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A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–XYZ

Dr GRAEME SKINNER (University of Sydney)


To cite this:

Graeme Skinner (University of Sydney), "A biographical register of Australian colonial musical personnel–XYZ", Australharmony (an online resource toward the history of music and musicians in colonial and early Federation Australia):; accessed 16 September 2019

- X -


(Ann; Mrs. XIMENES; Mrs. Henry Cockburn Milne XIMENES)


- Y -

YARNTON, George Swinnerton

Amateur church musician, solicitor

Born c. 1814; ? London, 30 January 1814 (son of William YARNTON and Maria TUGWELL)
Active Sydney, NSW, by 1836
Died Surry Hills, NSW, 17 April 1883, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

YARNTON, George William

Organist, choirmaster (St. Stephen's Macquarie Street, 1883-1890), ironmonger, composer

Born Newtown, NSW, 1842
Died Newtown, NSW, 1912 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

Summary (after Peter Meyer, 2011):

George William was born in Newtown in 1842. In 1863, George William Yarnton & Co, Ironmongers had premises at 44 Market Street. He was organist at St John's, Ashfield (1869-78) where he then lived, and entered the first Sydney Organ Competition just before his thirtieth birthday in 1872. In 1889 he was elected secretary of the Summer Hill Choral Union at its foundation. He advertised for sale a Richard Lipp piano in 1887, but it seems not to have been sold, because it was listed in his deceased estate in 1912. In 1902 he claimed the qualification ALCM (Associate of the London College of Music). In 1904 Yarnton attended the civic welcome for the famous blind British organist, Alfred Hollins.


"To the Editor", The Australian (7 October 1836), 2

SIR, - With reference to an article in your paper of Tuesday last respecting an Oratorio Ticket, alledged to have been obtained by me in a clandestine manner, I beg leave to state that this is not the fact, but I had one given to me by an intimate friend of G. S. Yarntons, (a clerk in Mr. O'Riley's office) and that on the following morning the money was offered him and refused, but has since been paid to the Committee ... I am, Sir, your most obedient Servant, G. S. BUCKLAND.

"THE AUSTRALIAN PSALMIST", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 September 1856), 8

The first part of the "Australian Psalmist," a collection of Psalm and Hymn tunes, edited by Mr. G. S. Yarnton, has just been published by Messrs. Johnson and Co. We annex the editor's preface, which fully explains the nature and objects of the work: The editor of this small Tune Book has, during many years, been deeply interested in sacred music - he attaches a very high value to the exercise of praise as a part of public worship - in his opinion, nothing can atone for its absence, or for its inefficient performance, indeed, the whole of the service must be comparatively spiritless without energetic and effective singing. These remarks are obvious, and require no confirmation. The editor may be asked, "why issue another book of tunes, since there are so many now in existence which are acknowledged to be excellent?" His reply is, that some of these books are in advance of most of our ordinary congregations, and that it is not easy to find in any one book tunes suitable for the numerous peculiar metres found in several of the Hymn Books. The editor thought that he could select from various sources a limited number of tunes which would meet the necessities of any ordinary congregation, and (besides a few short anthems, and some chaunts) it did not seem to him that more than about a hundred, including peculiar metres, were called for. He intends to avoid tunes containing fugue passages, as not consistent with the simplicity and solemnity of public worship, and as otherwise objectionable. Should this humble attempt to pro- mote the cultivation and improvement of the "Service of Song in the House of the Lord" be successful, his object will be secured. He submits his little work to the candour of the Christian public and to the blessing of God.

"THE AUSTRALIAN PSALMIST", Freeman's Journal (27 September 1856), 3

The first part of the "Australian Psalmist," a collection of Psalm and Hymn tunes, edited by Mr. G. S. Yarnton, has just been published by Messrs. Johnson and Co.

"ORGAN CONTEST AT THE EXHIBITION BUILDING", The Sydney Morning Herald (14 May 1872), 3

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 April 1883), 1

April 17, at the residence of his wife's mother, 213, Goulburn-street, Surry Hills, George Swinnerton Yarnton, solicitor.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 June 1883), 6 

IN THE INSOLVENT ESTATS OF GEORGE W. YARNTON, of Markey-street, Sydney, Ironmonger ...

"ST. STEPHEN'S PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 September 1888), 4

"TOWN HALL ORGAN RECITAL", The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1898), 6

The request number look the form of G. W. Yarnton's "Sunset Melody," a sweet and dreamy piece, in which the vox humana and reed combinations were largely employed.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 January 1912), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1912), 14

Bibliography and resources:

YARRINGTON, William Henry Hazell (W. H. H. YARRINGTON)

Anglican priest, poet, songwriter

Born Norwich, Norfolk, England, 4 July 1839
Died Mosman, NSW, 11 April 1922

Summary (after AustLit with additions):

Son of a book-binder and milliner, William Yarrington arrived in Australia with his parents as a child. He was ordained deacon in 1870, and priest in 1872, and served in the Balranald, Yass, West Maitland, and Burwood, where he retired in 1909. In 1902, if not earlier, he circulated words and music for his collection of Australian Christmas carols.


[News], The Daily Telegraph (13 December 1902), 8 

We have received a booklet containing a number of Australian Christmas carols, words and music, the former written by the Rev. W. H. H. Yarrington.

Musical works:

Australian Christmas carols by W. H. Yarrington ([Sydney]: [?]. [? 1902]) 

Music for Australian Christmas carols words by Rev. W. H. H. Yarrington ([Sydney]: Christian World Print, [? 1902]) 

Bibliography and resources:

"W. H. H. Yarrington", AustLit 




Musician, trumpeter, bandmaster

Active Angaston, SA, 1860


"ANGASTON", Adelaide Observer (30 June 1860), 4 

The members of the volunteer rifle corps muster for drill every Monday and Friday afternoon at 4 o'clock, and on Friday evenings at 7, and are daily expecting the arrival of their uuiforms and rifles. Mr. Yates, the leader of the Angaston brass band, and once a musician in an English militia regiment, acts as trumpeter to the company, and sound the calls in true military style.


Indigenous singer, ? songmaker

Born c.1774/5
Departed Sydney, NSW, 11 December 1792 (per Atlantic, for England) \
Died Eltham, Kent, England, 18 May 1794, aged c.19



Eltham Parish Church, Kent, England, burial register, 21 May 1794

May 21. Yemmorravonyea Kebarrah, a Native of New South Wales, died May 18 1794, supposed to be aged 19 years, at the house of Mr Edward Kent.

Bibliography and resources:

"IN MEMORY OF YEMMERRAWANNIE", The Register (24 April 1914), 12

Jack Brook, "The forlorn hope: Bennelong and Yemmerrawannie go to England", Australian Aboriginal Studies (2001/1), 36-47  

Musical works:

See A song of the natives of New South Wales (London, 1793)

YORK, John (senior)

Musical instrument maker

Born Tipton (near Birmingham), Staffordshire, England, 1834
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 17 February 1884 (per S.S. Duke of Sutherland, from London)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 1898

YORK, John (junior)

Musical instrument maker, bandmaster

Arrived Sydney, NSW, August 1885
Died Sydney, 5 January 1910, aged 51

YORK, Thomas

Musical instrument maker


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 January 1884), 16 

MUSICAL INSTRUMENT MAKER (Brass), - The Advertiser, who will arrive in Sydney per the s.s. Duke of Sutherland, due about the 15th January, will be glad to place his services at the disposal of anyone requiring such in the above trade. Letters to be addressed to John York, general Post Office, till called for.

"SHIPPING", The Sydney Morning Herald (21 February 1884), 12 

"The Parramatta Model Band", The Cumberland Argus (26 October 1895), 4

An interesting presentation in connection with the Parramatta Model Band, took place on Saturday evening, when Mr. John York, junior, of Regent street, Sydney, was presented with an illuminated address from the band in recognition of the assistance he had at various times rendered. The address was a masterpiece from the brush of Mr. A. Tetley, of Granville. In one corner was a representation of the little bandstand in Alfred Square, and opposite was a lyre and at the top of the scroll were several bars of the music of "He's a Jolly Good Fellow." The address read as follows: - "To John York, junior, Sydney. Dear sir, we, the members of the Parramatta Model Band, recognising the many favors we have been the recipients of from you, our generous benefactor, have much pleasure in tendering our sincerest thanks for the great assistance you have from time to time placed at our disposal, with that unselfish and open hand and heart which denote the true philanthropist. It is our earnest desire that you may continue to be encompassed with health, happiness, and every success in business. Signed on behalf of the Parramatta Model Band, R. Albury, hon. Sec., October 19, 1895." On leaving the train at Redfern the band struck up and played up to Mr. York's door. Then the presentation was made by Bandmaster O'Shea and the recipient feelingly responded. The visitors were then escorted to Mr. York's band-room where they spent a merry evening. The presentation was arranged on the quiet, and Mr. York was completely taken by surprise.

[Advertisement], The Age (22 April 1898), 8 

BRASS Musical Instrument Maker; all kinds bought, sold, exchanged. Original John York, 23 Madeline-st., Carlton.

"DEATHS", Evening News (5 January 1910), 6 

YQRK.- January 5, 1910, at his residence, 53 George Street west, City. John York, Brass Musical Instrument Maker, dearly loved husband of Elizabeth Ann York, aged 51 years.

"ABOUT PEOPLE", The Sunday Sun (9 January 1910), 12 

Mr. John York, the well-known maker and repairer of brass musical instruments, died during the week. Mr. York was an identity of George-street west, and was associated with brass bands all over the State.

