THIS PAGE LAST MODIFIED : Wednesday 24 July 2019 14:06

A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–N

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–N", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 16 September 2019

- N -


Harpist, teacher of the harp (pupil of Bochsa)

Acrive Sydney, NSW, by mid 1855
Died Sydney, NSW, 29 October 1866 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NAEGUELI, Wilhemlmina Eliza Mary (Mrs. R. Rupert EWEN)

? Teacher of the pianoforte and singing

Active Sydney, NSW, by mid 1855
Married R. Rupert EWEN, Sydney, NSW, (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Teacher of the pianoforte and singing, professor of music and languages

Active Sydney, NSW, by 1855
Died Parramatta, NSW, 23 May 1903 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (5 July 1855), 1 

MADAME NAEGUELI, pupil of Bochsa, gives lessons on the harp and flower painting.

MADEMOISELLES NAEGUELI, pupils of Herr Nast, Madame Ronchetti, and Signor Vercellini, give lessons on the pianoforte, in Italian, German, English, and French singing, the German and French languages, and drawing. References permitted to Dr. Macfarlane, Gilbert Elliott, Esq., - Morehead, Esq., and Francis Mitchell, Esq. 10, Elizabeth-street North.

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 December 1856), 1 

December 24th, at Christ Church, by the Rev. Canon Walsh, M.A., incumbent, R. Rupert Ewen, Esq., of Kingsdown House, Bathurst, to Wilhelmine Eliza Mary, eldest daughter of the late Herr Naegueli, of Canton Berne, Switzerland, and grand-daughter of the late Rev. Dr. Richardson, Vicar of Great Dunmow, and head master of Dedham Grammar School, Essex, England.

"CONCERT AT THE SCHOOL OF ARTS", Sydney Mail (7 July 1866), 2 

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 October 1866), 1 

On the 29th instant at her residence, No. 2, Hyde Park-terrace, MARY, relict of the late Colonel FREDERICK NAEGUELI, of Bern, Switzerland, and daughter of the late Rev. Alexander Richardson, D.D., Rector of Dunmow, and Head Master of the Royal Foundation Grammar School, Dedham, Essex.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (3 June 1903), 1398 

NAEGUELI. - May 23, at Parramatta, Mdlle. Mary Naegueli, professor of music and languages.

NAEJ, Madame (Madame NEAJ; Madame Leon NAEJ; Madame LEON NAEJ)

Soprano vocalist, teacher of singing (de l'opéra de Paris)

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by 1856
Departed VIC, March 1865 (per Great Britain, for Europe) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NAEJ, Miss


NAEJ, Felicia (Felicia NAEJ)



[Advertisement], The Argus (6 September 1856), 8

"ENGLISH COMPOSITION BY FOREIGN COMPOSITORS", Melbourne Punch (15 January 1857), 185

"THE PRINCESS THEATRE OPERA HOUSE", The Argus (14 April 1857), 6

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 June 1857), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 February 1860), 8

[News], The Argus (25 April 1861), 5

"THE FAGIN OF MELBOURNE", Goulburn Herald (11 May 1861), 4

"PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", Bendigo Advertiser (24 July 1861), 2

"TESTIMONIAL OF RESPECT TO MR. E. D. MERRILL, LATE AMERCIAN CONSUL", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 July 1862), 6

The company were taken by surprise by the appearance of Mademoiselle Leon Naej from behind the scene, attired as the Goddess of Liberty, in which character she sang the "Star spangled Banner" in a spirited and effective manner, and was received by loud plaudits.

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (2 July 1864), 1

"LYCEUM THEATRE", Bendigo Advertiser (31 January 1865), 2

"A FAREWELL CONCERT", Bendigo Advertiser (1 March 1865), 2

... Madame Leon Naej sang an air from "Il Trovatore," and another from "Don Pasquale," the latter in answer to an encore, and in both was loudly applauded. Miss Naej presided at the piano, and played several beautiful solos with great taste and skill, especially the solo "When the Swallow". Miss Felicia Naej sang very sweetly "Oh, Steer my Bark to Erin's Isle," and "I'll be no Submissive Wife."

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (8 March 1865), 4

NAGEL, Charles (Captain NAGEL; NAGLE)

Song writer, composer, playwright

Born ?, c.1806; ? Cold Harbour, Cork, Ireland, baptised 1 November 1802
Arrived NSW, by May 1835
Died Liverpool Asylum, NSW, 17 April 1870, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Charles Nagel, "gentleman", became an ensign in the 97th Regiment in June 1826, and a lieutenant in December 1829. He arrived in NSW in time to be present at the King's Birthday celebrations in May 1837 and became a grazier in the Upper Hunter region (his name sometimes spelt "Nagle" in the press).

Impending insolvency perhaps brought him back to Sydney by May 1842 and spurred him toward literary work. His first production, that month, was initially called Sham Catalani, then Mock Catalani in Little Puddleton, a "Musical Burletta" or "Musical Extravaganza" premiered at the Royal Victoria Theatre on 4 May, including songs composed by him, four of which were advertised as published, A sensitive plant (aria), It was but a dream (song), The pretty bark hut in the bush (song), and Wellington (song) (Sydney: T. Rolfe, [1842]). A copy of the printed libretto survives (Sydney: James Tegg, 1842) at British Library, HSS 1344.k.8., digitised here: (DIGITISED)

Two more songs were advertised for a revival at the City Theatre in May 1843, Maid of Castile ("sung by Mrs. Wallace and composed expressly for her by C. Nagle, Esq.") and Little girls and boys (for Mrs. Ximenes), but in the event were reportedly not performed. See also Nagel's Farewell address to the 28th Regiment (on their departure to India; spoken at the Royal Victoria Theatre, Sydney, New South Wales on the evening of the 14th June 1842), delivered before a performance of the Catalani.

His next work, Shaksperi conglommorofunnidogammoniae ("a musical extravaganza in one act by Charles Nagel") was published by W. A. Duncan in October 1853, and staged in 1844, however it contained no original music, his songs being set to standard airs. Nagel also indicated that the tune Oh dear, what can the matter be? was to be used for an instrumental piece; there was to be a "fight to the tune of a gavotte"; Hamlet's Ghost would rise "to the Tune of Paddy Carey"; there was a song to the tune Here's to the maiden of bashful fifteen; and a finale to Yankee Doodle.

Nagel also wrote the libretto for Isaac Nathan's first Australian opera, Merry freaks in troublous times (1843; published edition later; libretto published separately).

Dating from August 1855, is his only other surviving song setting The banner of old England ("A Song dedicated to the Blue and Red Jackets, by an Old Soldier"; "New Zealand 1845 Tahiti"; "Words and Music by Chas. Nagel, Esq.").


CR-RC-BA-54216; Cork & Ross, St. Finbarr's Sth, Cork, register, page 416; p4778.00376 

WAR OFFICE, Edinburgh Gazette (16-20 June 1826)

A list of the officers of the Army and of the Corps of Royal Marines, 279

"WAR OFFICE", The Edinburgh Gazette (25 December 1829)

"HIS MAJESTY'S BIRTHDAY", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (30 May 1835), 2

"UNCLAIMED LETTERS", The Colonist (12 October 1839), 4

"Colonial Secretary's Office", The Sydney Monitor (2 November 1840), 2

"In the Insolvent Estate of CHARLES NAGEL, of Murton, Upper Hunter, Settler", New South Wales Government Gazette (25 February 1842), 315

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (4 May 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (7 May 1842), 2 [with list of numbers in Mock Catalani]

"Theatricals", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (12 May 1842), 3

"THE THEATRICAL EXAMINER", The New South Wales Examiner (11 May 1842), [3]

[Advertisement], "MUSIC", Australasian Chronicle (10 May 1842), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (19 May 1842), 3

This day is published ... All the Songs

"NEW MUSIC", Australasian Chronicle (12 May 1842), 2

"NEW MUSIC", Australasian Chronicle (14 May 1842), 2

 "CHARLES NAGEL, ESQ. AND THE MOCK CATALANI", Australasian Chronicle (21 May 1842), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Herald (6 June 1842), 3

"LITERATURE", Australasian Chronicle (9 June 1842), 3

"IMPOUNDINGS. MUSWELLBROOK", The Sydney Herald (15 March 1842), 3

[Advertising], The Australian (30 June 1842), 3

"CITIZEN LIST", Australasian Chronicle (8 September 1842), 4

E. H. Malcolm, "THEATRES IN THE BRITISH COLONIES", Fisher's colonial magazine (May to August 1843), 202 

The Syndey Gazette, the Monitor, and the Australian are morning papers published at Sydney, in which the theatre meets with admiring critics. The force of their criticism has, in fact, produced the desiderated effect of shaming the community of Sydney into doing something in behalf of a colonial drama, and the call has been cleverly responded to by the production of home-made or indigenous tragedy, melodrame, and opera. The Australian (1842) writes - "It is indeed pleasing to recount the success which the excellent colonial-written piece, 'A Mock Catalani,' meets, on every successive night of its representation." - The music of this little opera is above par, judging from a song belonging to it which we have heard, accompanied at the piano-forte. It is a ballad in the Haynes Bayley style; sentimental, with a dash of the genteelly-comic. The prettiness and originality of this song will carry it beyond the limits of the Sydney theatre and a private drawing-room in this country . . .

[Advertisement]: "ROYAL CITY THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 May 1843), 2

"THEATRICALS", The Australian (2 June 1843), 2

"LITERARY REGISTER: Merry Freaks in Troublous Times", The Weekly Register 1/9 (23 September, 1843), 132-34

"MUSICAL REGISTER: The New Opera", The Weekly Register 1/12 (14 October 1843), 171

"INSOLVENCY PROCEEDINGS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 October 1844), 2

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 June 1845), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 June 1845), 1

[Advertisement]: "JUST PUBLISHED", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 August 1845), 1

"NEW MUSIC", Morning Chronicle (9 August 1845), 3

"NEW MUSIC", The Weekly Register (9 August 1845), 62

"THE BANNER OF OLD ENGLAND", The Australian (30 August 1845), 3

[Advertisement]: "Just Published", The Examiner (6 September 1845), 39

"PETTY SESSIONS", Sydney Chronicle (9 January 1847), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (4 March 1847), 4



Pelosi 2003, Colonial drama revealed, or plays submitted for approval 

NAIRNE, Catherine Stirling (Katherine CAMERON; Mrs. Charles Ross NAIRN, senior)

Teacher of Piano-forte, Organist (St. John's Church, Launceston)

Born ? England, 12 September 1794
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL, 1822
Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1825
Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), by 1834
Departed Launceston, VDL (TAS), 15 July 1845 (per Shamrock, for Sydney)


The Nairnes, from Scotland, had arrived in Hobart Town in 1822. In 1825, Charles applied by advertisement for the vacant post of cashier of the Bank of Van Diemen's Land (on account of previous experience in banking in Scotland), but settled instead to farming, at Coal River, near Richmond. In 1829, Charles was widely rumoured to have fathered a child by a convict servant, Mary McLauchlan, who was later convicted of killing the child. The Tasmanian very pointedly printed Nairne's name in capitals in reporting her execution in April 1830.

The Nairnes had re-settled in Launceston by 1834. Charles died in Sydney in February 1842, aged 46 (their eldest son, also Charles Ross, died in 1845), and by 1843 (probably earlier) and until mid-1845, Catherine was organist of St. John's, Launceston. Her most notable musical venture was her 1843 oratorio, which appears to have been inspired by, and compared unfavourably with, a similar recent concert of sacred music given by the visitors John and Eliza Bushelle.

Catherine and two daughters sailed for Sydney in July 1845. Her youngest son James Henry (born 1827) drowned at Tala, VIC, in 1855; her eldest son Robert was living in Castlemaine at the time

One later memorist appears to confuse Nairne with her daughter-in-law, Hannah Capon, who married Charles Ross junior in 1844.


"FIRST WOMAN EXECUTED", The Tasmanian (23 April 1830), 5 

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (13 February 1834), 1

"TO THE EDITOR", Launceston Examiner (26 April 1843), 6

"MRS. NAIRNE", The Cornwall Chronicle (28 April 1843), 2

"MRS. NAIRNE", The Cornwall Chronicle (29 April 1843), 2 

This lady who has for many years been a resident in this colony, and whose meritorious struggles against stern adversity are known to every inhabitant, applied to the committee of the Infant School, for the use of the Room for an Oratorio, which, assisted by some talented musical friends, was suggested should take place, for her benefit ...

"MRS. NAIRNE'S ORATORIO", Launceston Examiner (14 June 1843), 3

"ORATORIO", Launceston Advertiser (15 June 1843), 3 

"Shipping Intelligence", Launceston Examiner (16 July 1845), 4 

July 15. - Steamer Shamrock, 200 tons, Gilmore, master, for Sydney ... Passengers - Mrs. & Miss Nairne, Miss A. Nairne ...

"ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE", The Cornwall Chronicle (19 July 1845), 9

"HALF A CENTURY ... (BY A. L.)", Launceston Examiner (23 April 1892), 2 

.., in Elizabeth-street, hard by the old St. John's Church, is the veritable brick Sunday school house, the foundation stone of which I saw laid, and on its being opened by Mr. Henty, the superintendent, I was the first boy to enter as a scholar. St. John's Church was the only Episcopalian place of worship, as far as I can remember, then, and the two clergymen were Dr. Brown and Mr. (or was it Dr.?) Gibbons. I well remember the organist, Mrs. Nairn, who lived out on the George Town road; and no less do I mind his clerk, Jones by name ...

"HALF A CENTURY", Launceston Examiner (30 April 1892), 7 

... Mrs. Nairn, who was for some time organist, was daughter of the late Wm. Capon, who was in business as plumber and painter in Charles-street, next to Tevelein's saddlery shop ...

"REMINISCENCES [BY B.]", Launceston Examiner (12 November 1892), 2

About 59 years since (1833) my father arrived here from England, and on the first Sunday after his arrival attended worship in St. John's Church. The singing, such as it was, was chiefly noticeable from the absence of instrumental aid, though an organ, resplendent in its polished oak case with gilt pipes, stood in the gallery. As he was leaving the church, my father enquired from the verger the reason of the organ's silence, and received for answer, "The organist in serving a sentence in the chain gang, so we can't have any music." Some years later than this Mrs. Nairn became organist ...

Bibliography and resources:

Helen McDonald, Human remains: dissection and its histories (Yale: Yale University Press, 2006), 42-86, especially from 62 (PREVIEW)

Nicola Goc, Women, infanticide and the press, 1822-1922: news narratives in England and Australia (London: Routledge, 2016), 103 (PREVIEW)


Mezzo-soprano vocalist

Born Combaning, Temora, NSW, 28 January 1870
Died Clevecot, Oxfordshire, England, 16 January 1941 (NLA persistent identifier)



"CONSUMPTIVES' HOME CONCERT", Evening News (28 July 1897), 2

Kowalski's "Twilight of love" was so well sung by Miss Marie Narelle that an encore resulted.

"MISS MARIE NARELLE'S CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (19 August 1899), 7

"MARIE NARELLE DEAD", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1941), 8

Bibliography and resources:

G. P. Walsh, "Narelle, Marie (Molly) (1870-1941)", Australian dictionary of biography suppl. (2005)

NASH, Benjamin

Tenor vocalist

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1858
Died SA, April 1890 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NASH, Mrs. (unsure if connected with the above)

Piano teacher

Active Adelaide, SA, by 1856


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (8 July 1856), 1 

MUSIC. MRS. NASH is prepared to receive PUPILS for INSTRUCTION on the PIANOFORTE, at her residence, Wright-street, opposite St. Luke's Church. Schools and Families attended. Adelaide, July 7, 1856.

"EAST TORRENS INSTITUTE", Adelaide Observer (27 February 1858), 3 

On Wednesday evening, a concert, instrumental and vocal, was given at this Institute, on which occasion there was in attendance a respectable audience, consisting of about 80 ladies and gentlemen. The concert, under the direction of Mr. Chapman, commenced With an overture, which was played with much precision and effect. Several songs followed, amongut which might be mentioned "Good bye, sweetheart, good-bye," sung by Mr. Nash. This vocalist has a very fair voice, but it would produce a much better effect if be could get rid of the curious mannerism of closing and opening his eyes in a my that produces laughter when the audience should be moved by quite other feelings. He was, hewever, encored in this song, and deservedly so . . .

[Advertisement], The South Australian Advertiser (6 February 1860), 1 

WHITE'S BOOMS. TUESDAY, February 7, 1860.
Pianist - Mr. Richelieu. Cornet-a-Piston - Mr. McCulloch.
Vocalists - Mrs. A. Wallis (first appearance since her arrival from Melbourne).
Miss Louisa Grant (from tho City Hall, Glasgow), her first appearance in Adelaide.
Tenor - Mr. Nash. Basso - Mr. Ball.
Local Songs by the celebrated Nondescript, and Sam Cowell's burlesques in character. The strictest order will be observed, and the study of the Manager will be to provide a cheap, rational, and first class entertainment.

"Obituary", Evening Journal (21 April 1890), 2 

The announcement of the death of Mr. Benjamin Nash, who was one of the representatives of West Torrens in the House of Assembly, will be received with very general regret . . . Mr. Nash was born at Birmingham on March 5, 1829, and in 1855 arrived in Melbourne, remaining there for three months before coming over to Adelaide in July of that year. Some time afterwards he opened up a business in Leigh street as a tailor . . . From 1858 till 1865 Mr. Nash was a member of the West Adelaide contingent of volunteers, who served under Colonel Mayo, and he carried out the first contract in the colony for the manufacture of uniforms, the number being 1,800. He was specially fond of muslc, and up to the last retained a very powerful tenor voice, which he delighted to exercise. Mr. Nash, who was married twice, leaves a widow, two sons (Messrs. J. G. Nash, an engineer of this city, and Mr. J. F. Nash, of Sydney), two married daughters (Mrs. J. J. Leahy, wife of a well-known contractor, and Mrs. T. Carter, of Roseworthy), and one single daughter . . .

