Full Band from the Royal Garden, Vauxhall)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1854 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Empire (10 October 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 October 1854), 2

[Advertisement], Empire (28 October 1854), 1

"SYNOPSIS OF MEETINGS, &;c., FOR THE WEEK", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1854), 5

[Advertisement], Empire (2 November 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1854), 1

"OUR EVENING AMUSEMENTS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1854), 5

KRUSE, Johannes Secundus (John KRUSE)


Born Melbourne, VIC, 22 March 1859
Died London, England, 14 October 1927 (NLA persistent identifier)




Active Melbourne, VIC, 1888-89 (member of Centennial Orchestra)


"FAMOUS VIOLINIST. Johann Kruse Dead. Born in Melbourne", The Argus (18 October 1927), 17

The death is announced of Mr. Johann Kruse, the famous violinist. Johann Kruse was born in Bourke street, Melbourne, where his father had a pharmacy, in 1859, and at in early age he showed signs of unusual musical talent. His first public appearance was with the Philharmonic Society in Melbourne, when he was aged only nine years, and, as he continued to show aptitude with the violin, his parents sent him to Berlin in 1875 to study under Joachim at the Hochschule, where he became a professor. Joachim considered him one of his foremost pupils, and under his guidance Kruse became, in 1882, at the age of 23 years, principal violinist and sub-conductor of the Berlin Philharmonic Society. At this time he founded a string quartet which became famous. He returned to Australia on a short visit in 1885 and played in a concert tour with Miss Nellie Mitchell (Dame Nellie Melba) in Melbourne, Sydney, and Brisbane. Joachim's health had begun to fail at this time, and he recalled Kruse to relieve him at the Hochschule. Some years later he joined the famous Joachim quartet as second violin, and in 1895 he revisited Australia for a second time for a short season, this time playing with the Marshall Hall quartet. Johann Kruse left Germany in 1897 to live in England, and in London he founded his second quartet party, which gave a series of concerts at St. James's Hall. The Saturday Popular Concerts, which were famous in London at the end of the last century, came under his direction, and were so successful that he revived, with equal success, the "Classical Monday Pops," referred to by W. S. Gilbert in "The Mikado." In the same year, 1902, Johann Kruse organised a series of orchestral concerts, with Felix Weingartner as conductor, and in 1903 his Beethoven festival, consisting of eight concerts, met with tremendous support, and was repeated in the following year with a series of seven concerts, in which the pianist, Wilhelm Backhaus, who was in Melbourne late last year, assisted. Mr. W. W. Cobbett, a foremost critic, said of Kruse at this time:- "His experience is most extensive in chamber music. As a violinist, his staccato bowing and trill may be noted as of exceptional brilliancy." Since then Mr. Kruse spent most of his time in teaching, and several Australian pupils, the most famous of whom is Miss Gertrude Algar, studied under him. Some years ago the Melbourne University had negotiations with him at the time when the Ormond chair of music at the University Conservatorium was vacant, but an agreement was not reached. In a recent letter to his brother he expressed his intention of coming to Australia again. He is survived by his wife, who is in London, and a brother, Mr. J. A. Kruse, who for many years has carried on his late father's chemist's business at Hawthorn.

Bibliography and resources:

Sally O'Neill, "Kruse, Johann Secundus (1859-1927)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

Papers of Johann Kruse, National Library of Australia

KUNZE, Carl Julius (Karl; Charles; Herr KUNZE)


Born c. 1825
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1 February 1850 (per Alfred)
Died Adelaide, SA, 26 January 1868, aged 42 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


From his first concerts, Kunze was evidently one of Adelaide's leading pianists, appearing as accompanist with several visiting concert artists, notably Maria Carandini and Emile Coulon in 1855, and Clarisse Cailly in 1856. He was also, as reported in his obituary, a founding member and life director of the Adelaide Liedertafel.


? "ARRIVED", South Australian Register (2 February 1850), 3

"CONCERT OF SACRED MUSIC", South Australian Register (3 May 1855), 3

"MADAME CARANDINI AND M. EMILE COULON", South Australian Register (9 July 1855), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 August 1855), 1

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (13 June 1856), 1 

"SOUTH AUSTRALIAN INSTITUTE SOIREE", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (27 June 1863), 3 

. . . The Deutsche Liedertafel, conducted by Herr Kunze, then sang the chorus "Beremannslied," after which Mr. Linly Norman performed SchulofF's fantasia on Bohemian airs on the pianoforte. Mr. Oehlmann sung the "White Squall," accompanied by Mr. Norman. It was encored, and Mr. Oehlmann substituted the song "Teach me, Mary, how to woo thee." After the chorus by the Liedertafel, "Kommt Bruder trinket," His EXCELLENCY called upon Mr. Daly to deliver his lecture . . .

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (27 January 1868), 3

"TOPICS OF THE DAY", The South Australian Advertiser (27 January 1868), 3

We have to record another painfully sudden death, which occurred on Sunday last. About half-past 5 o'clock in the evening Herr Carl Julius Kunze, a well-known musician, entered Dithmer's coffee shop, in Rundle-street, for the purpose of procuring a little refreshment, when he was taken suddenly unwell and staggered towards the door. He subsequently fell to the ground, and blood flowed from his month. Dr. Gosse was sent for, and on his arrival discovered that the unfortunate gentleman had broken a blood-vessel, and a very few minutes afterwards he expired. Herr Kunze had long been a resident in Adelaide, and had a huge circle of acquaintances in consequence of his profession.