Bibliography and resources:

Andrew Evans, "Playing on: John York and the Sydney Brass Musical Instrument Factory", Sydney Journal 4/1 (2013), 66-85 (DIGITISED)


Bass vocalist, choir singer

Active Launceston, VDL (TAS), 1848


"EASTER FESTIVAL", The Cornwall Chronicle (26 April 1838), 2 

The most attractive entertainment in the District, on Monday, was the Grand Festival, at the new building near St. Joseph's Church, intended for the use of the Catholic Schools. It having been intimated that, in addition to the "creature comforts" provided for the occasion, there would be a treat of no ordinary character for the votaries of good music - vocal and instrumental - and that the profits of the Festival would be devoted to the School Building Fund ... During the evening, there was likewise a pleasing variety of vocal performances, which elicited much applause ... Mr. Yorkey's bass solo, "the Wolf," was deservedly encored. His powers of intonation are well-known, and he must be a very serviceable member of St. Joseph's choir. In the several glees, too, Mr. Yorkey, as also a little boy (McIvre) [McIver] of very promising musical talent, rendered valuable assistance. "The Red Cross Knights," "Of all the Brave Birds," and a glee and chorus "Come unto those Yellow Sands," were sung in a very pleasing style, as was also the finale, "God save the Queen." Mr. Leffler presided at the piano-forte, with his accustomed ability ...

YOUNG, Mrs. (? Rebecca CASH; ? Mrs. R. B. YOUNG)


Active Adelaide, SA, 1853-54 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Mrs. Young herself gave a concert in Adelaide in July 1854, and appeared as a pianist on several other occasions, before giving her "farewell" concert in late December 1854. Press documentation gives no clear indication of her identity, except to suggest some connection with the family of governor Henry Young, who also farewelled Adelaide (for Hobart) late in 1854. Arguing against this, her address is given in December as Wakefield-street; Robert Buller Young and his wife Rebecca Cash lived at that address in 1854, and a letter for "Mrs. Robert Buller Young" was among unclaimed mail early in 1855. Robert Buller Young had been appointed a clerk in the Assay office early in 1852. He and his wife settled in Ceylon, where she died in 1872.


[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (14 April 1853), 4 

"MADAME CRANZ'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (16 April 1853), 3 

. . . The Concert commenced with a pianoforte version of Weber's Jubilee Overture, arranged for four hands, which was done, full justice to by Mrs. Young, a debutante, and M. Linger. The effects of this brilliant composition cannot be properly rendered on the pianoforte at any time, and in this instance the particular instrument used, was by no means a good one . . .

"MR. O'REILLY'S LECTURE", South Australian Register (19 April 1854), 2 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (10 July 1854), 2 

"MRS. YOUNG'S CONCERT", Adelaide Times (20 July 1854), 3 

The lovers of good music had on Tuesday a treat which they have not enjoyed since the days of Ellard and Wallace; and we were delighted to see that a crowded audience had assembled in anticipation of it. We had had the Overtures to Tancredi and Fra Diavolo over and over again, ad nauseam, and hailed the performance of the noble Overture to Don Juan as the prelude to something of a higher class than we have lately heard. We were not disappointed; it was followed by the delicious air from La Clemenza di Tito, sung by Madame Cranz to Mr Linger's accompaniment, in the true spirit of the composer. The novelties of the evening were the selections from a piece entitled "Der Kampf mit dem Drachen," a dramatic poem of Korner, which Mr. Linger has set to exquisite music. Mr. Linger is a zealous disciple of Mozart, and having said that his melodies lost nothing by following two of the favourite productions of his great master, it is unnecessary to add more to their commendation. The overture, brilliant and rich in harmony, was beautifully played by himself and Mrs Young. The voices of Madame Cranz and Mr. Daniels blended sweetly in the duet, and if the scena lost anything of its effect, it was from the evident nervourness of Madame Cranz, consideration for which alone prevented an encore. The great ease and absence of "thump" in Mrs Young's execution imparts a peculiar charm to her play ing, but we could have wished that she had chosen some less hackneyed piece for its display then Kerry's "Non pin mesta." Messrs MacCallagh and Chapman performed two pieces on cornopeans, which were warmly and deservedly applauded. Miss Pettman's song, "You'll meet me" was encored, for what particular merit, either in the singing or composition, we did not understand. A pupil of Mr. Linger's, Miss Rowe, who made her debut, as a pianiste, gave considerable and satisfactory proof of her own cleverness and of the excellence of her teacher's system of tuition. Sir Henry and Lady Young were present, and the room was crowded by those of our citizens who generally congregate on occasions where good music is to be listened to, and a beneficent purpose effected.

"MRS. YOUNG'S CONCERT. TO THE EDITOR", South Australian Register (20 July 1854), 3 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (31 August 1854), 1 

SACRED CONCERT . . . The VOCAL CONCERT of SACRED MUSIC in aid of the WAR RELIEF FUND, will be held in Freeman-street Chapel on WEDNESDAY EVENING, the 6th September . . . Pianists - Mrs. Young and F. S. Dutton, Esq., M.L.C. Conductor - Mr. J. W. Daniel . . .

"GRAND EVENING CONCERT", Adelaide Times (12 October 1854), 3 

. . . The solo on the pianoforte, "La Pluie de Perles," by Mrs. Young, was a performance of great merit. The unpretending and graceful style of this lady's execution, while thoroughly effective, possesses a pleasing attraction which more florid, but less meritorious performances, will never gain . . .

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (22 December 1854), 1 

[Advertisement], Adelaide Times (29 December 1854), 1 

THIS EVENING. CHRISTMAS WEEK. - MRS YOUNG'S FAREWELL CONCERT. Under the Patronage of his Excellency the Acting Governor and Lady. Mrs YOUNG begs to announce to her friends and the inhabitants of Adelaide and its vicinity, that her FAREWELL CONCERT will take place at Green's New Exchange, on Friday, December 29th. The performance to commence at half-past 7. Tickets 5s., reserved seats 8s.; to be had at Platt's, Howell's, Wigg's, the Secretary of the New Exchange, and of Mrs. Young, Wakefield street.
1. Overture - Barbiere de Seviglia - Rossini.
2. Song - Madaline - Miss Chaker - Nelson.
3. Song - Wellineton - Mr. J. W. Daniel.
4. Solo Piano - Sonata Pathetique - Beethoven.
5. Song - The Old Arm Chair - Miss Pettman - Russell.
6. Duet - Miss Chalker and Mr. J. W. Daniel.
7. Solo, Harp - Polka Nationale - Miss Howe - Bochsa.
8. Song - An Angel Bright - Miss Pettman - Donizetti.
9. Waltz - The Fairest of the Fair - Orchestra.
10. Surprise - Orchestra - Haydn.
11. Song - Albion the Gem of the Sea - Mr. J. W. Daniel.
12. Song - I Love the Merry Sunshine - Miss Chalker - Glover.
13. Solo, Piano - Valse Brilliants la Fete de la Reine - Mrs. Young - H. B. Richards.
14. Song - Remember Thee - Miss Pettman - McKinlay.
15. Solo, Harp - Vivi tu - arranged by H. Horn.
16. Song - Miss Chalker.
17. Song - As if you did'nt know - Miss Pettman - Phillips.
18. Galop - Orchestra -

YOUNG, Charles (Charles Frederick YOUNG; Charles YOUNG; Charles Horace Frisbee YOUNG; Mr. YOUNG)

Dancer, vocalist, comedian

Born Doncaster, England, 5 April 1819 [elsewhere 1823]
Arrived Hobart, VDL (TAS), by October 1843 (? 23 September, per Sir John Byng, from Sydney)
Married Jane Eliza THOMSON, Holy Trinity, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 6 June 1845
Died Woolloomooloo, NSW, 29 January 1874 (NLA persistent identifier) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

YOUNG, Jane Eliza (Jane Elizabeth THOMSON; Miss THOMSON; Mrs. Charles YOUNG; Mrs. Jane VEZIN)

Dancer, actor

Born Bath, Somerset, England, 24 February 1829 (daughter of George THOMSON and Martha Mary THOMSON; elder sister of Eliza THOMSON)
Arrived Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1837 (with parents)
Married (1) Charles YOUNG, Holy Trinity, Launceston, VDL (TAS), 6 June 1845
Departed Australia, 1857
Died (suicide) Margate, England, 17 April 1902 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

YOUNG, Emma (Miss Emma YOUNG; Miss YOUNG)

= Emma ROGERS (Mrs. G. H. ROGERS; sister of Charles YOUNG above)

YOUNG, Fanny (Mrs. George Washington DANIELS)

Actor, vocalist

Born England, ? c. 1840
Died San Francisco, USA, 6 October 1908, aged 67 [sic] (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


The ABD (Rutledge 1976 below) incorrectly has it that our Miss (Jane) Thomson was born in VDL, misidentifying her with her younger sister Eliza Thomson. Some later colonial and early 20th-century accounts occasionally confuse the Youngs (above) with the Younges (arrived 1858).


[Advertisement], The Courier (12 January 1841), 1 

ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE ... on Saturday, the 16th instant, when will be produced (for the first time in this colony) the highly wrought Drama from the pen of J. T. Haines, Esq., author of My Poll and My Partner Joe, &c, called THE OCEAN OF LIFE. In which Mrs. George Thompson, from the Theatre Royal, Sydney, will make her third appearance this season; and Miss Thompson, from the same, will make her first appearance ...

"MR. JONES'S BENEFIT" & "VICTORIA THEATRE", Colonial Times (8 February 1845), 3 

On Thursday evening, Mr. Young took his Benefit to a good house. The performances went off well and with spirit, and everybody seemed pleased and highly amused. Young's Nigger song of Clar de Kitchen was admirable, and is the best "hit" in the song way we have yet witnessed here. Young's black fellows are, truly, inimitable, and, indeed, his acting generally is highly creditable. The Highland fling was capitally danced by Miss Thomson and Mr. Young, the Piper playing with his accustomed ability, and adding greatly to the illusion and even the harmony of the scene. May we enquire how it was that Miss J. Thomson had not a stripe of Tartan in her dress? This omission we hope will be rectified on Monday, when she dances with her younger sister. So far as the Benefits have proceeded, we are glad to find that they have been well patronised; and as the whole corps deserves reward, we sincerely hope those yet to come will experience similar good fortune.