NASH, George (Mr. G. NASH)

Bass vocalist

Active Perth, WA, by 1838
Departed WA, by early 1848 (for England)


"WESTERN AUSTRALIAN CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY", The Perth Gazette and Western Australian Journal (10 November 1838), 178 

"Performance of Sacred Music", Inquirer (14 May 1845), 1

... The next was an exquisite air, and trio, of Fitzpatrick, Father of Mercy, very beautifully sung by Mrs. Maycock, Miss A. Trigg, and Mr. G. Nash ... the fine bass of Mr. Nash rendered the harmony complete, and left nothing for the most critical ear to cavil at.

[News], The Perth Gazette and Independent Journal of Politics and News (29 January 1848), 3 

... Mr. Bussell is appointed Storekeeper vice Mr. G. Nash who has resigned and returns to England ...

NASH, Henry George

Baritone vocalist

Born VDL (TAS), 7 December 1845
Active Adelaide, SA, by 1874
Died Henley Beach, SA, 22 May 1929, aged 84


"FIFTY YEARS A CHORISTER", The Register (3 July 1916), 5

Mr. H. G. Nash's Record. "I began my career as a chorister in what is now known as the Christ Church Pro-Cathedral, Ballarat, shortly before I reached my 21st birthday, and, as I am still a member of the St. Peter's Cathedral Choir, I consider I have attained my jubilee in choir work," remarked Mr. H. G. Nash to a reporter on Saturday. Mr. Nash has retired from the railways service on account of the age stipulation, after 43 years' service in the department. He is the only foundation member of the choir of St. Peter's Cathedral, North Adelaide, who is still contributing his services. The choir was inaugurated in 1878. Mr. Nash was born in Tasmania on December 7, 1845, and when very young was taken by his parents to reside in Victoria. He lived in Geelong for about six years, and received his education at the Geelong Grammar School. He regards with pride the fact that he was one of the first scholars to go into the new building. A Veteran Baritone. Mr. Nash is an old musical identity in Adelaide, and has delighted many large audiences with his excellent baritone voice. Almost immediately after his arrival in South Australia he joined the choir of St. Paul's Church, and the old Adelaide Philharmonic Society, in which he made his first public appearance as a soloist in this province. On that occasion he sang the baritone solos in Mendelssohn's 'Elijah'. From that time onward he took part in many of the principal concerts held in Adelaide, and had the privilege of singing with such well-known vocalists as Mrs. Palmer, Miss Ada Crossley, Madam Kate Thayer, Madam Antoinette Sterling, and Messrs. Charles Santley, Armes Beaumont and others. He has sung solo parts in 'The Messiah,' 'The Creation,' 'Judas Maccabeus,' ''Calvary,' 'The Redemption,' 'Israel in Egypt,' and numerous cantatas, the most important being Cowen's 'Sleeping Beauty', 'Damon and Phihias,' and Gade's 'Lion.' In the last-named work - which has been rendered three times in Adelaide - Mr. Nash has sung the baritone solo (the only solo in the piece) on each occasion. The last performance was only a week or two before his 70th birthday, when the work was given at the last Advent Oratorio service in St. Peter's Cathedral. Some of his musical friends then remarked that he had never done anything better. Mr. Nash himself considers that in the singing of this beautiful but most trying solo he has been at his best. A Notable Performance. An event upon which the veteran linger looks back with particular satisfaction was be notable production by the late Adelaide Musical Association of 'The Sleeping Beauty' in the Jubilee Exhibition Hall in 1888 [recte 1889], at which it was estimated between four and five thousand people attended, the whole of the floor space of the building was occupied. The performance was conducted by the composer (Sir Frederick Cowen) himself, who had completed his enragement as musical director of the Melbourne Exhibition concert in 1887 [recte 1888]. Mr. Nash sang the baritone solos, and has always considered it to be the most important concert in which he has participated. Another notable work with which Mr. Nash was associated was the presentation by the St Peter's Cathedral Choir of Brahms's 'Requiem,' about 12 years ago, when he took the principal part. As Enthusiastic as Ever. Mr. Nash has pleasant recollections of his association with Madam Kate Thayer, the gifted American soprano, who came to Adelaide about the year 1880 [recte 1882], and gave a series of 12 Saturday popular concerts which were so well received that she arranged an additional 12. Mr. Nash was engaged at the whole 24 concerts, and had be satisfaction of being assured by Madam Thayer that his services had materially added to the success of the undertaking. Although the veteran singer has more than reached the proverbial three-score years and ten, he is still as keen as ever, and loves his work in the Cathedral Choir as much as he did in his younger days.

"PERSONAL", Chronicle (12 January 1924), 40

"MR. H. G. NASH", Chronicle (23 May 1929), 31 

NASH, Mr. J. P.

Vocalist, guitarist (New York Serenaders), agent

Active, by 1851


[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (1 March 1851), 133

"THE SERENADERS", Colonial Times (1 April 1851), 2

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (5 July 1851), 3

"DEPARTURES", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 October 1851), 2


Singer (Hobart Synagogue)

Arrived Hobart, 1842; free

Summary (Levi):

With his friend Edward Isaacs was one of "the group of young congregational activists who helped establish a synagogue in Hobart Town ... He sang in the choir at the consecration service and was chosen to read a psalm in Hebrew at the service." He was in Sydney in the 1870s, and later followed the gold rush to Dunedin NZ. (Levi, These are the names (2006), 612)



"THE SYNAGOGUE", The Observer (15 July 1845), 3

"THE SYNAGOGUE", Colonial Times (11 July 1845), 3



NATHAN, Alfred

NATHAN, Charles



NATHAN, Rosetta

NATHAN, Temple

Go to main Nathan family main page:

NATHAN FAMILY (family of Barnet Moses Nathan)

Juvenile vocalists, musicians, dancers, actors

Active Australia, 1864-1870
Departed for California, ? 1870

NATHAN, Barnett Moses

Theatrical manager

NATHAN, Marion



NATHAN, Selina

NATHAN, Edward



From their first appearances in Adelaide in 1864, theatrical manager Barnet Moses Nathan toured his young family in Australia and New Zealand during the 1860s before leaving for California in 1870.


[News], South Australian (22 September 1846), 7

? [Insolvents], The London Gazette (1854), 1123

[? perhaps his ? father, Isaac Nathan's younger brother]

"BIRTHS", The Argus (4 October 1856), 4

"BILLSTICKERS BEWARE", Bendigo Advertiser (31 March 1859), 2

"CERTIFICATES LAPSED", The Argus (9 February 1864), 6

"THE CASTLEMAINE AMATEURS. To the Editor", Bendigo Advertiser (8 October 1860), 2

[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (5 January 1863), 1

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (28 May 1864), 2

"BENCH OF MAGISTRATES", South Australian Register (13 September 1864), 3

"VICTORIA THEATRE", South Australian Register (28 September 1864), 3

[News], The South Australian Advertiser (26 April 1865), 2

A complimentary benefit will be given on Friday night at the theatre to the clever young family of Mr. Nathan, the acting manager. The performances will consist of the Easter pantomime, which will be played first, a musical melange by the Nathan Family, and a laughable afterpiece.

[News], The Argus (21 July 1868), 5

At the Theatre Royal last evening the performances of the Nathan Juvenile Troupe constituted the sole entertainment provided. This company consists of the Nathan family, viz.; Mrs. Nathan [sic], Mrs. B. M. Nathan, the children, Julia, Selina, Edward, Louis, and Marion Nathan; and Messrs. J, Small and J. Chambers. These performers undertook the whole business of the evening, which included the representation of three pieces, to wit, the comedy of "Andy Blake", the farce of "The Colonial Servant", and "The Happy Man", and a duet on the cornet-a-piston by Masters Edward and Louis Nathan ... It is proper to state that the youngest Miss Nathan is an "infant phenomenon" of a most pronounced type - a sort of sublimated Ninetta Crummles. Her infantine graces, dancing, mimicry, and humour, could not but amuse while she was on the stage ... this youngest Miss Nathan ("la petite Marion", as she is designated in the playbills) is indeed a wonderful young person.

"THE NATHAN JUVENILE TROUPE", South Australian Register (8 September 1868), 2

"THE NATHAN JUVENILE TROUPE", New Zealand Herald (15 March 1869), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 December 1869), 8

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury (29 January 1870), 1

NATHANSON, Gottfried (Godfrey, Godfred)

Bass vocalist, "opera singer", ? farmer, dyer

Born ? Sweden, 1834/5 (aged "25" at July 1859)
Active VIC, by 1859 (? as a farmer)
Married Caroline HALBERG, VIC, 1865
Departed Sydney, NSW, 29 August 1868 (per Alexander Duthie, with Lyster company, for San Francisco, USA)
Died USA, 24 November 1919 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Nathanson arrived in London on the John Bull from Hamburg on 14 March 1859. Described on the passenger manifest as a "farmer", aged "25", he departed from Liverpool on the Tudor on 17 July 1859 sailing for Melbourne, Australia.


[Advertisement], Empire (22 May 1860), 1 

"LAW REPORT. INSOLVENT COURT. Friday, October 12", The Argus (15 October 1860), 5 

NEW INSOLVENTS . . . Gottfried Nathanson, of Melbourne, dyer. Causes of insolvency - Want of employment, and loss of salary at Sydney and Ballarat as an opera singer. Debts, £33 12s. 10d.; assets, £2; deficiency, £31 12s. 10d. Mr. Jacomb, official assignee.

"THE OPERA", The South Australian Advertiser (22 April 1861), 3 

Relying, we suppose, upon the attractions of Fraulein Fannie and the Leopolds, Signor Bianchi had not announced any operatic novelty during the new season, till Saturday night, when "Il Barbiere di Sivigiia" was produced . . . The remaining part then was Don Basilio, filled hy Mr. Nathanson, a gentleman who for the first time emerged from the obscurity of the chorus, and took his place amongst the stars. The character belongs rather to the passive than the active kind; its vocation is rather to suffer than to do; its humour is quiet, not demonstrative; but there is one thing in it which is always looked forward to with anxious expectation, and that is the famous descriptive song of "La calunnia," in which the gentle rise of calumny and its gradual increase in volume, until it becomes a universal chorus, are so graphically delineated. We are bound to say that Mr. Nathanson acquitted himself with considerable credit in this his opening effort; but like all grand morceaux, the aria is capable of almost infinite expression, and if he endeavours to enter yet more completely into the spirit of tho soug, he may give even a more successful rendering of it. As his voice, however, though clear is not powerful, he would do well to exert himself a little more, and so make the most of it . . .

"CALIFORNIAN THEATRICAL NEWS", The Australasian (25 September 1869), 18 

The following letter, from San Francisco, California, under date June 3, 1869, has kindly been placed at my disposal, and as it contains some news of old Melbourne favourites, it may perhaps be interesting to many of your readers:

"On our arrival with the Lyster troupe at this glorious place we had a splendid reception. The town, however, was half shaken down by an earthquake, and people were dying as fast as possible with the small-pox. So you see we had a nice place to come to. But that was not all. We opened a season of opera, but had to close rather sooner than we expected; it was the greatest failure you ever heard of. The people would not have Escott and Squires at any price, in fact, Ted Beaumont, Sutcliffe, and Miss Warden, were the only members of the company they appeared to care about, and the only ones that got any praise in the papers. The season came to an untimely end, and we all burst up. Mr. and Mrs. William Lyster left shortly after for Australia. Fred Lyster, Sutliffe, and Ted Beaumont are now singing at Magoire's Opera-house. Lyster is conductor, Beanmont principal tenor, and Sutliffe principal baritone. They were offered a very good engagement for six months, and as it was the only thing they could do here, they accepted. The people here do not care for any other than Christy Minstrel musical performances. Baker and Kitts have been playing with another minstrel troupe at the Alhambra Theatre, and Geraldine Warden has been very successful in her burlesque of "L'Africaine" at the same house. The only thing we do not like is the black faces, otherwise all is rosy. Squires and Escott have been giving a few concerts in the country, but have not made much out of them. Bachrach, Nathanson, and several others of the company, myself among the number, are about doing nothing particular. Madame Parepa Rosa has offered Beanmont a good engagement for six months after his present term is finished, and he has definitely accepted it. Sutliffe, Baker, and Kitts have been written to by Carl Rosa, and his terms will most likely be accepted. Harry Jackson I hear has also been engaged, and will shortly start for New York. It is Madame Parepa's intention to open her opera season at the French Theatre in New York early in September. Miss Rose Hersee will come from England to appear on the opening night."


Violoncello player, cellist

Arrived Sydney, NSW, 29 April 1853 (per Chandernagore from London, 16 December 1852)
Departed Sydney, NSW, 1 October 1877 (per Avoca, for Venice, via Melbourne) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE. ARRIVALS", The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1853), 4 

"LAW INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 September 1853), 5 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 December 1853), 7 

MADAME GAUTROT'S GRAND EVENING CONCERT, at the Royal Hotel, on Wednesday Evening, December 14. Under Distinguished Patronage . . . when she will be assisted by . . . Mr. Natty, the celebrated violoncelliste, recently arrived from the continent, who will make his first appearance . . . PROGRAMME. PART I . . . Solo - violoncello, Mr. Nattey . . .

"GRAND CONCERT IN AID OF THE GOULBURN HOSPITAL", The Goulburn Herald and County of Argyle Advertiser (31 May 1856), 4 

A Grand Concert of vocal and instrumental music, for the benefit of the Goulburn Hospital, was given last Thursday evening, in the grand concert room of the Commercial Hotel, Sloane-street, Goulburn . . . The performances were conducted by five amateurs, viz: - Mrs. Jewell, a songstress of very superior talent, from London; Mr. Isaac Davis, a young violinist, recently arrived in the colony from London, and who, although apparently not above eighteen years of age, displayed a mastership over his beautifully-toned instrument which elicited loud encomiums from the audience. In fact, he was encored upon every occasion. Mr. Holmes, a young gentleman engaged in the management of the Australian store, presided at one pianoforte, and Mr. Bennett at the other, Mr. Holmes taking part in the vocalism, and Mr. Bennett displaying his skill in two solos on the flutina, and was upon both occasions encored. Captain Natthey performed on the violincello, and his solo from the opera "Lucia di Lammermoor," was a most masterly performance, and called forth great tokens of approval. The selections of songs, &c., was highly creditable to the party or parties who made the arrangement, and seemed to suit the feelings and the wishes of all present. Mrs. Jewell was undoubtedly the " diamond" of the evening, and indeed it would be a task of extreme difficulty to single out any particular ballad in which she proved herself super-eminent, having been encored on the conclusion of every one of her songs. The lady's voice is a brilliant and clear soprano, while she displays great ability and tact in varying it from the soprano, through the counter-tenor to the treble. She sung the "Merry Zingara" in a most effective manner. If permitted the liberty of choosing the ballads in which she excelled, we would select "Lo, here the Gentle Lark, "In Fairy Bowers," and "The Genius of Freedom." The great differences of intonation and expression required to sing these songs with effect, are undeniable proofs of Mrs. Jewell's talent. The duet by Mrs. Jewell and Mr. Holmes "When a little farm we keep," created much amusement, and was encored, as also were the beautiful and well rendered duets - "When thy bosom heaves a Sigh," and "I know a Bank." The grand solo on the violin was also loudly applauded. Captain Natthey displayed great proficiency and masterly skill in his performance on the violincello, and was encored. Mr. Holmes was applauded over and over again, and evinced considerable skill as a pianist, and as a vocalist. He possesses an agreeable baritone voice. Mr. Bennett, in his performance on the flutina, also received great applause. So enthusiastic were the audience, and so excellent the performances, that the Concert was not concluded until half-past eleven o'clock, when the audience went away to their several residences, all evidently highly gratified at having passed so agreeable an evening. It is but justice to Mr. Coleman Jacobs, the Pianist, to state that he most kindly proffered his assistance at the Concert, but as the programme had been definitely arranged, his services were declined. We understand that the proceeds of the Concert will amount to between £40 and £50. We shall be able to give the exact amount in our next issue.


Nyungar songman of the Mineng people

Died Katanning, WA, 1910, aged ? c.80


Nebinyan c.1908 (Bates collection, University of Adelaide)

Image: at


University of Adelaide, Adelaide research & scholarship, Daisy Bates image collection, record

[Undated (Bates)]: In the recitative which dealt with Nebinyan's whaling experiences, the whole gamut of native feeling appeared to be expressed: the sorrow of Nebin, as he saw his fire (home) recede further and further away; the stealthy gliding over the water towards the resting whale, the sharp look out, the growing excitement as the huge fish was approached; the great seas that threatened to swamp the whale boat; the swift and sure harpooning; the final surrender of the whale; the triumphant towing back to ship or beach, and the great rejoicing over the whale feast - each of these formed a song in itself, and the actions peculiar to each stage were faithfully rendered. Many portions of the song which had become familiar through frequent recital were chorused by male listeners, who kept a murmuring accompaniment throughout the recital, these choruses encouraging the chief singer and urging him on to fresh efforts by the favour thus shown to his compositions. The words of the song were merely the names applied by the natives to the details connected with whaling, but the actions accompanying the recitative illustrated the whole proceeding. These recitals, which were however not very frequent, often continued until the small hours of the morning, singers and audience being often contentedly droned to sleep by the continuous reiteration.

[Undated (Bates)]: [Image #] 9/64 Daisy Bates and her 90 folders of records Verso: My 90 folios comprising forty years study of every branch of aboriginal culture - social systems, vocabularies etc. etc. The volumes cover practically all Western Australia from Broome to Eucla etc. etc. Maps illustrate areas of remote groups and their areas etc. ...

[Image #] 9/73 Nebinyan, whose people saw Flinders Verso: (Pencil note by Bates: This is not correct as when I wrote down Nebinyan's information I did not know Flinders had been here . . . I thought it was Cook and his ship (Manitchmat white cockatoo stock, clearer type) Flinders careened his ship near Two People Bay and while bartering went on, he made kindly contact with the natives. They brought water and wood to the ship to Flinders and his men. Everyone was kind and gentle towards the natives, who believed they were the spirits of their own dead. Before the ship left, Flinders showed his sense of their good behaviour by parading his marines in full dress before the natives. The natives thought it was a corroboree from the country of their dead and the men, taking their clubs, stood at each end of the marines, imitating every movement. They believed they were being shown a heavenly dance and every native studied every movement and motion. As soon as the ship had gone, in friendship and good feeling, the men rehearsed the dance and ochred their bodies (red coats) and whitened the cross bands and imitated every movement. Nebinyan was about 86 when he died (1909-10) (Nebinyan was not born in Flinders' time) and he remembered the markings and the bayonet movements and showed these to me - a unique occasion. Endnote by DMB in pencil: My pencilled copy of Nebinyan's story which never varied in its details was unfortunately rubbed off this photo before being copied and the above printed by my young typist. I had however shown my original pencilling to Mr Archivist Pitt (Public Library) after I had regained Flinders' own notes from Mr Pitt.