"Plötzlicher Todesfall", Süd Australische Zeitung (29 January 1868), 9 

Mit Leidwesen haben wir unseren Lesern die Anzeige zu machen, dass am Sonntag Nachmittag, gegen halb 6 Uhr, unser Landsmann Hr. Carl Julius Kunze plötzlich verstorben ist. Hr. Kunze fühlte sich in Rundle-street unwohl werden, erhielt einen Blutsturz und eilte rasch in das ihm zunächst befindliche Kaffeehaus des Hrn. Dithmer, von wo aus sofort ärztliche Hülfe requirirt wurde, die leider erfolglos blieb, indem der Bruch eines Blutgefässes in der Brust seinem Leben in wenigen Minuten ein Ende machte. Da der Verstorbene als bekannter und beliebter Musiker einen grossen Theil von Freunden und Bekannten hatte, so erregte die Nachricht seines so unerwarteten plötzlichen Todes allgemeines Bedauern und sprach sich dieses bei dem am Dienstag Nach mittag statthabenden Begräbnisse deutlich aus. Beim Eintritts des Grabgeleites auf dem West-Terrasse Gottesacker wurde dasselbe mit einem von Schrader's Kapelle gespielten Chorale empfangen und um Schlösse der von dem Rev. Mr. Read gehaltenen Grabrede sangen die Mitglieder der Liedertafel das Lieblingslied ihres verewigten früheren Directors: "Schlaf wohl Camerad." Der Verstorbene war ein Altenburger und hatte als Officier die Kämpfe in Schleswig-Holstein mitgemacht, worauf er im Jahre 1850 auswanderte und hierher kam. Mit grossem Musiktalente begabt, widmete er sich hier dem Lehrfache der Musik und gelang es ihm rasch, in dieser Stellung sich einen hervorragenden Rang zu gewinnen. Der Verstorbene ist etwas ├╝ber 42 Jahr alt geworden und starb unverheirathet.

With regret we have to inform our readers that on Sunday afternoon, at half past six, our compatriot Hr. Carl Julius Kunze died suddenly. Mr. Kunze became unwell in Rundle-street, suffered a hemorrhage, and hurried quickly to the cafe of Mr. Dithmer, from where immediate medical assistance was requisitioned, but which unfortunately was unsuccessful, and as the resuly of the rupture of a blood vessel in his chest, his life came to an end a few minutes later. As the deceased was a well-known and popular musician with a large circle of friends and acquaintances, the news of his unexpected sudden death excited general regret, as clearly seens at his funeral on Tuesday afternoon. At the entrance of Gottesaker's funeral chapel of on West Terrace, he was received with a chorale played by Schrader's band, and afetr a funeral oration read by the Rev. Mr. Read the members of the Liedertafel sang the favorite song of their former life director: "Sleep well, Comrade." The deceased was an Altenburger, and had served as an officer in the battles in Schleswig-Holstein, whereupon he emigrated in 1850 and came here. Gifted with great musical talent, he devoted himself here to the teaching of music and succeeded quickly in gaining a high reputation for excellence. The deceased was just over 42 years old and died unmarried.

[Advertisement], Süd Australische Zeitung (12 February 1868), 7 


Amateur bass vocalist, surgeon

Active Castlemaine, VIC, by 1856
Died Mainz, Germany, 12 June 1885 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"THE PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Mount Alexander Mail (3 August 1859), 3 

On Monday evening, this society gave a grand concert at the theatre, which was attended by a most respectable and attentive audience. The concert was conducted bv Mr. Moss; Mrs. Fox presided at the piano; and Mr. Vincent played the harmonium . . . The members of the Society were assisted by Mr. Vincent, Mr. W. H. Williams, of the Melbourne Philharmonic Society, and Dr. Kupferberg . . . The recitative and air of "For behold darkness," and "The people that walked in darkness," were executed in a masterly style by Dr. Kupferberg, who is a thorough musician . . .

"Plötzlicher Tod", Australische Zeitung (19 August 1885), 3 

Der "Mainzer Anzeiger" vom 12. Juni, der uns von einem Freunde in Sydney-zugefchickt wurde, enthält folgende Mittheilung: Herr Dr. Florian Kupferberg ist plötzlich gestorben. Man fand ihn heute Morgen todt in feinem Bette, nachdem er gestern noch im Rhein gebadet hatte. Herr Dr. Kupferberg, seiner Zeit in die freiheitliche Bewegung des Jahres 1848 verwickelt, wurde damals zu eiuer längeren Freiheitsstrafe verurtheilt, welche er zum Theil auch verbüßte. Später begnadigt, ging er nach Süd Amerika und Australien, von wo er nach mehrjähriger Abwesenheit hierher zurückkehrte, um sich in seiner Vaterstadt als Arzt niederzulassen. In der letzten Zeit stand er an der Spitze der nationalliberalen Parte.

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2019