1845, marriages solemnized in the district of Launceston; Tasmanian names index; NAME_INDEXES:832839; RGD37/1/4 no 2016 

"MARRIED", The Cornwall Chronicle (7 June 1845), 2

"PANTHEON WARD", The Courier (26 September 1846), 3

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (17 November 1846), 1

DANSE LA POLKA . . . MR. & MRS. YOUNG feel great pleasure in announcing to the Ladies, Gentlemen, and Families of Hobart Town, &c, that they have just received from Mr. BARON NATHAN, (one of the most eminent professors of Dancing in London) a complete and accurate analysis of the last new POLKA COTILLON and QUADRILLES, the whole of which (in addition to the original POLKA) will be taught at their Establishment; as also will the NEW BOHEMIAN POLKA, "REDOWA" and "KALAMAIKA" . . . those who may honour them with their patronage, they may rely with confidence upon being taught the TRUE POLKA, precisely in the same style as it is now danced by the elite of England and France in the saloons of London and Paris. "Dancing contributes in a most essential degree to the preservation of health. Children weak and feeble in limb, will by this exercise imperceptibly acquire new vigour; on the other hand, when the pupil is healthy and strong, the practice of dancing will retain and encrease his strength. The early moulding of the body to the most polished attitudes, lends to youth the graceful carriage of mature age; and ease of manners once attained in early life, it is impossible to lose in after years." . . .

[Advertisement], Colonial Times (25 February 1848), 1

"THE THEATRE", The Argus (11 May 1849), 2

Two additional stars have this week been added to the list, in the persons of Mr. and Mrs. Young, who left many favorable impressions here during their former visit in Coppin's days. They have both undergone a very marked improvement since then, however, and now combine talents as dancers, which are quite refreshing after the way in which we have been dosed with the Chambers family, with a proficiency in light comedy parts, which we have rarely seen equalled in votaries of Terpsichore.

"BILLY BARLOW AND THE COUNCIL", The Melbourne Daily News (14 November 1849), 2 

On Monday evening Mr. Young, in the character of "Billy Barlow", gave a most humorous description of the late elections, and "touched up" the clique inimitably. "Mr. Nosey" and "Music" [? William Clarke] had it hot and strong. The commentary excited roars of laughter and was loudly encored. The composition of the song (Mr. Young's own) was remarkably good ...

"VICTORIA THEATRE", The Courier (27 July 1850), 2

1861 English census, Middlesex, Clerkenwell, St. james, Goswell Street

31 Goswell Street / Mary Thomson / Head / 61 / Retired actress / [born] Glasgow, Scotland
Jane Young / Dau. / 39 / Actress / [born] Bath, Somersetshire ...
Isabella Young / Grand Dau. / 12 / Scholar / [born] Australia ...

"DEATH OF MR. CHAS. YOUNG", The Argus (30 January 1874), 6

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 January 1874), 1

"DEATH OF MR. CHARLES YOUNG", The Mercury (4 February 1874), 3

"THE LATE CHARLES YOUNG, COMEDIAN", Illustrated Sydney News (28 February 1874), 10

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (10 March 1874), 1 

TO THE THEATRICAL PROFESSION, &c.- For SALE, the LIBRARY, consisting of 700 Standard Plays, Munuscript and other music, of the late Charles Young, comedian. Apply Museum Hotel, Woolloomooloo.

"ABOUT PEOPLE", The Age (5 June 1902), 4 

Comparatively few playgoers in Melbourne will remember Mrs. Hermann Vezin, who has just died, at an advanced age, at Margate, in Kent, of grief, it is said, occasioned by the loss of her only daughter by her first husband. She was a native of Tasmania, and as Miss Thompson took to the stage in very early life and acquired some local celebrity as a dancer. A lad named Charles Young, who had been call boy at the Surrey Theatre, in Southwark, engaged himself as cabin boy on board a vessel bound to Hobart, where he remained, and, obtaining employment in the theatre there, eventually developed into a most capable and versatile actor. He fell in love with Miss Thompson, who was only fourteen at the time, and not long afterwards the very young couple married. She, too, became an exceedingly clever actress, and when Mr. George Coppin was organising a company for Melbourne, he engaged the two Youngs, her mother and her brother-in-law, Mr. Rogers, the Farren of the Australian stage, and they all made their first apppcarance in this city at the Queen's Theatre, now a factory, in Queen-street. This was in June, 1845, when three pieces, one of them The Lady of Lyons, two songs and three dances, were given in the same evening. Mrs. Charles Young rose very rapidly in her profession, and in parts like Cclia and Hero, Pauline Deschapelles, Helen in the Hunchback, Herminie in Love's Sacrifice, and the Dot of Charles Dickens, she was truly admirable. She remained in Australia until the year 1857, when she repaired to England, where she made for herself a leading position on the London stage, and was ranked as tlie equal of Miss Ellen Terry in Shakspearian parts. She afterwards married Mr. Hermann Vezin, the celebrated actor, and on her retirement from the theatre, she engaged in the work of teaching the art of which she had become so accomplished an exponent to young beginners in her own profession.

"MUSIC AND DRAMA", The Sydney Mail and New South Wales Advertiser (7 June 1902), 1450 

The English mail brought news of the death of Mrs. Herman Vezin, wife of the well-known actor, and herself a notable and highly esteemed figure of the English stage, from active performance on which she retired 25 years ago. As Mrs. Charles Young she was well known to Australian theatregoers, and was immensely popular. The dramatic critic of "The Sphere" says that "Mrs. Vezin" obtained much praise in Australia as a player of serious parts before making her first appearance in London. This was so long ago as September 15, 1857, when she acted Julia in "The Hunchback," at Sadler's Wells ...

"DEATHS", San Francisco Call (9 October 1908), 13 

YOUNG - In this city, October 6, 1908, Fanny Young, beloved mother of George J. Daniels, Charles H. Daniels, Mrs. Helen House of New York and tbe late Mrs. V. Mott Pierce of Buffalo, N. Y., a native of England, aged 67 . . .

Bibliography and resources:

"THE MELBOURNE STAGE IN THE FORTIES. By J. S. No. IV.", The Argus (7 June 1890), 4




Martha Rutledge, "Young, Charles Frederick Horace Frisby (1819-1874)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Gyger 1999

YOUNG, Florence

Soprano vocalist, actor

Born Melbourne, VIC, 2 October 1870
Died Melbourne, VIC, 11 November 1920 (NLA persistent identifier)


? "JUVENILE PANTOMIME", Bendigo Advertiser (20 January 1881), 2

"MELBOURNE LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (8 July 1890), 6

"MISS FLORENCE YOUNG. Her Death Announced", The Argus (12 November 1920), 6

"THE LATE FLORENCE YOUNG", The Daily News (18 November 1920), 3

Bibliography and resources:

Joan Maslen, "Young, Florence Maude (1870-1920)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

YOUNG, Jacob

Bandsman (Burton's Band); musician band-master (German Band)

Active SA and VIC, 1856-58 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MOUNT BARKER", South Australian Register (7 November 1856), 3

Jacob Young, Jacob Dune, Conrad Sander, Heinrich Sodenbout, Carl Leonhardt, Daniel Miller, and Christian Prothenback, known as "Burton's Band," appeared to answer the complaint of Mr. Henry Burton, for that they, having contracted to serve the said Henry Burton as musicians, and having entered into his service, "did neglect and refuse to fulfil the same." Henry Burton, sworn, said the defendants, who had played for him in Victoria, were engaged by his agent to play for him in Adelaide and South Australia at £16 per week, their own terms (agreement put in and acknowledged). That the day before the Circus left Port Adelaide, after they had received their week's wages, £16 (receipt put in), they said they would not go into the country with witness, unless he paid them £3 per week extra ...

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (11 December 1856), 1 

Consisting of Seven Musicians, Have the honour to announce that they intend to give a GRAND ORCHESTRAL CONCERT, Which will take place
On TUESDAY EVENING, December 16,
On which occasion the undermentioned masterpieces will be performed:-
1. Grand March, from the Opera of the "Prophet" - Meyerbeer.
2. Cavatina, from "Robert le Diable" - Meyerbeer.
3. The Anglesey Waltz - H. Pfingsten.
4. The Artillery Gallop - Charles Coote.
5. Cavatina, from the Opera "Lucrezia Borgia" - Donizetti.
6. Mount Blanc Polka (with Echo and Variations for Clarionette) - Jullien.
7. The Queen of Roses Waltz - D'Albert.
An intermission of ten minutes.
1. Quadrille, from "La Sonnambula" - Bellini.
2. Potpouri, from the Opera of "Der Freischutz" - Weber.
3. The Princess Royal Waltz
4. Our Polka (great Variation for the Cornet-a-piston)
5. Potpouri from the Opera "Wilhelm Tell" - Rossini.
C. The Great Exhibition Quadrille - Jullien.
Containing the French and other National Airs, and concluding with the National Anthem.
Conductor - J. Young.
Admission. - Reserved Seats, 5s. : Back Seats, 3s.
Tickets to be had of Mr. White, at the Assembly Rooms; at Messrs. Hillier's, Platts's, at the Hotel Europe, and at the Napoleon Bonaparte Hotel. Doors open at half-past 7, Concert to commence at 8 o'clock precisely.

"POLICE. CITY COURT", The Argus (21 July 1858), 1s

Charles Schlue was charged with stealing two shirts, the property of his employer, a German musician named Jacob Young, living at North Melbourne. The prisoner was one of a German band, and the prosecutor, on the previous night, had locked him up in a room, in consequence of his being drunk, and unable to play his part ...