[Image #] 9/73a Portrait of Nebinyan (3 copies and a negative)

[1938 (Bates)]: During the whole of my stay at the Katanning camp, a "spirit" fire (beemb) was lighted every evening at a spot a little distance from the camp. The beemb was lighted to the south-east of the huts, and round it a low semi-circle of bushes was arranged, with the opening also facing the south-east. The beemb was placed there to warm the spirit of Nebinyan, the last remaining Two People Bay native, who had died at the Katanning camp. Nebinyan's shelter was to the northwest of Baiungan's hut, and it was Baiungan who lighted the fire nightly in order to intercept Nebinyan's spirit, which she said might return to his own fire, in which case he must go through her hut, and perhaps injure herself or her children, and so the fire was lighted so that the spirit on its way back would rest and warm itself beside it, and come no farther.

University of Adelaide, Daisy Bates Papers, MSS 572.994 B32t; Series 2: Native testaments of old natives; Series 2. 2.7 Nebinyan; transcribed by Jane Walkley 

Bibliography and resources:

Bates 1938

White 1980

Gibbs 2003

Bracknell 2014a

NEEDHAM, Samuel Pascall Brash (Pascal)

Organist, conductor, composer, writer on music

Born Temerton, Devon, England, 1847
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 30 April 1857 (aged 9, with parents, from London via Melbourne)
Married Katherine Haynes, Norwood, SA, 6 April 1869
Died Moreton, Rosewood, QLD, February 1914, aged 68

NEEDHAM, Edward William Haynes

Amateur choral singer and conductor, music reviewer

Born Bowman, SA, 13 April 1872
Died Rosedew, WA, 26 February 1899


Needham is one of many once prominent colonial musicians who seem simply to disappear from view. Arundel Orchard rightly described him as a bank manager (60) and locally published works by him are catalogued. Was he, however, the same Pascal Needham who published several books and editions in England around 1900? Apparently, yes. We learn that, as a youngster, he was a favourite pupil of George Loder in Adelaide (indeed, one of his many sons was given the name George Loder Needham).

According to a post (2011), family historian Matt Needham suspected his great-grandfather was "a bounder and possible polygamist! He abandoned his wife in WA in the 1880s and returned to England as a music teacher ... One of SPB's elder sons brought him back to Australia in 1910."

In the 1891 UK Census he is recorded as a Professor of Music in Tunbridge Wells and claimed to be married to Frances Needham (born 1864, Paddington). In the 1901 census Pascall, aged 53, born Temerton, Devon, was an assistant schoolmaster at the Royal Masonic School Wood Green, London. SPB and Frances had a son, Pascal, 7yo in 1901 (he died in France in 1916). 


"ST. MATTHEW'S CHURCH KENSINGTON", South Australian Register (29 July 1868), 2

"FUNERAL OF THE LATE MR. G. LODER", South Australian Register (17 July 1868), 2

[News], South Australian Chronicle (14 November 1868), 11

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (3 October 1872), 1

"THE CARANDINIS", South Australian Register (14 October 1872), 5

"BIRTH", South Australian Register (4 February 1875), 4

"PERTH INTERNATIONAL EXHIBITION", The Inquirer (16 November 1881), 1s

Then followed the Cantata, at which there were one hundred voices, to the accompaniment of the Austrian Band. The opening chorus was sung with great effect. in unison, and was faultless. The solo in the Song of the Shepherds was most ably rendered by the Hon. Mr. Onslow, the chorus being ably supported and in good harmony. In the Chorus of the Pearl Divers, Mr. A. G. Rosser sung the solo with great effect, and the whole was loudly applauded. Mrs. C. L. Clifton in her rendering of the Song of the Pearl acquitted herself well; although her voice at first was rather tremulous she gained confidence and produced an effect upon the audience that will never be forgotten. The Chorus of Nations was well sustained, and the Processional March, played by the Austrian Band, was grand. The Prayer was full of pathos, and the Finale brought to a close the most effective music that has ever been heard in the colony. After the singing of the Cantata, Mr. Francis Hart, the writer, Mr. S. Pascal Needham, who set the words to music, and Herr Baunn, the leader of the Austrian Band, were presented to His Excellency, who complimented them on their several merits.

[Advertisement], The Herald (30 September 1882), 2s

"DRAMATIC GOSSIP", South Australian Register (16 August 1884), 7

"ITEMS OF NEWS", The Herald (22 August 1885), 3

"NEWS AND NOTES", The West Australian (16 October 1885), 3

THE following extract from the Adelaide Footlights will be read with interest by the many friends of Mr. Needham, late manager of the Fremantle branch of the Union Bank, and organist of St. John's: An esteemed correspondent sends us the following interesting sketch of the newly appointed conductor of the Melbourne Liedertafel: "Pascal Needham is an Irishman of good family, who has been forced by circumstances into other than the natural environments of a born musician. Until very lately he held a good position in the Union Bank, and after agonising in this inartistic atmosphere for many years, lately resolved to throw aside business trammels and devote himself solely to art. In Australia he was the late George Loder's favourite pupil and friend, Loder having frequently remarked that Needham was his superior in natural musical capacity and profound harmony. It was acknowledged that Needham's Exhibition cantata was best among those produced throughout the various colonies. He had written many strikingly original compositions, but in strict classical form, and amongst other works an opera, "The Fire King" for the production of which arrangements are being made with Carl Rosa. Needham in fact is a master; and Julius Hertz was not slow to recognise this and favoured his candidature for the conductorship mentioned in various reports although, among others, Signor Zelman was anxious to obtain the appointment. Great musicians are seldom celebrated as executants and I fancy Needham in this direction would shine mostly as an organist, an instrument he has played since the age of eight years. But take him as a thorough master of music, as a tone-poet, as a massive harmonist, as an original composer, and I do not believe his superior among English-speaking people exists. He is certainly among the first dozen living musicians of the world."

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (3 November 1885), 9

"THE MUSIC OF ANTIGONE", The Argus (10 November 1885), 7

"A SUGGESTION", The Inquirer (24 October 1886), 2


"THE FREMANTLE TOWN HALL", The Inquirer (24 November 1886), 2

"MR. S. P. NEEDHAM", Western Mail (27 November 1886), 14

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (3 September 1887), 11

[Advertisement], The Telegraph, St. Kilda, Prahran and South Yarra Guardian (24 March 1888), 7

"MEN AND THINGS", The Inquirer (17 October 1890), 5

"DEATH OF MR. E. W. NEEDHAM", The West Australian (27 February 1899), 5

That the son of Samuel Pascal Needham should be a musician was to be expected, and not only on his father's side but on his mother's also did he gain his love for music, one of Mrs. Needham's relatives being Thomas Haynes Bayley, a well-known English song writer. His was a prominent figure in musical circles. The well-known Highgate Musical Society of a few years back, which afterwards changed into the Perth Choral Society, and under both names afforded the people of Perth and Fremantle many a concert of high-class music, owed, apart from the talents of its members, which he carefully developed, the whole of its success to his conductorship. The choir of St. John's, Melbourne-road, owed the high reputation it bore a couple of years ago to his leadership, and other kindred bodies also profited in a similar degree by the lessons they gained under his bâton. As an evidence of the position he held in the city as a conductor it may be mentioned that after Mr. Justice Hensman resigned the conductorship of the Perth Musical Union, the position was offered to Mr. Needham, who, however, declined it. Of his work as musical critic of the WEST AUSTRALIAN, a position he held for some four years, we can only speak in terms of commendation. His intense desire for the most artistic expression of music rendered him, perhaps, somewhat exacting, but his natural kindness caused him to soften what might have seemed the asperities of his criticisms which wore always characterised by a distinct note of originality.

"Social", Queensland Times (21 February 1914), 7

There passed away last Monday morning at Nurse Burt's Nursing Home, Lowood, Mr. J. [sic] Pascal Needham, Mus. Doc., he was well known and highly respected by all, especially the musical world. The deceased gentleman suffered for some time from paralysis, which eventually was the cause of his death. He was 68 years of age, and leaves three sons to mourn their loss, one of whom is the Rev. J. S. Needham, who was recently superintendent of Yarrabah Mission, and formerly rector of the Anglican parish of Rosnewood.

Musical works:

Stars of the summer night (First time, composed by S. Needham) (Adelaide, 1872)

Do not leave me (written and composed by S. Pascal Needham) (Melbourne: Allan & Co., [1885])

Exhibition cantata (The land of the Swan) (words: Francis Hart) (Perth, 1881) [words only survive complete]

Published excerpts:

The Song of the pearl (no copy identified)

Grand processional march (from The land of the Swan cantata composed by S. Pascal Needham) (Melbourne: De Gruchy & Co., [? 1881])

The fire king (opera, ? by 1884)

Magnificat and Nunc dimittis (composed by S. P. Needham) ([1886])

Also 10 items in the British Library catalogue, published in England 1899-1908 (musical works and editions, books about music, edited magazine)

NEEDS, Frank Hillar (Mr. F. H. NEEDS; Frank Hillar NEEDS)

Dancing master (late of Her Majesty's Theatre, London)

Arrived Sydney, NSW, by May 1858
Died Sydney, NSW, 20 September 1884



[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 May 1858), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 January 1860), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 December 1884), 2

"Deaths", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1884), 1

"Funerals", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 September 1884), 12

[Probates], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 November 1884), 7

Related publication:

Le pillet; composed by Edwin H. Cobley; A new fashionable Spanish dance (as performed at the London and Parisian court balls); To F. H. Needs, Esq., and his pupils (Sydney: Charles T. Sandon, [1860]) 

NEILD, James Edward ("Jacques"; "Tahite"; "Cleofas"; "The Grumbler")

Music and opera reviewer, writer, surgeon

Born Doncaster, Yorkshire, England, 6 July 1824
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1853 (per Star of the East)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 17 August 1906 (NLA persistent identifier)



Neild wrote the words for Cesare Cutolo's March and chorus ("Composed in honor of the opening of the first Intercolonial Exhibition held in Melbourne October 1866", and a pamphlet On literature and fine arts in Victoria (1889).


[Advertisement], The Age (16 November 1858), 1 


Paying at all limes the deference which is due to the opinions of such an important organ for the dissemination of truth as the Press, we feel it actually due to ourselves when its aim is perverted, for what we must assume to be the gratification of malignity and personal spite, to make the announcement in reply. The new operas produced by us at the Princess's Theatre have been acknowledged by all musical judges to be the best hitherto attempted in this young colony, and for the appliances obtainable not very far inferior to performances in the metropolitan theatres of England. Our Artistes are practised on the London and Parisian boards, our Musical Conductors have held the positions they now occupy in the Opera Houses in London; in the Orchestra we have musicians among the best obtainable, not only here, but in any part of the world; and yet by Mr. Neild, the reporter, an impression of our inefficiency has been created in the public mind, through the medium of the columns of the Argus and Examiner, which has been of serious injury to our undertaking.

We are all aware that newspaper reports are read and believed, the feelings that occasionally characterise and color them being unknown to the readers; but in this case it behoves us to draw the public attention to a comparison of Mr. Neild's criticisms with those of all the other public journals, not only to prove the utter incapacity of the writer, his ignorance of the simplest musical matters, and all absence of that feeling for one of the most humanizing arts, but to show that they are contrived with the malicious aim and intention of depriving us of our support as well as ruining our professional reputation in this city.

Our position and professional efforts being thus at the mercy of a person, who hides ignorance under the mask of facetiousness, we call upon the public in future to give their own verdict on our merits, and not to place any credence in the statements made by Mr Neild in the columns of the Argus and Examiner.

[signed] L. H. Lavenu; Julia Harland; Maria Carandini; Octavia Hamilton; E. Hancock; L. Laglaise [sic]; Emile Coulon; Adolph Schluter; Walter Sherwin; E. King; H. Megson [sic]; S. Chapman; Julius Siede; J. C. Thompson; H. Schmidt; M. Josephson; J. T. Hore; T. McCoy; Linly Norman; A. L. Llewellyn; Charles Manuell; W. C. Harris; W. Baker; Franz Kohler; George Naughton; Cas [? ?] Faur; Lewis Benham; Henry Benham; Edward Hancock; E. Mathews; M. Collins; Theresa Andrew; Emma Parsons; James Mitchell; J. B. Tate; Henry J. King.

"THE EXHIBITION", The Argus (24 October 1866), 5

"THEATRE ROYAL, INNISFALLEN", The Argus (19 February 1872), 6


"DEATH OF DR. NEILD", The Argus (18 August 1906), 16

Bibliography and resources:

Harold Love, James Edward Neild: Victorian virtuoso (Melbourne: Melbourne University Press, 1989)

Bryan Gandevia, "Neild, James Edward (1824-1906)", Australian dictionary of biography 5 (1974)

NEILD, John Cash

Amateur composer, music reviewer, parliamentarian

Born Bristol, England, 4 January 1846
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 1860 (from NZ, where he had been since 1853)
Died Woollahra, NSW, 8 March 1911, aged 65 (NLA persistent identifier)


Neild published his own new song Our sailor prince (National Song), in honour of the visiting duke of Edinburgh, in November 1867. According to one perhaps not entirely reliable report, he was then one of group of younger Sydney composers, including the former Christy's Minstrel C. W. Rayner, and Rayner's friend pianist Alfred Anderson, whose music was being played and promoted by Giovanni Gassner, master of the band of the 50th Regiment.

Assisting along with Henry Marsh and Charles Horsley at a concert featuring the infant musicians Alice and Laura Molteno in July 1868, Neild sang his own ballad "Star of Hope" with:

excellent taste and discretion ... Mr. Neild's singing was not the least attractive part of the entertainment.

Much later in his career, which was devoted mainly to politics, he also published a book of verse Songs 'neath the Southern Cross (Sydney: Geo. Robertson & Co., 1896).


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 August 1860), 1

"FREE CHURCH OF ENGLAND", Empire (20 July 1865), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 November 1867), 1

"NEW MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 November 1867), 4

"NEW MUSIC", Empire (18 November 1867), 4

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 November 1867), 5

"To the Editor", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1867), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 July 1868), 8

"GRAND CONCERT", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1868), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 October 1868), 8

"CONCERT AND LECTURE", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (12 January 1869), 4

"M. GUILLAUME JONSON'S CONCERT", Bell's Life in Sydney (7 August 1869), 3

"SONGS NEATH THE SOUTHERN CROSS", South Australian Register (29 April 1896), 7

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1911), 8

"COLONEL NEILD DEAD", The Sydney Morning Herald (9 March 1911), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Martha Rutledge, "Neild, John Cash (1846-1911)", Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)


Pianist, teacher of piano (pupil of Charles Packer)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1889


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (11 May 1889), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 May 1889), 16


Bush poet, songwriter

Born Stranraer, Scotland, 1844
Arrived Australia, 1854
Died SA, 1922 (NLA persistent identifier)


The father of John Shaw Neilson, he came to Australia at the age of 9. He worked at shearing, sheep-herding and road-making, married in 1871 and settled at Penola. In 1881 he took up land at Minimay in SW Victoria, but handicapped by lack of capital in 1889 moved to Nhill, where he relied on road-making for a living. Another move in 1895 to Sea Lake in the central Mallee was disastrous and again he had to turn to manual work. Entirely self-educated, he acquired a reputation as a bush poet, contributing verse from the mid 1870s onward to Mt Gambier newspapers and Adelaide Punch, and later the Australasian and other journals.


"WAITING FOR THE RAIN", Border Watch (23 November 1878), 4

"THE SONG OF THE SHEARER", The Capricornian (4 December 1886), 8

"CORRESPONDENCE. THE SONG OF THE SHEARER. TO THE EDITOR", Morning Bulletin (19 January 1887), 6

Sir,- I note in your issue of December, of last year, that a correspondent, Mr. Cecil W. Poole, sends in a few verses entitled "The Song of the Shearer." This song was written by me a few years ago, and appeared first in the Border Watch newspaper, Mount Gambier, South Australia. I have to thank your correspondent for the compliment he pays me in saying that my verses are worth preserving, and I forward a copy of the piece nearly as it first appeared [Waiting for the Rain], and also another song that I wrote entitled "Harvest of the Flock." I should feel much obliged if you could find room for them. - Yours, &c., John Neilson. Booroopki, via Horsham, Victoria, January 6, 1887.

"THE HARVEST OF THE FLOCK", Morning Bulletin (19 January 1887), 6

"WAITING FOR THE RAIN", Morning Bulletin (19 January 1887), 6

"Correspondence", The Capricornian (22 January 1887), 5

"THE HARVEST OF THE FLOCK", The Capricornian (22 January 1887), 5

"WAITING FOR THE RAIN", The Capricornian (22 January 1887), 5

Bibliography and resources:

Hugh Anderson, "Neilson, John (1844-1922)", Australian dictionary of biography 10 (1986)


Waiting for the rain (Air - Little old log cabin in the lane)

Harvest of the flock (Air - Babies on the block)


Organist ("accordion" player)

Active Adelaide, SA, 1847


"TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETY", South Australian (12 February 1847), 5

? "CHARLESTON", South Australian Register (27 April 1861), 2

NELSON, Andrew St. Clare

Music teacher, bandmaster (Grafton Amateur Band), schoolmaster, composer

Active, by 1867
Died Grafton, NSW, 2 September 1904, aged 64

NELSON, C. E. (?)

Bandmaster (Grafton), composer

Active Grafton, NSW, by 1875 (? likely related to the above)


Andrew Nelson was founder bandmaster of the Grafton Amateur Band. His own Grafton waltz and Neapolitan mazurka appeared on the first program given by the newly formed band in November 1867. His Galatea polka mazurka was on the second program in December, marking the Australian visit of prince Alfred and his ship Galatea, along with another Galatea dedication, John Dettmer Dodds Jackson's Brave boys brave.