YOUNG, James

Parish clerk

Born NSW, 17 October 1803
Died Auckland, NZ, 24 February 1867


Census of NSW, November 1828 (Sainty and Johnson 1985)

Young, James, 26, born in the colony, Protestant, parish clerk, St James. Castlereagh Street Sydney
Young, Mary. 24, born in the colony
Young, George, 4, born in the colony
Young, Emmeline Layton, 1, born in the colony

[News], The Sydney Monitor (17 March 1829), 3


Musician, harpist

Active Melbourne, VIC, 1856; Sydney, NSW, 1857


[Advertisement], The Argus (29 March 1856), 10

TILKES CITY HOTEL. Bourke street. A GRAND SELECTION Of Vocal and Instrumental Music, (Solo and Concerted) Will be given Every Evening in the New Splendid Music Saloon of the above Hotel by an efficient company. The following artistes will have the honor of appearing - VOCALISTS: Mr. J. W. Morgan, the eminent basso; Madame D. Butler, the celebrated soprano; Mr. Frank Martin, tenor; INSTRUMENTALISTS: Violin, Mr. Clifford; Flute, Mr. Foote; Harp, Mr. J. Young; Concertina, Mr. George Clifford; Pianoforte, Mr. E. J. Piper. Commence at Eight o'clock.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 July 1856), 1 

CONCERT, CONCERT. - Great Attraction. - Lovers of harmony should pay a visit to Mr. TOOGOOD'S, Rainbow Tavern, and hear those unrivalled musicians Messrs. YOUNG and CLIFFORD, on the harp, concertina, and violin, every evening, together with a variety of sentimental and comic singing in character. Admission free. Commence at 7 o'clock.

"CENTRAL POLICE COURT", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 September 1857), 4

Thomas Dwyer was found guilty of having wilfully and maliciously broken a harp, the property of John Young. It appeared that complainant is an itinerant musician, and was last night exercising his vocation in Bathurst-street, when defendant asked him for a certain tune, with which he was accommodated; he then asked for another, which complainant declined to play, whereupon Dwyer said that he would smash his harp, and at the same time gave it a severe kick which broke off a portion, to repair which will require at least £5.

Bibliography and resources:

Hallo 2014, 109 


Musician, music teacher, tonic sol-fa instructor

Born London, England, 1846
Arrived Adelaide, SA, 1882 (per Chimbrazo)
Died Adelaide, SA, 26 December 1915


"MR. JOHN YOUNG", Observer (1 January 1916), 25 

YOUNG, Robert Bentley (R. Bentley YOUNG)

Editor of hymnbook, journalist, agent

Born, baptised Bradford, Yorkshire, England, 27 March 1860 (son of Robert Newton YOUNG)
Active Australia, 1891-92; 1902
Died London, England, 9 November 1946 (NLA persistent identifier)


"CHURCH MUSIC", South Australian Register (4 March 1892), 5

"NEW MUSIC", The Argus (14 March 1892), 7

We have received from the compiler, Mr. R. Bentley Young, an interesting collection of 78 Australian hymn tunes, already, we are informed, largely used in Australian churches and Sunday schools, and deserving to become widely and favourably known. We append the names of the composers, many of whom are well known to our readers, they are as follow - Sir W. C. Robinson G.C.M.G., the Rev. D. H. Ellis, B.D., LLD, Mus Bac., the Rev. Dr. Torrance, Professor J. Ives, Mus Bac, Messrs Neville G. Barnett, F Y. Benham, Colin A. F. Campbell, W. Bowen Chinner, Seymour Dicker, Charles Eyres, George Herbert, T. H. Jones, Geo. F. King, Henry J. King, Guglielmo Lardelli, V. Lloyd, John Massey, Ernest E. Mitchell, W. Sanders, Cecil J. Sharp, and T. N. Stephens. The collection is published by Novello, Ewer, and Co.

"CHURCH INTELLIGENCE", South Australian Chronicle (19 March 1892), 9

"Australian Hymn Tunes", Australian Town and Country Journal (14 May 1892), 10

"DRAMATIC NOTES", The Register (22 February 1902), 9

Musical works:

Seventy-eight Australian hymn tunes, compiled by R. Bentley Young (London: Novello, Ewer and Co., n.d. [1891]) (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

YOUNGE, Emma Jane (Emma Jane CORRI; Mrs. Frederick YOUNGE)

Vocalist, actor

Born Dublin, 1832; baptised St. Mary's, Dublin, 27 December 1832 (daughter of Haydn CORRI)
Married (1) Frederick Younge, St. Mark's, Dublin, Ireland, 19 December 1852
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, February 1858
Departed Melbourne, May 1865
Married (2) James Gardner, Deal, Kent, England, 21 December 1875
1891 UK census, living at Loughborough, England

YOUNGE, Frederick George

Comic vocalist, actor

Born ? (son of Richard YOUNGE)
Died Brockley Whins, County Durham, England, 6 December 1870 (in a railway crash) (NLA persistent identifier)


Emma and Frederick Younge arrived in Melbourne in early 1858. At the Theatre Royal in June, Mrs. Younge introduced a "new Railway Song, Rosin the beau written by Mr. Charles Bright for this occasion", and her husband sang "A New Song to an Old Tune, written expressly for this evening, by Mr. W. M. Akhurst". At a theatrical benefit in aid of the United Fire Fighter's fund in October 1858, Mrs F. Younge, "surrounded by the brigades in full uniform", introduced THE FIREMAN'S SONG, Composed for the occasion".


[News], Dublin Morning Register (11 April 1837), 3

We are not aware of precocious talent having ever arrived in greater perfection that it had in the little star of this evening at the Theatre Royal, Miss Emma Jane Corri, only 3 1/2 years old, who will sing "My Beautiful Rhine" ...

"VICTORIA", The Courier (12 February 1858), 2

Amongt the passengers by the Norfolk are Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Younge, the former a brother of Mr. Richard Younge, stage manager of the Theatre Royal ... Mr. Frederick Younge, whoso theatrical career at Drury Lane and Sadler's Wells has deservedly rendered him a favourite with the London public, will prove a most valuable acquisition to the Melbourne boards. - Melbourne Herald.

[Advertisement], The Argus (14 June 1858), 8

[Advertisement], The Argus (28 October 1858), 8

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (14 April 1859), 5 

The attractions of "La Traviata" and the indisputable claims of M. Emile Coulon to the most favorable consideration of the musical community, last night filled the Theatre Royal in every part, and procured for the dress circle almost unexampled brilliancy. Making every allowance for the difficulties attending the production of the opera, in consequence of the dispersion of most of the members of the old company, "La Traviata" was placed on the stage with reasonable completeness and success. The principal parts were sustained by Miss Octavia Hamilton (Violetta Valery), Mrs. F. Younge (Alfred Germont), and M. Emile Coulon (George Grermont). To Miss Hamilton it is due to state that, considering her imperfect knowledge of the stage, she was eminently successful in her impersonation, while to Mrs. F. Younge credit is equally assignable for the adroit manner in which she sustained a part wholly unsuited to the character of her voice. The chorus was necessarily thin, especially in the soprano parts. The band was full and effective, and the conduct of the whole devolved upon Herr Siede, whose abilities in this line have never been properly known or appreciated. At the close of the performance, Mr. F. Younge announced that on Saturday evening the opera would be repeated, for the benefit of Miss Octavia Hamilton.

"THE NEWS OF THE DAY", The Age (15 April 1859), 5 

Mr. and Mrs. Heir took their benefit at the Theatre Royal last evening, before a moderately full house ... The evening's amusements concluded with the musical farce of "The Waterman," in which Mrs. F. Younge, Mr. F. Younge, and Mr. T. S. Bellair, sang with capital effect the music incidental to the piece.

"DEATH OF MR. HAYDN CORRI", Bendigo Advertiser (15 May 1860), 3

[reprints obituary from Era, 25th February] ... [Mr. Corri was the father of Mrs. Frederick Younge, who is at present performing at the Lycum Theatre.]

[Advertisement], The Age (24 September 1860), 1 

MR. FREDERICK YOUNGE'S BENEFIT. THIS EVENING, Monday, 24th September ... A MUSICAL MELANGE, By Miss Octavia Hamilton, Mrs. Frederick Younge, Mr. Walter Sherwin, and Mons. Emile Coulon. Irish Ballad - "Kitty Tyrrell," Mrs. F. Younge ...

"BENEFIT OF MRS. FREDERICK YOUNGE", The Sydney Morning Herald (22 August 1862), 5

"THEATRICALS", Freeman's Journal (25 February 1863), 4 

THE TEMPERANCE HALL, OR ATHAENEUM. - Mr. and Mrs. Frederick Younge are about to open this Hall as a comfortable theatre. They have engaged a strong company - such a one, we venture to say, as has not been seen in Sydney for some time. Mr. Younge and his wife are a host in themselves; and our Irish friends who have heard their talented countrywoman's singing will readily agree with us that they have never heard a better singer of Irish songs than Mrs. Younge. She has got the exquisite feeling and tenderness that alone can render Irish songs as they ought to be rendered - in their pure and sublime simplicity. In comic songs, she has that delicious brogue that none but a true Irishwoman can possess ...

"MRS. F. YOUNGE'S ENTERTAINMENT", The Sydney Morning Herald (23 January 1864), 4

[News], The Argus (29 April 1865), 5  

"FASHION AND VARIETIES", Freeman's Journal [Dublin] (23 May 1870), 3

Mrs. Frederick Younge, late Miss Corri, who is advertised to sing to-morrow (Tuesday) evening, at Mr. Laurence's concert, is wife to Mr. Frederick Younge, manager of the talented company who performed the comedy of Caste with such great success last week.

"CONCERT AT THE EXHIBITION PALACE", Saunders's News-Letter (25 May 1870), 2

Mr. Lawrence's orchestral concert, which took place last evening at the Exhibition Palace, proved a great success ... Miss Fennell sang "I dreamt I dwelt in marble halls" with much taste, and Mrs. Frederick Younge received deserved applause for the style in which she gave the favourite Irish ballad, "Kitty Tyrrell" ...

"THE LATE MR. FREDERICK YOUNGE", Western Daily Press (9 December 1870), 4

LATE MR FREDERICK YOUNGE. The sad fate this excellent actor whose untimely death have had to deplore, through the disastrous results of the terrible accident which occurred last Tuesday on the line of the North Eastern Railway, has created a very painful sensation. More especially do his professional brethren mourn the withdrawal from their ranks of one who had deservedly gained a prominent position before the public, but whose worth in private life could only appreciated by those with whom he was most intimately associated. It was only on the preceding evening that, as manager of a company Loudon artists, expressly organised for the performance of Mr. T. W. Robertson's comedies the provinces, he had commenced a series of representations at Sunderland; and for Manchester, the next place to be visited on his tour, he was making arrangements at the time. Frederick George Younge was the son of Mr. Richard Younge, an actor who for many years filled with great credit a very responsible position at Drury Lane Theatre, and who died about twenty-four years ago. Mr Frederick Younge's theatrical career may dated from that time. Having played comedy parts with great credit at most of the country theatres, he came to London, and was engaged by Messrs. Phelps and Greenwood for Sadler's Wells, where he made his first appearance August 29, 1849, as the principal grave-digger in "Hamlet." Accepting a lucrative engagement for the colonies, Mr. Frederick Younge remained for several years Australia, where he became highly popular both as actor and manager. Returning to this country in the summer of 1865, he soon after appeared at the Olympic ... As a manager, his conduct earned the respect all with whom he had business relations, and as an actor the finished excellence of a style which was easily marked by freshness of manner and ripeness of judgment never failed to be warmly appreciated by the audience. A perfect gentleman in heart, gallant in his nature, and genial and pleasant to all who knew him, "Fred Younge " will long be remembered with affection by many sincere sorrowing friends.

"FUNERAL of MR. FREDERICK G. YOUNGE", Era (18 December 1870), 11

On the afternoon of the 9th inst. the remains of Mr. Frederick G. Younge, who was killed in the fearful railway catastrophe at Brockley Whins, were interred at the Elswick Cemetery, Newcastle ... The widow of the unfortunate gentleman accompanied by Mr. Frank Younge, one of his brothers, and Mrs. Richard Younge arrived from London shortly afterwards. The grief of the bereaved family circle will be realised by many a sympathising heart, and in respectful silence we pass it by, but the terrible nature of the blow may be imagined from the following incident. The brothers, Messrs. Frederick Richard, and Frank Younge, have for years been separated by wide tracts of sea and land, Australia, England, and America having been the scene of their respective wanderings at different times. About ten days ago Mr. Frank Younge arrived in England from Australia, and for the first time for a very long period the three brothers fonud themselves in England at the same time. To celebrate the occasion it was resolved that during the Christmastide the "Caste" company should be treated to a holiday, and that the brothers should hold a great family reunion, in which they might enjoy the unwonted pleasure of each other's society without let or hindrance. How terribly the dream has been dispelled our readers will know ...

"DEATH OF MR. FREDERICK YOUNGE", Ovens and Murray Advertiser (23 February 1871), 2 

Bibliography and resources: 

YOUNGE, Richard

Actor, vocalist, songwriter

Active Australia, 1854-60 (brother of Frederick YOUNGE, above)
Died London, England, 1887 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", The Sydney Morning Herald (11 July 1855), 5

After the play, Mr. R. Younge sang a descriptive patriotic song, written by himself, on the departure of the British Guards from London for the East. The exciting and appropriate music was arranged by Mr. Winterbottom. The description of the varied circumstances attendant upon the departure, the march, the halt, the muster, the exchange of farewells by the wife and husband, the embarkation, and the first charge, followed by a prayer, was admirably illustrated both vocally and instrumentally, and obtained an enthusiastic encore.

"ROYAL VICTORIA THEATRE", Empire (11 July 1855), 4

"THE DRAMA", Empire (31 October 1860), 4

"DEATH OF MR. RICHARD YOUNGE", The Argus (8 June 1887), 8

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 99, 105

Gyger misidentifies the Alfred and Gaston in the April 1859 Melbourne Traviata as "Mrs. Richard Younge" and her husband; recte "Mrs. and Mr. Fred. Younge"


YOUNGER, Charles

Amateur cellist, organist, founding member of Sydney Philharmonic Society

Born ? England, c1807/08
Arrived Sydney, 18 December 1832 (per Alexander Robertson)
Died Neutral Bay, NSW, 26 June 1875, aged 68 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

YOUNGER, Montague (senior) (Montagu Thomas Robson YOUNGER)

Organist, pianist, composer

Born Sydney, 25 June 1836
Died Sydney, 26 December 1899, aged 64 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony) (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)

YOUNGER, Montague (junior)


Born Sydney, 1869
Died 1947


"SHIPPING INTELLIGENCE", The Sydney Morning Herald (20 December 1832), 2

[Advertisement], Bell's Life in Sydney (22 May 1852), 3

"Aquatics in 1853", Bell's Life in Sydney (21 January 1854), 1

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 March 1854), 8 

SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY. - PRESIDENT, The Hon. J. H. Plunkett; VICE-PRESIDENT, H. G. Douglass, Esq., M.L.C.; TREASURER, Mr. B. Mountcastle; HON. SECRETARY, Mons. E. Paris; COMMITTEE, Messrs. G. Wright, F. Kellermann, C. Younger, F. Clarke, W. Mac Donnell. The object of the Society is the practice and cultivation of the most approved vocal and instrumental music, and is based on the principles of the London Philharmonic Society, and other amateur Musical Societies in England ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 April 1859), 1 

SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY ... PRESIDENT, The Hon. J. H. Plunkett; VICE-PRESIDENT, The Hon. F. L. S. Merewether; COMMITTEE, J. Black, Mr. T. A. Boesen, E. Deane, J. Dyer; W. McDonell, L. Spyer, L. Rawack, J. Smith, jun., J. G. Waller, C. Younger: Honorary Treasurer: mr. W. H. Aldis. Conductor: Mr. John Deane ...

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (30 June 1864), 1

"ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SYDNEY PHILHARMONIC SOCIETY", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 August 1864), 5

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (14 February 1865), 2

"MARRIAGES", The Sydney Morning Herald (31 October 1865), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (21 November 1865), 5

Mr. Montague Younger - well known in musical circles as an amateur musician of great genius and a gentleman who enjoyed the personal respect and esteem of a large number of friends - has left Sydney to settle in Queensland.

"IPSWICH", The Queenslander (24 February 1866), 8

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (16 November 1867), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (27 November 1867), 1

[News], The Sydney Morning Herald (22 April 1868), 5

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 June 1875), 1

"ST. ANDREW'S CATHEDRAL", Empire (28 February 1872), 2

"Mr. Montague Younger, Jun.", Australian Town and Country Journal (29 July 1899), 41

Mr. Montague Younger, Jun. At the Freemasons' ball, held at the Town Hall, Sydney, on July 27, a new waltz, composed by Mr. Montague Younger, jun., second son of the well-known organist and musician of this city, appeared in the programme. There has been a plethora of this class of dance music for the last few years In Sydney, although of the many candidates for public favor few are advanced to the stage of appearing in print, or obtain the coveted honor of being orchestrated by M. be Groen and played by his celebrated band. But this waltz is making an auspicious entry into public life. His Excellency Lord Beauchamp has permitted its dedication to himself, and the piece has been entitled "The Earl". It goes without saying that the composition is a meritorious one to have won its way thus far, and, as it is just being brought out by Messrs. Paling and Company,  musical people will soon have an opportunity of judging for themselves. Mr. Montague Younger, jun., is essentially a son of the soil-a veritable cornstalk as his father is himself a native of Sydney, being the second son of Mr. Younger, of stove-making fame, who came to New South Wales in the early days to open an ironmongery store in conjunction with Mr. Levick, who travelled with him from England, for the purpose. To believers in heredity, it is curious to note how this young composer's grandfather was himself a musician, finding time, when not engaged in his business, to play the 'cello. He also had a liking for organ music, presenting St. Thomas's Church, North Sydney, with its first instrument, a seraphim, when he held the position there of trustee and churchwarden, the other trustee being Mr. James Milson. Mr. Younger played this instrument himself for some time, his young sons singing in the choir, the second one (Montague) being later on promoted to the position of organist when 10 years of age at a salary of £10 a year. Although intended for business, this juvenile organist eventually took up music as a profession in 1865, and after a short sojourn in Queensland, where he filled important musical positions, was appointed organist and choir master at St. Andrew's Pro-Cathedral in 1868, and has filled the same position from its consecration to the present time. It is not, however, as a public performer that his son, Mr. Montague Younger, jun., hopes to come to the front. From an early age he has had a taste for musical composition, and a long illness keeping him from the business life for which he was intended, induced him to turn his attention exclusively to music. In addition to "The Earl" waltz. Mr. Younger has two songs ready for publication, and his many friends in Sydney will watch his future career with great interest.

"DEATHS", The Sydney Morning Herald (27 December 1899), 1

"MEMORIAL SERVICE OF MR. MONTAGUE YOUNGER", The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1900), 9

"CHURCH OF ENGLAND", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 November 1900), 12

CHARLES YOUNGER. Just a Hundred years Ago", The Sydney Morning Herald (17 December 1932), 9

... The final place of business the firm having then changed its name to Younger and Son was located where the Bulletin office now stands in George street. There was an added interest attached to this house. Here a great part of the oratorio The Crown of Thorns by Charles Packer was composed. Mr Packer was on intimate terms of friendship with the family ... The family was very musical the father being a good performer on the piano, organ and cello and all the sons and daughters played instruments and sang. Mr Younger who was one of the founders of St Thomas Church North Sydney was its first organist and was succeeded by his son Montague at the juvenile age of 12.