His descendent Edwin Wilson kindly informs me (January 20017) that Andrew Nelson had been a naval cadet in the UK at the same time as the prince Alfred; as captain of HMS Galatea, the prince was visiting Australia in 1868.

Andrew's son, Frank Nelson (d. 1922), was well-known by his professional pseudonymn, as Oliver Bainbridge, journalist, writer, and traveller.


"MARRIAGES", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (7 February 1865), 2

"GRAFTON AMATEUR BAND", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (19 November 1867), 3

GRAFTON AMATEUR BAND. - The first public performance of the Grafton Amateur band took place on Thursday last, on the Cricket Ground, in Prince-street. The attendance was good, and the way in which the band acquitted themselves, highly creditable. The pieces played were: - Quick March; Selection "La Traviata," Verdi; Grafton Valse, A. C. Nelson; Little Bo-Peep Quadrilles, C, D'Albert; Neapolitan Mazurka, A. C. Nelson; French Polka, C. D'Albert; Dixey's Land Galop, C. Coote, jun.

"GRAFTON AMATEUR BAND", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (10 December 1867), 3

GRAFTON AMATEUR BAND. The above corps gave their usual monthly entertainment on the Cricket Ground, on Thursday las, in the presence of a large gathering, principally ladies. The performance was excellent, and speaks well for the efficiency of the corps. The pieces played were: - 1. Quick March, Gentle Annie; 2. Selection, Christy Minstrel's Song; 3. Valse, Rosalinda, L. D'Albert; 4. Quadrille, Constantinople; 5. Polka Mazurka Galatea, A. L. Nelson; 6. Galop "Brave Boys Brave", J. D. Jackson; 7. God save the Queen.

"THE DINNER", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (31 March 1868), 2

"VISIT OF HIS EXCELLENCY", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (31 July 1869), 2

[Advertisement], Clarence and Richmond Examiner and New England Advertiser (14 September 1875), 1 

Music. Music. Music. C. E. NELSON (LATE BANDMASTER OF ASHTONS' CIRCUS), HAVING taken up his residence in Grafton, will be happy to RECEIVE PUPILS for instruction in VOCAL or INSTRUMENTAI, MUSIC. Mr. NELSON will wait upon pupils at their residences.

"DEATH OF MR. A. ST. C. NELSON", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (3 September 1904), 5

We regret to chronicle the death of Mr. A. St. C. Nelson, of South Grafton which took place suddenly yesterday. He was found dead in his room, sitting in his chair having evidently passed away very quietly. Death was due to heart-failure. Mr. Nelson was for many years teacher of the South Grafton Public School. About 40 years ago he resided at North Grafton, but shortly after entering the Public Instruction Department, and we believe was the first State school teacher on the south side. He taught in an old building near where the Anglican Church now stands. After a few years he was appointed to Copmanhurst, but after a time returned to South Grafton, where he conducted the school till he retired on his pension a few years ago. He was well known to all the residents of South Grafton, many of whom, as well as their families, received tuition from him. He was very popular with both parents and children. He had musical ability, and in earlier years was a teacher of music, and frequently figured as an instrumentalist in local bands and orchestras. His entertainments in connection with the school will not be readily forgotten by pupils and public. He lived to see many changes in South Grafton, to which place he was much attached, and when he retired from active service he decided to end his days in the town where he had made many friends. He leaves a widow, three sons, and four daughters. Deceased was 64 years of age. The funeral takes place this afternoon and the City Band will play the "Dead March" at the grave.

"DEATH", Clarence and Richmond Examiner (10 September 1904), 1 

NELSON, Christopher

Travelling musician

Active McIvor, VIC, and Melbourne, 1867


"MATRIMONIAL", The Argus (13 July 1867), 7

"MELBOURNE", Bendigo Advertiser (13 July 1867), 2

NELSON FAMILY (family of Sidney Nelson)

NELSON, Sidney (S. NELSON; Sidney NELSON; Sydney NELSON)

Composer, songwriter, pianist, actor, music publisher (pupil of Isaac Nathan and Domenico Corri)

Born London, England, 1 January 1800
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, October 1852
Departed Melbourne, VIC, 18 February 1861 (per Marco Polo, for England)
Died London, England, 7 April 1862 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier)

NELSON, Sarah (Mrs. Sidney NELSON)

Born Southwark, London, England, c. 1809
Died Hyde Park, London, August 1880, aged 71

NELSON, Eliza = Mrs. H. T. CRAVEN

Actor, vocalist

Born Bloomsbury, London, England, c. 1827
Married Henry Thornton CRAVEN (1815-1905), Edinburgh, Scotland, 17 May 1852 (while engaged at the Theatre Royal, Edinburgh)
Died Eastbourne, England, 21 March 1908, aged 81 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NELSON, Alfred

Vocalist, actor, professor of elocution

Born ? UK, c.1830
Died London, England, 5 March 1894, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NELSON, Marie (Maria; Miss Marie NELSON; ? Mrs. Alexander HENDERSON)


Born Lambeth, London, England, c. 1836
? Married Alexander HENDERSON, c. 1855-56 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NELSON, Carry (Caroline; Miss Carry NELSON; Carrie NELSON; Mrs. James Frederick McFADYEN)


Born Lambeth, London, England, 1836
Married James Frederick McFADYEN, ?
Died London, England, December 1916, aged 79/80 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NELSON, Sara (Sarah; Sara Minnie)


Born Lambeth, London, England, 1839 (Sarah)
Died Tunbridge Wells, England, 15 February 1913 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

NELSON, Robert (Master Bobby NELSON)

Vocalist (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], Kentish gazette [Canterbury] (9 August 1811), 4

NEW ASSEMBLY ROOM, AT THE FOUNTAIN INN, MARGATE. IN honour of the Prince Regent's Birth-day, Monday, the 12th of August, 1811, will given a GRAND CONCERT AND BALL, and to be continued every Monday evening during the season. VOCAL PERFORMERS, MASTER NELSON and the rest of Mr. Nathan's Pupils . . .

[News], The morning chronicle [London] (21 September 1812), 2

On Saturday night, Master Nelson, who we understand to be a pupil of Mr. Nathan, was introduced to the public at the Lyceum Theatre. He sang Mr. Braham's celebrated Death of Abercrombie, between the Opera and the After-piece. Although he is only between twelve and thirteen years of age, his voice is a counter tenor. His action and expression were good, the cadences were well executed, and he displayed great taste, promising, as far as we can form a judgment by this first experiment, to be a considerable acquisition to the stage.


On Thursday, the 6th of May last, the Governors and Friends of this Institution held their Anniversary Dinner, at the City of London Tavern . . . Messrs. INCLEDON, TAYLOR, PYNE, BAYLIS, SMITH, And Master NELSON, contributed, by their vocal exertions, to the entertainment of the company, who consisted of near 300 persons, and departed at a late hour, highly gratified by a scene which reflects the highest honour on Christian and Jewish benevolence.

{Advertisement], The morning post (20 April 1816), 2

NEW MUSIC . . . "O Ella dear, those eyes of light!" the admired Song as sung at the Nobilities' Concerts, the maiden production of Master S. Nelson, Pupil of D. Corri, 1s. 6d. . . . Published at Williams's Music Warehouse, No. 29, Tavistock-street, Covent-garden . . .

[Advertisement], The Kentish gazette (29 November 1816), 4

On TUESDAY, December 3d, 1816, there will be
THE CONCERT will, in part, consist of the HEBREW MELODIES, composed by Messrs. BRAHAM and NATHAN,
the Poetry by the Right Honourable LORD BYRON.
Principal Vocal Performers, Miss NELSON (Pupil of Mr. Nathan), Miss COPELAND.
After the CONCERT A BALL. Admission 4s. each.
The Rooms to opened at seven o'clock, and Concert begin precisely at eight.

1841 Engand census, Middlesex, St. George's Hanover Square, Hanover Square, District 4, 27

Conduit Street / Sidney Nelson / 40 / Music publisher / [where born] GB
Sarah [Nelson / 30 / GB
Eliza [Nelson] / 14

"CERTIFICATES", The Jurist (31 July 1847), 304

Sidney Nelson, New Bond-street, Middlesex, music seller

1851 Engand census, Middlesex, Middlesex St. Pancras, Tottenham Court 16, 822

65 Tottenham Court Road / 3 Crescent Place / Sidney Nelson / Head / 50 / Composer of Music / [born] City Aldgate
Sarah [Nelson] / Wife / 42 / Surry [sic] Southwell
Eliza [Nelson] / Daughter / 22 / Mddsx Bloomsbury
Maria [Nelson] / Daughter / 15 / Surry Lambeth
Caroline [Nelson] / Daughter / 13 / [Surry Lambeth]
Sarah [Nelson] / Daughter / 10 / [Surry Lambeth]
Alexander [Nelson] / Son / 6 / Mddsx St George's HS
Isaac [Nelson] / Son / 6 / Mddsx St George's HS
Lucy Haines / Servant / 40 / General Servant / Surry Southwell
Jane Samuel / Visitor / 22 / Dressmaker / Mddsx ? Hill

"DRURY LANE", The Musical World 29 (1 February 1851), 71 

"MUSICAL", The Argus (6 October 1852), 4 

Mr. S. Nelson, the composer of the "Rose of Allandale," "The Pilot," "The Flag that braved a thousand years," and other popular and favorite ballads, has just arrived in this Colony. It is Mr. Nelson's intention to give a concert shortly and also to commence a course of instruction in music and singing.

[Advertisement], The Argus (30 October 1852), 8 

THE NELSON FAMILY. MR. S. NELSON, the popular composer of "The Rose of Allandale," "The Pilot," "The Flag that Braved a Thousand Years," "Madoline," several Musical Operettas, &c., &c., has the honor to announce that he will give his First Musical Entertainment, at the Protestant Hall, on Monday next, November 1st assisted by Miss Nelson, Miss Carry Nelson, and Mr Alfred Nelson. Doors open at half-past seven; to commence at eight o'clock precisely. Tickets, 5s each; to be had of Mr. Wilkie, Music Saloon, Collins-street, Mr. Jacobs, Victoria Bazaar, Collins-street, and of Mr E. Arnold, bookseller, 56, √člizabeth-street, Melbourne. For particulars see programmes, and Monday's advertisement

"MUSICAL", The Argus (30 October 1852), 5 

It is one of the most encouraging features of these stirring times that amongst the crowds of newcomers seeking our shores a very considerable amount of talent of every sort is daily arriving amongst us. As one instance of this, we lately alluded to the arrival of Mr. Nelson the composer of many popular pieces. It is the intention of Mr. Nelson to give a concert on Monday evening at the Protestant Hall; at which nearly the whole entertainment will consist of music of his own composition, and the entire performance will be conducted by himself and members of his own family.

[News], The Argus (20 March 1860), 5 

How many have attempted, and how few succeeded, in the production of a national hymn? How numerous have been the efforts to improve the national song of Britain, and with what unanimity have they all been rejected? The high and holy inspiration, the fire of genius by which the national song of a people is created, has been given to but few since song itself began. While the passion which creates song is all but universal, and patriotism is a passion in every poet's heart, the fact that so few of our poets have succeeded in producing national songs or hymns which the great heart of the people could recognise and cling to, may be taken as the best of all proofs of how peculiarly difficult it has been found to write a true song of the people - a national hymn. If, therefore, the author of the Hymn for Victoria, which lies before us, has at all approached success in the effort he has made to write a national song for this colony, he must be pronounced to have done well. Mr. W. W. Wardell has modestly inscribed this song to the people of Victoria, as "an attempt at a national hymn," and as such we pronounce it to be creditable, and a work of which he needs not to be ashamed. It is spirited and simple, as all songs must be to touch the hearts of men. We take exception to one line only - the 8th of the 1st verse - as it contains a hackneyed idea, unworthy of a place in a patriot's song. That that removed, the song will possess good claims on public attention. The music is by a well known and successful composer, now resident amongst us - Mr. S. Nelson - whose taste in lyrical music is pure and thoroughly English. In this instance he has been very successful.

[News], The Argus (7 June 1860), 5 

The performance by the Melbourne Garrick Club in aid of the Shakspeare Memorial Fund took place last night, at the Princess's Theatre, in the presence of a crowded audience . . . The overture followed, and the curtain rose, without a moment's delay, upon Shakspeare['s] "Merchant of Venice" . . . Lorenzo was sustained by Mr. W. H. Williams, who in the course of the piece introduced a new serenade to Jessica, written expressly for the occasion, by Mr. S. Nelson. The song is written in the veteran composer's best style, the melody is flowing and sweet, and the accompaniment effective. By most persons familiar with Mr. Nelson's ballads the new serenade will probably be considered superior to "Madoline," notwithstanding the popularity of the latter. Mr. Williams by no means did it justice, and the band completely spoilt the accompaniment, by playing it far too loudly . . .

[Advertisement], The Argus (9 June 1860), 7 

NEW SONG, SHAKSPEAREAN SERENADE, by S. Nelson, superior to Madoline; with a beautiful title and portrait of Shakspeare. Profits to Shakspeare Fund. All music sellers.

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC. THEATRE ROYAL", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (15 December 1860), 2 

. . . On Wednesday, "Still Waters Run Deep" was tho attraction; and, on Thursday, Mr. S. Nelson took a farewell benefit previous to his departure for Europe. This gcntlcmim has been connected with music, and the Drama for half a century, and is the composer of many pieces of music that have taken a firm hold of the popular ear. He has been resident of Melbourne for the last six years, and is now about to leave for Europe. We were glad to see that the house was crowded, though we could not help mentally contrasting the manner in which the public showed their appreciation of Mr. Nelson, and the way they answered the appeal, made some time since, in behalf of Mr. Whitehead. Still, we do not grudge Mr. Nelson his success . . .

[News], The Argus (19 February 1861), 4 

Yesterday a few of the friends of Mr. S. Nelson, the well-known composer, met him at the rooms of Mr. Wilkie, mnsic-soller, Collins street, prior to his embarkation for England, and presented him with a purse of 50 sovereigns, as a small parting token of the esteem which he had won during a long residence in Melbourne. Mr. Nelson sailed a few hours afterwards by the ship Marco Polo.

"OBITUARY", The Gentleman's Magazine (May 1862), 656

In Russell-pl., Fitzroy-sq , of apoplexy, aged 62, Mr. Sidney Nelson, musical composer.

1861 (2 Nov report from NY in ERA 24 Nov) Sara and Carrie Nelson, Mr A Nelson and Maria Henderson are at the Theatre Royal Montreal.

[News], The Argus (13 June 1862), 5 

We regret to leam, by letters from England brought by the last mail, that the hand of death has fallen suddenly on one who was long resident amongst us, and well kuown, and who only left Melbourne at a recent period to spend the evening of his days in his native land - we allude to Mr. Nelson, the well known composer. After a very protracted voyage - the ship, the Marco Polo, in which he had embarked, having met with a misfortune at sea - Mr. Nelson landed in Liverpool in May last year. Taking his old familiar place in musical circles amongst his early friends, his name was again becoming known to the public of England as a conductor of popular concerts of the Jullien character, and as composer. In March last, he signed an engagement for the appearance of the Misses Nelson (now in America) at the Lyceum Theatre, and immediately afterwards, just as he was leaving the theatre, he was suddenly struck down by apoplexy, and died instantly.

"APRIL", The era almanac (1868), 4 

[April 7] "Sidney Nelson, the musical composer, died 1862, aged 62.

"OLDEST ACTRESS DEAD", The Ballarat Star (2 May 1908), 7 

{News], The Era [London, England] (20 December 1916), 8

The death is announced of Miss Carry Nelson (Mrs. MacFadyn), the once-popular actress, who has died in London at the age of seventy-nine years. The daughter of Sydney Nelson, composer of "Mary of Argyle," etc., she began her stage career a child of eight by singing a song in Drury Lane pantomime, and by a curious coincidence her final visit the theatre was to see the Drury Lane pantomime last year. In 1851 she went abroad, touring through Australia, America, and Canada for ten years with great success. On her return to England she acted the St. James's.

Bibliography and resources:

James C. Dibden, Annals of the Edinburgh stage (Edinburgh: Richard Cameron, 1888), 431-33 

James Cuthbert Hadden, "Nelson, Sydney" [sic], Dictionary of national biography 40 (1885-1900), 212-23,_Sydney_(DNB00) 

NELSON, SYDNEY (1800-1862), composer, son of Solomon Nelson, was born in London on 1 Jan. 1800. Evincing musical ability when quite young, he was adopted by a gentleman who gave him a good musical and general education. He was for some time a pupil of Sir George Smart, and eventually became a teacher in London. He was in partnership with Jeffreys as a music-seller until 1843, when he was elected an associate of the Philharmonic Society. Subsequently he became a music publisher, but, being unsuccessful, he arranged a musical and dramatic entertainment with members of his family, and went on tour in North America, Canada, and Australia. He died in London on 7 April 1862, and was buried at West Ham. He was a prolific composer, and claimed to have written about eight hundred pieces, some of which were published under an assumed name. He composed a burletta, "The Grenadier," produced by Madame Vestris [q. v.] at the Olympic; "The Cadi's Daughter," performed after "Macbeth" for Macready's farewell benefit; and "The Village Nightingale," words by H. T. Craven, his son-in-law. He had a grand opera, "Ulrica," in rehearsal at the Princess's under Maddox's management, but, owing to some dispute, it was not produced. He was the author of "Instructions in the Art of Singing" (London, n.d.), and composed many duets, trios, pianoforte pieces, and songs, some of the latter, such as "The Pilot" and "The Rose of Allandale," having attained considerable popularity. [Information from his son, Alfred Nelson, esq.; Baptie's Musical Scotland, p. 207.]

James Duff Brown and Stephen S. Stratton, British musical biography (Birmingham: S. S. Stratton, 1897), 295; 

Neidorf 1999, passim (DIGITISED)

Skinner 2011, 324-27 (DIGITISED)

Kurt Ganzl, "Sid, the songsmith to the stars", posted 12 July 2018 

My thanks:

To Kurt Ganzl (2018) for kindly sharing his research findings on the Nelson family.