Musical works (Montague senior):

The nervous cures (as danced by the celebrated Christy's Minstrels arranged for the pianoforte by M. Younger) (Sydney: W. J. Johnson, [1868]) 

Nervous cures galop ("The Veritable Christy's nervous cures galop as played at the nobility's and gentry's balls") (Sydney: W. J. Johnson, [1868]) 

Thanksgiving hymn for the preservation of the duke of Edinburgh (from the attempt upon his life) (words: L. M. Harrison) [April 1868], published as Hymn: A tribute to prince Alfred (Words L. M. Harrison)

Bibliography and resources:

E. J. Lea-Scarlett, "Younger, Monatgue Thomas Robson (1836-1899)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Rushworth 1988, esp. 377-79

Peter Hughes, "Montague Younger: first organist of St. Andrew's Cathedral Sydney", The Sydney organ journal (December 1999), 21-22

Rushworth 2006, Supplement, 69

Reproduces likely photograph of Younger (sen.), c.1895

YRIGOYTI, Francis de


Active London, 1850s (NLA persistent identifier)


Francis de Yrigoyti never came to Australia. However, he composed several popular compositions that are testament to colonial gold fever's grip in London in the early 1850s. The new song Dig! dig! dig! was "Composed & dedicated to all merry gold diggers"; according to reviews quoted on the back cover of the second edition: "This song may serve to shed a gleam of satisfaction to our Australian friends", "we hope it may find its way to Geelong". Yrigoyti followed the song with the Dig! dig! dig! polka. The song and his The great nugget polka were on sale in Australia by mid 1854.

Many new colonial "local songs" were also written and sung as parodies of "Dig, dig, dig".


"New Music", The Ladies' Companion and Monthly Magazine 3 (1 April 1853), 222

"THE GREAT NUGGET POLKA", The Ladies' Companion and Monthly Magazine 3 (1 June 1853), 330

[Advertisement], The Musical Times 5 (1 February 1854), 346

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (12 May 1854), 6

THE GREAT NUGGET POLKA, embellished with a veritable nugget ... WOOLCOTT and CLARKE

"CHARACTERISTIC MUSIC", The Courier (1 June 1854), 3

[Advertisement], "MUSIC", The Maitland Mercury (6 April 1858), 3

- Z -

ZAMBONI, Signora

Mezzo-soprano vocalist

Active Hobart and Launceston, TAS, January-February 1875; Brisbane, QLD, March 1875


"SHIPPING", The Tasmanian (30 January 1875), 14 

HOBART TOWN SHIPPING. ARRIVED ... January 22. - Tasman, s.s., 491 tons, E. Lucas, from Melbourne, 20th inst. Passengers ... Signor and Signora Tamburini Coy, Signora Zenoni Gamboa, Signor Baldassarri, Signora Baldassarri, Signora Magi, Signora Zamboni, Signora Dao ...

"THE OPERA", Launceston Examiner (20 February 1875), 5 

On Thursday evening Meyerbeer's master work Il Profeta was performed to an appreciative though not crowded house ... Signora Zamboni in the minor part of Ines was good ...

[News], The Brisbane Courier (30 March 1875), 2 

SIGNOR POMPEI'S Italian Opera Troupe, on their second appearance at the Victoria Theatre, last night, were greeted by an audience such as is seldom seen assembled in Brisbane ... The piece chosen for last evening was Donizetti's justly-celebrated opera of "Lucia di Lammermoor" ... The principal performers last night - consisting of Signor Baldassari, as Henry Ashton; Signor Dondi, as Raimondo; Signor Coy, as Edgardo; Signora Tamburini Coy, as Lucia (the heroine); and Signora Zamboni, as Alice, her attendant - acquitted themselves in a manner that appeared to give the greatest satisfaction to the critical audience assembled to hear them ...

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 198


Dancers, vocalists, actors

Arrived Sydney, June 1871 (per Nebraska, from California)
Departed Sydney, January 1872 (per Nebraska, for Auckland, NZ)


Born England, c.1834 (mother of Emmeline and Alice)

ZAVISTOWSKI, Emmeline (Mrs. Julius SHAILER)

Born Pennsylvania, USA, c.1850

ZAVISTOWSKI, Alice (Mrs. Marshall WEBB)

Born New York, USA, c.1852


The Zavistowski Sisters (actually Christine was Emmeline and Alice's mother) toured Australia for an intensive six months from mid-1871, before moving on to New Zealand in January 1872.



[News], Australian Town and Country Journal (3 June 1871), 6

The Zavistowski sisters (three in number), burlesque actresses, singers, and dancers have been engaged by Mr. George Coppin to visit Australia. They are said to be the most expensive stars that have ever yet visited the colonies.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (9 June 1871), 4

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (10 June 1871), 20

"THE PRINCE OF WALES OPERA HOUSE", The Sydney Morning Herald (24 June 1871), 5

Great reputations may fill a theatre for one night to see Burnand's burlesque of Ixion, and as was the case on last Saturday night, many persons may be unable to obtain admission, but to draw large audiences in inclement weather, without changing the bill requires something more than a name. That these ladies have done so, proves that they have convinced the playgoers of their talent, and are appreciated. They are considered the cleverest trio of burlesque artists seen here, and from their first entrance to the fall of the curtain the excitement never flags, nor is there an opportunity afforded for adverse criticism. Miss Christine as Jupiter, dances admirably, and acts with great animation, and the Misses Emmeline and Alice as Ixion and Mercury fulfil every requisite of the part with immense eclat. They have been nightly encored, and are already as popular as if they had been old favourites.

"Dramatic and Musical Review", Australian Town and Country Journal (24 June 1871), 20

... The most lithe and easy is the youngest, I think, Alice, who has a naive manner, and a very piquant countenance, totally unlike either of the others. The general appearance of the girls, their dresses, and a sort of brilliance, add to a passable share of good looks, very necessary for burlesque actresses. On hearing Alice sing "Love among the Roses", it is easy to see whence Miss Bessie Gregory borrowed her style of singing the song. Emmeline is the best comic vocalist; "Moet and Chandon" will, of course, be the rage of those who are addicted to show themselves the worse for indulging in the beverages. The "Shoo Fly", with which the present edition terminates, is a novelty, and about the most amusing part of the piece, and very characteristic of the kind of thing that will draw in San Francisco for "seventeen consecutive weeks".

"NEW DANCE MUSIC", The Sydney Morning Herald (29 July 1871), 4

NEW DANCE MUSIC. Mr. Henry Marsh has issued a waltz entitled the "Zavistowski", with an introduction including the air "Love among the roses". This composition will be found very lively, and in Mr. Marsh's usually effective style. The popular nigger melody, "Shoo fly", furnishes Mr. Walter Rice, the leader of the Prince of Wales Opera House band, with the basis of an excellently arranged galop, set in E, and A sharp. It is very pleasing, and well marked. The latter is published by Mr. J. R, Clarke, music-seller, of Hunter street.

"THEATRE ROYAL. THE ZAVISTOWSKI SISTERS", The Argus (11 September 1871), 6

"NEW MUSIC", Williamstown Chronicle (20 January 1872), 5

NEW MUSIC. We have received from Professor Hughes's Academy of Music, Collins street east, a copy of "Dora Fair", just published, as sung by our esteemed friend, Madlle. Emmeline Zavistowski, in the burlesque of the Field of the Cloth of Gold. By special request an acquaintance of ours kindly went through the music, which is set with pianoforte accompaniments, and to our uncultivated ear the performances sounded very nicely.

"SYDNEY SHIPPING", The Maitland Mercury (25 January 1872), 1

"THE ZAVISTOWSKI SISTERS", Daily Southern Cross (5 February 1872), 3

[Obituary of Antonio Zavistowski], New York Clipper (20 April 1901)

Through Col. T. Alston Brown we learn of the death of Mons. Antonio Zavistowski which occurred Jan. 24 at Morris Plains, NJ, aged seventy-six years. He was a well known ballerina master to old timers. He was at Covent Garden, London, Eng. for some time and came to America with his wife (Christine Ludlam), a well known premiere danseuse, in November 1848. He appeared with his wife in the small theatre called the Amphion, adjacent to the old Broadway Theatre. He then went to Philadelphia and appeared at Ellsbee's Lyceum They then came back to the old Bowery Theatre, this city. Returning to Philadelphia, they appeared at the Arch Street Theatre in 1853, dancing between the plays. For Zavistowski's benefit, June 27, 1854, the pantomime of "Too Many Cooks" was acted, when his wife first appeared in pantomime. The season of 1858-9, Zavistowski was at the Walnut Street Theatre, Philadelphia. Leaving Philadelphia, they traveled as the Zavistowski Family, consisting of Mrs. Zavistowski (Christine Ludlam) and their two daughters, Alice and Emmeline. As the family, they were at Pike's Opera House, Cincinnati in the season of 1864. They traveled through the country until they went to San Francisco, Cal. with the spectacle "Snow Flake" and appeared at the Grand Opera House (now Morosco's), under the management of Fred Bert. Then Zavistowski went to Australia with Annie Pixley. He retired from the stage about 1881 and for years resided at Ridgewood New Jersey. When "Michael Strogoff" was done at Booth's Theatre he had charge of the ballet.

Related publications:

The Zavistowski waltz (by Henry Marsh) (Sydney & Melbourne: n. p., [1871]) 

Moet and Chandon waltz (arranged by Percy Fitz Stubbs; Dedicated to Miss Emmeline Zavistowski. Arranged from the air and suggested by her artistic representation of IXION) (Sydney: n.p., [?1871/2]) 

ZEIGLER, Herr C. (? Charles)

Double bass player, musician

Active Adelaide, SA, 1848-51; ? Melbourne, VIC, 1852


"RESIDENT MAGISTRATES COURT", South Australian Register (10 June 1848), 4

[Advertisement], South Australian (9 July 1850), 3

[Advertisement], South Australian Register (7 April 1851), 2

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 June 1852), 5

ZEIM, Herr

See Herr ZIEMS

ZELMAN, Alberto

Pianist, organist, teacher, conductor, composer

Born Trieste, Italy, 1832
Arrived Sydney, NSW, 28 August 1871 (per Rangoon, from Calcutta)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 28 December 1907 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)

ZELMAN, Alberto (Samuel Victor Albert; Albert ZELMAN junior)

Violinist, conductor

Born Melbourne, VIC, 15 November 1874
Died Hawthorn, VIC, 3 March 1927 (NLA persistent identifier) (NLA persistent identifier)



In Sydney in December 1871, bandmaster Julius Wissell already had the only recently arrived Alberto Zelman's Pipele waltzes on his band program.


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (23 December 1871), 4

Bibliography and resources:

Thérèse Radic, "Zelman, Alberto (1832-1907)", Australian dictionary of biography 6 (1976)

Thérèse Radic, "Zelman, Samuel Victor Albert (Alberto) (1874-1927)", Australian dictionary of biography 12 (1990)

Musical works (junior):

Soldiers of the willow (Song; words by Geo. Essex Evans [1901]; music by Alberto Zelman [? jnr.]) ([Melbourne]: For the author by Allan & Co., [1903]) 

ZENNARI, Angelo (Signor ZANNARI)

Tenor vocalist

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999, 166, 169, 171, 178, 183


Soprano vocalist

Bibliography and resources:

Gyger 1999


All except George Frederick arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from London, 4 June)

ZEPLIN, George (senior; Mr. ZEPLIN; Mr. G. ZEPLIN)

Musician, violinist, tailor

Born Wapping, Middlesex, England, c.1812
Married Jane Margaret CHAMBERLAIN (1817-1881), Christ Church, Spitalfields, London, 15 January 1832
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from London, 4 June)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 29 September 1881, aged 69 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, George Frederick

Musician, harp player, tailor, draper

Born London, England, 13 August 1832; baptised St. George in the East, 12 September 1832, son of George ZEPLIN and Jane CHAMBERLAIN
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, October 1852 (per Nepal)
Married Bridget SHEA (1833-1877), VIC, 1855
Died Melbourne, VIC, 21 October 1884 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, Frederick (John Frederick Ferdinand ZEPLIN; Frederic ZEPLIN)

Musician, violinist, orchestral leader

Born London, England, c. 1834; son of George ZEPLIN and Jane CHAMBERLAIN
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from London, 4 June)
Married (1) Rebecca Mary JONES (c.1833-1886), VIC, 24 January 1869
Married (2) Julia Ada MARSHALL (1866-1897), 16 March 1889
Died Melbourne, 24 September 1906, "in his 73rd year" (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, Rebecca (Mrs. Frederick ZEPLIN)


Active Hobart Town, VDL (TAS), by 1848
Died Belfast (Port Fairy), VIC, 16 January 1886 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, Thomas

Musician, violinist, orchestral leader, pianist, organist

Born Stepney, England, c. December 1840; son of George ZEPLIN and Jane CHAMBERLAIN
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from London, 4 June)
Married Louisa WILSON (1845-1917), VIC, 1868; children: Arthur John (1872-1940), George (1871-1908), Thomas (1870-1897)
Died Melbourne, VIC, 10 August 1913, aged 72 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


Violinist, orchestral leader

Born Stepney, UK, 1843; son of George ZEPLIN and Jane CHAMBERLAIN
Arrived Melbourne, VIC, 28 August 1859 (per Black Swan, from London, 4 June)
Married (1) Ada WHITE, VIC, September 1889
Married (2) Emilie Jesse BARLOW, VIC, 1891
Died Melbourne, VIC, 21 May 1899, aged 57 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, Thomas G. (Thomas ZEPLIN junior)


Born Melbourne, VIC, 1869; son of Thomas ZEPLIN and Louisa WILSON
Died Chicago, USA, 5 April 1897 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZEPLIN, George Henry (2)


Born Melbourne, VIC, 1871; son of Thomas ZEPLIN and Louisa WILSON
Died VIC 1908

ZEPLIN, Henry George (George Henry)


Born Carlton, VIC, 1879, son of Frederick ZEPLIN and Rebecca Mary JONES
Married Maud HUMFRESS, VIC, 1903


In the Melbourne Argus on 10 September 1859, the Zeplin Family (G. Zeplin and Sons) advertised that they had just arrived from London per ship Black Swan, and elsewhere on the same page it was already announced that Zeplin's Celebrated Quadrille Band was engaged for a Plain and Fancy Dress Ball at Trade's Hall, and that at Edward Wivell's Assembly Rooms:

the celebrated English instrumentalists, the Zeplin Family, will perform the newest dance music, selections from the new opera Satanella [Balfe], Jullien's latest composition, the Fern Leaves Waltz, &c..

As "Zeplin and Sons' Quadrille Band", they also advertised "Violin, harp, flageolet, Pianoforte taught".

In October 1861, the "Band of the Messrs. Zeplin" appeared with the visiting artists Poussard and Douay at an afternoon promenade concert at the Victorian Exhibition. Thereafter, "Zeplin's Band" played regularly at prominent Melbourne events, like the Governor's Ball in June 1864. In August 1864 it was announced that "Mr. F. Coppin and M. Zeplin" would be first violins in Frank Howson's orchestra at the New Haymarket Theatre. Two son were billed at the Theatre Comique in June 1867:

Musical Director, Mr. F. Zeplin . . . Leader of the Orchestra, Mr. Tom Zeplin.

Probably one or other of them directed the orchestra at the Governor's Ball again in November 1867, when it was reported:

The music was provided by Mr. Zeplin, whoso admirable band comprised 30 performers, and the programme included the Duke of Edinburgh Galop, a spirited and effective composition by Mr. Zeplin himself.

Having been lessees of the Varieties Theatre, George senior and Frederick were before the Insolvency Court in June 1876. That year Thomas Zeplin released, through W. H. Glen and Co., his first published compositions, The lily waltz in July, and Autumn leaves: suite de valses in November.

Zeplin also composed music for several stage productions, a published offshoot of one of which was Round the world in 80 days: potpourri ("arranged by Fred. Lyster & Tho's. Zeplin ; on airs wirtten for this ... drama by Giorza, Zeplin, Fred. Lyster, Mrs. W. S. Lyster, etc.").

Note: My thanks to an old friend, Phillip (Alban) Nunn, for kindly sharing his findings on the Zeplin family, part of his researches into the emigrants on the ship Nepal in 1852, assisted under Caroline Chisholm's emigration scheme. Phillip's great-great-great uncle was a fellow passenger of George Frederick Zelpin on the Nepal, Thomas Winnett (1827-1853). Winnett's shipboard diary, which Phillip is editing along with material from other diarists on the same voyage, describes musical instruments (some damaged during a storm) and music-making on board. The Nepal was typical of the Chisholm ships which were models of social engineering, the emigrants a combination of professionals, artisans, artists, clergy, and labourers.


Baptisms solemnized in the Parish of St. George [in the East] . . . in the year 1832; register, 1826-35, page 182 

No. 1449 1832 Sept'r 12 / George Frederick Son of / George & Jane / Zeplin / Chapel Street / Tailor / [born] 13 Aug't 1832

1851, 30 March, English census, Stepney, Mile End Old Town; UK National Archives, HO 107 / 1552 

11 [Bedford St.] / George Zeplin / Head / 38 / Musician / [Born] Mid'x St. George's
Jane [Zeplin] / Wife / 38 / Wife / [Mid'x] Shadwell
George [Zeplin] / Son / 18 / Musician / [Mid'x] St. Luke's
Frederick [Zeplin] / Son / 17 / Musician / [Mid'x] Shadwell
Ann [Zeplin] / Son / 12 / Scholar / [Mid'x] Shadwell
Thomas [Zeplin] / Son / 10 / Scholar / [Mid'x] Stepney
Henry [Zeplin] / Son / 7 / Scholar / [Mid'x] Stepney
Jane [Zeplin] / Dau. / 3 / At home / [Mid'x] Stepney
Matilda [Zeplin] / Dau. / 1 / At home / Surrey Bramley . . .

[Advertisement], The era [London] (2 September 1855), 1

ROYAL PAVILION GARDENS, NORTH WOOLWICH. Mr. H. FRANCIS'S (Manager) BENEFIT on THURSDAY NEXT, SEPTEMBER 6TH . . . Dancing to Hayyward's celebrated Band. The Colossal Ball-room will also be open for Dancing to Zeplin's Band . . .

[Advertisement], The era [London] (11 January 1857), 1

EASTERN CANTERBURY HALL. KING'S ARMS, MILE-END-ROAD. - Licensed by Act of Parliament. - Proprietor, Mr. H. LEVY. - Open every Evening for Singing and Dancing . . . Mr. George Chapman will preside at the Grand Pianoforte. Zeplin's celebrated Quadrille Band. All the new and popular Dances of the day. Solos, Duetts, Glees, Madrigals, &c. Doors open at Seven, cammence at Half-past Seven. Ball at Ten, conclude at Twelve.

[Advertisement], The era [London] (21 June 1857), 1

TO PRIOPRIETORS OF PUBLIC PLACES OF AMUSEMENTS. - G. ZEPLIN AND SON'S Celebrated Quadrille Band having completed a suceessful engagement in London, are open to enter into an engarement with the proprietor of one of the above places of amusements for the Summer season. Country preferred. Address, G. ZEPLIN AND SON, Quadrille Ofice, 24, Mile End-road.

[Advertisement], The era [London] (24 April 1859), 1

PUBLIC AMUSEIMENTS. - ZEPLIN and SONS beg to state that their celebrated Band is open to engagements during the Summer Season, for Promenade Concerts, Gardens, &c., in or out of London. Apply, by letter, to G. ZEPLIN'S office, 29, Argyle-road, Globe-fields, Mile-end.

[Advertisement], The Argus (10 September 1859), 8

THE ZEPLIN FAMILY having just arrived from London per ship Black Swan, beg to inform the gentry that their celebrated QUADRILLE BAND may be engaged in large or small numbers, by applying to G. Zeplin and Sons, 31 Queensberry-street, North Melbourne.