Percussion, stone duclimer, rock harmonicon player

Arrived Melbourne, VIC, by January 1855 


[Advertisement], The Argus (9 January 1855), 6 

GREAT MUSICAL NOVELTIES. MR. C. NELSON, the celebrated performer upon the Rock Harmonicon, Musical Pine Sticks, and the improved Chromatic Dulcimer, has just arrived from England, where he had the honor of performing before the principal nobility and at several London and Provincial Theatres. Managers of Concert Rooms, Theatres, &c., may treat with Mr. Nelson, for engagements by addressing to C. Nelson, Stone House, 2, Atherton-street, Collingwood, Melbourne.

NEMO (pseud.; pen-name)

Poet, songwriter, columnist

Active Brisbane, Moreton Bay, NSW (QLD), c.1844-55


"THE SONG OF THE TRANSPORTATIONIST", The Moreton Bay Courier (15 December 1849), 2

Bibliography and resources:

"Nemo", AustLit 

NER-RIM-BIN-UK (Nurmbinuck, Young Winberri)


Active VIC, c.1840

See NINGULABUL, Sons of old

NESBITT, Alfred Mortimer

Composer, orchestral trainer, music teacher and examiner, mathematician, music reviewer (The Age), schoolmaster, cricketer

Born England, 27 December 1854
Arrived Adelaide, by January 1884 (from London en route to Queensland)
Died East Malvern, VIC, 3 July 1926, aged 71 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Alfred Mortimer Nesbitt, 1888


In London in 1882, Nesbitt (formerly a scholar of Corpus Christi College, Oxford) was selected as headmaster of Toowoomba Grammar School in Queensland, arriving there early in 1884 (via Adelaide, where he evidently had relatives, see notice of his marriage in London in the Adelaide press in 1880). His Jubilee Ode (1887) won a prize offered by the Brisbane Musical Union. After moving to Victoria in 1888 to take up a lectureship at Trinity College, Melbourne, his Minuet in D was one of the few works by local composers to be performed by the Centennial Exhibition Orchestra. By 1903, he was music reviewer for The Age.


"MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (4 October 1880), 2s

"Shipping News", South Australian Weekly Chronicle (26 January 1884), 3

"Toowoomba Cricket", Queensland Figaro (6 December 1884), 15

[Advertisement], The Queenslander (17 January 1885), 102

[News], The Brisbane Courier (10 May 1887), 4

[News], The Brisbane Courier (11 May 1887), 4

"JUBILEE ODE COMPETITION", The Brisbane Courier (12 May 1887), 5


"Prize Jubilee Ode", The Queenslander (14 May 1887), 779

The judges in the Jubilee Ode Competition for a prize of 50 guineas offered by the Brisbane Musical Union, concluded their labours on Monday night. Up to the last day for receiving competitions (30th April), four had been sent in. Subsequently two others were received, but although these were handed to the judges their merit was such as not to affect the result. The judges, who were Dr. W. S. Byrne, Mus. Bac., Hon. W. Horatio Wilson, M.L.C., Messrs. R. T. Jefferies, W. Graham Willmore, and Samuel Kaye, held several meetings in addition to making special personal examination of each work. The final meeting was held last Monday night, and shortly after 10 o'clock the report of the judges was placed in the hands of the committee. They awarded the prize to the composition bearing the motto, "Coelum non animum," &c, as they were unanimously of opinion that it was the best submitted to them. At the same time, they wished to commend the ode marked "Regis ad exemplar" as a work of great merit. The sealed envelopes having been opened, it was found that the winner of the first prize was Mr. A. M. Nesbitt, head master of the Grammar School, Toowoomba. The second in point of merit was found to be Dr. Alan Walters, conductor of the union. The six compositions sent in were from the following places - Two from Brisbane, one from Toowoomba, one from Mackay, one from Sandhurst, and one from Melbourne. The words of the prize jubilee ode for which Mr. A. M. Nesbitt composed the music, were written by Mrs. Barlow, of Toowoomba . . .

"NEW MUSIC", The Brisbane Courier (22 May 1888), 6

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (25 July 1888), 12

[News], Evening News (5 October 1888), 3

"An Accomplished Musician", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 October 1888), 27 [with photograph]

A. M. Nesbitt, the youngest son of P. R. Nesbitt, M.D. (formerly a great lunacy specialist), was educated in Brace Castle School, Tottenham, London, under Mr. Arthur Hill (a brother of Sir Howland Hill, of penny postage fame), and later under Dr. G. Birkbeck Hill. He had a distinguished academical career in the University of Oxford, obtaining an open scholarship in mathematics at his college, a first-class in mathematical moderations in 1874, and a first-class in the Final Honors School of Mathematics in the year 1876. Mr. Nesbitt was also proxime accessit for the Junior University Mathematical Scholarship, and received a special grant from the University chest as a honorarium for ability, as shown in the nomination for that scholarship. In 1877 he was appointed mathematical master of the Manchester Grammar School, in which there are upward of 900 boys. In 1882 Mr. Nesbitt was selected by the Agent-General for Queensland, with the advice of the Dean of Westminster, to fill the position of head master of the Grammar School, Toowoomba, Queensland, which post he recently resigned to accept the appointment of assistant lecturer on mathematics and natural philosophy in Trinity College, Melbourne.

During his residence in Queensland, Mr. Nesbitt gained the prize offered for a musical work in celebration of her Majesty's jubilee year. The ode is an excellent piece of work, and is written for solo voices, chorus, and full orchestra; and Mr. Nesbitt showed throughout that he is a thoroughly educated and competent musician. The melody in the prayer in seven parts, and a soprano solo in G major, are very beautiful, as is the orchestral introduction. The air in D, "Then let our loyalty," bears some resemblance to some of Handel's compositions. The ode is a credit to the composer, as well as to the musical judgment of Queensland. It was published with a beautifully illustrated wrapper by Messrs. Paling and Company, limited, Sydney. Mr. Nesbitt is also the author of some songs written in a happy melodic vein, with technical accuracy. Of these the "Dawn of Ambition" deserves special notice.


. . . A minuet in D, by A. M. Nesbitt, was the one novelty in this programme. It is fresh enough even to have satisfied Haydn, who longed for the man who would write a new minuet. In regulation time of 3-4 this pretty work presents a rhythmic and cheerful, and at the same time elegant, tune of distinct character, and well instrumented for orchestra; and this was followed by a trio movement, distinct, but still in keeping, and throughout the whole the harmonies are sweet and the progressions are genial and acceptable, and altogether the little work is good introduction of its author to the Melbourne public, because Mr. A. M. Nesbitt, M.A., is resident here and has done greater work than this minuet. More about him is to be heard in future. This first presentment here was well received, as it deserved to be . . .

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (10 July 1890), 7

We have received a new song entitled "Bonnie Wee Thing," words by Robert Burns, music by A. M. Nesbitt, M.A., and published by Wickins and Co., New Bond street, London . . .

"THE EXHIBITION CONCERTS", The Argus (23 May 1892), 7


The Promenade Concerts at the Exhibition building have become so popular that even on Saturday evening, with unfavourable weather, the large concert-hall was well filled. The management on this occasion departed from the practice of presenting a miscellaneous two-part programme of popular songs by substituting for the second part Mr. A. M. Nesbitt's "Jubilee Ode," which was performed by the Ormond Choral Society, with Miss Lalla Miranda, Miss Ada Crossley, Mr. H. Stockwell, and Mr. A. H. Gee as soloists. It is doubtful whether the introduction of such music at promenade concerts will tend to increase their popularity, but there is no doubt that Mr. Nesbitt's role would have been much better received, as it deserved to be, had it been performed in the first part of the concert. As it was a large proportion of the audience walked out in the middle of the performance. The work as rendered on Saturday night consists of a chorus, "Hark, what sounds;" a duet for contralto and tenor, "O queen of English hearts;" recitative and air for baritone, "Then let our loyalty;" chorus, "Where the northern iceberg glitters;" soprano solo and chorus, "Look down, O Lord;" and concluding chorus, "Vivat Regina." The composer who was awarded the prize of 50 guineas by the Brisbane Musical Union for the best original jubilee ode, has evidently striven to write music that would properly express and convey the sentiments contained in the ode, and his efforts in this direction have been remarkably successful. It is undoubtedly the production of a sound musician, and some of the choruses, especially "Lookdown, O Lord" and " Vivat Regina," are very effective. The work was fairly well rendered under the baton of Mr. W. J. Turner, and the instrumental accompaniment was provided by Mr. A. J. Ellerker at a cabinet organ and Mr. E. R. G. W. Andrews at the pianoforte. The first part of the concert was very much enjoyed, the vocalists being Miss Lalla Miranda, Miss Isabel Webster, Miss Ada Crossley, Mr. H. Stockwell, Mr. James Wood, Signor Buzzi, Mr. A. H. Gee, and Signor de Alba, all of whom acquitted themselves well. Mr. Turner played the organ solo, Bach's fugue "St. Ann's," in a praiseworthy manner, and the military band, as usual, played several selections under the dome.

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 March 1897), 16

HOWARD CONSERVATOIRE of MUSIC. Director, Madame Houyet Howard. Mr. A. M. Nesbitt, M. A., will take charge of the Orchestral class. Mr. Nesbitt has had long experience both as musician and teacher. FIRST MEETING of the ORCHESTRA SATURDAY, MARCH 6, 3 p.m. All instrumental students are requested to attend.

[Advertisement], The Argus (5 August 1903), 9

"THEATRICAL CASE", The Colac Herald (2 December 1903), 2

"MAINLY ABOUT PEOPLE", The Daily News (30 July 1909), 4

"DEATHS", The Argus (5 July 1926), 1

"PERSONAL, The Argus (5 July 1926), 18

The death occurred at his residence, 53 Finch street, on Saturday of Mr. Alfred Mortimer Nesbitt, M.A. (Oxon.). Mr. Nesbitt came out from England in 1882 to take charge of the Toowoomba Grammar School Queensland. Subsequently he was appointed lecturer and examiner in mathematics at the Melbourne University, which position he held until a short time before his death. For some years previously he acted as musical critic of the "Age."

"ABOUT PEOPLE", The Age (5 July 1926), 12 


Dreyfus 1985, The farthest north of humanness: letters of Percy Grainger, 1901-14, 234

. . . Went to lunch with Nesbitt and later with fidget to a convent to play to the nuns ...


Prize Jubilee ode (vocal parts; words: Mrs. Barlow, Toowoomba) (Brisbane: Lithographed by Muir and Morcom for the Brisbane Musical Union, 1887)

Nesbitt, Jubilee Ode (Paling 1888)

Ode in commemoration of the jubilee of Her Majesty Queen Victoria (complete vocal score) (Sydney: W. H. Paling & Co., [1888])


The following annotated transcript from the Broadwood Archives (Surrey History Centre) was kindly sent to me by Robert Simonson (November 2015):

Tuesday 23 February 1892 (ref. 2185/JB/42/154b) A. M. Nesbitt esq, Little Clive, South Yarra, Melbourne
A no. 11 Upt Grand PF Rosewood a to a no. 82600, £75, tuning hammer, zinc and deal cases marked NNN Melbourne, delivered at SWI [South West India] Docks to ship per Gulf of Mexico. Shipping expenses and freight £2-0-6. Insurance 18/6. We to receive no. 7 RW from ditto to credit, one instrument in lieu of the other. We to pay freight and insurance of the no. 11, no charge. B/L [bill of lading] to order of Mr Nesbitt to be sent to him. Wales [name of the porter, who would have delivered piano to docks in London].

NESBITT, Francis (Francis Nesbitt McCRON; McCRONE)

Actor, occasional vocalist

Born Manchester, England, 1807 (? c. 1808)
Married Annie MILLS, Dublin, Ireland, c.1840/41
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 7 January 1842 (per Marchioness of Bute, from Liverpool, 12 September 1841)
Died Geelong, VIC, 28 March 1853, "aged 45" (TROVE tagged) (TROVE tagged)


Though mostly a non-singing actor, Nesbitt was occasionally billed to sing, notably with Thomas Cramp and the Gautrots in Tasmania in 1845


"THEATRICALS", Sydney Free Press (26 February 1842), 2 

A new aspirant for histrionic fame is about to be added to the corps dramatique of the Victoria, in the person of a Mr. Nesbitt, who has had, we understand, considerable experience in sonie of the provincial Theatres of England. We believe he is to make his first bow to a Sydney audience on Thursday next, when he will sustain a leading character in the admired tragedy of Pizarro . . .

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (15 February 1845), 3 

MR. CRAMP, Professor of Music, and Organist of St. George's Church, Hobart Town, begs leave to inform the inhabitants of Campbell Town and its vicinity, that he intends giving a
Concert and Ball, on THURSDAY, Feb. 27th, 1845, after the London style, and has engaged the services of
Mons. & Madame GAUTROT, AND Mr. NESBITT, (the celebrated Tragedian, from Sydney,) who will give some of his admired readings.
Programme - Part I.
1. AIR with variations, Violin, and Pianoforte Accompaniement - Mons. GAUTROT and Mr. CRAMP.
2. RECITATION - "Battle of Minden" - Mr. NESBITT.
3. SONG - "La Bion d'ina Gondolet" [La Blondina in gondoletta] (with the celebrated variations, as sung by Mad. Calalani, and Pianoforte Accompaniment) - Madame GAUTROT.
4. GLEE - "Blow, gentle Gales" (from the Opera of the Slave - Bishop) - Madame GAUTROT, Mr. NESBlT, & Mr. CRAMP.
5. RECITATION - "Rolla's Address to the Peruvian Army" - Mr. NESBITT.
6. DUET, Comic - Mons. & Mad. GAUTROT.
Part II.
1. AIR, with variations - Violin, on one string, a la Paganini - Gautrot - M. GAUTROT.
2. SONG - "Soft be thy Slumbers" - Nelson - Mr. CRAMP.
3. GLEE, Comic - Cherubini - Mad. GAUTROT, M. GAUTROT, & Mr. CRAMP.
4. RECITATION - "Othello's Apology before the Senate" - Mr. NESBITT.
5. SONG - "My Lodging" - Drouett - Mad. GAUTROT.
6. GLEE - "See our Oars with feather'd Spray" - Mad. GAUTROT, Mr. NESBITT, and Mr. CRAMP.
7. SOLO - Violin - Mons. GAUTROT.
8. "Rule Britannia" - Mad. GAUTROT, with full chorus.
The Concert will commence at two o'clock. Tickets 5s. each, to be had of Mr. Sutton, and at the Hotels, Campbell Town.

"DIED", The Argus (2 April 1853), 4 

On Monday last, at Geelong, after severe illness, Mr. Francis Nesbitt McCron, aged 45 years, the oldest tragedian of celebrity in the Australian colonies, leaving at Sydney a wife and young family to deplore his loss.

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (25 June 1853), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Janette Pelosi, "'A theatrical meteor', Francis Nesbitt McCron (c.1808-1853) and his travels from the old world to the Australian colonies and the San Francisco goldfields", Popular entertainment studies 6/1 (2015), 5-25 (DIGITISED)

NETTELBECK, Hermann Heinrich Samuel

German-flute player (Tanunda School Band), amateur vocalist (Adelaide Liedertafel)

Born ? Germany, 1839
Arrived SA, c.1849
Active Tanunda, SA, by 1853
Died Adelaide, SA, 26 May 1918 (IMAGE)




"TANUNDA SCHOOL EXAMINATION", South Australian Register (29 March 1853), 2

Some good pieces of music also were performed by a band of youthful musicians, under the direction of Mr. Traeger [Draeger]. Amongst the performances, we noticed as very creditable those of Franz Beyer and Hugo Muecke, on the violin; of Hermann Nettelbeck on the German flute; and of Richard Sobels on the bassoon. The oldest of these performers does not exceed their teen years of age.

[Advertisement], Süd Australische Zeitung (1 May 1863), 6 

Hermann Heinrich Samuel Nettelbeck, und Anna Wilhelmine Marie Nettelbeck, Hundert Nuriootpa, Theil von Section 42, 31. Mai.

[Advertisement], Süd Australische Zeitung (25 December 1867), 6 

"THE FORREST DEMONSTRATION", Evening Journal (4 November 1874), 2 

"SILVER MARRIAGES", South Australian Register (4 March 1875), 5 

[Advertisement], Evening Journal (22 December 1880), 1 

"CONCERT AND BALL, South Australian Register (23 December 1880), 4 

The Adelaide Liedertafel celebrated their anniversary on Wednesday evening, December 22, and gave a grand concert in the Albert Hall, Pirie-street, followed by a supper and ball . . . In addition to the occasion being the anniversary of the Liedertafel, it was in honour of the birthday of a musical composer the Liedertafel delight to honour, viz., the celebrated Franz Abt, who is their patron. The programme was very appropriately made up solely of compositions by Franz Abt himself . . . Messrs. Mumme, Nettelbeck, Otto, a nd Christen sang "Roth Roeslein," a beautiful quartette expressly composed for the Liedertafel by Franz Abt . . .

"EDITHBURGH", The Advertiser (23 January 1903), 6 

"DEATHS", The Advertiser (27 May 1918), 6 

NETTELBECK.-On the 26th May, at Private Hospital, Adelaide, Hermann H. S. Nettelbeck, late of Kent Town, aged 78 years, a colonist of 69 years.

"MILLICENT BRASS BAND", The South Eastern Times (13 December 1918), 3 



Active Sydney, NSW, 1811

Summary (after Jordan):

On 1 April 1811, George Neville, listed in the register as "musician", was married at St. Philip's, Sydney; widowed shortly afterward, he remarried on 27 July 1811. There is no other record of him.

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2012, 202, 210 note 51

State Records NSW, SZ 1023, marriages 5/204, 5/231

NEVILLE, Jacob Gore (Jacob NEVILLE, Jacob Gore NEVILLE, Jacob George NEVILLE)

Professor of Music, piano tuner

Born Ireland, c. 1813/14
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 25 December 1834 (per Cabotia, from Liverpool, England, 8 September 1834)
Married Margaret Wilson, Trinity Church, Hobart, VDL (TAS), 22 June 1835
Died Launceston, VDL (TAS), 6 March 1836, aged 22 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Jacob Neville, a piano tuner formerly of Andrew Ellard's music warehouse in Dublin ("besides, an accomplished musician ... a great acquisition to the Colony") arrived in Hobart in March 1835, bound for Sydney. His first advertisement announced he could be contacted care of either the music seller Sophia Letitia Davis or Joseph Reichenberg.