[Advertisement], The Argus (17 January 1860), 3

[Advertisement], The Argus (12 October 1861), 8

"THE GOVEROR'S BALL", The Australian News for Home Readers (25 June 1864), 13

"THE NEW HAYMARKET THEATRE", The Argus (5 August 1864), 7

[Advertisement], The Argus (6 June 1867), 8

"THE GOVERNOR'S BALL", The Argus (26 November 1867), 5

"MARRIAGE", The Argus (28 January 1869), 4

"INSOLVENT COURT. SPECIAL EXAMINATION", The Argus (17 November 1876), 1s

[Advertisement], The Argus (15 July 1876), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (18 November 1876), 12

[Advertisement], The Argus (27 March 1877), 8

"ROUND THE WORLD IN EIGHTY DAYS", The Argus (29 March 1877), 5

[Advertisement]: "NEW MUSICAL PUBLICATIONS", The Argus (23 June 1877), 12

Deaths", The Argus (30 September 1881), 1

"Funeral Notices", The Argus (23 October 1884), 1

 "DEATHS", The Argus (22 May 1899), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (25 September 1906), 1

"DEATHS", The Argus (11 August 1913), 1

Bibliography and resources:

"Zeplin", Pioneer families in Victoria (website)

ZERBINI, John Baptist

Viola player, quartet founder, pianist, organist, accompanist

Born St. Pancras, London, 1839
Arrived Adelaide, 1 May 1885 (per R.M.S. John Elder, from London)
Died North Carlton, VIC, 28 November 1891, aged 52 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)



"THE METROPOLITAN LIEDERTAFEL", The Argus (26 September 1876), 5

"PASSENGERS FROM EUROPE", Australian Town and Country Journal (9 May 1885), 14

[News], The Argus (30 July 1885), 5

[Advertisement], The Argus (3 October 1885), 16

[first advertisement for Zerbini Quartet]

"THE ZERBINI QUARTET PARTY", The Sydney Morning Herald (15 July 1886), 8

"Our Melbourne Letter", Morwell Advertiser (10 February 1890), 3

On an incorrect cable report that Zerbini had suicided in London; it was, rather, his father, John Baptist Zerbini (b. 1818; d. December 1889)

"DEATH OF MR. J. B. ZERBINI", The Argus (30 November 1891), 6

Mr. Zerbini, who was born in 1839, was for many years closely associated with the London Monday Popular Concerts in St. James's Hall, both as viola player in the string quartets and as pianoforte accompanist. To show the position that he held it is sufficient to mention a few of the names of his confreres such as Herr Joachim, Lady Halle, Mr. L. Ries and Signor Piatti. His residence in Melbourne gave an impetus to quartet playing, the value of which cannot well be over estimated, and had a great deal to do with raising the general musical taste of the community; his long experience in the old country and consequent knowledge of the correct tempi, &c., rendered him invaluable, and his death causes a heavy loss. Mr. Zerbini's accomplishments were varied. He was a good pianist and shone as an accompanist; he was also a capable organist, but as a viola player he was exceptionally gifted. He came to Melbourne six years ago, and has since exerted a potent influence in creating a taste for clumber music. He founded the Zerbini Quartet, which formed the great attraction of the Melbourne Popular Concerts promoted by Mr. T. H. Guenett, and he was conductor of the party appearing at the series of entertainments now being carried on by Mr. Max Klein. He was a most valued member of the Victorian Orchestra as it was originally constituted, and he had been a prominent figure at nearly every concert which has been given in Melbourne for years past. Among the positions which he filled at the time of his death was that of organist of St. Francis Roman Catholic Church. Formerly he was organist of St. George's Church, Carlton. He was 52 years of age.

"Deaths", The Argus (30 November 1891), 1

Bibliography and resources:

James D. Brown and Stephen S. Stratton, British musical biography: a dictionary of musical artists, authors, and composers born in Britain and its colonies (Birmingham: S. S. Stratton, 1897), 462 

Zerbini, John Baptist, violinist and pianist, son of an Italian musician (J. B. Zerbini, member of the London Philharmonic orchestra, died December 27, 1889), was born in London in 1839. He began his career in the band at Drury Lane when he was seventeen, and in 1867 joined Mr. Chappell's string quartet at the Popular Concerts as viola player, and also as pianoforte accompanist. He married Anna Patey, who was for a long time amanuensis and secretary to the eminent geologist, Sir Charles Lyell. His wife died in June, 1884, and Zerbini, in failing health, went to Australia. He soon established himself as a teacher of repute; directed Chamber concerts at Victoria, in 1887; and died at Melbourne, November, 1891. He was a man of quiet, unassuming manners, an excellent accompanist, and a good all-round musician. His brother, Leander, a native of London, was a vocalist and composer.

ZIEMS, Herr (ZEIM, ZIEM, ? perhaps the Fritz below)

Bandmaster ("Herr Ziem's band" [sic])

Active Sydney, NSW, 1857-1862's+band (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZIEMS, Fritz (Frederick "Fritz" ZIEMS, "Fred ZIEMS", ZEIM)

Musician, bandsman, bandmaster

Born Hannover, Germany, 21 June 1838
Arrived Australia, c.1852 ("age 13")
Active Sydney, NSW, 1857-1862
Married Johanne CASSEL, NSW, 1863
Active Corrimal (Towrodgi), NSW, by 1863/64
Died Woolongong, NSW, 11 December 1932 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZIEM, William (Wilhelm ZIEM)

Bandsman (Concordia Band)

Born c. 1837/38 (not necessarily related to the above)
Died Strathalbyn, SA, October 1874, aged "36 or 37 years"


A family of emigrants from Hannover, Henry (b. c.1822, d. NSW, 1897), Charles (b. 1831, d. NSW, 1881), Fred, and Julius (1841, d. NSW 1897) Ziems were sons of Christopher Ziems (died NSW, 1864).


[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (26 January 1857), 1

"WOLLONGONG", The Sydney Morning Herald (26 February 1857), 3

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (13 May 1859), 1 

BOTANICAL GARDENS. - THIS DAY, Friday, May 13th. - The GERMAN BAND will perform the following programme, commencing at half-past 3 p.m. (weather permitting):
Overture - Zampa ... Herold Cavatina, from Norma ... Bellini
Waltz-Saravenen ... Labitzky
Cavatina, from Attila... Verdi
Quadrille-Ireland ... D'Albert
Selections, from Freyschutz ... Weber
Cavatina, from Gabriel ... Verdi
Waltz - Taglionen ... Strauss
Duett, from Elisire d'Amore ... Donizetti
Polka - Echo ... Jullien
Gallop - Cavalri ... Sax
God Save the Queen!

"NEWTOWN", The Sydney Morning Herald (25 May 1860), 4-5

"CONCERT AT THE MASONIC HALL", Empire (31 December 1862), 4

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (1 January 1863), 1 

MANLY BEACH. - New Year's Day - Herr Zeim's Band of 12 performers, is engaged. R. CHALK.

[Advertisement], The Sydney Morning Herald (24 January 1863), 12

"DEATH FROM APOPLEXY", South Australian Register (8 October 1874), 5

"MR. FRED ZIEMS. OF TOWRODGI", South Coast Times and Wollongong Argus (6 July 1928), 12 

"BANDMASTER'S DEATH", The Sydney Morning Herald (13 December 1932), 10 

WOLLONGONG, Monday. The death took place yesterday of Mr. Fritz Ziems, at the age of 93 years. He was one of the oldest residents of the district. He came to Australia with the first German band. He was bandmaster of one of the first established in the district.

"OBITUARY", Illawarra Mercury (16 December 1932), 3 

One of the grand old men of the district, Mr. Fritz Ziems, passed away on Tuesday at the residence of his daughter, Mrs. Street, and thus the earthly career of a man rich in musical attainment, and in kindly gentlemnly characteristics was brought to a close. For 95 years he had led an exemplary life, respected and admired by his friends and acquaintances, and loved by the members of his family and relatives.

The late Mr. Ziems was born in Hanover at the time when it was a British possession and when a youth he came to New South Wales with his parents. Soon aafter his arrival he became a member of a musical combination which toured the whole of Australia. Eventually he took up land in Illawarra district and engaged in farming. His musical abilities were soon recognised, and he became the bandsmaster of the first bands at Wollongong and Bulli. He could practically play any instrument, and some of the old time musicians state that it was a delight to hear him play the piccalo [sic, piccolo]. He was married in Sydney in 1863 to Miss Johanna Cassel, of Sydney. He lived in the district for 69 years and was looked upon as a good neighbour and friend. He served one term as aladerman of the North Illawarra Council. Many years ago he was bandmaster of the Volunteer Infantry Band, which was subsequently merged into the Wollongong Artillery Band . . .

ZOUCH, Marcia Charlotte (Mrs. Nicholas Herbert THROSBY)

Amateur vocalist, pianist

Born c. 1846
Married Nicholas Herbert THROSBY, St. Saviour's, Goulburn, NSW, 14 June 1870
Died Moss Vale, NSW, 22 June 1900, aged 53 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)

ZOUCH, Christiana Jane (Mrs. Hugh ROSS)

Amateur vocalist

Active Gouldburn, 1870s
Married Hugh ROSS, St. Saviour's, Goulburn, 30 August 1881
Died East St. Kilda, VIC, 17 April 1907 (TROVE tagged by Australharmony)


"MARRIAGES", Sydney Mail (2 July 1870), 14 

"ST. SAVIOUR'S SUNDAY-SCHOOL TEA-MEETING AND SOIREE", The Goulburn Herald and Chronicle (28 February 1874), 4 

... Miss Zouch then sang with great taste and feeling a sacred song - Geistliches Lied - the words of the the twenty-second verse of the seventy first Psalm ... Miss Martyr played very pleasingly La Pluie de Perles, by Osborne; and then Miss Zouch was loudly applauded in the charming song, the Wanderer ...

"GOULBURN. MR. E. S. DEANE'S CONCERT", Australian Town and Country Journal (6 July 1878), 39 

Musical sources:

Owner bound album of songs and music, belonging to Miss Marcia Charlotte Zouch, c.1830-60; Stewart Symonds sheet music collection; Sydney Living Museums/HHT 

Marcia Charlotte Zouch was married to Nicholas Herbert Throsby in Goulburn. One of the scores is inscribed 'Miss Zouch Goulburn'. Miss Zouch's signature or name appears on a number of the scores.

© Graeme Skinner 2014 - 2019