In fact, Neville stayed on in Tasmania, working as a piano tuner in Hobart and Launceston, but died after being thrown by his horse in March 1836. His widow, only 17 years old, was taken in by Reichenberg and his first wife Angelica, Joseph Reichenberg having been a witness to the Nevilles' marriage the previous year.


"TRADE AND SHIPPING", The Hobart Town Courier (2 January 1835), 2 

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (16 January 1835), 3

Pianofortes buffed, tuned, repaired, &c. MR. J. NEVILLE, late of Mr Ellard's Musical Instrument Manufactory, Sackville street, Dublin, having lately arrived in this colony, on his way to Sydney and purposing from the encouragement he has received to remain in Hobart town for a short time, and during his stay he will buff, tune, and repair Pianofortes so as to give satisfaction to those that may employ him. Any commands left with Mrs. Davis, at her Music-warehouse, Elizabeth-street, Mr. Reichenberg, Davey street, or at the office of this paper, will be punctually attended to. Mr, Neville will attend country orders. Jan. 15.

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (10 March 1835), 1 

"VAN DIEMEN'S LAND NEWS", The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (17 March 1835), 3

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (30 March 1835), 3 

[Advertisement], The Hobart Town Courier (12 June 1835), 1

Marriage, Jacob Gore Neville, and Margaret Wilson, Trinity Church, Hobart, 22 June 1835; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:821717; RGD36/1/2 no 2848 

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (23 July 1835), 2 

Burial, Jacob George Neville, Launceston, 8 March 1836; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1180191; RGD34/1/1 no 4593 

[Advertisement], Launceston Advertiser (10 March 1836), 2 

Inquest, into the death of Jacob Neville, Launceston, 11 March 1836; Tasmanian Names Index; NAME_INDEXES:1363494; SC195/1/2 (Inquest 85) 

[News], The Hobart Town Courier (11 March 1836), 2

"Inquest", The Cornwall Chronicle (12 March 1836), 2

"Fatal Accident", The Australian (25 March 1836), 6

We extremely regret to state, that an accident of the most lamentable description occurred at Launceston Races. Nr. Neville, a young gentleman who, many of our readers will recollect, arrived here about a year ago as Professor of Music, was riding on the course, when he was encountered by another horseman, and overturned with such force, that he received so much injury, both in his head and body, that he died on Sunday in extreme agony. It is indeed a calamitous event. Mr. Neville married some few months back a daughter of Mr. Wilson, formerly Hospital Serjeant of the 40th regt., and has thus left enciente, a widow, not yet 17 years old. Her mother's history is remarkable. She is one of the very few female survivors of the terrible retreat of Sir John Moore to Corunna in 1809, during the whole of which, she, then but 15 years old, accompanied her husband ... Her daughter's situation is now extremely pitiable. Mr. Neville, although an admirable artist, rapidly advancing in his profession, having arrived here with that profession only as his support, has been unable to do more than provide for current expenses. Mrs. Reichenberg, wife of the highly respected musician, late master of the Band of Mrs. Neville's father's regiment had most kindly brought her up after her father's death; and this becoming known to the Rev. Dr. Browne, the Government Chaplain of Launceston, that gentleman with great consideration, took upon himself the melancholy task of communicating to her [Mrs. Reichenberg] the distressing intelligence in the following letter: - ... [printed in full] ... Mrs. Reichenberg upon receipt of the above, lost not a moment in proceeding to Launceston, in order to render Mrs. Neville every comfort and consolation in her power ...

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (28 May 1836), 3 

"DEATHS", Limerick Chronicle (31 August 1836), 3

Suddenly, at Launceston, Van Dieman's Land, Jacob Grace [sic] Neville, second son of the late Jacob Neville, Esq., of Dublin.


Piano-forte maker, tuner

Active Adelaide, SA, 1850s
Died Sydney, NSW, 13 January 1863, aged 61


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (23 July 1857), 1

J. NEWELL, 30 years Practical PIANO-FORTE-MAKER in London, nearly two years with Mr. [Samuel] Marshall, Currie-street ...

"LOCAL COURTS", South Australian Register (9 January 1858), 3

"DEATHS", The South Australian Advertiser (25 February 1863), 7

Note: A James Newell was a piano-forte maker at Liverpool, UK, in 1835

NEWLAND, Simpson

Memorialist, chronicler of music and musicians

Born Hanley, Staffordshire, England, 2 November 1835
Arrived SA, 7 June 1839 (per Sir Charles Forbes)
Died North Adelaide, SA, 27 June 1925 (NLA persistent identifier)


"OLD-TIME MEMORIES. AMUSEMENTS No. I", South Australian Register (1 August 1891), 6

"OLD-TIME MEMORIES. AMUSEMENTS No. II", South Australian Register (10 August 1891), 6

"OLD-TIME MEMORIES. AMUSEMENTS No. III", South Australian Register (8 September 1891), 6

Bibliography and resources:

G. K. Jenkin, "Newland, Simpson (1835-1925)", Australian dictionary of biography 11 (1988)

"Newland, Simpson (Sim) (1835-1925)", Obituaries Australia 

NEWLYN, Charles Columb

Practical pianoforte maker and repairer (lately from the factories of England), tuner

Active Sydney, NSW, by September 1858 (formerly of Portsmouth, England)
Died Sydney, NSW, 3 September 1866, in his 42nd year


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (29 September 1858), 1

[News], Empire (22 November 1859), 4

As we are always desirous of encouraging industry and talent whenever and wherever it may be met with, we call the attention of our readers, and especially of the musical public of Sydney, to a new pianoforte, made by Mr. C. Newlyn, of Castlereagh-street. It is the first one of the kind that has been manufactured in the colonies, being a check or double action. The whole of the instrument has been made by Mr. Newlyn, and the perseverance with which he has devoted his leisure time to this work is worthy of all encouragement. The piano is a cottage, of rosewood, has a compass of seven octaves; the materials are all well seasoned, veneered on colonial cedar. It has a beautiful, clear, bell-like tone, producing a reverberation with great celerity - exceedingly useful for rapid execution - by the impossibility of any note refusing its effect; the slightest touch consequent on this action producing its full and pure sound. The treble is particularly clear. The instrument contains all the modern improvements; the studs are of cedar; and the whole complicated workmanship, very different from that of other instruments, reflects the greatest credit on the manufacturer.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 February 1860), 1

[Advertisement], Bathurst Free Press (28 November 1860), 3

"DEATHS", Empire (22 November 1866), 1


Convict, vocalist, singer, St. John's Church, Parramatta

Active Parramatta, NSW, c.1825


HRA, I, 11, 736 (inquiry into charges against James Ring, August 1825)

SUSAN PRISCILLA BISHOP ... Cross-examined ... Mr. Kenyon and one or two of the Singers at the Church have been in the habit of attending at Mr. Marsden's family worship. It is not, that I am aware, a common understood thing that any respectable person may attend at Mr. Marsden's Worship on a Sunday evening. I know a person named Pritchard. He is a Ticket of Leave Man, and he was one of the Singers. I know a man named Newsome. He was a Singer ...

Bibliography and resources:

"John Newsome", Convict Records 

Associations: Samuel Marsden (clergyman), Joseph Kenyon (singer), James Ring (singer)

NEWSON, Frederick (Mr. NEWSON; Frederick NEWSON)

Actor, comedian, comic vocalist, dancer, blackface performer, convict

Born Norfolk, England, 1820
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 5 July 1835 (convict per Marquis of Huntley, from England, 23 March)
Died Penola, SA, 27 May 1858, aged 38 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Frederick Newson, aged 12, accused of theft by his mother, Letitia Newson, a widow, was tried at the Old Bailey on 6 September 1832, found guilty of simple larcenry, and sentenced to 7 years transporation. He arrived in New South Wales on the Marquis of Huntley in July 1835, and was issued with a certificate of freedom on 16 September 1839.

He was first billed in August 1844, singing Billy Barlow at George Coppin's Saloon in Sydney. In March 1845 he was in Melbourne, appearing for Samson Cameron at the Theatre Royal, in black face songs and duets, and by October was in Hobart, as an actor and comic singer for Anne Clarke's company at the Royal Victoria. After taking his Hobart benefit in March 1846, he was billed as a dancer and singer at the Olympic in Launceston, forming a performing duo with Robert Osborne. In August 1846, he was in Melbourne, singing at the Queen's Theatre, with another Tasmanian colleague Arthur Falchon, and Caroline Wallace.

Having performed in Melbourne through to March 1847, he was in Adelaide at Deering's Royal Adelaide Theatre, on 22 April, "for the first time in the colony". and in June for Coppin at the New Queen's Theatre.

He married Mary Ann Hudson (died 1892) in Adelaide on 24 August 1850. Their son Frederick William Newson was born on 3 April 1857 (died 1914). When Frederick junior was reported missing, aged 44, from Coorong, SA, in 1901, he was described as "fond of step-dancing. and singing and plays a violin."


Frederick Newson, simple larceny, 6 September 1832; The proceedings of the Old Bailey online 

State Records NSW; NRS 12210; Butts of Certificates of Freedom; 1839, September 16 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1844), 3

COPPIN'S LARGE SALOON . . . Mr. NEWSON as BILLY BARLOW, and all the Drolleries that can be collected by the THREE COMIC SINGERS!!! . . .

[Advertisement], The Dispatch (5 October 1844), 4 

SIMMONS'S SALOON . . . Comic Songs, by Messrs Phillips, Newson, and the Extemporaneous Singer - "I won't go to School" - "Sich a getting up stairs" - "Negar Duetts" - "An Irishman's joy" - "The Pilot coat," &c. . . .

[Advertisement], Port Phillip Gazette (1 March 1845), 3 

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (24 October 1845), 1 

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (28 October 1845), 3 

. . . Newson's Jim Brown was repeated, and deservedly encored: he is to sing Billy Barlow on Thursday - of course with certain piquant allusions, which will, no doubt, be highly relished . . .

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (30 January 1846), 3 

. . . The music must not be forgotten, it is extremely beautiful and appropriate, from the spirited overture to the last chorus; and Mrs. Clarke warbled her notes very sweetly. Campbells's Highland Fling was well done, as was Newson's Jack Rag's Statues, in short the whole of the performances were completely successful, and consequently applauded and appreciated . . .

"THEATRE", Colonial Times (10 March 1846), 3 

. . . On Thursday Mr. Newson takes a night, with a variety of comic and other entertainments. Raymond and Agnes, an episode from the "Monk" of Mr. P. M. Lewis is an awful and most ghostly affair; and the new version of "Billy Barlow" promises some fun. We sincerely hope poor Newson, a friendless man here, will be compensated for his expense and trouble.

[Advertisement], The Britannia and Trades' Advocate (12 March 1846), 4 

"THE THEATRE", Colonial Times (13 March 1846), 3 

Mr. Newson's' benefit last night did not go off so well as we anticipated; indeed, more than one contre temp occurred to mar tho entertainments of the evening: in the first place, Mr. Campbell did not appear as announced, being, we are sorry to hear, indisposed; other disappointments took pluce, entirely beyond the control of either Mr. Newson or the lessee . . .

"QUEEN'S THEATRE", Port Phillip Gazette and Settler's Journal (30 September 1846), 3 

On to-morrow evening, the Benefit of Newson, the American Comedian, will take place at the Queen's Theatre . . . The talents of Mr. N., as a Nigger Songster, is so well known that we have no doubt but there will be a well filled house to greet him.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (21 April 1847), 1 

"POLICE COURT. Friday, 31st May", South Australian Register (1 June 1850), 3 

Frederick Newson, a ci-devant comedian and nigger melodist, admitted he was drunk the previous night, and paid 5s., for the offence, by command of the Police-Commissioner.

"PORT THEATRE", Adelaide Times (20 February 1856), 2 

A performance took place at this Theatre last Monday evening, when two or three names unknown before appeared in public; amongst them we especially notice the acting of Miss Morton, as "Clara," in Buckstone's domestic drama of "Luke the Labourer," in which she was well supported by Luke, personated by Mr. Newson. An interlude of songs and dances was very well performed and received; Mr. Newson's comic singing was admirable, and brought forth uproarious applause. This gentleman was lately a comic actor with Mr. Coppin, at the Abbey-street theatre, Dublin, and also in Melbourne and Geelong, and will doubtless become a favourite here. The evening's entertainment was concluded with a laughable farce, entitled the "Spectre Bridegroom" . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Frederick Newson, Digital panopticon 

Frederick Newson, Convict Records


Vocalist, tambourine player (New Orleans Serenaders)

Active Sydney, NSW, 1852


[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (14 February 1852), 3

NICKSON, Arthur Ernest Howard (A. E. H. NICKSON)

Organist, choral director, music teacher, conservatorium teacher

Born Collingwood, VIC, 1 March 1876
Died Mont Albert, VIC, 16 February 1964 



[News], The Argus (1 February 1895), 7

We are informed by Mr. Samuel Greenwood, organist and choirmaster of St. John's Church, that Arthur Ernest Nickson, the successful candidate for the Clarke Scholarship, was his pupil for years and only recently took lessons from Mr. Ernest Wood.

Bibliography and resources:

Joe Rich, "Nickson, Arthur Ernest Howard (1876-1964)", Australian dictionary of biography 15 (2000) 

NICOLO, Signor


Active Sydney, NSW, 1850


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (28 August 1850), 1 

THIS EVENING, third and positively the last performance on Two Patent Harmoniums. PROGRAMME . . .
4. There is a Flower that bloometh; Signor Nicolo - Wallace . . .
1. Duetto - Giorno Dorrore; Signor Nicolo and Madame Gautrot - Rossini . . .
. . .
3. The Wind and the Beam; Signor Nicolo - Blockley . . .

"PROMENADE CONCERT", The People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator (31 August 1850), 4 

The announcement of the last exhibition of that ingenious instrument the Harmonium attracted a select assemblage at the Royal Hotel on Wednesday evening. The entertainments passed off successfully, with the exception of the vocal experimentalising of a Signor Nicolo, whose most uncouth harmony irresistibly reminded us of the all but inaudible humming of a bee in a bottle. It was pretty generally whispered through the room that the young gentleman had clandestinely strayed from the maternal bosom, oblivious of his petticoats; for with which of the sexes he claims identity is to this hour, with us, a matter admitting of argument.


NIEBOUR, Katharine (from 1 April 1854, Mrs. Edward CALDWELL, Katharine NEIBOUR)

Teachers of music

Active Adelaide, SA, 1852-54; Sydney, NSW, 1854


Daughters of the English musician George Henry Niebour (c.1788-1850) and his wife Jane Sexton.


[Advertisement], South Australian Register (10 November 1852), 2

MISS M. NEIBOUR continues to give Lessons on the Pianoforte, Spanish Guitar, and Singing, at her own residence or her pupils. Terms - Four lessons, One Guinea. Money expected to be paid in advance, either by the lesson or quarter. Address - Mrs. Hodgkinson, Franklin-street, East.

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (6 April 1854), 1 

MISS NIEBOUR begs to return thanks for the kind patronage she has hitherto received from her patrons, and trusts to have a continuance of their favours. Miss Niebour begs also to announce that her Sister has just arrived in the colony, who will assist her in her duties. Grenfell-street, Adelaide.

"MARRIED", Adelaide Observer (8 April 1854), 5 

On the 1st instant, at North Adelaide, Mr. E. Caldwell, late of Southampton, in the county of Hants, to Katharine Niebour, daughter of G. H. Niebour, Esq., of Uxbridge, Middlesex.

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", Adelaide Times (1 May 1854), 2 

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (2 June 1854), 1

MRS. CALDWELL and Miss M. NIEBOUR, daughters of the late G. H. Niebour, Music Composer, Director, Leader, and Bandmaster to his late Majesty King William the Fourth's private band, and organist of the Chapel Royal - respectfully solicit the patronage of the ladies of Sydney and its vicinity, in teaching the harp, pianofortes, Spanish guitar, concertina, and singing.

NINGULABUL (Sons of old Ningulabul)


Ningulabul (younger)

Winberri (Winberry; Windberry)

Died (murdered) outside Melbourne, VIC, 11 October 1840, aged 23

Ner-rim-bin-uk (Nurmbinuck, Young Winberri)


According to Diane Barwick (1984) the sons of old Ningulabul - younger Ningulabul, Winberri/Windberry (shot in October 1840 Lettsom raid) and Ner-rim-bin-uk/Nurmbinuck/Young winberri, were "all famed song-makers", able "to pass safely through different remote tribes". Winberri was leader of a party accused of an attack on the station of Mr Snodgrass on the Goulburn River, and captured by Major Lettsom in an illegal chase along the Heidelberg road on 11 October 1840. Winberri was shot dead in the roundup, but was quoted by the hut keeper who was robbed: "[Winberri] said that the sheep eat the grass belonging to his kangaroo, and white fellow took kangaroo and what for no give him sheep?"


"PORT PHILLIP", The Sydney Herald (24 October 1840), 2

"Port Phillip", The Sydney Monitor and Commercial Advertiser (24 October 1840), 2

"PORT PHILIP", The Colonist (3 November 1840), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Diane E. Barwick, "Mapping the past: an atlas of Victorian clans 1835-1904", Aboriginal History 8/1 (1984), 100-131

Marie Hansen Fels, I succeeded once: the Aboriginal Protectorate on the Mornington Peninsula, 1839-1840 (Canberra: ANU Press, 2011), 114-17

NISH, Anthony ("Tony" NISH)

Musical director, violinist (Christy's Minstrels), composer

Born Gallowgate, Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, ?
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, January 1863
Departed Melbourne, VIC, ? mid 1867
Died London, England, 3 October 1874, aged 43 (? 39)


[Advertisement], The Argus (30 January 1863), 8

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", Freeman's Journal (6 May 1863), 6

Mr. Nish is known to the public as the musical director of the company; and to him we are indebted, not only for the beautiful accompaniments to the various pieces, but for the exquisite manner in which he executes them on the violin.

"CHRISTY'S MINSTRELS", The Mercury (12 June 1863), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (4 May 1867), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (11 June 1867), 3

"AUSTRALIAN ACTORS IN ENGLAND", Bendigo Advertiser (29 June 1869), 3

"DEATH OF MR. ANTHONY NISH", The Cornwall Chronicle (16 December 1874), 2

The "Anglo Australian" in London writing in the European Mail of the 30th October, remarks: Those of my readers who remember the performances of the Christy Minstrels will be grieved to hear of the death of Mr. Anthony Nish, at the early age of 43 years. The Christys, though performing with on diminished success at St. James's Hall, have sustained a very serious loss, and the frequenters of their performances will long remember the delightful strains of that talented instrumentalist. The company at St. James's Hall paid every mark of respect to the memory of   their cherished associate, and testified further  by their feelingly chanting over his grave their sorrow for the companion who had gone. We may add to this, that Anthony Nish, born in the Gallowgate, Newcastle-on-Tyne, was a schoolfellow of Mr. J. H. Melvyn, now of Launceston, and they were members of the same choir. Nish went to America when young and returned to England with the original Christy Minstrels- managed by Rayner and Pierce. They were joined by Mr. Melvyn and made a brilliant and highly successful tour through the three kingdoms, and then went on the continent. They had the honor of performing before the late Emperor Maximilian at the Tulleries. Their success in the colonies during their tour in 1863 will be remembered by most colonists. Mr. Nish was the composer of "Emmeline" and "Hoop de dooden do," re-arranged music for "Come where my love lies dreaming," and many other popular pieces.

"CHRISTY MINSTRELS", Launceston Examiner (8 May 1875), 5

CHRISTY MINSTRELS. The following particulars of the whereabouts of the members of the first lot of "knights of the burnt cork" who visited Australia under the above title, extracted from the New York Clipper of December 12, will I be read with interest: - "J. Stewart is now in Edinburgh, Scotland. Wash Norton is now performing with Kelly and Leon's Minstrels, Chicago, Ill.. P. Maxey was Max Irwin, who died in Adelaide, Australia, August  9, 1864. J. H. Melvyn is teaching music at Launceston, Tasmania. T. Rainford is travelling with an English opera company in Australia. Carl Steele was with Dan Bryant's Minstrels, in this city, during the season of 1873-4, but is now in Germany. Anthony Nish was the musical director of Moore and Burgess's Minstrels, London, England, for some years prior to his death, which occurred October 3, 1874. Edward Harvey is with Hughy Dougherty in the Diamond Fields, Cape of Good Hope, South Africa."

Bibliography and resources:

Edward Le Roy Rice, Monarchs of minstrelsy from "Daddy" Rice to date (New York: Kenny Publishing Company, 1911), 50, 63

Anthony Nish was well known for many years as a minstrel "leader." His first theatrical appearance was in the 50's, with Parham's Minstrels. July 11, 1857, he sailed for England with Raynor and Pierce's "Christy" Minstrels, opening in London, August 3, following. He continued with this company for a lengthy period, later organizing a troupe of his own. He finally returned to London, and was with Moore and Burgess' Minstrels for many years. He was born in New Castle, England; he died in London, England, October 3, 1874; age 39 years.

NIXON, Francis Russell

First bishop of Tasmania, amateur musician, organist, composer

Born North Cray, Kent, England, 1 August 1803
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), 19-20 July 1843 (on the Duke of Roxburgh from London, 7 March)
Departed Hobart, TAS, 21 February 1862 (on the Percy, for England, resigned in 1863, while there on leave)
Died Lake Maggiore, Italy, 7 April 1879 (NLA persistent identifier)

NIXON, Anna Maria

Amateur musician, organist (wife of the above)

Born England, 1802
Died Lake Maggiore, Italy, 26 November 1868

NIXON, Harriet

Amateur musician, pianist, organist (daughter of the above)


Anna Maria Nixon (sketch): The drawing room with organ, 'Bishopstowe', Hobart Town, 1845




Mrs. J. H. Wedge, letter, 7 August 1844, extract; from Nixon 1953, 28

Now I must tell you of your pets - the children - commencing with dear Harriet as being the eldest. She and Mary were staying with me five weeks during Mrs. Nixon's confinement. They were most tractable and good as any children would be, and seemed delighted in being again with me. Of course, being visitors, I no longer exerted my authority as governess; nor, indeed, was it required. They are both grown; Harriett, I think, improved in temper and certainly more gentle in manner than formerly, and very affectionate, and improved in her general education. As to the musical branch of it, I can't say much about that, but it will be very creditable to her if she ever does anything in it, considering all the interruptions she has had. She learns dancing and also the gymnastic exercises that are so essential for an awkward child, but these lessons are at the enormous rate of £ per annum. I believe education generally is very expensive in this Colony, notwithstanding the depression of the times. It is very difficult to meet with a real gentlewoman who teaches - the society generally is quite second-rate. You do meet with a few here and there who are lady-like persons, but they are very scarce - there are decidedly more gentlemen than ladies. But I am digressing. I meant to say that Harriet has not yet commenced music upon an instrument. Whether she is to begin to learn the organ is uncertain, though I think her father wishes her to have lessons from Mrs. Elliott, who is the organist at St. David's.

Anna Nixon, letter, 6 April 1845; Nixon 1953, 46

Our organ is a great delight to me. I continue to play every Sunday evening at St. David's.

John Davis Mereweather, diary, 16 December 1850; Mereweather 1859, 71

Dec. 16. [1850] - Was introduced to Dr. Nixon, the Bishop of Tasmania, who received me with great good nature, and talked much and well on many subjects. Dr. Nixon is by no means an ordinary character. Gifted with great impromptu eloquence, he is a sound divine, for he has published a standard work on our Catechism, the best that we have. He plays the organ admirably, and can compose music. He is an excellent painter in oils and water-colours, and sketches beautifully. He is a good scholar, and is indefatigable in his pastoral labours. Yet this excellent prelate has very many enemies in his diocese, of whom some, I am sorry to say, call themselves Church-people. He is a firm friend to all his right-thinking clergy, and supports them to the uttermost in carrying out that which he conceives conducive to the interests of the Church.

"THE ORATORIO", The Courier (23 May 1846), 3

... The "Te Deum" was well performed by the full orchestra, and with evident advantage from a more intimate acquaintance. This piece, we must observe, is from an unpublished MS., by Paisiello, presented to the Society by the Bishop of Tasmania ...

[Advertisement], The Mercury (10 February 1862), 1

Splendid Rosewood Grand Piano-forte. TO be disposed of, a Brilliant and Full-toned three-stringed Rosewood Grand PIANO- FORTE, compass 6 7-8ths. This instrument was a few months since imported to the order of the owner (Miss Nixon, Bishopstowe) from the house of Messrs. Broadwood and Sons, and is parted with solely on account of the family leaving for England. Full particulars may be known on application to Mr. PACKER, Professor of Music, 19 Davey-street.

"THE BISHOP", The Mercury (17 February 1862), 2

"THE BISHOP OF TASMANIA", The Cornwall Chronicle (22 February 1862), 3

"SUMMARY OF NEWS", The Mercury (23 July 1862), 3

Mrs. Arthur Davenport, diary, 22 November 1863 [note Nixon 1953]; Nixon 1953, 54

November 22nd, 1863: Yesterday was the Bishopstowe sale. Captain Bayley bought the house. The organ was sold to the Scottish Church at Campbell Town. [This organ (bought by Dr. Turnbull for his church at Campbell Town) is the one brought out in the "Duke of Roxburgh" and set up by the Bishop in his home, a constant joy to himself and his wife, and there are memories recorded of hearing the Bishop playing far into the night. At Bishopstowe it stood in the large drawing-room, the room also used for Church meetings.]

Bibliography and resources:

Mereweather 1859, 71-72

Norah Nixon (ed.), The pioneer bishop in Van Diemen's Land 1843-1863: letters and memories of Francis Russell Nixon, D.D., first bishop of Tasmania ([Hobart: Author, 1953])

[intro.]: Mrs. Nixon's duties were manifold, as Bishop's Secretary writing and copying often far into the night (no typewriter in those days!), showing hospitality to all and sundry, taking Sunday School and Confirmation Classes, playing the organ for church services, visiting and nursing sick neighbours, etc.

Rushworth 1998 

Rushworth 1999 

Maidment 2011 


Caroline ELLIOT

Frederick Alexander PACKER

NOOK, George


Arrived NSW, 1801(per Minorca)
Active Sydney, NSW, 1814

Summary (after Jordan 2012):

The 1814 muster lists George Nook, described as a "fiddler", living in Sydney, having arrived on the transport Minorca.

Bibliography and resources:

Jordan 2012, 202


Vocalist, pianist, harpist, teacher

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1852


"THE CONCERT", The Argus (23 September 1852), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (22 October 1852), 3

MRS. NORMAN, pupil of Sir G. Smart and Chatterton, respectfully announces to the inhabitants of Melbourne and its vicinity that she is now prepared to give lesions on the Piano Forte, Harp, and Singing, at her residence, No. 13, Russell-street, and she flatters herself that the same success will attend her effort for the advancement of her pupils that she has experienced in some of the first families in England.

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 November 1852), 7

Bibliography and resources:

Hallo , 80, 136, 202 (DIGITISED)

NORMAN, James Marsh

Amateur song writer and composer, organist, Anglican priest

Born Launceston, VDL (TAS), October 1828
Died Cressy, TAS, April 1904


Norman's The iron horse ("Song ... words by Rev. R. J. Norman, the music composed by himself") was on a mixed social program at Longford in October 1867. In 1889, during his time as parish priest of Cressy it was reported

The incumbent, the Rev. J. M. Norman, preached earnest and practical sermons, while the grand music, which forms so pleasing a part of the church service, was well rendered by a strong choir under the leadership of Miss Norman.


"CHRIST'S COLLEGE", The Courier (3 February 1853), 2

"COUNTRY INTELLIGENCE: LONGFORD", Launceston Examiner (1 October 1867), 6

"CRESSY", Launceston Examiner (26 March 1889), 4

"OBITUARY", Examiner (27 April 1904), 6

NORMAN, Linly (Alfred Linly NORMAN; Linley; Mr. L. NORMAN)

Operatic conductor, pianist

Born England, c. 1836
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 27 June 1856 (per James Baines, from Liverpool, England, 6 April)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 June 1856 (per London, from Melbourne, 28 June)
Died Launceston, TAS, 16 October 1869, aged 33 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


According to Loyau, Norman a pupil of George Smart, and was later enrolled in the Royal Academy of Music, which he left with honors, having participated while there in a class taught by Mendelssohn.

He was probably only 17 when he was first documented as appearing with actor and manager William Hoskins and his wife, the soprano Julia Harland in London in March 1853. His association with Hoskins and Harland continued in January 1855, when they began a provincial tour as the English Opera Company, with Norman billed as conductor.

Hoskins and the opera company last appeared at Gloucester in March and early April 1856, cutting short their advertised season in order to sail for Australia, with Walter Sherwin (tenor), and Robert Farquharson (bass).


"MR. HOSKINS'S SHAKSPEARIAN ENTERTAINMENT", Morning Advertiser [London] (23 March 1853), 6

What may termed chamber entertainments seem to be daily gaining increasing favour in public estimation, and there are many reasons why they should, were there the time to descant upon them. Last night Mr. Hoskins added novel one to the many before the town, and produced at Sadler's Wells Theatre what he terms "Leaves from the Life, and Lays from the Lyre of William Shakspeare." It consists of two parts, the first on "the Ballad Literature Shakspeare," which, besides being illustrated by the lecturer in a few brief and clever sentences, is vocalised by a small band of singers, consisting of Miss Julia Harland, Miss Brunton, Miss Fanny Beaumont, Messrs. Sharpe, Price, and Beale, the whole being conducted by Mr. Linly Norman. They performed a dozen of the most noted of the ballads which are interspersed in the plays. Miss Harland is by much the foremost singer of this little company, and sang "When daisies pied," "Come unto this Yellow Sand," and "Where the Bee Sucks," with great effect and feeling, and elicited on every occasion an encore . . .

[Advertisement], Cheltenham Looker-On (20 January 1855), 1

Royal Old Well. ENGLISH OPERA COMPANY. From the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. FOR A LIMITED NUMBER of NIGHTS, commencing MONDAY, Jan. 22, 1855, comprising the following eminent Artistes: - MISS JULIA HARLAND, MISS FANNY REEVES, MR. HENRY CORRI, MR. OLIVER SUMMERS, and MR. ELLIOT GALER, the new English Tenor. Conductor, MR. LINLY NORMAN. On MONDAY, Bellini's Opera of LA SONNAMBULA, And the Musical Farce of NO SONG NO SUPPER . . .

"THE THEATRE", Gloucester Journal (19 January 1856), 3

Want of space compelled us to defer anything like a detailed notice of the Operatic Company during the last week of their engagement here. The novelties produced were the Mountain Sylph and Don Pasquale, the first time that either has been played at Gloucester. The music of the former, but too little known opera, was very nicely executed, Miss Harland playing the heroine . . . And while are on the subject of accompaniments we must not omit our warmest praise to Mr. Linly Norman, who is one of the best accompanyists we have heard, his touch being at the same time delicate and firm, and his playing always correct and tasteful. The performances on Wednesday being under the patronage of the City Sheriff (J. M. Butt, Esq.), and for the benefit of Miss Harland, a house literally crammed to the ceiling assembled to witness the Elixir of Love and Guy Mannering . . . Friday being an extra night, and the last of the season, Don Pasquale, one of Donizetti's most elegant operas, was produced . . . we must say that were excessively pleased the thoroughly finished and artistic manner which it was represented. Miss Harland, as Norina, was delightfully arch and coquettish . . . We hear that their next visit will be about April.

"GLOUCESTER - Theatre Royal", The era (23 March 1856), 11

Mr. Hoskins, the well-known comedian, gave a very clever entertainment last Monday . . . He was assisted in the musical portion by Miss Harland, Miss Maria Stanley, and Mr. Linly Norman. Miss Harland, who is a favourite here, was most cordially received, and encored in several of the Shaksperian songs; and Mr. Norman displayed his talent as a pianist by playing Thalberg's arrangement from Mose en Egitto . . .

"GLOUCESTER (From our own Correspondent)", The musical world (29 March 1856), 197

An entertainment called Leaves from the Life and Lays from the Lyre of William Shakespere was given here last Monday by Mr. Hoskins, a comedian, well known in London. He was assisted by Miss Harland, Miss Maria Stanley, and Mr. Linly Norman. The first lady was encored in several songs; and the entertainment was very successful.

"THEATRICAL ARTISTES FOR AUSTRALIA", The morning chronicle (7 April 1856), 3

Mr. J. H. Wilton has engaged a corps of theatrical artistes, who will take their departure for Australia in the ship James Baines, which was expected to sail from Liverpool for Melbourne on Sunday morning. They have been engaged for the Theatre Royal, Melbourne, and will be accompanied by Mr. Black, the lessee and builder of that establishment, and by Mr. W. N. Lyons, Mr. Wilton's locum tenens. The artistes already engaged by Mr. Wilton are Miss Fitzpatrick, Miss Julia Harland, Mr. Hoskins, Mr. Farquharson, Mr. Sherwin, and Mr. Linley Norman, Mddle. d'Antoine, and Mons. Martin. Mr. Wilton is also in treaty for an Australian trip, with Mr. Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Wallack, Mr. and Mrs. Charles Dillon, and Miss Cushman, Mr. Charles Matthews having for the present declined Mr. Wilton's offer, on the score of the ill-health of his wife (Madame Vestris.)

"GLOUCESTER - Theatre Royal", The era (13 April 1856), 11

Much disappointment was occasioned last week by the non-appearance of Miss Julia Harland, who was announced to play in the opera of Maritana, with Mr. Linly Norman as conductor. In consequence of their absence the house was closed on the Monday night . . . (We may as well state here that Miss Harland and Mr. Norman sailed for Australia last Sunday in the James Baines, from Liverpool.)

Australia (from 27 June 1856):

"THEATRICAL", The Argus (27 June 1856), 5 

By the James Baines the following members of the musical and theatrical professions have arrived: - Miss Julia Harland, soprano; Mr. Walter Sherwin, tenor; and Mr. Robert Farquharson, bass. Mr. Linley Inman has accompanied these artistes as musical director and conductor, and they bring with them a repertory of thirty operas, with dresses and personal appointments complete. Mr. Hoskins, a light comedian of ability, formerly attached to the Sadler's Wells Theatre, also forms part of the troupe, and will proceed forthwith to Sydney, where they are under engagement for the present.


June 27 - James Baines, R.M, ship, 2315 tons, C. McDonald, from Liverpool 6th April . . .

"THEATRICAL AND MUSICAL", The Age (28 June 1856), 3 

"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Age (28 June 1856), 2 

JUNE 30. -London (s.), 700 tons, Captain Watts, from Melbourne 28th instant. Passengers . . . Miss Harland, Mrs. Farquharson . . . Messrs. . . . Norman, Hoskins, Sherwin, Farquharson . . .

[Advertisement], Empire (3 July 1856), 1

"THEATRE ROYAL. OUR LYCEUYM. ENGLISH OPERA", The Argus (1 September 1856), 5 

The Queen's Theatre, re-baptized under the title of "Our Lyceum," opens this evening with an English operatic troupe, under the management of Mr. John Black. The opera selected for the occasion is the "Bride of Lammermoor," and it will be the first time Donizetti's celebrated work has been presented in an English dress to a Victorian audience. Having had the advantage of witnessing a rehearsal we are enabled to give as an opinion that success will be found to be merited by the new arrivals, and we therefore look to see it achieved. Miss Julia Harland, the prima donna, is a daughter of Mr. Henry Wallack, well known to the British and American boards. From the slight opportunity we have had of judging of her professional qualities we are inclined to augur for her a flattering success. We have also a good opinion of the qualifications possessed by Mr. W. Sherwin, the tenor, and hope to see him ere many nights have elapsed a favorite with our Melbourne play-goers. Mr. Farquarson is decidedly an immense acquisition to our corps d'opera, and although Ashton is not a telling part for him, we anticipate a grand treat for the patrons of Our Lyceum this evening from the thoroughly established reputation which this excellent singer has acquired in the mother country, and which has been fully endorsed by our Sydney neighbors. Mr. Gregg and Mrs. Fiddes will, we believe, also appear. The orchestra and chorus have been judiciously selected. The former is under the direction of Mr. Linley Norman, with Strebinger for leader, and numbers several of our most popular instrumental performers, including Messrs. King (first violin), Johnson (clarionet), Hartigan (ophecleide), and in addition a Mr. Siche [recte, Siede], a flautist of high reputation in England and Germany, and who has only very recently arrived in the colony. Mr. Hosking, an admirable light comedian, who will be well remembered by the ci-divant patrons of Messrs. Phelps and Greenwood, also makes his debut this evening as Colonel Jack Delaware, a Yankee "patter" part, in the farce of "A Fast Train."

[Advertisement], The Star (5 February 1859), 3

"SUDDEN DEATH OF MR. LINLY NORMAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (18 October 1869), 2 

Deaths in the district of Launceston, 1869; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:1155285; RGD35/1/38 no 1042 

"DEATHS", The Cornwall Chronicle (20 October 1869), 2 

NORMAN - On the 16th instant, at the Union Hotel, Launceston, suddenly, of the bursting of a blood vessel, Linly Norman, member of the Royal Academy of Music, in the 33rd year of his life. (Melbourne and Adelaide papers please copy.)

"THE DRAMA", Leader [Melbourne, VIC] (23 October 1869), 18 

A genial soul, a kindly heart, and a cunning hand have gone suddenly to rest. From Hobart Town we have intelligence of the death of Alfred Linly Norman. Those who knew him best will mourn him most. Cut down in the prime of what, had he so chosen, might have been a great career, he has left behind him a name which will not soon be forgotten in Australasia. The first eminent pianist, who ever visited Victoria, he was perhaps more than the equal of any who have succeeded him. His worst fault was that he did not know his own powers. In very sooth he blushed at the mention of his genius, and doubted its reality. Those who have heard him at the moment of inspiration, however, know how great that was. May a warm friend and a humble admirer be allowed, figuratively, to drop a tear over his grave? - AUTOLYCUS.

"DEATH OF MR. LINLY NORMAN", The Cornwall Chronicle (6 November 1869), 10

Mr. Linly Norman, a member of the Royal Academy of Music, and one who had a European as well as a colonial reputation for great ability in his profession, was found dead in his bed at the Union Inn about 7 o'clock on the morning of Saturday, the 16th October ... Dr. Miller was sent for, and as he had previously been consulted by Mr. Norman, the cause of death - rupture of a blood vessel - was so apparent that no inquest was deemed necessary. The remains of the talented but unfortunate Linly Norman were interred in the Church of England cemetery on Sunday afternoon, when between forty and fifty gentlemen, who respected the deceased for his amiable qualities and admired his brilliant musical talents, followed his remains to their last resting place.

[Advertisement], The Cornwall Chronicle (24 November 1969), 4 

PORTRAITS of the late Mr. Linly Norman for sale at W. PAUL DOWLING's Photographic Gallery, Brisbane-street.

[Advertisement], Cairns Post (21 September 1887), 3 

MUSIC - French and English. Mrs. FIELD, Abbott-street; Pupil of Mr. Linly Norman and Professor Jordan . . .

Bibliography and resources:

Thomas Bastard, The autobiography of "Cockney Tom" (Adelaide: McClory and Masterman, 1881)

George E. Loyau, Notable South Australians; or, colonists past and present (Adelaide: Carey, Page and Co., 1885), 186

THIS eminent musician and composer arrived in Adelaide in 1856 with the English Opera Company as musical director. He was a pupil of Sir Geo. Smart, and subsequently enrolled in the Royal Academy. Leaving with honors he passed a second course under Mendelssohn, whose first six books of Lieder ohne Worte one of his surviving pupils, now here, heard him during repeated sittings in one-day recite from memory without omission of a single phrase. He left Adelaide, but returned in 1861, and remained five years. He was a peculiarly gifted instructor, extremely quiet in his teaching attitude, and those who studied under him yet testify how completely a lesson was imbibed in merely witnessing his performances, and catching his appropriate remarks and suggestions. This gifted son of genius removed to Tasmania, where a brief illness in October 1869 bereft our southern hemisphere of one of the most enlightened, unobtrusive and cultivated artists.

NORNA (pseudonym)


Active Hobart, TAS, 1855


"Norna" is the pseudonym of the composer of the The F. D. C. waltz in Henry Butler Stoney's The Tasmanian lyre (Hobart: Huxtable and Deakin, 1855). The name was probably derived from the steamship Norna.

What does "F. D. C." stands for? Anyone?


[Advertisement], The Courier (13 November 1854), 3

Colonial Times (9 March 1855), 4

NORTH, Emilie E.(Miss)

Composer of Music, Teacher of Pianoforte

Active Sydney, NSW, 1870s


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (3 April 1873), 10

"THE NATIVE ROSE WALTZ", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 June 1873), 4

Under this title, a pretty waltz in the key of F, composed by Miss Emilie E. North has been published, and will no doubt be acceptable to many of our musical readers. It is neatly printed, and illustrated with an ink illustration of the native-rose.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (19 November 1873), 1

"MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 July 1876), 4

We have received from the composer, Emilie E. North, the "Anni Louise" waltzes, which have been lately issued from the press. The music consists of three distinct airs, all of which are lively, and which contain a good deal of originality. The time is well-marked throughout, and though there are several changes of keys, the piece is within the compass of an ordinary pianoforte player. The same composer is the authoress of the "Native Rose Waltz", which is now in its sixth edition.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (20 July 1878), 9

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (7 January 1879), 2

"THE MUSIC AT THE GARDEN PALACE", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1879), 2

"THE CHURCHES", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 March 1905), 9

Musical works:

The native rose waltz (composed by Miss. E North) (Sydney: Sold at J. Reading, Elvy and Co., J. R. Clarke, [1873]) 

The native rose waltz (composed by Miss Emelie North) (Sydney: [ ? ], A. Grocott, printer, [18-?]) 

Annie Louise waltzes ([Sydney]: ?, [1876])


Trombone player (Sydney University Musical Festival)

Active Sydney, NSW, July 1859


[Advertisement], Empire (2 July 1859), 3


NORTHCOTT, William (? see also above)

Professor of the Cornet-a-Piston, Teacher of all kinds of Brass Instruments, bandmaster

Active Bendigo, VIC, by 1864


[Advertisement], Bendigo Advertiser (30 September 1864), 1

[News], The Argus (6 May 1868), 4

In the Divorce Court yesterday, a dissolution of the marriage of Edward Von Knorr, of Sandhurst, with his wife, was decreed. The petitioner was the husband from whom Mrs. Von Knorr eloped in January last with the co-respondent, William Northcott, a musician. There was no defence to the suit, the petitioner obtaining his decree without opposition.

"OLD BENDIGONIAN", The Bendigo Advertiser (21 February 1881), 2

The friends of Mr. William Northcott, who originally founded the well-known Northcott's Band in this city (at present conducted by Mr. James Northcott), and who left Sandhurst for America some dozen years ago, where he has been since resident, will be glad to learn that he has acquired a high musical reputation in the United States. He occupied the position of solo cornetist in the musical combination at the Centennial Exhibition, Philadelphia, in 1870, and at the Permanent Exhibition in 1S77-78-79, and has performed in New York for GO consecutive nights. He is the author of a piece of music entitled "America," which is pronounced by the American press to be "a remarkable success." A copy of this composition has been received by Mr. James Northcott, and die music shows a range of compass from F in the ledger down to double B natural. Mr. W. Northcott has made an addition of eight full notes to his cornet, and is thus enabled to play "America" in four octaves, a feat which excited the greatest wonder in the minds of musicians.


Bandmaster, mine manager

Born South Taunton, Devonshire, England, 1836 (brother of the above)
Died Middle Brighton, VIC, 18 December 1904


[News], The Argus (14 February 1873), 5

"OLD BENDIGONIAN", The Bendigo Advertiser (21 February 1881), 2

"LATEST INTELLIGENCE", Kerang Times (7 February 1882), 2

"BAND PRESENTATION", Bendigo Advertiser (15 September 1883), 2

"LETTERS TO THE EDITIOR. BAND CONTEST", Launceston Examiner (21 May 1886), 3

"A VETERAN BANDMASTER", Bendigo Advertiser (23 June 1898), 3

"DEATH OF MR. JAS. NORTHCOTT. A VETERAN BANDSMAN", Bendigo Advertiser (19 December 1904), 5

Regret will be widespread at the announcement of the death of Mr. James Northcott, of Lily-street, Golden-square, the veteran bandsman, which event occurred at Middle Brighton yesterday morning. ... He was born at South Taunton, in Devonshire, in 1836, and was, therefore, 68 years of age at the time of his demise. When only a lad he entered the British navy, joining the warship St. Jean d'Acre. He remained in the navy for several years, and his vessel was lying off Copenhagen, when orders were received to proceed to the Crimea, which was the sole topic of interest in England at that period. Mr. Northcott served all through the Crimean war, and obtained three service medals. He was most fortunate, as he did not even receive a scratch. While fighting in the trenches one day he happened to glance round, and was surprised to discover that his brother was by his side. They had not seen each other for a long time, and the meeting under such circumstances can be imagined. Two of his brothers, John and William, served throughout the war. At its close he came to Victoria, the gold fever being then at its height. His stay in Bendigo was brief, as the New Zealand rush attracted his attention, but he returned in 1858 to Bendigo, and as the outlook was quiet he went back to New Zealand in 1859. Finally, in 1860, he settled in the Bendigo district with his father and mother and brother William. They took up some land at Leichardt, and remained there for some years. It was about this time that he became prominent in musical circles. He came of a musical family, as his oldest brother, John, was one of the musicians to the Royal Family, and was pensioned by the late Queen Victoria. His younger brother, William, is at the present time one of the leading cornet players in the United States ... When he left Leichardt, Mr. Northcott became Mr. Lansell's general manager, and continued in that capacity for 26 years. While he was manager of the 180 mine it is estimated that gold to the value of a million sterling was taken from the mine. It is, perhaps, in his capacity as a bandsman, that Mr. Northcott was best known, as he became a familiar figure not only in the chief centres of Victoria but throughout Australia. He first became leader of the old Volunteer Band, and he was subsequently leader of the Battalion Band at Castlemaine. It was when he became leader of the musical combination known as Northcott's Brass Band that his fame and the fame of the band became widespread, as some 25 years ago it was one of the finest bands in Australia, and held that distinction for many years. Although many changes in the personnel of the band have taken place, it still retains its old name. Mr. Northcott was a cornet player of high ability, and in 1871 he was presented by the citizens of Bendigo with a handsome silver cornet, in recognition of his services as a musician. His home contains a great array of trophies, photographic groups of bandsmen etc., which serve to indicate in a sense the reputation he enjoyed as a bandsman. During his career in Bendigo he invested in mining a good deal, but was not very fortunate in this respect, as he lost a good deal of money on the New Chum line. Naturally he was well known and warmly respected, especially by bandsmen, who have, however, not seen him about much for some time, owing to ill-health. He was a genial citizen, and made a large circle of sincere friends ...


Tenor vocalist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1857 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


[Advertisement], The Argus (4 March 1857), 8 

DUDLEY'S ASSEMBLY ROOM, North Williamstown. - A Series of Three GRAND CONCERTS will be given as above, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, the 5th, 6th, and 7th inst, under tne patronage of Captain Pascoe, R. N., P. M. Artistes - Mesdames Annie Vitelli and Mrs. McDougal and Messrs. Gregg, Norton, Furrian. Pianist, Mrs. Mackie; Conductor, Mr. Vitelli. Admission, front seats, 3s.; back, 2s.

"THE PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Age (23 April 1857), 3 

"THE PRINCESS'S THEATRE", The Age (23 April 1857), 3 

"THE OPERA", The Age (8 May 1857), 6 

The opera of "Linda di Chamounix," which has now been twice produced upon the boards of the Princess's . . . has never before been produced in Melbourne in its entirety, some few of the scenes only having been placed upon the stage of the Royal with Madame Bishop as prima donna . . . The scene is laid in the valley of Chamounix in the Tyrol. Linda (Madame Anna Bishop) the daughter of Antonio, a small farmer (Mr. Farquharson), is persecuted with the unwelcome attentions of a neighboring proprietor, the Marquis de Boisflleury (Mr. Alfred Nelson), while she is the betrothed of Carlo Viscount de Serval (Mr. Norton), who has wooed her under the disguise of a painter . . . As may be expected the responsibility of the opera rests upon Madame Bishop, Madame Sara Flower, Mr. Norton, Mr. Farquharson, and Mr. Gregg, who all sustained their parts most admirably. Were we to make an exception, it would be in reference to Mr. Norton, who is quite new to the stage, and yet lacks much to make a good actor. He has, however, a fine voice, though uncultivated, a thorough knowledge of his part, and is evidently a good musician . . .

"THEATRICALS AND MUSIC. PRINCESS'S THEATRE", Bell's Life in Victoria and Sporting Chronicle (9 May 1857), 2 

The patrons of the new theatre were regaled on Wednesday evening with another of Donizetti's operas, "Linda di Chamouni," which was then produced for the first time ia Melbourne in a form approaching completeness. The opera, with the exception of the chief tenor part, was very strongly cast, and, everything considered, went well. The part of Carlo was entrusted to a gentleman named Norton, who being a complete novice to the stage, was not able to do justice to the composer. The audience, however, were disposed to be indulgent, and the debutant had nothing to complain of in respect of encouragement from them . . . We are not disposed to be harsh with Mr. Norton, for we believe that in this instance greatness had been "thrust upon him." He has, moreover, some of the qualifications without which, at least, no dramatic vocalist can arrive at eminence . . .


Organist, composer, arranger

Active Melbourne, VIC, by 1882


[News], The Argus (22 July 1882), 9

"A JUBILEE ODE", The Argus (18 June 1887), 11

"OUR AUSTRALIAN LETTER", Otago Daily Times (6 July 1887), 4

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (24 March 1890), 9

"CHRIST CHURCH ST. KILDA", The Argus (29 April 1892), 6

Musical arrangement:

Jubilee ode (written by the Town Clerk of Melbourne [E. G. Fitzgibbon]; Composed by J. H. M. (of the City Treasurer's Office Melbourne); harmonised by H. C. Nott (organist Christ Church St. Kilda)"; Manuscript, composer's signature [1887]

NUGENT, Stephen

Musician, bandsman

Active Sydney, NSW, 1853


[Notice], New South Wales Government Gazette (29 July 1853), 1283 

REPORT of a Deserter from the 11th Regiment of Foot. - Dated at Sydney, New South Wales, this 27th July, 1853. Man's Name, Stephen Nugent; age, 22 years and 8 months; size 5 feet 11 inches; complexion, fair; hair, sandy; eyes, grey; time of desertion, 21st July, 1853; place of desertion, Sydney, New South Wales; date of enlistment, 8th September, 1845; at what place enlisted, Chatham; parish and county, Fermay, Cork; trade, musician; dress, regimentals, white band jacket; remarks, tall and slight, hair cut close.
Lt. Col. commanding 11th Regiment.


Bellringer, convict

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1837


"To the Editor", The Cornwall Chronicle (23 September 1837), 2

... "Justitia," it seems, is not aware of one more circumstance in the income of the Rev. Dr. Browne. Two men - Parson and Nunn - both prisoners of the crown - both rationed and clothed by Government, attached to St. John's Church - the one as grave-digger, the other as bell-ringer and pew-opener - work from sun-rise to sunset in the garden and fields of the Rev. gentleman, and have done so these four years ...

NUTT, Elizabeth (MONTGOMERY; Mrs. Thomas Upton NUTT)

Teacher, music teacher

Married Thomas Upton NUTT (1831-1866, surgeon), St. Mary, Warwick, England, 16 November 1847
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 23 December 1853 (per Emma Colvin, from Mauritius, a surviving passenger of the ill-fated Meridian)
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 30 December 1853 (per London) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"THE POLICE REGISTER", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Reviewer (31 March 1855), 3 

[Advertisement], The Maitland Mercury and Hunter River General Advertiser (29 December 1860), 3 

EDUCATION. MRS. NUTT, now of Burdekin-terrace, Hyde Park, Sydney, has, in consequence of the increase in the number of her pupils, taken the centre house in Lyons-terrace, Sydney, and will RE-OPEN her SCHOOL there on the 28th January, 1861. In her new residence Mrs. Nutt will have enlarged accommodations for Boarders and Day Pupils, and would be glad of early applications. Mrs. Nutt holds credentials of having taught with success in the Earl of Leioestor's family in England. She also has a certifícalo from M. Boulanger, testifying her ability to "impart a sound musical education;" and she was three years a pupil in a first-class sohool in Paris . . .

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", Empire (23 August 1862), 6

FRIDAY. BOULANGER V. NUTT. Elizabeth Nutt appeared, on the information of Kate Boulanger, charged with having unlawfully assaulted and beaten the complainant on the 7th August. Kate Boulanger swore: . . . [the defendant, Nutt] keeps a school in Lyon's-terrace; my husband lives in her house; I heard he was going to leave the colony, and as I did not wish to take out warrant for him, I called on him there . . . case dismissed.

BOULANGER V. BOULANGER. Edward Boulanger appeared on the information of Kate Boulanger, his wife, charged with having on the 8th August, at Lyons-terrace, unlawfully assaulted and beaten her . . . Defendant fined 60s and costs of court.

NUTT V. BOULANGER. Kate Boulanger appeared on information of Elizabeth Nutt, charged with having unlawfully assaulted and beaten her on the 7th August . . . Mr. Boulanger has a music class in my school; he and his wife lived in my house ten or eleven days; I have no ill-feeling to Mrs. Boulanger; sent her money for her and her mother to come up from Melbourne . . . Defendant fined 20s and costs of court.

NUTT V. BOULANGER. Kate Boulanger appeared on information of Elizabeth Nutt, charging her with threatening to murder her, and praying that the said Kate Boulanger may be restrained . . . Case dismissed.

BOULANGER V. BOULANGER. Kate Boulanger appeared upon information by Edward Boulanger, her husband, with having unlawfully assaulted him on the 7th August . . . Case dismissed.

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT. 'NUTS TO CRACK'; OR, 'SCENES IN A SEMINARY'", Bell's Life in Sydney and Sporting Chronicle (23 August 1862), 3 

Bibliography and resources:

The Meridian: The Hendersons voyage to Australia 

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